179,594 results match your criteria Oral Examination


Ipriflavone suppresses NLRP3 inflammasome activation in host response to biomaterials and promotes early bone healing.

J Clin Periodontol 2022 May 15. Epub 2022 May 15.

Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedical Research of Zhejiang Province, The Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, School of Stomatology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Aim: Emerging studies have shown that immune response to biomaterial implants plays a central role in bone healing. Ipriflavone is clinically used for osteoporosis. However, the mechanism of ipriflavone in immune response to implants in early stage of osseointegration remains unclear. Read More

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Psychological risk indicators for peri-implantitis: a cross-sectional study.

J Clin Periodontol 2022 May 15. Epub 2022 May 15.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, The Netherlands.

Aim: The aim of this analytical cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between peri-implantitis and psychological distress, and potentially related/mediating factors such as general health, bruxism and lifestyle factors.

Material And Methods: Patients having received dental implants at a private practice in the Netherlands between January 2011 and January 2014 were recalled on a 5-year clinical and radiographic follow-up examination. Presence of peri-implantitis was examined and patients completed questionnaires measuring psychological distress (Symptom Checklist-90), bruxism, general health and lifestyle factors. Read More

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Evaluation of the efficacy of platelet rich fibrin (I-PRF) intra-articular injections in the management of internal derangements of temporomandibular joints - a controlled preliminary prospective clinical study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 May 14;23(1):454. Epub 2022 May 14.

Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Al-Sham Syrian Private University, Damascus, Syria.

Background: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is one of the most complex joints in the body. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are among the most troublesome disorders for patients, as they can cause pain, affect oral functions and disturb dentists on the level of diagnosis and treatment. The most common symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders are articulated sounds (such as clicking or TMJ crepitation), joint pain in comfort and function situations (jaw movements), pain or strain in masseter and jaw muscles and or restricted mandibular movements. Read More

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Factors associated with serum CA125 level in women without ovarian cancer in the United States: a population-based study.

BMC Cancer 2022 May 14;22(1):544. Epub 2022 May 14.

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Cancer antigen 125 (CA125) is clinically used to monitor response to therapy in ovarian cancer and has been proposed for use in detecting ovarian cancer. This population-based study examines how demographic characteristics, gynecologic/reproductive history, chronic non-malignant medical conditions, history of non-ovarian cancer, lifestyle practices, and biomarkers of inflammation correlate with serum CA125 in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women without ovarian cancer across the United States.

Methods: Participants were identified from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2002. Read More

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Are yellow-brownish opacities in hypomineralized teeth more prone to breakage than white-creamy ones? A systematic review.

Clin Oral Investig 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Universidade Do Estado Do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objetive: To evaluate all the available evidence assessing if in hypomineralized teeth, yellow-brownish opacities are more prone to post-eruptive breakdown (PEB) compared to white-creamy opacities.

Materials And Methods: Observational studies that evaluated the occurrence of PEB in hypomineralized teeth were considered for inclusion. Electronic searches were performed up to January 2022 in MedLine, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. Read More

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Effect of imatinib on oral wound healing after extraction: A rare case report.

J Am Dent Assoc 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Background: Proper tissue repair and healing after oral surgery are vital to achieve optimal outcomes. Certain medications may interfere with wound healing, but this debilitating adverse drug reaction is often not reported in the literature. It is unknown whether imatinib (Gleevec; Novartis Pharmaceuticals) interferes with gingival healing after oral surgery. Read More

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Nanotechnology and tuberculosis: An old disease with new treatment strategies.

Tuberculosis (Edinb) 2022 May 7;135:102208. Epub 2022 May 7.

Keizo Asami Institute (iLIKA), Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil; Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology, Federal University of Pernambuco/Academic Center of Vitória (UFPE/CAV), Vitória de Santo Antão, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Tuberculosis is an intracellular infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which mainly affects the lungs. Especially in patients infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or other immunosuppressed patients, tuberculosis is considered one of the infectious diseases with higher morbidity and mortality rates. Despite considerable improvements in diagnosis and treatment during the last decades, the drugs currently used in tuberculosis treatment still have limitations, such as low plasma levels after oral administration, low solubility in water, fast metabolization by the liver with a short 1/2 life and low patient adherence to treatment. Read More

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Congenital supravalvular aortic stenosis in a kitten.

Authors:
V Szatmári

J Vet Cardiol 2022 Apr 9;41:227-230. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 108, Utrecht, 3584 CM, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

A 3-month-old, male intact Norwegian forest cat without any clinical signs was referred to the cardiology service of the author's teaching hospital for evaluation of a cardiac murmur. The murmur was systolic with an intensity of 4 out of 6 with the point of maximal intensity at the left heart base. Echocardiography revealed a moderate mitral valve regurgitation and a moderate dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction both resulting from systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (SAM). Read More

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Cases of toxic anterior segment syndrome after primary pterygium surgery.

Int Ophthalmol 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Purpose: Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) is an acute, sterile, inflammatory reaction of the anterior segment after intraocular surgeries. We aimed to report an outbreak of TASS which occurred following pterygium surgeries.

Methods: A case series. Read More

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Mapping theme trends and knowledge structure of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), a bibliometric analysis from 2010 to 2021.

Clin Rheumatol 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

School and Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Shenyang, 110002, China.

Background: Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease with a complicated pathophysiology, and treatment strategies are in desperate need of improvement. In this research, we provide the literature topic trends and knowledge structure connected to Sjögren's syndrome from the perspective of bibliometrics for further research.

Methods: We acquired 3753 publications from the PubMed database and 3880 catalogs from the Web of Science Core Collection, with a time limit of 2010 to 2021 and the search term as "Sjögren's syndrome. Read More

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Texture Analysis in Diagnosing Skin Pigmented Lesions in Normal and Polarized Light-A Preliminary Report.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 29;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, 113 S. Zeromski Street, 90-549 Lodz, Poland.

The differential diagnosis of benign nevi (BN), dysplastic nevi (DN), and melanomas (MM) represents a considerable clinical problem. These lesions are similar in clinical examination but have different prognoses and therapeutic management techniques. A texture analysis (TA) is a mathematical and statistical analysis of pixel patterns of a digital image. Read More

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A Novel Method for Digital Reconstruction of the Mucogingival Borderline in Optical Scans of Dental Plaster Casts.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 24;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 24.

Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Center for Dental Medicine, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Hugstetter Str. 55, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.

Adequate soft-tissue dimensions have been shown to be crucial for the long-term success of dental implants. To date, there is evidence that placement of dental implants should only be conducted in an area covered with attached gingiva. Modern implant planning software does not visualize soft-tissue dimensions. Read More

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Effects of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on Osteoclast Differentiation, Activity, and Cortical Bone Formation in POSTmenopausal MRONJ Patients.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 23;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Cheonan 31116, Korea.

Osteoporosis is a common metabolic bone disease in patients with diabetes, which can develop simultaneously with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in postmenopausal women. Bisphosphonate (BP) is administered to patients with both conditions and may cause medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). It affects the differentiation and function of osteoclasts as well as the thickness of the cortical bone through bone mineralization. Read More

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Relationship between Rate of Force Development of Tongue Pressure and Physical Performance.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 22;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hyogo Medical University, Nishinomiya 663-8131, Japan.

In the assessment of skeletal muscle strength, rate of force development (RFD) is clinically identified as a functional index that reflects the effects of aging, but there are few reports on RFD of the tongue. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between RFD of tongue pressure (RFD-TP) and oral and whole-body physical performance in older adults, and to clarify its characteristics. We enrolled adults aged ≥65 years with pathological occlusal contact in premolar and molar regions of teeth in the Tamba-Sasayama area, Japan, from 2017 to 2018. Read More

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Tentatively Identified (UPLC/T-TOF-MS/MS) Compounds in the Extract of Roots Exhibit In Vivo Hepatoprotection via Modulation of HNF-1α, Sirtuin-1, C/ebpα, miRNA-34a and miRNA-223.

Molecules 2022 Apr 28;27(9). Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, October 6 University (O6U), Giza 12585, Egypt.

is a plant traditionally used for the treatment of several ailments. Our study accomplished the UPLC/T-TOF-MS/MS analysis of a methanol extract of roots (MESC), in addition to lipoidal matter determination and assessment of its in vivo hepatoprotective activity. In this study, we were able to identify the major metabolites in MESC rather than the previously known isolated compounds, improving our knowledge of its chemical constituents. Read More

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Bioavailability Enhancement of Cepharanthine via Pulmonary Administration in Rats and Its Therapeutic Potential for Pulmonary Fibrosis Associated with COVID-19 Infection.

Molecules 2022 Apr 24;27(9). Epub 2022 Apr 24.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing 100850, China.

Cepharanthine (CEP) has excellent anti-SARS-CoV-2 properties, indicating its favorable potential for COVID-19 treatment. However, its application is challenged by its poor dissolubility and oral bioavailability. The present study aimed to improve the bioavailability of CEP by optimizing its solubility and through a pulmonary delivery method, which improved its bioavailability by five times when compared to that through the oral delivery method (68. Read More

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Secondary Oral Cancer after Systemic Treatment of Hematological Malignancies and Oral GVHD: A Systematic Review.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Apr 27;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Intercollegiate Faculty of Biotechnology, The University of Gdańsk and the Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland.

(1) Purpose: In this article, the authors decided to systematically review the available literature to identify potential correlations regarding secondary oral carcinoma occurring after hematological systemic treatment and oral chronic graft-versus-host disease. (2) Methods: Medline (PubMed) and Scopus (Elsevier) databases were searched, including articles from the years 2002-2022. The 33 unique results were assessed by a PRISMA flowchart, and we rejected 24 papers and included 9 articles in the review. Read More

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Regional Disparities in Caries Experience and Associating Factors of Ghanaian Children Aged 3 to 13 Years in Urban Accra and Rural Kpando.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 9;19(9). Epub 2022 May 9.

University Outpatient Clinic of Conservative/Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Magdeburger Str. 16, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.

(1) The objective of this socio-epidemiologic cross-sectional study was to investigate caries burdens in Ghanaian children aged 3 to 13 years. The main focus was the analysis of urban-rural disparities and associating socio-demographic and behavioural factors. (2) Standardized caries examination with documentation of decayed, missing, filled deciduous (dmft) and permanent teeth (DMFT) was conducted in 11 school facilities according to WHO guidelines. Read More

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Management of Breast Abscess during Breastfeeding.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 9;19(9). Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Woman, Child and Neonate, Buzzi Children Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Via L. Castelvetro 32, 20154 Milan, Italy.

(1) Background: Breast abscess (BA) is a condition leading in the majority of cases to breastfeeding interruption. Abscesses are commonly treated with antibiotics, needle aspiration or incision and drainage (I&D), but there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment. Since there are no well-defined clinical guidelines for abscess management, we conducted a retrospective, observational study with the aim of assessing ultrasound (US)-guided management of BA without surgery, regardless of the BA size. Read More

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The Effects of Alcohol Drinking on Oral Microbiota in the Chinese Population.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 8;19(9). Epub 2022 May 8.

State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Diagnosis and Therapy, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060, China.

The dysbiosis of oral microbiota is linked to numerous diseases and is associated with personal lifestyles, such as alcohol drinking. However, there is inadequate data to study the effect of alcohol drinking on oral microbiota from the Chinese population. Here, we profiled the oral microbiota of 150 healthy subjects in the Chinese population by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Read More

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Oxygen-Ozone Therapy Associated with Alpha Lipoic Acid Plus Palmitoylethanolamide and Myrrh versus Ozone Therapy in the Combined Treatment of Sciatic Pain Due to Herniated Discs: Observational Study on 318 Patients.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 7;19(9). Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Translational Medicine, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy.

Background: The aim of our observational study is to compare the therapeutic efficacy of combined treatment of oxygen-ozone therapy and oral treatment with alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) + palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) and myrrh in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain (sciatica) on radicular disc conflict from disc herniation and the results obtained with oxygen-ozone treatment alone.

Methods: We enrolled 318 patients with the neuroradiological diagnosis of disc herniation performed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and symptoms characterized by low back pain complicated by sciatica, which we divided into two groups. Group A was composed of 165 patients who were treated only with oxygen-ozone therapy with CT-guided intraforaminal technique, while the remaining 153 (Group B) have undergone combined oral treatment with ALA + PEA and myrrh. Read More

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Treatment of Peri-Implant Mucositis with Standard of Care and Bioptron Hyperlight Therapy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 7;19(9). Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy.

The aim of this study was to evaluate in a cohort of patients with peri-implant mucositis: (a) the efficacy of professional mechanical debridement therapy assisted using Bioptron Hyperlight Therapy on the reduction in periodontal indexes and (b) the reduction in total oxidative salivary stress. Forty subjects with a diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis were enrolled and randomly assigned to the Study Group (mechanical debridement therapy assisted using Bioptron Hyperlight Therapy) or Control Group (mechanical debridement therapy alone). The study duration was 6 months. Read More

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Clinical Evaluation of the Optical Filter for Autofluorescence Glasses for Oral Cancer Curing Light Exposed (GOCCLES) in the Management of Potentially Premalignant Disorders: A Retrospective Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 4;19(9). Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Head, Neck and Sense Organs, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy.

Background: Any oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) must be regularly monitored through clinical examination to detect any possible malignant transformation. Conventional intraoral exams, however, can be difficult because these conditions may resemble benign lesions. For this reason, several non-invasive diagnostic technologies have been developed to help the clinician in detecting and distinguishing between cancerous and benign lesions. Read More

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Development and Initial Validation of the Oral Health Activities Questionnaire.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 3;19(9). Epub 2022 May 3.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia.

The purpose of this study was to introduce a new Oral Health Activities Questionnaire (OHAQ, hereinafter) that examines different activities and behaviours related to the oral hygiene regimen of each analysed subject. A sample of 658 students was analysed to determine the OHAQ scale's basic metric characteristics. To determine the construct validity of the OHAQ, descriptive statistics and correlation analysis, as well as differences testing, were applied to groups of subjects on the basis of measures. Read More

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OSAS Severity and Occlusal Parameters: A Prospective Study among Adult Subjects with Comorbidities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 1;19(9). Epub 2022 May 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillo Facial Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Introduction: OSAS is an emerging public health problem. Early diagnosis in adults with comorbidities is the gold standard to avoid complications caused by a late diagnosis. The aim of the study, part of the [email protected] project, was to identify within a population with dysmetabolic comorbidities the association of occlusal clinical signs, defined by orthodontic parameters, and of the anthropometric phenotype, with the severity of OSAS. Read More

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The Influence of Frailty Syndrome and Dementia on the Convenience and Satisfaction with Oral Anticoagulation Treatment in Elderly Patients with Atrial Fibrillation.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Apr 28;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Clinical Nursing, Medical University, 51-618 Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: The impact of frailty syndrome (FS) and dementia on the convenience and satisfaction with oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is not well-known.

Aim: Assessment the impact of FS and dementia on the convenience and satisfaction with OAC treatment in 116 elderly (mean age 75.2, SD = 8. Read More

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Risk Factors for the Development of Persistent Stuttering: What Every Pediatrician Should Know.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Apr 25;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Physiotherapy, Speech-Language and Hearing Sciece and Occupational Therapy School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo 05403-010, Brazil.

Early identification and adequate treatment of children who stutter is important, since it has an impact on speech development. Considering the importance of aiding pediatricians to recognize children at risk for developing persistent stuttering, the aim of the present study was to correlate speech fluency characteristics of children, whose parents reported stuttering behaviors, to the risk factors of persistent stuttering. The participants were 419 children aged 2:0 to 11:11 years, who were divided into two groups: children with stuttering complaints (CSC), composed of children whose parents reported the presence of stuttering behaviors; and children with no stuttering complaint (CNSCs), composed of children with no stuttering behaviors. Read More

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Current Status and Trends in Research on Caries Diagnosis: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Apr 20;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Gerodontology and Special Care Dentistry Unit, Morales Meseguer Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

There are a wide variety of devices for the detection and diagnosis of caries from the initial stages. The purpose of this study was to perform a bibliometric study on research regarding caries diagnosis by identifying the contributing researchers, organizations, countries or regions, journals, and to provide an analysis of keyword co-occurrence and co-authorship networks. An advanced search was performed in Web of Science (WOS) Core Collection database, using the terms "caries diagno*" and "caries detect*" in the "topic" field, from 2013 to 2021. Read More

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Oral Health of Elderly People in Institutionalized Care and Three-Month Rehabilitation Programme in Southern Poland: A Case-Control Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Apr 20;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodontics, Institute of Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31008 Krakow, Poland.

Demographic ageing is a global growing process and the quality of ageing is an important parameter in this process. The aim of the study was to analyse the distribution of remaining dentition in relation to oral hygiene indicators among elderly people remaining in institutional care and those who participated in a 3-month rehabilitation program, aimed at increasing time of independent functioning, in southern Poland. The patients underwent a questionnaire and clinical examination. Read More

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Expression Profiles of GILZ and Annexin A1 in Human Oral Candidiasis and Lichen Planus.

Cells 2022 Apr 27;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Oral Biology and Diagnostic Sciences, The Dental College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

Adrenal glands are the major source of glucocorticoids, but recent studies indicate tissue-specific production of cortisol, including that in the oral mucosa. Both endogenous and exogenous glucocorticoids regulate the production of several proteins, including the glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) and Annexin A1, which play important roles in the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses. Common inflammation-associated oral conditions include lichen planus and candidiasis, but the status of GILZ and Annexin A1 in these human conditions remains to be established. Read More

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