148,323 results match your criteria Oral Examination


Crohn's disease initiated with extraintestinal features.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 20;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Crohn's disease (CD) is a multifactorial, chronic immune-mediated disorder. The oral cavity is involved in 0.5% to 20% of the patients with CD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-229916DOI Listing

Disease of the past re-emerging in modern Australian society.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 20;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Blacktown Hospital, Blacktown, New South Wales, Australia.

A 28-year-old man with fever, atraumatic lower limb pain and rash was noted to have multiple areas of ecchymosis involving both lower limbs. He was anaemic and also had a grossly swollen left leg. Differential diagnoses of compartment syndrome, vascular tear, platelet and clotting factor disorders, vasculitis and myositis were ruled out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228448DOI Listing

The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome and dentofacial anomalies diagnostic: Case reports and literature review.

Int Orthod 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University Lille 2, Roger-Salengro hospital, department of maxillofacial surgery, 59000 Lille, France; Controlled Drug Delivery Systems and Biomaterials, Inserm U 1008, 59000 Lille, France.

Objective: Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive disorder. It is due to a deficiency of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7) that catalyses the reduction of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC) to cholesterol. The aim of this review is to gather all information, concerning diagnostic characteristics of this syndrome, with an emphasis on intraoral symptom presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ortho.2019.03.020DOI Listing

Evaluation of a Lectin-Based Imaging System for the Chairside Detection of Oral Dysplasia and Malignancy.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Chief of Surgery, Chief and Fellowship Director, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, North Memorial Medical Center, Robbinsdale, MN. Electronic address:

Purpose: Currently available oral cancer screening adjuncts do not have enhanced clinical screening methods because of high false positives and negatives, highlighting the need for a molecularly specific technique for accurate screening of suspicious oral lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vivo screening accuracy of an oral lesion identification system that evaluates aberrant glycosylation patterns using a fluorescently labeled lectin (wheat germ agglutinin and fluorescein isothiocyanate [WGA-FITC]).

Materials And Methods: The authors designed and implemented a prospective cohort study at 3 institutions composed of patients with and without suspicious oral lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2019.03.012DOI Listing

Oral health-related quality of life among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis.

Clin Rheumatol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Oral Pathology and Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in comparison with individuals with no RA.

Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 112 individuals distributed into two groups. Group 1 (G1) consisted of 42 RA individuals and group 2 (G2) consisted of 70 individuals without RA. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10067-019-04555-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-019-04555-9DOI Listing
April 2019
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Reliability of marginal bone level measurements on digital panoramic and digital intraoral radiographs.

Oral Radiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Department of Clinical Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of bitewing and panoramic radiographs in marginal bone level measurements in terms of inter- and intra-observer agreement.

Methods: Fifty paired bitewing and panoramic images were used. Eight observers measured marginal bone level at the mesial and distal surfaces of tooth 25 and tooth 35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11282-019-00387-0DOI Listing

Gemifloxacin-Induced Allergic Myocardial Infarction: A Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Muğla University, Muğla, Turkey.

Background: Gemifloxacin given once daily for 5-7 days has been shown to be non-inferior to, or in some instances superior to, comparator agents for the treatment of common lower respiratory tract infections. Gemifloxacin is generally well tolerated and is as safe as many frequently empirically prescribed antimicrobials.

Case Report: We report a case of a 46-year-old woman given gemifloxacin for an upper respiratory tract infection who developed allergic myocardial infarction 15 min after taking an oral dose of 320 mg gemifloxacin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.03.001DOI Listing

Accuracy of Different Imaging CBCT Systems for the Detection of Natural External Radicular Resorption Cavities: An Ex Vivo Study.

J Endod 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Life Sciences - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of 3 different systems of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the detection of natural external root resorption (ERR) cavities using microtomography as the gold standard.

Method: A sample of 126 ex vivo teeth were submitted to a microtomography examination to verify the presence/absence of ERR cavities. Then, they were divided into the control group: 85 teeth that did not present with an ERR cavity; and experimental group: 41 teeth that presented with 1 or more ERR cavities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2019.02.020DOI Listing

Developing a new intelligent system for the diagnosis of oral medicine with case-based reasoning approach.

Oral Dis 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Since the clinical manifestations of many oral diseases can be quite similar despite the wide variety in etiology and pathology, the differential diagnosis of oral diseases is a complex and challenging process. Intelligent system for differential diagnosis of oral medicine using the artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities, helps specialists in achieving differential diagnosis in a wide range of oral diseases.

Materials And Methods: First, the essential data elements to design and develop an intelligent system were identified in a cross-sectional descriptive study. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/odi.13108
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13108DOI Listing
April 2019
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Idiopathic anaphylaxis.

Clin Exp Allergy 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Allergy and Immunology, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.

Idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA) or spontaneous anaphylaxis is a diagnosis of exclusion when no cause can be identified. The exact incidence and prevalence of IA is not known. The clinical manifestations of IA are similar to other known causes of anaphylaxis. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cea.13402
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cea.13402DOI Listing
April 2019
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Survival benefit for patients treated in a certified head and neck tumor center.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 Apr;23(7):2863-2869

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Objective: Increasing effort has been put in the implementation and certification of head and neck tumor centers in order to establish standardized, quality assured health care for head and neck tumor patients. This study evaluated survival rates after treatment in a certified head and neck tumor center (CHNTC) vs. a non-certified head and neck tumor center (non-CHNTC) in Middle Franconia, Germany. Read More

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http://www.europeanreview.org/article/17564
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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201904_17564DOI Listing
April 2019
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The use of crevicular fluid to assess markers of inflammation and angiogenesis, IL-17 and VEGF, in patients with solid tumors receiving zoledronic acid and/or bevacizumab.

Support Care Cancer 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1st Oncology Department, 'Metropolitan Hospital', 9 Ethnarxou Makariou Avenue, Piraeus, Greece.

Purpose: Crevicular fluid was used to assess interleukin-17 (IL-17) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cancer patients receiving zoledronic acid and/or bevacizumab. The markers were also assessed in the serum.

Methods: Twenty-five patients were included and comprised three groups: patients who received zoledronic acid (n = 9), patients who received bevacizumab (n = 9), and patients who received zoledronic acid combined with bevacizumab (n = 5). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-04793-2DOI Listing

Central Nervous System Involvement by Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia: A Case Report of the Bing-Neel Syndrome.

Case Rep Hematol 2019 14;2019:4075960. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University Drive C, 8th Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15240, USA.

Bing-Neel syndrome (BNS) is a rare complication of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) defined by a lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS). Patients present with a range of neurologic symptoms of variable severity. Diagnosis requires a low threshold of suspicion and is considered in WM patients with unexplained neurologic symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4075960DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437752PMC

The Swallowing Clinical Assessment Score in Parkinson's Disease (SCAS-PD) Is a Valid and Low-Cost Tool for Evaluation of Dysphagia: A Gold-Standard Comparison Study.

J Aging Res 2019 13;2019:7984635. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Graduate Program in Biomedical Gerontology, School of Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: Dysphagia is a predictor of mortality in Parkinson's disease (PD). Developing alternative methods to videofluoroscopy swallowing study (VFSS) for the evaluation of dysphagia is a public health necessity. The is an alternative and low-cost tool for diagnosis of dysphagia, but had not been properly validated in comparison to the gold-standard method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7984635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436359PMC
March 2019
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Bilateral Bifid mandibular canals - Special relevance for a general dental practitioner. Report of 2 cases.

J Clin Exp Dent 2019 Mar 1;11(3):e287-e289. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

BDS. College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University. Smithfield, Queensland - 4878. Australia.

Dental practitioners may encounter bifid mandibular canals upon radiographic assessment, and may not understand the true extent of this presentation. The presentation of a bifid mandibular canal poses difficulties when carrying out dental procedures, including administration of mandibular block anaesthesia, oral surgical procedures of the lower third molars, orthognathic surgery and implant placement. Therefore it is of paramount importance that general dental practitioners be aware of the radiographic appearance, as incorrect diagnosis of this rare presentation can lead to detrimental consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.55575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461729PMC

Early identification of permanent maxillary canine impaction: A radiographic comparative study in a Mexican population.

J Clin Exp Dent 2019 Mar 1;11(3):e282-e286. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

DDS, MSc, PhD, Pediatric Dentistry Postgraduate Program, Faculty of Dentistry, San Luis Potosi University, San Luis Potosí, SLP, México.

Background: Opportune diagnosis, prediction, and interceptive treatment of permanent maxillary canine (PMC) impaction is fundamental for pediatric dentists and orthodontists. In children and young adolescents, diagnostic information obtained from a panoramic radiograph is valuable for the overview and prediction of a potential PMC ectopic eruption into the oral cavity. The aim of the present study was to calculate and compare the prevalence of impaction of PMC in a Mexican pediatric sample (7 to 13 years old), through the use of the Ericson & Kurol (EK/L) and the Power & Short (PS) measurement analyses performed on panoramic radiographs. Read More

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http://www.medicinaoral.com/medoralfree01/aop/55285.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.55285DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461733PMC
March 2019
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CD73 a novel marker for the diagnosis of benign and malignant salivary gland tumors.

J Clin Exp Dent 2019 Mar 1;11(3):e213-e218. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Undergraduate Student, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) plays an important role in the development of several types of cancer; however, its prognostic significance in salivary gland tumors remains unknown. The current study was conducted to investigate the expression of CD73 in such tumors.

Material And Methods: In this retrospective study, immunohistochemical expression of CD73 was evaluated in 25 pleomorphic adenomas, 20 mucoepidermoid carcinomas and 20 adenoid cystic carcinomas using the Envision technique. Read More

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http://www.medicinaoral.com/medoralfree01/aop/54918.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.54918DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461735PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Impact of Etiology on Efficacy of Oral Triclofos in Recording Pediatric Electroencephalography: A Tertiary Care Center Study.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):234-237

Department of Neurology, Niloufer Children's Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background And Objectives: Oral triclofos is a frequently used sedative in pediatric age to record sleep Electroencephalography (EEG). This study is aimed to assess efficacy, safety profile, need for second dose, and rescheduling of oral triclofos in relation to etiology.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective study done enrolling all children aged 6 months to 5 years referred for EEG over 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_280_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454965PMC

Oral Health Behavior and Treatment Needs among Drug Addicts and Controls in Amritsar District: A Case-controlled Study.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):201-206

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, PGIDS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Background: Substance and drug abuse is associated with severe psychosocial problems, violence and health complications.

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the oral hygiene status and sugar eating patterns among drug addicts with their age, gender and socio-economic status matched controls.

Settings And Design: The present study comprised of two groups-Group A comprised of 100 drug addicts and Group B included 100 controls. Read More

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http://www.ruralneuropractice.com/text.asp?2019/10/2/201/254
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_309_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454970PMC
April 2019
1 Read

The neurological syndromes associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies.

J Autoimmun 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic, Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA; University of Guanajuato, Mexico. Electronic address:

A number of neurological syndromes have been described in patients with positive serum antibodies (Abs) against the enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the rate limiting step in the synthesis of GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid). These disorders include: classical stiff-person syndrome and variants, cerebellar ataxia, limbic and extra-limbic encephalitis, nystagmus/oculomotor dysfunction, drug-resistant epilepsy, paraneoplastic stiff-person syndrome and progressive encephalopathy with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM), the latter two are mainly related to amphiphysin and the glycine receptor Abs respectively; but patients may also have positive GAD-Abs. Although observations are consistent with an autoimmune response in these patients and there is evidence of GABAergic dysfunction in some cases; the pathogenic role of GAD-Abs in the nervous system has not been clarified and it is a matter of debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaut.2019.04.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Clinical utility of genomic analysis in adults with idiopathic liver disease.

J Hepatol 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Digestive Diseases, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Department of Pathology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Adult patients suffering from liver disease of unknown cause represent an understudied and underserved population. The use of whole-exome sequencing (WES) for the assessment of a broader spectrum of non-oncological diseases, among adults, remains poorly studied. We assessed the utility of WES in the diagnosis and management of adults with unexplained liver disease despite comprehensive evaluation by a hepatologist and with no history of alcohol overuse. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01688278193011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2019.01.036DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of preoperative amino acid supplements on postoperative physical function and complications in open heart surgery patients: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

J Cardiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Background: Elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery often show poor nutritional status, muscle wasting, and sarcopenia, which are reported to affect postoperative functional recovery and incidence of complications. Amino acids are essential in maintaining nutritional status, synthesizing muscle protein, and promoting beneficial energy balance of the heart muscle. β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyric acid (HMB) is a leucine metabolite known to increase muscle protein synthesis and inhibit protein catabolism; it has been used to more effectively support patients with muscle wasting due to wearing diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Oral Melanomas: A Case Series of a Deadly Neoplasm.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Attending, University of Florida College of Dentistry, Gainesville, FL.

Purpose: To describe and discuss the demographic and clinical features of oral melanomas, which are relatively rare but deadly neoplasms, and list the criteria for their diagnosis to increase early detection.

Materials And Methods: An institutional review board-approved retrospective search of oral melanomas was performed in the archives of the University of Florida Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Biopsy Service (Gainesville, FL) from 2015 through 2018. Exclusion criteria included cases with inconclusive diagnosis, skin involvement, and missing clinical data or slide material. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782391193034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2019.03.018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A New Face Subunit Transplant Model in Mice, Containing Skin, Mandible, and Oral Mucosa for Future Face Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation Studies.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: In immunologic research, mice have advantages over other animals, such as low costs, easy handling, suitable lifecycle, and adequate laboratory resources. However, mice vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) surgery is not popular, partly because of technical difficulties and high mortality rates. Our goal was to demonstrate a face transplantation model in mice that includes skin, mandible and oral mucosa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005774DOI Listing
April 2019
2.993 Impact Factor

Presentation, Management, and Outcome of Lingual Thyroglossal Duct Cyst in Pediatric and Adult Populations.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing, China.

Lingual thyroglossal duct cysts (LTDCs) are rare congenital anomalies of the neck. The authors described the presentation, management, and outcome of LTDC in pediatric and adult cases through a retrospective observational analysis between 2008 and 2018. Data included patients' demographics, main complaint, preoperative investigations, surgical management, and recurrences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005522DOI Listing
April 2019
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0.676 Impact Factor

Condyle dislocation following mandibular reconstruction using a fibula free flap: complication cases.

Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Dec 1;41(1):14. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yonsei University, College of Dentistry, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722 Republic of Korea.

Background: Condylar dislocation can arise as a complication in patients who required mandibular and/or condylar reconstruction and were operated on with fibula free flap (FFF) using surgical guides designed using simulation surgery. Surgeons should be aware of the complications in these present cases when planning and performing reconstructions as well as predicting prognoses.

Cases Presentation: Two cases showed condylar dislocation in mandibular reconstruction using a FFF fixed with a reconstruction plate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40902-019-0197-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441667PMC
December 2019

Submandibular sialolithiasis: A series of three case reports with review of literature.

Clin Pract 2019 Jan 20;9(1):1119. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Haldia Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Haldia, West Bengal, India.

One of the most common disorders of the salivary glands is sialolithiasis. A history of pain or/and swelling in the salivary glands, especially during meal suggests this diagnosis. For small and accessible stones conservative therapies like milking of ducts with palliative therapy can produce satisfactory results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/cp.2019.1119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444375PMC
January 2019

Dermoid Cysts of the Maxillofacial Region: Case Series.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Jun 11;18(2):238-244. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

2Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Barwala, Panchkula, Haryana India.

The maxillofacial region can be affected by a number of subcutaneous pathologic conditions that include developmental, inflammatory, infective and neoplastic entities. Many of these lesions present as a soft to firm painless swelling. Differential diagnosis of such lesions requires thorough knowledge of maxillofacial pathology as well as anatomy to come to a correct diagnosis and provide effective treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-1129-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441455PMC

Epidemiological Study of the Socioeconomic Impact of Mandible Fractures in a Spanish Tertiary Hospital: Review of the Literature.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Jun 28;18(2):217-223. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

1Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Miguel Servet University Hospital, Paseo Isabel la Católica, 1-3, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.

Introduction: Mandibles fractures are one of the most frequent pathologies treated in an Oral and Maxillofacial Department and represent a serious public health problem.

Materials And Methods: We present a retrospective study of patients treated for mandible fractures by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department in a Spanish tertiary hospital during 2010-2012.

Results: One hundred and thirty-nine patients with 201 mandible fracture sites were assisted in our department; 15% were female and 85% were male, with a male-to-female ratio of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-1148-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441432PMC

Systematic Review of Lesser Known Parasitoses: Maxillofacial Dirofilariasis.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Jun 2;18(2):180-189. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

6Department of Pathology, AIIMS Jodhpur, Jodhpur, India.

Background: Dirofilariasis is an endemic disease in tropical and subtropical countries caused by about 40 different species of dirofilari. Dirofilariasis of the oral cavity is extremely rare and is usually seen as mucosal or submucosal nodules. We also present a case of dirofilariasis of the mandibular third molar region submucosally in a 26 year old male patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-1139-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441424PMC

Fungal Rhinosinusitis: Unravelling the Disease Spectrum.

Authors:
Virendra Singh

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Jun 28;18(2):164-179. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, PGIDS, Pt. BD Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana 124001 India.

Fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS), once considered a rare disease, has seen a steep rise in incidence in recent times. This global rise in the burden of fungal disease is a consequence of an increment in the population with weakened immune systems. Increased life expectancy with rise in conditions like diabetes mellitus, medical advancements with invasive interventions, use of immunosuppressive drugs and chemo-radiotherapy all lead to unique risk situations. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12663-018-01182-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-01182-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441414PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Identification of a novel ANO5 missense mutation in a Chinese family with familial florid osseous dysplasia.

J Hum Genet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Oral Maxillofacial-Head Neck Oncology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Familial florid osseous dysplasia (FFOD) is an autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue, characterized by lobulated cementum-like masses scattered throughout the jaws and the alveolar process. This study aimed to identify the genetic etiology of a three-generation Chinese family affected with FFOD. A novel missense mutation p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-019-0601-9DOI Listing

IgG4-related Periarteritis Successfully Diagnosed by an Alternative Prostate Biopsy: A Case Report.

Intern Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Japan.

A 56-year-old man was referred to our facility after developing edema in his right leg. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a periarterial soft tissue mass surrounding the right iliac artery compressing the iliac vein. His elevated serum IgG4 level indicated IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2723-19DOI Listing

Syphilitic Cervicitis with Cervical Cancer Presenting as Oropharyngeal Syphilis: A Case Report.

Intern Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of General Internal Medicine, Akashi Medical Center, Japan.

We herein report a patient with syphilitic cervicitis and cervical cancer presenting as oropharyngeal syphilis. A 31-year-old Japanese woman with a history of unprotected vaginal and oral sex visited our hospital with right submandibular adenomas and erythema in the extremities. The fornix uteri was red, with a nodule noted. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/internalmedicine/advpub
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2426-18DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Superior Laryngeal Nerve Neuralgia: Case Series and Review of Anterior Neck Pain Syndromes.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 17:145561318823373. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

2 Department of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, MetroHealth Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Superior laryngeal nerve neuralgia (SLNN) is an anterior neck pain syndrome that is underrecognized and, as a result, is often misdiagnosed. We present a series of patients who were diagnosed with and subsequently treated for SLNN. Nineteen patients were treated with oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and/or a therapeutic neck injection with 2% lidocaine and 40% triamcinolone acetonide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561318823373DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Caustic Agents Ingestion in Children: A 51-Year Retrospective Cohort Study.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 17:145561319843109. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

3 Clinic of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Objectives: Children experience serious gastrointestinal tract injuries due to consumption of caustic agents more often than adults. The aim of the study was to analyze diagnostic methods and treatment of children with esophageal burns according to the degree of the injury.

Methods: Our one-center population-based retrospective cohort study included 150 children admitted between 1967 and 2018 to Clinic of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Phoniatrics and Audiology of University Children's Hospital in Lublin, Poland, due to the chemical burn of the mouth, throat, larynx, and esophagus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319843109DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mucosal vitiligo in angles of the mouth: clinical and fluorescence aspects.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):330-332. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Research Center on Biological Chemistry (NQBio), Federal University of São João del-Rei (UFSJ), Divinópolis, MG, Brasil.

Vitiligo is the most common depigmenting, chronic acquired disease of the skin and mucosa. However, vitiligo of an unclassified type and mucosal subtype affecting only one area of the mucosa is considered quite uncommon. The diagnosis of vitiligo, regardless of its type, is clinical. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.330DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A Novel in Situ Bone Elevation Method to Achieve Vertical Periodontal Augmentation in Dogs: A Pilot Study.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Periodontology, Nangjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210008, P.R. China.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a novel in situ interdental bone elevation method could achieve vertical bone augmentation around natural teeth.

Methods: Horizontal periodontal bone defects were created at nine quadrants of mandibles in five dogs. Six weeks later, one of the nine quadrants was randomly chosen as the model control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12800DOI Listing
January 2019

Entecavir-Associated Thrombocytopenia: A Case Report and Review of the Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment of a Rare but Reversible Cause of Thrombocytopenia.

Case Rep Hematol 2019 12;2019:4319148. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, Dallas, Texas 75231, USA.

Drug-associated thrombocytopenia is often unrecognized. We report a 76-year-old female with lymphoma who presented with easy bruising and oral bleeding. She had undergone screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) prior to starting rituximab and was found to have hepatitis B core serum antibody (IgG anti-HBc). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crihem/2019/4319148/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4319148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434310PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Utility of DNA-Specific Stains in Micronuclei Assay as a Marker of Genotoxicity in Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

J Cytol 2019 Apr-Jun;36(2):111-115

Department of Oral Pathology, I.T.S-CDSR, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: The term oral potentially malignant disorder (OPMD) was recommended to refer to precancer as it conveys that not all disorders described under this term may transform into cancer. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) arises through an accumulation of genetic alterations, deoxy ribonucleic acid (DNA) changes, and epigenetic alterations. Thus, a simple yet a sensitive and specific test for early diagnosis is the need of an hour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JOC.JOC_230_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425778PMC
April 2019
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Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome Diagnosis and Therapy in a Single Chinese Center.

Clin Ther 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology of National Health Commission, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) is a relatively rare cause of hypoglycemia characterized by endogenous hyperinsulinism and autoantibodies against endogenous insulin despite no prior exposure to exogenous insulin. We present a series of IAS cases and describe the clinical characteristics of these cases.

Methods: The medical records of inpatients with the final diagnosis of IAS were collected from August 2007 to August 2017 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01492918193012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2019.03.009DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Parents' Preferences and Perceptions of Their Children's Consumption of Sugar and Non-nutritive Sugar Substitutes.

Pediatr Dent 2019 Mar;41(2):119-128

Dr. Woods is a professor and a director, Division of Oral Diagnosis, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis.

The purpose of this study was to investigate opinions and preferences of parents from various sociodemographics regarding sugar and both natural and artificial non-nutritive sugar substitutes (NNS). Oral interview surveys were conducted in dental practice settings. Parents were asked about demographics, their consumption of and feelings about sugar and NNS for themselves and their children, and their concerns regarding NNS. Read More

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Pachyonychia Congenita Associated with a Novel Variant of KRT17 Presenting Unusual Oral Manifestations.

J Dent Child (Chic) 2019 Jan;86(1):61-63

Assistant professor, Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University and a research director, Division of Dentistry, Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a rare autosomal dominant condition caused by heterozygous mutation in one of five keratin genes. The purpose of this paper is to report a five-day-old infant with PC whose initial presentation revealed multiple malformed natal teeth and gingival lesions on the alveolar crest. Further investiga- tions led to genetic molecular testing of the child and his parents, which revealed a de novo and novel missense variant of KRT17 (c. Read More

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January 2019

Oromandibular Dystonia Causing Recurrent Mandibular Open Lock in Two Adolescents Managed with Botulinum Toxin.

J Dent Child (Chic) 2019 Jan;86(1):47-52

Professor, chief and director, Orofacial Pain Program, Department of Oral Health Science, both at the University of Kentucky School of Dentistry, Lexington, KY., USA.

Mandibular open lock is a condition in which the patient is unable to close his/her mouth. This is an uncommon condition in children and adolescents that, when recurrent, can severely affect their quality of life. It can also prove to be a challenge for the clinician. Read More

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January 2019
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Leiomyomatous Hamartomas of the Oral Cavity: Clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical Features of 4 Cases and Literature Review.

Int J Surg Pathol 2019 Apr 16:1066896919843337. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

5 Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Objective: To present 4 new cases of oral leiomyomatous hamartomas (OLH), describing its clinical, microscopical, and immunohistochemical features, and a literature review.

Methods: The OLH cases were retrieved from the files of 2 Brazilian and 1 Peruvian oral pathology services. Clinical data were obtained from the pathology reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896919843337DOI Listing

Acute and sub-chronic oral toxicity studies of hesperidin isolated from orange peel extract in Sprague Dawley rats.

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Apr 13;105:77-85. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Pharmacology, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Erandwane, Paud Road, Pune, 411038, India. Electronic address:

Citrus sinensis contains glycoside hesperetin-7-rhamnoglucoside (hesperidin) which harbor an array of therapeutic potentials including antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory. However, a systematic examination of safety is needed before its utilization. Hence, the present investigation is aimed to evaluate acute and sub-chronic toxicity of hesperidin isolated from the citrus fruit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Common Breast Problems.

Am Fam Physician 2019 Apr;99(8):505-514

Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Palpable breast masses, mastalgia, and nipple discharge are commonly encountered symptoms in outpatient practice, causing significant patient anxiety and precipitating medical consultation. The initial workup includes a detailed clinical history and physical examination. Women presenting with a breast mass will require imaging and further assessment to exclude cancer. Read More

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April 2019
1 Read