158,278 results match your criteria Oral Examination


Postoperative Utilization of Oral Nutritional Supplements in Surgical Patients in US Hospitals.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

CAPER Unit Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Postoperative nutrition delivery is essential to surgical recovery; unfortunately, postoperative dietary intake is often poor. Recent surgical guidelines recommend use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) to improve nutrition delivery. Our aim was to examine prevalence of coded ONS use over time and coded malnutrition rates in postoperative patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpen.1862DOI Listing

KRAS mutations in brown tumor of the jaws in hyperparathyroidism.

J Oral Pathol Med 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Pathology, Institute of Biological Science, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Background: Brown tumors are giant cell-rich lesions that result from abnormal bone metabolism in hyperparathyroidism, one of the most common endocrine disorders worldwide. Brown tumors occasionally affect the jaws and, despite well-known clinical and microscopic features, their molecular pathogenesis remains unclear. We investigated the presence of pathogenic activating mutations in TRPV4, FGFR1 and KRAS in a cohort of brown tumors since these have recently been reported in giant-cell lesions of the jaws and non-ossifying fibromas of the bones (FGFR1 and KRAS), which are histologic mimics of brown tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jop.13048DOI Listing

COVID-19 Pandemic and Role of Human Saliva as a Testing Biofluid in Point-of-Care Technology.

Eur J Dent 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has termed as a controllable pandemic, and the entire world has come to a standstill trying to mitigate the disease with health systems. Health care providers, around the globe, are fighting day and night. Currently, rapid testing is taking place with the help of nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal swab, bronchoalveolar lavage, sputum, urine, and blood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1713020DOI Listing

Tapia Syndrome Following Cervical Laminoplasty: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

World Neurosurg 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Richmond, VA, USA.

Tapia syndrome is a rare complication of surgical positioning with resulting unilateral cranial nerve X and XII deficits that may provide diagnostic challenges in the peri-operative period. Timely diagnosis will facilitate obtaining the necessary supportive care while preventing unnecessary work-up and procedures. The following case report illustrates a patient that developed Tapia Syndrome immediately following a posterior cervical laminoplasties with eventual resolution of symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.05.221DOI Listing

Supraclavicular Artery Island Flap: Critical Appraisal and Comparison to Alternate Reconstruction.

Laryngoscope 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

USC Caruso Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: The supraclavicular artery island (SAI) flap may be a good option for selected head and neck reconstruction due to its reliability, ease of harvest, and favorable color match. The objective of this study was to examine the rates of complications for the SAI flap in head and neck oncologic reconstruction, with examination of risk factors and comparisons to alternative flaps often considered the gold-standard soft-tissue flaps for head and neck reconstruction: the pectoralis myocutaneous (PMC), radial forearm free flap (RFFF), and anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28706DOI Listing

Efficacy and Safety of Abrocitinib in Patients With Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Dermatol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Pfizer Inc, Groton, Connecticut.

Importance: Abrocitinib, an oral, once-daily Janus kinase 1 selective inhibitor, was effective and well tolerated in a phase 3 monotherapy trial of patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD).

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of abrocitinib in adolescents and adults with moderate-to-severe AD in an identically designed trial.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This phase 3, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group randomized clinical trial included patients 12 years or older with a clinical diagnosis of moderate-to-severe AD for at least 1 year and inadequate response to topical medications given for at least 4 weeks within 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamadermatol.2020.1406DOI Listing

Treatment of myofascial pain with a rapid laser therapy protocol compared to occlusal splint: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial.

Cranio 2020 Jun 3:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Stomatology, Federal University of Santa Maria , Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To compare the effect of a rapid low-level laser therapy (LLLT) protocol to Michigan occlusal splint in the treatment of myofascial pain, as well as to evaluate their impact on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL).

Methods: Thirty participants were randomly allocated into three groups: G1: occlusal splint (n = 11), G2: LLLT (n = 10), and G3: LLLT placebo (n = 9). LLLT and placebo were applied in the points of pain upon palpation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08869634.2020.1773661DOI Listing

Effect of computer-assisted-learning and simulation clinics on dental students' cognitive and performance skills: panoramic image errors related to patient's head position.

Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2020 Jun 3:20200154. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Section for Oral Radiology, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Health Faculty, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: To assess dental students' ability to recognize head positioning errors in panoramic (PAN) images after individual learning via computer-assisted-learning (CAL) and in a simulation clinic (SIM). Both cognitive skills and performance in patient examination were assessed.

Methods And Materials: Sixty students (mean age 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/dmfr.20200154DOI Listing

High-intensity focused ultrasound ablation of muscle in an anticoagulated swine model.

Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol 2020 Jun 3:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Image-guided non-invasive high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been gaining recognition in treating musculoskeletal tumors and desmoids. However, there is no consensus on the appropriate perioperative management for patients on ongoing anticoagulation who undergo HIFU ablation. Image-guided HIFU treatment was performed in swine on an ongoing oral anticoagulation protocol ( = 5) in two treatment sessions seven days apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13645706.2020.1760301DOI Listing

Detecting head and neck squamous carcinoma using a portable handheld electronic nose.

Head Neck 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Detecting volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath enables the diagnosis of cancer. We investigated whether a handheld version of an electronic nose is able to discriminate between patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) and healthy controls.

Methods: Ninety-one patients with HNSCC and 72 controls exhaled through an e-nose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.26293DOI Listing

Well-maintained patients with a history of periodontitis still harbor a more disbiotic microbiome than health.

J Periodontol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Periodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Background: It remains unclear whether well-maintained subjects, with periodontitis in the past, effectively treated, and maintained for a long time, have the same subgingival microbiome as healthy subjects. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the subgingival microbiome in well-maintained patients with a history of periodontitis compared with healthy subjects.

Materials And Methods: We recruited in 17 well-maintained individuals (no evidence of clinical inflammation and progress of periodontitis) and 21 healthy individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JPER.19-0498DOI Listing

Digital per-oral cholangioscopy to diagnose and manage biliary duct disorders: a single-center retrospective study.

Endosc Int Open 2020 Jun 25;8(6):E796-E804. Epub 2020 May 25.

Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Division, Instituto Ecuatoriano de Enfermedades Digestivas (IECED), Guayaquil, Ecuador.

Digital, per-oral cholangioscopy (POCS) allows diagnosis of biliary ducts disorders and treatment for complicated stones. We aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of digital POCS systems for stricture lesions and the factors precluding complete biliary stone clearance. We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospective database of 265 consecutive patients referred for POCS between December 2016 and July 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1153-8950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247902PMC

Evaluating the stress and its association with stressors among the dental undergraduate students of Kanpur city, India: A cross-sectional study.

J Educ Health Promot 2020 31;9:56. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Dental education can be a critical wellspring of stress among dental students, and studies have observed higher levels of stress among dental students than in the all-inclusive community. The present study aims to evaluate the perceived stress among dental undergraduate students, the sources of stress, and an association of perceived stress with sociodemographic characteristics and various stressors.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 380 undergraduate dental students (from 1 year to final year) in a private dental college, Kanpur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_405_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255575PMC

A case of pembrolizumab-induced hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis successfully treated with pulse glucocorticoid therapy.

Respir Med Case Rep 2020 19;30:101097. Epub 2020 May 19.

Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Showa General Hospital, Kodaira City, Japan.

Treatments using immune checkpoint inhibitors such as pembrolizumab lead to immune mediated adverse effects including hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Herein, we present a case where HLH developed after pembrolizumab administration, which was treated using high dose prednisolone. He developed high-grade fever complicated with liver dysfunction and diarrhea 7 days after pembrolizumab administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2020.101097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260580PMC

Comparison of readmissions among hospitalized nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients treated with oral anticoagulants in the United States.

J Drug Assess 2020 24;9(1):87-96. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Novosys Health, Green Brook, NJ, USA.

To compare the risks of 1-month all-cause, major bleeding (MB)-related and stroke-related readmissions and the associated hospital resource use and costs among patients previously hospitalized for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and treated with warfarin, rivaroxaban, and dabigatran vs apixaban. Adult patients hospitalized with NVAF (any discharge diagnosis position) who received apixaban, warfarin, rivaroxaban, or dabigatran during hospitalization were identified from the Premier database (1 January 2013-30 June 2017) and grouped into respective cohorts. Propensity score matching was used to generate cohorts with similar characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21556660.2020.1750418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7241468PMC

Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of the selective prostacyclin receptor agonist ralinepag in single and multiple dosing studies of an immediate-release oral formulation in healthy volunteers.

Pulm Circ 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):2045894020922814. Epub 2020 May 14.

Clinical Development Department, Arena Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.

Ralinepag (APD811), an oral, potent, and selective prostacyclin receptor (IP) agonist is being developed for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Two, single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 1 studies (single ascending dose and multiple ascending dose) evaluated an oral immediate-release capsule formulation of ralinepag in healthy subjects. Blood samples assessed plasma pharmacokinetics and safety and tolerability data monitored adverse events, vital signs, laboratory findings, physical examination, and electrocardiograms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2045894020922814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238799PMC

Emerging functions and clinical applications of exosomes in human oral diseases.

Cell Biosci 2020 24;10:68. Epub 2020 May 24.

The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Exosomes are cell-derived membranous vesicles of endosomal origin secreted by all type of cells and present in various body fluids. Exosomes are enriched in peptides, lipids, and nucleic acids, emerging as vital modulators in intercellular communication. Exosomes are increasingly being evaluated as biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of diseases, because the constituents of exosomes could be reprogrammed depending on the states of diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13578-020-00424-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245751PMC

The prevalence of suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia in Scottish intensive care units.

J Intensive Care Soc 2020 May 12;21(2):140-147. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow, UK.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia is the most common healthcare-associated infection in mechanically ventilated patients. Despite this, accurate diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia is difficult owing to the variety of criteria that exist. In this prospective national audit, we aim to quantify the existence of patients with suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia that would not be detected by our standard healthcare-associated infection screening process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1751143719854984DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238468PMC

Nivolumab in metastatic melanoma: good efficacy and tolerability in elderly patients.

Curr Oncol 2020 Apr 1;27(2):e75-e80. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, Section of Medical Oncology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Background: Nivolumab is an anti-PD-1 antibody that restores the antitumour immune function of T cells, blocking the binding of PD-1 with its ligand PD-L1. PD-1 is expressed on T cells and interacts with PD-L1 on tumour cells. The PD-1-PD-L1 link inhibits T cell activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5293DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253741PMC

Self-perception and physician's awareness on early detection of tongue cancer: experience of the Oral Medicine Unit of Trieste.

Minerva Stomatol 2020 Apr;69(2):95-99

Unit of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Background: The objective of this retrospective study was to characterize the outpatient oral medicine referral pattern for tongue lesions with particular emphasis on cancer.

Methods: Records of patients referred to the Oral Medicine department for any tongue lesions needing biopsy between 2009 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. All cases diagnosed as tongue cancer were screened for medical history, referral pattern, treatment/diagnosis/follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4970.19.04212-2DOI Listing

Simplified basic periodontal examination in adolescents before and after a tailored treatment dental program.

Minerva Stomatol 2020 Apr;69(2):72-78

Unit of Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular Pathology and Critical Area, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a tailored treatment dental program in adolescents in combination with a professional oral hygiene.

Methods: Ninety-three adolescents (43 males and 50 females; mean age: 14±1.1 years) were included in this study and Plaque Index (PI) and simplified basic periodontal examination (BPE) were measured for each patient at T0 (screening) and at T1 (after 30 days). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4970.20.04253-3DOI Listing

[Therapeutic effect of Compound Qinlan Oral Liquid on treating combining disease with syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking lung syndrome].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Apr;45(7):1473-1480

Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Beijing 100700, China.

The aim of this paper was to investigate the therapeutic effect of Compound Qinlan Oral Liquid recommended by Provincial Novel Coronary Virus Pneumonia Treatment Scheme on the treatment of BALB/c mice with combining disease with syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking lung syndrome and to explore its clinical application in the treatment of novel coronavirus pneumonia, and to provide laboratory data support for clinical Chinese medicine. According to the classification of syndromes of novel coronavirus pneumonia by the national competent department of traditional Chinese medicine, this study determined that human coronavirus 229 E(HCoV-229 E)-infected mouse model of cold and dampness syndrome can be used to study human coronavirus pneumonia combined with pestilence attacking the lung syndrome model. This model is suitable for simulating traditional Chinese medicine treatment of common disease syndromes in Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Diagnosis and Treatment program(trial implementation of the sixth edition). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200303.402DOI Listing

Management of Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis.

Curr Urol Rep 2020 Jun 3;21(7):29. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 4940 Eastern Avenue, 301 Building, Suite 3112, Baltimore, MD, 21224, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We conducted a review of the literature describing the most up-to-date diagnosis and treatment options of chronic bacterial prostatitis.

Recent Findings: Recurrence after oral antimicrobial therapy is common, due in part to the rising rates of antimicrobial resistance and inability to completely clear the offending bacteria from the prostate following prostatitis. Recent literature has described various treatment options for chronic bacterial prostatitis refractory to conventional antimicrobial agents, including the use of alternative agents such as fosfomycin, direct antimicrobial injections into the prostate, surgical removal of infected prostatic tissue, chronic oral antibiotic suppression, and an emerging novel therapy utilizing bacteriophages to target antibiotic resistant bacteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11934-020-00978-zDOI Listing

Image retake rates of cone beam computed tomography in a dental institution.

Clin Oral Investig 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Applied Oral Sciences & Community Dental Care, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Objectives: To investigate the frequency and reasons for retaking cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans in an oral and maxillofacial radiology imaging clinic in a dental institution.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cohort chart audit of the patient image database was performed for 1737 patients attending the Diagnostic Imaging clinic at the Prince Philip Dental Hospital from February 2016 to May 2019, and the rate of, and reasons for, CBCT image re-exposure was tallied. Patient demographics (age and gender) and CBCT acquisition parameters (CBCT unit, field-of-view (FOV), scanned region of interest, and exposure time) were recorded and correlated to retake analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-020-03315-3DOI Listing

Teaching undergraduate students gynecological and obstetrical examination skills: the patient's opinion.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Homburg University Medical Centre, 66421, Homburg, Germany.

Introduction: Our study assesses the patients' opinion about gynecological examination performed by undergraduate students (UgSts). This assessment will be used in improving our undergraduate training program. A positive opinion would mean a lower chance of a patient refusing to be examined by a tutor or student, taking into account vaginal examination (VE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-020-05615-1DOI Listing

Dermoid Cyst in the Postauricular Area.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology.

Dermoid cyst is a rare benign tumor and about 7% of occurrences are found in the head and neck region. Its location is almost always in the midline of the body such as the orbit, oral cavity, and nose, but it is rarer in and around the auricle. The authors present a 31-year-old woman with dermoid cyst in the postauricular area which is a rare site for this lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006499DOI Listing

Mosaic Neurofibromatosis Type 1 With Multiple Cutaneous Diffuse and Plexiform Neurofibromas of the Lower Leg.

Anticancer Res 2020 Jun;40(6):3423-3427

Institute of Human Genetics, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.

Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease with complete penetrance and a very variable phenotype. Recent research has shown that postzygotic NF1 gene mutations occur to a far greater extent than previously thought. The phenotype of affected individuals reflects the time of somatic mutation and the phenotype is correspondingly diverse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14327DOI Listing

Symptomatic Intraosseous Vascular Malformation of Infraorbital Rim: A Case Report With Literature Survey.

Anticancer Res 2020 Jun;40(6):3333-3343

Institute of Pathology, Eppendorf University Hospital, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Background/aim: Intraosseous orbital hemangiomas or vascular malformations (VM) are rare. This report is intended to complement the experience of diagnosing and treating a rare vascular lesion at this site. Special attention is paid to three-dimensional imaging and the morphological distinction between the two entities in this location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14316DOI Listing

The influence of breastfeeding and pacifier use on the association between preterm birth and primary-dentition malocclusion: A population-based birth cohort study.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2020 Jun;157(6):754-763

School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

Introduction: Little is known about the influence of biological characteristics on the occurrence of malocclusion. This study aimed to investigate the association between preterm birth and primary-dentition malocclusion and how breastfeeding and the use of pacifiers are related to this association.

Methods: A representative sample (n = 1129) of children from the 2004 Pelotas, Brazil birth cohort study underwent a dental examination at age 5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2019.06.014DOI Listing

Multiple calcifying hyperplastic dental follicles: a major diagnostic consideration in multiple pericoronal lesions - report of two cases.

BMC Oral Health 2020 Jun 1;20(1):159. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Laboratory of Pathology Research, Department of Microbiology and Pathology, University Centre of Health Sciences, Universidad de Guadalajara, Sierra Mojada No. 950, Col. Independencia, C.P. 44340, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Background: Pericoronal radiolucent lesions are a common radiographic finding, but it is rare that they occur in multiple forms. Multiple calcifying hyperplastic dental follicles (MCHDF) are entities with few cases described to date; nevertheless, they appear to have a very particular phenotypic pattern.

Cases Presentation: Case 1: A 10-year-old male was evaluated radiographically, revealing four impacted canines, each accompanied by unilocular pericoronal radiolucency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-020-01146-yDOI Listing

Reliability of orofacial quantitative sensory testing for pleasantness and unpleasantness.

Cephalalgia 2020 Jun 2:333102420929700. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Quantitative sensory testing protocols for perceptions of pleasantness and unpleasantness based on the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain protocol were recently introduced. However, there are no reliability studies yet published.

Aim: To evaluate the intra-examiner (test-retest) and inter-examiner reliability for orofacial pleasantness and unpleasantness quantitative sensory testing protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102420929700DOI Listing

A Case of Idiopathic Acquired Neonatal Bell's Palsy.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2020 Jan-Dec;8:2324709620930161

Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Neonatal idiopathic Bell's palsy is a very rare diagnosis with only a few previously published case reports of infants responding well to oral corticosteroid use. This trial therapy likely comes from adult data where clinical outcomes are improved following steroid use, although the data in childhood cases are equivocal. In this specific population of infants <28 days of age at presentation, the most common causes of Bell's palsy include congenital, birth trauma, and syndromic (likely with no indication for steroid treatment). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709620930161DOI Listing

The first case of fungal endogenous endophthalmitis caused by : Diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 3:1120672120932088. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Significance: Fungal endogenous endophthalmitis is an uncommon and potentially blinding infection. is a causative organism in immunocompromized although is virulent enough to afflict immunocompetents. Their propensity to affect macula usually results in a dismal prognosis; thus, improving visual outcome has always been challenging to clinicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120932088DOI Listing

[Research progress of oral erythroplakia].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jun;55(6):421-424

Department of Oral Medicine, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University & State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chengdu 610041, China.

Oral erythroplakia is an rare oral disorder with relatively high potential of becoming malignant. It has a lower prevalence but a higher malignant transformation rate than oral leukoplakia. The etiology and pathogenesis of the disease is so far not clear, but several studies have pointed to tobacco chewing, tobacco smoking, and betel quid chewing with or without tobacco and alcohol usage as etiologic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112144-20190923-00360DOI Listing

[Enhancing the clinical competence of postgraduate students in periodontology: design and implementation of multidisciplinary grand rounds].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jun;55(6):408-411

Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.

Recently the model of cultivating stomatology talents for postgraduate education in China is primarily specialized education. The aim of the present study was to construct a multidisciplinary grand rounds series based on presentation and commentary for diagnosis and treatment plan of clinical cases, in order to improve the clinical competence of postgraduate students from various dental disciplines for resolving the clinical problems. The grand rounds series was designed for postgraduate students of periodontology, with the combination of the advantages of the international dentistry education experience and Chinese characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112144-20191227-00468DOI Listing

[Clinical features and imaging analysis of primary bone lymphoma of the jaw].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jun;55(6):383-387

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To investigate the clinical characteristics and imaging manifestations of primary bone lymphoma (PBL) located in the jaw. Clinical data of 14 PBL patients admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, which including age, gender, location, chief complaint, laboratory test, imaging manifestations and so on. Among the 14 PBL patients, 10 were male and 4 were female. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112144-20200105-00003DOI Listing

[Later approach sinus floor elevation using deproteinized bovine bone mineral with staged implant placement: follow-up for more than 3 years in a prospective clinical study].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jun;55(6):378-382

Department of Implantology, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University & State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shaanxi Engineering Research Center for Dental Materials and Advanced Manufacture, Xi'an 710032, China.

To evaluate clinical effect of deproteinized bovine bone for delayed implantation after fenestration. This trial is a continuation of a prospective clinical trial. From May 2011 to February 2015 in Department of Implantology, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University after planting division of 55 cases of maxillary teeth missing area of residual alveolar bone height ≤5 mm patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112144-20191119-00415DOI Listing

The Cancer Chemopreventive and Therapeutic Potential of Tetrahydrocurcumin.

Biomolecules 2020 May 29;10(6). Epub 2020 May 29.

Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

In recent decades, cancer has been one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Despite advances in understanding the molecular basis of tumorigenesis, diagnosis, and clinical therapies, the discovery and development of effective drugs is an active and vital field in cancer research. Tetrahydrocurcumin is a major curcuminoid metabolite of curcumin, naturally occurring in turmeric. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom10060831DOI Listing

Comparison of Prodromal Symptoms of Patients with Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia and Alzheimer Disease.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2020 Jun 2:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, Neurology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland,

Introduction: Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is the most common clinical subtype of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. bvFTD is often characterized by changes in behavior and personality, frequently leading to psychiatric misdiagnoses. On the other hand, substantial clinical overlap with other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer disease (AD), further complicates the diagnostics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507544DOI Listing

Association of body composition with survival and inflammatory responses in patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer.

Oral Oncol 2020 May 30;108:104771. Epub 2020 May 30.

VIP Region, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Diagnosis and Therapy, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510060, PR China. Electronic address:

Objectives: It is unknown whether or not the body composition is correlated with the prognosis and inflammatory response in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC).

Materials And Methods: This cohort included 1767 patients with NPC. Visceral, subcutaneous and intra muscular adipose tissues (VAT, SAT and IMAT), and skeletal muscle index were quantified with computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2020.104771DOI Listing

Oral pathological conditions of an Early Epipaleolithic human from Southwest Asia: Ohalo II H2 as a probable case of intentional dental ablation.

Int J Paleopathol 2020 May 30;30:68-76. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Anthropology, California State University-Dominguez Hills, SBS G323, 1000 E Victoria St, Carson, CA, 90747, USA.

Objective: To describe the oral pathological conditions of Ohalo II H2, an Early Epipaleolithic human from southwest Asia.

Materials: The dentognathic skeleton of Ohalo II H2 and relevant comparative data from similar chronological and/or geographic contexts.

Methods: Gross and x-ray observations of oral pathological conditions and occlusal wear were made following published protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2020.04.001DOI Listing

Obstructive sleep apnea caused by acromegaly: Case report.

Cranio 2020 Jun 2:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Amsterdam UMC and Academic Center for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Acromegaly is an uncommon syndrome caused by growth hormone-producing pituitary adenoma or pituitary gland hypertrophy. Acromegaly is known to be characterized by progressive somatic disfigurement and a wide range of systematic manifestations. This case study describes a rare case of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) caused by acromegaly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08869634.2020.1776530DOI Listing

A home-based multidisciplinary program for down syndrome adults with muscular temporomandibular disorder.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Discipline of Descriptive and Topographic Anatomy, Department of Morphology and Genetics, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Patients with Down Syndrome (DS) present functional and anatomical alterations that may negatively impact their health and quality of life. DS patients have been shown to have a high prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), but little is known about the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention in these individuals.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of a home-based multidisciplinary program on muscular TMD in DS adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.13027DOI Listing

Maxillary Sinus Ameloblastoma: Transnasal Endoscopic Management.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 Jun 2:145561320930555. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of British Columbia and St Paul's Sinus Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Ameloblastoma (AM) is a slow growing and aggressive benign tumor with an odontogenic epithelial origin arising from the mandible or maxilla. The odontogenic neoplasm invades local tissues asymptomatically and accounts for 1% of oral tumors and over 10% of odontogenic tumors. A 64-year-old man with a history of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) undergoing a revision image-guided endoscopic sinus surgery was found to have a fibrous mass suspicious of malignancy projecting inferolaterally and attached to the floor of the left maxillary sinus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320930555DOI Listing

Periodontal conditions, retinopathy, and serum markers in individuals with type 1 diabetes.

J Periodontol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.

Background: The prevalence of diabetes is high and increasing. Periodontitis has been identified as a risk factor in both type 1 and 2 diabetes. The study purpose was to assess periodontal conditions, retinopathy, and serum glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GADA) titers in relation to retinopathy in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JPER.19-0641DOI Listing

Recent Advances in Cone-beam CT in Oral Medicine.

Curr Med Imaging 2020 ;16(5):553-564

Oral Rehabilitation Department, Dental Faculty, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse University Hospital (CHU de Toulouse), Toulouse, France.

Background: The cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology has continuously evolved since its appearance in oral medicine in the early 2000s.

Objectives: To present recent advances in CBCT in oral medicine: i) selection of recent and consensual evidence-based sources, ii) structured summary of the information based on an iterative framework and iii) compliance with ethical, public health and patient-centered concerns.

Main Findings: We will focus on technological advances, such as sensors and reconstruction algorithms used to improve the constant quality of the image and dosimetry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405615666190114152003DOI Listing
January 2020

Diagnostic Yield of Micro-Computed Tomography (micro-CT) Versus Histopathology of a Canine Oral Fibrosarcoma.

J Vet Dent 2020 Jun 2:898756420926519. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Dentistry and Oral Surgery Service, Section of Surgery, Department of Clinical Sciences and Advanced Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging currently gains increased interest in human as well as veterinary medicine. The ability to image 3-dimensional (3D) biopsy specimens nondestructively down to 1 µm spatial resolution makes it a promising tool for microscopic tissue evaluation in addition to histopathology. Visualizing tumor margins and calculating tumor load on 3D reconstructions may also enhance oncological therapies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898756420926519DOI Listing

[Neoajuvant Chemotherapy with Gemcitabine and Cisplatin Plus S-1 for Primary Female Urethral Adenocarcinoma].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2020 Apr;66(4):115-119

The Department of Oncologic Pathology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine.

A 67-year-old female presented for evaluation of a left inguinal mass. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a tumor surrounding the urethra. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the tumor had invaded the bladder neck on the anterior aspect of the urethra. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_66_4_115DOI Listing