Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    130093 results match your criteria Oral Examination

    1 OF 2602

    Association Between Bone Graft Volume and Maxillary Sinus Membrane Elevation Height.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2017 Feb 23. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Purpose: Maxillary sinus augmentation via crestal approach has been advocated as an alternative approach for sinus membrane elevation. Presently, no study has examined the relationship between the amount of bone grafting material placed and the final sinus membrane elevation height. Therefore, the present study was aimed at investigating the extent of sinus membrane elevation height depending on the amount of bone grafting material inserted as well as three-dimensionally assessing the likelihood of membrane perforation during membrane elevation. Read More

    Subcutaneous C Shape Muscular Flap for Correcting the Depression of Alar Base in Affected Side in Patients With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip/Palate During Primary Surgery.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Oral and Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, China.
    Purpose: The depression of alar base in affected side in patients with unilateral complete cleft lip/palate (CL/P) is one of common clinical features. In this study, the authors try to explore the effect of subcutaneous C shape muscular flap for correcting the depression of alar base in affected side in patients with unilateral complete CL/P during primary surgery.

    Methods: A total of 30 patients with unilateral complete CL/P who received primary correction of the lip nose deformity were included in this study. Read More

    Ankyloblepharon-Ectodermal Defects-Cleft Lip/Palate Syndrome.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    *Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Plastic and Traumatic Surgery, School of Stomatology, Capital Medical University †China Zhongyuan Engineering Corp, Beijing, China.
    Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome, also known as Hay-Wells syndrome, is an autosomal genetic disease with the main features of ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum, ectodermal defects, and cleft lip/palate. The authors report a patient with 17 months old girl with AEC syndrome having ankyloblepharon, cleft and palate, and ectrodactyly with some associated features. Etiology, clinical features, differential diagnosis, and treatment have been elaborated in this clinical report. Read More

    The diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced computed tomography imaging for detection of colorectal tumors: A meta-analysis.
    J Cancer Res Ther 2016 Dec;12(Supplement):C241-C243
    Department of Radiology, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China.
    Objective: To evaluate the application usage of contrast-enhanced computer tomography imaging for colorectal tumors diagnosis.

    Methods: By searching the Medline and CNKI databases, we collected all diagnostic tests about contrast-enhanced CT imaging for colorectal tumors. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated to evaluate the usage of individual diagnostic tests. Read More

    Histomorphometric characterization of subgemmal neurogenous plaques.
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2017 Jan 9. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, Brazil.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to characterize the histomorphometric features of subgemmal neurogenous plaques (SNPs) to better understand their relationship to surrounding microanatomy included in the tissue biopsy samples of the tongue.

    Study Design: A 12-year retrospective study on the files of 3 oral pathology centers yielded 28 SNPs. Hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections were used for histologic analysis, and immunohistochemical staining for S100 protein was performed to better characterize the neural structures. Read More

    Anti-La positive, anti-Ro negative subset of primary Sjögren's syndrome: anti-La is a reality but is the disease?
    Clin Exp Rheumatol 2017 Feb 20. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    The Arthritis and Clinical Immunology Program, Oklahoma Med.Research Foundation; Dept.of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center; and Medical Service, Dept.of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, USA.
    Objectives: To characterise the serological and clinical findings in primary Sjögren's syndrome in which anti-La was found without anti-Ro. We hypothesised that a significant portion of these are falsely negative for anti-Ro60.

    Methods: Twenty-nine sera from primary Sjögren's syndrome patients were tested for antibodies directed against La and Ro. Read More

    Can trichomoniasis cause pharyngitis? A case report.
    SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2016 9;4:2050313X16682132. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    Department of Family Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Objectives: We report on a heterosexual male with sore throat diagnosed as oral Trichomoniasis vaginalis.

    Methods: A rapid strep test and throat culture were negative. An oropharyngeal swab tested positive for Trichomonas vaginalis using a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT). Read More

    Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia Report of a case with diverse radiological spectrum.
    Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab 2016 Sep-Dec;13(3):249-252. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Department of Anatomy, People's College of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal, India.
    A young male of Asian-Indian ethnicity reported with a complaint of a painless, slow growing swelling over the left side of lower jaw. A thorough clinical history was taken and detailed radiological exam performed. The conventional radiographic examination revealed a mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion with unique appearances on different radiographs. Read More

    Right upper quadrant abdominal pain as the initial presentation of polyarteritis nodosa.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Feb 22;2017. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a necrotising vasculitis that involves medium and small vessels. PAN generally presents with constitutional, cutaneous, neurological, renal and gastrointestinal manifestations. However, PAN initially involving a single organ/system is uncommon. Read More

    Comparison of digital panoramic radiography versus cone beam computerized tomography for measuring alveolar bone.
    Head Face Med 2017 Feb 22;13(1). Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Oral Radiology, Xiangya Stomatological Hospital, Central South University, No. 72 Xiangya Road, Changsha, 410078, China.
    Background: Cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) has been widely used in dental implanting. However, the local hospitals usually don't have access to CBCT due to the cost and medical investment, especially in West of China. The doctors in local hospitals have to make reasonable dental planting using orthopantomography (OPG) to reduce risks. Read More

    Three case reports of post immunization and post viral Bullous Pemphigoid: looking for the right trigger.
    BMC Pediatr 2017 Feb 23;17(1):60. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Dipartimento di Pediatria 1, Ospedale Infantile Regina Margherita, Regina Margherita Children's Hospital, Citta' della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Piazza Polonia 94, 10126, Turin, Italy.
    Background: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a blistering skin disorder infrequent in infancy and rarely reported in medical literature.

    Case Presentation: Here we describe three cases of BP which were referred to our department in the last 15 years. Two of them developed an eruption of bullous lesions just a few days after vaccination for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae B. Read More

    Detection of mental stress due to oral academic examination via ultra-short-term HRV analysis.
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2016 Aug;2016:3805-3808
    Mental stress may cause cognitive dysfunctions, cardiovascular disorders and depression. Mental stress detection via short-term Heart Rate Variability (HRV) analysis has been widely explored in the last years, while ultra-short term (less than 5 minutes) HRV has been not. This study aims to detect mental stress using linear and non-linear HRV features extracted from 3 minutes ECG excerpts recorded from 42 university students, during oral examination (stress) and at rest after a vacation. Read More

    A preliminary evaluation of myoelectrical energy distribution of the front neck muscles in pharyngeal phase during normal swallowing.
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2016 Aug;2016:1700-1703
    Pharyngeal phase is a central hub of swallowing in which food bolus pass through from the oral cavity to the esophageal. Proper understanding of the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase is useful for assessing swallowing function and the occurrence of dysphagia in humans. In this study, high-density (HD) surface electromyography (sEMG) was used to study the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase during swallowing tasks involving three healthy male subjects. Read More

    A new approach of oral cancer detection using bilateral texture features in digital infrared thermal images.
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2016 Aug;2016:1377-1380
    Oral cancer is one of the most prevalent form of cancer and its severity is aggrandized specially among the socio-economically backward population in developing countries. A major fraction of patient population is unable to avail diagnosis for oral cancer due to scarcity of state-of-the-art infrastructure and experienced oral and maxillofacial pathologist. Contemporary gold standard of oral cancer confirmation relies on biopsy report. Read More

    Risk factors in central retinal vein occlusion an activated protein C resistance.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 1999 Jan-Mar 1999;9(1):43-48
    Ankara Numune Teaching and Research Hospital 3rd Eye Clinic.
    Introduction: Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) tends to be a disease of older individuals, with some known major risk factors, and activated protein C resistance seems to be one of the causes in younger patients. In this study, we reviewed risk factors including activated protein C resistance in a series of patients with CRVO.

    Methods: Twenty-four patients with a diagnosis of CRVO presenting either acutely or for a follow-up visit during the study period, were enrolled. Read More

    Oral and Sublingual Immunotherapy: Potential Causes for Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders?
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2017 Feb 23;172(2):89-98. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Department of Allergy and Immunology, Mofid Children's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Food allergy is a common health problem worldwide, with increasing prevalence during recent decades. The only approved treatments for food allergy are food avoidance and administration of emergency medications in case of accidental exposure, which negatively affects patients' quality of life, so new treatments are highly desirable. Different food immunotherapy modalities have recently been used, with variable success rates in the induction of desensitization and tolerance, and different numbers and types of adverse reactions. Read More

    Nonrevascularizable buttock claudication improved with Sildenafil: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Feb;96(8):e6186
    aVascular Investigations and Physiology Department, Angers University Hospital bMitoVasc Institute, UMR CNRS 6015, INSERM U1083, Angers University, Angers, France.
    Rationale: Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitor (PDE5i), could represent a new treatment in addition to the medical treatment and advice to walk in peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

    Patient Concerns And Diagnoses: We report a case of a 62-year-old heavy smoker man who developed a buttock claudication and a severe walking limitation following an aorto-bi-femoral bypass in 1992. Since 2003, each year, he has been referred for investigation of bilateral buttock claudication on treadmill using transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcpO2) measurement during exercise to argue for the vascular origin of the walking impairment. Read More

    When to stop propranolol for infantile hemangioma.
    Sci Rep 2017 Feb 22;7:43292. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
    There is no definitive conclusion regarding the optimal timing for terminating propranolol treatment for infantile hemangioma (IH). A total of 149 patients who underwent detailed color Doppler ultrasound examination were included in this study. The characteristics and propranolol treatment of all patients were summarized and analyzed. Read More

    GLI3-related polydactyly: a review.
    Clin Genet 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    GLI3 mutations are known to be associated with nine syndromes/conditions in which polydactyly is a feature. In this review, the embryology, pathogenesis, and animal models of GLI3-related polydactyly are discussed first. This is followed by a detailed review of the genotype-phenotype correlations. Read More

    HCV management in resource-constrained countries.
    Hepatol Int 2017 Feb 21. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, National University Hospital, 1E Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.
    With the arrival of all-oral directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy with high cure rates, the promise of hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication is within closer reach. The availability of generic DAAs has improved access to countries with constrained resources. However, therapy is only one component of the HCV care continuum, which is the framework for HCV management from identifying patients to cure. Read More

    Usefulness of Dermoscopy in the Differential Diagnosis of Ruptured and Unruptured Epidermal Cysts.
    Ann Dermatol 2017 Feb 3;29(1):33-38. Epub 2017 Feb 3.
    Department of Dermatology, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
    Background: An epidermal cyst is a common keratin-filled epithelial-lined cyst. The treatment of choice for epidermal cysts is surgical excision. If the cyst becomes ruptured, incision and drainage with oral antibiotic therapy or intralesional steroid injection are required. Read More

    The role of IL-1 gene polymorphisms (IL1A, IL1B, and IL1RN) as a risk factor in unsuccessful implants retaining overdentures.
    J Prosthodont Res 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    Department of Removable Prosthesis, Faculty of Dental Medicine of the University of Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Implant-supported overdentures are an alternative predictable rehabilitation method that has a high impact on improving the patient's quality of life. However, some biological complications may interfere with the maintenance and survival of these overdenture implants. The goal of this article was to assess the factors that affect peri-implant success, through a hypothetical prediction model for biological complications of implant overdentures. Read More

    Pre-cancer risk assessment in habitual smokers from DIC images of oral exfoliative cells using active contour and SVM analysis.
    Tissue Cell 2017 Feb 9. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    Department of Information Technology, IIEST, Shibpur, India.
    Habitual smokers are known to be at higher risk for developing oral cancer, which is increasing at an alarming rate globally. Conventionally, oral cancer is associated with high mortality rates, although recent reports show the improved survival outcomes by early diagnosis of disease. An effective prediction system which will enable to identify the probability of cancer development amongst the habitual smokers, is thus expected to benefit sizable number of populations. Read More

    Primary intraocular lymphoma: Another great masquerader.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2008 Jul-Aug;18(4):567-571
    Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution, Cambridge -USA.
    Purpose: To describe diverse and atypical presentations of the most common masquerader in neoplastic masquerade syndromes.

    Methods: Retrospective interventional case series. The authors identified three patients who presented with atypical and diagnostically challenging masquerading manifestations. Read More

    Intravitreal triamcinolone for the treatment of refractory macular edema in idiopathic intermediate or posterior uveitis.
    • Authors:
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2008 May-Jun;18(3):429-434
    Purpose: Cystoid macular edema (CME) is the most significant cause of visual loss associated with idiopathic uveitis. The authors report on the use of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in a group of patients with macular edema due to idiopathic intermediate and posterior uveitis.

    Methods: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Read More

    Hypericin-enhanced argon laser photocoagulation for subfoveal choroidal neovascular membrane in age-related macular degeneration: a pilot study.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2006 Jan - Feb;16(1):119-128
    Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy and Medical School (GMMA-MS), Ankara.
    Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hypericin-enhanced argon laser photocoagulation (H-ALP) in the treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascular membrane (CNM) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (ARMD).

    Methods: After preliminary studies for definition of parameters, argon-green laser was administered 4 hours after single dose of oral 1800 mg hypericin (Saint-John's wort tablets, 0.3%, 300 mg) with a subthreshold light fluence, 24 J/cm2 in 34 eyes (20 with subfoveal classical and 14 with subfoveal occult CNM). Read More

    Cystoid macular edema associated with latanoprost after uncomplicated cataract surgery.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2005 Jan - Feb 2005;15(1):158-161
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Kocaeli, Izmit - Turkey.
    Purpose: To report clinically symptomatic and angiographically documented cystoid macular edema (CME) associated with the use of latanoprost in two pseudophakic eyes after uncomplicated cataract surgery.

    Methods: Retrospective review of two patients who had history of latanoprost use and uncomplicated cataract surgery and described blurred vision in the first postoperative month.

    Results: Ocular examination revealed CME, which was confirmed by fluorescein angiography. Read More

    Recurrent Angioedema: Occurrence, Features, and Concomitant Diseases in an Italian Single-Center Study.
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2017 Feb 22;172(1):55-63. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Rheumatology, Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Department of "Medicina dei Sistemi", University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Background: Angioedema (AE) is a potentially life-threatening condition with hereditary (HAE), acquired (AAE), or iatrogenic causes. A careful workup allows for the identification of the etiology of attacks and the appropriate management. In this cohort study, based on a clinical practice setting, we aimed at investigating clinical and laboratory findings concerning different features of patients with recurrent AE who were referred to a single, tertiary-level center for HAE. Read More

    Three cases of Gordon syndrome with dominant KLHL3 mutations.
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2017 Feb 21. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Background: Gordon syndrome (GS) is a rare form of monogenic hypertension characterized by low renin hypertension, hyperkalemia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, and normal glomerular filtration rate. To date, four genes causing GS have been identified as: WNK1, WNK4, CUL3, and KLHL3.

    Case Report: We report three cases of GS in two families. Read More

    Oral Histoplasmosis.
    Head Neck Pathol 2017 Feb 20. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Academy of Our Lady of Peace, San Diego, CA, USA.
    A 44-year-old female presented to her general dentist with the chief complaint of a painful mouth sore of 2 weeks duration. Clinical examination revealed an irregularly shaped ulcer of the buccal and lingual attached gingiva of the anterior mandible. A biopsy was performed and microscopic evaluation revealed histoplasmosis. Read More

    Disproportional increase of pulmonary embolism in young females in Germany: trends from 2005 to 2014.
    J Thromb Thrombolysis 2017 Feb 20. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Angiology, Gefäßklinik, Helios Klinikum Krefeld, Lutherplatz 40, 47805, Krefeld, Germany.
    We analysed the number of pulmonary embolism (PE) in young females aged 10-39 years in the period from 2005 to 2014 in Germany to see any trends that possibly may reflect some influences of newer oral contraceptives. Detailed lists of all hospitalized cases with the principal diagnosis PE coded as I26 in the years 2005-2014 were provided by the Federal Statistical Office. In males, the absolute number of all hospitalized cases with the principal diagnosis PE increased from 16,066 in 2005 to 25,364 in 2014 (rate +57. Read More

    Treatment of stage II medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw with necrosectomy and autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.
    Odontology 2017 Feb 20. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Center Freiburg, Hugstetter Str. 55, 79106, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Treatment strategies for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) remain controversial. Although the AAOMS suggests a conservative approach, a surgical management with necrosectomy is often required when conservative management has failed. Moreover, recent studies have shown promising results using an early stage surgical treatment. Read More

    Development of magnetic nanoparticle based calorimetric assay for the detection of bovine mastitis in cow milk.
    Anal Biochem 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    Department of Chemistry, Alfaisal University, Al Zahrawi Street, Al Maather, Al Takhassusi Rd, Riyadh 11533, Saudi Arabia; King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Zahrawi Street, Al Maather, Riyadh 12713, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:
    Mastitis in dairy cattle is an inflammatory reaction of the udder tissue. Mastitis increases plasmin levels, leading to an increased proteolysis of milk proteins such as casein, resulting in a significant decrease in milk quality and related dairy products. Due to its key-role in mastitis, we used plasmin proteolytic activity as a biomarker for the detection of mastitis in bovine mastitic milk. Read More

    Condyle Excursion Angle, Articular Eminence Inclination, and Temporomandibular Joint Morphologic Relations With Disc Displacement.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jan 29. Epub 2017 Jan 29.
    Professor, Department of Oral Diagnosis, State University of Paraíba, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relations of the condyle excursion angle (CEA) and the morphology and morphometry of the articular eminence to disc displacement (DD) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of symptomatic patients.

    Materials And Methods: MRIs of 199 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) were evaluated. Qualitative and quantitative morphologic analyses were performed with tools available in PACS 11. Read More

    Contrasting Patterns for Missing Third Molars in the United States and Sweden.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jan 30. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    Dalton L. McMichael Distinguished Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address:
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of third molars from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the Swedish survey.

    Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study involved the comparison of the only published data on third molar prevalence. The number of visible third molars in the NHANES of 2011 through 2012 were assessed in nonclinical settings by trained, calibrated dental hygienists and reported by age decade (approximately 5,000 patients). Read More

    Severe skull base osteomyelitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa with successful outcome after prolonged outpatient therapy with continuous infusion of ceftazidime and oral ciprofloxacin: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 Feb 21;11(1):48. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Camino de la Almazara, 11, 03203, Elche, Alicante, Spain.
    Background: Skull base osteomyelitis is an uncommon disease that usually complicates a malignant external otitis with temporal bone involvement. It affects predominantly diabetic and immunocompromised males and has a high mortality rate. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common causative organism. Read More

    [The value of sinonasal CT scan in diagnosing of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps].
    Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Feb;52(2):93-98
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Nasal Diseases, Beijing Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Beijing 100005, China; Department of Allergy, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.
    Objective: To compare the value of sinonasal CT scan with other clinical parameters in the pre-diagnosis of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (eCRSwNP). Methods: From January to May of 2016, One hundred and fifty consecutive CRSwNP patients (90 eCRSwNP and 60 non-eosinophilic CRSwNP) undergoing endoscopic functional sinus surgery in Beijing Tongren Hospital were recruited in this study. Preoperative CT scan, skin prick test (SPT) and oral fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurements were performed in each patient and full blood count with differential analysis was performed within 1 week before surgery. Read More

    FKBP51 Immunohistochemical Expression: A New Prognostic Biomarker for OSCC?
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Feb 18;18(2). Epub 2017 Feb 18.
    Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy.
    Up-to-date, several molecular markers of prognosis have been studied in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC), but none entered in the clinical setting. Therapy of OSCC tumors mainly relies on surgery, radiotherapy and partially on chemotherapy; there is an urgent need for biomarkers able to better stratify OSCC patients' risk to address targeted therapeutic strategies. The role of immune response in the pathogenesis and biological behavior of OSCC has been investigated by several authors, and promising results have been obtained with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Read More

    [A brief of gestational diabetes mellitus, risk factors and current criteria of diagnosis].
    Orv Hetil 2017 Feb;158(8):283-290
    II. Belgyógyászati Klinika, Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Budapest, Szentkirályi utca 46., 1088.
    Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders that may cause pathological pregnancy. Treating diabetes recognized during pregnancy results in lowering maternal and fetal complications. These patients present higher risk for excessive weight gain, preeclampsia, delivery with cesarean sections, high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the future. Read More

    Corticosteroid and Azithromycin in Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis.
    Adv Biomed Res 2017 31;6. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Dentistry School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
    Background: Mastitis is an inflammatory disorder in breast tissues due to bacterial factors, mycobacterial infections or autoimmune diseases. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a form of mastitis which may be affected by systematic diseases such as sarcoidosis, and infectious causes such as mycobacterium and fungus. This study evaluates the efficacy of medical therapy with a combination of corticosteroid and Azithromycin in patients with IGM. Read More

    Dental caries prevalence among type II diabetic and nondiabetic adults attending a hospital.
    J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2016 Dec;6(Suppl 3):S232-S236
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, AMC Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
    Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common chronic metabolic disorder which affects millions of people. At present, India has the highest incidence of diabetes worldwide. Several oral lesions and conditions are associated with diabetes. Read More

    Elevated glycated hemoglobin predicts macrosomia among Asian Indian pregnant women (WINGS-9).
    Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2017 Jan-Feb;21(1):184-189
    Department of Epidemiology, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) cut point for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to evaluate the usefulness of HbA1c as a prognostic indicator for adverse pregnancy outcomes.

    Methods: HbA1c estimations were carried out in 1459 pregnant women attending antenatal care centers in urban and rural Tamil Nadu in South India. An oral glucose tolerance test was carried out using 75 g anhydrous glucose, and GDM was diagnosed using the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria. Read More

    Clinicopathological diagnosis of orofacial granulomatosis.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 Jan-Feb;8(1):32-34
    Department of Pathology, Ataturk Research and Training Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
    Orofacial granulomatosis is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by persistent or recurrent soft tissue swellings, oral ulceration, and other orofacial features in the absence of an identifiable granulomatous disease. We report a case of a 61-year-old woman with recurrent ulcerations and swellings in her oral mucosa. She was diagnosed as orofacial granulomatosis based upon clinicopathological correlation after exclusion of other granulomatous diseases and showed a favorable response to systemic corticosteroid treatment. Read More

    Temporal Evaluation of Neurosensory Complications After Mandibular Third Molar Extraction: Current Problems for Diagnosis and Treatment.
    Open Dent J 2016 30;10:728-732. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kusunoki-cho 7-5-1, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.
    Objective: This retrospective study aimed to report the incidence of neurosensory complications after third molar extraction and also to identify current problems and discuss appropriate management of these complications.

    Method: Patients who underwent extraction of deeply impacted mandibular third molars under general anesthesia were included. The following epidemiological data were retrospectively gathered from medical charts: type of neurosensory complication, treatment for complication, and outcome. Read More

    Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease with 18F-Fludeoxyglucose Uptake in Cervical Lymph Nodes on Dual-time-point Imaging Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Mimicking Malignant Disease.
    World J Nucl Med 2017 Jan-Mar;16(1):68-70
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Medicine, Tokai University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a benign but self-limiting disorder. However, KFD is often misdiagnosed as a malignant disease. Although 18F-fludeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on dual-time-point imaging (DTPI) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) is useful in distinguishing malignant from benign disease, the latter sometimes mimics malignancy on DTPI PET/CT, resulting in a misdiagnosis. Read More

    Pulmonary Kaposi Sarcoma with Osseous Metastases in an Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Patient: A Remarkable Response to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy.
    Am J Case Rep 2017 Feb 20;18:181-185. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Saint Francis Medical Center, Trenton, NJ, USA.
    BACKGROUND Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is known to involve the mucocutaneous tissues and the aero-digestive tracts. In acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, KS has an aggressive course and carries poor prognosis. We present a case of pulmonary KS with osseous metastases as the first presentation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in a young male. Read More

    Detection of Fractured Endodontic Instruments in Root Canals: Comparison between Different Digital Radiography Systems and Cone-beam Computed Tomography.
    J Endod 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Division of Oral Radiology, Department of Stomatology, Public Health and Forensic Dentistry, Ribeirão Preto Dental School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Introduction: This study compared the detection of fractured instruments in root canals with and without filling by periapical radiographs from 3 digital systems and cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images with different resolutions.

    Methods: Thirty-one human molars (80 canals) were used. Root canals were divided into the following groups: the control group, without fillings; the fracture group, without fillings and with fractured files; the fill group, filled; and the fill/fracture group, filled and with fractured files. Read More

    Effect of oral calcium administration on the cure and reproductive performance of Holstein cows diagnosed with puerperal metritis.
    J Dairy Sci 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32608.
    Our objective was to evaluate the effect of oral calcium administration on clinical cure, survival, subsequent presentation of peripartal health disorders, and reproductive performance of Holstein cows diagnosed with puerperal metritis (PM) under certified organic management. A second objective was to evaluate the metabolic status at calving and at the time of PM diagnosis (d 0) in affected and matched healthy cows. Cows diagnosed with PM (n = 200) were assigned randomly to receive 1 of 2 treatments: (1) control received 3. Read More

    1 OF 2602