4,676 results match your criteria Optometry and Vision Science[Journal]


Comparison of Wavefront-guided and Best Conventional Scleral Lenses after Habituation in Eyes with Corneal Ectasia.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):238-247

Visual Optics Institute, College of Optometry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas.

Significance: Visual performance with wavefront-guided (WFG) contact lenses has only been reported immediately after manufacture without time for habituation, and comparison has only been made with clinically unrefined predicate conventional lenses. We present comparisons of habitual corrections, best conventional scleral lenses, and WFG scleral lenses after habituation to all corrections.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare, in a crossover design, optical and visual performance of eyes with corneal ectasias wearing dispensed best conventional scleral lens corrections and dispensed individualized WFG scleral lens corrections. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450417PMC
April 2019
9 Reads

The Imaginary Divide.

Authors:
Michael D Twa

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):237

Editor in Chief, Birmingham, AL.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001372DOI Listing

Central Macular Thickness in Diabetic Patients: A Sex-based Analysis.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):266-275

School of Optometry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California.

Significance: The pathological changes in clinically significant diabetic macular edema lead to greater retinal thickening in men than in women. Therefore, male sex should be considered a potential risk factor for identifying individuals with the most severe pathological changes. Understanding this excessive retinal thickening in men may help preserve vision. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001363DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445750PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Visuo-oculomotor Function and Reaction Times in Athletes with and without Concussion.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):256-265

Department of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Significance: Oculomotor tests in concussion commonly show impairment in smooth pursuit and saccadic function. Honing in on the systems likely to be affected by concussion will streamline use of oculomotor function as a supplemental diagnostic and prognostic tool, as well as improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of concussion.

Purpose: This study investigates oculomotor function between concussed and healthy collegiate athletes and determines measurement test-retest reliability of those tools. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445703PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Optical Quality and Intraocular Scattering in the Diabetic Eye without Diabetic Retinopathy.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):248-255

Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Significance: This study suggests that despite having comparable best-corrected visual acuity and normal fundus appearance, objective measurements of optical quality showed that patients with diabetes but without overt retinopathy may have impaired visual function. Screening using the Optical Quality Analysis System might help identify those patients.

Purpose: Visual impairments are common in diabetes, but the status of the problem is unclear before the development of diabetic retinopathy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001360DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Case Series: Multimodal Imaging Reveals the Spectrum of Pattern Dystrophies of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):314-321

SUNY State College of Optometry, New York, New York.

Significance: Pattern dystrophies of the retinal pigment epithelium, often misdiagnosed as other macular conditions, were once considered a rare retinal disease. However, an increasing number of cases have recently been discovered owing to advancements in multimodal imaging and increased awareness of the condition.

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to increase awareness of pattern dystrophies and to review how to accurately diagnose and manage pattern dystrophies by understanding their presentation on fundus autofluorescence, optical coherence tomography, and electrodiagnostic testing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001361DOI Listing

Small Text on Product Labels Poses a Special Challenge for Emerging Presbyopes.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):291-300

School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

Significance: Approximately 10% of the lowercase text on nonprescription drug labels is smaller than the 1 mm required by the Food and Drug Administration. The small size, combined with the progressive decline in accommodative amplitude and gain, poses a reading challenge for middle-aged emerging presbyopes.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of progressing presbyopia and near adds on the ability of middle-aged patients to read small text routinely encountered on product labels. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006324-900000000-9814
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001362DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

The Relationship between Visual Acuity, Subjective Vision, and Willingness to Purchase Simultaneous-image Contact Lenses.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):283-290

Brien Holden Vision Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Significance: This study reports that subjective vision ratings are better indicators of willingness to purchase simultaneous-image contact lenses than visual acuities and are more valuable in evaluating contact lens performance.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between visual acuities, subjective vision ratings, and willingness to purchase simultaneous-image contact lenses in presbyopes.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of visual acuities, subjective vision ratings, and willingness to purchase from final visits of two masked, crossover clinical trials of nine prototype and four commercially available simultaneous-image contact lenses in 141 presbyopes was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001359DOI Listing

Case Report: Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome Progression Documented by Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography.

Authors:
Jacob G Hillard

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):309-313

Significance: Iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome is characterized by a difficult-to-see membrane of ectopic corneal endothelial cells, called an ICE membrane. This report demonstrates that ICE membranes are detectable by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and highlights the benefits of using AS-OCT in ICE syndrome.

Purpose: A case of ICE syndrome is reported to highlight the utility of AS-OCT in the characterization and diagnosis of the disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001358DOI Listing

Effect of Outdoor Activities in Myopia Control: Meta-analysis of Clinical Studies.

Authors:
Li Deng Yi Pang

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):276-282

Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, Illinois.

Significance: Our meta-analyses assess the benefit of outdoor activities on myopia onset and myopic shift among school-aged children reported in prospective intervention studies.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the reduced risk of myopia development, myopic shift, and axial elongation with more outdoor activity time among school-aged children.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE, VisionCite, and Cochrane Library. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001357DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Spectacle Coverage among Urban Schoolchildren with Refractive Error Provided Subsidized Spectacles in North India.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Apr;96(4):301-308

Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Significance: Provision of subsidized spectacles to schoolchildren with refractive error in Delhi was associated with increased spectacle coverage.

Purpose: Studies involving free spectacle distribution and self-purchase of spectacles often report poor compliance. We assessed 1-year spectacle coverage among schoolchildren with refractive error who were provided subsidized spectacles. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001356DOI Listing

The Effect of Microblepharon Exfoliation on Clinical Correlates of Contact Lens Discomfort.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):187-199

School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Significance: Microblepharon exfoliation improved eyelid signs and tear film characteristics after a single in-office treatment in symptomatic contact lens wearers.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of two eyelid hygiene treatments-microblepharon exfoliation and a hypoallergenic foam cleanser (LidHygenix)-on clinical signs of the eyelids, meibomian glands, and tear film in contact lens discomfort.

Methods: A randomized, interventional, unmasked, crossover trial was conducted on 30 experienced daily-wear soft contact lens wearers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001354DOI Listing

Optometric Applications for Three-dimensional Printing: A Technical Report from Low Vision Rehabilitation Practice.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):213-220

Central Ohio VA Healthcare System, Columbus, Ohio

Significance: Delivering personalized three-dimensional (3D)-printed solutions for our patients is easier now than it has ever been. This technological revolution makes things possible that it would be extremely challenging to achieve using traditional approaches.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to increase awareness among the optometric and vision science community of opportunities to apply 3D printing to enhance clinical practice and research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001349DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Using Small Samples to Evaluate Normative Reference Ranges for Retinal Imaging Measures.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):146-155

Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana

Significance: Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) deviation maps often incorrectly score healthy eyes as having wedge defects. This study shows how to identify such problems early in the development of normative databases.

Purpose: After reference values are embedded in devices, clinicians and researchers often learn about issues that cause false-positive rates in healthy eyes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001353DOI Listing

Reasons for Laser in Situ Keratomileusis in China: A Qualitative Study.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):206-212

School of Economics and School of Management, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, China.

Significance: Myopia is a major health issue in East Asian countries, especially in China. By identifying Chinese patients' motivations for laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery, our results are expected to help clinicians counsel patients before LASIK surgery and to maximize patients' post-operative LASIK surgery satisfaction, improving the quality of LASIK surgery services.

Purpose: Laser in situ keratomileusis has become a popular type of refractive surgery for the correction of myopia worldwide. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001352DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Intraocular Pressure as an Indicator of the Level of Induced Anxiety in Basketball.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):164-171

Mixed University Sport and Health Institute (iMUDS), University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Significance: Our data demonstrate that intraocular pressure (IOP) is sensitive to anxiety manipulation in sport scenarios, specifically in a basketball free throw task. The present outcomes may be of special relevance because of its practical advantages for the objective control of athletes' anxiety levels.

Purpose: Athletes experience high levels of anxiety during sport competition, and IOP has demonstrated to reflect autonomous nervous system changes during mentally demanding situations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001350DOI Listing

Uptake and Release of Polyvinyl Alcohol from Hydrogel Daily Disposable Contact Lenses.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):180-186

Centre for Ocular Research and Education (formerly Centre for Contact Lens Research), School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Significance: Polyvinyl alcohol is a wetting agent that could reduce the symptoms of dry eye and contact lens discomfort. Currently, only one lens type, nelfilcon A (DAILIES AquaComfort Plus), releases polyvinyl alcohol. The concept of releasing this agent from contact lenses could be applied to other lens materials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001351DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of Myopia and Associated Risk Factors in Schoolchildren in North India.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):200-205

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Indian Council of Medical Research, National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Significance: Studies reporting the prevalence and associated risk factors of myopia among schoolchildren in India are limited. Knowledge about the prevalence and the modifiable risk factors associated with myopia development will help in planning cost-effective strategies to prevent its progression in India.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated behavioral risk factors of myopia in schoolchildren in Gurugram, Haryana, in north India. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001344DOI Listing
March 2019
2.038 Impact Factor

Differences in Oculomotor Function between Children with Sensory Processing Disorder and Typical Development.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):172-179

Western University of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Pomona, California

Significance: Our study revealed that children with sensory processing disorder (SPD) exhibit deficient saccades and pursuits compared with typically developing (TD) children. Optometrists have a key role in caring for patients with SPD. Optometrists are paramount in identifying, coordinating care for, and treating these children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001343DOI Listing

Case Report: Delayed Vitamin A Retinopathy Secondary to Bariatric Surgery.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):227-232

Retina Consultants of Orange County, Los Alamitos, California

Significance: Although rare, vitamin A retinopathy should be considered by the clinicians in their differentials for conditions that can lead to nyctalopia, especially in those patients who have undergone bariatric surgery. Patients must be educated on this potential delayed adverse effect of the surgery and possible lifelong vitamin A supplementation.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report a rare case of delayed vitamin A retinopathy that occurred because of vitamin A malabsorption secondary to bariatric surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001346DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Case Report: Focal Choroidal Excavation Underlying Combined Hamartoma of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):233-235

Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Key Laboratory of Intraocular Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment, and Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Laboratory, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

Significance: There are few reports of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) in combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE). This report documents a case of this rare condition and suggests that there might be a relationship between FCE and CHRRPE.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a case of FCE underlying CHRRPE. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001348DOI Listing
March 2019
2.038 Impact Factor

Case Series: Pediatric Herpes Simplex Keratitis.

Authors:
Marie I Bodack

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):221-226

Significance: Although the clinical appearance of pediatric ocular herpes simplex virus (HSV) is similar in children and adults, there is evidence that stromal disease and recurrences are more common in pediatric patients. Misdiagnosis of these patients is common, and patients can develop corneal scarring and amblyopia.

Purpose: This case series will review important clinical concepts on pediatric ocular HSV including differences in presentation and current treatment recommendations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001345DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Serous Retinal Detachment Causes a Transient Reduction on Spectral Domain OCT Estimates of Ganglion Cell Layer Thickness.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Mar;96(3):156-163

Department of Ophthalmology, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Significance: During the acute stage of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) with retinal elevation, the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) estimate of ganglion cell layer complex thickness is reduced. Thickness returns to normal after resolution of the event. Measurement error is at least partially responsible for this effect. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001347DOI Listing

Authors' Response.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):143

School of Optometry University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450548PMC
February 2019

Letter to the Editor: Visual Acuity Is Not the Best at the Preferred Retinal Locus in People with Macular Disease.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):142

Department of Ophthalmology University of Toronto Toronto, Canada

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001340DOI Listing
February 2019

Accessing Journal Content and New Subject Classifications.

Authors:
Michael D Twa

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):77-78

Editor in Chief, Birmingham, AL.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001342DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Fixation Stability with Bessel Beams.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):95-102

School of Engineering and Information Technology, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

Significance: Ophthalmic imaging instruments that require stable fixation can benefit by using Bessel beams in the form of monitor-based Bessel images.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate fixation stability using laser Bessel and Gaussian beams and monitor-based images of these targets.

Methods: The right eyes of 16 participants were presented with seven fixation targets: monitor-based images of a bull's eye/cross hair, a Gaussian beam, a Bessel beam with four rings and a Bessel beam with three rings; laser Gaussian beam, laser Bessel beam with four rings, and laser Bessel beam with three rings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006324-201902000-0000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001328DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Case Report: Management of Corneal Clouding from Lecithin: Cholesterol Acyltransferase Deficiency.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):137-141

Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York

Significance: Given that there are few reported cases of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency, recognition of the condition with proper management is notable. Long-term follow-up and contact lens fitting after penetrating keratoplasty provide best possible outcomes.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report a case of LCAT deficiency successfully treated with penetrating keratoplasty and longer-term follow-up with contact lens fitting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001329DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Auditory Global Positioning System and Advanced Driver Assistance Systems: A Safer Alternative to Bioptic Telescopes for Drivers Who Are Visually Impaired?

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):130-132

Colleges of Engineering and Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

This work challenges the standard of the past 40 years, which required the use of a bioptic telescope by individuals with vision loss wanting to be licensed to drive in most states in the United States.Driving continues to be the key to independence for many individuals, particularly older drivers who live in an area where public transportation is limited or nonexistent. For the past 40 years, the most frequently option to allow drivers who are visually impaired to maintain driving privileges was to require them to use a bioptic telescope. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001326DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Supporting Dry Eye Diagnosis with a New Method for Noninvasive Tear Film Quality Assessment.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):103-110

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science Technology, Wroclaw, Poland.

Significance: Noninvasive high-speed videokeratoscopy equipped with specific software has shown potential for assessing the homeostasis of tear film, providing clinicians with a fast and consistent tool for supporting dry eye diagnosis and management.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a recently proposed method for characterizing tear film dynamics using noninvasive high-speed videokeratoscopy in assessing the loss of homeostasis of tear film.

Methods: Thirty subjects from a retrospective study, of which 11 were classified as dry eye and 19 as healthy, were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001336DOI Listing
February 2019

Experimental Study of Refraction Effects of Nominally Plano Ophthalmic Prisms and Magnifying Lenses.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):111-116

School of Optometry and Vision Sciences and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia

Significance: Nominally plano ophthalmic prisms give autorefraction results similar to those predicted on the basis of how effective powers change with pantoscopic tilt, and magnifying lenses give autorefraction results similar to those predicted on the basis of vergence changes. Without appreciation of the optics involved, these effects might wrongly be considered artifacts.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the interactions of autorefractors with lenses and prisms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001334DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A Novel Method for Optical Distortion Quantification.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):117-123

Engility Corporation, JBSA Fort-Sam, Houston, Texas

Significance: Optical distortion is the image degradation of a visual target induced by a transparent material. Current Air Force evaluation of distortion is an entirely qualitative assessment of the acceptability of image distortion. The novel, quantitative technique described here is capable of identifying 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001335DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Case Report: Primary Conjunctival Non-Hodgkin Marginal Zone Lymphoma.

Authors:
Loren W Bennett

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):133-136

Significance: Ophthalmic manifestations of non-Hodgkin lymphoma are rare, and the diagnosis can be delayed because of nonspecific symptoms and a tendency to mimic the appearance of other ocular diseases. Suspicious presentations will require confirmation of the lymphoma through surgical biopsy.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present an isolated conjunctival non-Hodgkin marginal zone lymphoma without systemic involvement, which was successfully managed with external beam radiation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001337DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Comparison of Three Different Tonometers in Eyes with Angle Closure.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):124-129

Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

Significance: Precise measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential when diagnosing and managing glaucoma. We compared the IOP readings of three different tonometers and analyzed agreement among tonometers in eyes with high IOPs.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the IOP readings obtained using a Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT), a rebound tonometer (RT), and a Tono-Pen (TP) in angle-closure eyes with elevated IOP before and after medical IOP-lowering therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001325DOI Listing
February 2019
2.038 Impact Factor

Outcomes After Comprehensive Vision Rehabilitation Using Vision-related Quality of Life Questionnaires: Impact of Vision Impairment and National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):87-94

Lighthouse Guild, New York, New York.

Significance: This research is significant because, although vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) is improved after vision rehabilitation (VR), patients with certain characteristics respond less positively on VRQoL measures, and this should inform future care.

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to evaluate how two VRQoL questionnaires compare in measuring change in patient-reported outcomes after VR and to determine if patient characteristics or occupational therapy (OT) predict higher scores after rehabilitation.

Methods: In a prospective clinical cohort study, 109 patients with low vision completed the Impact of Vision Impairment (IVI) and the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) before and after VR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006324-900000000-9817
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001327DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Changes in the Properties of the Preferred Retinal Locus with Eccentric Viewing Training.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Feb;96(2):79-86

Blind Rehabilitation Center, Edward Hines Jr. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, Illinois

Significance: This study explores whether eccentric viewing training (EVT) changes the properties of the retinal area used for fixation in subjects with bilateral macular disease. The data presented demonstrate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial on EVT.

Purpose: Patients with bilateral central scotomas adopt other retinal area(s) called preferred retinal locus to substitute the blind fovea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006324-900000000-9817
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001324DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Scientific Integrity and the Reproducibility Crisis.

Authors:
Michael D Twa

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):1-2

Editor in Chief Birmingham, AL.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001339DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Effect of Vision Therapy on Accommodative Lag in Myopic Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):17-26

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510060, China.

Significance: Accommodative dysfunction has been suggested to be related to the development and progression of myopia. Office-based accommodative/vergence therapy (OBAVT) improved accommodative facility in Chinese myopic children, but it is unclear if such improvement has a role in decreasing myopic progression.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of OBAVT with home reinforcement and office-based placebo therapy (OBPT) as a treatment to improve accommodative functions (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001316DOI Listing
January 2019
19 Reads

Development and Psychometric Assessment of Novel Item Banks for Hereditary Retinal Diseases.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):27-34

NHMRC Centre for Clinical Eye Research, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Significance: This study develops psychometrically valid item banks across 10 areas of quality of life (QoL) specific to people with hereditary retinal diseases, which will enable clinicians and researchers to explore the impact of hereditary retinal diseases across all aspects of QoL.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of hereditary retinal disease QoL item banks using Rasch analysis and demonstrate the effectiveness of a computerized adaptive testing (CAT) system in obtaining precise measurement of QoL using only a few items.

Methods: The hereditary retinal disease item banks were answered by 233 participants (median age, 58 years; range, 18 to 94 years; female participants, 59%). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001317DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Theoretical Study of Refraction Effects of Plano Ophthalmic Prisms.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):35-42

School of Optometry and Vision Sciences and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia

Significance: Nominally plano prisms can have appreciable refractive errors that exceed the usual prescribing step of 0.25 D, particularly when an eye rotates to view off-axis objects.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine theoretically the refractive power effects of nominally plano-refracting power prisms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001321DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Intraocular Pressure Elevation during Lateral Body Posture in Side-sleeping Glaucoma Patients.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):62-70

Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

Significance: In side-sleeping open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients, eyes that showed progression exhibited a greater intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation when subjects were rested in the lateral decubitus (LD) posture on the ipsilateral side compared with those eyes that did not progress.

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate whether lying in the LD position for an extended period affects IOP in side-sleeping patients with OAG when rested on their own pillow and to compare posture-induced IOP variations between eyes with recent glaucomatous progression and those without.

Methods: Twenty-eight bilateral OAG patients who reported a preference for side sleeping were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001322DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads
2.038 Impact Factor

Blue-blocking Filters and Digital Eyestrain.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):48-54

SUNY College of Optometry, New York, New York

Significance: Many manufacturers are currently marketing blue-blocking (BB) filters, which they claim will reduce the symptoms of digital eyestrain (DES). However, there is limited evidence to support the proposal that DES results from the blue light emitted by these devices.

Purpose: The visual and ocular symptoms commonly experienced when viewing digital screens are collectively termed DES. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001318DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Case Report: Sequelae of Bilateral Iris Pigment Epithelial Cysts Masquerading as Primary Pigmentary Glaucoma.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):71-75

San Francisco Veterans Affairs Health Care System, San Francisco, California.

Significance: Patients with pigment dispersion syndrome are frequently encountered in clinical practice. Iris abnormalities and the absence of key features of pigment dispersion syndrome can guide the discovery of secondary causes of pigmentary glaucoma, such as peripheral iris pigment epithelial cysts.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a patient initially diagnosed as having primary pigmentary glaucoma found to have multiple bilateral peripheral iris pigment epithelial cysts causing pigment liberation, focal angle closure, and advanced secondary glaucoma. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001323DOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

Objective Assessment of Disparity Vergence after Treatment of Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):3-16

Significance: This first report of the use of objective measures of disparity vergence as outcome measures for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children provides additional information that is not accessible with clinical tests. The study results also demonstrate that objective measures of vergence could be used in future randomized clinical trials of binocular vision disorders with children.

Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate changes in objective measures of disparity vergence after office-based vergence/accommodative therapy (OBVAT) for convergence insufficiency in children 12 to 17 years old. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006324-900000000-9818
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305249PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Effect of Orthokeratology on Axial Length Elongation in Anisomyopic Children.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):43-47

1Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing Key Laboratory of Restoration of Damaged Ocular Nerve, Beijing, China

Significance: Anisomyopia is a natural experimental paradigm that compares dose response between fellow eyes. This study is the first to explore whether orthokeratology (ortho-k) has a dose-response effect on axial length growth and reduces the interocular difference in axial length in anisomyopic children.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of ortho-k on axial length elongation between the fellow eyes of anisomyopic children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001315DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Reading Ability in Primary Open-angle Glaucoma: Evaluation with Radner Reading Charts.

Optom Vis Sci 2019 Jan;96(1):55-61

Eye Clinic, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy

Significance: This study determined the impact of visual disabilities caused by glaucoma on the patient's everyday life and emphasized the importance of developing strategies to improve reading ability in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients.

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate the reading performances of patients affected by POAG using the Italian version of the Radner Reading Charts and to test the presence of correlation between visual field (VF) damage and reading parameters.

Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, all patients underwent a complete ophthalmic evaluation including VF testing and evaluation of reading performance using the Radner Reading Charts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001319DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Erratum.

Authors:

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Dec;95(12):1168

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001314DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

2018 American Academy of Optometry Ocular Photography Contest.

Authors:

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Dec;95(12):1162-1165

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001330DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Optometry and Vision Science: 2018 Year End Review.

Authors:
Michael Twa

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Dec;95(12):1087

Editor in Chief Birmingham, AL.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001338DOI Listing
December 2018