3,223 results match your criteria Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association [Journal]


New trends in early diagnosis of hydroxychloroquine toxic retinopathy.

Optometry 2012 May 31;83(5):200-7. Epub 2012 May 31.

Sioux Falls Veterans Affairs Health Care System, 2501 W. 22nd Street, Sioux Falls, SD 57017, USA.

Background: Toxic retinopathy is an uncommon sequella in the treatment of certain autoimmune diseases with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ). We present two cases of HCQ toxic retinopathy, as well as a discussion on how to diagnose and manage early toxicity findings;

Case Reports: Two cases are presented of patients who experienced toxic effects of HCQ therapy. The first patient had bull's eye maculopathy confirmed with visual field testing and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Read More

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May 2012
7 Reads

Current status on the development and treatment of myopia.

Optometry 2012 May 31;83(5):179-99. Epub 2012 May 31.

State University of New York, State College of Optometry, 33 W. 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, USA.

This is a review of the current literature describing the effect of atropine, bifocals, and/or contact lenses on slowing the progression of myopia. Cumulative data from a number of studies have demonstrated atropine instilled once a day in myopic eyes resulted in a 90% average reduction of myopia progression, as compared to untreated eyes, i.e. Read More

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May 2012
28 Reads

Normalization of retinal nerve fiber layer with stratus optical coherence tomography after bilateral diabetic papillopathy.

Optometry 2012 May 31;83(5):173-8. Epub 2012 May 31.

Harry S Truman Memorial Veterans Hospital Eye Clinic, 800 Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65201, USA.

Background: Diabetic papillopathy is a benign optic neuropathy with a favorable predictable visual outcome, found in Type 1 and Type 2 patients with diabetes mellitus. The condition manifests with optic disc edema and minimal optic nerve dyfunction. Previous reports have described several similarities between diabetic papillopathy and non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy; however, there are clinical differences that make them unique conditions;

Case Report: A 62 year old Caucasian male with Type 2 diabetes manifested bilateral optic disc edema without visual dysfunction. Read More

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May 2012
13 Reads

Central corneal thickness measurements obtained with anterior segment spectral domain optical coherence tomography compared to ultrasound pachymetry in healthy subjects.

Optometry 2012 May 31;83(5):167-72. Epub 2012 May 31.

Nova Southeastern University, 3200 S. University Drive, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33328, USA.

Introduction: Central corneal thickness (CCT) imparts information about an individual's risk of conversion to glaucoma from ocular hypertension, progression of established glaucoma, and the likelihood of developing structural and functional abnormalities in patients with ocular hypertension. Most typically, CCT is measured through ultrasound (US) pachymetry. Currently, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has the ability to image the anterior segment, cornea, and anterior chamber angle. Read More

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May 2012
9 Reads

Ocular contusion with microhyphema and commotio retinae.

Authors:
Melissa Misko

Optometry 2012 May 31;83(5):161-6. Epub 2012 May 31.

Background: Blunt force trauma can affect all structures in the eye, frequently causing complications such as hyphema or microhyphema. A hyphema is defined as bleeding in the anterior chamber that layers and forms a visible clot. A microhyphema occurs when the red blood cells are suspended in the anterior chamber, and do not form a layered clot. Read More

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May 2012
14 Reads

A novel approach to health care?

Authors:
Paul B Freeman

Optometry 2012 May 31;83(5):159. Epub 2012 May 31.

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May 2012
3 Reads

Convergence insufficiency-a major review.

Optometry 2012 Apr 30;83(4):137-58. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

State University of New York, State College of Optometry, 33 W. 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, USA.

Convergence insufficiency is a common binocular vision disorder affecting approximately 5% of the population in the United States. It is often associated with a host of symptoms that occur when doing near work, such as reading and computer viewing. This article reviews the existing literature on convergence insufficiency including etiology, diagnosis, sensorimotor findings, and management. Read More

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April 2012
14 Reads

Distance perception in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Optometry 2012 Apr 30;83(4):127-36. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

SUNY State College of Optometry, Departments of Vision Sciences and Clinical Sciences, 33 West 42nd Street, New York City, NY 10036, USA.

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess monocular and binocular distance perception, and stereoacuity, in individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) who reported the symptom of "poor depth perception";

Methods: Ten patients with mTBI were tested and compared with ten visually-normal asymptomatic individuals in the following areas: perceived distance, stereoacuity at distance (3 meters) and near (40 cm), and a 9-item 5-point rating-scale questionnaire related to distance perception. Distance perception was assessed under monocular and binocular viewing conditions in both clustered and isolated static environments. Magnitude estimation was used to obtain the distance perception response function of physical versus perceived distance using common objects positioned at distances of 0. Read More

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April 2012
9 Reads

Intralenticular neovascularization in a cataractous crystalline lens.

Optometry 2012 Apr 30;83(4):125-6. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

Nova Southeastern University, College of Optometry, 3301 College Avenue, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.

Background: Neovascularization can occur in various ocular structures including the retina, iris, anterior chamber angle and cornea; however, it rarely occurs in the crystalline lens. Neovascularization results secondary to hypoxic conditions within the eye. A natural balance of angiogenic and antiangiogenic factors are critical for the eye to prevent the formation of neovascularization. Read More

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April 2012
6 Reads

Development of the AOA Code of Ethics and Standards of Professional Conduct.

Optometry 2012 Apr 30;83(4):123-4. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

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April 2012
16 Reads

"There is always a well-known solution to every human problem-neat, plausible, and wrong." H.L. Menken.

Authors:
Paul B Freeman

Optometry 2012 Apr 30;83(4):120. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

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April 2012
7 Reads

Progressive, asymptomatic papilledema as the presenting sign of a Chiari I malformation.

Optometry 2012 Mar 30;83(3):114-9. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Illinois College of Optometry, 3241 S. Michigan Ave, Chicago, IL 60616, USA.

Background: Chiari I malformation (CM1) is the caudal herniation of the cerebellar tonsils into the foramen magnum. It can cause several neurological signs and symptoms, or be asymptomatic. Papilledema is a potential, but unusual, manifestation of CM1. Read More

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March 2012
11 Reads

Dry-eye--is inflammation just the tip of the iceberg?

Optometry 2012 Mar 30;83(3):111-3. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Universityof Missouri-St. Louis College of Optometry, One University Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63121-4400, USA.

Background: Dry eye syndrome (DES) has been described by The International Dry Eye WorkShop as ''multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance and tear instability with potential damage to the ocular surface.'' Inflammation has been recognized as a primary contributor to the disease and was a tremendous step forward in the description and treatment of DES. Although most treatments of DES treat inflammation, the signs and symptoms of DES usually return shortly after discontinuing the use of the anti-inflammatory agent;

Case: We present a case of a 70-year-old patient who presents with significant dry eye symptoms for 2 years. Read More

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March 2012
15 Reads

Lipemia retinalis: a combination of genetics and the American diet and lifestyle.

Optometry 2012 Mar 30;83(3):107-10. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System, 3601 S.6th Avenue (2-112A), Tucson, AZ 85723, USA.

Background: Lipemia retinalis is a well-documented but rate ocular finding directly associated with serum triglyceride levels. The clinical presentation varies with the amount of triglycerides in the blood and completely resolves with lowering triglyceride levels, making this condition transient with no visual symptoms;

Case Report: A 46-year old white man presented with lipemia retinalis and, hours later, to the Emergency department with acute pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia;

Conclusion: Lipemia retinalis warrants an immediate complete blood count and lipid panel to Determine triglyceride levels with referral to a primary care provider. Read More

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March 2012
17 Reads

A comparision of short and long reading passages in symptomatic vs. asymptomatic subjects.

Optometry 2012 Mar 30;83(3):101-6. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Background: The visual system is necessary for reading. Understanding the mechanics of eye movements during reading can give insight into the reading process. The ReadAlyzer is an electronic recording system that measures eye movements while reading. Read More

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March 2012
10 Reads

Duty to educate.

Authors:
Samuel D Pierce

Optometry 2012 Mar 30;83(3):99-100. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

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March 2012
14 Reads

Eulogy for a great deader and educator: Irvin M. Borish, O.D.

Authors:
Alden N Haffner

Optometry 2012 Mar 30;83(3):97. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

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March 2012
9 Reads

A nagging question...!

Authors:
Paul B Freeman

Optometry 2012 Mar 30;83(3):95. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

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March 2012
5 Reads

An iPod treatment of amblyopia: an updated binocular approach.

Optometry 2012 Feb 15;83(2):87-94. Epub 2012 Feb 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada H3A1A1.

We describe the successful translation of computerized and space-consuming laboratory equipment for the treatment of suppression to a small handheld iPod device (Apple iPod; Apple Inc., Cupertino, California). A portable and easily obtainable Apple iPod display, using current video technology offers an ideal solution for the clinical treatment of suppression. Read More

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February 2012
10 Reads

Chiari I malformation presenting as downbeat nystagmus: clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management.

Optometry 2012 Feb 15;83(2):80-6. Epub 2012 Feb 15.

Pacific University College of Optometry, 2043 College Way, Forest Grove, OR 97116, USA.

Introduction: Chiari I malformation is a congenital, neurological condition that is characterized by defects of the skull base resulting in herniation of the cerebellum through the foramen magnum into the cervical spinal canal. Because the condition can result in visual symptoms, patients will often search for answers from their eye care providers;

Case Report: A 28-year-old Hispanic diabetic male with a 10-year history of nystagmus was referred to the neuro-ophthalmic disease clinic following the initiation of oscillopsia 1 year previous. Downbeat nystagmus, which worsened in right and down gaze, was evident. Read More

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February 2012
12 Reads

Central toxic keratopathy: a case study and literature review.

Authors:
Linda A Morgan

Optometry 2012 Feb 15;83(2):74-9. Epub 2012 Feb 15.

Omaha Eye and Laser Institute, 606 N. 164th Street, Omaha, NE 68118, USA.

Background: Central toxic keratopathy (CTK) is a rare, non-inflammatory corneal opacity that can occur after corneal laser refractive surgery. It is characterized by the absence of inflammatory cells within the cornea or anterior chamber, central stromal necrosis, and corneal opacification, with an onset of 3 to 9 days after refractive surgery;

Case Study: This case report reviews the clinical findings, differential diagnosis, possible etiologies, and management of CTK;

Conclusion: Though listed in the literature under numerous names, including diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) Stage IV, central lamellar keratitis (CLK), central flap necrosis (CFN), flap necrosis syndrome (FNS), and keratocyte-induced corneal microedema (KME), the conditions share characteristics with CTK, including clinical findings and treatment modalities. Treatment for CTK is controversial, though studies show best practices include close monitoring for possible corneal melt, avoiding topical corticosteroids, and possible enhancements for resultant hyperopia. Read More

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February 2012
40 Reads

1971 - 2011: Forty year history of scope expansion into medical eye care.

Authors:
Sherry L Cooper

Optometry 2012 Feb 15;83(2):64-73. Epub 2012 Feb 15.

American Optometric Association, 243 North Lindbergh Boulevard, Saint Louis, MO 63141, USA.

The focus of this paper is to provide a historical timeline for many of the well over 180 incremental scope of practice expansion and amplification legislative successes achieved in the United States (U.S.) during the 40-year period 1971 - 2011 that cumulatively expanded optometry into medical eye care. Read More

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February 2012
4 Reads

Ninety is the new...ninety!

Authors:
Paul B Freeman

Optometry 2012 Feb 15;83(2):61-2. Epub 2012 Feb 15.

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February 2012
3 Reads

Taking steps to limit appointment no-shows.

Authors:
Gary Gerber

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):59-60

The Power Practice.

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January 2012
7 Reads

Top 10 tax blunders.

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):56-8

May & Company, LLP, LA, USA.

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January 2012
8 Reads

Nutrients in the battle against age-related eye diseases.

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):47-55

DSM Nutritional Products LLC, Parsippany, NJ, USA.

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January 2012
17 Reads

The Florida Heiken Children's Vision Program.

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):43-6

Miami Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired, FL, USA.

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January 2012
24 Reads

It's all in a name--or is it?

Authors:
Gary Gerber

Optometry 2011 Dec;82(12):771-2

The PowerPractice, USA.

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December 2011
7 Reads

The advantages of an incorporated practice.

Optometry 2011 Dec;82(12):768-70

May & Company, LLP, USA.

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December 2011
3 Reads

A practical guide to prescribing daily disposables.

Authors:
Peter Bergenske

Optometry 2011 Dec;82(12):766-7

Alcon Vision Care, USA.

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December 2011
6 Reads

Practical hints on meaningful use.

Authors:

Optometry 2011 Dec;82(12):757-65

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December 2011
25 Reads

Corneal collagen cross-linking: an introduction and literature review.

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):33-42

Keller Army Community Hospital, West Point, and State University of New York, College of Optometry, New York, NY, USA.

Background: This literature review analyzes the scientific evidence available regarding corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) as a treatment option for progressive keratectasia.

Methods: A literature search was performed using dates from 1990 to August 2010 regarding CXL Specific areas of focus for the literature review include safety and efficacy of the procedure as a stand-alone treatment or when used in conjunction with Intacs® corneal implants (Addition Technology™) or photorefractive keratectomy (PRK).

Results: A total of 50 clinical trials and studies were identified, 20 of which met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.09.011DOI Listing
January 2012
13 Reads

Remote treatment of intermittent central suppression improves quality-of-life measures.

Authors:
Eric S Hussey

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):19-26

Background: Intermittent central suppression (ICS) is a repetitive intermittent ("on-and-off") loss of central visual sensation without strabismus or amblyopia. These repetitive seconds-long suppressions have been suggested to create visual confusion and instability that would cause vision symptoms, contribute to reading complaints, and even impair reading.

Methods: Teacher-identified Job Corps students were diagnosed with ICS and then treated with 5-Hz electronic liquid crystal shutter alternate occlusion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15291839110050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.05.009DOI Listing
January 2012
4 Reads

Demyelinating optic neuritis presenting as a clinically isolated syndrome.

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):9-18

Multiple Sclerosis Eye Center for Analysis, Research, & Education (MS-Eye CARE), University Eye Institute, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-2020, USA.

Background: Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) describes a single, first-occurrence attack caused by inflammation/demyelination in 1 or more locations in the central nervous system. The optic nerve is a frequent site affected by this neurologic event. As the name implies, CIS is an isolated condition but is often considered a precursor to multiple sclerosis (MS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.10.010DOI Listing
January 2012
4 Reads

Physiological causes of solar maculopathy. Letter.

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):6; author reply 6

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.11.001DOI Listing
January 2012
4 Reads

Seeing well is the key to learning in a world of 3-D.

Authors:
Jill Luebbert

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):3-4

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.11.010DOI Listing
January 2012
5 Reads

Thinking beyond ourselves.

Authors:
Paul B Freeman

Optometry 2012 Jan;83(1):1-2

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15291839110060
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.11.011DOI Listing
January 2012
4 Reads

Hepatitis C and interferon-associated retinopathy: a case report.

Authors:
Ann M Van Wie

Optometry 2011 Dec;82(12):739-43

Emory Eye Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Background: Hepatitis C is a common virus affecting approximately 170 million people worldwide. The main ocular manifestations of hepatitis C virus include a Sjögren-type of dry eye syndrome and an ischemic retinopathy secondary to treatment with interferon or a result of a systemic vasculitis induced by the infection itself. Current treatment for hepatitis C is a combination therapy using pegylated (long-lasting) interferon and ribavirin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2010.11.016DOI Listing
December 2011
3 Reads

Nonsimultaneous bilateral nonrhegmatogenous retinal detachments presenting as a complication of panuveitis in the setting of idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome.

Authors:
Faheemah Saeed

Optometry 2011 Dec;82(12):728-38

Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, USA.

Background: Idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome (IOIS), also known as orbital pseudotumor, consists of a spectrum of idiopathic, nonneoplastic, noninfectious, space-occupying lesions, without identifiable local or systemic cause. This case demonstrates a unique presentation of IOIS associated with panuveitis and nonsimultaneous bilateral serous nonrhegmatogenous retinal detachments (NRRD).

Methods: A 38-year-old man initially presented with a unilateral uveitis that progressed quite rapidly to a bilateral presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.04.105DOI Listing
December 2011
9 Reads

Optometry's impact at year's end.

Authors:
Paul B Freeman

Optometry 2011 Dec;82(12):719-20

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.10.004DOI Listing
December 2011
3 Reads

Acupuncture still popular.

Authors:
Byron Y Newman

Optometry 2011 Oct;82(10):597

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October 2011
6 Reads

A survey of optometry leadership: participation in disaster response.

Optometry 2012 Jan 26;83(1):27-32. Epub 2011 Oct 26.

New York University College of Dentistry, Department of Epidemiology & Health Promotion, New York, New York 10003, USA.

Background: A study was completed to assess the academic and state-level professional optometry leadership views regarding optometry professionals as surge responders in the event of a catastrophic event.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a 21-question, self-administered, structured questionnaire. All U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.06.012DOI Listing
January 2012
8 Reads

Eyelid arteriovenous malformation treated with embolization leading to a branch retinal artery occlusion.

Authors:
Jonathan Shaver

Optometry 2011 Dec 26;82(12):744-50. Epub 2011 Oct 26.

The Eye Center, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72703, USA.

Background: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are serious vascular abnormalities that rarely affect the eye. However, documented cases of eyelid AVMs have been reported to occur spontaneously or after trauma. Treatment for AVMs, which generally include embolization and resection, can also pose a risk to a patient's life and vision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.06.010DOI Listing
December 2011
6 Reads

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of zeaxanthin and visual function in patients with atrophic age-related macular degeneration: the Zeaxanthin and Visual Function Study (ZVF) FDA IND #78, 973.

Optometry 2011 Nov;82(11):667-680.e6

Captain James A. Lovell Federal Health Care Facility, North Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether dietary supplementation with the carotenoid zeaxanthin (Zx) raises macula pigment optical density (MPOD) and has unique visual benefits for patients with early atrophic macular degeneration having visual symptoms but lower-risk National Institute of Health/National Eye Institute/Age-Related Eye Disease Study characteristics.

Methods: This was a 1-year, n = 60 (57 men, 3 women), 4-visit, intention-to-treat, prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial of patients (74.9 years, standard deviation [SD] 10) with mild-to-moderate age-related macular degeneration (AMD) randomly assigned to 1 of 2 dietary supplement carotenoid pigment intervention groups: 8 mg Zx (n = 25) and 8 mg Zx plus 9 mg lutein (L) (n = 25) or 9 mg L ("Faux Placebo," control group, n = 10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.08.008DOI Listing
November 2011
11 Reads

Nearwork-induced changes in lenticular thickness in different refractive groups.

Optometry 2011 Nov;82(11):662-6

School of Optometry, Midwestern University, Glendale, Arizona, USA.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to directly measure lenticular thickness and its additivity after 1 and 2 hours of continuous reading at near in myopic and emmetropic young adults.

Methods: Thirty-five subjects consisting of 12 early-onset myopes, 11 late-onset myopes, and 12 emmetropes were tested. Axial lenticular thickness was measured in the right eye using A-scan ultrasonography before and immediately after 1 and 2 hours of continuous reading at near (35 to 40 cm). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.07.013DOI Listing
November 2011
5 Reads

An outstanding online experience.

Authors:
Paul B Freeman

Optometry 2011 Nov;82(11):651

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.09.003DOI Listing
November 2011
5 Reads

Toric soft contact lens fit in a postoperative LASIK keratoectasia patient with high and irregular astigmatism.

Authors:
David P Roncone

Optometry 2011 Dec 22;82(12):751-6. Epub 2011 Oct 22.

Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: Keratoectasia is a rare but well-known complication after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Patients with this condition can have high and irregular astigmatism. When the treatment of the high astigmatic correction cannot be accomplished surgically or when the keratoectasia patient rejects surgical enhancement, optical correction with devices such as soft or rigid gas-permeable contact lenses may be pursued. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.06.011DOI Listing
December 2011
4 Reads

Case report: the correction of a high magnitude of astigmatism with laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis.

Optometry 2011 Oct;82(10):614-21

Mann Eye Institute and Laser Centers, Houston, Texas 77002, USA.

Background: Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) has undergone several evolutions since it was first approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2011.02.019DOI Listing
October 2011
5 Reads