1,645 results match your criteria Optometric Management [Journal]


Two-dimensional correlation analysis of Raman microspectroscopy of subcellular interactions of drugs in vitro.

J Biophotonics 2018 Nov 9:e201800328. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

FOCAS Research Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland.

Two-dimensional (2D) correlation analysis is explored to data mine the time evolution of the characteristic Raman microspectroscopic signatures of the subcellular responses of the nucleoli of human lung cancer cells to the uptake of doxorubicin. A simulated dataset of experimental control spectra, perturbed with systematically time-dependent spectral changes, constituted by a short-term response which represents the initial binding of the drug in the nucleolus, followed by a longer term response of the organelle metabolism, is used to validate the analysis protocol. Applying 2D correlation analysis, the in phase, synchronous correlation coefficients are seen to contain contributions of both response profiles, whereas they can be independently extracted from the out of phase, asynchronous correlation coefficients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201800328DOI Listing
November 2018

The value of cycloplegia in optometric refraction of adults in a population study.

Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 14. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

The Eye Hospital, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.13933DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Visual acuity assessment in diabetes.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Sep;68(9):1407-1409

Department of Ophthalmology, Cygnus Hospital, Karnal, India.

Optometric or visual acuity assessment is an essential part of ophthalmologic examination. Visual acuity measurement serves as a tool for screening of ophthalmic disorders, as well as diagnosis and monitoring of refractive errors and other causes of reduced acuity. Persons with diabetes may experience situations which impair visual acuity, or which impact the utility of refractive visual acuity assessment. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Refractive error and visual impairment in Ireland schoolchildren.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

School of Physics and Clinical and Optometric Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland.

Aim: To report refractive error prevalence and visual impairment in Republic of Ireland (henceforth 'Ireland') schoolchildren.

Methods: The Ireland Eye Study examined 1626 participants (881 boys, 745 girls) in two age groups, 6-7 years (728) and 12-13 years (898), in Ireland between June 2016 and January 2018. Participating schools were selected by stratified random sampling, representing a mix of school type (primary/postprimary), location (urban/rural) and socioeconomic status (disadvantaged/advantaged). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-312573DOI Listing
October 2018

Anatomic Studies of the Miniature Swine Cornea.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Nov 5;301(11):1955-1967. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky.

The domestic swine eye resembles the human eye both anatomically and physiologically. Xenotransplantation of the swine cornea to humans in need of full keratoplasty shows promise as a potential therapeutic strategy to restore vision in individuals with advanced corneal disease, especially those residing in developing nations. That said, we characterized the morphology of corneas from miniature swine, which are smaller in size, easier to handle, and more cost-effective compared to domestic swine. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ar.23890
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.23890DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Meeting the need for corrective spectacles in visually impaired Chinese school children: the potential of ready-made spectacles.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 2. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China

Purpose: To assess the potential of ready-made (spherical) spectacles (RMS) in meeting the need for refractive correction in visually impaired children in China.

Methods: Eligible children aged 5-17 years were identified from the three study sites in China. Distance visual acuity was measured with a retroilluminated logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution chart with tumbling E optotypes. Read More

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http://bjo.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-3122
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-312262DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Optometric Research Summit: 2018.

Authors:
Michael D Twa

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Oct;95(10):909-910

Editor in Chief Birmingham, AL.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001302DOI Listing
October 2018

Raman spectroscopy for the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer and its subtypes: An in vitro proof-of-concept study.

Cytopathology 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

School of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland.

Objective: In 2016, there were an estimated 56 870 new cases of thyroid cancer (TC) in the USA. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is the most safe, accurate and cost-effective method for the initial investigation of thyroid nodules. FNAC is limited by the inability to diagnose malignancy in follicular-patterned lesions accurately and, as a result, 20%-30% of cases under investigation for TC are classified as cytologically indeterminate, illustrating a problem with current FNAC procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cyt.12636DOI Listing
October 2018

Agreement of post-LASIK corneal power and corneal thickness measurements by pentacam and GALILEI corneal tomography systems.

J Chin Med Assoc 2018 Sep 26. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

Background: Post-LASIK corneal conditions cannot be accurately measured by traditional optometric approaches. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the agreement of two rotating Scheimpflug cameras in corneal assessment.

Methods: Fifty otherwise healthy volunteers who had undergone LASIK were recruited in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcma.2018.07.005DOI Listing
September 2018

Raman spectroscopy detects biochemical changes due to different cell culture environments in live cells in vitro.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2018 Nov 25;410(28):7537-7550. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

School of Physics and Clinical & Optometric Sciences, Nanolab Research Centre, FOCAS Research Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland.

The in vitro cell culture environment can impact on cell biochemistry and cell cycle. The manifestation of such substrate-induced changes in cell cycle in the Raman microspectroscopic profiles of cell cultures is investigated at the level of nucleolus, nucleus and cytoplasm. HeLa immortalised human cervical cells and HaCaT dermal cells were cultured on three different substrates, conventional polystyrene cell culture dishes, CaF slides as a commonly used Raman substrate, and glass slides coated with collagen rat tail, as a mimic of the extra-cellular matrix (ECM) environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-018-1371-5DOI Listing
November 2018

Repeatability of Arterial Spin Labeling MRI in Measuring Blood Perfusion in the Human Eye.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Quantifying blood perfusion in ocular tissues is challenging, partly because the majority of the blood is carried by the choroid, which is difficult to visualize because it is located between the retina and sclera.

Purpose/hypothesis: To evaluate the intra- and interday repeatability of MRI measures of chorio-retinal blood perfusion.

Study Type: Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jmri.26323
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.26323DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read
3.210 Impact Factor

Vision impairment after traumatic brain injury: present knowledge and future directions.

Rev Neurosci 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

James A. Haley Veterans Administration Hospital, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the USA as well as in the world. As a result of TBI, the visual system is also affected often causing complete or partial visual loss, which in turn affects the quality of life. It may also lead to ocular motor dysfunction, defective accommodation, and impaired visual perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/revneuro-2018-0015DOI Listing
September 2018

Infantile nystagmus: an optometrist's perspective.

Clin Optom (Auckl) 2017 25;9:123-131. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

Research Unit for Nystagmus, School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK,

Infantile nystagmus (IN), previously known as congenital nystagmus, is an involuntary to-and-fro movement of the eyes that persists throughout life. IN is one of three types of early-onset nystagmus that begin in infancy, alongside fusion maldevelopment nystagmus syndrome and spasmus nutans syndrome. Optometrists may also encounter patients with acquired nystagmus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTO.S126214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6118861PMC
September 2017
15 Reads

Myopia prevalence and risk factors in children.

Clin Ophthalmol 2018 29;12:1581-1587. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Baldwin Park, CA, USA,

Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for pediatric myopia in a contemporary American cohort.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of pediatric patients enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health plan was done. Eligible patients were 5- to 19-years old between January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2013, and received an ophthalmologic or optometric refraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S164641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6120514PMC

Creating correct blur and its effect on accommodation.

J Vis 2018 09;18(9)

Optometry & Vision Science, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Blur occurs naturally when the eye is focused at one distance and an object is presented at another distance. Computer-graphics engineers and vision scientists often wish to create display images that reproduce such depth-dependent blur, but their methods are incorrect for that purpose. They take into account the scene geometry, pupil size, and focal distances, but do not properly take into account the optical aberrations of the human eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/18.9.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126933PMC
September 2018
1 Read

The relationship between unwarranted variation in optometric referrals and time since qualification.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2018 Sep 2;38(5):550-561. Epub 2018 Sep 2.

School of Health and Social Care, London South Bank University, London, UK.

Purpose: To investigate variation in optometric referral decision-making and the influence of experience and continuing education and training (CET).

Methods: To gain insight into unwarranted variation in referral activity in the United Kingdom (UK): (1) triage data were audited to investigate source of referral, provisional diagnosis, and outcome; (2) an online system was developed to present two sets of 10 vignettes, designed to avoid prompting answers. Participating optometrists completed 10 pre-CET vignettes, recording their tests and management decisions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/opo.12580
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12580DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Sjogren's syndrome in optometric practices in North America.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2018 Dec 18;41(6):518-526. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

Centre for Contact Lens Research, University of Waterloo, Canada.

Purpose: To describe the presentation of dry eye in Sjogren's syndrome (SS) in optometric practices, to report on the methodology used in dry eye monitoring and to explore the level of corneal staining versus age and time of disease.

Methods: Records of SS patients were reviewed in 6 optometric sites. A standardized abstraction tool was developed to collect data from the records including: health history, medications and symptoms and signs of dry eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2018.08.006DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Factors influencing the decision of GHANAIAN optometry students to practice in rural areas after graduation.

BMC Med Educ 2018 Aug 6;18(1):188. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Background: Human resources for eye health are inequitably distributed in most developing countries including Ghana. In spite of this, most eye care workers are concentrated in urban areas to the disadvantage of rural dwellers who need the services of these workers the most. The aim of the study was to investigate factors that will influence Ghanaian Optometry students' decision to work in rural areas after completion of their training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1302-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090861PMC
August 2018
1 Read

2017 Glenn A. Fry Award Lecture: Establishing an Evidence-based Literature for Vision Therapy - A 25-year Journey.

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Aug;95(8):632-642

In this article, I summarize the 2017 Glenn A. Fry Award Lecture and my journey from student, to clinician, to optometric educator, and finally researcher/vision scientist. Although content for many years of teaching and practicing vision therapy, the era of evidence-based health care created a level of discomfort, as it became evident that my area of interest, vision therapy, had minimal quality evidence to support its use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078795PMC

Customary practices in the monitoring of dry eye disease in Sjogren's syndrome.

J Optom 2018 Oct - Dec;11(4):232-241. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Centre for Contact Lens Research, School of Optometry& Vision Science University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Purpose: Diagnostic testing for dry eye disease (DED) in Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is well described. Little is published about monitoring this systemic autoimmune DED. We analyzed the SS related DED tests used in North American optometric practices and compared academic settings to private practice settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2018.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147754PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Regional differences in vision health: findings from Mwanza, Tanzania.

Int Health 2018 Nov;10(6):457-465

Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, 850 Health Sciences Road, Irvine, CA, USA.

Background: Visual impairment in developing countries has both social and economic impact on individuals and communities. Understanding the subjective visual functioning of populations will allow for local policymakers to identify the need for optometric or ophthalmic services in their communities.

Methods: The authors surveyed 644 adult patients in Mwanza, Tanzania at three clinics (Buzuruga, Mwananchi and Kisesa) using a modified Visual Functioning Questionnaire 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihy046DOI Listing
November 2018

Choroidal detachments: what do optometrists need to know?

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jul 4. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, Australia.

Choroidal detachments occur when there is an accumulation of fluid or blood in the suprachoroidal space, a potential space situated between the choroid and the sclera. They are an uncommon ocular pathology. The most common cause of choroidal detachment is secondary to trabeculectomy; however, there are other causes such as trauma and inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12807DOI Listing
July 2018
13 Reads

Impact of car transport availability and drive time on eye examination uptake among adults aged ≥60 years: a record linkage study.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul 3. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Centre for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK.

Aim: To examine associations between uptake of free primary eye care, service availability (density of optometric practices) and service accessibility (household car access and drive time to nearest provider) after accounting for socioeconomic status and other individual, household and area factors.

Methods: We constructed a cohort of 294 870 community-dwelling adults aged 60 years, drawing contextual information from the 2011 Northern Ireland Census. Minimum drive times to the nearest optometry practice (1-19 min) and number of practices were derived for 890 geographical areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-312201DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads
2.980 Impact Factor

Eye function and physiology following a 161-km foot race.

Res Sports Med 2018 Oct-Dec;26(4):500-504. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

a Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation , University of California Davis Medical Center , Sacramento , CA , USA.

Significant visual impairment occurs in a small percentage of ultramarathon participants and is thought to be due to corneal edema. Yet, the usual effects of prolonged exercise on the eye have not been previously reported. Eight study volunteers who completed the 161-km Western States Endurance Run underwent pre-race and post-race binocular and monocular visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and corneal thickness measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2018.1492394DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms in individuals with visual impairment.

Clin Exp Optom 2019 Jan 25;102(1):63-69. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Science, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.

Background: Visual impairment is globally among the most prevalent disabilities. Research concerning the health consequences of visual deficits is challenged by confounding effects of age, because visual impairment becomes more prevalent with age. This study investigates the influence of visual deficits on visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms in adults with and without visual impairment, while controlling for age effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12806DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Food and Drug Administration, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Academy of Optometry, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, American Optometric Association, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, and Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists Co-Sponsored Workshop: Controlling the Progression of Myopia: Contact Lenses and Future Medical Devices.

Eye Contact Lens 2018 Jul;44(4):205-211

College of Optometry (J.J.W.), The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Office of Device Evaluation (M.W.R., G.N.H., M.E.T., M.B.E.), Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD; Division of Cornea and Refractive Surgery (N.A.A.), Shiley Eye Institute, La Jolla, CA; Refractive Surgery and the Cornea Service (D.K.D.), University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Eye Center, Pittsburgh, PA; Concord Eye Center (C.L.M.), Concord, NH; Omni Eye Services (C.J.Q.), Iselin, NJ; and Wilmer Eye Institute (M.X.R.), Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

The prevalence of myopia is high and increasing. Approximately 5 billion people around the world are expected to be myopic by the year 2050. Methods to slow the progression of myopia and therefore potentially decrease the associated sight-threatening complications have been the subject of a number of investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000511DOI Listing
July 2018
29 Reads

Accommodation, Convergence, and Stereopsis in Dyslexic Schoolchildren.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):14-18

Baharloo Hospital Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Previous studies have shown a correlation between reading problems and binocular function, but few studies have assessed visual skills in dyslexic students, particularly in Iranian Farsi-language students. This study is aimed to determine some of the binocular functions of dyslexic children and compare it with a group of age, sex, and social class-matched control children.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a case-control study on 27 dyslexic children and 40 age, sex, and social class-matched control children (all between 7 and 13 years old) in grades one to six. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_71_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974812PMC

Accommodative insufficiency in a student population in Iran.

J Optom 2018 May 22. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Optometry, School of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of accommodative insufficiency (AI) and its relation with age, gender, and refractive errors in a college-age student population in Iran.

Methods: The present study was conducted cross-sectionally in 2017. All students had optometric tests including measurement of visual acuity, objective and subjective refraction, as well as binocular vision and accommodative examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2018.03.006DOI Listing

"I can see fine": patient knowledge of eye care.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2018 Jul 17;38(4):422-431. Epub 2018 May 17.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Purpose: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions.

Methods: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12566DOI Listing

Effect of Cycloplegia on Corneal Biometrics and Refractive State.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):101-109

Ocular Tissue Engineering Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To determine changes in refractive state and corneal parameters after cycloplegia with cyclopentolate hydrochloride 1% using a dual Scheimpflug imaging system.

Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study patients aged 10 to 40 years who were referred for optometric evaluation enrolled and underwent autorefraction and corneal imaging with the Galilei dual Scheimpflug system before and 30 minutes after twice instillation of medication. Changes in refraction and astigmatism were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jovr.jovr_196_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5905301PMC

Parental attitudes to myopia: a key agent of change for myopia control?

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2018 May;38(3):298-308

School of Physics and Clinical and Optometric Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland.

Purpose: With the increasing prevalence in myopia there is growing interest in active myopia prevention. This study aims to increase our understanding of parental attitudes to myopia development and control, as a means to inform future health planning and policy. It evaluates, for the first time, the attitude of parents to myopia and its associated risks, as well as assessing the exposure of Irish children to environmental factors that may influence their risk profile for myopia development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12455DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Expanding the traditional role of optometry: Current practice patterns and attitudes to enhanced glaucoma services in Ireland.

J Optom 2018 Oct - Dec;11(4):252-261. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Dublin Institute of Technology, 19A Lower Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland; DIT Centre for Eye Research Ireland, Environmental Sustainability and Health Institute, Dublin, Ireland; African Vision Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.

Purpose: To investigate current diagnostic equipment availability and usage for glaucoma case-finding within community optometric practice, and to explore optometrists' attitudes towards an enhanced scope of clinical practice.

Methods: An anonymous survey was developed, validated, and distributed to all optometrists in Ireland.

Results: 199 optometrists (27% of registrants) responded to the survey. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18884296183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2018.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147747PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Implanting a posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens in highly myopic eyes with peripheral primary iris and ciliary body cysts.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Mar 1:1120672118766445. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

1 Key Laboratory of Myopia, Ministry of Health, Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: To investigate the safety and efficacy of implanting a posterior chamber implantable collamer lens with a central hole in cases of high myopia with peripheral primary iris or ciliary body cysts.

Methods: A total of 37 eyes of 19 patients with primary iris or ciliary body cysts detected by ultrasonic biological microscope were included, with spherical powers of -10.26 ± 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672118766445DOI Listing
March 2018
9 Reads
1.060 Impact Factor

Prevalence of esophoria in concussed patients.

J Optom 2018 Mar 27. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Vision Therapy and Neuro-optometric Rehabilitation, EyeCare Professionals, PC, Hamilton Square, NJ, United States.

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of esophoria at near in concussed patients in a neuro-optometric private practice setting.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed involving a chart review in a neuro-optometric, private practice setting of consecutive patients with a medical diagnosis of concussion from January 1st 2016 to December 31st 2016. A total of 71 patients were included in the analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2018.02.003DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Optometric infection control guidelines assessing patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Nov 23;101(6):727-731. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Faculty of Science, Waterloo School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

The purpose of this scoping review was to present the state of research regarding optometric infection control guidelines for the assessment of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and to identify any areas requiring further research. Twelve articles were carefully chosen for review. Data extracted included information regarding appropriate handwashing methods (five articles), indications for use of personal protective equipment (one article), management of surfaces that come in contact with an MRSA-infected person (three articles), recommendations for patient appointment scheduling/seating (three articles) and suggestions for staff training (three articles). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12681DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction in a Youthful Clinical Sample in Ghana.

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Apr;95(4):349-353

Department of Optometry, School of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Significance: This study showed a high frequency of nonobvious obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction, which can be detected only via the expression of the meibomian glands. The study advocates that meibomian gland expressibility should be a routine part of the clinical examination of patients especially those with dry eyes to avoid missing meibomian gland dysfunction among a youthful population.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of meibomian gland dysfunction including asymptomatic and symptomatic meibomian gland dysfunction and obvious and nonobvious obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction among a youthful population in Ghana. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006324-201804000-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001192DOI Listing
April 2018
18 Reads
2.040 Impact Factor

Monitoring VHA Optometric Eye Exam Services, Nation-Wide, 2014-2016.

Mil Med 2018 Mar 13. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

US Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Patient Care Services, Population Health Services, Palo Alto, CA.

Introduction: It is important to monitor the use of optometric services by Veterans and consider the implications for other optometric and vision rehabilitation services. We did not find public health reports documenting the recent utilization of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) optometric eye exam services.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used in this secondary data analysis report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usx192DOI Listing

Glaucoma referral refinement in Ireland: managing the sensitivity-specificity paradox in optometric practice.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2018 Jul 28;38(4):400-410. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Optometry, Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), Dublin, Ireland.

Purpose: Glaucoma referral refinement (GRR) has proven a successful demand management strategy for glaucoma suspect cases in the United Kingdom (UK). A GRR clinic was established in Dublin, Ireland to investigate the clinical viability of this pathway outside the UK's National Health Service (NHS) structures, and away from the influence of National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance.

Methods: Glaucoma suspect patients were recruited into the scheme following referral from community optometrists in the greater Dublin area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12446DOI Listing

Synthesis, characterisation and DNA intercalation studies of regioisomers of ruthenium (II) polypyridyl complexes.

J Inorg Biochem 2018 May 9;182:71-82. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

School of Food Science and Environmental Health, Dublin Institute of Technology, Cathal Brugha St, Dublin 1, Ireland. Electronic address:

Regioisomers of the functional group of the main ligand (L) on a series of [Ru(phen)L]and [Ru(bpy)L] complexes, where phen is 1,10 phenanthroline and bpy is 2,2'-bipyridine, were synthesised to investigate the interaction with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as potential therapeutics. UV-Vis binding titrations, thermal denaturation and circular dichroism were used to evaluate their interaction with DNA. The conclusions indicated the significance of the auxiliary ligand; especially 1,10-phenanthroline has on the binding constants (K). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01620134173053
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2018.01.018DOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

In vitro comparative cytotoxicity study of aminated polystyrene, zinc oxide and silver nanoparticles on a cervical cancer cell line.

Drug Chem Toxicol 2018 Jan 23:1-15. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

a NANOLAB Research Centre , Focas Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology , Dublin 8 , Ireland.

Nanoparticles use in nano-biotechnology applications have increased significantly with Aminated polystyrene amine (AmPs NP), Zinc oxide (ZnO NP), and Silver (Ag NP) nanoparticles utilized in wide variety of consumer products. This has presented a number of concerns due to their increased exposure risks and associated toxicity on living systems. Changes in the structural and physicochemical properties of nanoparticles can lead to changes in biological activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01480545.2018.1424181DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Vision in children with autism spectrum disorder: a critical review.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Jul 11;101(4):504-513. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Optometry & Vision Science Research Group, School of Biomedical Sciences, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition with approximately 1-2 per cent prevalence in the population. The condition has lifelong effects for the individual and family, and early intervention and management helps maximise quality of life and outcomes. Many studies of vision in ASD have attempted to link the behavioural and sensory deficits in ASD with underlying visual processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12651DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

A Systematic Evaluation of State Laws Governing Optometric Glaucoma Management in the United States Upto 2015.

J Glaucoma 2018 Mar;27(3):233-238

Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Purpose: To describe state laws that govern the optometric practice of glaucoma management in the United States and to correlate those laws with state demographics upto 2015.

Materials And Methods: We performed a cross-sectional ecological study of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia. Regulations governing optometric scope of practice as written by each state Board of Optometry were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IJG.0000000000000861DOI Listing

A review of the recommendations governing quality assurance of ultrasound systems used for guidance in prostate brachytherapy.

Phys Med 2017 Dec 20;44:51-57. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

School of Physics & Clinical & Optometric Sciences, Medical Ultrasound Physics and Technology Group, Centre of Industrial Engineering Optics, FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland. Electronic address:

Ultrasound guided brachytherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer has become a routine treatment option, due to many benefits including patient recovery and dose localisation [1]; however it is not clear whether the standards which govern the image quality for these systems are adequate. Upon review of the recommended standards for ultrasound systems used in prostate brachytherapy procedures, the recommended tests do not appear to be specific to the clinical application of ultrasound guided prostate brachytherapy. Rather they are generic and similar to those recommended for other clinical applications such as general abdominal scanning [2]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2017.11.011DOI Listing
December 2017

Impact of supervised student optometry consultations on the patient experience.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 03 13;101(2):288-296. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Understanding patient perceptions of having students involved in their clinical care is important as we strive to develop optimal models of care that integrate teaching with the best possible experience for the patient. The aim was to ascertain the impact of supervised optometry student consultations on the patient experience.

Methods: A survey comprising 45 questions was mailed to consecutive adult patients who had undergone a comprehensive eye examination at the Australian College of Optometry over a four-week period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12633DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Child morbidity as described by hospital admissions for primary school aged children in Tonga 2009-2013.

N Z Med J 2017 Nov 10;130(1465):29-43. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Paediatrician and Professor, Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, Starship Children's Hospital, Auckland.

Aims: To describe inpatient utilisation patterns for primary school aged children in Tonga.

Methods: We described admissions for children aged 5-11 years to the main hospital in Tonga from January 2009 to December 2013. Rates with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were compared using rate ratios (RR). Read More

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November 2017
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Changing trends in postoperative cataract care: impact of electronic patient records in optometrist-delivered shared care.

Ir J Med Sci 2018 May 23;187(2):529-535. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Sligo University Hospital, Sligo, Ireland.

Background: This study evaluates a community optometrist-delivered postoperative care scheme in patients discharged from the hospital ophthalmology department following uncomplicated cataract surgery.

Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of electronic patient records (EPR) in facilitating co-managed cataract care.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained Medisoft EPR database of postoperative cataract review data at a single centre, Sligo University Hospital (SUH), which serves a large and predominantly rural catchment area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11845-017-1694-9DOI Listing
May 2018
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Case Series Analysis of Myopic Progression Control With a Unique Extended Depth of Focus Multifocal Contact Lens.

Eye Contact Lens 2018 Sep;44(5):e16-e24

Professor Emeritus (J.C.), State University of New York College of Optometry, New York, NY; Pullen Eye Care (B.O.), Jacksonville, FL; New England College of Optometry (R.W.), Boston, MA; EYECenter Optometric (R.F.), Orangevale, CA; Roswell Eye Clinic (S.B.), Roswell, GA; Cooper Eye Care (N.E.), New York, NY; and Visioneering Technologies, Inc. (S.M.D.), Alpharetta, GA.

Objectives: To determine the rate of myopia progression in children fit with a commercially available extended depth of focus (center distance) multifocal soft contact lens with attributes theoretically expected to slow the progression of myopia.

Methods: A retrospective case series analysis of 32 patients (ages 6-19 years, mean 10.98±2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000440DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

The advantages of intermediate-tier, inter-optometric referral of low risk pigmented lesions.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2017 11;37(6):661-668

Centre for Eye Health, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Purpose: Pigmented ocular lesions are commonly encountered by eye-care professionals, and range from benign to sight or life-threatening. After identifying a lesion, the primary care professional must establish the likely diagnosis and decide either to reassure, to monitor or to refer. The increasing use of ocular imaging technologies has contributed to an increase in the detection rate of pigmented lesions and a higher number of referrals, which may challenge existing pathways of health-care delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12413DOI Listing
November 2017
9 Reads

Distribution of optometric practices relative to deprivation index in Scotland.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Jun;40(2):389-396

Department of Life Sciences, School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, UK.

Background: The UK National Health Service aims to provide universal availability of healthcare, and eye-care availability was a primary driver in the development of the Scottish General Ophthalmic Services (GOS) model. Accordingly, a relatively equal distribution of optometry practices across socio-economic areas is required. We examined practice distribution relative to deprivation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051464PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

Macular pigment is associated with glare-affected visual function and central visual field loss in glaucoma.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul 5;102(7):929-935. Epub 2017 Oct 5.

School of Physics, Clinical and Optometric Sciences, College of Sciences and Health, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland.

Aim: To evaluate the relationship between macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and glare disability in open-angle glaucoma.

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (88 subjects; median age, 67 (range 36-84) years) collected during the Macular Pigment and Glaucoma Trial (ISRCTN registry number: 56985060). MPOD at 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-310215DOI Listing