215 results match your criteria Optician [Journal]


[Analysis on ophthalmic human resource allocation and service delivery at county level in Mainland China in 2014].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;54(12):929-934

National Institute of Hospital Administration, Beijing 100161, China.

To master the status of ophthalmic human resource allocation and service delivery at county level in Mainland China, and to provide the basis for strengthening the construction of grassroots ophthalmic personnel team and formulating feasible medium and long-term eye health plans. All the medical institutions that provided ophthalmic service at county level or above were investigated by online reporting. This study only included medical institutions at county level. Read More

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December 2018

Presbyopic Personal Computer Work: A Comparison of Progressive Addition Lenses for General Purpose and Personal Computer Work.

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Nov;95(11):1046-1053

Faculty of SciTec, Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Ernst-Abbe University of Applied Sciences Jena, Jena, Germany

Significance: Computer-specific progressive addition lenses (PC-PALs) are shown to reduce computer vision syndrome (CVS) symptoms, increase visual comfort and tolerance, and improve body posture at the personal computer. They are highly preferred by computer workers. Increasing their use may aid prevention measures within the workplace health management. Read More

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November 2018

A long history of dense deposit disease.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Sep 14;18(Suppl 1):228. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Queen Alexandra Road, Sunderland, UK.

Background: Dense Deposit Disease is a rare condition affecting the Bruch's membrane and the glomerular basement membrane. We report the progression of the ocular manifestations over a 30 year follow up period, longer than any previous report.

Case Presentation: A 44 year old male presented with pigmentary changes at the macula noted by his optician. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

[About the Issue of Organization of Primary Specialized Opthalmologic Care in Megalopolis].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2018 May;26(3):151-154

The peoples' friendship university of Russia, Moscow, 117198, Russia.

The restriction of accessibility of primary specialized ophthalmologic medical care in polyclinics remains to be a main problem of its organization for population of large megalopolises. At that, similar medical services are actively provided by commercial optician's rooms. The purpose of study is to analyze perspectives of organization of primary specialized ophthalmologic medical sanitary care of population in large megalopolis. Read More

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Polypoidal lesions associated to choroidal naevus: spectrum of pachychoroid disease?

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jul 18;2018. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, UK.

A 78-year-old woman was referred by an optician for an incidental finding of peripapillary naevus in the absence of visual symptoms. On examination, the right eye showed a choroidal naevus of around 1.5 disc diameter, adjacent to the optic disc. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Eye and foot checks in patients with diabetes on haemodialysis: Are they done, and who does them?

World J Diabetes 2017 Sep;8(9):436-439

Department of Diabetes and Metabolism, Barts Health NHS Trust, the Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, United Kingdom.

Aim: To determine if retinal and foot checks are carried out on patients with diabetes receiving haemodialysis.

Methods: Eighty-four patients with diabetes receiving haemodialysis were asked if they recalled having eye and foot screening in the last year, and if so, by whom was the check done.

Results: Seventy-seven (91. Read More

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September 2017
18 Reads

One eye of the future, one eye on the past.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2017 Oct;30(8):693-702

University of Hertfordshire , Hatfield, UK.

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess if the GOC considers relevant factors at all stages of its deliberations into misconduct, as required by the determinations in the cases of Cohen, Zygmunt, and Azzam, and to assess whether those circumstances described in the Hearings Guidance and Indicative Sanctions as warranting removal of an optician from the relevant registers lead to that outcome. Design/methodology/approach The consideration of specific factors in determining impairment of fitness to practise was compared with their subsequent consideration when determining the severity of sanction. Additionally, cases that highlighted aggravating circumstances deemed as serious enough to warrant removal were monitored. Read More

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October 2017

Exploring the relationship between frequent internet use and health and social care resource use in a community-based cohort of older adults: an observational study in primary care.

BMJ Open 2017 Jul 21;7(7):e015839. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Research Department of Primary Care & Population Health, University College London (UCL), London, UK.

Objectives: Given many countries' ageing populations, policymakers must consider how to mitigate or reduce health problems associated with old age, within budgetary constraints. Evidence of use of digital technology in delaying the onset of illness and reducing healthcare service use is mixed, with no clear consensus as yet. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between frequent internet use and patterns of health or social care resource use in primary care attendees who took part in a study seeking to improve the health of older adults. Read More

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July 2017
4 Reads

[Neuro-ophthalmological conditions: Study of the clinical care pathway].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2017 Sep 15;40(7):580-587. Epub 2017 Jun 15.

Département d'ophtalmologie, DHU vision et handicaps, groupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, 43, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. Read More

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September 2017
2 Reads

Neuro-ophthalmological conditions: Study of the clinical care pathway.

J Fr Ophtalmol 2017 Jun 7;40(6):e169-e175. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Département d'ophtalmologie, DHU vision et handicaps, groupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. Read More

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June 2017
17 Reads

[Risk factors for contact lens-related microbial keratitis: A multicenter case-control study].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2017 Mar 18;40(3):224-231. Epub 2017 Mar 18.

Ophtalmologie, NHC, CHU de Strasbourg, 1, place de l'Hôpital, 67000 Strasbourg, France.

Purpose: Currently, the most feared complication by ophthalmologists of contact lens (CL) wear is microbial keratitis (MK), even though its incidence remains low. It is also a significant financial burden for society. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for CL-related MK especially with regard to hygiene and pattern of use, in a large, prospective, multicenter, case-control study. Read More

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[The revised Dutch College of General Practitioners (NHG) practice guideline on 'Visual symptoms'].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2016 ;160:D242

Nederlands Huisartsen Genootschap, afd. Richtlijnontwikkeling en Wetenschap, Utrecht.

The 2001 NHG practice guideline on 'Refraction disorders' was revised for the second time in October 2015. The title has been changed to 'Visual symptoms', since besides refraction disorders other conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataract and acute eye symptoms are also covered. The ophthalmologist is the specialist to whom GPs refer patients most often. Read More

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October 2017

Visual acuity and refractive status of Omani students with refractive error in grades 1, 4 and 7: A retrospective cohort study.

Oman J Ophthalmol 2016 Jan-Apr;9(1):27-31

Department of Research, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The visual and refractive status were assessed for grade 7 students in seven governorates in Oman. The health records were reviewed to assess the rationale for their previous school-based vision screening.

Methods: A representative sample of 7(th) grade students with a refractive error (RE) was examined by optometrists in 2012. Read More

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March 2016
23 Reads

Photoreceptor Outer Segment on Internal Limiting Membrane after Macular Hole Surgery: Implications for Pathogenesis.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2015 Sep-Dec;6(3):339-44. Epub 2015 Sep 22.

Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, UK.

Purpose: This report presents a case, which highlights key principles in the pathophysiology of macular holes. It has been hypothesized that anteroposterior (AP) and tangential vitreous traction on the fovea are the primary underlying factors causing macular holes [Nischal and Pearson; in Kanski and Bowling: Clinical Ophthalmology: A Systemic Approach, 2011, pp 629-631]. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) has subsequently corroborated this theory in part but shown that AP vitreofoveal traction is the more common scenario [Steel and Lotery: Eye 2013;27:1-21]. Read More

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November 2015

Eye care services for the populations of remote districts in eastern Taiwan: a practical framework using a Mobile Vision Van Unit.

Rural Remote Health 2015 Oct-Dec;15(4):3442. Epub 2015 Oct 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Mennonite Christian Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan.

Introduction: To put a blindness prevention program into practice in remote districts of Eastern Taiwan, a Mobile Vision Van Unit (MVVU) was established to work as a community eyecare station. The aim of this study was to describe the operation and challenges encountered with this unit and its efficacy in expanding eyecare services.

Methods: A population-based primary eyecare model was applied to a population in remote regions of eastern Taiwan. Read More

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July 2016
1 Read

Head-Eye Coordination Increases with Age and Varies across Countries.

Optom Vis Sci 2015 Nov;92(11):1103-12

*PhD Université de Montréal, Ecole d'Optometrie, Montréal, Québec, Canada (all authors); and Essilor Canada, Montréal, Québec, Canada (GG).

Purpose: Head movements in older people may contribute to their dizziness and equilibrium problems. Head gain is the ratio of head movement to total movement (head + eye) when executing a saccade to an eccentric target. Two studies have investigated the relationship between head gain and age but have provided conflicting results. Read More

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November 2015

Unusual Fundus Autofluorescence Appearance in a Patient with Hydroxychloroquine Retinal Toxicity.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2015 May-Aug;6(2):186-90. Epub 2015 Jun 6.

East Surrey Hospital, Redhill, UK.

Purpose: To report an unusual fundus autofluorescence aspect in a patient with suspected hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity.

Method: Case report of an unusual presentation of a patient treated for 9 consecutive years with a therapeutically recommended dose of hydroxychloroquine.

Result: We report the case of a 53-year-old Caucasian female treated with 400 mg hydroxychloroquine for rheumatoid arthritis over 9 years, currently on methotrexate and folinic acid, who stopped treatment 3 years ago. Read More

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June 2015
1 Read

Vibrational spectra, powder X-ray diffractions and physical properties of cyanide complexes with 1-ethylimidazole.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2015 Oct 17;149:8-16. Epub 2015 Apr 17.

Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Physics, TR-26480 Eskişehir, Turkey.

The heteronuclear tetracyanonickelate(II) complexes of the type [M(etim)Ni(CN)4]n (hereafter, abbreviated as M-Ni-etim, M=Mn(II), Fe(II) or Co(II); etim=1-ethylimidazole, C5H8N2) were prepared in powder form and characterized by FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermal (TG; DTG and DTA), and elemental analysis techniques. The structures of these complexes were elucidated using vibrational spectra and powder X-ray diffraction patterns with the peak assignment to provide a better understanding of the structures. It is shown that the spectra are consistent with a proposed crystal structure for these compounds derived from powder X-ray diffraction measurements. Read More

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October 2015
2 Reads

Monitoring of patients on long-term glucocorticoid therapy: a population-based cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2015 Apr;94(15):e647

From the University College London, Department of Primary Care and Population Health, London, UK (LF, IP, IN); Department of Dermatology, Henri Mondor Hospital, Paris, France (LF); and Université Paris Est Créteil, UPEC Paris 12, Créteil, France (LF).

About 1% of the general population receives long-term systemic glucocorticoids. The monitoring provided to these patients is unknown. We conducted a population-based cohort study using The Health Improvement Network database. Read More

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April 2015
7 Reads

[National survey of blindness and avoidable visual impairment in Honduras].

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2014 Nov;36(5):300-5

Organizacion Panamericana de la Salud, Bogotá, Colombia,

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Honduras, its causes and the response by the health services to growing demand.

Methods: A cross-sectional population study was conducted between June and December 2013 using the standard methodology of the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness. A random sample survey was done in 63 clusters of 50 individuals aged ≥ 50, representative of the country as a whole. Read More

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November 2014
3 Reads

Cloudy corneas as an initial presentation of multiple myeloma.

Clin Ophthalmol 2014 28;8:813-7. Epub 2014 Apr 28.

Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, UK.

Summary: We report a case of previously unsuspected myeloma, presenting with cornea verticillata due to intracorneal paraprotein deposition.

History: An 85-year-old female presented via her optician with a 4-month history of cloudy vision. She had undergone an uneventful bilateral phacoemulsification surgery 7 years earlier. Read More

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May 2014
3 Reads

Models of low vision care: past, present and future.

Authors:
Barbara Ryan

Clin Exp Optom 2014 May;97(3):209-13

School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales; Department of Public Health, Welsh Government, Cardiff, Wales.

Over the last 50 years, the concept of a low vision service has changed considerably. It has moved away from just the optometrist or optician dispensing magnifiers, to having a large team working across the health and social/ community care sectors, with voluntary organisations often playing an important role. This paper reviews how low vision rehabilitation services have evolved and what models of low vision care are currently available. Read More

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The accuracy of the plusoptiX for measuring pupillary distance.

Strabismus 2014 Mar;22(1):21-5

Wilmer Eye Institute , Balimore, Maryland , USA .

Introduction: The plusoptiX photoscreener provides a number of measurements, including an estimate of inter-pupillary distance. We compare the plusoptiX photoscreening measurements of pupillary distance to that of an experienced optician in order to measure the accuracy of this reading.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was done on 731 patients ranging in age from 1 to 16 years. Read More

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March 2014
12 Reads

[Screening for visual impairment in children: new tests and the place of the orthoptist].

Bull Acad Natl Med 2012 Oct;196(7):1451-6

Ophtalmologie, Hôpitaux universitaires de Strasbourg, 1, place de l'Hôpital BP426-67091 Strasbourg cedex.

The fragility and plasticity of visual function in children necessitates early detection and treatment of visual disorders. New approaches such as portable automatic refraction, tonometry and digital fundus examination have improved the quality of screening The problem now is a lack of ophthalmologists. One possible solution is to redefine the role of orthoptists. Read More

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October 2012
4 Reads

José María Vargas (1786-1854): Reformer of anatomical studies in Venezuela.

Clin Anat 2014 Mar 7;27(2):150-3. Epub 2013 May 7.

Department of Human Anatomy, José María Vargas Medical School, Faculty of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela; Venezuelan Society of History of Medicine, Medical Learning Center La Trinidad, Caracas, Venezuela.

José María Vargas (1786-1854): Venezuelan medical doctor, surgeon, optician, anatomist, chemist, botanist, professor, geologist, mineralogist, and mathematician. Second President of Venezuela (1835-1836), First republican dean, he reformed medicine studies in 1827 establishing human anatomical dissection in the Universidad Central de Venezuela where he taught human anatomy between 1827 and 1853 along with surgery and chemistry. In 1838, he wrote Curso de Lecciones y demostraciones Anatómicas, the first book on the subject printed in Venezuela for the teaching of human anatomy. Read More

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March 2014
1 Read

Bilateral peripapillary serous retinal detachment in association with congenital optic disc pits.

BMJ Case Rep 2013 Feb 15;2013. Epub 2013 Feb 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Calderdale Royal Hospital, Halifax, UK.

A middle-aged asymptomatic patient was referred to the eye clinic by her optician because of unusual optic nerve heads. She was found to have optic disc pits with bilateral serous retinal detachments which were non-progressive. She did not need any treatment and was safely followed up in the community. Read More

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February 2013

How often are spectacle lenses not dispensed as prescribed?

Indian J Ophthalmol 2012 Nov-Dec;60(6):553-5

Squint Centre, Chandigarh, India.

Spectacles are routinely prescribed by the ophthalmologist and dispensed by the opticians. We investigated how frequently the spectacles are not dispensed as prescribed and whether the frequency of inaccurate spectacles would decrease if the patients, at the time of collecting spectacles, ask the optician to verify that the spectacles have been dispensed accurately. We found inaccurate spectacles in about one-third of our patients and incorrect spherocylinders more frequently with an error in the spherical element and cylinder axis. Read More

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November 2013
1 Read

Glaucoma screening during regular optician visits: the feasibility and specificity of screening in real life.

Acta Ophthalmol 2012 Mar 23;90(2):115-21. Epub 2012 Jan 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9700 R B Groningen, The Netherlands.

Purpose: To determine the feasibility and specificity of glaucoma screening during regular optician visits.

Methods: In four optician shops, glaucoma screening was offered to 400 consecutive visitors aged 45 years or above. If the visitor agreed to participate, an intraocular pressure measurement and - in those with a pressure below 25 mmHg - a frequency-doubling perimeter (FDT) C20-1 visual field screening test were performed. Read More

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March 2012
2 Reads

William Bohne (1827-1906), author of handbook for opticians, first textbook by an American optometrist.

Authors:
David A Goss

Hindsight 2011 Jan;42(1):14-6

School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.

William Bohne (1827-1906) was a teacher in Germany before emigrating to the United States in 1852. He worked as an optician (as optometrists were known at that time) in New Orleans in the second half of the nineteenth century. His book, Handbook for Opticians, which went through three editions, appears to have been the first optical care textbook written by an American optometrist. Read More

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January 2011
9 Reads

A case of a young asymptomatic woman with optic disc drusen and vasculitis.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2011 May 27;2(2):232-7. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK.

Purpose: We present the case of a young woman with optic disc drusen and peripheral vasculitis.

Methods: Diagnosis was based on fundoscopic, optical coherence tomography as well as fluorescein angiography (FA) findings.

Results: An asymptomatic 34-year-old female patient with no systemic pathology was referred to our hospital from her optician for retinal findings. Read More

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Access to healthcare services by people with intellectual disabilities: a rural-urban comparison.

J Intellect Disabil 2011 Jun;15(2):115-30

University of Glasgow, Scotland.

Access to healthcare services is poor both for adults with intellectual disabilities and for people living in rural areas. Adults with intellectual disabilities in rural areas may therefore be at a double disadvantage. Representative data were analysed from 39 rural and 633 urban participants from Scotland. Read More

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June 2011
1 Read

The multi-disciplinary nature of low vision rehabilitation--a case report.

Work 2011 ;39(1):63-6

This paper presents the case of a 47-year-old female with low vision secondary to high myopic macular degeneration who remains active in the work force as a spiritual and religious care coordinator for a large institution. An ophthalmologist with a specialty in low vision rehabilitation initially assessed the client. The ophthalmologist prescribed optical devices which used residual retinal vision available at preferred retinal loci. Read More

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October 2011

The divine optician.

Authors:
Jessica Riskin

Am Hist Rev 2011 ;116(2):352-70

Stanford University.

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June 2011
1 Read

Reflections, memories, and sources 'The cleanest man on earth': Harcourt Whipple Ellis and the NLA Australian newspapers.

Authors:
Philippa Martyr

Health History 2010 ;12(1):88-104

School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Western Australia.

The National Library of Australia (NLA) Australian Newspapers project went public in July 2008, but many historians and researchers are as yet unaware of its existence, or of its great potential for their research. This article will demonstrate the revolutionary potential of this project for the history of medicine in Australia. Using the case ofa largely-forgotten Western Australian chemist, dentist, and optician, Harcourt Whipple Ellis, a search of the NLA Australian Newspapers project produces a substantial amount of information on his at times scandalous career, a general physical description, a verbatim quotation, and many other witnesses statements attributed to him. Read More

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November 2010

Benjamin Martin (1704-1782) and his writings on the eye and eyeglasses.

Authors:
David A Goss

Hindsight 2010 Apr;41(2):41-8

School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.

Benjamin Martin (1704-1782) was an English schoolmaster, author, popular science lecturer, optician, and instrument maker. During his diverse career, he sought to introduce improvements to various instruments, including the invention of a unique type of spectacles, which he called "visual glasses." He wrote numerous monographs on a wide range of topics, with optics being his area of greatest expertise. Read More

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Cataract surgery in the United Kingdom: a postal survey.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2010 Jul-Aug;20(4):684-6

Department of Ophthalmology, Pilgrim Hospital, Boston, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom.

Purpose: A postal questionnaire study to evaluate the current practice of cataract surgery delivery in the United Kingdom including strategies for postoperative review was performed.

Methods: A cataract questionnaire was sent to all hospital departments delivering ophthalmic services in the United Kingdom based on a list from the Royal College of Ophthalmologists. It included questions about the staffing level, number of cases operated on per list, and the different strategies employed postoperatively. Read More

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June 2011
1 Read

Aberration correction past and present.

Authors:
P W Hawkes

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2009 Sep;367(1903):3637-64

CEMES-CNRS, , B.P. 94347, 31055 Toulouse cedex, France.

Electron lenses are extremely poor: if glass lenses were as bad, we should see as well with the naked eye as with a microscope! The demonstration by Otto Scherzer in 1936 that skillful lens design could never eliminate the spherical and chromatic aberrations of rotationally symmetric electron lenses was therefore most unwelcome and the other great electron optician of those years, Walter Glaser, never ceased striving to find a loophole in Scherzer's proof. In the wartime and early post-war years, the first proposals for correcting C(s) were made and in 1947, in a second milestone paper, Scherzer listed these and other ways of correcting lenses; soon after, Dennis Gabor invented holography for the same purpose. These approaches will be briefly summarized and the work that led to the successful implementation of quadupole-octopole and sextupole correctors in the 1990 s will be analysed. Read More

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September 2009
1 Read

The National Stroke Strategy - is it achievable?

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2009 Nov 14;91(8):641-4. Epub 2009 Aug 14.

Department of General Surgery, Princess of Wales Hospital, Coity Road, Bridgend CF31 1RQ, UK.

Introduction: Timing of intervention in symptomatic carotid disease is critical. The UK Department of Health's National Stroke Strategy published in December 2007 recommends urgent carotid intervention within 48 h, in appropriate patients, who have suffered a transient ischaemic attack (TIA), amaurosis fugax or minor stroke. Despite the running of a rapid-access clinic for patients with symptoms of TIA, the time from symptom to surgery is rarely less than 2 weeks. Read More

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November 2009

Causes of blindness in rural Myanmar (Burma): Mount Popa Taung-Kalat Blindness Prevention Project.

Clin Ophthalmol 2009 3;3:413-21. Epub 2009 Aug 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Sydney Hospital and Sydney Eye Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Purpose: This study is a review of the major causes of visual impairment (VI) and severe visual impairment/blindness (SVI/BL) in Mount Popa Taung-Kalat, a rural region in Myanmar (Burma).

Methods: A review of our clinical records of consecutive patients attending clinics was conducted. Participants of all ages (n = 650) of the population of Mount Popa Taung-Kalat and villages in its vicinity underwent ophthalmic interview and a detailed dilated ocular evaluation by trained Australian ophthalmologists and ophthalmic nurses. Read More

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Investigation of the causes of non-tolerance to optometric prescriptions for spectacles.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2010 Jan 3;30(1):1-11. Epub 2009 Aug 3.

Eyesite Optometrists, 142 Friar Street, Reading, Berkshire, UK.

Objectives: To study non-tolerance to spectacle prescriptions in a busy community optometric practice, with several practitioners.

Methods: A spectacle non-tolerance was defined in a pragmatic way, as a patient who had collected spectacles from the practice and subsequently returned because they were either having problems with, or were unable to wear, their new spectacles. Patients over 16 years of age, who met the above definition of non-tolerance were sequentially recruited over a 6 month period. Read More

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January 2010

How safe is control banding? Integrated evaluation by comparing OELs with measurement data and using monte carlo simulation.

Ann Occup Hyg 2009 Jul 16;53(5):449-62. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

Division of Hazardous chemicals and biological agents, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, 44149 Dortmund, Germany.

The present study aims to explore the protection level that can be achieved by the German control banding (CB) tool Einfaches Massnahmenkonzept Gefahrstoffe, 'Easy-to-use workplace control scheme for hazardous substances'. The rationale of our integrated approach is based on the Bewertungsindex (BWI), which is the quotient of the exposure level and the occupational exposure limit (OEL), with BWI <1 indicating compliance. The frequency distributions of the BWI were calculated in order to reflect statistically the variability of workplace conditions. Read More

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July 2009
1 Read

[Socioeconomical comparison between treated and untreated candidates for laser refractive surgery in mid-Hesse].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2008 Dec 15;225(12):1035-40. Epub 2008 Dec 15.

Universitäts-Augenklinik, Mainz.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the possible economic and social differences between patients who decided to undergo laser refractive surgery and those,who did not.

Patients And Methods: We included only patients who received a recommendation for excimer laser surgery at their first examination at the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Marburg. Eighty-nine candidates who decided not to undergo refractive surgery (NOP) and 100 patients who underwent the operation were surveyed either by telephone or by letter. Read More

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December 2008

The VEPRO trial: a cross-over randomised controlled trial comparing 2 progressive lenses for patients with presbyopia.

Trials 2008 Sep 19;9:54. Epub 2008 Sep 19.

INSERM, U738, Paris, France, Université Paris, 7 Denis Diderot, UFR de Médecine, Paris, France, AP-HP, Hôpital Bichat, Département d'Epidémiologie, Biostatistique et Recherche Clinique, Paris, France.

Unlabelled: The aim of this trial was to compare the effectiveness of two generations of progressive lenses for presbyopia.

Methods: A multicenter cross-over randomized controlled trial performed in a primary care setting (5 optical dispensaries) was planned. Two categories of progressive lenses were compared: 1) a new-generation lens (i. Read More

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September 2008
1 Read

A preliminary model-based assessment of the cost-utility of a screening programme for early age-related macular degeneration.

Health Technol Assess 2008 Jun;12(27):iii-iv, ix-124

School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK.

Objectives: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of screening for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by developing a decision analytic model that incorporated and assessed all of the National Screening Committee criteria. A further objective was to identify the major areas of uncertainty in the model, and so inform future research priorities in this disease area.

Data Sources: Major databases were searched in March 2004 and updated in January 2005. Read More

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June 2008
1 Read

[Optical equipment for children. Point of view of the optician].

Authors:
Alain Gomez

Rev Prat 2007 Nov;57(18):2014-6

Directeur technique de la societe Lissac Opticien, 112-114 rue deRivoli, 75001 Paris.

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November 2007

The inter-observer reproducibility of Shafer's sign.

Authors:
F Qureshi R Goble

Eye (Lond) 2009 Mar 29;23(3):661-2. Epub 2008 Feb 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ipswich Hospital, Ipswich, Suffolk, UK.

Pigment cells in the anterior vitreous (Shafer's sign) are known to be associated with retinal breaks. We sought to identify the reproducibility of Shafer's sign between different grades of ophthalmic staff. In all 47 patients were examined by a consultant vitreo-retinal surgeon, a senior house officer (SHO) and optician for Shafer's sign. Read More

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[Pseudomonas-keratoconjunctivitis in a contact lens wearer, the therapy and keratoplasty á chaud].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2006 Aug;223(8):699-702

Lehrkrankenhaus Maribor, Augenabteilung, Ljubljanska 5, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia.

Background: Eye infections in contact lens wearers can cause severe complications. Especially dangerous is Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Patient: A 18-year-old patient who received her first soft contact lens from a optician two years ago without an ophthalmological examination, will be presented. Read More

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Glaucoma screening during regular optician visits: can the population at risk of developing glaucoma be reached?

Br J Ophthalmol 2006 Oct 19;90(10):1242-4. Epub 2006 Jul 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Aim: To determine the percentage of the population at risk of developing glaucoma, which can potentially be reached by conducting glaucoma screening during regular optician visits.

Methods: 1,200 inhabitants aged >40 years were randomly selected from Dutch community population databases. A questionnaire was mailed to these inhabitants with questions on their latest optician visit and risk factors for glaucoma. Read More

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October 2006

[Profile of medical students from the Universidade Estadual Paulista-UNESP--Botucatu, who wear contact lenses].

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2006 Mar-Apr;69(2):197-201. Epub 2006 May 8.

Departamento de Oftalmologia, Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu (SP), Brazil.

Purpose: To analyze the ametropy, way of acquisition, the care and complications related to contact lens wear among medical students from Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu da Universidade Estadual Paulista-UNESP--Botucatu (SP).

Methods: Questionnaire applied to students from the 1st to the 6th year of the Medical school of the Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu da Universidade Estadual Paulista-UNESP--Botucatu (SP), forming an analytical cross-sectional survey.

Results: 27. Read More

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October 2006
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Eyeglass frame allergic contact dermatitis: does tacrolimus prevent recurrences?

Contact Dermatitis 2005 Oct;53(4):219-21

Department of Dermatology, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan.

A 35-year-old man developed well-demarcated, oedematous and erosive erythematous lesions on the nasal bridge and retroauricular regions bilaterally. His eyeglass frame was repaired by an optician 2 weeks prior to symptom onset. Patch testing revealed a positive reaction to scrapings of nose pads and temples of the frame in petrolatum. Read More

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October 2005
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