620,238 results match your criteria Ophthalmic Epidemiology [Journal]
Cognition 2018 Dec 14;184:28-43. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Gaze allocation to human faces has recently been shown to be greatly dependent on the social context. However, what has not been considered explicitly here, is how gaze allocation may be supportive of the specific task that individuals carry out. In the present study, we combined these two insights. Read More
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 14;170:521-529. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX, USA. Electronic address:
Fish embryos are increasingly being utilized in aquatic toxicity testing, as evidenced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's approval of the fish embryo acute toxicity (FET) test. However, the FET test only allows for the estimation of acute toxicity, whereas other test methods such as the larval growth and survival (LGS) test allow for the estimation of both acute and chronic toxicity. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that the FET test is less sensitive than other test methods for some neurotoxic compounds. Read More
J Proteomics 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Proteomics, Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Aravind Eye Care System, Dr. G. Venkataswamy Eye Research Institute, No:1 Anna Nagar, Madurai, TN, India. Electronic address:
Fungal keratitis is a serious, potentially sight-threatening corneal infection that is more prevalent in the tropical parts of the world including India, and A. flavus and Fusarium solani are the predominant etiological agents. The surface of fungal conidia is covered by hydrophobin family proteins, effectively masking the conidial antigens from immune cells. Read More
Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biology, PO Box 5000, Shepherd University, Shepherdstown, WV. USA. 25443.
Determination of how carotenoid-based color patches change with pigmentary access is important to understanding color patch function in animals. We performed a carotenoid addition experiment on male painted turtles (Chrysemys picta) to determine if an increase in dietary carotenoids led to location-specific changes in painted turtle spot and stripe color. Turtles fed large quantities of carotenoids had increased yellow chroma in chin stripes and increased red chroma in the neck and carapace stripes, as well as reduced ultraviolet (UV) chroma in the neck (orange to the human eye) and fore -limb (red to the human eye) stripes. Read More
Exp Eye Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of A Coruña, Spain. Electronic address:
The aim off the present study was to evaluate the effect and the mechanism of action of the conditioned medium from human uterine cervical stem cells (CM-hUCESC) on corneal wound healing in a rabbit dry eye model. To do this, dry eye and corneal epithelial injuries were induced in rabbits by topical administration of atropine sulfate and NaOH. Hematoxylin-Eosin (H&E) and Ki-67 immunostaining were carried out to evaluate corneal damage and cell proliferation, and real-time PCR was used to evaluate proinflammatory cytokines in the cornea. Read More
Exp Eye Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Optometry, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, USA. Electronic address:
SLC4A11 mutations are associated with Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD), congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED) and Harboyan syndrome (endothelial dystrophy with auditory deficiency). Mice with genetically ablated Slc4a11 recapitulate CHED, exhibiting significant corneal edema and altered endothelial morphology. We recently demonstrated that SLC4A11 functions as an NH sensitive, electrogenic H transporter. Read More
Exp Eye Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Institute of Eye Research, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan; Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Reproducible skills are essential for successful induction of a rat model of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (rAION). We established an in vivo validation index by measuring the natural course of optic nerve head (ONH) width and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in the rAION model using optical coherence tomography (OCT). The rAION model was induced by photodynamic operations. Read More
Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
Purpose: To correlate spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) criteria and clinical data with pathology of the vitreomacular interface (VMI) in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME).
Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study and laboratory investigation.
Methods: We included specimens of 27 eyes of 26 patients with center-involved DME that underwent vitrectomy with peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM). Read More
Retina 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.
Retina 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
LuEsther T. Mertz Retinal Research Center, Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital, New York, New York.
Purpose: Cuticular drusen (CD) have been associated with manifestations of age-related macular degeneration such as atrophy and neovascularization in the macula. In this study, eyes with CD were followed and investigated for the estimated 5-year risk of progression to sequelae of age-related macular degeneration such as geographic atrophy (GA) and macular neovascularization (MNV).
Methods: A consecutive series of patients with CD were followed for the development of GA and MNV. Read More
Cornea 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Purpose: To report the outcome of wavefront-guided photorefractive keratectomy (WG-PRK) in the treatment of high astigmatism following keratoplasty.
Methods: A retrospective, interventional analysis including patients with high astigmatism following either penetrating keratoplasty or deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty, who underwent WG-PRK.
Results: Thirteen eyes (7 right eyes) of 12 patients (10 male) aged 35. Read More
Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN.
Normal sensitivity of the face is very important for preserving its integrity and function as an efferent source of information for the brain. The trigeminal nerve, which is the largest cranial nerve, conducts most of facial sensory function through its 3 branches: the ophthalmic nerve (V1), the maxillary nerve (V2), and the mandibular nerve (V3). The trigeminal nerve may be damaged by a variety of etiologies including inflammatory disorders, brain tumor resection, trauma, iatrogenic injury, or congenital anomalies. Read More
J Morphol 2019 Jan;280(1):133-148
School of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.
Levantine scraper, Capoeta damascina is a candidate species for future stock assessments, conservation studies, and hatchery efforts. Herein, we documented embryonic and early larval development, from egg activation to the exogenous feeding period, using morphological and histological landmarks. Embryos were obtained by in vitro fertilization from hormonally induced wild-caught broodstock, and subsequent development was monitored at temperatures coinciding with native conditions. Read More
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5973-5984
Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States.
Purpose: Infrared ultrashort pulse lasers are becoming increasingly popular for applications in the living eye. However, safety standards are not yet well established. Here we investigate retinal damage close to threshold for this pulse regime in the living macaque eye. Read More
Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2018 Dec 17:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
a Department of Ophthalmology , University of California , San Francisco , California , USA.
The dexamethasone intravitreal implant poses a risk to the cornea if it migrates into the anterior chamber. Because it tends to fracture if grasped with surgical instruments, no-touch techniques represent the most successful means of removing the device from the eye. The present report describes a new approach in which the implant is aspirated into the lumen of a needle, providing the surgeon with greater control in accessing the device within the anterior chamber. Read More
Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2018 Dec 17:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
a Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology , Uludag University School of Medicine , Bursa , Turkey.
Purpose: To present the ocular findings of the members of a family that has the diagnosis of Muckle Wells syndrome, a form of cryopyrin associated periodic syndrome (CAPS).
Materials And Methods: Nine patients with MWS were included in this study. Each study participant underwent a systemic evaluation, comprehensive ophthalmic examination, and auxillary testings. Read More
Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2018 Dec 17:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
b Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine , Ankara University , Ankara , Turkey.
Purpose: This study aims to compare the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) findings and laser flare photometry (LFP) measurements in Behçet's disease (BD).
Methods: This study was composed of 4 groups as follows: "Group 1: Healthy volunteers, Group 2: Volunteers with BD and no eye involvement, Group 3: Patients with active uveitis with BD, Group 4: Patients with BD in quiescent phase of uveitis". Laser Flare Photometry (Kowa FM-600, Kowa Acculas, San Jose, CA, USA), SD-OCT and Enhanced Depth Imaging protocol (EDI) (Spectralis®, Heidelberg Engineering Inc. Read More
Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2018 Dec 17:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
a Advanced Eye Centre , Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research , Chandigarh , India.
Purpose: To report two unique cases of spontaneous uveal effusion syndrome (UES) from the same family.
Methods: The patients included father (54 years old) and a daughter (23 years old). The father presented 7 years ago with bilateral exudative retinal detachment, nanophthalmic eyes (axial length 16. Read More
J Exp Psychol Gen 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis.
Everyday speech is rife with errors and disfluencies, yet processing what we hear usually feels effortless. How does the language comprehension system accomplish such an impressive feat? The current experiment tests the hypothesis that listeners draw on relevant contextual and linguistic cues to anticipate speech errors and mentally correct them, even before receiving an explicit correction from the speaker. In the current visual-world eye-tracking experiment, we monitored participants' eye movements to objects in a display while they listened to utterances containing reparandum-repair speech errors (e. Read More
Med Lav 2018 Dec 20;109(6):471-477. Epub 2018 Dec 20.
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II.
Background: Following recent epidemiological studies, which showed tissue reactions from ionizing radiation at significantly lower doses, the 2013/59 EURATOM Directive of 5th December 2013 lowered the limit on the equivalent dose to the eye lens from 150 mSv to 20 mSv per year. Therefore, as a precautionary measure, it is considered appropriate to perform a timely dose monitoring by using specific dosimeters.
Objectives: Analysis of the current state of the eye lens exposures during interventional procedures. Read More
Vet Pathol 2018 Dec 16:300985818813099. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
2 The Raptor Center, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA.
Lead toxicity due to ingestion of spent ammunition is an ongoing cause of mortality in bald eagles. While gross and histologic lesions of lead intoxication have been described in a few individuals of this species, the prevalence of lesions is underreported. A retrospective study of 93 bald eagles with severe lead intoxication was performed to describe the associated lesions and their prevalence and to compare the lesions with blood, liver, kidney, and/or bone lead concentrations. Read More
J Int Med Res 2018 Dec 16:300060518816884. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
2 Eye Treatment Centre, Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication of diabetic retinopathy and may lead to severe visual loss. In this review, we describe the pathophysiology of DMO and review current therapeutic options such as macular laser photocoagulation, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents, and steroid implants with a focus on the new fluocinolone acetonide implant, ILUVIEN®. The results of the Fluocinolone Acetonide in Diabetic Macular Edema (FAME) studies are also presented together with the results of real-world studies to support the clinical use of ILUVIEN® in achieving efficient resolution of DMO and improving vision and macular anatomy in this challenging group of patients. Read More
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Dec 17:3489418819551. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
1 ENT Institute and Otorhinolaryngology Department, Affiliated Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
Objectives:: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between grades of endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) and clinical characteristics and determine the detailed clinical characteristics of Ménière's disease (MD) patients with evidence of hydrops based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Methods:: One hundred ninety-eight MD patients (396 ears) with MRI evidence of hydrops were included. ELH grades were evaluated using the Nakashima grading standard. Read More
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.
Diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration are leading causes of vision loss and blindness worldwide. They tend to be asymptomatic in the early phase of disease and therefore require active screening programs to identify the patients requiring referral and treatment. Deep learning-based artificial intelligence technology has recently become a major topic in the field of ophthalmology. Read More
J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Key Laboratory of Intraocular Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment, Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Lab, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common intraocular tumor worldwide. We proposed to identify a vital gene signature that has prognostic value for UM metastasis. For this purpose, we obtained a published DNA methylation and gene expression data set associated with UM from the Gene Expression Omnibus. Read More
Ophthalmol Retina 2018 Feb;2(2):118-127
Centre for Experimental Medicine, Queen's University, Belfast, United Kingdom.
Purpose: To describe serum vascular endothelial growth factor (sVEGF) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) receiving anti-VEGF agents and associations between sVEGF and systemic serious adverse events (SSAEs).
Design: Exploratory analyses of a randomized controlled trial that enrolled 610 participants with nAMD and compared 2 anti-VEGF antibodies, ranibizumab and bevacizumab, and 2 treatment regimens, monthly vs. discontinuous, with 2 years' follow-up. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 18;30(4):381-383. Epub 2018 May 18.
Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe-University, Frankfurt, Germany.
Purpose: To report a case of autoimmune keratitis in a patient with mycobacterium tuberculosis (MBT).
Methods: An 84-year-old male with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) was admitted with chronic, non-healing bilateral ulcerations of the inferior peripheral cornea associated with stromal and subconjunctival nodules.
Results: Clinical examination revealed circumscribed peripheral corneal ulceration with whitish nodules in adjacent stromal and subconjunctival tissue. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 19;30(4):377-380. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
Department of Optometry, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Purpose: To report a rare and complicated case of acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) presented with total necrosis and dislodgment of cornea, iris, and crystalline lens with exposure of vitreous hyaloids face.
Methods: Case report of 28-year-old female referred to the Farabi Eye Hospital with a history of known left eye AK since 4 months earlier. She also had a history of soft contact lens wear for two years and topical steroid use before proper diagnosis. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 10;30(4):374-376. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
Advanced Vision Care, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Purpose: Deep sunken superior sulcus of the upper eyelid can result from aging, genetic, prostaglandin use, and prior aggressive upper blepharoplasty. If severe, it can cause exposure keratopathy, lagophthalmos, and giant fornix syndrome. We herein report on another milder manifestation of deep superior sulcus and its treatments. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 3;30(4):368-373. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Purpose: To present a rare manifestation of macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel type 2) followed up for over six years.
Methods: A 61-year-old woman with one year history of blurred vision of her left eye was referred.
Results: Whereas the funduscopy, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fluorescein angiography (FA), and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) were normal in the right eye, they revealed noticeable findings typical of MacTel type 2 in the left eye. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 27;30(4):359-364. Epub 2018 Sep 27.
Doheny Eye Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Purpose: This study aimed to demonstrate the value of the chief compliant and patient history to accurately diagnose patient pathology without requiring ocular examination or imaging in an outpatient neuro-ophthalmology clinic.
Methods: We prospectively evaluated 115 consecutive patients at our institution from January to April 2009. The attending neuro-ophthalmologist committed to a single most likely diagnosis while solely being exposed to patient demographic information (age, gender, race) and chief complaint, but was otherwise blinded to ocular examination or imaging. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 19;30(4):353-358. Epub 2018 Jul 19.
Eye Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the demographics, clinical features, severity, and activity of thyroid eye disease (TED) in patients of a referral center in the north of Iran.
Methods: Patients with TED who were referred to Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Rasht, Iran from March 2012 to March 2014 were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The measurements of proptosis, lid width, lagophthalmos, extraocular muscle function, and visual acuity were recorded. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 10;30(4):348-352. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
Department of Microbiology, Kayseri Training and Education Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the aerobic conjunctival flora of neonates and the effects of delivery type on conjunctival flora development in neonates who were born with normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (SVD) or elective caesarean section (C/S) and who were not given prophylactic antibiotic eye drops after birth.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 95 healthy newborns. One day after the delivery, conjunctival samples were taken from newborns who were born with normal SVD or elective C/S, and not given prophylactic antibiotic eye drops after birth. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 27;30(4):343-347. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate two psychophysical contrast sensitivity testing methods in amblyopic patients.
Methods: Thirty-three adults with anisometropic amblyopia participated in this study. Psychophysical contrast sensitivity was measured for both amblyopic and fellow eyes of the participants at 1, 3, and 5 cycles per degree (cpd) spatial frequencies by Freiburg visual acuity and contrast test (FrACT) and Metrovision contrast sensitivity test, which employ sine-wave gratings for measurement of contrast sensitivity. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 29;30(4):330-336. Epub 2018 Jun 29.
Department of Ophthalmology, Nikookari Eye Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Purpose: To determine the effect of corneal cross-linking (CXL) on retinal structure and function.
Methods: The current study was conducted on 42 eyes of 21 patients with keratoconus (KCN) who were candidates for CXL due to disease progression. The Optovue optical coherence tomography (OCT) (Optovue Inc. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6;30(4):326-329. Epub 2018 Sep 6.
Department of Optometry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Purpose: To determine the effect of isotretinoin on corneal sensitivity in acne patients.
Methods: Fifty patients (13 men and 37 women) with a mean age of 23.24 ± 3. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 28;30(4):321-325. Epub 2018 Jun 28.
Department of Optometry and Vision Science, School of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Purpose: To evaluate the association between subjective dry eye symptoms and the results of the clinical examinations.
Methods: The study was a clinical-based survey involving 215 first-year students selected consecutively during a regular ocular health examination at the University of Cape Coast Optometry Clinic. The data collection process spanned for a period of four months. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 10;30(4):297-310. Epub 2018 Jul 10.
Sussex Eye Hospital, Brighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Brighton, United Kingdom.
Purpose: To review and highlight important practical aspects of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) surgery and provide some useful tips for surgeons wishing to convert to this procedure from the conventional penetrating keratoplasty (PK) technique.
Methods: In this narrative review, the procedure of DALK is described in detail. Important pre, intra, and postoperative considerations are discussed with illustrative examples for better understanding. Read More
J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 15;30(4):281-286. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Inflammatory and Retinal Eye Diseases, Centre for Ophthalmic Specialised Care Montchoisi Teaching Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland.
eNeurologicalSci 2019 Mar 19;14:28-30. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Salus University, Neuro-ophthalmic Disease Department, 8360 Old York Rd, Elkins Park, PA 19027, United States.
A 66 year-old woman presented with a pupil-sparing partial third cranial nerve palsy with aberrant regeneration. Imaging revealed a cystic lesion in the right cavernous sinus, demonstrating signal characteristics consistent with arachnoid cyst. Oculomotor synkinesis and a pupil-sparing third cranial nerve palsy from an arachnoid cyst of the cavernous sinus have not been previously reported. Read More
JAAD Case Rep 2019 Jan 4;5(1):34-36. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Comprehensive Eye Care of Central Ohio, Westerville, Ohio.
Avicenna J Med Biotechnol 2018 Oct-Dec;10(4):208-213
Department of Microbiology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
Background: H9N2 avian influenza viruses have the potential to become the next human pandemic threat and next generation vaccine technologies are needed. Current studies introduce nanoparticles as a proper vaccine delivery vehicle for induction of protective immunity. In this study, the efficacy of chitosan nanoparticle-based H9N2 influenza vaccine with and without hemokinin-1 (HK-1) as a molecular adjuvant to induce protective immunity against the virus was examined. Read More
J Arrhythm 2018 Dec 6;34(6):656-658. Epub 2018 Oct 6.
Heart Rhythm Services - St-Paul's Hospital University of British Columbia Vancouver BC Canada.
Implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device in patients with congenital heart disease may be challenging because of the particular underlying anatomy. We present the case of a right-sided transvenous implantation of a dual-chamber CRT-D device in a patient with situs inversus totalis and mirror image dextrocardia. To facilitate our anatomic orientation and to overcome unusual hand-eye coordination problems, we decided to flip the fluoroscopic image projection by 180° (right-left), creating the optical impression of a "normalized" heart position (levocardia). Read More
Theranostics 2018 5;8(20):5529-5547. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
Center for Nanomedicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA.
Mitochondrial oxidative stress is associated with many neurodegenerative diseases, such as traumatic brain injury (TBI). Targeted delivery of antioxidants to mitochondria has failed to translate into clinical success due to their nonspecific cellular localization, poor transport properties across multiple biological barriers, and associated side effects. These challenges, coupled with the complex function of the mitochondria, create the need for innovative delivery strategies. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 30;9:2378. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences and Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.
Empathy for pain is evolutionally important and context-dependent. The current study explored the effect of physical cue on 4- to 5-year-old children's empathy for pain with two experiments. Experiment 1 investigated the effect of valid and invalid physical cue as compared to baseline (without cue) in pain evaluation task (evaluating the pain intensity of a facial expression, = 28). Read More
Front Psychol 2018 30;9:2351. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
UR2NF, Neuropsychology and Functional Neuroimaging Research Unit, Centre de Recherches en Cognition et Neurosciences and UNI - ULB Neurosciences Institute, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
Sustained cognitive demands may result in cognitive fatigue (CF), eventually leading to decreased behavioral performance and compromised brain resources. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) would counteract the behavioral and neurophysiological effects of CF. Twenty young healthy participants were tested in a within-subject counterbalanced order across two different days. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 29;9:2263. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Scientific illustrations play an important role in scientific texts, however, young readers show limited ability to use illustration information and integrate it with the text in multimedia learning. The primary goal of the present study was to investigate if strategy instructions for illustrated text reading focused on scientific illustration reading and text-illustration integration can help young readers overcome their deficiencies and change their reading processes, learning outcomes, and subjective perceptions of article difficulty and enjoyment, illustration enjoyment, and self-evaluation of learning. Besides, is subjective perception of the article related to reading behavior? Sixty-two fourth-grade students read an illustrated science text while their eye movements were recorded, and then completed a reading test and questionnaire. Read More
Front Cell Neurosci 2018 30;12:460. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Centre for Eye Research Australia, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
Cellular reprogramming technology holds great potential for tissue repair and regeneration to replace cells that are lost due to diseases or injuries. In addition to the landmark discovery of induced pluripotent stem cells, advances in cellular reprogramming allow the direct lineage conversion of one somatic cell type to another using defined transcription factors. This direct reprogramming technology represents a rapid way to generate target cells in the laboratory, which can be used for transplantation and studies of biology and diseases. Read More
Asia Pac Fam Med 2018 7;17:12. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Senior Registrar in Ophthalmology, National Eye Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Background: Patients with diabetes on insulin therapy use sharps (e.g., needles) on a regular basis and a considerable proportion of them, within their home environments. Read More