1,132 results match your criteria Open Medicine[Journal]


Socio-demographic and economic factors are associated with nutritional status of adolescent school girls in Lay Guyint Woreda, Northwest Ethiopia.

SAGE Open Med 2019 16;7:2050312119844679. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia.

Objective: This study was aimed at assessing socio-demographic and economic factors associated with nutritional status of adolescent school girls in Lay Guyint Woreda, Northwest Ethiopia.

Methods: The school-based cross-sectional study comprising 362 adolescent girls aged 10-19 years was included in the study. Simple random sampling technique with proportional allocation to size was used to select the participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119844679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469276PMC

Prevalence of human T-lymphotropic virus 1/2 in Nigeria's capital territory and meta-analysis of Nigerian studies.

SAGE Open Med 2019 16;7:2050312119843706. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Objectives: This study was aimed at determining human T-lymphotropic virus 1/2 prevalence among apparently healthy, immunocompromised and haematologic malignant individuals in Nigeria's capital, as well as meta-analysis of all Nigerian studies until date.

Methods: A total of 200 participants were recruited into a cross-sectional study. In total, 1 mL each of sera and plasma were obtained from 5 mL blood of each participant and analysed for antibodies to human T-lymphotropic virus 1/2 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; positive samples confirmed with qualitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, followed by statistical and meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119843706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469272PMC

Risk factors attributed to failure of ultrasound-guided compression for post-cardiac catheterization femoral artery pseudoaneurysms.

SAGE Open Med 2019 16;7:2050312119843705. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Radiology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Femoral pseudoaneurysm is the most important access site complication following cardiac catheterization. Ultrasound-guided compression repair is a safe and effective therapeutic modality with variable failure rates and risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate which factors were associated with a higher incidence of ultrasound-guided compression repair failure for post-cardiac catheterization femoral pseudoaneurysm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119843705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469268PMC

Hypertension in pregnancy: Pathophysiology and treatment.

SAGE Open Med 2019 10;7:2050312119843700. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, an umbrella term that includes preexisting and gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and eclampsia, complicate up to 10% of pregnancies and represent a significant cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Despite the differences in guidelines, there appears to be consensus that severe hypertension and non-severe hypertension with evidence of end-organ damage need to be controlled; yet the ideal target ranges below 160/110 mmHg remain a source of debate. This review outlines the definition, pathophysiology, goals of therapy, and treatment agents used in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119843700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458675PMC

Evidence base for a housing warrant of fitness.

SAGE Open Med 2019 8;7:2050312119843028. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

University of Otago, Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.

Substandard housing is a major public health issue in New Zealand. Approximately, two-thirds of the housing stock is uninsulated and many homes are inadequately heated, with an average indoor temperature of 14.5°C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119843028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454639PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Sleep disturbances in HIV-infected patients associated with depression and high risk of obstructive sleep apnea.

SAGE Open Med 2019 8;7:2050312119842268. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: To evaluate sleep disturbances in a diverse, contemporary HIV-positive patient cohort and to identify demographic, clinical, and immune correlates.

Methods: A convenience sample of 176 patients from a racially and ethnically diverse HIV-positive patient cohort in an urban population. This was a cross-sectional, epidemiologic study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119842268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454647PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Prognosis of Glioma Patients.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 4;14:331-335. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Zhangjiajie People's Hospital, 192 Guyong road, Zhangjiajie, Hunan, China 427000.

This retrospective study was carried out to investigate factors affecting the prognosis of gliomas for better management of treatment. Clinical data from 186 glioma patients treated in our hospital from January 2013 to June 2016 were analyzed. There was slightly more male than female patients in the cohort. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/med.2019.14.issue-1/med-2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463817PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Comparative Study of Back Propagation Artificial Neural Networks and Logistic Regression Model in Predicting Poor Prognosis after Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 4;14:324-330. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University Qingyuan, Qingyuan China.

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of clinical variables on the poor prognosis at 90-day follow-up from acute stroke onset, and compare the diagnostic performance between back propagation artificial neural networks (BP ANNs) and Logistic regression (LR) models in predicting the prognosis.

Methods: We studied the association between clinical variables and the functional recovery of 435 acute ischemic stroke patients. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to modified Rankin Scale scores evaluated on the 90th day after stroke onset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463818PMC

Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms in Neurocognitive Disorders: Specific Patterns in Dementia Subtypes.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 4;14:307-316. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, H-4032, Hungary.

Background: Behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) form an important sub-syndrome of dementia. We assessed the frequency and severity of BPSD in a random sample of Hungarian treatment-naïve dementia patients. Furthermore, we examined the relationship between cognitive symptoms and BPSD and the pattern of BPSD in specific types of dementias. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/med.2019.14.issue-1/med-2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463819PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Effects of Light Touch on Balance in Patients with Stroke.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 9;14:259-263. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Gachon University, Incheon, Republic of Korea, 191 Hambangmoe-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Inchon, 406-799, Republic of Korea.

Light touch is the combination of cutaneous and kinesthetic inputs. The literature suggests that light touch compensates for a reduced amount of center of pressure information in older peoples, blind subjects and patients with neurological disorder. This study investigated the effects of light touch applied to an external bar, on the postural sway in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/med.2019.14.issue-1/med-2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463820PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Gender variation in symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease among type-2 diabetic patients.

SAGE Open Med 2019 1;7:2050312119840198. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Surgery, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Purpose: Little is known about the existence of potential gender disparities in peripheral arterial occlusive disease. To our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze differences attributed to gender in type-2 diabetic patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease, with regard to clinical presentations, risk factors and anatomical distributions of atherosclerosis.

Patients And Methods: This study was conducted at King Abdullah University Hospital, Jordan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119840198DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444770PMC

Profiling mental health professionals in relation to perceived interprofessional collaboration on teams.

SAGE Open Med 2019 29;7:2050312119841467. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Objectives: This study aims at identifying profiles of mental health professionals based on individual, interactional, structural and professional role characteristics related to interprofessional collaboration.

Methods: Mental health professionals ( = 315) working in primary health care and specialized mental health teams in four Quebec local service networks completed a self-administered questionnaire eliciting information on individual, interactional, structural and professional role characteristics.

Results: Cluster analysis identified four profiles of mental health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119841467DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444404PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A practical guide to episode groupers for cost-of-illness analysis in health services research.

SAGE Open Med 2019 29;7:2050312119840200. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Bureau of Economic Analysis, Washington, DC, USA.

Despite the prominence of episode groupers for analysis and reimbursement in US payer settings, peer-reviewed articles using episode groupers for cost-of-illness analysis that informs public health research and decision-making are uncommon. This article provides a brief practical guide to episode-based cost analysis and offers some examples of episode grouper products. It is intended for an audience of health services researchers and managers in public health settings who perform or commission cost-of-illness studies with the US healthcare claims fee-for-service data but lack familiarity with episode groupers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119840200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444409PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Palliative care services in families of males with muscular dystrophy: Data from MD STARnet.

SAGE Open Med 2019 27;7:2050312119840518. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Pediatrics, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Introduction: Information on use of palliative care services among individuals with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy is scant despite the clearly documented need.

Methods: We examined associations between uptake of palliative care services by 233 males with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy aged 12 and older for both caregiver and affected male characteristics using the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance Tracking and Research Network baseline interview.

Results: Ninety-one percent of caregivers (213/233) used at least one palliative care service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119840518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437326PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Predictive risk factors towards liver fluke infection among the people in Kamalasai District, Kalasin Province, Thailand.

SAGE Open Med 2019 25;7:2050312119840201. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: Liver fluke disease caused by remains a major public health problem with its crucial risk factors caused by some individual habits or false beliefs among the people in northeastern Thailand concerning the consumption of raw fish meat dishes.

Objectives: This study explores the predictive risk factors for the infection of liver fluke disease.

Methods: The sample consisted of 400 people aged 30 years and above in Thanya sub-district, Kamalasai district, Kalasin province. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119840201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434429PMC

Rescue treatment in patients with poorly responsive Guillain-Barre syndrome.

SAGE Open Med 2019 25;7:2050312119840195. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of rescue treatment (intravenous immunoglobulin or plasma exchange) in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome who did not respond or deteriorated after the initial management with intravenous immunoglobulin.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of patients who responded poorly or did not respond to intravenous immunoglobulin treatment. The disability parameters of those who received second-line treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin or plasma exchange (20 patients) were compared with those who did not receive second-line treatment (19 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119840195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434439PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Survival rate of HIV-infected children after initiation of the antiretroviral therapy and its predictors in Ethiopia: A facility-based retrospective cohort.

SAGE Open Med 2019 25;7:2050312119838957. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia.

Objective: To determine the survival rate and predictors of HIV-infected children on antiretroviral therapy at two selected facilities in North Ethiopia.

Methods: A facility-based retrospective cohort study was conducted in Debre Tabor General Hospital and Dessie Referral Hospital from December 2005 to November 2015. A total of 426 records were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119838957DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434434PMC
March 2019
115 Reads

Health-promoting lifestyle profile and associated factors among medical students in a Saudi university.

SAGE Open Med 2019 25;7:2050312119838426. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Health promotion is the main strategy for encouraging people to adopt a healthy lifestyle and for preventing non-communicable diseases. Medical students, in particular, are expected to have an important role in health promotion in their near future as physicians. The aim of this study was to determine and evaluate all six components of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile and its sociodemographic determinants among medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119838426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434441PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

MRI and Bone Scintigraphy for Breast Cancer Bone Metastase: A Meta-analysis.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 13;14:317-323. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310016, Hangzhou China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance image (MRI) and bone scintigraphy (BS) in the diagnosis of breast cancer bone metastases.

Methods: Searching in the databases including PubMed, Embase about the comparative study of MRI and bone scintigraphy in the diagnosis of breast cancer bone metastases during 2000~2018. After we screened further, the extracted effective data were calculated by Meta-Disc 1. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/med.2019.14.issue-1/med-2019
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434664PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Serum Inflammatory Cytokines Comparison in Gastric Cancer Therapy.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 12;14:300-306. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Pharmacology, Shandong University School of Medicine, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong, 250012 P.R. China.

To compare serum inflammatory cytokines between laparoscopic-assisted and open radical gastrectomy in the perioperative period, 80 cases of advanced gastric cancer were chosen for the study. They were divided into laparoscopy group (40 cases) and abdominal open surgery group (40 cases), performed laparoscopic-assisted radical gastrostomy and conventional open radical gastrectomy, respectively. Serum Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP were measured by ELISA on preoperative day 1, post-operative day 1 and post-operative day3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434663PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Treating Infertility: Current Affairs of Cross-border Reproductive Care.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 12;14:292-299. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Physiology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Infertility patients are willing to travel abroad to receive the medical treatment of choice. A 2010 study reported that approximately 25,000 couples travel abroad annually seeking infertility treatment. The purpose of this review is to analyze the criteria and risks related to cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) from the perspective of the patients and explore the issues raised regarding the country of origin and the destination country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434662PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Erratum.

Authors:

SAGE Open Med 2019 22;7:2050312119841832. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2050312119834468.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119841832DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431762PMC

Discrepancies between patients' and pharmacists' perceptions of the role of community pharmacists as advisors on the use of pharmaceuticals in Japan: A comparison prior to and following revision of the Pharmacists' Act.

SAGE Open Med 2019 21;7:2050312119838746. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Laboratory of Analytical Pharmaceutics and Informatics, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai University, Saitama, Japan.

Objectives: In 2014, immediately prior to the revision of Article 25-2 of the Pharmacists' Act, we conducted a survey on pharmacists' and patients' perceptions of pharmacists' roles. A role discrepancy between the two was identified. The objective was to examine changes in role perceptions and awareness of pharmacists as medication specialists following revision to the Pharmacists' Act. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119838746DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429651PMC

Sepsis: The evolution in definition, pathophysiology, and management.

SAGE Open Med 2019 21;7:2050312119835043. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

There has been a significant evolution in the definition and management of sepsis over the last three decades. This is driven in part due to the advances made in our understanding of its pathophysiology. There is evidence to show that the manifestations of sepsis can no longer be attributed only to the infectious agent and the immune response it engenders, but also to significant alterations in coagulation, immunosuppression, and organ dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119835043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429642PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Clinical audit as a tool to optimize contracted private healthcare provision: Testing the waters in resource-deprived Greece.

SAGE Open Med 2019 19;7:2050312119838736. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

3rd Internal Medicine Department & Diabetes Center, General Hospital of Nikaia, Athens, Greece.

Background And Aims: Clinical audit is applied to optimize clinical practice and quality of healthcare services while controlling for money spent, critically in resource-deprived settings. This case study reports on the outcomes of a retrospective clinical audit on private hospitalizations, for which reimbursement had been pending by the Health Care Organization for Public Servants (OPAD) in Greece. This case study is the first effort by a social insurance organization in Greece to employ external clinical audit before settling contracted private healthcare charges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119838736DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425533PMC

Workflow efficiency pilot study of Surgery Viewer: A secure hands-free intraoperative multimedia interface for Google Glass™.

SAGE Open Med 2019 18;7:2050312119838418. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Tiger Institute for Health Innovation, Cerner Corporation, Columbia, MO, USA.

Background: The Google Glass™ heads-up-display system has been adopted by the medical field for applications such as image capture, live streaming and decision support.

Methods: We designed a custom application for Google Glass™ called Surgery Viewer to capture patient images and securely transfer them to the electronic medical record. Surgery Viewer was compared to a standard digital camera and an Apple iOS device using another image capture application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119838418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423676PMC

Psycho-social impact of developmental dysplasia of the hip and of differential access to early diagnosis and treatment: A narrative study of young adults.

SAGE Open Med 2019 18;7:2050312119836010. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Objectives: Symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip can present in the young, active adult patient and can lead to severe pain and disability at a young age. The overall aim of the study was to deepen the understanding of the impact of developmental dysplasia of the hip on young adults' quality of life and psycho-social well-being, focusing on how differential access to early diagnosis impacted the trajectory of the disease and treatment options.

Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews and gathered online stories from 97 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119836010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423670PMC

The evaluation of the efficacy and safety of non-invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in combination with INtubation-SURfactant-Extubation technique for infants at 28 to 33 weeks of gestation with respiratory distress syndrome.

SAGE Open Med 2019 15;7:2050312119838417. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Neonatology, Seirei Hamamatsu General Hospital, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist used after INtubation-SURfactant-Extubation in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome.

Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study that included 15 inborn preterm infants at 28 (0/7) to 33 (6/7) weeks of gestation with respiratory distress syndrome in the period from April 2017 to October 2018. After INtubation-SURfactant-Extubation, infants underwent non-invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119838417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421598PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Typhi and Paratyphi among febrile patients at Karamara Hospital, Jigjiga, eastern Ethiopia.

SAGE Open Med 2019 15;7:2050312119837854. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Typhi and Paratyphi among febrile patients at Karamara Hospital, Jigjiga, eastern Ethiopia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 203 febrile patients presumptive of enteric fever ( Typhi and Paratyphi) at Karamara Hospital from 15 February to 20 March 2016. Venous blood was collected, cultured, and biochemical tests were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119837854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421600PMC

Reporting on the level of validity and reliability of questionnaires measuring Katakori severity: A systematic review.

SAGE Open Med 2019 15;7:2050312119836617. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Physical Therapy, Saitama Prefectural University, Saitama, Japan.

Objectives: Katakori is a Japanese term for non-specific symptoms including discomfort or dull pain caused by muscle stiffness around the neck through the shoulders and is one of the most frequently reported symptoms in Japan. However, there has been no standardized patient-reported outcome measure to evaluate Katakori severity. This study aimed to investigate the reporting level on validity and reliability of patient-reported outcome measures of Katakori severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119836617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421599PMC

Potential usage of cardioneuroablation in vagally mediated functional atrioventricular block.

SAGE Open Med 2019 15;7:2050312119836308. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Usak University, Usak, Turkey.

An increase in parasympathetic tone may be the main cause of some transient or permanent atrioventricular block cases. Some of these patients, defined as vagally mediated functional atrioventricular block, may be severely symptomatic and refractory to conventional therapies and may necessitate cardiac pacing. Cardioneuroablation is a relatively new strategy for management of patients with excessive vagal activation based on radiofrequency catheter ablation of main ganglionated plexi around the heart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119836308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421594PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Endovenous Celon radiofrequency-induced thermal therapy of great saphenous vein: A retrospective study with a 3-year follow-up.

SAGE Open Med 2018 21;6:2050312118794591. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

L'unité d'écho-doppler et de médecine vasculaire, CHRU La Cavale Blanche, Brest, France.

Objective: Our main objective was to evaluate the short- and long-term efficacy of Celon radiofrequency-induced thermal therapy for endovenous treatment of incompetent great saphenous vein. The secondary objectives were to report on possible short-term side effects and complications.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of 112 consecutive patients included between 2013 and June 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312118794591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416801PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Brainstem Anaesthesia after Retrobulbar Block.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 2;14:287-291. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Regional anaesthesia techniques in ophthalmology are usually utilized for day case surgery. During various procedures, profound akinesia of the eye and anaesthesia of the surgical site are required, both of which are achieved with retrobulbar block. Due to the anatomy of the eye, life-threatening complications are possible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419387PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Prognostic Significance of Lymph Node Ratio in Ovarian Cancer.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 2;14:279-286. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Second Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medicine University, 34 Zhongshan Road, Licheng,Quanzhou, 362000, China.

Lymphadenectomy is critical in the clinical prognosis of ovarian cancer patients. Therefore, we assessed whether lymph node ratio (LNR) has predictive value on overall survival (OS) of patients with serous epithelial ovarian cancer (SEOC). A total of 7,815 eligible SEOC patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, who underwent surgical resection between 1973 and 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419391PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Effects of Budesonide Combined with Noninvasive Ventilation on PCT, sTREM-1, Chest Lung Compliance, Humoral Immune Function and Quality of Life in Patients with AECOPD Complicated with Type II Respiratory Failure.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 2;14:271-278. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Emergency, 1st Hospital of Yulin, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province 719000, China.

Objective: Our objective is to explore the effects of budesonide combined with noninvasive ventilation on procalcitonin (PCT), soluble myeloid cell triggering receptor-1 (sTREM-1), thoracic and lung compliance, humoral immune function, and quality of life in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) complicated with type II respiratory failure.

Methods: There were 82 patients with AECOPD complicated with type II respiratory failure admitted into our hospital between March, 2016-September, 2017. They were selected and randomly divided into observation group (n=41) and control group (n=41). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419390PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

METTL3 Promotes the Proliferation and Mobility of Gastric Cancer Cells.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 2;14:25-31. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Gastroenterology, The second hospital of Shandong University, 250033 Jinan, Shandong, China.

Methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) was originally known to be responsible for N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification of mRNA. Recent studies have found that METTL3 plays important roles in a variety of tumors by regulating the translation of oncogenes. However, the functional and regulating mechanisms of METTL3 in human gastric cancer have not yet been understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419388PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Resectable Single Hepatic Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma in the Left Lobe of the Liver: A Case Report.

Open Med (Wars) 2018 31;13:456-459. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Biliary Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Chengdu China.

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is an extremely rare malignancy of vascular origin. When most patients with HEHE are diagnosed, they have a diffuse nodular phenotype, which is usually unresectable. A single nodular phenotype is found in only a small proportion (13%) of patients, and most are reported to be located in the right lobe of the liver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2018-0069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419389PMC
December 2018

The effects of indoor and outdoor sports participation and seasonal changes on vitamin D levels in athletes.

SAGE Open Med 2019 12;7:2050312119837480. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Malatya Public Health Directorate, Malatya, Turkey.

Objective: Nowadays, people tend to spend more time in the closed areas and benefit less from sunlight. In this study, we examined the results of vitamin D measurements of athletes from different disciplines in different months and aimed to determine if the synthesis of vitamin D decreases or not according to exercise environment and month.

Methods: The study was conducted in participants aged 5-52 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119837480DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415475PMC

Healthcare providers' knowledge, readiness, prescribing behaviors, and perceived barriers regarding routine HIV testing and pre-exposure prophylaxis in DeLand, Florida.

SAGE Open Med 2019 11;7:2050312119836030. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Office of Planning and Performance Management, Florida Department of Health in Volusia County, Daytona Beach, FL, USA.

Objectives: Florida ranks highest in the United States among newly diagnosed HIV infections. This ranking reflects the need for investigation of healthcare providers' knowledge, readiness, prescribing behaviors, and perceived barriers to routine HIV testing and pre-exposure prophylaxis.

Methods: We adapted national questionnaires with questions co-developed with Florida Department of Health to form a 25-item instrument. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119836030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413419PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Relationship with children and the psychological well-being of the elderly in Indonesia.

SAGE Open Med 2019 12;7:2050312119836026. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Division of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.

Objective: Many older adults in Indonesia live with their children. This study examined the relationship between the quality of the relationship that elderly parents may have with their children living with them and any effects on psychological well-being.

Methods: Relationship quality encompasses positive and negative aspects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119836026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415465PMC

Reliability and validity of the Brief 2-Way Social Support Scale: an investigation of social support in promoting older adult well-being.

SAGE Open Med 2019 12;7:2050312119836020. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

The School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, QLD, Australia.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore the relationship between well-being and perceived stress, and the functional dimensions of social support in older adults.

Method: Data from 306 older adults were obtained in a survey containing the two-way Social Support Scale (2-Way SSS). Also, a subset of the sample ( = 165) was filled out with measures of well-being and perceived stress, and a follow-up survey was completed 3 months later ( = 111). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119836020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415481PMC

Adverse event profiles of solvent-based and nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel formulations using the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System.

SAGE Open Med 2019 11;7:2050312119836011. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Laboratory of Drug Informatics, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Gifu, Japan.

Objectives: Paclitaxel is a highly effective antitumor agent with notable adverse events, including hypersensitivity reactions, peripheral neuropathy, arthralgia, myalgias, and neutropenia. Solvent-based paclitaxel causes severe allergic, hypersensitivity, and anaphylactic reactions. Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel was recently developed and provides an advantage over solvent-based paclitaxel in avoiding solvent/surfactant-related adverse events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119836011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413422PMC
March 2019
13 Reads

Assessment of literacy and numeracy skills related to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug labels.

SAGE Open Med 2019 7;7:2050312119834119. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Michigan College of Pharmacy, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used and have a potential for over-the-counter misuse. Limited health literacy is associated with poor health outcomes. Identification of new strategies to assess literacy and numeracy could be useful in targeting effective education initiatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119834119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407168PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Lower sensitivity of ankle-brachial index measurements among people suffering with diabetes-associated vascular disorders: A systematic review.

SAGE Open Med 2019 1;7:2050312119835038. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

is a systemic disease affecting microvascular and macrovascular systems and is considered as the strongest risk factor for peripheral arterial disease. Although the prevalence of the peripheral arterial disease is high among people living with diabetes, its severity is not accurately detected with the prevalent diagnostic methodologies. The ankle-brachial index measurement is a simple, objective, and reliable tool for diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119835038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399753PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Needs management in families affected by childhood-onset dystrophinopathies.

SAGE Open Med 2019 2;7:2050312119834470. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Neurology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.

Purpose: To collect information about the needs of families affected by childhood-onset dystrophinopathies residing in the United States.

Methods: Individuals with an eligible dystrophinopathy were identified by the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research network. Between September 2008 and December 2012, 272 caregivers completed a 48-item survey about needs related to information, healthcare services, psychosocial issues, finances, caregiver demographics, and the individual's functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312119834470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399767PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Oncoprotein LAMTOR5 Activates GLUT1 Via Upregulating NF-κB in Liver Cancer.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 26;14:264-270. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300052, Tianjin, China.

Objective: Accumulating reports reveal that serving as an oncogenic factor LAMTOR5 is involved in the progression of many specific cancers. Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) is frequently identified in many cancers. However, it remains unexplored whether GLUT1 plays a role in LAMTOR5-enhanced liver cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401392PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

High Expression B3GAT3 Is Related with Poor Prognosis of Liver Cancer.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 26;14:251-258. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of General Surgery, Zaozhuang Municipal Hospital, Zaozhuang 277100, Shandong Province, China.

Liver cancer is one of the most malignant tumors with poor prognosis. Finding molecular markers that can predict prognosis is very important for the treatment of liver cancer. The present research is trying to find a new biomarker for human liver cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401394PMC
February 2019

A Spinal Subdural Hematoma Induced by Guidewire-based Lumbar Drainage in a Patient with Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 26;14:247-250. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chongqing Emergency Medical Center, The Fourth People's Hospital of Chongqing, No.1 Jiankang Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400014, Chongqing, China.

We present a rare case of spinal subdural hematoma induced by guidewire-based lumbar drainage in a subarachnoid hemorrhage patient with a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Decreased muscle strength and muscle tension of bilateral lower limbs were noted, and an MRI confirmed the spinal subdural hematoma from the sacral to the thoracic segments. The spinal subdural hematoma evacuation and spinal canal decompression were performed by laminectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401395PMC
February 2019
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Computed Tomography Findings in Patients with Samter's Triad: An Observational Study.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 26;14:241-246. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jeju National University School of Medicine, 102 Jejudaehakno, Jeju 63243, Jeju, South Korea.

Samter's Triad is a disorder characterized by chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (NPs), asthma, and intolerance to cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors. However, there have been no studies investigating the prediction of Samter's Triad using imaging findings. Therefore, the authors aimed to investigate whether there is a difference in computed tomography (CT) findings between patients who have CRS with NPs and those with Samter's Triad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401393PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Analysis of Ticagrelor's Cardio-protective Effects on Patients with ST-segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome Accompanied with Diabetes.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 20;14:234-240. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Cardiology, Navy General Hospital, No. 6 Fucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: To analyze the cardio-protective effects of ticagrelor in patients with acute coronary syndrome with S-T segment elevation.

Methods: The sample was 200 patients who had been diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome accompanied by diabetes Mellitus type II. Only patients having ST segment elevation before the treatment were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401390PMC
February 2019
1 Read