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    1 OF 74

    Descriptive analysis of mycological examination of patients with onychomycosis treated in private practice.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 Jan-Feb;92(1):134-136
    Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo - São Paulo (SP), Brazil.
    This is a retrospective study of 160 patients treated in private practice in São Paulo from March 2003 to March 2015. We analyzed 171 results of direct mycological examinations and fungal cultures from nail scrapings. The agreement between direct mycological examination results and fungal culture was satisfactory, consistent with the literature (kappa 0. Read More

    Meta-analysis of the utility of culture, biopsy, and direct KOH examination for the diagnosis of onychomycosis.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Feb 22;17(1):166. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    School of Microbiology, University of Antioquia (Universidad de Antioquia), Calle 67 Número 53 - 108, Bloque 5, oficina 103, Medellín, Colombia.
    Background: Onychomycosis is a highly prevalent disease worldwide. There is no standard test for its diagnosis, which remains costly, wasteful, and is sometimes delayed. The diagnostic tests for this disease are few and discordant. Read More

    The first report of onychomycosis caused by Cryptococcus friedmannii (Naganishia friedmannii) a basidiomycetous yeast.
    Med Mycol Case Rep 2017 Mar 25;15:25-27. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Deputy of Research and Technology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
    Yeasts are common etiologic agents of onychomycosis. This study reported a case of onychomycosis due to Cryptococcus friedmannii (Naganishia friedmannii). This yeast was isolated of the right great toenail of 57-year-old man. Read More

    Topical Treatment for Onychomycosis: Is it More Effective than the Clinical Data Suggests?
    J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2016 Nov 1;9(11):34-39. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Valeant Pharmaceuticals North America LLC, Bridgewater, New Jersey.
    Background: The current definition of complete cure is considered too stringent to reflect the true benefit of onychomycosis treatment seen in general practice and may limit the use of newer topical agents in mild-to-moderate disease. In addition, outcomes reported in clinical trials do not consistently report secondary endpoints, making data comparison difficult. Methods: The authors review the clinical data reported on two new topical antifungals, efinaconazole and tavaborole, in light of the latest thinking of more practical approaches to assess improvement and treatment success. Read More

    Pilot study to evaluate a plasma device for the treatment of onychomycosis.
    Clin Exp Dermatol 2017 Feb 11. Epub 2017 Feb 11.
    Department of Dermatology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.
    Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail unit, and is the most common of the nail disorders. Current therapies for onychomycosis have less than ideal efficacy and have the potential for adverse effects. As previous studies have shown that nonthermal plasma inhibits the in vitro growth of Trichophyton rubrum, we conducted a pilot study on 19 participants with toenail onychomycosis. Read More

    Incidence and biodiversity of yeasts, dermatophytes and non-dermatophytes in superficial skin infections in Assiut, Egypt.
    J Mycol Med 2017 Feb 7. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Assiut University Mycological Centre, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.
    Objective: The aim was to identify the incidence of the causal agents from dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes and yeasts in Assiut Governorate employing, beside the morphological and physiological techniques, the genotypic ones.

    Patients: Samples from infected nails, skin and hair were taken from 125 patients.

    Materials And Methods: Patients who presented with onychomycosis, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris and tinea pedis during the period from February 2012 to October 2015 were clinically examined and diagnosed by dermatologists and were guided to Assiut University Mycological Centre for direct microscopic examination, culturing and identification. Read More

    Molecular Diagnostic Techniques for Onychomycosis: Validity and Potential Application.
    Am J Clin Dermatol 2017 Feb 4. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Basic Research Laboratories, Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical Co., Inc., Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
    Background: Diagnosis of onychomycosis requires positive findings by direct microscopy and fungal culture. Fungal culture is slow and difficult, with low yields. We compared two dermatophyte identification methods, one using a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, and the other using fungal culture to validate the molecular method. Read More

    Transungual Gel of Terbinafine Hydrochloride for the Management of Onychomycosis: Formulation, Optimization, and Evaluation.
    AAPS PharmSciTech 2017 Jan 23. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
    Pharmaceutics Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Punjabi University, Patiala, India.
    The present study was aimed to optimize, develop, and evaluate microemulsion and microemulsion-based gel as a vehicle for transungual drug delivery of terbinafine hydrochloride for the treatment of onychomycosis. D-optimal mixture experimental design was adopted to optimize the composition of microemulsion having amount of oil (X 1), Smix (mixture of surfactant and cosurfactant; X 2), and water (X 3) as the independent variables. The formulations were assessed for permeation (micrograms per square centimeter per hour; Y 1), particle size (nanometer; Y 2), and solubility of the drug in the formulation (milligrams per milliliter; Y 3). Read More

    Relationship Between Phenotypic and Genotypic Characteristics of Trichophyton mentagrophytes Strains Isolated from Patients with Dermatophytosis.
    Mycopathologia 2017 Jan 18. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Parasitology-Mycology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Farhat Hached University Hospital, Mohamed El Karoui Street, 4002, Sousse, Tunisia.
    According to epidemiological, clinical and mycological criteria, it has long been admitted that the Trichophyton mentagrophytes species includes two varieties: a zoophilic variety (var. mentagrophytes) and an anthropophilic variety (var. interdigitale) that involve the upper and the lower part of the body, respectively. Read More

    Subungual squamous cell carcinoma.
    An Bras Dermatol 2016 Nov-Dec;91(6):817-819
    Policlínica Geral do Rio de Janeiro (PGRJ) - Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.
    Although subungual squamous cell carcinoma is rare, it is the most common primary malignant neoplasms in this location. The higher incidence occurs in the fingernails, but involvement of the toenails is also possible. Subungual squamous cell carcinoma often looks like other more common benign lesions, such as fungal infection, onychomycosis, or viral wart. Read More

    Understanding the formidable nail barrier: A review of the nail microstructure, composition and diseases.
    Mycoses 2017 Jan 18. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Amway Corporation, Ada, MI, USA.
    The topical treatment of nail fungal infections has been a focal point of nail research in the past few decades as it offers a much safer and focused alternative to conventional oral therapy. Although the current focus remains on exploring the ways of enhancing permeation through the formidable nail barrier, the understanding of the nail microstructure and composition is far from complete. This article reviews our current understanding of the nail microstructure, composition and diseases. Read More

    Efficacy and tolerability of amorolfine 5% nail lacquer in combination with systemic antifungal agents for onychomycosis: A meta-analysis and systematic review.
    Dermatol Ther 2017 Jan 18. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Departments of Dermatovenerology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610041, China.
    The efficacy and safety of amorolfine 5% nail lacquer in combination with systemic antifungal agents in the treatment of the onychomycosis were evaluated. According to our meta-analysis, combination treatment of amorolfine 5% nail lacquer and systemic antifungals can result in higher percentage of complete clearance of onychomycosis. It showed that the experimental combination group was more effective than monotherapy of the systemic antifungals [OR (odds ratio) = 1. Read More

    An innovative polysaccharide nanobased nail formulation for improvement of onychomycosis treatment.
    Eur J Pharm Sci 2017 Jan 5;100:56-63. Epub 2017 Jan 5.
    Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Tioconazole-loaded nanocapsule suspensions and its coating with a cationic polymer were developed for nail drug delivery. The colloidal systems presented a nanometric size around 155nm for uncoated nanoparticles and 162nm for those with the cationic coating, with negative and positive zeta potential values, respectively. Both nanosuspensions showed drug content close to theoretical values (1mgmL(-1)), association efficiency close to 100% (HPLC) and were able to control tioconazol release. Read More

    Long-Pulsed 1064-nm Nd: YAG Laser for the Treatment of Onychomycosis.
    Photomed Laser Surg 2016 Dec 30. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
    5 Department of Health Sciences, University of Catanzaro , Catanzaro, Italy .
    Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser in penetrating tissue and targeting the fungal overgrowth in the nail plate.

    Background: Onychomycosis is the most frequent nail disorder. Current treatments include oral and topical antifungal agents, photodynamic therapy, and surgical approaches such as mechanical, chemical, or surgical nail avulsion. Read More

    Over-the-counter and natural remedies for onychomycosis: do they really work?
    Cutis 2016 Nov;98(5):E16-E25
    Department of Dermatology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, USA.
    Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail unit that may lead to dystrophy and disfigurement over time. It accounts for up to 50% of all nail conditions, with toenails affected more commonly than fingernails. Onychomycosis may affect quality of life and increase the prevalence and severity of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. Read More

    [Trichophyton tonsurans associated with non-albicans Candida species in hands onychomycosis about a Moroccan case].
    J Mycol Med 2016 Dec 28. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, hôpital militaire Moulay Ismaïl, boulevard Mohamed, El Hansali, Meknès 50000, Maroc.
    Introduction: Trichophyton tonsurans is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, frequent in the USA and in Asia where it is responsible for causing tinea capitis. At present, we attend an emergence of this species in certain regions where it was not or little met. Here, we report a case of onychomycosis of the hand due to T. Read More

    Preparation and evaluation of a novel dosage form for onychomycosis.
    Int J Pharm 2017 Feb 26;518(1-2):105-110. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Institute of Pharmacy, Center for Molecular Biosciences Innsbruck, University of Innsbruck, Austria.
    Onychomycosis is a common infection of the nail caused by dermatophyte affecting mostly toenails in adults being associated with limited treatment options. In this study novel dosage forms were prepared and evaluated for their suitability in treatment of onychomycosis. Films were prepared comprising polymeric excipients such as chitosan, (hydroxypropyl)methyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl-cellulose, carboxymethylcellulose according to solvent evaporation method. Read More

    Trichophyton rubrum Infection Characterized by Majocchi's Granuloma and Deeper Dermatophytosis: Case Report and Review of Published Literature.
    Mycopathologia 2016 Dec 21. Epub 2016 Dec 21.
    Department of Dermatology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200040, China.
    Infections caused by Trichophyton rubrum are very common in dermatological disease. It most often appears as superficial cutaneous mycosis, such as tinea manuum, tinea pedis, and tinea corporis. However, deep infection caused by T. Read More

    Nail disorders: Kids are not just little people.
    Clin Dermatol 2016 Nov - Dec;34(6):736-741. Epub 2016 Jul 11.
    Department of Dermatology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address:
    Nail disorders comprise an important subset of dermatologic conditions and often pose both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to the clinician. Presentation and management can differ in adults and children. Proper understanding of these differences is important in delivering optimal patient care. Read More

    Acral manifestations of fungal infections.
    Clin Dermatol 2017 Jan - Feb;35(1):28-39. Epub 2016 Sep 10.
    Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Department of Dermatology, İstanbul University, Fatih, Istanbul 34098, Turkey.
    Fungal infections, which are named according to the body site involved, can affect any skin area, the fingernails, or the toenails. Numerous fungal agents are responsible for both superficial and deep fungal diseases. Dermatophytes and Candida spp are the most common causative organisms on the surface of the hands, feet, and nails of patients with superficial fungal diseases; however, although deep fungal infections of the skin are less common compared with superficial fungal diseases, their incidence is increasing worldwide due to cross-border travel. Read More

    Tintelnotia, a new genus in Phaeosphaeriaceae harbouring agents of cornea and nail infections in humans.
    Mycoses 2016 Dec 1. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany.
    Phaeosphaeriaceae is a family in the order Pleosporales containing numerous plant pathogens, endophytes, lichenised fungi, and environmental saprobes. A novel genus, Tintelnotia is introduced containing two species, one of which caused an eye infection and several nail infections in humans. All species of Tintelnotia produce conidia in soft pycnidia with a wide ostiole. Read More

    Invasive cutaneous infection due to Scopulariopsis brevicaulis unsuccessfully treated with high-dose micafungin in a neutropenic patient.
    Infection 2016 Dec 1. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Département d'Hématologie, Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Saclay, 114 Avenue Edouard Vaillant, 94805, Villejuif, France.
    Scopulariopsis brevicaulis onychomycosis with local cutaneous invasion was diagnosed in an acute leukemia patient and unsuccessfully treated with high-dose micafungin, based on antifungal susceptibility testing. This case should alert clinicians to the possible severe evolution of onychomycosis in neutropenic patients and suggests that surgery should be preferred in such a situation. Read More

    Verrucous Onychomycosis Caused by Curvularia in a Patient with Congenital Pterygium.
    Indian J Dermatol 2016 Nov-Dec;61(6):701
    Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.
    A 57 year healthy farmer with congenital nail pterygium presented with a verrucous growth on nail bed since 8 months. He was not diabetic and HIV rapid card test negative. Our clinical diagnosis was chromoblastomycosis but culture showed growth of curvularia species on two occasions and histopathology showed hyphal and yeast forms of the pigmented fungus. Read More

    Comparison of Characteristics of Two Topical Therapeutic Agents for Onychomycosis.
    Med Mycol J 2016 ;57(4):J141-J147
    R&D Laboratories, POLA PHARMA INC.
    Two topical therapeutic agents were approved in Japan from 2015 to 2016, adding new options for onychomycosis therapy in the clinical field. In order to confirm the differences of formulation properties and nail pharmacokinetics between 5% luliconazole solution and 10% efinaconazole solution, drug concentration and antifungal activity in the nail were measured after topical treatment using human nail plates. In the in vitro permeation study, concentration of each drug was measured in the transversely sliced nail after single treatment with the two topical therapeutic agents. Read More

    Potential of Ravuconazole and its Prodrugs as the New OralTherapeutics for Onychomycosis.
    Med Mycol J 2016 ;57(4):E93-E110
    Teikyo University Institute of Medical Mycology.
    Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail apparatus caused by dermatophytes, Candida and non-dermatophytic molds. It is highly prevalent in the general population worldwide and also responsible for significant morbidity and complications and does not usually cure itself. Thus, the condition needs to be treated in view of physical and psychological problems produced. Read More

    A review of the mechanism of action of lasers and photodynamic therapy for onychomycosis.
    Lasers Med Sci 2017 Feb 24;32(2):469-474. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Onychomycosis is one of the most common diseases in the field of dermatology. It refers to the fungal infection of the nail plate or nail bed with high incidence in the general population. The available treatment options for onychomycosis have limited use due to side effects, drug interactions, and contraindications, which necessitates the application of an alternative treatment for onychomycosis. Read More

    Onychomycosis in diabetic patients in Fako Division of Cameroon: prevalence, causative agents, associated factors and antifungal sensitivity patterns.
    BMC Res Notes 2016 Nov 22;9(1):494. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Department of Public Health and Hygiene, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea, Cameroon.
    Background: Onychomycosis is an infection of the nail unit by a fungus. This is a very common infection amongst diabetics. Its occurrence among diabetics in Fako division is unknown. Read More

    Acta Chir Plast Fall 2016;58(1):43-45
    Onychomatricoma is a rare benign fibroepithelial tumour that originates from the nail matrix and can affect the nail bed of fingers and toes. Onychomatricoma may represent a premalignant lesion and although the etiology is still not fully understood, a previous finger trauma is considered the main predisposing factor. Unlike previous scientific articles we report a case of a "non traumatic" onychomatricoma in a 60 years old woman underlining the clinical and histological features to distinguish this uncommon lesion from other lesions originating from the nail apparatus. Read More

    UV-curable gels as topical nail medicines:In vivo residence, anti-fungal efficacy and influence of gel components on their properties.
    Int J Pharm 2016 Nov;514(1):244-254
    UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, UK. Electronic address:
    UV-curable gels, used as nail cosmetics for their in vivo durability, were reported to be promising as topical nail medicines. Our first aim was thus to investigate whether such durability applies to drug-loaded formulations. This was found to be true. Read More

    The efficacy of fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser combined with luliconazole 1% cream for the treatment of onychomycosis: A randomized, controlled trial.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Nov;95(44):e5141
    Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
    Background: To evaluate the efficacy of fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser combined with luliconazole 1% cream for the treatment of onychomycosis and to compare it with that of fractional CO2 laser alone.

    Methods: This was a randomized, parallel group, 2-arm, positive-controlled, single-center, superiority trial with a 1:2 allocation ratio. Sixty patients with clinical and mycological diagnosis of onychomycosis were enrolled from the Dermatology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in Nanjing, China from March 2015 to May 2015. Read More

    Real-World Efficacy of 1064-nm Nd:YAG Laser for the Treatment of Onychomycosis.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2016 Nov 16. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Background: Onychomycosis is a cosmetic and, at times, medical concern; therefore, effective and safe alternatives to treatment are needed.

    Objective: To determine the efficacy of a 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of onychomycosis in a real-world setting.

    Methods: A single-centre retrospective chart review was conducted between 2012 and 2013. Read More

    Non-dermatophyte Dermatoses Mimicking Dermatophytoses in Animals.
    Mycopathologia 2017 Feb 16;182(1-2):113-126. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    UP Interactions Cellules Environnement, VetAgro Sup, Univ Lyon, 69280, Marcy l'Etoile, France.
    Dermatophytoses in animals are fungal diseases of the skin caused by dermatophyte fungi of the genus Microsporum or Trichophyton. Because the infection is generally follicular, the most common clinical sign is one or many circular areas of alopecia with variable erythema, scaling and crusting, and the primary differential diagnoses are follicular infections, such as bacterial folliculitis and demodicosis. Although dermatophyte folliculitis or ringworm is the most commonly observed lesion of dermatophytoses in animals, other presentations may be observed according to the host species and the dermatophyte involved: dermatophyte folliculitis or ringworm, scaling and crusting in dermatophytosis due to Microsporum persicolor, nodule in case of kerion or mycetoma, matted hairs, seborrheic dermatosis or miliary dermatitis in cats, generalized exfoliative dermatoses in dogs, cats and horses, superficial non-follicular pustules, papules and macules in the Devon Rex cat, pruritic dermatophytoses in dogs, cats and horses, and onychomycosis in dogs, cats and horses. Read More

    Onychomycosis: Practical Approaches to Minimize Relapse and Recurrence.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2016 Sep 14;2(1-2):83-87. Epub 2016 Sep 14.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Ala., USA.
    Introduction: Toenail onychomycosis is a common disease in which treatment options are limited and treatment failures and disease recurrence are frequently encountered. It usually requires many months of treatment, and recurrence may occur in more than half of the patients within 1 year or more after the infection has been eradicated. Data on long-term treatment, follow-up and recurrence are limited. Read More

    Role of HLA-DR Alleles to Increase Genetic Susceptibility to Onychomycosis in Nail Psoriasis.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2016 Sep 13;2(1-2):22-25. Epub 2016 May 13.
    Department of Dermatology, 'Dr. Manuel Gea González' General Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Background: Patients with nail psoriasis have an increased risk of onychomycosis. Previous studies suggest it may be due to structural changes of the nails. However, a genetic predisposition seems to be also at play. Read More

    Nail clipping in onychomycosis.
    An Bras Dermatol 2016 Sep-Oct;91(5):688-690
    Hospital do Servidor Público Municipal de São Paulo (HSPM-SP) - São Paulo (SP), Brazil.
    Onychomycosis is the most prevalent onychopathy and it requires a correct early diagnosis. Currently, the diagnostic gold standard is the association of direct mycological test with culture; however, it shows variable sensitivity. The histopathological examination of the distal nail plate, called clipping, has shown to be an adjuvant in diagnosing onychomycosis. Read More

    Onychomycosis by Paecilomyces lilacinus.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2016 Dec;151(6):706-709
    Department of Medical and Surgical Physiopathology, Università degli Studi di Milano, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy -
    The authors describe a case of onychomycosis by Paecilomyces lilacinus in an 81-year-old Caucasian woman. The infection was characterized clinically by yellow-brown discoloration of the nail plate, distal-lateral onycholysis and subungual hyperkeratosis of the first left toenail. Microscopic examination showed irregular hyphae. Read More

    Lasers for Onychomycosis: Current Status.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2016 Nov 4. Epub 2016 Nov 4.
    Mediprobe Research, Inc, London, Ontario, Canada.
    Many studies that have been recently published investigate the efficacy of laser treatment for onychomycosis. These studies support the current US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of lasers for the 'temporary increase in clear nail'. Clear nail growth is an important treatment goal for patients; however, many do not realise that laser treatment is not a cure for onychomycosis. Read More

    Factors influencing cure rates of non-dermatophyte mold and Candida onychomycosis: analysis of outcomes in 81 patients who completed treatment.
    Int J Dermatol 2017 Feb 4;56(2):202-208. Epub 2016 Nov 4.
    Department of Evaluation and Research, National Institute of Health Sciences, Kalutara, Sri Lanka.
    Objectives: Onychomycosis shows a poor response to current topical, oral, or device-related antifungal therapies. The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing the cure rates of non-dermatophyte mold and Candida onychomycosis.

    Methods: Eighty-one patients who completed treatments were divided into "cured" and "non-cured" groups. Read More

    Growing Incidence of Non-Dermatophyte Onychomycosis in Tehran, Iran.
    Jundishapur J Microbiol 2016 Aug 26;9(8):e40543. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
    Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran.
    Background: Non-dermatophyte onychomycosis (NDO) is caused by a wide range of mold fungi other than dermatophytes, and has been reported at various rates in different countries worldwide. Studies on the incidence of NDO in the community are essential for understanding its epidemiology and control, as well as for the appropriate treatment of these infections.

    Objectives: In this study, the incidence of NDO in Tehran, Iran, was compared to the incidence of onychomycoses due to dermatophytes and yeasts. Read More

    Dermoscopic patterns of fungal melanonychia: A comparative study with other causes of melanonychia.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 Mar 25;76(3):488-493.e2. Epub 2016 Oct 25.
    Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Institute of Human-Environment Interface Biology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Background: Diagnosing fungal melanonychia (FM) is often difficult because it mimics melanonychia caused by other factors. Dermoscopy is helpful in the setting of nail pigmentation. However, the diagnostic characteristics of FM on dermoscopy are not fully elucidated. Read More

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