3,727,112 results match your criteria Oncology


Impact of Immunoablation and Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (AHSCT) on Treatment Cost of Multiple Sclerosis: Real-World Nationwide Study.

Value Health Reg Issues 2021 Apr 14;25:104-107. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Medical University of Warsaw, Hematology, Oncology, and Internal Diseases, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Objectives: To provide real-world data on the impact of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) on treatment costs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Poland.

Methods: Medical data of 105 patients who underwent AHSCT in the years 2011 to 2016 were obtained from the National Health Fund (NHF) database. Treatment costs were calculated from the public payer's perspective per patient-year for the total available period as well as 12 months before and after AHSCT. Read More

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Phyllodes tumors of the breast: Adjuvant radiation therapy revisited.

Breast 2021 Apr 7;58:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Radiation Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt.

Background: Phyllodes tumors (PT) are rare entity and surgical resection is the cornerstone of treatment. No standard of care exists regarding adjuvant treatment especially radiation therapy (RT).

Patients And Methods: We analyzed all patients with non-metastatic, resected phyllodes tumors who presented to our institution from January 2005 through December 2019. Read More

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Late-onset and long-lasting immune-related adverse events from immune checkpoint-inhibitors: An overlooked aspect in immunotherapy.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Apr 14;149:153-164. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Oncology, Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland; Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionised cancer therapy but frequently cause immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Description of late-onset and duration of irAEs in the literature is often incomplete.

Methods: To investigate reporting and incidence of late-onset and long-lasting irAEs, we reviewed all registration trials leading to ICI's approval by the US FDA and/or EMA up to December 2019. Read More

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Combining immunotherapy with an epidrug in squamous cell carcinomas of different locations: rationale and design of the PEVO basket trial.

ESMO Open 2021 Apr 14;6(3):100106. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Drug Development and Innovation (D3i), Institut Curie, Paris, France; Inserm U900 Research Unit, Saint Cloud, France; Paris-Saclay University, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are among the most frequent solid tumors in humans. SCCs, related or not to the human papillomavirus, share common molecular features. Immunotherapies, and specifically immune checkpoint inhibitors, have been shown to improve overall survival in multiple cancer types, including SCCs. Read More

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Characteristics of clinically node negative breast cancer patients needing preoperative MRI.

Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 31;38:101552. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Oncology, Turku University Hospital, Finland; University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Finnish Nuclear and Radiation Safety, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: International guidelines do not recommend magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for all breast cancer patients at primary diagnostics. This study aimed to understand which patient or tumor characteristics are associated with the use of MRI. The role of MRI among other preoperative imaging methods in clinically node negative breast cancer was studied. Read More

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Formation mechanism of chloropicrin from amines and free amino acids during chlorination: A combined computational and experimental study.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Apr 6;416:125819. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental and Viral Oncology, College of Life Science & Bioengineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China.

Chloropicrin as one of the most frequently detected N-DBPs has drawn great attention due to its high toxicity. However, our understanding of its formation mechanism is still very limited. A combined computational and experimental approach was used in this study to reveal chloropicrin formation mechanism during chlorination. Read More

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Improved outcome prediction of oropharyngeal cancer by combining clinical and MRI features in machine learning models.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Apr 8;139:109701. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Radiology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Radiology, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Objectives: New markers are required to predict chemoradiation response in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) patients. This study evaluated the ability of magnetic resonance (MR) radiomics to predict locoregional control (LRC) and overall survival (OS) after chemoradiation and aimed to determine whether this has added value to traditional clinical outcome predictors.

Methods: 177 OPSCC patients were eligible for this study. Read More

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Bioengineered microfluidic blood-brain barrier models in oncology research.

Transl Oncol 2021 Apr 14;14(7):101087. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Qatar University, 2713 Doha, Qatar; Biomedical Research Center (BRC), Qatar University, PO Box 2713 Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

Metastasis is the major reason for most brain tumors with up to a 50% chance of occurrence in patients with other types of malignancies. Brain metastasis occurs if cancer cells succeed to cross the 'blood-brain barrier' (BBB). Moreover, changes in the structure and function of BBB can lead to the onset and progression of diseases including neurological disorders and brain-metastases. Read More

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Safety of surgical fertility preservation procedures in children prior to Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Pediatric Oncology, Dana Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard University Medical School, Boston, MA.

Background: Long-term survival following hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) in childhood continues to improve and patients are thus increasingly faced with the late effects of treatment. Infertility is very common for both males and females following HSCT and is one of the most distressing sequelae. Adoption and surrogate egg or sperm donation are possibilities for some patients but post-HSCT reversal of gonadal failure is not possible. Read More

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HMGB1 expression in leukocytes as a biomarker of cellular damage induced by [Tc]Tc-HMPAO-labelling procedure: A quality control study.

Nucl Med Biol 2021 Apr 9;96-97:94-100. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Nuclear Medicine Unit, Department of Radiology, Oncology and Human Pathology, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.

Purpose: Autologous White Blood Cells (WBC) scintigraphy is based on a multi-step sequence of cell separation and radiolabelling. Besides in vivo imaging quality control, no molecular tool is available to evaluate WBC damage secondary to cell manipulation. High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) is a protein of the alarmins family, secreted by innate immune cells and released from the nucleus of damaged cells following different types of injury. Read More

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High levels of Tim-3Foxp3Treg cells in the tumor microenvironment is a prognostic indicator of poor survival of diffuse large B cell lymphoma patients.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Apr 14;96:107662. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Geriatrics, Gastroenterology Ward, Guangzhou First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510180, China. Electronic address:

Foxp3Treg cells display phenotypic and functional heterogeneity, which express high levels of T cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (Tim-3) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) of colorectal and lung cancer. High abundance of Tim-3Foxp3Treg (TFT) cells are associated with poor prognosis in these patients. However, the expression patterns and roles of TFT cells in TME of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remain to be established. Read More

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Positive impact of oral hydroxychloroquine and povidone-iodine throat spray for COVID-19 prophylaxis: an open-label randomized trial.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Surgery, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore.

Background: We examined whether existing licensed pharmacotherapies could reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: An open-label parallel randomized controlled trial was performed among healthy migrant workers quarantined in a large multi-storey dormitory in Singapore. Forty clusters (each defined as individual floors of the dormitory) were randomly assigned to receive a 42-day prophylaxis regimen of either oral hydroxychloroquine (400 mg once, followed by 200 mg/day), oral ivermectin (12 mg once), povidone-iodine throat spray (3 times/day, 270 µg/day), oral zinc (80 mg/day)/vitamin C (500 mg/day) combination, or oral vitamin C, 500 mg/day. Read More

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Life-threatening intra-tumoral hemorrhage in an infant with hepatoblastoma successfully treated with hepatic arterial embolization.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Radiology, British Columbia Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address:

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Prevalence and significance of bacterial contamination of autologous stem cell products.

J Hosp Infect 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Inselspital, University Hospital Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

There is limited and conflicting information on the prevalence of the contamination of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell products (HPCPs) and their optimal management remains unclear. We reviewed the microbial surveillance data of HPCPs collected between 01/2002 and 12/2019 for autologous transplantation at our institution to determine the prevalence of microbial contamination and the potential infectious complications among recipients. Among 3935 HPCPs, 25 (0. Read More

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Metabolome and lipidome derangements during a severe mast cell activation event in a patient with indolent systemic mastocytosis.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Background: The number of mast cells in various organs is manifold elevated in individuals with systemic mastocytosis. Degranulation can lead to life-threatening symptomatology. No data have been published about the alterations of the metabolome and lipidome during an attack. Read More

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G protein gamma 7 suppresses progression of lung adenocarcinoma by inhibiting E2F transcription factor 1.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of radiation oncology, QiLu hospital of ShanDong university, Jinan, Shandong 250012, PR China. Electronic address:

G protein gamma 7 (GNG7) has been found to be aberrantly expressed in some kinds of malignant tumors. In this study, we mainly discuss the antitumor role of it in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) cells. Protein levels of GNG7 in LUAD tissues were measured by western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. Read More

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Local and Regional Recurrences of Clinically Localized Renal Cell Carcinoma after Nephrectomy: A 15 Year Institutional Experience with Prognostic Features and Oncologic Outcomes.

Urology 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Urology, The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate outcomes for patients with local recurrence (LR) of clinically localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC) without concurrent systemic metastasis from our institution, an event that occurs rarely (1-3%) after surgery. LR may be a harbinger of poor outcomes, and the best management of these patients is unclear.

Materials/methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients surgically treated for clinically localized RCC (cT1-2N0M0) with subsequent LR (in the partial or radical nephrectomy bed) and/or regional recurrence (RR; in the abdomen distant from the direct site of surgery) without concurrent metastasis from our institutional database (2004-2018). Read More

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Increasing Readiness for Early Integrated Palliative Oncology Care: Development and Initial Evaluation of the EMPOWER 2 Intervention.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Tulane University; University Medical Center New Orleans. Electronic address:

Context: Early integrated palliative care improves quality of life, but palliative care programs are underutilized. Psychoeducational interventions explaining palliative care may increase patients' readiness for palliative care.

Objectives: To (1) collaborate with stakeholders to develop the EMPOWER 2 intervention explaining palliative care, (2) examine acceptability, (3) evaluate feasibility and preliminary efficacy. Read More

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Buprenorphine for chronic pain in a pediatric patient with sickle-cell disease.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

University of Michigan College of Pharmacy; Michigan Medicine, Department of Pharmacy Services. Electronic address:

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In Reply to Song et al, and In Reply to Brown and Carlson.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 May;110(1):253-254

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

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Modeling of Tumor Control Probability in Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Adrenal Tumors.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 May;110(1):217-226

Department of Radiation Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in the management of adrenal metastases is emerging as a well-tolerated, effective method of treatment for patients with limited metastatic disease. SBRT planning and treatment utilization are widely variable, and publications report heterogeneous radiation dose fractionation schemes and treatment outcomes. The objective of this analysis was to review the current literature on SBRT for adrenal metastases and to develop treatment guidelines and a model for tumor control probability of SBRT for adrenal metastases based on these publications. Read More

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High Dose per Fraction, Hypofractionated Treatment Effects in the Clinic (HyTEC): An Overview.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 May;110(1):1-10

Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

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Brain Metastases: An Update on Multi-disciplinary Approach of Clinical Management.

Neurochirurgie 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, UW Carbone Cancer Center, Madison, WI, USA. Electronic address:

Importance: Brain metastasis (BM) is the most common malignant intracranial neoplasm in adults with over 100,000 new cases annually in the United States and outnumbering primary brain tumors 10:1.

Observations:  The incidence of BM in adult cancer patients ranges from 10-40%, and is increasing with improved surveillance, effective systemic therapy, and an aging population. The overall prognosis of cancer patients is largely dependent on the presence or absence of brain metastasis, and therefore, a timely and accurate diagnosis is crucial for improving long-term outcomes, especially in the current era of significantly improved systemic therapy for many common cancers. Read More

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Low COVID-19 mortality in Spanish children.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Paediatrics, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Instituto Investigación Hospital La Paz (IDIPaz), Madrid, Spain.

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Hearing loss in childhood cancer survivors.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2021 May;5(5):e17

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

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Outcome after Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Extranodal Natural Killer/T-Cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type: a French Study from the Société Francophone de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC).

Am J Hematol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Hematology, Inserm U1163, IMAGINE Institute, Paris University, Necker Hospital, Paris, France.

We evaluated the outcome of 65 French patients with Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (19 allogeneic and 46 autologous). Fifty-four patients (83%), most of which receiving L asparaginase (L-aspa) containing regimens (81%), achieved complete or partial response at time of HCST. After a median follow-up of 79. Read More

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Intravenous high-dose methotrexate based systemic therapy in the treatment of isolated primary vitreoretinal lymphoma: an LOC network study.

Am J Hematol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Neurology, APHP, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

The treatment of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) remains controversial regarding the use of local, systemic, or combined treatments. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and toxicity of intravenous high-dose methotrexate (IV HD-MTX) based systemic therapy in a uniformly treated population of PVRL patients. From a nationwide French database, we retrospectively selected 59 patients (median age: 70 years, median Karnofsky Performance Status: 90%) with isolated PVRL at diagnosis who received first-line treatment with HD-MTX between 2011-2018. Read More

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