266 results match your criteria Oncologic Emergencies


Forecasting the Future of Urology Practice: A Comprehensive Review of the Recommendations by International and European Associations on Priority Procedures During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Eur Urol Focus 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Division of Urology, Department of Oncology, School of Medicine, San Luigi Hospital, University of Turin, Orbassano, Turin, Italy. Electronic address:

Context: The unprecedented health care scenario caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has revolutionized urology practice worldwide.

Objective: To review the recommendations by the international and European national urological associations/societies (UASs) on prioritization strategies for both oncological and nononcological procedures released during the current emergency scenario.

Evidence Acquisition: Each UAS official website was searched between April 8 and 18, 2020, to retrieve any document, publication, or position paper on prioritization strategies regarding both diagnostic and therapeutic urological procedures, and any recommendations on the use of telemedicine and minimally invasive surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euf.2020.05.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261455PMC

[Hypopituitarism].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2020 Jun;47(6):885-890

Dept. of Medical Oncology, Toranomon Hospital.

In recent years, the role ofimmune checkpoint inhibitors(ICIs)has become crucial in cancer therapy. However, ICIs are known to trigger a wide variety of autoimmune side effects, termed immune-related adverse events(irAEs), which can influence multiple organs. Hypophysitis induced by ICIs, which is defined as the inflammation of the pituitary gland and is the cause ofhypopituitarism, is one ofthe important toxicities, because it can be life-threatening event when it is not diagnosed or managed properly. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

[Malignant Spinal Cord Compression].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2020 Jun;47(6):875-880

Dept. of Medical Oncology, Toranomon Hospital.

Malignant spinal cord compression(MSCC)is defined as a compression of the spinal cord or cauda equina with neuropathy caused by tumor spreading to the vertebral body. The common symptoms of MSCC are back pain, neck pain, muscle weakness, sensory reduction, bladder and rectal disturbance. The risk of MSCC is relatively high in patients with lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

[Superior Vena Cava Syndrome].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2020 Jun;47(6):870-874

Dept. of Respiratory Medicine, Okazaki City Hospital.

Superior vena cava(SVC)syndrome is a syndrome caused by impaired venous return due to stenosis of the SVC. Most of such cases are due to tumors(non-small cell lungcancer, small cell lungcancer, malignant lymphoma, etc), and the most common cause of SVC syndrome is lungcancer. Symptoms of SVC syndrome are caused by external compression of the SVC, direct invasion, internal thrombus or embolization. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

STAT: Anaphylaxis.

Authors:

Clin J Oncol Nurs 2020 Jun;24(3):336

Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening acute allergic reaction that involves more than one system of the body. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1188/20.CJON.336DOI Listing

Care Models Preventing Readmission.

Authors:
Kiersten LeBar

Semin Oncol Nurs 2020 Jun 19;36(3):151021. Epub 2020 May 19.

Vice President, Advanced Practice Providers Jefferson Health, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Objectives: This article aims to identify the steps necessary to evaluate the clinical need for innovative coverage models within the oncology setting to help prevent hospital readmissions.

Data Sources: Multiple published studies suggest alternative methods for patient care delivery that are safe and cost effective.

Conclusion: Improving care transitions for the oncology patient is necessary to be able to provide low-cost, high-quality, and patient-centered care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151021DOI Listing

Imaging in Oncologic Emergencies.

Semin Roentgenol 2020 Apr 21;55(2):95-114. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ro.2019.11.001DOI Listing

Oncologic Emergencies: Immune-Based Cancer Therapies and Complications.

West J Emerg Med 2020 Apr 13;21(3):566-580. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Dallas, Texas.

Cancer therapies have undergone several recent advancements. Current cancer treatments include immune-based therapies comprised of checkpoint inhibitors, and adoptive immunotherapy; each treatment has the potential for complications that differ from chemotherapy and radiation. This review evaluates immune-based therapies and their complications for emergency clinicians. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2020.1.45898DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7234690PMC

Nosocomial infection with SARS-Cov-2 within Departments of Digestive Surgery.

J Visc Surg 2020 Jun 27;157(3S1):S13-S18. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Hepatic and Pancreatic Surgery, Beaujon Hospital, AP-HP, Paris University, 100, boulevard du Général Leclerc, 92110 Clichy, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic imposed a drastic reduction in surgical activity in order to respond to the influx of hospital patients and to protect uninfected patients by avoiding hospitalization. However, little is known about the risk of infection during hospitalization or its consequences. The aim of this work was to report a series of patients hospitalized on digestive surgery services who developed a nosocomial infection with SARS-Cov-2 virus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviscsurg.2020.04.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183971PMC

Palliative Radiotherapy for Oncologic Emergencies in the setting of COVID-19: Approaches to Balancing Risks and Benefits.

Adv Radiat Oncol 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

PROMISE (Precision Radiation for OligoMetastatIc and MetaStatic DiseasE) Program, Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adro.2020.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194647PMC

[Infections as oncologic emergencies].

Wien Klin Mag 2020 Apr 22:1-8. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Klinik für Innere Medizin, Hämatologie, Onkologie, Stammzelltransplantation und Palliativmedizin, Evangelisches Klinikum Bethel, Schildescher Str. 99, 33611 Bielefeld, Deutschland.

Background: Patients with oncologic diseases, particularly those with hematologic malignancies, are at an increased risk of common infections and unique treatment-related complications with high mortality and morbidity. The annual incidence and prevalence of cancer in Germany is rising. Although modern treatments have generally led to improved survival, increasing age, comorbidities, and frailty of the patients require multidisciplinary strategies for handling complex therapeutic concepts and treatment of the associated complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00740-020-00339-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175641PMC

Indications for abdominal imaging: When and what to choose?

J Ultrason 2020 31;20(80):e43-e54. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department Allgemeine Innere Medizin, Kliniken Hirlsanden Bern Beau Site , Salem und Permanence , Switzerland ; Ultrasound Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University , China.

Imaging has a very important role in evaluating abdominal pathology. A good knowledge of indications is of crucial importance in the management of the patient with abdominal pathology. Ultrasound, which on its own can lead to an accurate diagnosis, plays a pivotal role in the management of abdominal pathology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.15557/JoU.2020.0008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7266076PMC

[Infections as oncologic emergencies].

Onkologe (Berl) 2020 18;26(2):129-138. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Klinik für Innere Medizin, Hämatologie, Onkologie, Stammzelltransplantation und Palliativmedizin, Evangelisches Klinikum Bethel, Schildescher Str. 99, 33611 Bielefeld, Deutschland.

Background: Patients with oncologic diseases, particularly those with hematologic malignancies, are at an increased risk of common infections and unique treatment-related complications with high mortality and morbidity. The annual incidence and prevalence of cancer in Germany is rising. Although modern treatments have generally led to improved survival, increasing age, comorbidities, and frailty of the patients require multidisciplinary strategies for handling complex therapeutic concepts and treatment of the associated complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00761-019-00691-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7102394PMC
December 2019

Oncologic emergencies in the emergency medicine residency curriculum: A national survey.

Am J Emerg Med 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2020.03.013DOI Listing

Correction to: Expert statement on the ICU management of patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Intensive Care Med 2020 Mar;46(3):570-571

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The penultimate row of Table 4 shows INR > 1.5 which is incorrect. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-019-05904-7DOI Listing

Getting Information-STAT.

Authors:
Ellen Carr

Clin J Oncol Nurs 2020 Feb;24(1)

University of California San Diego Moores Cancer Center.

This issue of the Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing (CJON) contains the inaugural installment of STAT, a visually compelling one-page review about oncologic emergencies or other clinical care issues that require urgent nursing attention. The reasons for STAT are simple. The need for nurses to have accessible and timely references to support clinical practice is well established. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1188/20.CJON.7DOI Listing
February 2020

Current challenges in the management of nonsmall cell lung cancer brain metastases.

Eur Respir J 2020 Jan 2;55(1). Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Dept of Intensive Care and Oncologic Emergencies & Thoracic Oncology, Institut Jules Bordet, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01686-2019DOI Listing
January 2020

Creation and Pilot-testing of Virtual Patients for Learning Oncologic Emergency Management.

Cureus 2019 Nov 20;11(11):e6206. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Radiation Oncology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, CAN.

Purpose or objective Management of oncologic emergencies becomes critical at the start of the second year of a radiation oncology residency. Considering the limited exposure to oncology in the medical school curriculum, this knowledge gap needs to be filled prior to managing real patients. The aim of this project was to create virtual patients (VPs) to ease this transition and improve learner readiness for independently managing oncologic emergencies on call. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6925369PMC
November 2019

Imaging of acute abdomen in cancer patients.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Nov 22. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holocombe Blvd, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

The pattern of disease causing acute abdominal pain has changed over last few decades, some of this has been attributed to intraabdominal cancers. The most common acute abdominal complaints in cancer patients are related to the gastrointestinal system. Abdominal emergencies in cancer patients can result from the underlying malignancy itself, cancer therapy and/or result from the standard pathologies causing acute abdomen in otherwise healthy population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-02332-5DOI Listing
November 2019

Acute Leukemia: Diagnosis and Treatment.

Semin Oncol Nurs 2019 12 20;35(6):150950. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, Columbus, OH.

Objective: To provide an overview of acute leukemia, comparing incidence, presenting symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of the major subtypes.

Data Sources: Review of articles dated 2010 to present in PubMed and CINAHL, and National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines.

Conclusion: The diagnosis of acute leukemia is comprised of a variety of hematopoietic neoplasms that are both complex and unique. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soncn.2019.150950DOI Listing
December 2019

Radiation Oncology Emergencies.

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2020 Feb 31;34(1):279-292. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 22 South Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address:

This article reviews the most common oncologic emergencies encountered by the radiation oncologist, including malignant spinal cord compression, intramedullary spinal cord metastasis, superior vena cava syndrome, hemoptysis, and airway compromise caused by tumor. Important trials evaluating different treatments for these emergencies are reviewed. The role of corticosteroids, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy in these patients is discussed and patient-specific treatment guidelines are suggested. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hoc.2019.09.004DOI Listing
February 2020

Oncologic long-term outcomes of emergency versus elective resection for colorectal cancer.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2019 Dec 11;34(12):2091-2099. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Department of Visceral Surgery and Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Purpose: Long-term outcomes in patients undergoing emergency versus elective resection for colorectal cancer (CRC) are discussed controversially. This study aims to assess long-term outcomes of emergency versus elective CRC surgery.

Methods: Single-center retrospective cohort study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-019-03426-8DOI Listing
December 2019

Diagnosis and Treatment of Oncologic Emergencies.

Authors:
Jana Koth

Radiol Technol 2019 Nov;91(2):161-172

The incidence of cancer is increasing; however, mortality rates have decreased in the past 30 years, largely because of increased awareness and early detection methods. The majority of cancer cases are treated as serious conditions, but not all are considered urgent. Some cases, known as oncologic emergencies, are identified as critical. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2019

Oncologic Emergencies: The Fever With Too Few Neutrophils.

J Emerg Med 2019 Nov 18;57(5):689-700. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Department of Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Cancer is associated with a variety of complications, including neutropenic fever, which can result in severe morbidity and mortality. This oncologic emergency requires ED management.

Objective: This narrative review provides focused updates for emergency clinicians regarding neutropenic fever. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.08.009DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Oncologic Emergencies: Too Much Clotting-Venous Thromboembolism in Malignancy.

J Emerg Med 2019 Dec 15;57(6):825-835. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Malignancy predisposes patients to higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is the second leading cause of death in patients with cancer.

Objective: This narrative review evaluates VTE in malignancy and the emergency medicine investigation and management of this patient population.

Discussion: Patients with malignancy are at higher risk of VTE, including deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.08.010DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Expert statement on the ICU management of patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Intensive Care Med 2019 11 7;45(11):1518-1539. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is fatal in 90% of patients if left untreated and must be diagnosed early to optimize patient outcomes. However, the very low incidence of TTP is an obstacle to the development of evidence-based clinical practice recommendations, and the very wide variability in survival rates across centers may be partly ascribable to differences in management strategies due to insufficient guidance. We therefore developed an expert statement to provide trustworthy guidance about the management of critically ill patients with TTP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-019-05736-5DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Oncologic emergencies.

Vnitr Lek 2019 ;65(6):405-415

Oncologic emergencies and life-threatening cancer-related and treatment-related complications are the net effect of gradually increasing incidence of malignant diseases, improvement of therapeutic options and survival of oncologic patients. These complications are relatively specific for such population of patients and they are quite rare within the individuals without malignancy. Selected oncological emergencies are discussed in this review. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2019

Validation of the Emergency Severity Index (Version 4) for the Triage of Adult Emergency Department Patients With Active Cancer.

J Emerg Med 2019 Sep 26;57(3):354-361. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Patients with active cancer account for a growing percentage of all emergency department (ED) visits and have a unique set of risks related to their disease and its treatments. Effective triage for this population is fundamental to facilitating their emergency care.

Objectives: We evaluated the validity of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI; version 4) triage tool to predict ED-relevant outcomes among adult patients with active cancer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.05.023DOI Listing
September 2019
10 Reads

Emergency Surgery for Obstructive Colon Cancer in Elderly Patients: Results of a Multicentric Cohort of the French National Surgical Association.

Dis Colon Rectum 2019 08;62(8):941-951

Department of Digestive Surgery, Sorbonne Université, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Pitié Salpêtrière University Hospital, Paris, France.

Background: Although elderly patients constitute most of the patients undergoing surgery for obstructed colon cancer, available data in the literature are very limited.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the management and outcomes of elderly patients treated for obstructed colon cancer.

Design: This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001421DOI Listing
August 2019
9 Reads

New oncologic emergencies: What is there to know about inmunotherapy and its potential side effects?

Eur J Intern Med 2019 Aug 23;66:1-8. Epub 2019 May 23.

Medical Oncology Department, Ramon y Cajal University Hospital, Ctra. Colmenar Km 9100 s/n, Madrid 28034, Spain.

Over the last decade anticancer treatment has experienced encouraging changes. One of the latest developments is immunotherapy, which is increasingly becoming a mainstay for the treatment of these malignancies. Unlike conventional chemotherapy, immunotherapy enhances anti-tumor immune response by blocking inhibitory immune checkpoints, and allowing our own immune system to fight against the tumor cells, arising as a new and innovative mechanism of action. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2019.05.020DOI Listing
August 2019
7 Reads

Emergency Surgery and Oncologic Resection for Complicated Colon Cancer: What Can We Expect? A Medium Volume Experience in Romania.

Chirurgia (Bucur) 2019 Mar-Apr;114(2):200-206

Complicated colon cancer most frequently presents as obstruction and needs emergency surgery. Most of these patients receive their diagnosis when presenting for complicated disease and by that time the disease is usually advanced. While concerned first with the survival of the patient, the curative intent of the resection following the principles of oncologic resection may come in second place. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21614/chirurgia.114.2.200DOI Listing
July 2019
6 Reads

Abdominal Lymphoma Presenting as Terminal Ileitis: A Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2019 Jul 16;57(1):e13-e16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background: Most pediatric patients with lymphoma do not have classic symptoms of fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Lymphoma can present as vague symptoms and may mimic common pediatric abdominal emergencies. In this case report, we present a child who presented with abdominal pain and who was initially misdiagnosed as having a surgical emergency. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679193013
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.03.004DOI Listing
July 2019
28 Reads

Two cases of lymphangitic carcinomatosis as the primary symptom of colorectal carcinoma that achieved complete remission using combination anti-EGFR antibody therapy.

Onco Targets Ther 2019 20;12:2089-2093. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Medical Oncology, Showa University Koto Toyosu Hospital, Tokyo, Japan,

Clinicians often encounter cases of pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis when treating patients with cancer. When such a condition develops before the diagnosis of cancer, its diagnosis is often challenging. Herein, we report about two patients with colorectal carcinoma diagnosed after the identification of lymphangitic carcinomatosis, which achieved complete remission with combination anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (anti-EGFR) antibody therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S194224DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430998PMC
March 2019
15 Reads

Analysis of Diagnoses, Symptoms, Medications, and Admissions Among Patients With Cancer Presenting to Emergency Departments.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 03 1;2(3):e190979. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Hutchinson Institute for Cancer Outcomes Research, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle.

Importance: Better understanding of the emergency care needs of patients with cancer will inform outpatient and emergency department (ED) management.

Objective: To provide a benchmark description of patients who present to the ED with active cancer.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This multicenter prospective cohort study included 18 EDs affiliated with the Comprehensive Oncologic Emergencies Research Network (CONCERN). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0979DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6583275PMC
March 2019
31 Reads

Diagnosis and Management of Oncologic Emergencies.

West J Emerg Med 2019 Mar 14;20(2):316-322. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Roanoke, Virginia.

Oncologic emergencies may be seen in any emergency department and will become more frequent as our population ages and more patients receive chemotherapy. Life-saving interventions are available for certain oncologic emergencies if the diagnosis is made in a timely fashion. In this article we will cover neutropenic fever, tumor lysis syndrome, hypercalcemia of malignancy, and hyperviscosity syndrome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://escholarship.org/uc/item/3x84z2bq
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2018.12.37335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6404710PMC
March 2019
33 Reads

How to manage pediatric oncologic emergencies: Imaging diagnosis.

Authors:
Motohiro Kato

Pediatr Int 2019 02;61(2):121

Children's Cancer Center, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ped.13790
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13790DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

"-Omas" presenting as "-itis": acute inflammatory presentations of common gastrointestinal neoplasms.

Emerg Radiol 2019 Aug 4;26(4):433-448. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Oncologic emergencies have a high rate of morbidity and mortality. This review covers several scenarios of gastrointestinal malignancies presenting emergently as various acute abdominal pathologies. Radiologists should be familiar with the typical imaging findings, clinical presentations, and laboratory values which may suggest a background neoplasm, particularly when encountered in the context of an acute inflammatory state. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-019-01678-zDOI Listing
August 2019
11 Reads

Pediatric oncologic emergencies: Clinical and imaging review for pediatricians.

Pediatr Int 2019 Feb 7;61(2):122-139. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Pediatrics, St Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Children with cancer are at increased risk of life-threatening emergencies, either from the cancer itself or related to the cancer treatment. These conditions need to be assessed and treated as early as possible to minimize morbidity and mortality. Cardiothoracic emergencies encompass a variety of pathologies, including pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, massive hemoptysis, superior vena cava syndrome, pulmonary embolism, and pneumonia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13755DOI Listing
February 2019
39 Reads

[Role of surgical oncologists in multidisciplinary team treatment of malignant acute abdomen].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;21(11):1206-1211

Department of Oncology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Haerbin 154000, China.Email:

Malignant acute abdomen is an acute abdominal disease caused by abdominal and extra-abdominal malignant tumors or secondary to various treatments for tumors, and belongs to the category of oncologic emergencies. Malignant acute abdomen includes perforation, bowel obstruction, infection and bleeding, etc. Most of the malignant acute abdomen is urgent and critical. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018
5 Reads

Oncologic Emergencies-The Old, the New, and the Deadly.

J Intensive Care Med 2020 Jan 9;35(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Critical Care Medicine Service, Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Cancer continues to be a leading cause of death despite a broader understanding of its biology and the development of novel therapies. Nonetheless, with an increasing survival of this population, intensivists must be aware of the associated emergencies, both old and new. Oncologic emergencies can be seen as an initial presentation of the disease or precipitated by its treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885066618803863DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6886674PMC
January 2020
38 Reads

Prognostic Factors Predicting Poor Outcome in Cancer Patients with Febrile Neutropenia in the Emergency Department: Usefulness of qSOFA.

J Oncol 2018 11;2018:2183179. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Background/aims: Febrile neutropenia is considered as one of the most important and potentially life-threatening oncologic emergencies, which requires prompt medical assessment and treatment with antibiotics. This was a single-center retrospective study that investigated the prognostic factors predicting poor outcome in patients with cancer who presented with febrile neutropenia at the emergency department (ED).

Methods: The medical records of patients diagnosed with febrile neutropenia in the ED from January 2014 to December 2017 were reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jo/2018/2183179/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2183179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201329PMC
October 2018
17 Reads

Oncologic thoracic emergencies of patients with lung cancer.

Rev Clin Esp 2019 Jan - Feb;219(1):44-50. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España.

Patients with lung cancer are the type of cancer patient who are most often admitted to emergency departments due to disease-related complications. An oncologic emergency is defined as any acute event in a patient with cancer that develops directly or indirectly from the tumour and that threatens the patient's life. Oncologic emergencies are divided into metabolic, haematologic and structural emergencies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rce.2018.06.011DOI Listing
September 2018
25 Reads

Oncologic Emergencies: Recognition and Initial Management.

Am Fam Physician 2018 06;97(11):741-748

Novant health Family Medicine Residency, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Most oncologic emergencies can be classified as metabolic, hematologic, structural, or treatment related. Tumor lysis syndrome is a metabolic emergency that presents as severe electrolyte abnormalities. Stabilization is focused on vigorous rehydration, maintaining urine output, and lowering uric acid levels. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2018
20 Reads

2017 WSES guidelines on colon and rectal cancer emergencies: obstruction and perforation.

World J Emerg Surg 2018 13;13:36. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Unit of General and Emergency Surgery, Ospedale Bufalini Cesena, AUSL Romagna, Romagna, Italy.

: Obstruction and perforation due to colorectal cancer represent challenging matters in terms of diagnosis, life-saving strategies, obstruction resolution and oncologic challenge. The aims of the current paper are to update the previous WSES guidelines for the management of large bowel perforation and obstructive left colon carcinoma (OLCC) and to develop new guidelines on obstructive right colon carcinoma (ORCC).

Methods: The literature was extensively queried for focused publication until December 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13017-018-0192-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090779PMC
January 2019
76 Reads

Management of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Toxicities: A Review and Clinical Guideline for Emergency Physicians.

J Emerg Med 2018 10 16;55(4):489-502. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California.

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are a novel class of drugs used in cancer immunotherapy that are becoming more commonly used among advanced-stage cancers. Unfortunately, these therapies are sometimes associated with often subtle, potentially fatal immune-related adverse events (irAEs).

Objectives: We conducted a review of relevant primary research and clinical guidelines in oncology, pharmacology, and other literature, and synthesized this information to address the needs of the emergency physician in the acute management of irAEs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.07.005DOI Listing
October 2018
22 Reads

Hematologic and Oncologic Emergencies.

Authors:
Amal Mattu

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2018 Aug;36(3):xiii-xiv

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2018.05.002DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

The Oncologic Emergency Medicine Fellowship.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2018 Aug 12;36(3):637-643. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe boulevard, Unit 1468, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

The United States cancer population is growing and is projected to grow further. The current cancer population has a high rate of emergency department admission. Further training about oncologic emergencies may be needed and would ideally strive to care for the whole patient, including sequelae of the malignancy, progressive disease, symptom control, adverse effects of treatment, and palliative care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2018.04.013DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Rapid Fire: Central Nervous System Emergencies.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2018 Aug 12;36(3):537-548. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland Medical Center, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Maryland Medical Center, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Neurologic complications are unfortunately common in oncology patients, with many presenting to the emergency department for diagnosis and management. This case-based review provides a brief overview of the key points in pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of 2 oncologic central nervous system emergencies: malignant spinal cord compression and intracranial mass. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2018.04.010DOI Listing
August 2018
29 Reads