6,178 results match your criteria Omphalocele

SUMMER Trial: mesh versus suture repair in small umbilical hernias in adults-a study protocol for a prospective randomized double-blind multicenter clinical trial.

Trials 2021 Jun 22;22(1):411. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery, Södertälje Hospital, Södertälje, Sweden.

Background: Small umbilical hernia repair is one of the most common surgical performances in general surgery. Yet, a gold standard procedure for the repair is still lacking today. There is an increasing evidence that mesh could be advantageous compared to suture repair in lowering recurrence rates. Read More

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Inflammatory myophibroblastic tumor of the proximal ileon in a patient with complicated umbilical hernia: A case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 8;84:106091. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Hospital Civil Dr. Juan I. Menchaca, Mexico.

Introduction: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are neoplasms that occur infrequently, mainly affects children and young adults. It is an intermediate grade fibrotic multinodular neoplasm.

Description Of The Case: We present the case of a 47-year-old female patient, who underwent emergency umbilical hernioplasty, later developed intestinal obstruction secondary to an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. Read More

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Urogenital fascia anatomy study in the inguinal region of 10 formalin-fixed cadavers: new understanding for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.

BMC Surg 2021 Jun 17;21(1):295. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

First Department of General Surgery, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710000, China.

Purpose: To investigate the urogenital fascia (UGF) anatomy in the inguinal region, to provide anatomical guidance for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR).

Methods: The anatomy was performed on 10 formalin-fixed cadavers. The peritoneum and its deeper fascial tissues were carefully dissected. Read More

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Novel G6PC3 Mutations in patients with Congenital Neutropenia: Case reports and Review of the Literature.

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Network of Immunity in Infection, Malignancy and Autoimmunity (NIIMA), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran.

Background: Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN4) caused by mutations in glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit 3 (G6PC3) is characterized by recurrent infections due to severe neutropenia, and it may be accompanied by other extra-hematopoietic manifestations; including structural heart defects, urogenital abnormalities, prominent superficial venous markings, growth retention, and inflammatory bowel diseases with rare incidence. The homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations of G6PC3 are responsible for most cases of autosomal recessive SCN4. Herein, we present two cases of SCN4 affected by novel mutations in the G6PC3, in addition to a summarized list of variants in G6PC3 gene that are reported as pathogenic and related to the SCN4 phenotype. Read More

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Combined Staged Surgery and Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy for Closure of a Giant Omphalocele.

Case Rep Pediatr 2021 25;2021:5234862. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Pediatric Surgery and Orthopedics, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania.

The management of giant omphaloceles had always been a point of interest for the pediatric surgeons. Many surgical techniques were proposed, but none of them succeeded to become the standard procedure in closing the congenital abdominal defect. We present a case of giant omphalocele in which we used staged surgical closure combined with a prosthetic patch, with negative-pressure therapy and, finally, definitive surgical closure. Read More

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[Beckwith-Wiedemann over-growth syndrom].

Ugeskr Laeger 2021 Jun;183(24)

We report a boy with congenital hemihyperplasia, umbilical hernia and temporary neonatal hypoglycemia, who was confirmed to have BWS caused by paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 11p15.5. Additional phenotypic features comprising scoliosis, nephromegaly, focal partial epilepsy and delayed psychomotor development were coherent with the underlying genotype. Read More

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Umbilical cord hernia associated with complete evagination of the patent omphalomesenteric duct and prolapse of adjacent ileal limbs.

Asian J Surg 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

College of Medicine, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research Unit, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

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Caldesmon ablation in mice causes umbilical herniation and alters contractility of fetal urinary bladder smooth muscle.

J Gen Physiol 2021 Jul 11;153(7). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute of Vegetative Physiology, Center of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

The actin-, myosin-, and calmodulin-binding protein caldesmon (CaD) is expressed in two splice isoforms: h-CaD, which is an integral part of the actomyosin domain of smooth muscle cells, and l-CaD, which is widely expressed and is involved in many cellular functions. Despite extensive research for many years, CaD's in vivo function has remained elusive. To explore the role of CaD in smooth muscle contraction in vivo, we generated a mutant allele that ablates both isoforms. Read More

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Surgeon Volume and Risk of Reoperation after Laparoscopic Primary Ventral Hernia Repair: A Nationwide Register-Based Study.

J Am Coll Surg 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Center for Perioperative Optimization, Department of Surgery, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.

Background: Repairs of primary ventral hernias are common procedures but are associated with high recurrence rates. Therefore, it is important to investigate risk factors for recurrence to optimize current treatments. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of annual surgeon volume on the risk of reoperation for recurrence after primary ventral hernia repair. Read More

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Symptomatic Meckel's Diverticulum in pediatrics.

Andes Pediatr 2021 Feb 22;92(1):104-109. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Hospital Clínico san Borja Arriarán, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the remnant of the vitelline duct (VD) also called omphalomesente ric duct and it is considered the most frequent gastrointestinal malformation. Most of the cases are asymptomatic and the diagnosis of this type is always a challenge.

Objective: To describe 3 sympto matic presentations of MD and to discuss its symptoms, signs, and possible diagnostic-therapeutic tools. Read More

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February 2021

Awareness of Common Pediatric Surgical Entities among Practicing Indian Pediatricians.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2021 Mar-Apr;26(2):89-93. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Aim: Common pediatric surgical entities often get a delayed referral to the pediatric surgeon in the average Indian scenario. This study was conducted to assess the awareness about management of select common pediatric surgical entities among practicing pediatricians.

Materials And Methods: An online multiple-choice questionnaire consisting of twenty questions related to the diagnosis and management of common pediatric surgical entities encountered by pediatricians in their routine office practice was prepared, and the electronic link was circulated among the practicing pediatricians of India. Read More

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Umbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for patent processus vaginalis in boys: incision-hiding and solo-like surgery.

BMC Surg 2021 Jun 2;21(1):275. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Pediatrics, the Seventh Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Nan Men Cang 5th, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100700, China.

Background: Transumbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for the treatment of processus vaginalis patency in boys has been practising recent years. The applicable instruments and skills are still evolving. In this study, we used a self-made needle assisted by a disposable dissecting forceps to practise this minimal invasive method for patent processus vaginalis in boys. Read More

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Umbilical hernia, epigastric hernia and diastasis recti: an open discussion.

G Campanelli

Hernia 2021 Jun;25(3):559-560

University of Insubria, Gruppo Ospedaliero San Donato, Milan, Italy.

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Evaluation of Scientific Quality of YouTube Video Content Related to Umbilical Hernia.

Guner Cakmak

Cureus 2021 Apr 25;13(4):e14675. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

General Surgery, Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, TUR.

Objective: Patients with umbilical hernias frequently refer to the YouTube videos to learn and perhaps apply traditional treatment methods. It is very difficult for these users to distinguish these videos as useful or harmful. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the scientific quality of YouTube video content on umbilical hernia. Read More

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Kagami-Ogata Syndrome: Case Series and Review of Literature.

AJP Rep 2021 Mar 27;11(2):e65-e75. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee.

Kagami-Ogata syndrome (KOS) (OMIM #608149) is a genetic imprinting disorder affecting chromosome 14 that results in a characteristic phenotype consisting of typical facial features, skeletal abnormalities including rib abnormalities described as "coat hanger ribs," respiratory distress, abdominal wall defects, polyhydramnios, and developmental delay. First identified by Wang et al in 1991, over 80 cases of KOS have been reported in the literature. KOS, however, continues to remain a rare and potentially underdiagnosed disorder. Read More

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Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells improve chronic pancreatitis in rats via the AKT-mTOR-S6K1 signaling pathway.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1986-1996

Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive inflammatory disease. In clinical treatment, many patients cannot get a timely diagnosis and effective treatment due to the lack of early diagnosis indicators. Mesenchymal stem cells have immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects, and have broad application prospects in treating auto-immune diseases and inflammatory diseases. Read More

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December 2021

Mesh fixation techniques in primary ventral or incisional hernia repair.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 May 28;5:CD011563. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of General, Visceral and Cancer Surgery, HELIOS Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Berlin-Buch, Germany.

Background: The use of a mesh in primary ventral or incisional hernia repair lowers the recurrence rate  and is the accepted standard of care for larger defects. In laparoscopic primary ventral or incisional hernia repair the insertion of a mesh is indispensable. Different mesh fixation techniques have been used and refined over the years. Read More

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Pneumothorax as a rare complication during laparoscopic total extra-peritoneal inguinal hernia repair: A case report and review of the literature.

J Minim Access Surg 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

3rd Department of Surgery, Medical School, Attikon University Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Totally extra-peritoneal (TEP) and trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal repair are the two most commonly performed types of laparoscopic hernia repair procedures. Herein, we present a rare case of pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum that ensued during a TEP inguinal hernia repair. A 73-year-old man presented for elective laparoscopic right-sided hernia repair. Read More

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A Novel Surgical Approach for the Management of Cloacal Exstrophy with a Giant Omphalocele.

European J Pediatr Surg Rep 2021 Jan 18;9(1):e41-e45. Epub 2021 May 18.

Division of Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Children's National Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia, United States.

Cloacal exstrophy is a rare malformation that presents as a lower midline abdominal wall defect which affects the gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems. The components of cloacal exstrophy characteristically include omphalocele, exstrophy of perineal structures, and imperforate anus. Most of these patients also have renal anomalies such as pelvic kidney, fused kidneys, or solitary kidneys. Read More

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January 2021

Single incision laparoscopic repair for late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia using oval-shaped multichannel port device (E•Z ACCESS oval type)-2 months infantile case of Bochdalek hernia.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Introduction: Late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia constitutes 10%-36% of congenital diaphragmatic hernias. They qualify for endoscopic treatment including both thoracoscopic and laparoscopic approaches because this type of patient is in relatively stable condition compared with neonatal cases. However, single incision laparoscopic approach has not been reported. Read More

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Clinical and Cytogenomic Characterization of De Novo 11p14.3-p15.5 Duplication Associated with 18q23 Deletion in an Egyptian Female Infant.

J Pediatr Genet 2021 Jun 21;10(2):131-138. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Human Cytogenetics Department, Human Genetics and Genome Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

Paternal microduplication of 11p14.3-p15.5 causes the clinical manifestations of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS), while microdeletion of 18q23-ter is clinically characterized by short stature, congenital malformations, and developmental delay. Read More

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Local Anesthesia is Associated with Fewer Complications in Umbilical Hernia Repair in Frail Veterans.

J Surg Res 2021 May 11;266:88-95. Epub 2021 May 11.

North Texas VA Healthcare System, Department of Surgery, Dallas, Texas; Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; University of Texas Southwestern, Surgical Center for Outcomes, Implementation, and Novel Interventions (S-COIN), Dallas, Texas.

Background: The optimal anesthesia modality for umbilical hernia repair is unclear. We hypothesized that using local rather than general anesthesia would be associated with improved outcomes, especially for frail patients.

Methods: We utilized the 1998-2018 Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program to identify patients who underwent elective, open umbilical hernia repair under general or local anesthesia. Read More

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Laparo-Endoscopic Repair of Ventral Hernia and Rectus Diastasis.

JSLS 2021 Apr-Jun;25(2)

Military Hospital Cluj-Napoca, Department of Surgery, Romania.

Background: Both umbilical and epigastric hernias may be associated with rectus muscle divarication. In such cases, isolated repair of combined hernia defects can have high recurrence rates and poorer cosmetic outcomes, thus the repair of both pathologies ought to be favored. The goal of the study below is to provide detailed technical aspects of the endoscopic retro-rectus mesh repair. Read More

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Parietal peritoneal lipomas: a first case report of two lipomas of the parietal peritoneum.

Yagan Pillay

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 4;2021(5):rjab162. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of General Surgery, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Parietal peritoneal lipomas are a rare surgical entity with seven case reports in the published literature. Their aetiology remains nebulous and includes theories such as misplaced embryonic tissue, adipose hyperproliferation, trauma and fat herniation or excessive obesity. This is the first case report in the literature with two parietal peritoneal lipomas incarcerated in an umbilical hernia. Read More

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Falciform Ligament Flap as Crural Buttress in Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of General and Foregut Surgery, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milan, San Donato Milanese (Milano), Italy.

Crural repair is an essential technical component in laparoscopic hiatal hernia surgery, but there is no consensus regarding the optimal method to prevent postoperative hernia recurrence. Mesh augmentation, especially with permanent materials, is associated with dysphagia and complications. The rotational falciform ligament flap (FLF) has been reported to be effective in reinforcing standard suture closure of the hiatus. Read More

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Prenatal diagnosis of familial recessive PIGN mutation associated with multiple anomalies: A case report.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May;60(3):530-533

Center of Prenatal Diagnosis, Women and Children's Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: We present a novel homozygous splice site mutation in the PIGN gene identified by whole exome sequencing and explored the genotype-phenotype correlation.

Case Report: A healthy 32-year-old woman underwent an ultrasound at 13 + 5 weeks of gestation. The ultrasound revealed multiple anomalies again including cystic hygroma, omphalocele and a ventricular septal defect. Read More

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Pediatric Cushing syndrome: An early sign of an underling cancer predisposition syndrome.

Am J Med Genet A 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a genetic overgrowth and cancer predisposition syndrome that can be associated with a spectrum of clinical features including isolated lateralized overgrowth, macrosomia, macroglossia, organomegaly, omphalocele/umbilical hernia, and distinct facial features. Because of a range of clinical presentations and molecular defects involving Chromosome 11p15, many cases will fall within what is now being defined as the Beckwith-Wiedemann spectrum (BWSp). Cushing syndrome (CS) in infants is a rare neuroendocrinological disease associated with hypercortisolism that has rarely been reported in patients with BWS. Read More

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New genetic and clinical evidence associated with fetal Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.

Prenat Diagn 2021 Jun 11;41(7):823-827. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Chiang Mai University, Meaung, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Early detection of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is very important since it is very useful regarding counseling of parents concerning the risk of developing embryonic tumors, selection of the mode of delivery due to potential adrenal cysts that might bleed during labor, prevention of neonatal hypoglycemia and even options of pregnancy termination in non-viable fetuses. This report describes the prenatal classic sonographic triad of fetal BWS (omphalocele, macrosomia, macroglossia) and other supporting findings (hepatomegaly, adrenal enlargement) as well as additional postnatal evidence. Also, it demonstrates new molecular genetic evidence potentially associated with the disease (the presence of a novel heterozygous c. Read More

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Intestinal obstruction caused by a clamped persistent omphalomesenteric duct in congenital hernia into the umbilical cord.

Pediatr Int 2021 May 3;63(5):608-609. Epub 2021 May 3.

College of Medicine, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.

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Efficacy of Intact Cord Resuscitation Compared to Immediate Cord Clamping on Cardiorespiratory Adaptation at Birth in Infants with Isolated Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CHIC).

Children (Basel) 2021 Apr 26;8(5). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

ULR2694 Metrics‑Perinatal Environment and Health, University of Lille, 59000 Lille, France.

Resuscitation at birth of infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) remains highly challenging because of severe failure of cardiorespiratory adaptation at birth. Usually, the umbilical cord is clamped immediately after birth. Delaying cord clamping while the resuscitation maneuvers are started may: (1) facilitate blood transfer from placenta to baby to augment circulatory blood volume; (2) avoid loss of venous return and decrease in left ventricle filling caused by immediate cord clamping; (3) prevent initial hypoxemia because of sustained uteroplacental gas exchange after birth when the cord is intact. Read More

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