696 results match your criteria Omega[Journal]


Self-Compassion, Social Constraints, and Psychosocial Outcomes in a Pet Bereavement Sample.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Dec 4:30222818814050. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

2 Psychology Department, Palo Alto University, CA, USA.

This study investigated self-compassion in the context of grief following the death of a companion animal in a recently bereaved sample ( N = 431). We addressed social contexts and individual differences focusing on how psychosocial outcomes vary as a function of social constraints, as well as individual differences in self-compassion and use of continuing bonds (CB). We observed that self-compassion related to the frequency of engagement in CB. Read More

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December 2018

Farewell Letters I: The Dying Process of a Healthy Man.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 29:30222818812959. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Würzburg, Germany.

This qualitative case study describes the dying process from a purely psychological perspective. The letters of Count Moltke, who was sentenced to death and executed during the Nazi regime, to his wife were analyzed content analytically. A work program of four self-imposed tasks emerged, namely first to avert the death sentence, second to prepare for the ideological and intellectual battle with the chairman of the court, third to support his wife in her anticipatory mourning, and fourth to achieve willingness for his dying by strangulation and for losing his life. Read More

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November 2018

Long-Term Reactions to the Loss of a Close Friend in an Extreme Terror Incident.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 28:30222818814052. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

1 Center for Crisis Psychology, Bergen, Norway.

This article presents results from one of the first longitudinal studies exploring the effects of losing a close friend to traumatic death, focusing on complicated grief over time and how this is affected by avoidant behavior and rumination about the loss. The sample consists of 88 persons (76% women and 24% men, mean age = 21) who lost a close friend in the Utøya killings in Norway on July 22, 2011.Quantitative data were collected at three time-points; 18, 28, and 40 months postloss. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross and the "Five Stages" Model in a Sampling of Recent American Textbooks.

Authors:
Charles A Corr

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 15:30222818809766. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

1 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, IL, USA.

This article examines some aspects of the enduring influence of the work of Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross and especially of her "five stages" model through a sampling of recent textbooks published in the United States in selected academic disciplines and professional fields. The following are the questions to be asked: 1. Read More

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November 2018

"Thou Shalt Not Die in This Place": An Ethnomethodological Approach to an Ecuadorian Hospice Through Symbolic Interactionism.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 14:30222818810042. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Universidad Internacional del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador.

Ecuador, located in South America, has a population of 16 million people. According to the National Institution of Statistics in Ecuador, every year 8 out of a 1000 individuals die due to various causes. Palliative care and hospice are relatively new concepts for the Ecuadorian society. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Ways of Grieving Among Ojibwe Elders: "They're All Around Us. They're Always."

Omega (Westport) 2018 Dec 18;78(2):107-119. Epub 2016 Nov 18.

2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Death, grief, and loss are common experiences for many individuals who identify as American Indian/Alaska Native, yet decidedly little is known about the lived experience of grieving in this population. To address this gap in the literature, researchers conducted a qualitative descriptive study exploring ways of grieving among 20 elders residing on a North American Ojibwe reservation. Findings derived via thematic analysis illustrate the variety of ways these elders respond to death: living through it, responding in Western or non-Traditional ways, drawing comfort from spirituality, and grieving as a community. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

How to Deal With Death: An Empirical Path Analysis of a Simplified Model of Death Anxiety.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Oct 29:30222818808145. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Germany.

How anxious are you about dying? According to Tomer and Eliason, this depends on various personal circumstances, which they identified in their model on death anxiety. This study aims to verify various aspects of Tomer and Eliason's theoretical model. We therefore collected data from 652 German participants about demographic variables, religiosity, life satisfaction, death acceptance, and death anxiety. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Making Sense of Family Deaths in Urban Senegal: Diversities, Contexts, and Comparisons.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Oct 25:30222818805351. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

3 University of Liège, Belgium.

Despite calls for cross-cultural research, Minority world perspectives still dominate death and bereavement studies, emphasizing individualized emotions and neglecting contextual diversities. In research concerned with contemporary African societies, on the other hand, death and loss are generally subsumed within concerns about AIDS or poverty, with little attention paid to the emotional and personal significance of a death. Here, we draw on interactionist sociology to present major themes from a qualitative study of family deaths in urban Senegal, theoretically framed through the duality of meanings-in-context. Read More

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October 2018

Trauma-Informed Care and Posttraumatic Growth Among Bereaved Youth: A Pilot Study.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Oct 10:30222818804629. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

1 Department of Social Work and Human Services, Kennesaw State University, GA, USA.

Although a fair amount has been written about posttraumatic stress disorder among bereaved children and adolescents, less has been written about posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its predictors among this population. This study examines predictors of PTG and the impact of trauma-informed care on PTG among bereaved youth. A preexperimental, pretest-posttest design was applied to measure PTG among bereaved children ( N = 32) before and after attending a healing camp that provides trauma-informed care. Read More

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October 2018

How Funerals Accomplish Family: Findings From a Mass-Observation Study.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Oct 6:30222818804646. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

1 University of Bath, UK.

The article analyses how potentially conflicting frames of grief and family operate in a number of English funerals. The data come from the 2010 Mass-Observation directive "Going to Funerals" which asked its panel of correspondents to write about the most recent funeral they had attended. In their writings, grief is displayed through conventional understandings of family. Read More

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October 2018

Event Centrality and Bereavement Symptomatology: The Moderating Role of Meaning Made.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 18;78(1):3-23. Epub 2016 Nov 18.

1 The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

The centrality of a loss to a bereaved individual's identity is associated with greater symptomatology, whereas meaning made of a loss is associated with positive outcomes. This article examines meaning made as a moderator of the relationship between event centrality and symptomatology. Our sample consisted of 204 bereaved undergraduate university students. Read More

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November 2018

A Model of Transcorporeal Communication: Communication Toward/With/to the Deceased.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 7;78(1):43-66. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

1 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, IL, USA.

Research indicates that people maintain a connection with deceased loved ones, which can be healthy for the bereaved individuals. To maintain these bonds, people readily admit to communicating with the deceased. Although communication with the deceased shares similarities with traditional models of interpersonal communication, it is distinctly different. Read More

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November 2018

Voices We Forget-Danish Students Experience of Returning to School Following Parental Bereavement.

Authors:
Martin Lytje

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 21;78(1):24-42. Epub 2016 Nov 21.

1 Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

This study explores how Danish students experience returning to school following parental bereavement. Eighteen focus group interviews with 39 participants aged 9 to 17 years were conducted. All participants had experienced the loss of a primary caregiver. Read More

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November 2018

Hospital Practices for Parents Following Perinatal Loss.

Authors:
Bilge Kalanlar

Omega (Westport) 2018 Oct 3:30222818803809. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

1 Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The aim of this study is to provide comprehensive and current information on hospital practices following perinatal death. The provinces with the highest number of hospitals in Turkey were selected for the study. To collect data, the questionnaire form of Canadian hospitals maternity policies and practices survey was sent to the appropriate respondents in hospitals. Read More

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October 2018

Bearing Witness: Exploring the End-of-Life Needs of Homeless Persons and Barriers to Appropriate Care.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Oct 2:30222818801150. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

3 Baycrest Health Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Traditional models of palliative care are largely inaccessible to homeless persons, and their preferences regarding end-of-life care are poorly understood. The purpose of the present scoping review is to summarize the burgeoning gray and academic literature on end-of-life care for homeless persons. Five medical databases, seven social science databases, and four gray literature databases were searched, resulting in 57 relevant titles. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Restless Feelings: Desiring Direct Contact After Postmortem Organ Donation.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Sep 14:30222818800207. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

3 Dadtco Philafrica, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

This article investigates the emergence of a growing demand in the Netherlands: the wish of organ donor families and organ recipients to establish contact. Such direct contact transgresses both the anonymity and privacy long considered by many to be fundamental to organ donation. Legislation prescribes that privacy should be safeguarded, but the parties involved increasingly manage to find each other. Read More

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September 2018

"As if Nothing Happened": Experiences of Bereaved Parents in Romania.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Sep 13:30222818799949. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

1 School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Prior research has found high levels of distress in parents who experience the death of a child; however, Romanian parents, whose experiences are influenced by the nation's shared historical trauma, have not been studied. This mixed-methods study found very high levels of distress in a sample of 237 bereaved parents in Romania, primarily women. Specifically, 89% of respondents scored above the clinical cutoff for trauma responses, 66% did so for anxious responses, and 82% did so for depressive responses. Read More

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September 2018

The Musical Eulogy and Other Functions of Funeral Music.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Sep 13:30222818799939. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

1 Department of Culture Studies, Tilburg University, the Netherlands.

This article examines the function of music during contemporary funerals in the Netherlands. Using a performance-based approach, this article shows that music adds to the ritual dimension of contemporary funerals, by relating the music to the funeral itself, the deceased person's identity, and to emotions. Zooming in on the music that in contemporary personalized funerals is selected because it is-one way or another-related to the deceased, it will be shown that the lyrical content of this music is less important than social and emotional aspects. Read More

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September 2018

Navigating the Intangible: Working With Nonphysical Suffering on the Front Lines of Palliative Care.

Authors:
Maxxine Rattner

Omega (Westport) 2018 Sep 5:30222818797171. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

1 Faculty of Social Work, Wilfrid Laurier University, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada.

While relieving suffering is palliative care's primary aim, how palliative care providers navigate patients' nonphysical suffering in their day-to-day work and the impact of working with nonphysical suffering on the clinician have been understudied. This exploratory study aims to begin to fill this gap in the literature. Results revealed that palliative care clinicians face several challenges in their efforts to navigate patients' nonphysical suffering in their day-to-day work, including (a) the intangible nature of nonphysical suffering, (b) systemic barriers (e. Read More

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September 2018

Cultural and Religious Diversity in Hospice and Palliative Care: A Qualitative Cross-Country Comparative Analysis of the Challenges of Health-Care Professionals.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Aug 24:30222818795282. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

2 Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark.

Research has abundantly demonstrated a strong relationship between culture, religion, and the experiences of death, dying, and bereavement. Consequently, cultural competence and a religiously sensitive practice have become highly relevant to social policies and professional practice. However, our current knowledge of culturally competent and religiously sensitive end-of-life care is primarily context specific, with little space for generalizability. Read More

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Communication Apprehension About Death, Religious Group Affiliation, and Religiosity: Predictors of Organ and Body Donation Decisions.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Aug 10:30222818793294. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

2 Department of Applied Communication Studies, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, IL, USA.

Communication willingness has previously been identified as an important communication factor in influencing individuals' decisions to become an organ donor. Missing from this conversation is the role of communication apprehension about death and its impact on donation decisions. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between communication apprehension about death, religiosity, religious affiliation, and donation decisions. Read More

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The Poetry of Grief: Beyond Scientific Portrayal.

Authors:
Margaret Stroebe

Omega (Westport) 2018 Nov 8;78(1):67-96. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

1 Department of Clinical Psychology and Experimental Psychopathology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

To comprehend grief, we need knowledge about the range of diverse reactions incorporated within it. While scientists have documented the phenomena and manifestations following the loss of a loved one in quite some detail, poets can add to our understanding by portraying these vividly, bringing the feelings to life. In this article, I map the array of grief reactions identified in scientific investigations. Read More

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November 2018

U.S. Department of Corrections Compassionate Release Policies: A Content Analysis and Call to Action.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Aug 6:30222818791708. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

3 College of Charleston, SC, USA.

Large and increasing numbers of inmates with chronic and terminal illnesses are serving time, and dying, in U.S. prisons. Read More

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College Granddaughters' Memories and Emotions Related to Their Relationships With Their Deceased Grandfathers.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Sep 31;77(4):307-329. Epub 2016 May 31.

2 Graduate student in Sociology, Notre Dame, Southbend, IN, USA.

The main question addressed in this exploratory study was the following: What is the content of college females' journals about their deceased grandfathers? The method involved 35 undergraduate females keeping journals about their feelings toward their deceased maternal or paternal grandfathers for one semester. Their journal entries were open-ended in order to explore an under-utilized qualitative and narrative-based approach to studying granddaughter-grandfather relationships, from the granddaughters' perspectives. The results demonstrated that the maternal grandfathers were the most frequently written about. Read More

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September 2018

Chronic Illness with Complexity: Association With Self-Perceived Burden and Advance Care Planning.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Sep 22;77(4):364-385. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

4 Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

The present study examines how different chronic illnesses and mental illness comorbidity (chronic illness with complexity [CIC]) associate with components of advance care planning (ACP). We also explore the role self-perceived burden plays in the relationship between illness and ACP. Data were gathered from a cross-sectional survey of 305 elderly participants from the New Jersey End-of-Life study. Read More

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September 2018

A Review on Time Perception of Death Row Inmates' Denials in Their Last Statements in the Context of Forensic Linguistics: The Sample of Texas Huntsville Unit.

Authors:
Basak Uysal

Omega (Westport) 2018 Sep 22;77(4):350-363. Epub 2016 Oct 22.

1 Gazi Education Faculty, Department of Turkish Language Teaching, Gazi University, Teknikokullar/Ankara, Turkey.

This study aims to find out the time perception used in the denials in the last statements of 70 death row inmates, who were executed in Texas Huntsville Unit between 1982 and 2016. To accomplish this, the tenses in their last statements were specified, and their distribution was demonstrated on a horizontal timeline. Document analysis, which is one of the qualitative research methods, was utilized as the data collection tool of the study. Read More

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September 2018

The Impact of Unusual End-of-Life Phenomena on Hospice Palliative Care Volunteers and Their Perceived Needs for Training to Respond to Them.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818788238. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Tantramar Hospice Palliative Care Organization, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada.

Thirty-nine hospice palliative care volunteers completed a survey examining (a) their beliefs about end-of-life phenomena (EOLP), (b) the impact of EOLP on their lives, and (c) their perceived needs for training to respond to them. Forty-nine percent of the volunteers either had personally witnessed an EOLP in their volunteer work and/or had a patient or patient's family member report an EOLP to them. More than half of the volunteers strongly agreed or agreed that EOLP have influenced their religious beliefs and their spirituality in a positive way (53% and 59%, respectively). Read More

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January 2018
10 Reads

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and a "Death With Dignity".

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818788254. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Sociology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, NE, USA.

The Oregon "Death With Dignity" Act (DWD Act) allows a terminally ill patient with 6 months to live to ask a physician for medication to end their life. To receive the medication, the DWD Act requires the patient to verbally request the prescription twice 2 weeks apart as well as in writing. Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have three main barriers to using DWD: (a) the ability to communicate their informed consent as the disease progresses further, (b) the possibility of dementia which may affect their decisional capacity, and (c) given the nature and speed of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, limited time is available for patients to self-administer the prescription and may rush the time line for the death. Read More

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January 2018

Intuitive and Instrumental Grief: A Study of the Reliability and Validity of the Grief Pattern Inventory.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818786403. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

5 Loyola University, Chicago, IL, USA.

A convenience sample of 209 participants completed the Grief Pattern Inventory (GPI) together with the Hogan Grief Reaction Checklist (HGRC), the Integration of Stressful Life Events Scale (ISLES), and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Alpha coefficients of the GPI's intuitive and instrumental subscales were improved by eliminating low-performing items and empirically reassigning items from the GPI dissonant subscale. The two modified scales showed a near zero intercorrelation indicating they were independent constructs in this sample, a conclusion further verified by factor analysis. Read More

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January 2018

Health-Support Needs of Widows in South Africa: A Phenomenological Inquiry.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818786416. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Community health care should facilitate effective adaptation to widowhood. In South Africa, the primary health-care nurses, who are the first-line health-care services, seem to miss opportunities for identifying and effectively managing widows experiencing health risks. This study explored the health-support needs of widows. Read More

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January 2018

Dealing With the Concepts of "Grief" and "Grieving" in the Classroom: Children's Perceptions, Emotions, and Behavior.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Aug 11;77(3):240-266. Epub 2016 Jan 11.

2 Open University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

This article presents an action research study that explores how a fifth-grade classroom of 10- to 11-year-old children in Cyprus perceive the concepts of grief and grieving, after an educational intervention provided space for discussing such issues. It also explores the impact that the intervention program had on children's emotions while exploring these concepts and illustrates how it affected their behavior. The findings suggest that the intervention had a constructive impact on children's understandings of grief and grieving along two important dimensions. Read More

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The New Forms of Mourning: Loss and Exhibition of the Death on the Internet.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Aug 10;77(3):280-295. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

1 Cyprus International University, Haspolat/Nicosia, Cyprus.

According to some specialists, ceremonial funeral practices are inclined to disappear, particularly as death is an object of repression in contemporary society. However, it seems that new forms of rituals are developing through modern technologies. Virtual tombs, memorial webpages, and the celebration of death anniversaries are now common currency on the Internet. Read More

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"They Say I Should not Think About It:": A Qualitative Study Exploring the Experience of Infant Loss for Bereaved Mothers in Kumasi, Ghana.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Aug 7;77(3):267-279. Epub 2016 Feb 7.

3 Department of Family Medicine and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, MI, USA.

Despite the high rate of infant mortality in Ghana, few studies have explored the maternal experience of infant loss and the perinatal grieving process. As part of a larger study that interviewed 153 mothers with a sick infant, this 1-year follow-up study reinterviewed eight mothers from the original cohort whose infant died since the study began. Mothers were queried about mental health, coping, and cultural issues related to the loss. Read More

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Grieving Styles of Young Banso Widows.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818785090. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.

Grieving is manifested differently around the world depending on culture, social desirability, and social norms. Little is known about grieving patterns in Africa. As such, a study of the grieving patterns of young widows of the Banso tribe of the Cameroon was conducted. Read More

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January 2018

A Validation Study of the Posthumous Organ Donation Reasoned Action Scale.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818782332. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong.

The posthumous organ donation reasoned action scale (PODRAS) may be the first multidimensional scale measuring individuals' perceptions, which is developed based on the Theory of Reasoned Action and guided by empirical data. This study moves further to validate the scale and examine its psychometric properties. Two hundred and twenty-one university students participated in the study. Read More

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January 2018

Parental Perceptions of Surviving Sibling Grief Responses to an Adolescent's Violent and Sudden Death by the Sewol Ferry Disaster in South Korea.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818777340. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Traumatic Stress Center, Department of Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea.

The aim of this study was to provide empirical descriptions of responses to the death of a sibling to the sinking of the Sewol ferry in South Korea. 16 bereaved parents are interviewed regarding their surviving children's grief responses at approximately 2 years after the death. The surviving siblings described by the bereaved parents are 14 in total, including 8 teens in their 10s and 4 young adults in their 20s. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Effect of the Contents in Advance Directives on Individuals' Decision-Making.

Omega (Westport) 2018 Jan 1:30222818782344. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Nephrology, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Completing an advance directive offers individuals the opportunity to make informed choices about end-of-life care. However, these decisions could be influenced in different ways depending on how the information is presented. We randomly presented 185 participants with four distinct types of advance directive: neutrally framed (as reference), negatively framed, religiously framed, and a combination. Read More

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January 2018
13 Reads