2,769 results match your criteria Oligohydramnios


Maternal and perinatal outcomes of expectant treatment of severe preeclampsia

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):379-386. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia No. 3 “Dr. Víctor Manuel Espinoza de los Reyes Sánchez”, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Ciudad de México, México

Background: In severe preeclampsia (SP), pregnancy interruption is the first recommendation. However, some patients receive expectant treatment.

Objetive: To determine maternal and perinatal results of expectant treatment of SP in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a high-specialty hospital. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Delivery mode and perinatal outcomes after diagnosis of oligohydramnios at term in China.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Nov 28:1-181. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

b Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Brigham and Women's Hospital , Harvard Medical School , Boston , USA.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence of oligohydramnios at term and evaluate whether mode of delivery in patients with oligohydramnios influences perinatal outcomes in China.

Methods: A cross sectional survey of all deliveries in 39 hospitals in China from 1 January to 31 December, 2011 was evaluated for mode of delivery and perinatal outcomes in women with oligohydramnios compared to those without known oligohydramnios after excluding preterm births, polyhydramnios, and oligohydramnios secondary to premature rupture of membranes.

Results: Oligohydramnios complicated 3954 (4. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Fetal stroke and cerebrovascular disease: Advances in understanding from lenticulostriate and venous imaging, alloimmune thrombocytopaenia and monochorionic twins.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Departments of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Radiology, University Hospital Southampton, United Kingdom; Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Southampton, United Kingdom.

Fetal stroke is an important cause of cerebral palsy but is difficult to diagnose unless imaging is undertaken in pregnancies at risk because of known maternal or fetal disorders. Fetal ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging may show haemorrhage or ischaemic lesions including multicystic encephalomalacia and focal porencephaly. Serial imaging has shown the development of malformations including schizencephaly and polymicrogyra after ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Prenatal imaging features suggestive of liver gestational allo immune disease.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Fetal Medicine unit, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon 1, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfant, 59 boulevard Pinel, 69500, Bron, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

We report prenatal imaging features of four cases of neonatal hemochromatosis due to an alloimmune disease. All cases exhibited intra uterine growth restriction (IUGR) without arguments for a vascular etiology, associated with oligohydramnios. Placental hydrops was present in 75% of cases. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Is Amniotic Fluid Level a Predictor for Syndromic Diagnosis in Robin Sequence?

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Nov 19:1055665618811503. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

2 Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether gestational amniotic fluid level abnormalities were associated with postnatal syndromic status in a series of patients with Robin sequence (RS).

Design:: Retrospective study of participants with RS at Boston Children's Hospital from 1967 to 2017. Participants were divided into syndromic and nonsyndromic groups. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Serial Third-Trimester Ultrasonography Compared With Routine Care in Uncomplicated Pregnancies: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec;132(6):1358-1367

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, McGovern Medical School, and the Center for Clinical Research and Evidence-Based Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas.

Objective: Among uncomplicated pregnancies, serial third-trimester ultrasound examinations identified significantly more cases with a composite of fetal growth or amniotic fluid abnormalities (27%) than did routine fundal height measurements (8%).

Methods: Women without complications between 24 0/7 and 30 6/7 weeks of gestation were randomized (NCT0270299) to either routine care (control arm) or ultrasound examination every 4 weeks (intervention arm). The primary outcome was a composite of abnormalities of fluid volume and growth: oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios; fetal growth restriction; or large for gestational age. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Magnetic resonance imaging for evaluation of foetal multicystic dysplastic kidney.

Authors:
Hui Ji Su-Zhen Dong

Eur J Radiol 2018 Nov 24;108:128-132. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Radiology, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200127, China. Electronic address:

We sought to evaluate the diagnostic value of foetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) disease. We retrospectively identified 55 foetuses with MCDK diagnosed (51 unilateral; 4 bilateral) by foetal MRI. We analysed the anatomical findings by prenatal MRI and compared them with the prenatal ultrasound (US) and postnatal findings. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Maternal and perinatal outcomes of induction of labor in oligohydramnios at term - a retrospective cohort study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Nov 4:1-101. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

a Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences , Obstetrics & Gynaecology , Pondicherry , India.

Objective: To evaluate the maternal and perinatal outcomes of labor induction in women at term with oligohydramnios.

Methods: A retrospective cohort of women with a singleton pregnancy, who had oligohydramnios at or beyond term (37-42 weeks) and underwent induction of labor for oligohydramnios were studied. Antenatally diagnosed anomalous and intrauterine fetal demise were excluded. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Predisposing Factors and Outcome of Malpresentations in an Institute.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2018 Mar-Apr;56(211):674-677

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal.

Introduction: This study was done to find out the incidence of malpresentation among all deliveries with various types of Malpresentations, its mode of delivery , maternal and fetal predisposing factors with outcome.

Methods: This was a cross sectional descriptive study done at KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital. Review cases of women admitted in labor after 22 weeks with malpresentation was done. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Effect of Oligohydramnios on Fetal Heart Rate Patterns during Term Labor Induction.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri.

Objective:  To estimate the effect of oligohydramnios on fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns in patients undergoing induction of labor (IOL) at term.

Study Design:  Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study of consecutive term, singleton deliveries from 2010 to 2015. We included all patients who underwent IOL. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Early and Severe Polycystic Kidney Disease and Related Ciliopathies: An Emerging Field of Interest.

Authors:
Carsten Bergmann

Nephron 2018 Oct 25:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Early and severe forms of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) do already manifest during childhood or adolescence. They are characterized by enlarged kidneys and diminished renal function that prenatally may result in Potter's oligohydramnios sequence. Genetically, various defects can mimic this phenotype. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Characterization of Perinatal Risk Factors and Complications Associated with Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Background: Certain intrauterine risk factors are known to increase the risk of premature cranial suture fusion and may cause complications during birth. Some of these risk factors may be modifiable. Therefore, the authors sought to characterize the institutional patterns of prenatal risk factors and perinatal complications in nonsyndromic craniosynostosis patients compared to normal births from the surrounding area to identify areas for possible intervention or prevention. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Management and evaluation of pregnant women with Takayasu arteritis.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Division of Perinatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty, Hacettepe University, Sıhhiye, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, obstetric/neonatal outcomes, and pregnancy complications of pregnant women with Takayasu arteritis (TA).

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 22 pregnancies of 11 patients with TA between January 1 2000, and December 31 2017. Patient characteristics, severity of disease, obstetric outcomes, pregnancy complications, mode of delivery, and neonatal outcomes were evaluated. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

The Relationship between the Fetal Volume-Corrected Renal Artery Pulsatility Index and Amniotic Fluid Volume.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2018 Oct 9:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Center for Fetal Therapy, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Introduction: To evaluate if the volume-corrected renal artery pulsatility index (vcRA-PI) is more closely related to the amniotic fluid level than the uncorrected or the gestational age (GA)-adjusted RA-PI.

Methods: RA-PI and kidney volume were measured in low- and high-risk pregnancies at 17-38 weeks. Fetal anomalies associated with nonrenal causes of abnormal amniotic fluid volume were excluded. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Effects of induction of labor prior to post-term in low-risk pregnancies: a systematic review.

JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Midwifery and Therapeutic Sciences, University College Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: The objective of this review was to identify, assess and synthesize the best available evidence on the effects of induction prior to post-term on the mother and fetus. Maternal and fetal outcomes after routine labor induction in low-risk pregnancies at 41+0 to 41+6 gestational weeks (prior to post-term) were compared to routine labor induction at 42+0 to 42+6 gestational weeks (post-term).

Introduction: Induction of labor when a pregnancy exceeds 14 days past the estimated due date has long been used as an intervention to prevent adverse fetal and maternal outcomes. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Fetal hyperthyroidism associated with maternal thyroid autoantibodies: A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2018 Oct 26;20:e00081. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, "Alexandra" Hospital, Athens, Greece.

A 33-year-old Caucasian woman was referred at 24 + 3 weeks of gestation due to fetal tachycardia and hydrops. She had an uncomplicated pregnancy 16 years previously and was on levothyroxine after total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease 6 years previously, when she developed moderate exophthalmos. Laboratory evaluation revealed appropriate thyroid function for this time of gestation: thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) 1. Read More

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October 2018
11 Reads

Successful Pregnancy Outcome in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer in a 26 Year Old: A Case Report.

J Family Reprod Health 2017 Dec;11(4):225-227

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PGIMS, Rohtak, India.

To report a case of Successful Pregnancy Outcome in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer in a 26 year Old. A 26 years old primigravida presented in antenatal clinic at 23 weeks of pregnancy with recurrence of ovarian cancer of mucinous type. Following refusal of surgical management, two courses of single dose carboplatin was administered. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

Fetal Renal Echogenicity Associated with Maternal Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis: The Effect of Transplacental Transmission of Permeability Factor suPAR.

J Clin Med 2018 Oct 4;7(10). Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Sunnybrook Science Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada.

We report a case of a pregnant woman with nephrotic syndrome due to biopsy-proven focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) whose fetus developed echogenic kidneys and severe oligohydramnios by 27 weeks of gestation. Maternal treatment with prednisone resulted in normalization of the amniotic fluid indices and resolution of fetal renal echogenicity. The newborn was noted to have transient renal dysfunction and proteinuria, resolving by 6 weeks postpartum. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Association analysis between four vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and developmental dysplasia of the hip.

J Genet 2018 Sep;97(4):925-930

Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery Department, King Abdullah Specialized Children Hospital (KASCH), P.O. Box 22490, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia.

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a congenital condition characterized by abnormality in acetabulum size and/or shape. The incidence rate of DDH differs between different populations with risk factors including positive family history, breech presentation, sex, firstborn status, side of the hip, mode of delivery and oligohydramnios. It is recognized that DDH has a genetic component that exhibit autosomal dominant patterns. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read
1.090 Impact Factor

Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome as a rare cause of umbilical abnormality.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Maternal Fetal Medicine, Sunshine Hospital, Western Health, Melbourne, Australia.

We present the case of a 20-year-old primiparous woman with an ultrasound at 30 weeks demonstrating a male fetus with symmetrical intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) (head circumference <1%, abdominal circumference 6%, femur <1%) and oligohydramnios (AFI 8.6cm, <5 centile). This article is protected by copyright. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

A Novel Approach to Serial Amnioinfusion in a Case of Premature Rupture of Membranes Near the Limit of Viability.

AJP Rep 2018 Jul 14;8(3):e180-e183. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Prelabor rupture of the membranes (PROM) near the limit of viability is associated with significant risks for both mother and fetus. Preterm labor, intra-amniotic infection, and placental abruption are the immediate risks to the pregnancy; however, the fetus incurs additional risks related to the sequela of persistent oligohydramnios. Transabdominal intra-amniotic infusions have been studied. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Amnioinfusion for variable decelerations caused by umbilical cord compression without oligohydramnios but with the sandwich sign as an early marker of deterioration.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Sep 22:1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

a Department of Fetal-Maternal Medicine , Nagara Medical Center , Gifu , Japan.

We report prophylactic amnioinfusion (AI) for variable decelerations in umbilical cord compression without oligohydramnios as an early sign of deterioration. We performed a transabdominal AI in cases without oligohydramnios using the ultrasonography findings of umbilical cord compression (i.e. Read More

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September 2018

Early transplantation into a vesicostomy: a safe approach for managing patients with severe obstructive lesions who are not candidates for bladder augmentation.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Aug 8;14(4):332.e1-332.e6. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Urology, Division of Pediatric Urology, UW School of Medicine and Public Health, 3rd Floor MFCB, 1685 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Management of severe antenatally detected oligohydramnios with and without obstruction is improving with the result that more fetuses are surviving with early renal failure. Significant advances have occurred in all specialties involved in the management of these patients. All these specialties working together have resulted in the survival of more patients born with renal failure. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Congenital cystic adenomatous malformation: a case report and a literature review.

Acta Med Litu 2018 ;25(2):95-100

Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.

Background: A congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a foetal pulmonary development abnormality caused by airway dysgenesis that is characterized by cystic or adenomatous lesions in the terminal bronchioles. The size of the mass, the degree of the mediastinal shift, and the presence of hydrops and polyhydramnios can all affect the severity of a case. Treatment can be initiated at early stages by applying prenatal and postnatal methods. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

The efficacy of inhaled nitric oxide treatment in premature infants with acute pulmonary hypertension.

Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 8;127:1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Neonatal Unit, London, UK.

Background: Although inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy in term infants with pulmonary hypertension (PHT) has demonstrated definite benefit, the use of iNO in preterm infants remains inconclusive.

Aims: To evaluate the impact of iNO treatment in premature infants with acute PHT.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Role of Autopsy in Elective Termination of Pregnancy for Fetal Anomaly (ETOPFA): A Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital in India.

Fetal Pediatr Pathol 2018 Sep 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

a Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology , PGIMER Chandigarh , Chandigarh , India.

Objective: To evaluate the fetal anomalies in all the patients who underwent elective termination of pregnancy for fetal anomalies (ETOPFA) before 20 weeks of gestation and to compare prenatal diagnosis with final diagnosis made after autopsy.

Methodology: Prospective study done in a tertiary care hospital in India over a period of two years which include 252 women who underwent ETOPFA. The prenatal diagnosis was compared with final diagnosis made after autopsy. Read More

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September 2018

Early Accreta and Uterine Rupture in the Second Trimester.

Cureus 2018 Jul 1;10(7):e2904. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

MS4/Ross University School of Medicine, California Hospital Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA.

The differential diagnosis of third trimester bleeding can range from placenta abruptia to placenta previa to uterine rupture and the placenta accreta spectrum (PAS). However, patients with risk factors such as multiple cesarean sections (c-sections), advanced maternal age (AMA), grand multiparity, and single-layer uterine closure are at greater risk of developing these complications earlier than we would traditionally expect. This case recounts a 38-year-old gravida 6 preterm 3 term 1 abortus 1 live 4 (G6P3114) at 23 weeks and five days gestational age (GA) with a past medical history of preterm pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, chronic abruptia, three previous c-sections, and low-lying placenta who presented to the emergency department (ED) with vaginal bleeding. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads

Pregnancy outcomes in women with non-transfusion dependent thalassaemia (NTDT): A haematology centre experience.

Malays J Pathol 2018 Aug;40(2):149-152

Ampang Hospital, Department of Haematology, Malaysia.

Introduction: Non-transfusion dependent thalassaemia (NTDT) is a term used for thalassaemia patients who do not require lifelong regular transfusions for survival. Pregnancy in these women, whether spontaneous or through assisted reproductive technology, represents a challenge for the physician.

Materials And Methods: The maternal and foetal outcomes of patients with NTDT followed up in a tertiary haematology centre over 6 months period were studied. Read More

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August 2018
8 Reads

Predictors of a successful external cephalic version: A population-based study of Washington state births.

Women Birth 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Background: Breech presentation affects approximately 3% of women with singleton pregnancies. External cephalic version is a manual procedure that reorients a foetus to cephalic position in preparation for birth, reducing indications for caesarean birth. However, unsuccessful attempts are associated with some adverse health outcomes. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

Diabetes Insipidus Presenting with Oligohydramnios and Polyuria During Pregnancy.

J Nippon Med Sch 2018 ;85(3):191-193

Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School.

We report a case of subclinical central diabetes insipidus (DI), due to Rathke's cleft cysts, that was initially misdiagnosed as transient DI of pregnancy because it presented in the third trimester of pregnancy. A 37-year-old primigravida visited the Department of Obstetrics in the 30th week of gestation due to polyuria. She was admitted due to oligohydramnios; the amniotic fluid index was 3. Read More

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October 2018
13 Reads

Histopathological examination of the placenta in twin pregnancies.

APMIS 2018 Jul;126(7):626-637

Department of Pathology, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

Twin placentas are frequently received in pathology laboratories for evaluation of chorionicity and because twin pregnancies have higher rates of pregnancy complications. In addition to pathologies common in singleton pregnancies, twin pregnancies have increased frequencies of complications such as preterm birth and velamentous cord insertions and also are affected by complications unique to multiple pregnancies that are mediated by vascular connections between the placental territories of certain types of twins. This article aims to provide an approach to examination of the twin placenta for practicing pathologists or those interested in placental pathology while outlining the key characteristics of twin complications as seen in the placenta. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Use of pertuzumab and trastuzumab during pregnancy.

Anticancer Drugs 2018 Sep;29(8):810-813

Department of Medical Oncology, Dr Ersin Arslan Training and Research Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Trastuzumab and pertuzumab are monoclonal antibodies used for the treatment of breast cancer. Until now, there have been no reports on the use of pertuzumab during pregnancy and on its potential effects on the fetus. Herein, we present a breast cancer patient who received trastuzumab and pertuzumab treatment during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. Read More

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September 2018
11 Reads

Prenatal renal parenchymal area as a predictor of early end-stage renal disease in children with vesicoamniotic shunting for lower urinary tract obstruction.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Aug 24;14(4):320.e1-320.e6. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Division of Pediatric Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL, USA.

Background: Vesicoamniotic shunting (VAS) and other bladder drainage techniques for fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) have been proven to ameliorate pulmonary hypoplasia and increase survival in patients with an initial poor prognosis. Currently there are limited prognostic tools available during gestation to evaluate and predict postnatal renal function.

Objective: The aim was to describe the prenatal growth of the renal parenchymal area (RPA) in patients with LUTO and determine its application as a predictor of renal function at one year of life. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads
1.410 Impact Factor

Antenatal interventions based upon fetal surveillance of the daily opioid exposed fetus: A descriptive analysis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Aug 5:1-11. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

a University of Nevada School of Medicine - Las Vegas Campus , Las Vegas , Nevada , United States of America.

Objective: Daily opioid dependence for maternal pain management, methadone maintenance, or buprenorphine/naloxone therapy is an increasing trend in modern obstetrics. Opioids may produce depressive effects on fetal neurobehavioral status and thus on fetal heart rate patterns. Our primary objective was to describe the current methods utilized in antenatal monitoring of the daily opioid exposed fetus; and to describe interventions based upon monitoring which precipitated a recommendation for delivery. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Renal tubular dysgenesis and microcolon, a novel association. Report of three cases.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Jul 31. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada. Electronic address:

Renal tubular dysgenesis (RTD) is a developmental abnormality of the nephron characterized by fetal anuria, oligohydramnios, and severe postnatal hypotension. Genetic forms have an autosomal recessive inheritance and are caused by mutations in genes encoding key components of the renin-angiotensin pathway. We report three patients from two unrelated families with RTD due to pathogenic variants of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene, in whom RTD was associated with microcolon. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read
1.490 Impact Factor

Do the risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip differ according to gender? A look from another perspective.

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Aug 1. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine if there were gender differences in risk factors in 4415 infants who were evaluated through a physical examination and hip ultrasonography (USG).

Methods: Physical examination of the hip and hip USG were performed on 4415 infants by the same paediatric orthopaedics specialist. Barlow and Ortolani tests were performed together with the evaluation for the limitation of abduction. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads

Large Subchorionic Hematoma: Breus' Mole.

J Med Ultrasound 2017 Oct-Dec;25(4):248-250. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.

A case of large subchorionic hematoma complicated by intrauterine growth retardation and oligohydramnios diagnosed at 32 weeks' gestation with twin pregnancy after ICSI is reported below. The patient was on clexane injection during pregnancy for mitral valve replacement. She was managed with tocolysis using progesterone therapy and antibiotic with fol-lowup until delivery. Read More

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November 2017

Exome sequencing identifies novel ACE splice-site variant in a fetus with renal tubular dysgenesis.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Jul 29. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Diagnostics Division, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, India.

We report a 32-week fetus conceived of consanguineous parentage which presented with severe early onset oligohydramnios and history of a similarly affected sibling in previous pregnancy. Ultrasonography and autopsy were inconclusive, prompting exome sequencing on fetal DNA. This resulted in identification of a homozygous novel 3' splice-site variation in intron 17 of the ACE gene (NM_000789. Read More

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July 2018
8 Reads

Altered biomechanical stimulation of the developing hip joint in presence of hip dysplasia risk factors.

J Biomech 2018 Sep 20;78:1-9. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Fetal kicking and movements generate biomechanical stimulation in the fetal skeleton, which is important for prenatal musculoskeletal development, particularly joint shape. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most common joint shape abnormality at birth, with many risk factors for the condition being associated with restricted fetal movement. In this study, we investigate the biomechanics of fetal movements in such situations, namely fetal breech position, oligohydramnios and primiparity (firstborn pregnancy). Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Updating the amniotic fluid index nomograms according to perinatal outcome.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Jul 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

a Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center , Beilinson Hospital , Petach Tikva , Israel.

Background: The two most commonly used nomograms for amniotic fluid index (AFI) were developed by Moore and Cayle and Magann et al. However, there are several inconsistencies between the two methods.

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine whether these differences carry clinical significance. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads

Outcomes of Women Delivering at Very Advanced Maternal Age.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2018 Nov 17;27(11):1378-1384. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso , El Paso, Texas.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the maternal outcome in women with very advanced maternal age (VAMA) at childbirth (>45 years) compared to advanced maternal age (35-39 and 40-44 years).

Methods: Retrospective cohort study using the Texas Public Use Data File, years 2013-2014. Maternal age was a three-level variable: 35-39 (referent), 40-44, and 45-59 years (VAMA). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of the fetal abdomen by magnetic resonance imaging. Part 2: abdominal wall defects and tumors.

Radiol Bras 2018 May-Jun;51(3):187-192

Tenured Adjunct Professor in the Department of Obstetrics of the Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Although ultrasound is still the gold standard for the assessment of fetal malformations, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has gained great prominence in recent years. In situations in which ultrasound has low sensitivity, such as maternal obesity, abdominal scarring, and oligohydramnios, MRI has proven to be a safe and accurate method. Regarding fetal abdominal wall defects, MRI appears to be widely used in the prognostic assessment of gastroschisis with intestinal atresia or of complications of omphalocele, allowing better perinatal management and parental counseling. Read More

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July 2018
11 Reads

Antenatal staging of congenital lower urinary tract obstruction.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Jul 5. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Prenatal Diagnosis, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Aim: to propose a staging system for congenital Lower Urinary Tract Obstructions (LUTO) capable of predicting the severity of the condition and its prognosis.

Methods: This was a national retrospective study carried out at the eight Academic Hospitals in the Netherlands. We collected prenatal and postnatal data of fetuses at high-risk of isolated LUTO and managed conservatively. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Hypercoiled cord can cause a reversible abnormal Doppler in ductus venosus in cases of fetal growth restriction.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Oct 5;44(10):1922-1928. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Fetal Maternal Medicine, National Nagara Medical Center, Gifu City, Gifu, Japan.

Aim: Although an absent or reversed a-wave in ductus venosus (DV-RAV) is reported to be the terminal finding of fetal growth restriction (FGR), we have seen DV-RAV that disappears within a short span of time in some FGR cases with a hypercoiled cord. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between hypercoiled cord and reversible DV-RAV in FGR.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of 499 FGR cases, including 14 with DV-RAV. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Predictive factors for intensive birth resuscitation in a developing-country: a 5-year, single-center study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Sep 10:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital Mahidol University , Bangkok , Thailand.

Objective: To identify risk factors outlined in the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) 2010 guideline and requirement for high-intensity resuscitation.

Study Design: A retrospective cross-sectional study of infants born to high-risk mothers from 2011 to 2015.

Results: Totally 11,446 infants were analyzed; 37% were preterm, 36% were low-birth weight infants or less. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Outcomes in oligohydramnios: the role of etiology in predicting pulmonary morbidity/mortality.

J Perinat Med 2018 Oct;46(8):948-950

University of Michigan Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objective Early-onset oligohydramnios is typically secondary to renal-urinary anomalies (RUA) or preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). We compared neonatal pulmonary outcomes between these etiologies. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women with oligohydramnios identified before 24 completed weeks of gestation attributed to either PPROM or RUA. Read More

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October 2018
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Periodontal condition is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and premature rupture of membranes in low-income pregnant women in Bogota, Colombia: a case-control study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Nov 4:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

d Hospital de Suba , Bogotá , Colombia.

Objectives: To assess the periodontal condition as a factor associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, premature rupture of membranes (PRM), and preeclampsia in low-income pregnant women treated at public hospitals in Bogotá, Colombia.

Methods: Pregnant women with preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW) or both conditions (n = 107/428), or only PTB (n = 73/292) or LBW (n = 74/296) or with PRM (n = 98/392) or preeclampsia (n = 76/304) in a ratio of four controls for each case, coming from three hospitals of the public Northern Network of Bogotá, Colombia were studied. Sociodemographic, perinatal adverse outcome history, antenatal care, chronic infections, periodontal condition, threatened abortion, bleeding in the second half of pregnancy, oligohydramnios, diabetes, gestational diabetes, alcohol consumption, hypertension, smoking, alcohol during pregnancy were determined. Read More

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November 2018
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Placenta in intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD): a comprehensive study from a tertiary care hospital.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Jun 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

a Department of Pathology , St. Johns Medical College , Bangalore , India.

Background: Intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) is an unpredictable and challenging obstetric complication. Its etiology is multifactorial with more than 60% attributed to the placental cause. The present study was done with a primary objective of understanding the placental lesions underlying IUFD. Read More

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Congenital Bilateral Eyelid Eversion and Chemosis: A Case Study.

Neonatal Netw 2018 May;37(3):137-140

This case reports the findings and management of a late preterm female infant born with congenital bilateral eyelid eversion with chemosis. The pathogenic process remains unknown but typically presents at birth, predominantly affecting the upper eyelid of both eyes. Black males, patients with trisomy 21, and collodion infants have a higher incidence of eyelid eversion. Read More

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May 2018
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