1,305 results match your criteria Ogilvie Syndrome

Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis manifested by ventricular fibrillation in a patient with low grade ovarian carcinoma: case report and literature review.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Apr 21;5(4):ytab120. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of cardiology, Heart Centre OLVG, Oosterparkstraat 9, 1091 AC Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is a rare form of endocarditis notably described in patients with advanced malignancy and auto-immune diseases. It is characterized by the formation of sterile, fibrin-containing vegetations on cardiac endothelium, in the absence of positive blood cultures. It is predominantly located on the mitral- and aortic valve (AV). Read More

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The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Colonic Volvulus and Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction.

Dis Colon Rectum 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts Assistant Professor of Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts Associate Professor of Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada Assistant Professor of Surgery, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida Associate Professor of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio Professor of Surgery, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

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Stretched to the Max: The Successful Medical Management of Ogilvie Syndrome in a Pediatric Patient.

Cureus 2021 Apr 15;13(4):e14506. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Pediatrics/Hospital Medicine, The University of Arizona, Banner-Diamond Children's Medical Center, Tucson, USA.

Ogilvie syndrome, or acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, is a rare disease in adults, and it is seldom seen in pediatric patients. It was first described in 1948 by Dr. William Ogilvie. Read More

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Endoscopic Decompression in Colonic Distension.

Sebastian Belle

Visc Med 2021 Mar 11;37(2):142-148. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Internal Medicine II, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Acute colonic distension is a medical emergency with high morbidity and mortality. Clinically important causes of colonic distension are acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, colonic volvulus, and malignant obstruction. Endoscopic decompression is one established therapeutic strategy. Read More

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Intestinal amyloidosis: Clinical manifestations and diagnostic challenge.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 May;30(5):563-570

Department of Hematology, Transplantation and Internal Medicine, University Clinical Center of the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Amyloidosis is a heterogeneous group of diseases in which the extracellular deposition of abnormal fibrillar proteins disrupts tissue structure and function. Intestinal involvement is a very rare manifestation of amyloidosis compared to the most affected organs, the heart and kidneys. Damage of the gastrointestinal tract may be the only manifestation of amyloidosis, or - more often - is a component of the involvement of several organs in systemic amyloidosis. Read More

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The rare Ogilvie's Syndrome in pregnancy. How to manage? A case report and literature review.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 May 2:1-9. Epub 2021 May 2.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Academic Hospital of Udine, Department of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, or Ogilvie's syndrome (OS), is a complication in gynaecology and obstetrics. Its occurrence during pregnancy is rare, redefining the therapeutic decision-making and treatment options. In this review we describe the case of a 37-year-old pregnant patient who developed OS at the 30th week of gestation. Read More

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Aldosterone up-regulates basolateral Na -K -2Cl cotransporter-1 to support enhanced large-conductance K channel-mediated K secretion in rat distal colon.

FASEB J 2021 May;35(5):e21606

Department of Biochemistry, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Na -K -2Cl cotransporter-1 (NKCC1) facilitates basolateral K and Cl uptake, supporting their efflux across mucosal membranes of colonic epithelial cells. NKCC1 activity has also been shown to be critical for electrogenic K secretion induced by aldosterone, which is known to stimulate large-conductance K (BK) channel expression in mucosal membranes. This study was aimed to (1) identify whether aldosterone enhances NKCC1 expression specifically to support BK-mediated K secretion and (2) to determine whether increased NKCC1 supports electrogenic Cl secretion in parallel to K secretion. Read More

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Colonic Pseudo-obstruction as a Rare Complication of Pheochromocytoma.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2021 26;8(3):002421. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Radiology and Organ Imaging, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong.

Colonic pseudo-obstruction is characterized by dilatation of the colon without a structural lesion causing the obstruction. It usually involves the caecum and right side of the colon and is commonly observed in patients with severe illness or after surgery; it is rarely caused by pheochromocytoma. The diagnosis of colonic pseudo-obstruction can be established by abdominal imaging including computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen or use of a water-soluble contrast enema. Read More

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Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction and rapid septic progression after transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair: a case report.

BMC Surg 2021 Apr 12;21(1):191. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Surgery, Kenpoku Medical Center, Takahagi Kyodo Hospital, 1006-9, Agehocho, Kamitezuna, Takahagi, Ibaraki, Japan.

Background: Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition observed in patients with some underlying medical or surgical conditions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient with ACPO development and rapid septic progression after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.

Case Presentation: A 78-year-old man who underwent transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP) for right inguinal hernia presented with difficulty in defecation and abdominal distension. Read More

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Unusual clinical scenarios in Urology and Andrology.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2021 Mar 22;93(1):120-126. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Division of Urology, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti", School of Medicine, Department of Clinical, Special and Dental Sciences, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona.

This collection includes some unusual cases and how they were diagnosed and treated. Case 1: A case of a patient with primary hyperthyroidism presenting with a submucosal ureteral stone after endoscopic lithotripsy was described. After multiple endoscopic treatment, the stone was successfully removed by open ureterolithotomy recovering ureteral patency and normal renal function. Read More

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Asystole Following Concomitant Intravenous Administration of Neostigmine and Dexmedetomidine in a Patient With Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction.

J Pharm Pract 2021 Mar 19:8971900211001278. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Pharmacy Services, University of Kentucky HealthCare, Lexington, KY, USA.

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is a condition characterized by acute dilation of the large bowel without evidence of mechanical obstruction that occurs in a variety of hospitalized patients with many predisposing factors. Management includes supportive care and limitation of offending medications with mainstays of treatment of neostigmine administration and colonic decompression. We report the case of a critically ill patient with ACPO who experienced bradycardia and a brief episode of asystole when receiving concomitant dexmedetomidine and neostigmine infusions but who later remained hemodynamically stable when receiving propofol and neostigmine infusions. Read More

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Isolated intestinal polyarteritis nodosa in an elderly patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 4;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a necrotising systemic vasculitis involving medium-sized and small-sized vessels. PAN limited to a single organ is rare, particularly in the elderly population. Herein, we present a 73-year-old-woman who developed severe abdominal pain. Read More

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Manual vs Automatic Prone Positioning and Patient Outcomes in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Am J Crit Care 2021 03;30(2):104-112

Rebecca Rich is a critical care clinical pharmacy specialist, Lakeland Regional Health, Lakeland, Florida.

Background: Prone positioning is a standard treatment for moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but the outcomes associated with manual versus automatic prone positioning have not been evaluated.

Objective: To retrospectively evaluate outcomes associated with manual versus automatic prone positioning as part of a pronation quality improvement project implemented by a multidisciplinary team.

Methods: A retrospective, descriptive-comparative approach was used to analyze data from 24 months of a prone positioning protocol for ARDS. Read More

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Ogilvie syndrome: peculiar manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in non-institutionalized middle age female in Tanzania.

Pan Afr Med J 2020 2;37:298. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Internal Medicine, Corpus Christi Medical Center, Corpus Christi, United State of America and Internal Medicine, University of North Texas, Dallas, United State of America.

Since it was first documented in 1948 by Sir William Heneage Ogilvie, numerous cases of Ogilvie syndrome have been described in literature due to various medical and surgical causes. Nonetheless, only a handful of cases only have been documented due to underlying Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). A 41-year-old female was admitted with an acute abdomen secondary to partial mechanical intestinal obstruction or paralytic ileus based on signs and symptoms and Abdominal X-Ray (AXR). Read More

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Case Report: Eosinophilic Myenteric Ganglionitis in a Child With Hirschsprung's Disease: A Challenge in Pseudo-Obstruction.

Front Pediatr 2020 4;8:617309. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science "L. Sacco", University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

The presentation of eosinophilic myenteric ganglionitis (EMG) can be similar to that of Hirschsprung's disease (HD). In a limited number of cases of pediatric patients, the diagnosis of both EMG and HD are reported. A case of pseudo-obstruction in EMG occurring in a child with HD diagnosis is discussed with literature review. Read More

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February 2021

Herpes zoster: a rare cause of Ogilvie syndrome.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

General Surgery Department, Wairarapa Hospital, Masterton, New Zealand.

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February 2021

Use of a Heald anal stent to treat colonic pseudo-obstruction ('Ogilvie's syndrome').

John Bunni

ANZ J Surg 2021 01;91(1-2):215-216

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Royal United Hospitals Bath NHS Foundation Trust, Bath, UK.

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January 2021

Rare case of adult intestinal hypoganglionosis and review of the literature.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 27;14(2):599-607. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Colorectal Surgery Unit, Dandenong Hospital, Monash Health, 135 David Street, Dandenong, VIC, Australia.

Intestinal hypoganglionosis is a rare condition in adults. We report a case of intestinal hypoganglionosis in the mid-distal transverse colon to splenic flexure in a 65-year-old female patient presenting with altered bowel habit and abdominal distension, and reviewed the current literature on this topic. Our patient had a medical history of neurofibromatosis type 1. Read More

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Constipation due to a stroke complicated with pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's Syndrome).

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2021 18;55(2):230-232. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Royal Stoke University Hospital, Newcastle Road, Stoke-on-Trent,, ST4 6QG. Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom.

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Left Ventricular Compression and Hypotension Due to Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction.

Fed Pract 2020 Dec;37(12):566-568

and are in the Division of Hospital Medicine at San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center in California. is an Assistant Professor of Radiology at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. is an Assistant Professor in Cardiovascular Medicine at Stanford University in California. Megha Garg and Geoffrey Stetson are Assistant Professors of Medicine at University of California San Francisco.

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is a postsurgical dilatation of the colon that presents with abdominal distension, pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea and may lead to colonic ischemia and bowel perforation. Read More

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December 2020

A case series of 3 patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction after vincristine administration.

Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2020 Oct-Dec;83(4):660-662

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium.

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) or Ogilvie's syndrome is characterized by acute colonic dilatation in the absence of mechanical obstruction. It usually occurs in hospitalized patients with acute illness or following surgical procedures, but several medications such as cytotoxic chemotherapy can also induce ACPO. We report three cases of patients with Ogilvie's syndrome after induction therapy with vincristine-containing chemotherapy. Read More

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December 2020

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction with bowel rupture after caesarean section in HELLP syndrome: a case report.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 Nov 25;20(1):727. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, 17, Lu Jiang Road, Hefei, 230001, Anhui, P. R. China.

Background: Ogilvie syndrome, also known as acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), can occur postpartum after caesarean section (C-section), often resulting in caecal dilatation. The incidence rate is approximately 100 cases in 100,000 patients per year (Ross et al., Am Surg 82:102-11, 2016). Read More

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November 2020

Bowel dysfunction after elective spinal surgery: etiology, diagnostics and management based on the medical literature and experience in a university hospital.

Orthopade 2021 Jun;50(6):425-434

MEOCLINIC GmbH, Friedrichstraße 71, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Bowel dysfunction after spinal surgery is often underestimated and if not treated in a timely manner can lead to undesirable surgical interventions or fatal complications. The current medical literature primarily focuses on bowel dysfunction as a result of spinal injury.

Objective: The purpose of this review is to explore this topic in evaluating current evidence regarding the causes of acute bowel dysfunction after elective spinal surgery, primarily the thoracolumbar spine. Read More

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Ogilvie Syndrome in a Refractory Germ Cell Tumor Treated with Vinblastine, Ifosfamide and Cisplatin Regimen.

Case Rep Oncol 2020 Sep-Dec;13(3):1171-1175. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Medical Oncology, Healthcare Global Enterprises Limited, Bangalore, India.

Ogilvie syndrome or intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a clinical syndrome characterized by autonomic imbalance affecting peristalsis of colon leading to obstructive signs and symptoms. The etiologies commonly implicated are drugs affecting the cholinergic system, narcotics, electrolyte imbalance, severe sepsis, cancer, major surgery, and renal and cardiac failure. Ogilvie syndrome secondary to chemotherapy is a very rare phenomenon with very few reports in the literature. Read More

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September 2020


Gastrointest Endosc 2020 11;92(5):1145-1146

Advent Health Medical Group, Department of Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Advent Health Hospital Altamonte Springs, Altamonte Springs, Florida, USA; Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Beaumont Health-Royal Oak, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, USA; Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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November 2020

Management of sigmoid volvulus: somewhere in between endoscopic detorsion and immediate surgery.

Gastrointest Endosc 2020 11;92(5):1144-1145

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

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November 2020

Adult male with abdominal distention.

J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open 2020 Oct 30;1(5):1112-1113. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Emergency Medicine Georgetown University & MedStar Health Washington, DC USA.

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October 2020

Successful surgical procedure based on careful preoperative imaging for chronic idiopathic colonic pseudo-obstruction: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2020 Oct 28;6(1):275. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-Ku, Hiroshima, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.

Background: Chronic idiopathic colonic pseudo-obstruction (CICP) is a rare disease, defined as a condition of the chronically damaged colon, without obstruction or stenosis, and a pathological abnormality in the myenteric plexus. To date, there is no effective medication for CICP, and existing medication is not useful, making surgery the only effective treatment. Laparoscopic surgery is useful for reducing surgical trauma and postoperative adhesion. Read More

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October 2020

The relationship between gastrointestinal transit, Medsger GI severity, and UCLA GIT 2.0 symptoms in patients with systemic sclerosis.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2020 Oct 16. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Johns Hopkins University, Division of Rheumatology, Baltimore, United States.

Objective: Scleroderma (SSc)-associated gastrointestinal (GI) complications are attributed to a variety of factors including diet, microbiota dysbiosis, or GI transit abnormalities. We examined the contribution of abnormal GI transit to SSc Medsger GI severity scores and/or UCLA GIT 2.0 symptoms. Read More

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October 2020

Chilaiditi's and Ogilvie syndromes.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2020 11;112(11):891-892

Medicine Department, Catholic University and Armed Forces Hospital, Brazi..

We read the interesting case study of interposition of the colon between the liver and the right diaphragm (Chilaiditi's sign) that was recently reported by Ruiz Pardo et al. in a 73-year-old male with epigastric pain, ectopic cholecystitis and segmental hepatic hypoplasia. The condition was managed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy with an uneventful outcome. Read More

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November 2020