4,074 results match your criteria Occupational and Environmental Medicine[Journal]


Chronic conditions as predictors of later life disability employment exit: a gendered analysis.

Authors:
Daniel Holman

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Objectives: Increasing life expectancy has led governments to implement reforms aimed at delaying retirement. Chronic conditions are an important barrier to this given their association with pain, functional limitations, depression and ultimately lower life expectancy. Chronic diseases are gendered in terms of these characteristics, as well as their population prevalence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105493DOI Listing

Correction: .

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Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105213corr1DOI Listing

Assessment of the healthy worker survivor effect in the relationship between psychosocial work-related factors and hypertension.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives: The healthy worker survivor effect (HWSE) usually leads to underestimation of the effects of harmful occupational exposures. HWSE is characterised by the concomitance of three associations: (1) job status-subsequent exposure, (2) job status-disease and (3) previous exposure-job status. No study has reported the coexistence of these associations in the relationship between psychosocial work-related factors and health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105460DOI Listing

Injuries associated with long working hours among employees in the US mining industry: risk factors and adverse outcomes.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objectives: The mining industry is increasingly adopting extended workdays of 10-12 hour shifts. Studies demonstrate that long work hours are associated with psychomotor impairments caused by fatigue and an increased risk of injury. However, studies involving miners remain limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105558DOI Listing

Alterations in immune and renal biomarkers among workers occupationally exposed to low levels of trichloroethylene below current regulatory standards.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Rockville, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: The occupational exposure limit for trichloroethylene (TCE) in different countries varies from 1 to 100 ppm as an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA). Many countries currently use 10 ppm as the regulatory standard for occupational exposures, but the biological effects in humans at this level of exposure remain unclear. The objective of our study was to evaluate alterations in immune and renal biomarkers among workers occupationally exposed to low levels of TCE below current regulatory standards. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105583DOI Listing
April 2019
3.267 Impact Factor

Longitudinal investigation of haematological alterations among permethrin-exposed pesticide applicators in the Biomarkers of Exposure and Effect in Agriculture study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: Permethrin use has been associated with an increased risk of multiple myeloma (MM) among pesticide applicators. However, the biological plausibility and mechanisms underlying this association are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess whether exposure to permethrin is related to haematological alterations among occupationally exposed pesticide applicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105559DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Welding fumes and lung cancer: a meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

Background: An estimated 110 million workers are exposed to welding fumes worldwide. Welding fumes are classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as (group 1), based on of lung cancer from epidemiological studies.

Objective: To conduct a meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies on welding or exposure to welding fumes and risk of lung cancer, accounting for confounding by exposure to asbestos and tobacco smoking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105447DOI Listing

Emerging trends in the UK incidence of occupational asthma: should we be worried?

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

The University of Manchester, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, Manchester, UK.

While 15% of adult-onset asthma is estimated to have an occupational cause, there has been evidence of a downward trend in occupational asthma incidence in several European countries since the start of this millennium. However, recent data from The Health and Occupation Reporting network in the UK have suggested a possible reversal of this downward trend since 2014. We present these data and discuss possible explanations for this observed change in incidence trend. Read More

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http://oem.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/oemed-2018-105414
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105414DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Heart rate variability and peripheral nerve conduction velocity in relation to blood lead in newly hired lead workers.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Objectives: Previous studies relating nervous activity to blood lead (BL) levels have limited relevance, because over time environmental and occupational exposure substantially dropped. We investigated the association of heart rate variability (HRV) and median nerve conduction velocity (NCV) with BL using the baseline measurements collected in the Study for Promotion of Health in Recycling Lead (NCT02243904).

Methods: In 328 newly hired men (mean age 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105379DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Work participation and working life expectancy after a disabling shoulder lesion.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Center of Expertise for Health and Workability, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: To examine the impact of a disabling non-traumatic shoulder lesion on work participation and working life expectancy.

Methods: From a 70% random sample of the Finnish population, we selected 30-59-year-old wage earners with prolonged sickness absence due to a shoulder lesion (n=7644). We followed the persons from 2006 to 2014 and calculated the proportion of time a person spent in different work participation statuses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105647DOI Listing

Response to letter by Farioli .

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 30;76(5):356. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2019-105740DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Let's take the heat out of the CKDu debate: more evidence is needed.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Renal Medicine, University College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105427DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Night work and miscarriage: a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 25;76(5):302-308. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Occupational and Evironmental Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: Observational studies indicate an association between working nights and miscarriage, but inaccurate exposure assessment precludes causal inference. Using payroll data with exact and prospective measurement of night work, the objective was to investigate whether working night shifts during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.

Methods: A cohort of 22 744 pregnant women was identified by linking the Danish Working Hour Database (DWHD), which holds payroll data on all Danish public hospital employees, with Danish national registers on births and admissions to hospitals (miscarriage). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105592DOI Listing

Occupation and motor neuron disease: a New Zealand case-control study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 22;76(5):309-316. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand.

Objectives: To assess associations between occupation and motor neuron disease (MND).

Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study with cases (n=321) recruited through the New Zealand Motor Neurone Disease Association and hospital discharge data. Controls (n=605) were recruited from the Electoral Roll. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105605DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Associations of screen work with neck and upper extremity symptoms: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: It has often been suggested that screen work (ie, work on desktop, laptop, notebook or tablet computers) is a risk factor for neck and upper extremity symptoms. However, an up-to-date overview and quantification of evidence are lacking. We aimed to systematically review the association of exposure to screen work with neck and upper extremity symptoms from prospective studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105553DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Cross-national comparison of two general population job exposure matrices for physical work exposures.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Objectives: Job exposure matrices (JEMs) are increasingly used to estimate physical workplace exposures. We conducted a cross-national comparison of exposure estimates from two general population JEMs to aid the interpretation of exposure-outcome associations across countries and to explore the feasibility of cross-national application of JEMs to provide workplace physical exposure estimates.

Methods: We compared physical exposure estimates from two general population JEMs created from the French study (27 exposure variables) and the American Occupational Information Network database (21 exposure variables). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105408DOI Listing

Cataract risk in US radiologic technologists assisting with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures: a retrospective cohort study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 19;76(5):317-325. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: To assess radiation exposure-related work history and risk of cataract and cataract surgery among radiologic technologists assisting with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures (FGIP).

Methods: This retrospective study included 35 751 radiologic technologists who reported being cataract-free at baseline (1994-1998) and completed a follow-up questionnaire (2013-2014). Frequencies of assisting with 21 types of FGIP and use of radiation protection equipment during five time periods (before 1970, 1970-1979, 1980-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2009) were derived from an additional self-administered questionnaire in 2013-2014. Read More

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http://oem.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/oemed-2018-105360
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105360DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Impact of Saharan dust episodes on preterm births in Guadeloupe (French West Indies).

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 18;76(5):336-340. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Univ Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset (Institut de recherche en santé, environnement et travail) - UMR_S 1085, Rennes, France.

Objectives: Large amounts of mineral dust are transported from their African sources in the Saharan-Sahel region to the Caribbean Sea, generating peak exposures to particulate matter ≤10 µm (PM). This study aimed to investigate the impact of Saharan dust episodes on preterm births in the Guadeloupe archipelago.

Methods: The study population consisted of 909 pregnant women who were enrolled in the TIMOUN mother-child cohort between 2004 and 2007. Read More

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http://oem.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/oemed-2018-105405
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105405DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Transportation noise and cardiovascular health: role of multiple noise sources.

Authors:
Jaana I Halonen

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr;76(4):199-200

Work ability and working careers, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105657DOI Listing

Do psychosocial job stressors influence mental health service use? Evidence from an Australian cohort.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 9;76(5):295-301. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Research School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Objectives: There is strong evidence of a relationship between psychosocial job stressors and mental health at the population level. There has been no longitudinal research on whether the experience of job stressors is also associated with greater mental health service use. We seek to fill this gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105440DOI Listing

Down-regulation of the inflammatory response after short-term exposure to low levels of chemical vapours.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: To investigate the relation between signs and symptoms of irritation and biomarkers of inflammatory markers in blood in healthy volunteers exposed to different chemical vapours for 2 or 4 hours in an exposure chamber.

Methods: The investigated chemicals were: acetic acid (5 and 10 ppm), acrolein (0.05 and 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105537DOI Listing

Evidence to design 'just right' work using active workstations is currently limited.

Authors:
Leon Straker

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 9;76(5):279-280. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105671DOI Listing

Occupational biomechanical risk factors for radial nerve entrapment in a 13-year prospective study among male construction workers.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 8;76(5):326-331. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Objectives: The aim was to assess the association between occupational biomechanical exposure and the occurrence of radial nerve entrapment (RNE) in construction workers over a 13-year follow-up period.

Methods: A cohort of 229 707 male construction workers who participated in a national occupational health surveillance programme (1971-1993) was examined prospectively (2001-2013) for RNE. Height, weight, age, smoking status and job title (construction trade) were obtained on health examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105311DOI Listing

Environmental asbestos exposure in childhood and risk of mesothelioma later in life: a long-term follow-up register-based cohort study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objective: To examine the risk of malignant mesothelioma (MM) in former pupils who attended primary school near an asbestos cement plant.

Methods: A cohort of 12 111 former pupils, born 1940-1970, was established from individual historical records from four primary schools located at a distance of 100-750 m in the prevailing wind direction from an asbestos cement plant operating from 1928 to 1984 in Aalborg, Denmark. The school cohort and a comparison cohort consisting of 108 987 gender and 5-year frequency-matched subjects were followed up (2015) for MM in the Danish Cancer Registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105392DOI Listing
February 2019

Long-term transportation noise exposure and incidence of ischaemic heart disease and stroke: a cohort study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 25;76(4):201-207. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: There is limited evidence from longitudinal studies on transportation noise from different sources and development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke.

Objectives: This cohort study assessed associations between exposure to noise from road traffic, railway or aircraft and incidence of IHD and stroke.

Methods: In a cohort of 20 012 individuals from Stockholm County, we estimated long-term residential exposure to road traffic, railway and aircraft noise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105333DOI Listing

Performance of specific immunoglobulin E tests for diagnosing occupational asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 25;76(4):269-278. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine (EOM), Berlin, Germany.

Objectives: To determine the test performance parameters for the retrievable range of high-molecular-weight (HMW) and low-molecular-weight (LMW) occupational allergens and to evaluate the impact of allergenic components and the implementation of measures for test validation.

Methods: A protocol with predefined objectives and inclusion criteria was the basis of an electronic literature search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (time period 1967-2016). The specific inhalation challenge and serial peak flow measurements were the reference standards for the specific IgE (sIgE) test parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105434DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Pesticide use and incident hyperthyroidism in farmers in the Agricultural Health Study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 25;76(5):332-335. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Few studies have evaluated associations between pesticides and hyperthyroidism.

Objective: We evaluated associations between specific pesticides and incident hyperthyroidism in private pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study.

Methods: We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate HRs and 95% CIs for associations between pesticide use at enrolment and hyperthyroidism (n=271) in 35 150 applicators (mostly men), adjusting for potential confounders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105518DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Lifetime exposure to rubber dusts, fumes and N-nitrosamines and cancer mortality in a cohort of British rubber workers with 49 years follow-up.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 16;76(4):250-258. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: To quantitatively evaluate exposure-response associations between occupational exposures to rubber dust, fumes and N-nitrosamines and cancer mortality in the UK rubber industry.

Methods: Competing risk survival analyses were used to examine cancer mortality risk in a cohort of 36 441 males aged 35+ years employed in the British rubber industry in 1967, followed up to 2015 (94% mortality). Exposure measurements are based on a population-specific quantitative job-exposure matrix for rubber dust, rubber fumes and N-nitrosamines from the EU-EXASRUB project. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105181DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Job-exposure matrix for historical exposures to rubber dust, rubber fumes and n-Nitrosamines in the British rubber industry.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 16;76(4):259-267. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: To develop a quantitative historical job-exposure matrix (JEM) for rubber dust, rubber fumes and n-Nitrosamines in the British rubber industry for 1915-2002 to estimate lifetime cumulative exposure (LCE) for a cohort of workers with 49 years follow-up.

Methods: Data from the EU-EXASRUB database-rubber dust (n=4157), rubber fumes (n=3803) and n-Nitrosamines (n=10 115) collected between 1977 and 2002-were modelled using linear mixed-effects models. Sample year, stationary/personal measurement, industry sector and measurement source were included as fixed explanatory variables and factory as random intercept. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105182DOI Listing

Farming tasks and the development of rheumatoid arthritis in the agricultural health study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 13;76(4):243-249. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Farming has been associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some studies have evaluated the effects of pesticides, but other agricultural exposures may also affect immune response.

Methods: We investigated non-pesticide agricultural exposures in relation to RA in licensed pesticide applicators (n=27 175, mostly male farmers) and their spouses (n=22 231) in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) cohort (1993-1997) who completed at least one follow-up survey through 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105361DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Case-control investigation of occupational lead exposure and kidney cancer.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: Lead is a suspected carcinogen that has been inconsistently associated with kidney cancer. To clarify this relationship, we conducted an analysis of occupational lead exposure within a population-based study of kidney cancer using detailed exposure assessment methods.

Methods: Study participants (1217 cases and 1235 controls), enrolled between 2002 and 2007, provided information on their occupational histories and, for selected lead-related occupations, answered questions regarding workplace tasks, and use of protective equipment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105327DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Population-based study of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and occupational lead exposure in Denmark.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 31;76(4):208-214. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: Previous research has indicated links between lead (Pb) exposure and increased risk of neurodegenerative disorders, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In this study, we evaluated the association between occupational Pb exposures and ALS.

Methods: ALS cases were ascertained through the Danish National Patient Registry from 1982 to 2013 and age and sex-matched to 100 controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433465PMC
April 2019
3 Reads
3.267 Impact Factor

The CONSTANCES job exposure matrix based on self-reported exposure to physical risk factors: development and evaluation.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Objectives: Job exposure matrices (JEMs) can be constructed from expert-rated assessments, direct measurement and self-reports. This paper describes the construction of a general population JEM based on self-reported physical exposures, its ability to create homogeneous exposure groups (HEG) and the use of different exposure metrics to express job-level estimates.

Methods: The JEM was constructed from physical exposure data obtained from the Cohorte des consultants des Centres d'examens de santé (CONSTANCES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105287DOI Listing
January 2019

Occupational exposures and incidence of chronic bronchitis and related symptoms over two decades: the European Community Respiratory Health Survey.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 30;76(4):222-229. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Barcelona Institute of Global Health (ISGlobal), Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: Chronic bronchitis (CB) is an important chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-related phenotype, with distinct clinical features and prognostic implications. Occupational exposures have been previously associated with increased risk of CB but few studies have examined this association prospectively using objective exposure assessment. We examined the effect of occupational exposures on CB incidence in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105274DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Health and productivity at work: which active workstation for which benefits: a systematic review.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 28;76(5):281-294. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

École de kinésiologie et des sciences de l'activité physique, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

In order to reduce sedentary behaviour at work, research has examined the effectiveness of active workstations. However, despite their relevance in replacing conventional desks, the comparison between types of active workstations and their respective benefits remains unclear. The purpose of this review article is thus to compare the benefits between standing, treadmill and cycling workstations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105397DOI Listing

Exposure to noise and ototoxic chemicals in the Australian workforce.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 25;76(5):341-348. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To determine the current prevalence of exposure to workplace noise and ototoxic chemicals, including co-exposures.

Method: A cross-sectional telephone survey of nearly 5000 Australian workers was conducted using the web-based application, OccIDEAS. Participants were asked about workplace tasks they performed and predefined algorithms automatically assessed worker's likelihood of exposure to 10 known ototoxic chemicals as well as estimated their full shift noise exposure level (L) of their most recent working day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105471DOI Listing

Working conditions and absence from work during pregnancy in a cohort of healthcare workers.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 23;76(4):236-242. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Center for Research in Occupational Health, IMIM - Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: To assess the relationship between exposure to occupational risk factors during pregnancy and absence from work using two different social benefits.

Method: Three working pregnancy trajectories (WPT) were identified in a cohort of 428 pregnant workers from a healthcare institution (period 2010-2014), based on absence days and using cluster analysis. WPT1 included absences mainly covered by sickness absence benefit (32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105369DOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

Functional variant of the carboxypeptidase M (CPM) gene may affect silica-related pneumoconiosis susceptibility by its expression: a multistage case-control study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 23;76(3):169-174. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Department of Geriatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Objectives: In a genome-wide association study, we discovered chromosome 12q15 (defined as rs73329476) as a silica-related pneumoconiosis susceptibility region. However, the causal variants in this region have not yet been reported.

Methods: We systematically screened eight potentially functional single-neucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) in the genes near rs73329476 (carboxypeptidase M () and cleavage and polyadenylation specific factor 6 ()) in a case-control study including 177 cases with silicosis and 204 healthy controls, matched to cases with years of silica dust exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105545DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
3.267 Impact Factor

Mortality and cancer incidence among female Australian firefighters.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 23;76(4):215-221. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: To investigate the mortality and cancer incidence of female firefighters, a group where there are limited published findings.

Methods: Participating fire agencies supplied records of individual firefighters including the number and type of incidents attended. The cohort was linked to the Australian National Death Index and Australian Cancer Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105336DOI Listing

Changes in common mental disorders and diagnosis-specific sickness absence: a register-linkage follow-up study among Finnish municipal employees.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Apr 23;76(4):230-235. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: This study examined the associations between changes in common mental disorders (CMD) and subsequent diagnosis-specific sickness absence (SA) among midlife and ageing municipal employees.

Methods: Data from the Helsinki Health Study phase I (2000-2002) and phase II (2007) surveys among employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, were linked with prospective register data from the Social Insurance Institution of Finland on diagnosis-specific (mental, musculoskeletal, other causes) SA (n=3890). Associations between change in CMD (General Health Questionnaire 12) from phase I to phase II and the first SA event in 2007-2014 were analysed using Cox regression modelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105423DOI Listing

Identifying occupationally exposed populations for lung cancer screening: it is about time.

Authors:
Fraser Brims

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 19;76(3):135-136. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105464DOI Listing

ECG conduction disturbances and ryanodine receptor expression levels in occupational lead exposure workers.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 19;76(3):151-156. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Occupational Health and Toxicology, School of Public Health, Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.

Objectives: A significant number of researches have evidenced that occupational lead (Pb) exposure increased risks of cardiovascular disease. However, evidences about the potential effects of Pb on the cardiac conduction system are sparse and inconclusive. Besides, ryanodine receptors (RyRs) induced dysfunction of cardiac excitation contraction coupling which is considered to be one of the mechanisms in cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105463DOI Listing
March 2019
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Bone lead associations with blood lead, kidney function and blood pressure among US, lead-exposed workers in a surveillance programme.

Occup Environ Med 2019 May 19;76(5):349-354. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Objectives: Bone lead and past blood lead levels may be more strongly associated with current health effects than current blood lead, representing recent exposure. We examined whether current bone lead was correlated with maximum past blood lead and compared how three lead measures predicted current blood pressure (BP) and kidney function among workers with past occupational lead exposure.

Methods: Adult men in a lead surveillance programme residing near New York City were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105505DOI Listing
May 2019
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Night work and sick leave during pregnancy: a national register-based within-worker cohort study.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 19;76(3):163-168. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the acute effect of night work during pregnancy on the risk of calling in sick the following day using register-based information and the workers as their own controls.

Methods: Using the payroll-based national Danish Working Hour Database, including all public hospital employees in Denmark, we identified 9799 pregnant women with ≥1 day shift and ≥1 night shift and ≥1 day of sick leave during the first 32 pregnancy weeks from January 2007 to December 2013. We performed fixed effects logistic regression, that is, within-worker comparisons, of the risk of sick leave of any duration starting within 24 hours after night shifts of different length versus day shifts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105331DOI Listing

Pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) may cause occupational asthma.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 11;76(3):175-177. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Introduction: Anhydrides are widely used as cross-linking agents in epoxy resins and alkyd production, for example, as coatings and adhesives in plastic products. Sensitisation to several anhydrides is known to cause occupational asthma. There are indications that the lesser known pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) can cause irritative respiratory symptoms and possibly asthma. Read More

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http://oem.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/oemed-2018-105295
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105295DOI Listing
March 2019
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Work-focused interventions that promote the labour market transition of young adults with chronic disabling health conditions: a systematic review.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 11;76(3):189-198. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: Young adulthood is an important transitional life phase where careers are established. Young adults with chronic disabling health conditions are underrepresented in the labour market. Our study aims to examine the effectiveness of work-focused interventions that support the labour market transition of young adults with chronic disabling health conditions; and to examine whether the effectiveness of work-focused interventions differ across work transition phase (eg, preparation, entry and sustaining work, employment advancement) and disability type. Read More

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http://oem.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/oemed-2018-105454
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105454DOI Listing
March 2019
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Work-unit organisational changes and subsequent prescriptions for psychotropic medication: a longitudinal study among public healthcare employees.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Mar 7;76(3):143-150. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: We examined exposure to different types of organisational changes at work as risk factors for subsequent prescription for psychotropic medication among employees.

Methods: The study population included 15 038 public healthcare employees nested within 1284 work units in the Capital Region of Denmark. Multilevel mixed-effects parametric survival models were developed to examine time to prescription for psychotropic medications (anxiolytics/hypnotics/sedatives/antidepressants) during the 12-month interval following exposure to organisational changes relative to no change from January to December 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105442DOI Listing

A nationwide follow-up study of occupational organic dust exposure and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 31;76(2):105-113. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Public Health, Section of Environment, Occupation and Health, Danish Ramazzini Centre, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objectives: To study exposure-response relations between cumulative organic dust exposure and incident chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among subjects employed in the Danish farming and wood industry.

Methods: We studied exposure-response relations between cumulative organic dust exposure and incident COPD (1997-2013) among individuals born during 1950-1977 in Denmark ever employed in the farming or wood industry (n=1 75 409). Industry-specific employment history (1964-2007), combined with time-dependent farming and wood industry-specific exposure matrices defined cumulative exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105323DOI Listing
February 2019
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Resilience-based intervention for UK military recruits: a randomised controlled trial.

Occup Environ Med 2019 Feb 18;76(2):90-96. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Academic Department of Military Mental Health, King's College London, London, UK.

Objectives: We evaluated a military resilience intervention which aimed to help UK military recruits to manage their personal health and well-being more effectively.

Methods: Trainers within six pre-existing training teams were randomly allocated by team to deliver a resilience-based intervention (SPEAR) or usual training (control) during recruit training. 23 trainers delivered SPEAR; 18 delivered the control training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105503DOI Listing
February 2019