314,877 results match your criteria Occupational and Environmental Medicine[Journal]


Urinary levels of bisphenol A, F and S and markers of oxidative stress among healthy adult men: Variability and association analysis.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 12;123:301-309. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, State Key Laboratory of Environmental health (incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China; Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) are increasingly used as alternatives to endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA). Evidence from in vitro and animal studies demonstrates that BPA, BPF and BPS induce oxidative stress, a proposed mechanism that is relevant to various adverse health effects. Evaluation in humans is hampered by the potentially high within-subject variability of urinary measurements. Read More

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December 2018

One-carbon metabolism nutrient intake and the association between body mass index and urinary arsenic metabolites in adults in the Chihuahua cohort.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 12;123:292-300. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Environmental Science and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Curriculum in Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) via drinking water is a serious global health threat. Various factors influence susceptibility to iAs-associated health outcomes, including differences in iAs metabolism. Previous studies have shown that obesity is associated with iAs metabolism. Read More

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December 2018
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Increased postural stiffness during challenging postural tasks in patients with knee osteoarthritis with high pain sensitization.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2018 Dec 8;61:129-135. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Center for Neuroplasticity and Pain (CNAP), SMI, Aalborg University, Denmark.

Background: Postural stability is affected in knee osteoarthritis patients who present with pain but the link to pain sensitization is unclear.

Methods: Patients with knee osteoarthritis completed the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and pressure pain thresholds were assessed bilaterally at the knee, lower leg and forearm prior to standing quietly (1 min) on a force platform in four conditions: Firm surface with open eyes, firm surface with closed eyes, soft surface with open eyes, and soft surface with closed eyes. Pain intensity during standing was assessed via numerical rating scale. Read More

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December 2018

Fruit for thought: anaphylaxis to fruit pectin in foods.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Allergy & Immunology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; Perelman School of Medicine at The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Clinical Implications: Pectin is a structural heteropolysaccharide previously associated with occupational asthma and only rare accounts of allergy. Few case reports, however, suggest that pectin may contribute to atypical or idiopathic food reactions, particularly in patients with IgE-mediated allergy to tree nuts. Read More

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December 2018

Altered α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor function and expression in hippocampus in a rat model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The Brain and Muscle Energy Group, Electron Microscopy Laboratory, Department of Oral Biology, University of Oslo, NO-0316, Oslo, Norway; Synaptic Neurochemistry and Amino Acid Transporters Labs, Division of Anatomy, Department of Molecular Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IMB) and Healthy Brain Ageing Centre (SERTA), University of Oslo, NO-0317, Oslo, Norway; Center for Healthy Aging, Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.

Glutamatergic α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs) carry the bulk of excitatory synaptic transmission. Their modulation plays key roles in synaptic plasticity, which underlies hippocampal learning and memory. A dysfunctional glutamatergic system may negatively affect learning abilities and underlie symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Read More

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December 2018

Morus alba L. Diminishes visceral adiposity, insulin resistance, behavioral alterations via regulation of gene expression of leptin, resistin and adiponectin in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet.

Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Ethanolic extract of leaves of Morus alba L. (M. alba), known as white mulberry, was orally administered (100 mg/kg b. Read More

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December 2018

Patients' experiences and perspectives of challenges and needs related to non-myeloablative stem cell transplantation: involving patients in developing a targeted rehabilitation programme.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Public Health, Section for Clinical Social Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Aims And Objectives: To explore patients' experiences and perspectives of their challenges and needs regarding their return to everyday life after allogeneic non-myeloablative haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (NMA-HSCT).

Background: NMA-HSCT can cure patients with malignant blood diseases, but during the following years the majority of patients suffer from serious side effects and complications. Hence, it is a major challenge for patients treated with NMA-HSCT to rehabilitate, maintain physical and psychosocial functioning and return to a life in restored balance. Read More

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December 2018
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Body Mass Index and the Risk of Acute Pancreatitis by Etiology: A Prospective Analysis of Korean National Screening Cohort.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, International St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University, Republic of Korea.

Background: It is unclear whether obesity increases the incidence of acute pancreatitis (AP) in the general population. Further, no study has prospectively examined the associations of the risk of AP by etiology with measured body mass index (BMI) values.

Methods: 512,928 Korean participants in routine health examinations during 2002-2003 were followed up until 2013 via linkage to national hospital discharge records to assess AP incidence. Read More

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December 2018

Comparable investigation of polyaniline behavior towards gaseous ammonia and toluene adsorption.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Chemical and Petrochemicals Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, New Borg El-Arab Alexandria, Egypt.

With raising awareness of gaseous air pollutants and their harmful impact, adsorption is considered one of the most prominent techniques for gaseous emissions control. The usage of polyaniline as a gas adsorbent is an innovative idea. This work aims to compare the efficacy of synthesized polyaniline nanotubes (PANT) as a novel adsorbent towards inorganic gases (ammonia NH) and volatile organic compounds (toluene vapor). Read More

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December 2018

Concentration, sources and human health risk of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons bound PM ambient air, Tehran, Iran.

Environ Geochem Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Student Research Committee, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The exposure to heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) bound to particulate matter 2.5 (PM) ambient air can result in some adverse health effect. In the current study, PM ambient air of Tehran metropolitan, Iran, was characterized by the aid of scanning electron microscope and energy-dispersive X-ray techniques. Read More

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December 2018

Galvanic displacement-induced codeposition of reduced-graphene-oxide/silver on alloy fibers for non-destructive SPME@SERS analysis of antibiotics.

Mikrochim Acta 2018 Dec 14;186(1):19. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Key Laboratory of Colloid and Interface Chemistry, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250100, People's Republic of China.

This work describes the integration of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) by codeposition of a hybrid consisting of reduced graphene oxide and silver on silver-copper alloy fibers. The morphology and structure of the coating were characterized by a variety of microscopic and spectroscopic techniques that confirmed the hybrid structure of the material. A galvanic-displacement-induced process is assumed to be involved during the codeposition of the hybrid coating on the alloy. Read More

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December 2018

Validation of the short version of the Van Lieshout Test in an Italian population with cervical spinal cord injuries: a cross-sectional study.

Spinal Cord 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Public Health and Infection Disease, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Study Design: Psychometric study.

Objective: To validate the Italian version of the Van Lieshout Test Short Version (VLT-SV) with a spinal cord injury population.

Setting: Three Italian spinal units. Read More

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December 2018

How is the audit of therapy intensity influencing rehabilitation in inpatient stroke units in the UK? An ethnographic study.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023676. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

Objectives: Occupational therapy, physiotherapy and speech and language therapy are central to rehabilitation after a stroke. The UK has introduced an audited performance target: that 45 min of each therapy should be provided to patients deemed appropriate. We sought to understand how this has influenced delivery of stroke unit therapy. Read More

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December 2018

Off-hours use of a smartphone intervention to extend support for individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders recently discharged from a psychiatric hospital.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, 500 Hofstra Blvd, Hempstead, NY 11549, USA; Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, 350 Community Dr, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA.; Department of Psychiatry, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, 500 Hofstra Blvd, Hempstead, NY 11549, USA.. Electronic address:

Introduction: Technology-delivered healthcare interventions may enhance dissemination of evidence-based treatments in low-resource areas. These interventions may be accessed 'on-demand,' including after hours. Patients with schizophrenia do engage with technological aids but when/how they would utilize these tools is not known. Read More

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December 2018

[Occupational cancers: Risks and prevention].

Bull Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Université Bordeaux, Inserm UMR 1219, équipe ÉPICENE, ISPED case 11, 146, rue Léo-Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux cedex, France; CHU de Bordeaux, service de médecine du travail et pathologie professionnelle, place Amélie-Raba-Léon, 33076 Bordeaux cedex, France.

Since 2008, cancer became the first cause of death in France, exceeding cardiovascular diseases. The part of occupational cancers is close to 5% of all cancers but may still be widely underestimated. The detection of occupational cancer risk factors remains complicated. Read More

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December 2018
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Inventory of oncologists' unmet needs for tools to support decision-making about palliative treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2018 Dec 14;18(1):132. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam UMC, location VUMC, F-wing Medical Faculty building, PO Box 7057 1007, MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Decision-making about palliative care for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) consists of many different treatment-related decisions, and there generally is no best treatment option. Decision support systems (DSS), e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Current and ceased users of sit stand workstations: a qualitative evaluation of ergonomics, safety and health factors within a workplace setting.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 14;18(1):1374. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Centre for Ergonomics and Human Factors, School of Psychology and Public Health, College of Science, Health and Engineering, Latrobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Many workplaces have implemented sit-stand workstations (SSW), which enable a worker to transition between sitting and standing as they perform their work activities. The factors which determine the initial adoption, sustainability or cessation of use for a SSW, remain largely unexamined. This study investigates the experiences of workers who had previously used or were currently using a SSW. Read More

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December 2018

Occupational Diseases among Workers in Lower and Higher Socioeconomic Positions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 13;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Amsterdam UMC, Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Netherlands Center for Occupational Diseases, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, PO Box 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

To determine differences between workers in lower and higher socioeconomic positions (SEP) in incidences of occupational disease (OD) and incapacity for work due to ODs. From a Dutch dynamic prospective cohort of occupational physicians (OPs), ODs assessed by OPs were retrieved for lower and higher SEP groups. Among the lower SEP, musculoskeletal disorders, and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) comprised two-thirds of the OD diagnoses. Read More

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December 2018

Taurine rescues the arsenic-induced injury in the pancreas of rat offsprings and in the INS-1 cells.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 5;109:815-822. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Dalian Medical University, 9 W Lvshun South Road, Dalian 116044, PR China. Electronic address:

Arsenic was an established carcinogen and toxicant, occurring in drinking water and food. Arsenic was increasingly being blamed as a risk factor for diabetes mellitus. Recent studies have found that arsenic could induce the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondria were the major targets of ROS. Read More

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January 2019
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Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): Suggestions for a nutritional treatment in the therapeutic approach.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 5;109:1000-1007. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Research Department, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Brumunddal, Norway; Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is known as a multi-systemic and complex illness, which induces fatigue and long-term disability in educational, occupational, social, or personal activities. The diagnosis of this disease is difficult, due to lacking a proper and suited diagnostic laboratory test, besides to its multifaceted symptoms. Numerous factors, including environmental and immunological issues, and a large spectrum of CFS symptoms, have recently been reported. Read More

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January 2019

Burnout is more strongly linked to neuroticism than to work-contextualized factors.

Authors:
Renzo Bianchi

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 8;270:901-905. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institute of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, NE, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Burnout has been regarded as a negative affective state resulting from unresolvable job stress. A widespread idea among burnout researchers is that burnout is primarily linked to work-contextualized factors, and only limitedly dependent on general dispositional factors. The validity of this view, however, remains unclear. Read More

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December 2018

Prospective associations of physical fitness and cognitive performance among inpatients with Schizophrenia.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 22;270:738-743. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Physiotherapy Department, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AZ, United Kingdom; Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London Box SE5 8AF, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

There is a paucity of longitudinal research investigating fitness and cognitive performance in people with schizophrenia. This study examined the prospective associations of physical fitness and cognitive performance among inpatients with schizophrenia. A prospective cohort study over two years was undertaken in 190 inpatients with schizophrenia. Read More

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December 2018

Pilot Studies of VOC Exposure Profiles during Surgical Operations.

Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Volatile organic chemical exposure resulting from surgical operations is common in operating room personnel. The potential risk of long-term exposure to these low-level chemicals is always a concern. This study was conducted in an area hospital located in northern Taiwan to investigate the internal exposure scenario for operating room personnel. Read More

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December 2018

Expostats: A Bayesian Toolkit to Aid the Interpretation of Occupational Exposure Measurements.

Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Interpretation of exposure measurements has evolved into a framework based on the lognormal distribution. Most available practical tools are based on traditional frequentist statistical procedures that do not satisfactorily account for censored data and are not amenable to simple probabilistic risk statements. Bayesian methods offer promising solutions to these challenges. Read More

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December 2018
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Workplace Exposure to Nanoparticles during Thermal Spraying of Ceramic Coatings.

Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain.

Thermal spraying is widely used for industrial-scale application of ceramic coatings onto metallic surfaces. The particular process has implications for occupational health, as the high energy process generates high emissions of metal-bearing nanoparticles. Emissions and their impact on exposure were characterized during thermal spraying in a work environment, by monitoring size-resolved number and mass concentrations, lung-deposited surface area, particle morphology, and chemical composition. Read More

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December 2018
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Field evaluation of sequential hand wipes for flame retardant exposure in an electronics recycling facility.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 5;219:472-481. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

College of William & Mary, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Department Aquatic Health Sciences, Gloucester Point, VA, USA.

Flame retardants have been associated with endocrine disorders, thyroid disruption, reproductive toxicity, and immunological interference. Through dismantling and recycling electronics and electric products, flame retardants can be released into the air and settle on work surfaces which may lead to dermal exposure. Hand wipe sampling is commonly used to evaluate dermal exposure. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate on inflammation and lipid metabolic disorder in rats.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 11;170:391-398. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Jilin University, 1163 Xin Min Street, Changchun 130021, China.

Background: Plasticizer di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) can induce lipid metabolic disorder. There was a chronic low level inflammatory response in adipose tissue of patients with lipid metabolic disorder. But the effect of inflammation on lipid metabolic disorder induced by DEHP is unclear. Read More

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December 2018

Perceptions of climate change and occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies of mining workers in Ghana.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 5;657:365-378. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Ghana. Electronic address:

Heavy physical workload for long hours coupled with increasing workplace heat exposure due to rising temperatures stemming from climate change, especially where there are inadequate prevention and control policies, adversely affect workers' health and safety, productive capacity and social well-being. However, variations in workers' concerns and awareness of occupational heat stress and climate change risks impede the effectiveness of heat stress management. A mixed method approach was used to assess climate change perceptions and occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies of Ghanaian mining workers. Read More

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December 2018

Rehabilitation-induced brain changes detected through magnetic resonance imaging in children with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review.

Int J Dev Neurosci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; BC Children's Hospital Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; Sunny Hill Health Centre for Children, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address:

Aim: The aim of this study was to systematically review evidence about rehabilitation-induced neuroplasticity measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Method: The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Two independent reviewers screened articles according to inclusion criteria: (1) peer-review study published in a scientific journal; (2) studies that evaluated a rehabilitation-based intervention; (3) participants aged less than 19 years with a neurodevelopmental disorder; (4) studies that used at least one MRI modality as an outcome measure. Read More

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December 2018

Musculoskeletal injuries and absenteeism among healthcare professionals-ICD-10 characterization.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0207837. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Occupational Health, Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João, Porto, Portugal.

Introduction: Healthcare workers account for 10% of the EU's total workforce, with a significant proportion of those employed in hospitals. Musculoskeletal injuries are the predominant group of injuries in healthcare professionals due to the physical demands of their work, such as the mobilization and positioning of the dependent patients. The management of this type of problem should take into account direct and indirect costs, such as periods of incapacity for work due to illness, hiring and training of new employees during periods of absence, reduced levels of productivity and the effects on production and quality of work. Read More

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December 2018
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Occupational exposure to metals and other elements in the tractor production.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208932. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

National Center of Occupational Safety and Health, Minsk, Belarus.

Background: Exposure to metals via air sampling in workplace has been extensively studied; however, the magnitude of individual exposure in various occupational groups may vary dramatically. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to ascertain exposure to selected metals from metal fumes in a series of typical workplaces of contemporary tractor production.

Methods: Ninety-eight (median age 41 (interquartile range (IQR) 23) years, all men) workers from Minsk Tractor Plant were categorized into four groups, including assembly shop workers (group 1); thermal shop staff (group 2); steelmakers (group 3) and welders (group 4). Read More

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December 2018

CE: Original Research: Antineoplastic Drug Administration by Pregnant and Nonpregnant Nurses: An Exploration of the Use of Protective Gloves and Gowns.

Am J Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Christina C. Lawson is the epidemiology team leader, Candice Y. Johnson and Carissa M. Rocheleau are epidemiologists, and James M. Boiano is an industrial hygienist in the Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in Cincinnati, OH. Feiby L. Nassan is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston. Thomas H. Connor is a research biologist in the Division of Applied Research and Technology at NIOSH. Jorge E. Chavarro is an associate professor in the Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health at Harvard Medical School, as well as the principal investigator of the Nurses' Health Study 3. Janet W. Rich-Edwards is the director of developmental epidemiology at the Mary Horrigan Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Rich-Edwards received grant funding from NIOSH to support data analysis (grant no. 200-2013-M-54978). Contact author: Christina C. Lawson, The authors and planners have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

Findings from this cross-sectional study indicate a need for expanded training in safe handling practices.

Abstract: Background: Many antineoplastic (chemotherapeutic) drugs are known or probable human carcinogens, and many have been shown to be reproductive toxicants in cancer patients. Evidence from occupational exposure studies suggests that health care workers who have long-term, low-level occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs have an increased risk of adverse reproductive outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Age differences in everyday stressor-related negative affect: A coordinated analysis.

Psychol Aging 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biobehavioral Health and Medicine.

Advancing age is often characterized by preserved or even enhanced emotion regulation, which is thought to manifest in terms of age-related reductions in the within-person association between stressors and negative affect. Existing research from ecological momentary assessment and end-of-day daily diary studies examining such age-related benefits have yielded mixed results, potentially due to differences in samples, design, and measurement of everyday stressors and negative affect. We conducted a coordinated analysis of 5 ecological momentary assessments and 2 end-of-day daily diary studies to examine adult age differences in the within-person association between everyday stressors and negative affect. Read More

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December 2018

Toward a dimensional model of vocational interests.

J Appl Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Educational Psychology.

Growing evidence on the predictive validity of vocational interests for job performance calls for greater consideration of interest assessment in organizations. However, a consensus on the fundamental dimensions of interests that are aligned with the contemporary world of work is still lacking. In the current research, we developed an organizing framework of vocational interests and empirically validated an 8-dimension model (SETPOINT: Health Science, Creative xpression, echnology, eople, rganization, nfluence, ature, and hings). Read More

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December 2018

[Analysis of the working population applying to the clinic for the psycological job environmental discomfort relating to employment at AUSL of Romagna - Rimini].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):217-223

U.O.C. Sistemi per la Salute e Sicurezza dei Lavoratori, AUSL Romagna - Rimini.

Objectives: The Occupational Physician in accordance with the Prevention and Protection of AUSL Romagna (Rimini) has enabled for some years, a Clinic for the psychological job environmental discomfort addressed to employment, with expressions of the psychophysical disorders, caused by work related stress. Health is defined by the current legislation as a state of psychophysical and social wellbeing.

Methods: The main purpose of Clinic for the psychological distress in working environment is to provide listening space and psychological support for employees. Read More

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December 2018

[Manual handling, job fitness, and musculoskeletal disorders in the Sondrio hospital (Italy) healthcare workers.]

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):203-207

Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica, Medicina Sperimentale e Forense, Sezione di Medicina del Lavoro, Università degli Studi di Pavia and Unità Operativa di Medicina del Lavoro, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia.

Objectives: Musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD) are a large group of locomotor system pathologies with multifactorial etiology. Healthcare professionals are often exposed to biomechanical overload of the spine and upper limb, for example during patient handling, and represent a working population at risk.

Methods: In order to acquire further knowledge on this subject, we conducted a cross-sectional study (year 2016) among healthcare workers (excluding physicians) of the Sondrio Hospital (Italy), investigating the correlations between manual handling, MDS and job fitness. Read More

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December 2018

[Biological risk in agriculture and construction workplaces: a survey on perception, knowledge and prevention measures.]

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2018 Dec;40(4):195-202

Cattedra di Igiene, Dipartimento di Medicina e Scienze per la Salute "Vincenzo Tiberio", Università degli Studi del Molise.

Objectives: Despite the potential presence in many workplaces, biological risk is little known and largely underestimated, except in healthcare environments. Objectives: To evaluate perception, knowledge and behaviors adopted for protection and prevention of biological risk, related also to the occupational activity, among construction and agricultural workers.

Methods: Workers were recruited at farms and construction companies of Molise Region, Central Italy, which were visited within the surveillance activities planned by local institutions. Read More

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December 2018

A Special Risk Group for Hepatitis E Infection: The First Record of North Cyprus.

Pol J Microbiol 2018 ;67(4):525-528

Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Near East University , Nicosia , Cyprus.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is transmitted by a fecal oral route from animals to humans following exposure to the body fluids of infected animals. We investigated the seroprevalence of anti-hepatitis E (anti-HEV) antibodies by monitoring IgG and IgM virus antibodies amongst employees in the animal industry in North Cyprus through a cross-sectional study. Samples were taken from individuals without occupational exposure to animals and from those who worked with animals (doing animal husbandry, veterinary work or butchery). Read More

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January 2018

[The decade hemogram of workers of phthalate industry].

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):28-31

The Federal budget institution of science "The Ufa research institute of occupational medicine and human ecology" of Minzdrav of Russia, 450106, Ufa, Russia.

The article presents decade dynamics of hemogram of workers started their labor activity in factories of terephthalic acid, purifed terephthalic acid and polyethylene terephthalate. The study established a hemodynamics depended on career pattern, characterizing hematologic shifts i.e. Read More

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January 2018

Cognitive Deficits in the THINC-Integrated Tool (THINC-it) Are Associated With Psychosocial Dysfunction in Patients With Major Depressive Disorder.

J Clin Psychiatry 2018 Nov 20;80(1). Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: To evaluate the extent to which cognitive measures in the recently developed THINC-integrated tool (THINC-it) are associated with global and domain specific psychosocial disability in patients with current and remitted major depressive disorder (MDD).

Methods: Cross-sectional data (N = 127) were obtained from participants with current (n = 105) or remitted (n = 22) MDD who completed the THINC-it between July 2014 and June 2018. Major depressive disorder was diagnostically assessed with DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria. Read More

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November 2018
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Pharmacogenetics and prediction of adverse events in prescription opioid use disorder patients.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Neuropharmacology on Pain (NED), Alicante Institute for Health and Biomedical Research (ISABIAL-FISABIO Foundation), Alicante, Spain.

The threats involved in the long-term opioid treatment of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) have increased notably. Strategies to identify at-risk patients are important because there is no clear evidence showing which screening or deprescription programmes are appropriate. Our aim was to evaluate the evidence provided by pharmacogenetics applied to predict an analgesic toxicity profile in prescription opioid use disorder (POUD) patients participating in an opioid deprescription programme. Read More

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October 2018

Pressure pain sensitivity is associated with dental fear in adults in middle age: Findings from the Northern Finland 1966 birth cohort study.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Community Dentistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Introduction: Dental fear is a prevalent problem leading to severe deterioration of oral health and health-related quality of life. Despite the knowledge that dental fear is closely linked to painful experience, the association between pain sensitivity and dental fear remains unclear. This study was designed to evaluate this association with validated measures of dental fear and pressure pain sensitivity in a cohort population. Read More

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December 2018

Insights into the Pulmonary Vascular complications of heart failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction.

J Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Pittsburgh Heart, Lung, Blood and Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Pulmonary hypertension in the setting of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (PH-HFpEF) is a growing public health problem that is increasing in prevalence. While PH-HFpEF is defined by a high mean pulmonary artery pressure, high left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and a normal ejection fraction, some HFpEF patients develop PH in the presence of pulmonary vascular remodeling with a high transpulmonary pressure gradient or pulmonary vascular resistance. Aging, increased left atrial pressure and stiffness, mitral regurgitation, as well as features of metabolic syndrome, which include obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, are recognized as risk factors for PH-HFpEF. Read More

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December 2018

Estimating the population prevalence of traditional and novel occupational exposures in Federal Region X.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Objective: Federal Region X is an administrative region in the northwestern United States comprised of the states of Alaska (AK), Idaho (ID), Oregon (OR), and Washington (WA). Quantifying the number of workers in this region exposed to harmful circumstances in the workplace, and projected changes over time will help to inform priorities for occupational health training, risk reduction, and research.

Methods: State data for WA, ID, OR, and AK were used to estimate number of workers by occupation, in 2014 and 2024. Read More

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December 2018

A Systematic Review of Ayres Sensory Integration Intervention for Children with Autism.

Autism Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Occupational Therapy Jefferson, College of Health Professions Faculty, Farber Institute for Neurosciences Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Sensory integration is one of the most highly utilized interventions in autism, however, a lack of consensus exists regarding its evidence base. An increasing number of studies are investigating the effectiveness of this approach. This study used the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Standards for Evidence-based Practices in Special Education to evaluate the effectiveness research from 2006 to 2017 on Ayres Sensory Integration (ASI) intervention for children with autism. Read More

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December 2018
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The relationship between physical fitness and occupational injury in emergency responders: A systematic review.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Jan 12;62(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Emergency responders have jobs with physical demands that put them at risk of musculoskeletal injuries.

Objectives: This paper systematically reviews existing literature examining the relationship between fitness and occupational injury in this group.

Methods: Comprehensive electronic searches were conducted using key words relating to musculoskeletal injury, fitness, and emergency responders. Read More

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January 2019

Data-driven adult asthma phenotypes based on clinical characteristics are associated with asthma outcomes twenty years later.

Allergy 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Inserm, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IAB, Team of environmental epidemiology applied to reproduction and respiratory health, 38000, Grenoble, France.

Background: Research based on cluster analyses led to the identification of particular phenotypes confirming phenotypic heterogeneity of asthma. The long-term clinical course of asthma phenotypes defined by clustering analysis remains unknown, although it is a key aspect to underpin their clinical relevance. We aimed to estimate risk of poor asthma events between asthma clusters identified 20 years earlier. Read More

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December 2018

Isocyanates and Hydrogen Cyanide in Fumes from Heated Proteins and Protein Rich Foods.

Authors:
Per Leanderson

Indoor Air 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, S-58185, Linköping, Sweden.

Toxic compounds in cooking fumes could cause respiratory problems. In the present study the formation of isocyanic acid (ICA), methyl isocyanate (MIC) and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) was studied during the heating of proteins or frying of protein rich foods. Heating was performed in an experimental setup using a tube oven set at 200-500 °C and in a kitchen when foods with different protein content were fried at a temperature around 300 °C. Read More

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December 2018