7,906 results match your criteria Obstruction Large Bowel


Unusual causes of large bowel obstruction.

Curr Probl Surg 2019 Feb 22;56(2):49-90. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

West Middlesex University Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/j.cpsurg.2018.12.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Intestinal intussusception related to colonic pedunculated lipoma: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 10;55:206-209. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Departament of Surgery, Hospital Felicio Rocho, Av. do Contorno, 9530, Barro Preto, 30110-017, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Introduction: Intestinal intussusception is a relatively common cause of bowel obstruction in children, however, it is a rare clinical entity in adults. When seen in adults, it is often caused by some underlying condition, usually of malignant origin. We present a case of intestinal intussusception caused by a benign and rare condition in the gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.01.042DOI Listing
February 2019

Is the 8-mm robotic port safe? A case of trocar site hernia after robotic cholecystectomy using the da Vinci Xi system.

Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne 2019 Jan 11;14(1):137-140. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong-si, South Korea.

With the increase in the frequency of robotic surgery, complications have also increased, including trocar site hernias, which rarely occur at the 8-mm port site after robotic cholecystectomy using the da Vinci Xi system. A 37-year-old woman was diagnosed with cholecystitis on abdominal sonography. She underwent robotic cholecystectomy using a bikini-line incision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/wiitm.2018.76263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372859PMC
January 2019

COMPLICATIONS AFTER TRANSABDOMINAL SOAVE'S PROCEDURE IN CHILDREN WITH HIRSCHSPRUNG'S DISEASE.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2019 Feb 7;32(1):e1421. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Biostatistics, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Khouzestan, Iran.

Background: Hirschsprung's disease is a congenital disorder that causes functional obstruction of large bowel.

Aim: To evaluate complication and bowel function score of children with Hirschsprung's disease who underwent transabdominal Soave's procedure.

Methods: In this study all the children with Hirschsprung's disease who underwent transabdominal Soave procedure were evaluated regarding bowel function and complication of trans-abdominal Soave's procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-672020180001e1421DOI Listing
February 2019

Curative endoscopic treatment of intussusception due to a giant colonic lipoma using a wedged balloon and ligation with detachable snares.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, 329-0498, Tochigi, Japan.

A 67-year-old woman presented with symptoms of bowel obstruction. Radiographic and ultrasonographic findings suggested colo-colonic intussusception caused by a colonic lipoma. Colonoscopy with an endoscope tip balloon was performed for reduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-019-00943-5DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Idiopathic Dilatation of the Colon in a Nursing Home Resident, with a Suspected Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (Ogilvie Syndrome).

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2019 Feb;29(2):178-180

Department of Surgery, Fourth Military Teaching Hospital, 5 Weigla Street, 50-981 Wroclaw, Poland.

Ogilvie syndrome (acute colonic pseudo-obstruction) represents a clinical condition with symptoms of colonic obstruction without a distinct mechanical factor. The damage to the neural ganglia in the intestinal wall is the most likely etiology. A 62-year man was admitted to the Emergency Department due to acute dyspnea and vomiting. Read More

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https://www.jcpsp.pk/archive/2019/Feb2019/19.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2019.02.178DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Very rare case of synchronous volvulus of the sigmoid colon and caecum causing large-bowel obstruction.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 28;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Colorectal Surgery, Saint George Hospital, Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia.

Large-bowel obstruction caused by volvulus is potentially life threatening if not managed promptly. Sigmoid colon is the most common site of volvulus followed by caecum. Synchronous double colonic volvulus is an exceedingly rare entity, with only five cases published previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227375DOI Listing
January 2019

A rare case report of ascending colon perforation secondary to acute pancreatitis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Jan 21;55:62-65. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Caboolture Hospital, 120 McKean Street, 4510 Queenland, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Severe acute pancreatitis is associated with high morbidity and mortality. This is a result of the development of pancreatic and extra-pancreatic necrosis with subsequent infection which can lead to multiorgan failure. Complications include localized ileus, abscess formation, mechanical obstruction, rupture and perforation into the gastrointestinal tract and fistula formation (Aldridge et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351346PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Surgical and Endoscopic Treatment of a Double Phytobezoar Causing Ileus and Jaundice: A Case Report.

Iran J Med Sci 2019 Jan;44(1):70-73

Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Drama, Greece.

Bezoars are rare conditions of mechanical intestinal occlusion. Among the various types of bezoars, phytobezoars and trichobezoars are the most common types. Symptoms are usually indistinguishable from other more common entities; therefore, it may be difficult to reach a correct diagnosis. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330529PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

The role of colonic stents in extracolonic malignant large-bowel obstruction.

Gastrointest Endosc 2019 02;89(2):441

Digestive Endoscopy Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing, Medical University, Nanjing, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2018.08.016DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis in a patient after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a case report.

BMC Gastroenterol 2019 Jan 21;19(1):12. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Hematology, Kobe City Hospital Organization, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0047, Japan.

Background: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a chronic clinical syndrome of acute or subacute gastrointestinal obstruction seen mainly in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Although there are a few reports on EPS developing in non-peritoneal dialysis patients, it has not been reported in patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Here, we report a case of EPS after a second HSCT. Read More

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https://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12876-019-0933-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341688PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

A nomogram for predicting bowel obstruction in preoperative colorectal cancer patients with clinical characteristics.

World J Surg Oncol 2019 Jan 18;17(1):21. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Surgical Oncology and General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, 155 North Nanjing Street, Heping District, Shenyang City, 110001, People's Republic of China.

Background: Bowel obstruction (BO) is a complication that commonly affects patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). BO causes severe outcomes, and its treatment leads to a dilemma for many surgeons. Moreover, the factors correlated to BO in preoperative CRC patients remain unclear. Read More

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https://wjso.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12957-019-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-019-1562-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339443PMC
January 2019
7 Reads
1.200 Impact Factor

Correlation between a continent ileocecal valve and CT signs of severity in patients presenting with obstructive colonic cancer.

Emerg Radiol 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Radiology, Besançon University Hospital, 3 boulevard Fleming, 25030, Besançon, France.

Objective: To study the association of a continent ileocecal valve and the degree of severity of the CT signs in patients presenting with large bowel obstruction due to colonic cancer.

Patients And Methods: Sixty-six patients undergoing emergency surgery for confirmed obstructive colonic cancer were included. The CT examinations were analyzed without consultation of the surgical results. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10140-018-01667-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-018-01667-8DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Colonic stenting as a bridge to surgery in malignant large bowel obstruction: oncological outcomes.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, St James Hospital, Dublin 8, Ireland.

Introduction: Stenting of obstructing colorectal cancers obviates the need for emergency surgery, reducing initial morbidity and mortality rate associated with emergency surgery and facilitates full staging of the neoplastic process with an opportunity to optimize the patient for surgery. Some recent publications have suggested however that this approach may be associated with higher local recurrence rates. We examined our outcomes following colonic stenting as a bridge to resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-019-03239-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Milk Curd Obstruction in Human Milk-Fed Preterm Infants.

Neonatology 2019 Jan 15;115(3):211-216. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Background: Milk curd obstruction as a cause of intestinal obstruction has been known since 1959, but has nearly disappeared. However, in recent years it has experienced a revival in small premature infants.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of milk curd obstruction (lactobezoar) in preterm infants. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494625
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494625DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

A Comparison of Emergency First Presentations of Colorectal Cancer in Under-50 and Over-50 Year-Old Patients.

J Invest Surg 2019 Jan 15:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

b Department of General Surgery , West Suffolk Hospital , Bury Saint Edmunds , UK.

Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second commonest malignancy related death in Western Europe with incidence increasing in young adults. 31% of UK patients with CRC present as emergencies. We compare the incidence, characteristics, management and outcomes in two cohorts presenting as CRC emergencies; under-50 and over-50 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2018.1545060DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Colonic stenting for malignant large bowel obstruction is safe and effective: a single-surgeon experience.

Singapore Med J 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) can be used as a bridge to surgery (BTS) or for palliation in the treatment of malignant large bowel obstruction. This case series evaluates the short-term outcomes of SEMS and success rates over time.

Methods: A total of 75 consecutive patients who underwent colonic stenting for malignant colonic obstruction over a period of six years were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2019010DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Outcomes in Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction from a Large Statewide Database: What to Expect after Non-Operative Management.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Trauma Service, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, California.

Background: Although adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) is frequently managed non-operatively, little is known regarding outcomes on readmission following this approach. Using a large population-based dataset, we evaluated risk factors for operative intervention and mortality at readmission in patients with ASBO who were initially managed non-operatively.

Methods: ASBO patients were identified in the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development 2007-2014 patient discharge database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002196DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A Rare Cause of Abdominal Pain in Adults: Meckel's Diverticulitis.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2018 Sep-Dec;12(3):709-714. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Medicine, BronxCare Hospital Center, Bronx, New York, USA.

A 42-year-old man presented to the emergency room with complaints of periumbilical abdominal pain. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed mucosal thickening in the small bowel of the right abdomen. There was a fairly large small bowel diverticulum associated with this segment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494752DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323367PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Laparoscopic Approach to Large Bowel Neoplastic Obstruction After Self-Expandable-Metal-Stent (SEMS) Placement.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Surgery, Surgical Oncology and Minimally Invasive Division.

Endoscopic self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement as a bridge to surgery in large bowel neoplastic obstruction is an alternative to emergency surgery for the obstructive colorectal neoplasms. This study aims to analyze postoperative and long-term outcomes in a series of patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resection after SEMS placement. The analysis, after the stratification based on the time elapsed between the onset of the occlusive symptoms and the SEMS positioning, revealed an interesting result, with lower mortality for patients who underwent the procedure within 24 hours of hospitalization (P=0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000623DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Outcomes of transversus abdominis release in non-elective incisional hernia repair: a retrospective review of the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative (AHSQC).

Hernia 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Comprehensive Hernia Center, Digestive Disease and Surgery Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, A-100, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Purpose: Elective repair of large incisional hernias using posterior component separation with transversus abdominis release (TAR) has acceptable wound morbidity and long-term recurrence rates. The outcomes of using this reconstructive technique in the non-elective setting remains unknown. We aim to report 30-day outcomes of TAR in non-elective settings. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10029-019-01878-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-019-01878-zDOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

[Immediate results of surgical treatment of complicated colorectal cancer in elderly and senile patients.]

Adv Gerontol 2018 ;31(4):574-580

I.I.Mechnikov Northwestern State Medical University, 41, Kirochnaya str., St. Petersburg, 191015, Russian Federation.

The work analyzes the results of surgical treatment of 545 elderly and senile patients with complicated forms of colon cancer. Among colon cancer complications frequently encountered acute intestinal obstruction (AIO) - 413 (75,8%), less likely to have been identified - perifocal inflammation (PPV) with abscess - 80 (14,7%), bleeding - 30 (5,5 %) and tumor perforation - 22 (4%). Operations on the colon were performed as a traditional method - 408 (74,9%) and with the use of endovideosurgical technologies - 137 (25,1%). Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Splenic hematoma may present as large bowel obstruction: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 22;54:113-115. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Division of Trauma, Bronx, NY, USA; School of Medicine, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA; College of Osteopathic Medicine, New York Institute of Technology, Old Westbury, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Large bowel obstruction (LBO) warrants prompt evaluation and management. Although causes of LBO are most commonly intrinsic to the colon (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.11.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312797PMC
November 2018

Outcomes after Single-Look Trauma Laparotomy: A Large Population-Based Study.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Trauma Service, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, California.

Background: Outcomes following damage control laparotomy for trauma have been studied in detail. However, outcomes following a single operation, or "single-look trauma laparotomy" (SLTL), have not. We evaluated the association between SLTL and both short-term and long-term outcomes in a large, population-based dataset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002167DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Endoscopic stenting should be advocated in patients with stage IV colorectal cancer presenting with acute obstruction.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):785-790

Division of Colorectal Surgery, University Surgical Cluster, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: It remains contentious whether endoscopic stenting or upfront surgery is more optimal in patients with metastatic colorectal cancers presenting with large bowel obstruction.

Methods: A retrospective review of all patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who underwent either endoscopic stenting or emergency surgery for acute large bowel obstruction was performed.

Results: Between January 2007 and June 2014, 66 patients, median age, 64 (range, 25-96) years, presented with acute large bowel obstruction from metastatic colorectal cancer. Read More

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http://jgo.amegroups.com/article/view/22363/18233
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.06.03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219967PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Rat models of high risk colorectal anastomoses 1.

Acta Cir Bras 2018 Oct;33(10):914-923

PhD, Full Professor, Head, Centre of Experimental Surgical, Coordinator of Postgraduate Program in Surgical Science, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. Intellectual, conception and design of the study; analysis and interpretation of data; manuscript preparation; critical revision.

Purpose: To evaluate the most frequent surgical techniques of high-risk colorectal anastomoses in rats.

Methods: Wistar rats were enrolled in three different models comprising inflammatory (TNBS enema), vascular (portal vein occlusion) or obstructive (a non-ischemic constricting ring) mechanisms associated with colonic anastomosis that had accomplished after these former lesions. Histological analyses (Hematoxylin and eosin and Picrosirius red) were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020180100000006DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Sigmoido-Cecal Fistula: A Rare Case of Complicated Recurrent Diverticulitis and a Review of the Literature.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;19:1386-1392. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Third Department of Surgery, AHEPA University Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Thessaloniki, Greece.

BACKGROUND Although diverticular disease is well described and treated in daily clinical practice, there are cases that attract great interest because of their complexity and difficulty in management. Herein, we describe a rare case of colo-colonic fistula-complicated diverticulitis that necessitated urgent surgical intervention. CASE REPORT A 76-year-old female patient with a known history of diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon presented in the Emergency Department for evaluation of left lower quadrant abdominal pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266540PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Long-term outcomes following restorative proctocolectomy ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in pediatric ulcerative colitis patients: Multicenter national study in Japan.

Ann Gastroenterol Surg 2018 Nov 27;2(6):428-433. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Internal Medicine Toho University Sakura Medical Center Sakura Chiba Japan.

Background: Few studies have investigated surgical outcomes following a colectomy in pediatric patients with ulcerative colitis (UC).

Purpose: This study aimed to determine long-term outcomes in a large cohort of pediatric patients who underwent proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for UC.

Methods: Pediatric patients (<17 years old) who underwent surgery at 12 different hospitals in Japan between May 1979 and March 2015 were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ags3.12198DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236100PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Effects of Clozapine on the Gut: Cross-Sectional Study of Delayed Gastric Emptying and Small and Large Intestinal Dysmotility.

CNS Drugs 2019 Jan;33(1):81-91

Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 7343, Wellington, 6242, New Zealand.

Background: Gastrointestinal hypomotility in people taking clozapine is common, poorly understood and potentially dangerous. It causes distress and sometimes sudden death, with greater associated morbidity than the better known adverse effect of clozapine, agranulocytosis. Neither the mechanism nor prevalence of clozapine-induced gastrointestinal hypomotility is well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40263-018-0587-4DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis as a potential complication of cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC: Clinical features and results of treatment in 4 patients.

Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 28;27(4):657-662. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Program in Peritoneal Surface Oncology, MedStar Washington Cancer Institute and MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address:

Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare entity characterized by encapsulation of the small bowel and/or the colon by a fibrous tissue that forms a shell. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) has been reported to be a potential causative factor of secondary SEP. However, few studies have reported on secondary SEP related to cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suronc.2018.08.005DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopic assisted insertion of a colonic self-expandable metallic stent.

Tech Coloproctol 2018 10 17;22(10):809-811. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of General Surgery, West Suffolk Hospital, Hardwick Ln, Bury Saint Edmunds, IP33 2QZ, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10151-018-1878-yDOI Listing
October 2018

Synchronous volvulus of the sigmoid and transverse colon in a 26-year-old male.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 13;2018(11):rjy295. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Surgery, Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana.

We present a 26-year-old male patient who presented with complete bowel obstruction and peritonitis. His abdominal X-rays showed grossly distended large bowels with air-fluid levels. A differential diagnosis of sigmoid volvulus was entertained and the patient was taken for an exploratory laparotomy. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jscr/article/doi/10.1093/jscr/rjy29
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjy295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232284PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

A rare presentation of simple renal cyst: gastrointestinal obstruction.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(4):359-362

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Simple renal cysts are one of the most common lesions in elderly. These cysts are usually asymptomatic but when the size of these cysts increase, we would see symptoms such as hypertension, hematuria, flank pain or urinary obstruction. In this study, we explore a case of small bowel obstruction that presented with nausea, repeated vomiting that causes hematemesis, and a submucosal obstructive lesion that was seen in Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204248PMC
January 2018
13 Reads

Large bowel obstruction caused by urinary retention from benign prostate hyperplasia.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Feb 9;14(2):213-216. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Tokunoshima Tokushukai Medical Center, Oshima, Tokunoshima 891-7101, Japan.

Although large bowel obstruction is a common surgical emergency, its occurrence due to bladder distension is rarely reported in the literature. We report a case of large bowel obstruction caused by bladder distention secondary to benign prostate hyperplasia in a 67-year-old man. This case demonstrates a grossly distended urinary bladder compressing the rectosigmoid colon against the sacrum, presenting as a complete large bowel obstruction. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19300433183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.10.031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231115PMC
February 2019
17 Reads

Emergency laparoscopic and open repair of incarcerated ventral hernias: a multi-institutional comparative analysis with coarsened exact matching.

Surg Endosc 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Division of General Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: The safety of emergent laparoscopic repair of incarcerated ventral hernias is not well established. The objective of this study was to determine if emergent laparoscopic repair of incarcerated ventral hernias is comparable to open repair with respect to short-term clinical outcomes.

Methods: Patients undergoing emergency repair of an incarcerated ventral hernia with associated obstruction and/or gangrene were identified using the ACS-NSQIP 2012-2016 dataset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-018-6573-6DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Embolization-induced Renal Tumor Shrinkage Followed by Definitive Cryoablation.

Cureus 2018 Sep 4;10(9):e3251. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Medical Student, Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Auburn, USA.

Significant incidental findings reported on computed tomography (CT) scans are common. This article describes a 72-year-old man evaluated for possible bowel obstruction in whom was found a 3.1-cm x 2. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/14391-embolization-induced-r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6217869PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Laparoscopic treatment of large bowel obstruction due to a self-locating peritoneal dialysis catheter.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 2;53:207-210. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

General Surgery, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias (HUCA), Spain.

Introduction: Peritoneal dialysis has been used in the treatment of end-stage renal disease for a long time. The development of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has achieved an acceptable device of renal replacement therapy.

Presentation Of Case: We report a 55 year-old patient who was initiated on CAPD in February 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.10.069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226827PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Phlebosclerotic colitis: Our clinical experience of 25 patients in China.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(43):e12824

Department of Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

The aim of the current study was to enhance the awareness of phlebosclerotic colitis (PC) through our clinical experience.A retrospective review of 25 patients who were diagnosed as PC in our 2 affiliated hospitals from January 2013 to October 2017 was conducted.The patients were found at a mean age of 63. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201810260-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221691PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

A case report of a rare and challenging gangrenous splenic flexure volvulus in a pregnant patient.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 2;53:171-174. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

James Cook University, Cairns Base Hospital, QLD, Australia.

Introduction: Splenic flexure volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction and is uncommonly encountered in young patients from developed countries.

Presentation Of Case: This report details a challenging case of a gangrenous large bowel volvulus in a 25 year old woman 20 weeks pregnant, highlighting the diagnostic and operative challenges that this rare clinical situation presents. After urgent MRI confirming a splenic flexure volvulus, an emergency open left hemicolectomy and end colostomy was performed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.10.075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6222078PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Colovesical fistula as the initial manifestation of advanced colon cancer: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Oct;6(12):538-541

Department of Radiology, Medical University in Lublin, Lublin 20-081, Polen (POL), Poland.

Colovesical fistulas (CVFs) are rare complications of very advanced cancers of the abdominal or pelvic cavity and often cause diagnostic troubles. CVFs are found more often in males, whereas females usually suffer from rectovaginal or vesicovaginal fistulas. This article presents a case of a female patient who was admitted to the hospital because of acute diarrhea, presumably of infectious origin, and with only subtle abnormalities in blood tests and urinalysis. Read More

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http://www.wjgnet.com/2307-8960/full/v6/i12/538.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v6.i12.538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212606PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Congenital colonic stenosis with absent caecum and appendix: a rare association.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 1;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Max Smart Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India.

Congenital colonic stenosis is a rare condition with less than 20 cases reported in the literature since 1966. We report an interesting case of a 7-month-old baby girl who presented with features suggestive of acute intestinal obstruction. On exploration, it was a case of ascending colon stenosis with absence of caecum and appendix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225072DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

[Complete Obstruction of the Ascending Jejunal Limb due to Adhesion of the Y Loop after Total Gastrectomy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Oct;45(10):1521-1523

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

A 43-year-woman who had undergone total gastrectomy for gastric cancer was admitted to our hospital because of lower abdominal pain 2 months after the operation. Abdominal computed tomography revealed an ascending jejunum dilation. Gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a complete obstruction in the ascending jejunum. Read More

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October 2018
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Small bowel obstruction secondary to left paraduodenal hernia: A case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 12;53:29-31. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Nini Hospital, Tripoli, Lebanon.

Introduction: Internal hernias are uncommon and are defined by the protrusion of a viscus through intraperitoneal defects. Left paraduodenal hernias (LPDH) are the most common type of congenital internal hernia (CIH). We report a clinical case of a patient with a small bowel obstruction (SBO) due to a LPDH. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612183044
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.10.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205147PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Comparative study between colonic metallic stent and anal tube decompression for Japanese patients with left-sided malignant large bowel obstruction.

World J Surg Oncol 2018 Oct 17;16(1):210. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, United States Naval Hospital, 1-chome Tomari-cho, Yokosuka-shi, Kanagawa, 238-0001, Japan.

Background: Surgical management of malignant bowel obstruction carries with high morbidity and mortality. Placement of a trans-anal decompression tube (TDT) has traditionally been used for malignant bowel obstruction as a bridge to surgery. Recently, colonic metallic stent (CMS) as a bridge to surgery for malignant bowel obstruction, particularly left-sided malignant large bowel obstruction (LMLBO) caused by colorectal cancer, has been reported to be both a safe and feasible option. Read More

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https://wjso.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12957-018-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-018-1509-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193302PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Urgent Laparotomy in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Presenting as an Acute Abdomen: A Retrospective Analysis.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Oct;20(10):619-622

Department of Surgery, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva, Israel.

Background: Unlike the elective treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC), sufficient data and consensual guidelines on acute care are lacking.

Objectives: To analyze a cohort of MCRC patients who required urgent surgery due to acute abdomen and to identify risk factors contributing to the patient's perioperative mortality and morbidity.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of patients diagnosed with stage IV colorectal cancer who required urgent laparotomy at the Rabin Medical Center. Read More

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October 2018

Burden of gastrointestinal and liver diseases in India, 1990-2016.

Indian J Gastroenterol 2018 Sep 10;37(5):439-445. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Gastrointestinal Epidemiology Research Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, 600 N Wolfe St, Blalock 406, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

There is no comprehensive report on the burden of gastrointestinal (GI) and liver diseases in India. In this study, we estimated the age-standardized prevalence, mortality, and disability adjusted life years (DALY) rates of GI and liver diseases in India from 1990 to 2016 using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study, which systematically reviews literature and reports for international disease burden trends. Despite a decrease in the overall burden from GI infectious disorders since 1990, they still accounted for the majority of DALYs in 2016. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12664-018-0892-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12664-018-0892-3DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Pathophysiology and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders in the Acutely Ill.

Nutr Clin Pract 2019 Feb 7;34(1):23-36. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Department of Neuro-Gastroenterology, University College London, London, UK.

Gastrointestinal dysmotility causes delayed gastric emptying, enteral feed intolerance, and functional obstruction of the small and large intestine, the latter functional obstructions being frequently termed ileus and Ogilvie syndrome, respectively. In addition to meticulous supportive care, drug therapy may be appropriate in certain situations. There is, however, considerable variation among individuals regarding what gastric residual volume identifies gastric dysmotility and would encourage use of a promotility drug. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ncp.10199
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ncp.10199DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Percutaneous caecostomy for the management of closed loop large bowel obstruction: A delayed complication of severe gallstone pancreatitis.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2019 Jan 5;101(1):e17-e19. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Castle Hill Hospital , Cottingham , UK.

Colonic complications following pancreatitis are unusual events ranging from 1% to 15%. In a patient with a hostile abdomen and multiple previous laparotomies, surgical management of a closed-loop large-bowel obstruction risks significant morbidity and mortality for the patient, necessitating other strategies for management. Caecostomy in the management of large bowel obstruction is an often forgotten weapon in the general surgeons' armoury. Read More

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https://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/doi/10.1308/rcsann.2018.0164
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2018.0164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303819PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Unusual case of acute large bowel obstruction: endometriosis mimicking sigmoid malignancy.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Oct 2. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ans.14869
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.14869DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

Preventable Complications and Deaths after Emergency Nontrauma Surgery.

Am Surg 2018 Sep;84(9):1422-1428

The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and cause of preventable and potentially preventable complications on an emergency nontrauma surgical service. The study is a retrospective review conducted at an academic teaching hospital. All patients were assessed (January 2010-June 2012) for emergency general surgical conditions, excluding trauma. Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads