431 results match your criteria Obstetrics and Gynecology International [Journal]


Our Experience with Iatrogenic Ureteric Injuries among Women Presenting to University College Hospital, Ibadan: A Call to Action on Trigger Factors.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2019 10;2019:6456141. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Genitourinary/Urogynaecology Unit, Faculty of Clinical Science, UI, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Ureteric injuries leading to ureterovaginal fistula (UVF) is less common than vesicovaginal fistula, as a cause of urinary incontinence. Recently, there is a surge in the number of UVF cases presenting to University College Hospital (UCH) following a caesarean delivery. The urogynaecology unit at UCH is at the forefront of providing surgical repair for women with all forms of genitourinary fistulas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6456141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387707PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Determinants of Maternal Death in a Pastoralist Area of Borena Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Unmatched Case-Control Study.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2019 20;2019:5698436. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Borena Zone Health Department, Hawassa University, Hawassa Ethiopia, School of Public Health, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, more than 830 maternal deaths happen daily, and nearly, all of these occur in developing countries. Similarly, in Ethiopia, maternal mortality is still very high. Studies done in pastoralist women are almost few. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5698436DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360571PMC
January 2019

Gynecologists May Underestimate the Amount of Blood Loss during Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 16;2018:3802532. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: We considered the possibility of underestimation of the amount of bleeding during laparoscopic surgery, and we investigated comparing the amount of bleeding between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery by considering the concentration of hemoglobin before and after surgery as indicators.

Methods: The following procedures were included: A, surgery for ovarian tumor; B, myomectomy; and C, hysterectomy either by laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. Patients who underwent the above procedures in between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2017, were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3802532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311784PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Pubococcygeal Sling versus Refixation of the Pubocervical Fascia in Vesicovaginal Fistula Repair: A Retrospective Review.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 31;2018:6396387. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Global Women's Health, 6651 Main St., Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Urethral incontinence is an issue for approximately 10-15% of women with an obstetric fistula. Various surgical interventions to prevent this exist, including the pubococcygeal sling and refixation of the pubocervical fascia. Neither has been evaluated in comparison to one another. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/6396387/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6396387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234447PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of Accuracy of Episiotomy Incision in a Governmental Maternity Unit in Palestine: An Observational Study.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 29;2018:6345497. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Obstetrics, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, 0424 Oslo, Norway.

Episiotomy should be cut at certain internationally set criteria to minimize risk of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and anal incontinence. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of cutting right mediolateral episiotomy (RMLE). An institution-based prospective cohort study was undertaken in a Palestinian maternity unit from February 1, to December 31, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6345497DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231361PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of Diagnostic Values among CA-125, RMI, HE4, and ROMA for Cancer Prediction in Women with Nonfunctional Ovarian Cysts.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 8;2018:7821574. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic performance among CA-125, RMI, HE4, and ROMA for cancer detection in women with nonfunctional ovarian cysts at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital (KCMH). Secondary objective is to reconsider the proper cutoff value of HE4.

Methods: This is a prospective analytic study in women with nonfunctional ovarian cysts larger than 3 cm who scheduled for surgery at KCMH during 3 June 2015 to 31 May 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7821574DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196978PMC
October 2018
1 Read

The Experience of Women with Obstetric Fistula following Corrective Surgery: A Qualitative Study in Benadir and Mudug Regions, Somalia.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 27;2018:5250843. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Obstetric fistula is a severe maternal morbidity which can have devastating consequences for a woman's life and is generally associated with poor obstetric services leading to prolonged obstructed labour. The predisposing factors and consequences of obstetric fistula differ from country to country and from community to community. The World Health Organization estimated that more than 2 million women in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, the Arab region, Latin America, and the Caribbean are living with the fistula, and some 50,000 to 100,000 new cases develop annually with 30,000-90,000 new cases developing each year in Africa alone. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/5250843/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5250843DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180917PMC
September 2018
27 Reads

Perceptions and Practice of Labor Pain-Relief Methods among Health Professionals Conducting Delivery in Minia Maternity Units in Egypt.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 26;2018:3060953. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Egypt.

Introduction: In low-resource settings (LRSs), pain relief during labor is often neglected. Women and health professionals (HPs) may lack awareness of analgesic options, may not accept these options, or may have concerns regarding their safety. Furthermore, even if women or HPs preferred labor analgesia, options may not be available at the hospital. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/3060953/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3060953DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178152PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Placental Peripartum Pathologies in Women with Preeclampsia and Eclampsia.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 20;2018:9462938. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Histopathology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Nigeria.

Objective: To determine the pattern of pathological changes in placentas of preeclamptic/eclamptic parturients and its correlation with the clinical severity as well as the perinatal outcome.

Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study of placental pathologies in preeclamptic/eclamptic patients was performed in a blinded pattern and compared with matched normal controls. Data were analyzed using Epi-Info 2008 version 3. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/9462938/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9462938DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171203PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Factors Associated with Management Outcome of Incomplete Abortion in Yirgalem General Hospital, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 20;2018:3958681. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Each year, several millions of women who underwent abortion also bear several consequences, including infection, massive blood loss, chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and death. Poor treatment outcomes also cause disability and death. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with management outcomes of incomplete abortion in Yirgalem General Hospital. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/3958681/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3958681DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171250PMC
September 2018
21 Reads

Treatment Outcomes of Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Vulva: The Largest Series from a Tertiary Care Hospital.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 3;2018:4723167. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA) of the vulva treated at our tertiary care center.

Methods: The medical records of SCCA patients treated between January 2006 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: One hundred forty-five patients met the criteria with the median age of 57 years old, and 58. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/4723167/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4723167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6140126PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Acceptable Postvoid Residual Urine Volume after Vaginal Delivery and Its Association with Various Obstetric Parameters.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 6;2018:5971795. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, UKM Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Urinary retention and voiding dysfunction is a distressing event and relatively common in immediate postpartum period. This study aims at investigating the range of postvoid residual urine volume after vaginal delivery and its association with various obstetric parameters.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study of women who delivered vaginally in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre from March 2017 to September 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5971795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109527PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Knowledge and Attitude on Obstetric Effects of Female Genital Mutilation among Maasai Women in Maternity Ward at Loitokitok Sub-County Hospital, Kenya.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:8418234. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

School of Nursing Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19676-00202, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is one of the most harmful traditions still practiced in many parts of the developing world, including Kenya. The practice leads to permanent and irreversible health damages; however, knowledge and attitude of women towards its obstetric effects is scarce.

Aim: The objective of this study was to determine knowledge and attitude of women towards obstetric effects of FGM among Maasai women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8418234DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6093056PMC
August 2018
13 Reads

Feasibility and Compatibility of Minilaparotomy Hysterectomy in a Low-Resource Setting.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:8354272. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Introduction: Minilaparotomy hysterectomy (MLH) relies on the simplicity of the traditional open technique of abdominal hysterectomy, imparts cosmesis and faster recovery of laparoscopic hysterectomy yet avoids the long learning curve and cost of expensive setup and instrumentation associated with the minimally invasive approaches, namely, laparoscopy and robotics. In the present study, we tried to ascertain whether the results obtained with MLH can be compared to LAVH in terms of its feasibility, intraoperative variables, and complications. The null hypothesis was that both MLH and LAVH are comparable techniques; thus, where cost and surgeon's experience are the confining issues, patients can be reassured that MLH gives comparable results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8354272DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6093000PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Corrigendum to "Umbilical Cord Hematoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature".

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:1405281. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria S. Anna, University of Ferrara, Via Aldo Moro 8, 44121 Cona, Ferrara, Italy.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/2610980.]. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/1405281/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1405281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6093059PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

A Qualitative Study on the Pathways to Evidence-Based Antenatal Care in Periurban Ghana.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 12;2018:4381708. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Maternal health care has become a major concern on international fora in the 21st century. Even though major interventions have been taken to scale up maternal health care locally, nationally, and globally, adequate utilisation has not been achieved due to system-induced setbacks, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The study explored the facilitators and barriers to antenatal care use in periurban Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4381708DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081534PMC
July 2018
14 Reads

Management of Menstrual Disorder in Adolescent Girls with Intellectual Disabilities: A Blessing or a Curse?

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 11;2018:9795681. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objective: This study aims to describe the menstrual pattern and menstrual care of girls with intellectual disabilities and to evaluate the impact of menstruation and awareness of parents/guardians on girls with intellectual disabilities.

Methodology: Parents/guardians of girls aged 9-17 years with known intellectual disabilities who attended a scheduled public forum and Paediatrics and Adolescent Gynaecology Clinic (PAC) were recruited in a questionnaire-based study.

Results: A total of 123 parents/guardians with a mean age of 41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9795681DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079347PMC

Effects of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Cytokine, Toll-Like Receptor, and Progesterone Receptor Genes on Risk of Miscarriage.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 17;2018:9272749. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

National Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Spontaneous abortion is a complex, multifactorial pathology, where various genetic, neural, endocrine, and immunological factors are involved. Cytokines, Toll-like receptors, and progesterone receptors play critical roles in embryonic implantation and development. A delicate, stage-specific equilibrium of these proteins is required for successful pregnancy outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9272749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079348PMC
July 2018
11 Reads

Female Genital Mutilation: Health Consequences and Complications-A Short Literature Review.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 10;2018:7365715. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure performed on women in developing countries and is underreported; it involves cutting or altering the female genitalia. The health consequences of FGM include bacterial and viral infections, obstetrical complications, and psychological problems. In this study, we report FGM societal importance, ramifications, classifications, cultural significance, prevalence, complications, implications, and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7365715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079349PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Caesarean Section Rates and Activity-Based Funding in Northern Norway: A Model-Based Study Using the World Health Organization's Recommendation.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 16;2018:6764258. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Obstetrics, University Hospital of North Norway, Harstad, Norway.

Objective: Caesarean section (CS) rates vary significantly worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended a maximum CS rate of 15%. Norwegian hospitals are paid per CS (activity-based funding), employing the diagnosis-related group (DRG) system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6764258DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079324PMC

Maternal Satisfaction on Delivery Service among Postnatal Mothers in a Government Hospital, Mid-Western Nepal.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 24;2018:4530161. Epub 2018 Jun 24.

LNGO: Unity for Sustainable Community Development (USCD), Bhairahawa, Nepal.

Background: Maternal satisfaction is one of the most frequently reported outcome measures for quality of care, and it needs to be addressed to improve the quality and efficiency of health care during pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium to provide quality maternal-friendly services.

Objective: To find out the maternal satisfaction on delivery service among postnatal mothers in a government hospital, Mid-Western Nepal.

Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in maternity ward of Bheri Zonal Hospital, Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4530161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6035828PMC

Changes in Uterine Cancer Incidence Rates in Egypt.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 14;2018:3632067. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, School of Medicine, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Uterine cancer is one of the top-ranking cancers in women with wide international variations in incidence rates. Developed countries have higher incidence rates than the developing countries. Egypt has significantly lower incidence of uterine cancer than other countries in the Middle East. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3632067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6022259PMC
June 2018
12 Reads

Fertility Outcomes following Laparoscopy-Assisted Hysteroscopic Fallopian Tube Cannulation: A Preliminary Study.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 6;2018:7060459. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Asokoro District Hospital, FCT Abuja, Nigeria.

Objectives: To determine fertility outcomes following laparoscopy-guided hysteroscopic tubal cannulation for cornual obstruction.

Study Design: A prospective cohort study in Life Institute for Endoscopy at Life Specialist Hospital Nnewi, Southeast Nigeria. Patients with unilateral or bilateral cornual tubal obstruction as the only cause of infertility were included. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/7060459/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7060459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011055PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Advanced Gynecologic Cancers: An Updated Review from a Multidisciplinary Perspective.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 17;2018:1867238. Epub 2018 May 17.

Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre/University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is a major complication in women with advanced gynecologic cancers which imposes a significant burden on patients, caregivers, and healthcare systems. Symptoms of MBO are challenging to palliate and result in progressive decompensation of already vulnerable patients with limited therapeutic options and a short prognosis. However, there is a paucity of guidelines or innovative approaches to improve the care of women who develop MBO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1867238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985138PMC
May 2018
8 Reads

Treatment of Rectovaginal Fistula Using Sphincteroplasty and Fistulectomy.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 6;2018:5298214. Epub 2018 May 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: To assess the results of the treatment of rectovaginal fistulas with incontinence and impaired anal tonus.

Materials And Methods: This study comprised three rectovaginal fistula groups that were treated using sphincteroplasty and fistulectomy: group 1: eight women with simple rectovaginal fistula due to birth trauma; group 2: six rectovaginal fistula cases that were associated with chronic inflammatory diseases; and group 3: five cases with at least one failed repair attempt. In the second step, operations that took place before the year 2000 were compared to the operations that took place after the year 2000 in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5298214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5960505PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hydatidiform Mole among Patients Undergoing Uterine Evacuation at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:9561413. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Objective: We sought to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with hydatidiform molar gestations amongst patients undergoing uterine evacuation at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH), Mbarara, Uganda.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out from November 2016 to February 2017. All patients admitted for uterine evacuation for nonviable pregnancy were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9561413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5901474PMC
April 2018
23 Reads

Effect of Japanese Kampo Medicine Therapy for Menopausal Symptoms after Treatment of Gynecological Malignancy.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 2;2018:9475919. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Loss of ovarian function by the treatment for gynecological malignancy results in a drastic decrease of estrogen causing physical and mental symptoms. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Japanese Kampo Kamikihito (KKT) and Kamishoyosan (KSS) on menopausal symptoms in gynecological cancer patients. Patients who had menopausal symptoms after gynecologic malignancy treatment were enrolled and randomly divided into a KKT or a KSS group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9475919DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5901479PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Cancer Antigen 125 during Pregnancy in Women without Ovarian Tumor Is Not Often Rising.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:8141583. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

Objective: To determine the percentage of rising serum cancer antigen (CA-125) in singleton pregnant women whose ultrasonographical findings were normal.

Methods: Singleton pregnant women who received antenatal care at our institute with a normal ultrasonographical examination in their first and/or second trimester were invited to participate in blood testing for CA-125. The conditions that might affect the CA-125 level were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8141583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5902053PMC
April 2018
6 Reads

Comparison of Postoperative Short-Term Outcomes between Tension-Free Vaginal Mesh Surgery Using the Capio™ SLIM Suture Capturing Device and Conventional TVM Surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:7918071. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shimane University School of Medicine, Izumo, Shimane 693-8501, Japan.

Aim: We compared the short-term effectiveness of tension-free vaginal mesh (TVM) surgery using the Capio SLIM suture capturing device and conventional TVM surgery for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.

Methods: We retrospectively compared postoperative pain, urinary function, and length of hospital stay between 7 patients who underwent TVM surgery using the Capio device and 9 patients who underwent conventional TVM surgery.

Results: There was no significant between-group difference in mean age between the Capio TVM group and the conventional TVM group (76. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/7918071/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7918071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5901948PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Umbilical Cord Hematoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 26;2018:2610980. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Section of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria S. Anna, University of Ferrara, Via Aldo Moro 8, 44121 Cona, Ferrara, Italy.

Objectives: To deepen the knowledge in obstetrics on a very rare pregnancy complication: umbilical cord hematoma.

Methods: A review of the case reports described in the last ten years in the literature was conducted in order to evaluate epidemiology, predisposing factors, potential outcomes, prenatal diagnosis, and clinical management.

Results: Spontaneous umbilical cord hematoma is a rare complication of pregnancy which represents a serious cause of fetal morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2610980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5892214PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Innovative Training Approach for Nurse-Midwives in High Prevalent Settings.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 15;2018:5043512. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Africa Coordinating Centre for Abandonment of FGM/C, Kenyatta National Hospital, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19676-00202, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has no medical benefits and is associated with serious health complications. FGM/C including medicalization is illegal in Kenya. Capacity building for nurse-midwives to manage and prevent FGM/C is therefore critical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5043512DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875060PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Integration of Family Planning Counselling to Mass Screening Campaign for Cervical Cancer: Experience from Guinea.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 11;2018:3712948. Epub 2018 Mar 11.

Regional Francophone Center for Training in the Prevention of Gynecological Cancers (CERFFO-PCG), Conakry, Guinea.

Aim: To assess feasibility of integrating family planning counselling into mass screening for cervical cancer in Guinea.

Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted over a month in Guinea regional capital cities. The targeted population comprised women aged 15 to 49 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3712948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5866874PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Evaluating the Agreement of Risk Categorization for Fetal Down Syndrome Screening between Ultrasound-Based Gestational Age and Menstrual-Based Gestational Age by Maternal Serum Markers.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 8;2018:9687042. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Objective: To evaluate the agreement of risk categorization for Down syndrome screening between ultrasound scan-based gestational age (GA) and last menstrual period-based gestational age in both first and second trimesters by maternal serum markers.

Methods: Data comprising 4,055 and 4,016 cases of first and second trimester screening were used. The maternal serum markers were analyzed using the ultrasound-based GA and menstrual age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9687042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5863288PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Are There Differences in the Anthropometric, Hemodynamic, Hematologic, and Biochemical Profiles between Late- and Early-Onset Preeclampsia?

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:9628726. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Institute of Genetics and Biochemistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.

Preeclampsia (PE) is classified as early-onset PE (EOPE) and late-onset PE (LOPE) when present before or after 34 weeks of gestation, respectively. This transversal study aimed to investigate the differences and possible associations existing in the anthropometric, hemodynamic, hematologic, and biochemical profiles of late- and early-onset preeclampsia. The study included 65 volunteers admitted to a tertiary hospital in Brazil: 29 normotensive and 36 with preeclampsia (13 with EOPE and 23 with LOPE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9628726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5852893PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Association between Prior Infection and Ectopic Pregnancy at a Tertiary Care Hospital in South Western Uganda.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:4827353. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda.

Background: Increase in the number of ectopic pregnancy is attributed to increase in the incidence of pelvic infections. is responsible for most of the sexually transmitted bacterial infections. If undetected and untreated, the infection can ascend to the upper genital tract and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and related sequelae (ectopic pregnancy and tubal factor infertility). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4827353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5852882PMC
March 2018
19 Reads

White Matter Damage in 4,725 Term-Born Infants Is Determined by Head Circumference at Birth: The Missing Link.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 28;2018:2120835. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Klinikum Wilhelmshaven, Friedrich-Paffrath-Straße 100, 26389 Wilhelmshaven, Germany.

Background: White matter damage (WMD) is a prime risk factor for cerebral palsy, in part occurring unexplained. Though primarily a problem of preterm infants, there is growing evidence that in large newborns cephalopelvic disproportion and prolonged labor are involved.

Objective: To explore both incidence of and morphometric risk factors for WMD in term-born infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2120835DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5851296PMC
February 2018
3 Reads

Comparison of the Screening Tests for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus between "One-Step" and "Two-Step" Methods among Thai Pregnant Women.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 8;2018:1521794. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Objective: To compare the prevalence and pregnancy outcomes of GDM between those screened by the "one-step" (75 gm GTT) and "two-step" (100 gm GTT) methods.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted on singleton pregnancies at low or average risk of GDM. All were screened between 24 and 28 weeks, using the one-step or two-step method based on patients' preference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1521794DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5822918PMC
February 2018
3 Reads

Behaviour of the Foramen Ovale Flow in Fetuses with Intrauterine Growth Restriction.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 17;2018:1496903. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Unidade de Cardiologia Fetal, Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Background: Foramen ovale (FO) flow may be altered in IUGR. This study was designed to test this hypothesis.

Methods: Forty pregnant women (24-38 weeks) were divided into 3 groups: group I (IUGR), group II (adequate growth and maternal hypertension), and group III (normal controls). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1496903DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5822859PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Pelvic Ultrasound Findings in Women with Obstetric Fistula: A Cross-Sectional Study of Cases and Controls.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 10;2018:7409131. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

University of North Carolina, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 101 Manning Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7570, USA.

Objective: Obstetric fistula (OF) is a morbid condition caused by prolonged obstructed labor. Women with OF experience profound injury and have high rates of infertility and poor obstetric outcomes. We examined endovaginal ultrasound parameters in women with and without OF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7409131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5818893PMC
January 2018
15 Reads

Laparoscopic Management of Adhesions Developed after Peritoneal Nonclosure in Primary Cesarean Section Delivery.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:6901764. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Microbiology and Immunology Department, Fayoum University College of Medicine, Faiyum, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of the current study was to laparoscopically investigate the effects of peritoneal nonclosure on the sites, types, and degrees of adhesions developed after primary caesarean section (CS) in women complaining of secondary infertility after first CS delivery.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study, where 250 women suffering from secondary infertility after their first CS had been recruited. They had been classified into group I ( = 89), where both the visceral and parietal peritoneum had been left opened; group II ( = 75), where only the parietal peritoneum had been closed; and group III ( = 86), where both peritoneal layers had been closed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6901764DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5816863PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Patient Satisfaction and Associated Factors among Clients Admitted to Obstetrics and Gynecology Wards of Public Hospitals in Mekelle Town, Ethiopia: An Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2018 1;2018:2475059. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Midwifery, Arba Minch College of Health Sciences, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Background: To improve the quality of services, satisfying patients is the primary goal of the Ethiopian reform programme.

Objectives: To assess patient satisfaction and associated factors among clients admitted to obstetrics and gynecology wards of public hospitals in Mekelle town. : Institution-based cross-sectional study design was conducted on 413 participants using systematic sampling methods. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2018/2475059/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2475059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5816865PMC
February 2018
6 Reads

Predictors of Women's Satisfaction with Hospital-Based Intrapartum Care in Asmara Public Hospitals, Eritrea.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2017 28;2017:3717408. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Ministry of Health, Asmara, Eritrea.

Background: Exploring patient satisfaction contributes to provide quality maternity care, but there is paucity of epidemiologic data in Eritrea.

Objectives: To determine the predictors of women's satisfaction with intrapartum care in Asmara public maternity hospitals in Eritrea.

Methods: A cross-sectional study among 771 mothers who gave birth in three public Hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/3717408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5763131PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Postpartum Vaginal Blood Loss following Two Different Methods of Cervical Ripening.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2017 19;2017:1678265. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.

Eighty women undergoing induction of labor at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital were recruited and randomly allocated into two treatment groups (40 each), to receive either serial 50 g doses of misoprostol or intracervical Foley catheter. Vaginal blood loss was collected and measured using an under buttocks plastic collection bag and by perineal pad weighing up to 6 hours postpartum. There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1678265DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5749290PMC
December 2017
8 Reads

Associated Factors and Outcome of Uterine Rupture at Suhul General Hospital, Shire Town, North West Tigray, Ethiopia 2016: A Case-Control Study.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2017 18;2017:8272786. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Health Informatics Department, Debre Markos University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Uterine rupture is tearing of the uterine wall during pregnancy or delivery. It may extend to partial or whole thickness of the uterine wall. It is usually a case where obstetric care is poor. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2017/8272786/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8272786DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5748301PMC
December 2017
15 Reads

The Effects of Vitamin D Supplement on Prevention of Recurrence of Preeclampsia in Pregnant Women with a History of Preeclampsia.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2017 17;2017:8249264. Epub 2017 Aug 17.

East Azerbaijan ACECR Medical Center, Tabriz, Iran.

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome. One of the hypotheses concerning the etiology of preeclampsia is vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy.

Method And Materials: The present study is a randomized controlled clinical trial which aims to determine the effect of vitamin D supplement on reducing the probability of recurrent preeclampsia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2017/8249264/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8249264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5585545PMC
August 2017
17 Reads

Effect of Increased Endometrial Thickness and Implantation Rate by Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor on Unresponsive Thin Endometrium in Fresh In Vitro Fertilization Cycles: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2017 16;2017:3596079. Epub 2017 Jul 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

Background: The correlation between endometrial thickness and receptivity has been mentioned in various studies. This study investigated the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in treating thin endometrium of infertile women who were chosen for in vitro fertilization in our infertility clinic in 2014 and 2015.

Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 28 women who were chosen for in vitro fertilization and had endometrial thickness of less than 6 mm on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injection were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/3596079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5534287PMC
July 2017
40 Reads

Relying on Visiting Foreign Doctors for Fistula Repair: The Profile of Women Attending Fistula Repair Surgery in Somalia.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2017 6;2017:6069124. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Norwegian Center for Minority Health Research, Oslo, Norway.

Obstetric fistula is treatable by surgery, although access is usually limited, particularly in the context of conflict. This study examines the profile of women attending fistula repair surgery in three hospitals in Somalia. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Somalia from August to September 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6069124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5518510PMC
July 2017
15 Reads

The Prevalence and Risk Factors for Low Birth Weight among Term Newborns in Adwa General Hospital, Northern Ethiopia.

Obstet Gynecol Int 2017 4;2017:2149156. Epub 2017 Jul 4.

Midwifery Department, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.

World health organization estimates that 25 million LBW babies are born annually worldwide and 95% occur in developing countries. . To assess the prevalence and associated factors of low birth weight among term neonates delivered in Adwa Hospital, Northern Ethiopia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2017/2149156/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2149156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5514323PMC
July 2017
75 Reads