292,633 results match your criteria Obstetrics and Gynecology International [Journal]


Diagnostic leukapheresis for CTC analysis in breast cancer patients: CTC frequency, clinical experiences and recommendations for standardized reporting.

Cytometry A 2018 Dec;93(12):1213-1219

Faculty of the Heinrich-Heine, General, Visceral and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital and Medical Faculty, University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Diagnostic leukapheresis (DLA) is based on continuous centrifugation that collects mononuclear cells from peripheral blood with a density of 1.055-1.08 g/ml. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Antenatal Depression with Clinical Subtypes of Preterm Birth.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective:  To estimate the association between antenatal depression and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) relative to medically indicated preterm birth (MPTB).

Study Design:  This was a secondary analysis of a nested case-control study of preterm birth (PTB). The exposure was a clinical diagnosis of antenatal depression. Read More

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December 2018

Cardiovascular and Metabolic Risk in Women in the First Year Postpartum: Allostatic Load as a Function of Race, Ethnicity, and Poverty Status.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.

Objective:  Allostatic load (AL) represents multisystem physiological "wear-and-tear" reflecting emerging chronic disease risk. We assessed AL during the first year postpartum in a diverse community sample with known health disparities.

Methods:  The Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Community Child Health Network enrolled 2,448 predominantly low-income African-American, Latina, and White women immediately after delivery of liveborn infants at ≥20 weeks' gestation, following them over time with interviews, clinical measures, and biomarkers. Read More

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December 2018

Associations between Maternal Exposure to Bisphenol A or Triclosan and Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: The MIREC Study.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Research Center, CHU Sainte-Justine, Mother and Child University Hospital Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background:  Little is known about the association between bisphenol A (BPA) or triclosan (TCS) exposure and hypertension in pregnancy.

Objective:  To investigate potential associations between maternal urinary concentrations of BPA or TCS and gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia.

Study Design:  Among 1,909 pregnant women participating in the maternal-infant research on environmental chemicals (MIREC) study, urinary concentrations of BPA and TCS were measured in the first trimester by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using isotope dilution. Read More

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December 2018

Accuracy of Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Cardiac MalformationsAcurácia do diagnóstico pré-natal de cardiopatias congênitas.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Postgraduate Program and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective:  To evaluate the accuracy of the diagnosis of fetal heart diseases obtained through ultrasound examinations performed during the prenatal period compared with the postnatal evaluation.

Methods:  A retrospective cohort study with 96 pregnant women who were attended at the Echocardiography Service and whose deliveries occurred at the Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Risk factor assessment plus sensitivity and specificity analysis were used, comparing the accuracy of the screening for congenital heart disease by means of obstetrical ultrasound and morphological evaluation and fetal echocardiography, considering  < 0. Read More

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December 2018

Menthol cigarettes, tobacco dependence, and smoking persistence: The need to examine enhanced cognitive functioning as a neuropsychological mechanism.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Introduction: Despite the overall decline in the prevalence of cigarette use in the United States, menthol cigarette use among smokers is rising, and evidence shows that it may lead to more detrimental effects on public health than regular cigarette use. One of the mechanisms by which nicotine sustains tobacco use and dependence is due to its cognitive enhancing properties, and basic science literature suggests that menthol may also enhance nicotine's acute effect on cognition.

Aims And Methods: The purpose of this review is to suggest that the cognitive enhancing effects of menthol may be a potentially important neuropsychological mechanism that has yet to be examined. Read More

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December 2018

Calreticulin regulates syncytialization through control of the synthesis and transportation of E-cadherin in BeWo cells.

Endocrinology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wakayama Medical University.

During placental development, mononuclear cytotrophoblasts differentiate and fuse to syncytiotrophoblasts (STB) to form syncytia, which secrete human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Decreased maternal perfusion of the placenta, which leads to placental dysfunction, induces changes in trophoblast syncytialization. Our previous study showed that calreticulin (CRT), a Ca2+-binding molecular chaperone found in the endoplasmic reticulum, is expressed in the human placenta and is involved in regulating extravillous trophoblast invasion, although its role in villous trophoblasts remains unclear. Read More

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December 2018

New Year's Resolutions-New Year Reviewers-New Year of Review.

Endocrinology 2019 Jan;160(1):36-37

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

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January 2019

Predicting peripartum blood transfusion in women undergoing cesarean delivery: A risk prediction model.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208417. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Surgery, George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States of America.

Objective: There has been an appreciable rise in postpartum hemorrhage requiring blood transfusions in the United States. Our objective is to better define patients at greatest risk for peripartum transfusion at the time of cesarean in order to identify cases for early intervention and monitoring.

Methods: Our study is a secondary analysis of a retrospective cohort study. Read More

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December 2018

Expressions of homeobox, collagen and estrogen genes in women with uterine prolapse.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Nov 29;233:26-29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Ankara University, School of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Genetic contribution is thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We aimed to study the gene expression profiles of the genes HomeoboxA11 (HOXA11), HomeoboxA13 (HOXA13), Collagen Type I (COL1A), Collagen Type III (COL3A), estrogen receptor genes (ESR1 and ESR2) of round (RL) and uterosacral ligaments (USL) in postmenopausal women with uterine prolapse.

Study Design: Gene expressions of 32 postmenopausal women with prolapse were analysed according to gene expressions of 8 postmenopausal women without prolapse. Read More

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November 2018

FTY720 inhibits the activation of pancreatic stellate cells by promoting apoptosis and suppressing autophagy via the AMPK/mTOR pathway.

Life Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Institute of Acute Abdominal Diseases of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Tianjin Nankai Hospital, Tianjin 300100, China; Nankai Clinical College, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300107, China. Electronic address:

Aims: Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) play a critical role in the development of pancreatic fibrosis. Any agents that can affect PSC activation could become potential candidates for treating pancreatic fibrosis. FTY720 can attenuate chronic pancreatic fibrosis by suppressing T-cell infiltration, but its effect on PSCs remains unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Vaginal dysbiosis, and the risk of human papillomavirus and cervical cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Objective: The vaginal microbiota proposedly influence the association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. Our aim was to assess if vaginal dysbiosis affects human papilloma virus acquistion, persistence, and progression to related cervical pre-malignancy.

Data Soruces: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science (inception until June 2018). Read More

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December 2018

Reply.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas.

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December 2018

Optimal time of delivery to reduce the risk of infant mortality in small and normally grown fetuses: A national cohort study in Korea.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209308. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To examine the competing risks of stillbirth versus infant death and to evaluate the optimal time of delivery in the population of small for gestational age (SGA) and non-SGA late preterm and term fetuses.

Methods: This was a retrospective national cohort study of all singleton births between 34 0/7 and 42 6/7 weeks of gestation using the Korean vital statistics (n = 2,106,159). We compared the risk of infant mortality with a composite of fetal-infant mortality risk that would occur after expectant management for one additional week and evaluated the optimal time of delivery, in SGA and non-SGA pregnancies. Read More

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December 2018

Guidelines to Aid in the Distinction of Endometrial and Endocervical Carcinomas, and the Distinction of Independent Primary Carcinomas of the Endometrium and Adnexa From Metastatic Spread Between These and Other Sites.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2019 Jan;38 Suppl 1:S75-S92

Department of Histopathology, King Edward Memorial Hospital and School for Women's and Infants' Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (C.J.R.S.) Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital (C.P.C.) Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School (E.O.), Boston, Massachusetts Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK (W.G.M.) Department of Pathology, Memorial-Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (K.J.P.) Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (J.K.R.) Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (A.M.) Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (V.P.) Pathological Oncology Group and Pathology Department, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, Spain (X.M.-G.) Departments of Pathology and Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland (B.M.R.).

In most cases of suspected endometrial neoplasia tumor origin can be correctly assigned according to a combination of clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features, even when the latter are based upon the examination of relatively small biopsy samples. However there are well-recognized exceptions to this rule which continue to create diagnostic difficulty, and sometimes difficulties persist even after the detailed examination of resection specimens. Among the most common problems encountered in practice are the distinction of primary endometrial and primary endocervical adenocarcinomas, and the determination of tumor origin when there is synchronous, multifocal involvement of gynecologic tract sites, for example the endometrium and the ovary. Read More

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January 2019

Endometrial Carcinoma Diagnosis: Use of FIGO Grading and Genomic Subcategories in Clinical Practice: Recommendations of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2019 Jan;38 Suppl 1:S64-S74

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York (R.A.S, K.J.P.) Department of Pathology, Stony Brook Hospital, SUNY, Stony Brook (C.T.), New York Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (A.M.) Pathology Department, University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova and University Hospital of Bellvitge, Biomedical Research Institute, and Bellvitge Biomedical Institute, University of Lleida, CIBERONC, Spain (X.M.-G.) Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (E.O.) Department of Pathology, Yale School of Medicine and the Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut (V.P.) Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institutet and Department of Pathology and Cytology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden (J.C.) Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK (W.G.M.) Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Vancouver General Hospital and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada (C.B.G.).

In this review, we sought to address 2 important issues in the diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma: how to grade endometrial endometrioid carcinomas and how to incorporate the 4 genomic subcategories of endometrial carcinoma, as identified through The Cancer Genome Atlas, into clinical practice. The current International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics grading scheme provides prognostic information that can be used to guide the extent of surgery and use of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy. We recommend moving toward a binary scheme to grade endometrial endometrioid carcinomas by considering International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics defined grades 1 and 2 tumors as "low grade" and grade 3 tumors as "high grade. Read More

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January 2019

High-grade Endometrial Carcinomas: Morphologic and Immunohistochemical Features, Diagnostic Challenges and Recommendations.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2019 Jan;38 Suppl 1:S40-S63

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (R.M., R.A.S.) New York University Medical Center and School of Medicine, Tisch Hospital (K.M.), New York Department of Pathology, University Hospital, Stony Brook School of Medicine, Stony Brook (C.T.), New York Department of Pathology, Oslo University Hospital, Norwegian Radium Hospital; Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (B.D.) Department of Pathology, University of California San Diego, San Diego (O.F.) Department of Pathology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (J.K.L.R.), California Department of Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (J.A.C.) Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School (C.P.C.) Department of Pathology, Massachussetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School (E.O.), Boston, Massachussetts Department of Pathology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver (C.B.G., J.A.I.) Department of Laboratory Medicine, Pathology and Medical Genetics, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria (J.A.I.), BC, Canada Department of Pathology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (A.M.) Department of Pathology, Hospital University Arnau de Vilanova; and Department of Pathology, Hospital University de Bellvitge, IRBLLEIDA, IDIBELL, University of Lleida, CIBERONC, Barcelona, Spain (X.M.-G.) Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK (W.G.M.) Department of Pathology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale School of Medicine and Yale School of Publich Health, New Haven, Connecticut (V.P.) Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland (P.N.S.) Department of Pathology, KEMH and School for Women's and Infants' Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia (C.J.R.S.).

This review of challenging diagnostic issues concerning high-grade endometrial carcinomas is derived from the authors' review of the literature followed by discussions at the Endometrial Cancer Workshop sponsored by the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists in 2016. Recommendations presented are evidence-based, insofar as this is possible, given that the levels of evidence are weak or moderate due to small sample sizes and nonuniform diagnostic criteria used in many studies. High-grade endometrioid carcinomas include FIGO grade 3 endometrioid carcinomas, serous carcinomas, clear cell carcinomas, undifferentiated carcinomas, and carcinosarcomas. Read More

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January 2019

Current Practices in the Processing, Diagnosis, and Reporting of Endometrial Carcinoma: Results of a Web-based Survey by the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists (ISGyP).

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2019 Jan;38 Suppl 1:S3-S8

Department of Pathology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale School of Medicine and the Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut (V.P.) Department of Pathology, Hospital University Arnau de Vilanova and University de Bellvitge, Irblleida, Idibell, University of Lleida, Ciberonc, Lleida, Spain (X.M.G.) Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (E.O.) Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (A.M.) Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK (W.G.M.).

There have been significant advances in our understanding of the biology and classification of endometrial carcinoma, over the last few years, and the new prediction models proposed for prognostication. To accurately diagnose and stage tumors and apply these prediction models, it is necessary that there be standardized processing of specimens, and a common understanding and usage of the diagnostic terminology of endometrial carcinoma. The International Society of Gynecological Pathologists embarked on an ambitious project to achieve this goal in 2015. Read More

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January 2019

The International Society of Gynecological Pathologists (ISGyP) Endometrial Carcinoma Project.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2019 Jan;38 Suppl 1:S1-S2

Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK (W.G.M.) Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (A.M.) Departments of Pathology, Hospital University Arnau de Vilanova and, Hospital University de Bellvitge, IRBLLEIDA, Idibell, University of Lleida, CIBERONC, Barcelona, Spain (X.M.-G.) James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (E.O.) Department of Pathology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale School of Medicine and Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut (V.P.).

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January 2019

Psychometric Evaluation of an Instrument to Measure Prospective Pregnancy Preferences: The Desire to Avoid Pregnancy Scale.

Med Care 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco.

Background: Existing approaches to measuring women's pregnancy intentions suffer important limitations, including retrospective assessment, overly simple categories, and a presumption that all women plan pregnancies. No psychometrically valid scales exist to prospectively measure the ranges of women's pregnancy preferences.

Materials And Methods: Using a rigorous construct modeling approach, we developed a scale to measure desire to avoid pregnancy. Read More

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December 2018
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Obstetric and Pediatric Provider Perspectives on Mandatory Reporting of Prenatal Substance Use.

J Addict Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (MJ); University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (SM, CH); Magee-Womens Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh (JCC); Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (JCC).

Objective: In many states, health care providers are legally required to report pregnant women who use substances, or infants affected by prenatal substance use, to child welfare authorities. The objective of this study was to characterize obstetric and pediatric providers' perceptions of and experiences with policies requiring mandatory reporting of prenatal substance use to child welfare authorities.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative interview study among 20 obstetric and pediatric providers to elicit participants' perspectives about and experience with current policy requiring mandatory reporting of prenatal substance use. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical and Sonographic Findings in Suspected Retained Trophoblast: Correlation with Histological Findings.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):761-764

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel, affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Different clinical and sonographic parameters have been suggested to identify patients with retained products of conception. In suspected cases, the main treatment is hysteroscopic removal.

Objectives: To compare clinical, sonographic, and intraoperative findings in cases of hysteroscopy for retained products of conception, according to histology. Read More

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December 2018

A homozygous MITF mutation leads to familial Waardenburg syndrome type 4.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, The Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a genetic disorder characterized by hearing loss and pigmentary abnormalities with variable penetrance. Though heterozygous mutations in MITF are a major cause for Waardenburg syndrome type 2 (WS2), homozygous mutations in this gene and the associated phenotype have been rarely characterized. In this study, we identified a novel p. Read More

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December 2018
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High risk of spontaneous preterm birth among infants with gastroschisis.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

California Preterm Birth Initiative, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

We examined the association between gastroschisis and preterm birth (PTB, <37 weeks) by subtype. The sample was drawn from singleton live births in California from 2007 to 2012 contained in a birth cohort file maintained by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (n = 2,891,965; 1,421 with gastroschisis). Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for PTB by gestational age (<34, 34-36, and any <37 weeks) and by type (spontaneous labor with intact membranes, preterm premature rupture of the membranes [PPROM], provider initiated) and were adjusted for maternal characteristics. Read More

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December 2018

In-utero treatment of a large symptomatic rhabdomyoma with sirolimus.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fetal Medicine Unit, Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

A healthy 27-year-old woman was referred to our hospital at 21 weeks gestation. Fetal echocardiography revealed multiple cardiac rhabdomyomas, with the largest lesion in the left ventricle measuring 10x5mm. This article is protected by copyright. Read More

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December 2018

Systematic review and meta-analysis on the role of prenatal magnetic resonance imaging in the era of fetal neurosonography: mild and moderate ventriculomegaly.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Women´s Health and Perinatology Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Objectives: To report the rate of additional anomalies detected exclusively on prenatal MRI in fetuses affected by isolated mild or moderate ventriculomegaly (VM) according to the type of ultrasound protocol adopted (dedicated neurosonography vs standard assessment of fetal brain) and to explore whether the diagnostic performance of fetal MRI in detecting such anomalies is affected by gestational age at scan and laterality of ventricular dilatation.

Methods: The primary aim was to report the rate of additional anomalies detected exclusively on prenatal MRI in fetuses affected by isolated mild and moderate VM (ventricular dilatation between 10-15 mm) undergoing compared to those not undergoing dedicated neurosonography, defined as a detail assessment of fetal brain according to the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology guidelines. Medline, Embase, Cinahl and Clinicaltrials. Read More

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December 2018

Safe and easy technique for the laparoscopic application of Seprafilm® in gynecologic surgery.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgery, and the rate of postoperative adhesions is low. Although Seprafilm® helps to reduce adhesions, its application in the abdominal cavity during laparoscopic surgery is difficult because of its material. Therefore, we propose an easy method for applying this adhesion barrier. Read More

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December 2018

Preconception management of women with obesity: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine (Austin Health), University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Heights, Victoria, Australia.

The prevalence of women of child-bearing age with obesity continues to rise at an alarming rate. This has significant implications for both the short-term and long-term health of mother and offspring. Given the paucity of evidence-based literature in this field, the preconception management of women with obesity is highly variable both between institutions and around the world. Read More

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December 2018

History-indicated cervical cerclage in the management of twin pregnancy.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objectives: Cervical cerclage when performed in twin gestation has been reported to be associated with poor outcome. However, the role of first-trimester history-indicated cerclage among women with twin pregnancy and a prior history of preterm birth has not been studied. We aimed to assess pregnancy outcomes among women with twin pregnancy who underwent first-trimester history-indicated cervical cerclage compared to expectant management. Read More

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December 2018
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Differential gene expression profile in monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells at maternal-fetal interface in a mouse model of spontaneous abortion.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Abstractbackground: Monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MO-MDSCs) play an important role in maintaining normal pregnancy. However, it is still not clear what kind of changes in MO-MDSCs may lead to miscarriage, and which gene expression changes take place when MO-MDSCs migrate to the uterus as bone marrow-derived cells.

Methods: We used flow sorting technology to obtain MO-MDSCs from the maternal-fetal interface and bone marrow, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

Remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in labour - in the eye of the storm.

Authors:
A A Melber

Anaesthesia 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Spital Münsingen, Insel Gruppe AG, Münsingen, Switzerland.

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December 2018
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Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy in Mexico.

Int J Dermatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Facultad de Medicina, Human Anatomy Department, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Mexico.

Background: Currently, the exact incidence of Polymorphic Eruption of Pregnancy (PEP) in the Mexican population is unknown. PEP tends to manifest in the abdomen, primarily in the stretch marks caused by distension. It is characterized by severely pruritic urticarial-like papules that converge in plaques, extending to the buttocks and proximal thighs. Read More

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December 2018
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Cloning of carrier cells infected with oncolytic adenovirus driven by midkine promoter and biosafety studies.

J Gene Med 2018 Dec 13:e3064. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Ehime University, Ehime, Japan.

Background: A549 carrier cells infected with oncolytic adenovirus can induce complete tumor reduction of subcutaneous ovarian tumors but not intraperitoneal disseminated ovarian tumors. This seems to be due to the insufficient antitumor effect of A549 carrier cells. Therefore, here we cloned a novel carrier cell with the aim of improving antitumor effects. Read More

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December 2018

Adipokines and macrophage markers during pregnancy -possible role for sCD163 in prediction and progression of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Dec 13:e3114. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Research Institute of Internal Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.

Aims: The risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increased in overweight and obese women potentially involving secreted mediators from adipose tissue. Our main aim was to evaluate if circulating adipokines and monocyte/macrophage markers were dysregulated in GDM and the influence body mass and indices of glucose metabolism had on this association. We further explored if early detection of these markers improved prediction of GDM and if they remained modified during long-term follow-up. Read More

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December 2018

Weight control before and during pregnancy for patients with gestational diabetes mellitus.

J Diabetes Investig 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Saitama Medical University, Iruma-gun, Saitama, 350-0495, Japan.

Aims/introduction: To examine the associations of pregestational body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight change with birthweight for gestational age in Japanese mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively examined the clinical and laboratory characteristics of 101 mothers with GDM (pregestational BMI, mean ± SD: 24.7 ± 5. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of sex and reproductive status on memory circuitry structure and function in early midlife using structural covariance analysis.

Hum Brain Mapp 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Psychiatry Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Research on age-related memory alterations traditionally targets individuals aged ≥65 years. However, recent studies emphasize the importance of early aging processes. We therefore aimed to characterize variation in brain gray matter structure in early midlife as a function of sex and menopausal status. Read More

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December 2018

Rotavirus vaccine for neonates.

Acta Paediatr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Rotavirus is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for neonates and children. Worldwide, over 200,000 children die from rotavirus gastroenteritis each year and more than 90 million infants still lack access to a rotavirus vaccine. Traditional vaccine schedules administer doses at 8 weeks, 14 weeks and 18 weeks of age. Read More

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December 2018

Naproxen attenuates osteoarthritis progression through inhibiting the expression of prostaglandinl-endoperoxide synthase 1.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2nd Ward of Burn Department, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, Shandong, China.

Objective: This study aims to test the effect of naproxen treatment and the biological target of naproxen for treating osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in OA synovial tissues and normal counterparts were analyzed by messenger RNA microarray analysis. R package (weighted gene coexpression network analysis) was used to divide DEGs into several modules and determine the hub genes in each module. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of maternal characteristics and gestational age on haemodynamic indices: NICOM device-specific reference ranges.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Vascular Biology Research Centre, Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace London, SW17 0RE, UK.

Background: There is increasing evidence for the importance of haemodynamic monitoring in pregnancy. Device-specific reference ranges are required in order to correctly intepret hemodynamic indices in healthy and pathological pregnancies.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of healthy singleton pregnancies. Read More

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November 2018

BJOG Editor-in-Chief number 9: Stanley Clayton 1963-1973.

Authors:
Philip J Steer

BJOG 2019 Jan;126(1):53

Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Imperial College London, UK.

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January 2019

The FZD7-TWIST1 axis is responsible for anoikis resistance and tumorigenesis in ovarian carcinoma.

Mol Oncol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, Singapore, National University of Singapore, Center for Translational Medicine, 14 Medical DriveMD6 #12-01, Singapore, 117599.

Frizzled family receptor 7 (FZD7), a Wnt signaling receptor, is associated with the maintenance of stem cell properties and cancer progression. FZD7 has emerged as a potential therapeutic target because it is capable of transducing both canonical and non-canonical Wnt signals. In this study, we investigated the regulatory pathway downstream of FZD7 and its functional roles. Read More

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December 2018

Pipelle biopsy and dilatation and curettage in clinical practice: are factors affecting their effectiveness the same?

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Aim: Endometrial biopsy is one of the most commonly performed gynecological procedures. Apart from patient safety, the most important is to obtain an adequate specimen allowing histopathological diagnosis. The aim of the study was to determine the rate of endometrial sampling failure and factors affecting the quality of specimen obtained for histopathological examination among patients who underwent Pipelle biopsy and dilatation and curettage (D&C). Read More

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December 2018

Rupture of perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm at 34 weeks' gestation: A nonendometriosis case of spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Japanese Red Cross Ishinomaki Hospital, Ishinomaki, Japan.

Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) has mainly been discussed in the context of endometriosis. With hormonal changes and enlargement of the uterus during pregnancy, tumors can also increase the chance of rupture and consequent SHiP. We report a case of a 30-year-old primiparous woman presented with sudden-onset intraabdominal hemorrhage at 34 weeks' gestation. Read More

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December 2018

A long noncoding RNAs signature to improve survival prediction in endometrioid endometrial cancer.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: The dysregulation of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been reported to be correlated to carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Endometrial cancer (EC), arising from the endometrium or the inner lining of the uterus, is one of the most common gynecological malignancies. We aim to explore the prognostic value of the lncRNAs in patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) and to identify the potential lncRNA signature for predicting survival of patients with EEC. Read More

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December 2018

A new RHD variant allele in Exon 2 identified in a Chinese individual.

Transfusion 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Qingdao Blood Center, Institute of Transfusion Medicine, Qingdao, China.

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December 2018

TNF, but not hyperinsulinemia or hyperglycemia, is a key driver of obesity-induced monocytosis revealing that inflammatory monocytes correlate with insulin in obese male mice.

Physiol Rep 2018 Dec;6(23):e13937

Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

Inflammation contributes to obesity-related hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, which often precede type 2 diabetes. Inflammation is one way that obesity can promote insulin resistance. It is not clear if the extent of obesity, hyperinsulinemia, or hyperglycemia, underpins changes in cellular immunity during diet-induced obesity. Read More

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December 2018

Development of a modified score system as prediction model for successful vaginal birth after cesarean delivery.

Clin Transl Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

The Second Department of Obstetrics, Cangzhou Central Hospital, NO.16, Xinhua Road, Yunhe District, Cangzhou, 061000, Hebei Province, China.

This study was designed to establish a modified prediction score system to improve the safety and success rate of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). We recruited 406 patients (between January 2012 and December 2016) and generated a modified score system in predicting the success rate of VBAC. All patients were required to sign informed consent forms. Read More

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December 2018

In utero myelomeningocele repair and urological outcome: the first 100 cases of a prospective analysis. Is there an improvement in bladder function?

BJU Int 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Urology, CACAU-NUPEP, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: To evaluate the first one hundred cases of in utero myelomeningocele repair and urological outcome in a prospective analysis aiming to define possible improvement in bladder function.

Patients And Methods: We used a protocol consisting of detailed medical history, urinary tract ultrasound (US), voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and urodynamic evaluation (UE). Patients were categorized into 4 patterns, including: normal, high risk (overactive bladder with detrusor leak point pressure higher than 40 cm H2O and high filling pressures also above 40 cm H2O), incontinent and underactivity (underactive bladder with post-void residual urine) and patients were treated accordingly. Read More

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December 2018

Maternal body mass index and smoking during pregnancy do not affect the proportional sexual dimorphism for birth weight- an analysis of the German Perinatal Survey.

Anthropol Anz 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Male sex has been reported as a risk factor for perinatal mortality. It can be hypothesized that smoking during pregnancy and low maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) would lead to a higher proportion of growth restricted male compared to female newborns. The objective of the study was to analyze sex-specific differences in birth weight related to smoking and maternal BMI. Read More

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December 2018

Cytokines and male infertility.

Eur Cytokine Netw 2018 Sep;29(3):73-82

Unit of Reproductive Endocrinology, First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. "Papageorgiou General Hospital", Ring Road-Nea Efkarpia, 56403 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Many male infertility cases have no apparent cause, being characterized as idiopathic. Both inflammation and obesity have long been associated with infertility. On one hand, inflammation, such as orchitis and male accessory gland infections (MAGIs), are regulated by inflammatory cytokines. Read More

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September 2018