296,623 results match your criteria Obesity Surgery [Journal]


Developing a Process for Returning Medically Actionable Genomic Variants to Latino Patients in a Federally Qualified Health Center.

Public Health Genomics 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Aim: To develop a process for returning medically actionable genomic variants to Latino patients receiving care in a Federally Qualified Health Center.

Methods: Prior to recruitment, researchers met with primary care providers to (1) orient clinicians to the project, (2) establish a process for returning actionable and nonactionable results to participants and providers through the electronic health record, and (3) develop a process for offering clinical decision support for follow-up education and care. A Community Advisory Board was engaged to provide input on recruitment strategies and materials for conveying results to participants. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Gastric wall fat halo sign in patients without intestinal disease.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 30;54:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Trabzon Kanuni Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between gastric wall fat halo sign and visceral obesity with potentially associated diseases.

Materials And Methods: Between September 2015 and April 2017, 90 patients with gastric wall fat halo signs and 130 controls were prospectively evaluated. Patient height, weight, body mass index (BMI), sex, age, subcutaneous fat area (SFA), visceral fat area (VFA), total fat area (TFA), percentage of visceral fat (VF%) and the presence of colic or ileal fat halo signs, hepatic steatosis and aortic calcified plaques were recorded for the two groups. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Enhanced anxiety-like behavior emerges with weight gain in male and female obesity-susceptible rats.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Department of Biology, Hope College, Holland, MI, USA; Department of Biomedical Sciences, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.

Epidemiological data suggest that body mass index and obesity are strong risk factors for depression and anxiety. However, it is difficult to separate cause from effect, as predisposition to obesity may enhance susceptibility to anxiety, or vice versa. Here, we examined the effect of diet and obesity on anxiety-like behaviors in male and female selectively bred obesity-prone and obesity-resistant rats, and outbred Sprague-Dawley rats. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Body composition and sarcopenia: the next-generation of personalized oncology and pharmacology?

Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Medical Oncology, CAncer Research for PErsonalized Medicine (CARPEM), Paris Centre Teaching Hospitals, Paris Descartes University, USPC, Paris, France.

Body composition has gained increasing attention in oncology in recent years due to fact that sarcopenia has been revealed to be a strong prognostic indicator for survival across multiple stages and cancer types and a predictive factor for toxicity and surgery complications. Accumulating evidence over the last decade has unraveled the "pharmacology" of sarcopenia. Lean body mass may be more relevant to define drug dosing than the "classical" body surface area or flat-fixed dosing in patients with cancer. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Race and income moderate the association between depressive symptoms and obesity.

Prev Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America.

Complex interrelationships between race, sex, obesity and depression have been well-documented. Because of differences in associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and health by race, determining the role of SES may help to further explicate these relationships. The aim of this study was to determine how race and income interact with obesity on depression. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Vascular and metabolic profiles in offspring born to pregnant mice with metabolic syndrome treated with inositols.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas.

Background: Inositols (INOs) supplementation during pregnancy, specifically the combination of myo-inositol (MI) and D-chiro-inositol (DCI), has been reported to improve vascular parameters in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. We demonstrated previously that offspring born to pregnant mice lacking endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS+/-) gene have hypertension (HTN) as adults and when fed high fat diet (HFD) develop a metabolic syndrome (MS) phenotype.

Objective: Our aim was to evaluate if INOs treatment in pregnancy complicated by MS improves the vascular and metabolic profile in mice offspring programmed in utero to develop HTN and MS. Read More

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December 2018

Healthcare Providers' Advice on Lifestyle Modification in the US Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2016.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15/1, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Holy Cross Centre, 2210-2nd Street SW, Box ACB, Calgary, AB, T2S 3C3, Canada; Preventive Oncology & Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Healthcare providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. Read More

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December 2018

Pharmacological treatment of obesity

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):395-409. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Especialidades “Dr. Bernardo Sepúlveda Gutiérrez”, Unidad de Investigación Médica en Endocrinología Experimental. Ciudad de México, México

More than 70% of the population in Mexico is overweight or obese, affecting mainly people in productive age. Obesity is associated with the development of diseases that increase cardiovascular risk (diabetes mellitus, hypertension or atherogenic dyslipidemia), diseases that limit the quality of life of the patient (osteoarthrosis or sleep apnea) and even with the increase in the incidence of certain types of cancer (breast or colon). It is evident that the decrease of at least 5% of body weight induces improvement in all these factors; however, in some patients it is difficult to achieve this goal only with lifestyle modifications. Read More

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November 2018
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Anthocyanins from Cornus kousa ethanolic extract attenuate obesity in association with anti-angiogenic activities in 3T3-L1 cells by down-regulating adipogeneses and lipogenesis.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208556. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biotechnology, Chonnam National University, Dun-Duk Dong, Yeosu, Chonnam, Korea.

Cornus kousa the Korean dogwood has been traditionally used in East Asia as therapeutic traditional medicine however biological activities of Cornus kousa have not been investigated previously. The aim of the present study was to evaluate anti-obesity activities coupled with anti-angiogenic activities of anthocyanins rich fraction of ethanolic leaf extract of Cornus kousa (ELECk) in HUVECs and 3T3- L1 cells. Dried plants leaves were extracted with 70% ethanol and anthocyanin fraction (AnT Fr) was obtained by eluting the ethanolic extract through non-polar macroporous resin and further purification by HPLC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

E4orf1: A protein for enhancing glucose uptake despite impaired proximal insulin signaling.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208427. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, United States of America.

Background: Type 2 diabetes is often linked with impaired proximal insulin signaling. Hence, a therapeutic agent that enhances cellular glucose uptake without requiring proximal insulin signaling would be desirable for improving glycemic control. The E4orf1 peptide (E4) derived from human adenovirus 36 (Ad36) promotes cellular glucose uptake in vitro and in vivo, independent of insulin. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Uterine Cancer Incidence and Mortality - United States, 1999-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1333-1338. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.

Uterine cancer is one of the few cancers with increasing incidence and mortality in the United States, reflecting, in part, increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity since the 1980s (1). It is the fourth most common cancer diagnosed and the seventh most common cause of cancer death among U.S. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and gastroesophageal reflux.

Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):227-232

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

The prevalence of obesity is rising, becoming a medical problem worldwide. Also GERD incidence is higher in obese patients compared with normal weight, with an increased risk of 2.5 of developing symptoms and erosive esophagitis. Read More

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December 2018

Beneficial effects of combined therapy with lacidipine and candesartan in obese hypertensive patients.

Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):257-264

Kharkiv National Medic University, Nauky Ave., Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Introduction: Obesity is becoming one of the leading risk factors of coronary heart disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease. Despite the presence of a large number of antihypertensive agents and scientific substantiation of antihypertensive treatment principles it would be wrong to assume that the problem is completely solved. Development of endothelial dysfunction is one of the key pathogenic mechanisms in hypertension. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Problematic Eating Behaviors after Bariatric Surgery: A National Study with a Portuguese Sample].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):633-640. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Centro de Investigação em Psicologia. Escola de Psicologia. Universidade do Minho. Braga. Portugal.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, the development of eating psychopathology and the emergence of problematic eating behaviours have been reported in the literature. The aim of this crosssectional study was to characterize the post-bariatric population in terms of the frequency of problematic eating behaviours over time and to understand the related psychological features. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Effects of weight loss on dynamic hyperinflation in women obese asthmatics.

J Appl Physiol (1985) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, Brazil.

Obese adults with asthma are more likely to develop dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and expiratory flow limitation (EFL) than non-obese asthmatics, and weight-loss seems to improve the breathing mechanics during exercise. However, studies evaluating the effect of weight-loss on DH in obese adults with asthma have not been performed.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of a weight-loss program on DH in obese adults with asthma. Read More

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December 2018

Global Tudor-SN transgenic mice are protected from obesity-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 6:fj201801253RR. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Key Laboratory of Immune Microenvironment and Disease, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

In the current study, we explored the impact of Tudor-staphylococcal nuclease (SN) on obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) in mice, because the functional involvement of Tudor-SN in lipid metabolism in vivo is unknown. HFD-transgenic (Tg) mice exhibited reductions in hepatic steatosis and systemic insulin resistance. There was no difference in hepatic lipid accumulation between chow-fed wild-type (WT) and chow-fed Tg mice; consistently, no difference in activation of the lipogenic pathway was detected. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of high fat diet on NF-кB microRNA146a negative feedback loop in ovalbumin-sensitized rats.

Biofactors 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Lung Inflammatory Diseases Research Center, Department of Physiology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

The present study aimed to investigate the role of microRNA-146a and its adapter proteins [interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6)] in the pathogenesis of ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized rats in association with the diet-induced obesity condition. Twenty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control with normal diet (ND), OVA-sensitized with normal diet (S + ND), high-fat diet (HFD), and OVA-sensitized with high-fat diet (S + HFD). All the animals were fed for 8 weeks with standard pelts or high-fat diet, and were then sensitized and challenged with OVA or saline for another 4 weeks. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Polygenic risk score identifies associations between sleep duration and diseases determined from an electronic medical record biobank.

Sleep 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center for Genomic Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA USA.

Study Objectives: We aimed to detect cross-sectional phenotype and polygenic risk score (PRS) associations between sleep duration and prevalent diseases using the Partners Biobank, a hospital-based cohort study linking electronic medical record (EMR) with genetic information.

Methods: Disease prevalence was determined from EMR, and sleep duration was self-reported. A PRS for sleep duration was derived using 78 previously associated SNPs from GWAS for self-reported sleep duration. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Body Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women With Normal Body Mass Index: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Observational Study.

JAMA Oncol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.

Importance: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, including the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive subtype in postmenopausal women. Whether excess adiposity is associated with increased risk in women with a normal body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) is unknown.

Objective: To investigate the association between body fat and breast cancer risk in women with normal BMI. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Energy intake, gastrointestinal transit and gut hormone release in response to oral triglycerides and fatty acids in severely obese and non-obese men.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Hvidovre University Hospital.

Dietary fat, and particularly fatty acids from hydrolyzed triglycerides, reduce appetite, whereas, paradoxically, a high-fat diet leads to excess calorie intake and weight gain. We therefore hypothesized that the appetite-regulating effects of dietary fat is perturbed in obesity. Ten men with severe obesity (median BMI 51. Read More

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December 2018

Pegbelfermin (BMS-986036), PEGylated FGF21, in Patients with Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes: Results from a Randomized Phase 2 Study.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.

Objective: Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. This study assessed pegbelfermin (BMS-986036), recombinant PEGylated human fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), in patients with obesity and T2DM predisposed to fatty liver.

Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, patients with T2DM and BMI of 30 to 50 kg/m received subcutaneous pegbelfermin (1, 5, or 20 mg daily or 20 mg weekly; n = 96) or placebo (n = 24) for 12 weeks. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Cancer Risk: A Nested Case-Control Study.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Data regarding cancer risk for individuals who were exposed to traumatic and stressful life events are conflicting. We sought to evaluate the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the risk of the four most common solid tumors: lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers. We conducted four nested case-control studies using a large UK population-based database. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Visceral adiposity index is a better predictor of unhealthy metabolic phenotype than traditional adiposity measures: results from a population-based study.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

2Department of Nutrition and Health,Universidade Federal de Viçosa,Viçosa, MG,Brazil.

Objective: The present study aimed to investigate whether the visceral adiposity index (VAI) is an effective predictor to identify unhealthy metabolic phenotype by comparing normal-weight and overweight individuals.

Design: A population-based cross-sectional study. Data were collected by interviews, anthropometric evaluation, dietetic, clinical and laboratory tests. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Prolactin induces IL-2 associated TRAIL expression on natural killer cells from chronic hepatitis C patients in vivo and in vitro.

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Laboratorio de Hígado, Páncreas y Motilidad (HIPAM) - Unidad de Investigación en Medicina Experimental, Facultad de Medicina, UNAM. Mexico.

Background: Natural killer cells (NKC) are a major component of innate immune response to HCV, mediating their effects through TRAIL and IFN-γ. However, their function is diminished in chronic HCV patients (HCVp). Prolactin is an immunomodulatory hormone capable of activating NKC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Testosterone therapy to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus in at-risk men (T4DM): Design and implementation of a double-blind randomised controlled trial.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Medical School, University of Western Australia, and Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Low circulating testosterone is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in overweight men with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).

Aim: To determine in a multi-centre, double-blinded placebo-controlled randomised trial, whether testosterone treatment combined with lifestyle intervention (Weight Watchers®) relative to lifestyle intervention alone, reduces T2DM incidence and improves glucose tolerance at 2 years.

Study Population: Overweight or obese men aged 50-74 years with a serum testosterone of ≤14nmol/L and IGT or newly diagnosed T2DM established by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

2-hr vs. 1-hr Glucose Tolerance Testing: Predicting prediabetes in adolescent girls with obesity.

Pediatr Diabetes 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Section on Ethnicity and Health, Diabetes, Endocrinology and Obesity Branch, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

Background: During an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), morphological features of the glucose curve (monophasic curve, glucose peak >30mins and 1-hr glucose ≥155mg/dL) maybe associated with higher prediabetes risk, but their reproducibility and predictive ability in adolescents with obesity are unknown.

Design/methods: Nondiabetic adolescent girls with obesity underwent a multiple-sample OGTT at baseline (n=93), 6-weeks (n=83), and 1-year (n=72). Short-term reproducibility (baseline to 6-weeks) and the predictive ability for prediabetes (baseline to 1-year) for each feature were compared to standard fasting and 2-hr OGTT diagnostic criteria. Read More

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December 2018

Causes of recurrences after open inguinal herniorrhaphy.

Hernia 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Mayne Medical School, School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Purpose: One of the most important measures of success of open inguinal herniorrhaphy is the incidence of recurrence. Reports suggest that up to 13% of all inguinal hernia repairs worldwide, irrespective of the approach, are repaired for recurrence. The reason as to why inguinal hernias recur is most likely multifactorial. Read More

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December 2018

The weight-specific adolescent instrument for economic evaluation (WAItE): psychometric evaluation using a Rasch model approach.

Qual Life Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Purpose: The Weight-specific Adolescent Instrument for Economic evaluation (WAItE) is a 7-item condition-specific tool assessing the impact of weight status on seven dimensions of quality of life. The content of the WAItE was developed with both treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking adolescents aged 11-18 years. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the WAItE in adolescent and adult populations. Read More

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December 2018

Spray Dried Smectite Clay Particles as a Novel Treatment against Obesity.

Pharm Res 2018 Dec 5;36(1):21. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.

Purpose: To explore the feasibility of spray dried smectite clay particles fabricated from montmorillonite or laponite materials for adsorbing dietary lipids and reducing rodent weight gain in vivo.

Methods: Spray dried montmorillonite (SD-MMT) and spray dried laponite (SD-LAP) particles were prepared via spray drying. Particle morphology, surface area and redispersion/aggregation properties in aqueous media were characterized. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of Small Intestine Carcinoid Tumors: A US Population-Based Study 2012-2017.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, Department of Medicine, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Wearn 244, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Background And Aims: Most carcinoid tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are located in the small bowel (SB). Epidemiological studies of these tumors have been limited by small sample sizes. Our aim was to evaluate the epidemiology of SB carcinoids (SBCs) using a large database. Read More

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December 2018

The past decade in type 2 diabetes and future challenges.

Hormones (Athens) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Princess Royal University Hospital, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 6B Durham Road, Bromley, London, BR2 0SG, UK.

There is today an exponential increase in prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), especially in young people. This downward shift in age of onset of T2DM has been shown by abundant evidence to be due to an increase in obesity among the young, the latter mainly attributable to unhealthy dietary habits and a sedentary lifestyle. It is therefore obvious that the prevention of diabetes rather its treatment is of is paramount importance. Read More

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December 2018

APOLO-Teens, a web-based intervention for treatment-seeking adolescents with overweight or obesity: study protocol and baseline characterization of a Portuguese sample.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal.

Purpose: APOLO-Teens is an ongoing web-based program combining a manualized intervention delivered by Facebook, a self-monitoring web application and monthly chat sessions to optimize treatment as usual for adolescents with overweight and obesity. The aims of this paper are twofold: (1) to describe the study protocol of the APOLO-Teens randomized controlled effectiveness trial and (2) to present baseline descriptive information of the Portuguese sample.

Methods: APOLO-Teens includes adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years with BMI percentile ≥ 85 (N = 210; 60. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Sympathetic nervous system as a target for aging and obesity-related cardiovascular diseases.

Geroscience 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Physiological Sciences, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, 277 McElroy Hall, Stillwater, OK, 74078, USA.

Chronic sympathetic nervous system overactivity is a hallmark of aging and obesity and contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and heart failure. The cause of this chronic sympathoexcitation in aging and obesity is multifactorial and centrally mediated. In this mini-review, we have provided an overview of the key and emerging central mechanisms contributing to the pathogenesis of sympathoexcitation in obesity and healthy aging, specifically focusing on hypertension. Read More

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December 2018

Three types of a high-carbohydrate diet are differently associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in Korean adults.

Eur J Nutr 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Major of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Human Ecology, The Catholic University of Korea, 43 Jibong-ro, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon, 14662, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Although a high-carbohydrate diet typically shows low-fat intake, the prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in Asian countries has increased. We evaluated three types of a high-carbohydrate diet and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors in the Korean adult population.

Methods: A total of 14,438 adults (5813 men and 8625 women) who participated in the 2008-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were selected. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Association of Various Metabolic Parameters with Multiple Skin Tags.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2018 Oct 1;11(10):40-43. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Drs. Platsidaki, Vasalou, Gerodimou, Markantoni, Kouris, Gregoriou, Rigopoulos, and Kontochristopoulos are with the Department of Dermatology and Venereology at Andreas Sygros Skin Hospital in Athens, Greece.

Skin tags (STs) are benign skin lesions. Their definite etiology remains unknown. We aim to examine the association of obesity, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, thyroid abnormalities, acanthosis nigricans, and multiple STs in a Greek primary population. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Causes, Features, and Current Treatments.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2018 Oct 1;11(10):17-23. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Drs. Vinkel and Thomsen are with the Department of Dermatology at Bispebjerg Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), a relatively common and chronic inflammatory skin disorder. HS can have debilitating consequences if not diagnosed and treated appropriately. Clinically defined by recurrent, inflamed nodules in intertriginous regions (i. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

is a novel hypothalamic gene upregulated by a high-fat diet and leptin in mice.

Genes Nutr 2018 29;13:28. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1Rowett Institute, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD UK.

Background: Energy homeostasis is regulated by the hypothalamus but fails when animals are fed a high-fat diet (HFD), and leptin insensitivity and obesity develops. To elucidate the possible mechanisms underlying these effects, a microarray-based transcriptomics approach was used to identify novel genes regulated by HFD and leptin in the mouse hypothalamus.

Results: Mouse global array data identified as a novel gene highly upregulated by both a HFD and leptin challenge. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Predictors of Residual T1 High Grade on Re-Transurethral Resection in a Large Multi-Institutional Cohort of Patients with Primary T1 High-Grade/Grade 3 Bladder Cancer.

J Cancer 2018 20;9(22):4250-4254. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Division of Urology, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy.

The aim of this multi-institutional study was to identify predictors of residual high-grade (HG) disease at re-transurethral resection (reTUR) in a large cohort of primary T1 HG/Grade 3 (G3) bladder cancer patients. A total of 1155 patients with primary T1 HG/G3 bladder cancer from 13 academic institutions that underwent a reTUR within 6 weeks after first TUR were evaluated. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association of predictive factors with residual HG at reTUR. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Weight Bias Internalization Among Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss: Implications for Eating Behaviors and Parental Communication.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2271. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Mary Himmelstein, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Hartford, CT, United States.

Emerging evidence has demonstrated a high prevalence of weight bias internalization (WBI) among adults, as well as consistent links between internalization and adverse psychological and physical health. However, research examining WBI in youth and its impact on their health is scarce, especially among youth seeking weight loss treatment who may be particularly vulnerable to weight stigma from peers and parents. To address this research gap, the present study assessed WBI in a weight loss treatment-seeking sample of adolescents, examining associations between internalization and adolescents' eating behaviors and parental weight-related communication. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Sugar Metabolism Regulates Flavor Preferences and Portal Glucose Sensing.

Front Integr Neurosci 2018 21;12:57. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

The John B. Pierce Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States.

In most species, including humans, food preference is primarily controlled by nutrient value. In particular, glucose-containing sugars exert exquisitely strong effects on food choice via gut-generated signals. However, the identity of the visceral signals underlying glucose's rewarding effects remains uncertain. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Venous thrombosis and hormonal contraception: what's new with estradiol-based hormonal contraceptives?

Open Access J Contracept 2018 8;9:75-79. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Medical Area, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

Objective: Estradiol (E2)-based hormonal contraceptives impact less than ethinylstradiol (EE) contraceptives on venous thromboembolism (VTE) in comparison to formulations with EE.

Study Design: In this article, the pharamacologic data of EE and E2 were briefly reviewed, along with the induced biologic effect. These data were then related to a recent large international prospective, controlled, non-interventional cohort active surveillance study, on the cardiovascular risk of users of different types of combined estroprogestin contraceptive (CEPC). Read More

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November 2018

Factors associated with choice of intensification treatment for type 2 diabetes after metformin monotherapy: a cohort study in UK primary care.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 8;10:1639-1648. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK,

Purpose: To understand the patient characteristics associated with treatment choice at the first treatment intensification for type 2 diabetes.

Patients And Methods: This is a noninterventional study, using UK electronic primary care records from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. We included adults treated with metformin monotherapy between January 2000 and July 2017. Read More

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November 2018

Barberry in the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome: possible mechanisms of action.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2018 8;11:699-705. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Modern Sciences and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran,

Obesity is a consequence of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. It affects people of both genders and all age groups, ethnicity and socioeconomic groups, and in developed and developing countries. Obesity is often accompanied by the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Read More

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November 2018

Complex calculation or quick glance? Mean platelet volume - new predictive marker for pulmonary embolism.

Ther Clin Risk Manag 2018 9;14:2221-2228. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Intensive Cardiac Therapy Clinic, Department of Interventional Cardiology and Electrocardiology, Central Clinical Hospital, Lodz, Poland,

Background: Wells and Geneva scores are widely used in the assessment of pretest probability of pulmonary embolism (PE).

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis that mean platelet volume (MPV) may better predict PE than the clinical prediction rules.

Methods: A study was performed among patients with PE. Read More

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November 2018

The effect of copy number variations in chromosome 16p on body weight in patients with intellectual disability.

J Hum Genet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Genomics Group, Fundación Investigación Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Syndromic monogenic obesity is a rare and severe early-onset form of obesity. It is characterized by intellectual disability, congenital malformations, and/or dysmorphic facies. The diagnosis of patients is challenging due to the genetic heterogenicity of this condition. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Genetic identification of Ly75 as a novel quantitative trait gene for resistance to obesity in mice.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 5;8(1):17658. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan.

Identification of causal quantitative trait genes (QTGs) governing obesity is challenging. We previously revealed that the lymphocyte antigen 75 (Ly75) gene with an immune function is a putative QTG for Pbwg1.5, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for resistance to obesity found from wild mice (Mus musculus castaneus). Read More

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December 2018

Obesity-associated inflammation promotes angiogenesis and breast cancer via angiopoietin-like 4.

Oncogene 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Pathology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA.

Obesity is a risk factor for breast cancer and also predicts poor clinical outcomes regardless of menopausal status. Contributing to the poor clinical outcomes is the suboptimal efficacy of standard therapies due to dose limiting toxicities and obesity-related complications, highlighting the need to develop novel therapeutic approaches for treating obese patients. We recently found that obesity leads to an increase in tumor-infiltrating macrophages with activated NLRC4 inflammasome and increased interleukin (IL)-1β production. Read More

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December 2018
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Depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and metabolic health: The REGARDS study.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Objective: To describe the relationship between metabolic health parameters and depressive symptoms and perceived stress, and whether the co-occurrence of these two psychological stressors has an additive influence on metabolic dysregulation in adults at different levels of body mass index (BMI) without diabetes.

Methods: Participants without diabetes (N = 20,312) from the population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study (recruited between 2003-2007) who had a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 18.5 kg/m were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Maternal prepregnancy body mass index and offspring white matter microstructure: results from three birth cohorts.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, 3000 CB, The Netherlands.

Background And Aims: Prepregnancy maternal obesity is a global health problem and has been associated with offspring metabolic and mental ill-health. However, there is a knowledge gap in understanding potential neurobiological factors related to these associations. This study explored the relation between maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and offspring brain white matter microstructure at the age of 6, 10, and 26 years in three independent cohorts. Read More

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December 2018
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