1,653 results match your criteria Obesity Reviews [Journal]


Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits: A meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute of Psychology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Obesity has inconsistent associations with broad personality domains, possibly because the links pertain to only some facets of these domains. Collating published and unpublished studies (N = 14 848), we meta-analysed the associations between body mass index (BMI) and Five-Factor Model personality domains as well as 30 Five-Factor Model personality facets. At the domain level, BMI had a positive association with Neuroticism and a negative association with Conscientiousness domains. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12856
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12856DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Weight loss variability with SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists in type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity: Mechanistic possibilities.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Metabolism and Nutrition Research Group, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

We are facing a global epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Weight loss, in the context of obesity and type 2 diabetes, may improve glycaemic control and weight-related comorbidities, and in some cases, induce diabetes remission. Although lifestyle-based weight loss strategies may be initially successful, most are not effective long-term. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12841DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

What principles should guide interactions between population health researchers and the food industry? Systematic scoping review of peer-reviewed and grey literature.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Centre for Diet and Activity Research, MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

There is no explicit consensus amongst population health researchers regarding what constitutes acceptable or effective interactions with the food industry. This has led to confusion and disagreements over conflicts of interest, which can undermine the integrity of science. To clarify this issue, we aimed to systematically identify the key principles developed by population health researchers to prevent or minimize conflicts of interest when interacting with the food industry. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12851DOI Listing

The effectiveness of meal replacements for weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

West China College of Stomatology, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12847DOI Listing

Adiposity in relation to readmission and all-cause mortality following coronary artery bypass grafting: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Guangzhou Sport University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

This study systemically reviewed evidence linking adiposity to readmission and all-cause mortality in post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients. Keyword/reference search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library for articles published before June, 2018. Eligibility criteria included study designs: experimental/observational studies; subjects: adult patients undergoing CABG; and outcomes: hospital/clinic readmissions, and short-term (≤30 days) and mid-to-long-term (>30 days) all-cause mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12855DOI Listing

Is reducing appetite beneficial for body weight management in the context of overweight and obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis from clinical trials assessing body weight management after exposure to satiety enhancing and/or hunger reducing products.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Section for Obesity Research, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

This review aims to investigate whether interventions that enhance satiety and/or reduce hunger lead to beneficial effects on body weight management in the context of overweight and obesity. A comprehensive review protocol was prepared before conducting a systematic search in PubMed identifying 517 papers with 12 meeting the inclusion criteria. A thorough risk of bias assessment was performed based on the Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12854DOI Listing

A systematic review on biomechanical characteristics of walking in children and adolescents with overweight/obesity: Possible implications for the development of musculoskeletal disorders.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" research group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

It is known that obesity is associated with biomechanical alterations during locomotor tasks, which is considered a potential risk factor for the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSKD). However, the association of obesity with biomechanical alterations of walking in the early stages of life have not yet been systematically reviewed. Thus, this review aims to summarize the biomechanical characteristics of walking in children and adolescents with overweight/obesity (OW/OB) versus their normal-weight (NW) counterparts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12848DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention characteristics in postpartum weight management using the TIDieR framework: A summary of evidence to inform implementation.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, Monash University, Clayton, Vic, Australia.

Postpartum weight retention is a significant contributor to obesity in reproductive-aged women, but the key implementation characteristics of postpartum weight management interventions have not been systematically identified to inform policy and practice. This study aimed to evaluate the intervention characteristics associated with weight loss in postpartum women using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) framework. We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PSYCINFO, and EBM databases to identify lifestyle intervention RCTs in postpartum women (within 2 years after birth) published up to January 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12846DOI Listing

Group-based trajectory modelling for BMI trajectories in childhood: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Division of Population Health Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Childhood obesity is an important public health issue. We aimed to systematically review studies that used group-based trajectory modelling approaches to investigate body mass index (BMI) trajectories in early childhood, explore associated determinants, and the association with body composition outcomes. Five databases were searched systematically for studies using group-based trajectory modelling approaches to track BMI trajectories from birth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12842DOI Listing

Behavioural weight management interventions for postnatal women: A systematic review of systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

This systematic review of systematic reviews investigated the effectiveness of lifestyle weight management interventions for postnatal women. We systematically reviewed Medline (PubMed), Embase, CINAHL Plus, The Cochrane Library, and Scopus from 2000 until January 2018, to identify systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of behavioural lifestyle interventions for weight management in postnatal women. Results were summarized both descriptively and statistically using a mega meta-analysis of data from randomized controlled trials included in previous systematic reviews. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12834DOI Listing

Associations between the rate, amount, and composition of weight loss as predictors of spontaneous weight regain in adults achieving clinically significant weight loss: A systematic review and meta-regression.

Obes Rev 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Appetite Control and Energy Balance Group, School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Weight regain following weight loss is common although little is known regarding the associations between amount, rate, and composition of weight loss and weight regain. Forty-three studies (52 groups; n = 2379) with longitudinal body composition measurements were identified in which weight loss (≥5%) and subsequent weight regain (≥2%) occurred. Data were synthesized for changes in weight and body composition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12849
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12849DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The continuums of impairment in vascular reactivity across the spectrum of cardiometabolic health: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Inserm U1042, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.

This study aimed to assess, for the first time, the change in vascular reactivity across the full spectrum of cardiometabolic health. Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from their inception to March 13, 2017, including studies that assessed basal vascular reactivity in two or more of the following health groups (aged ≥18 years old): healthy, overweight, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, metabolic syndrome, or type 2 diabetes with or without complications. Direct and indirect comparisons of vascular reactivity were combined using a network meta-analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12831DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Scaling-up evidence-based obesity interventions: A systematic review assessing intervention adaptations and effectiveness and quantifying the scale-up penalty.

Obes Rev 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Maximizing the benefits of investments in obesity research requires effective interventions to be adopted and disseminated broadly across populations (scaled-up). However, interventions often need considerable adaptation to enable implementation at scale, a process that can reduce the effects of interventions. A systematic review was undertaken for trials that sought to deliver an obesity intervention to populations on a larger scale than a preceding randomized controlled trial (RCT) that established its efficacy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12845
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12845DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Gut microbe-generated metabolite trimethylamine N-oxide and the risk of diabetes: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Research Center for Translational Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Elevated circulating concentrations of the gut bacteria choline metabolite trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) were found in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, whether a high level of TMAO is related to the risk of diabetes has not been studied. We aimed to synthesize the evidence on the relation between TMAO levels and the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) and to investigate the association further in a dose-response meta-analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12843
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12843DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) as a factor mediating the relationship between obesity and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

Obes Rev 2019 May 3;20(5):701-712. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Medicine (Cardiology), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a common condition with an increased mortality, is strongly associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. The latter two conditions are associated with increased epicardial fat that can extend into the heart. This review advances the proposition that hypoxia-inhibitory factor-1α (HIF-1α) maybe a key factor producing HFpEF. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12828
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12828DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Metabolic surgery for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in patients with BMI lower than 35 kg/m : Why caution is still needed.

Obes Rev 2019 May 28;20(5):633-647. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Obesity Group, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Clinics Hospital, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.

Bariatric surgery has shifted from being a risky procedure to an evidence-based one, with proven benefits on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes control. The procedure has an overall positive result on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with a substantial number of patients achieving disease remission. This has resulted in several studies assessing possible weight-independent effects of bariatric surgery on glycemic improvement, in addition to recommendation of the procedure to patients with class 1 obesity and T2DM, for whom the procedure was classically not indicated, and adoption of a new term, "metabolic surgery," to highlight the overall metabolic benefit of the procedure beyond weight loss. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12837DOI Listing

A comprehensive diagnostic approach to detect underlying causes of obesity in adults.

Obes Rev 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Obesity Center CGG, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Obesity is a worldwide growing problem. When confronted with obesity, many health care providers focus on direct treatment of the consequences of adiposity. We plead for adequate diagnostics first, followed by an individualized treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12836DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Effects of different pharmacologic smoking cessation treatments on body weight changes and success rates in patients with nicotine dependence: A network meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Addiction Science, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Smoking cessation is a public health priority to reduce smoking-related morbidity and mortality. However, weight gain is a known primary reason for not trying to quit smoking. The aim of the current study was to investigate differences in weight gain associated with different pharmacological smoking cessation interventions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12835DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
7.995 Impact Factor

The role of maternal obesity in infant outcomes in polycystic ovary syndrome-A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with worsened pregnancy and infant outcomes, higher body mass index (BMI), and longitudinal weight gain. Despite most of the clinical features of PCOS being risk factors for worsened infant outcomes in the general population, their impact on infant outcomes in PCOS is unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of PCOS with infant outcomes considering maternal adiposity, other known risk factors, and potential confounders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12832DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Semaglutide as a promising antiobesity drug.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.

Semaglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) with a long elimination half-life, allowing subcutaneous (sc) administration once per week. Both the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved once-weekly sc semaglutide for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The weight loss efficacy of once-weekly sc semaglutide appears to be superior compared with the other once-weekly GLP-1 RAs in patients with T2DM. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12839DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

A biopsychosocial approach to processes and pathways in the development of overweight and obesity in childhood: Insights from developmental theory and research.

Obes Rev 2019 May 15;20(5):725-749. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia.

Childhood obesity has reached alarming proportions in many countries. There is consensus that both biological (especially genetic) and environmental (including psychosocial) factors contribute to weight gain and obesity in childhood. Research has identified extensive risk or predictive factors for childhood obesity from both of these domains. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12838
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12838DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

High-fat diets reduce male reproductive success in animal models: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Sperm counts have shown a progressive decline across the world since the mid-1900s. Global rates of obesity have been climbing at a similarly alarming rate, suggesting that these two factors may be linked. However, studies examining the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and male fertility have produced conflicting results. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12827DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of very low-energy diet programs for weight loss: A systematic review with meta-analysis of intervention studies in children and adolescents with obesity.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

The University of Sydney Children's Hospital Westmead Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Westmead, Australia.

The objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of very low-energy diet (VLED) programs for weight loss in children and adolescents with obesity. Six electronic databases were searched identifying 24 eligible studies (16 pre-post studies, four nonrandomized trials, two randomized controlled trials [RCTs], and two chart reviews) published up to October 2018. Studies were in English, implemented a VLED (≤3360 kJF/day [≤800 kcal/day] or <50% estimated energy requirements) in 5- to 18-year-olds with obesity, and reported at least one weight-related outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12830DOI Listing
February 2019

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of meal replacements for weight loss.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 24;20(4):569-587. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Meal replacements (MR) are generally not recommended in clinical guidelines for the management of obesity. The aim of this review is to provide an up-to-date systematic evaluation of the effect of weight loss interventions incorporating MR compared with alternative interventions on weight change at 1 year in adults with overweight or obesity. Six electronic databases were searched from inception to the end of August 2018 for randomized controlled trials comparing the effect of MR with interventions that did not include MR on weight at 1 year. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12816DOI Listing

Increased maternal pregnancy complications in polycystic ovary syndrome appear to be independent of obesity-A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression.

Obes Rev 2019 May 23;20(5):659-674. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an increased risk of maternal pregnancy and delivery complications. However, the impact of clinical features of PCOS and other potential risk factors in PCOS is still unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of PCOS with maternal pregnancy and delivery complications with consideration of risk factors and potential confounders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12829DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Overweight and obesity among adults in the Gulf States: A systematic literature review of correlates of weight, weight-related behaviours, and interventions.

Obes Rev 2019 May 17;20(5):763-793. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Health Promotion, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Obesity has increased to an epidemic level in the Gulf States. This systematic review is the first to explore the scientific evidence on correlates and interventions for overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25) or weight-related behaviours in the region. A systematic search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted using PubMed and PsycINFO. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12826
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12826DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Treatment of obesity in older persons-A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 15;20(4):588-598. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Medicine (Austin Health), University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

The study aims to systematically review the available evidence regarding weight loss interventions (lifestyle, surgical, and pharmacological) for obesity in adults aged over 60 years. A search of prospective, randomized studies took place in January 2018, on Medline (Web of Science) and PubMed databases. Search terms included the following: elderly, obese, hypocaloric, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12815DOI Listing

Understanding the impact of rural weight loss interventions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 May 11;20(5):713-724. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Health Promotion, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Rural adults have a higher risk of developing obesity than urban adults. Several evidence-based interventions have targeted rural regions, but their impact, defined as reach (number and representativeness of participants) by effectiveness, has not been examined. The purpose of this review was to determine the impact of rural weight loss interventions and the availability of data across dimensions of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12825DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Maternal obesity in pregnancy impacts offspring cardiometabolic health: Systematic review and meta-analysis of animal studies.

Obes Rev 2019 May 11;20(5):675-685. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amsterdam Reproduction and Development Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Obesity before and during pregnancy leads to reduced offspring cardiometabolic health. Here, we systematically reviewed animal experimental evidence of maternal obesity before and during pregnancy and offspring anthropometry and cardiometabolic health. We systematically searched Embase and Medline from inception until January 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12817DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Are school-based physical activity interventions effective and equitable? A meta-analysis of cluster randomized controlled trials with accelerometer-assessed activity.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing at epidemic rates globally, with widening inequalities between advantaged and disadvantaged groups. Despite the promise of schools as a universal context to access and influence all children, the potential of school-based interventions to positively impact children's physical activity behaviour, and obesity risk, remains uncertain. We searched six electronic databases to February 2017 for cluster randomized trials of school-based physical activity interventions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12823DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Variation in the physical activity environment according to area-level socio-economic position-A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 May 9;20(5):686-700. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Global Obesity Centre, Centre for Population Health Research, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Physical inactivity is a major contributing factor to obesity, and both follow a socio-economic gradient. This systematic review aims to identify whether the physical activity environment varies by socio-economic position (SEP), which may contribute to socio-economic patterning of physical activity behaviours, and in turn, obesity levels. Six databases were searched. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12818DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

The INFORMAS healthy food environment policy index (Food-EPI) in Mexico: An assessment of implementation gaps and priority recommendations.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Instituto Nacional De Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.

Mexico is one of the countries with the highest prevalence of obesity and recently declared a national epidemic of diabetes. Healthy food environments have the potential to improve the diet of the population and decrease the burden of disease. The aim of the study was to assess the efforts of the Mexican Government towards creating healthier food environments using the Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12814DOI Listing
January 2019
7.995 Impact Factor

Weight loss and lifestyle interventions for obstructive sleep apnoea in adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 May 4;20(5):750-762. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Mind, Brain, and Behaviour Research Centre, CIMCYC, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Lifestyle interventions addressing diet, exercise-training, sleep hygiene, and/or tobacco/alcohol cessation are recommended in the management of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Yet their effectiveness on this condition still requires further research. This systematic review and meta-analysis was aimed at establishing (a) the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and secondary OSA measures among adults, and (b) which intervention characteristics may drive the greatest improvements. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12824DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Beyond the bone: Bone morphogenetic protein signaling in adipose tissue.

Obes Rev 2019 May 4;20(5):648-658. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States.

The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the same superfamily as related to transforming growth factor β (TGFβ), growth and differentiation factors (GDFs), and activins. They were initially described as inducers of bone formation but are now known to be involved in morphogenetic activities and cell differentiation throughout the body, including the development of adipose tissue and adipogenic differentiation. BMP4 and BMP7 are the most studied BMPs in adipose tissue, with major roles in white adipogenesis and brown adipogenesis, respectively, but other BMPs such as BMP2, BMP6, and BMP8b as well as some inhibitors and modulators have been shown to also affect adipogenesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12822DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447448PMC

An 11-country study to benchmark the implementation of recommended nutrition policies by national governments using the Healthy Food Environment Policy Index, 2015-2018.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

The Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI) aims to assess the extent of implementation of recommended food environment policies by governments compared with international best practices and prioritize actions to fill implementation gaps. The Food-EPI was applied in 11 countries across six regions (2015-2018). National public health nutrition panels (n = 11-101 experts) rated the extent of implementation of 47 policy and infrastructure support good practice indicators by their government(s) against best practices, using an evidence document verified by government officials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12819DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
7.995 Impact Factor

Gender-related issues in the pharmacology of new anti-obesity drugs.

Obes Rev 2019 03 27;20(3):375-384. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Four new medicines-liraglutide, lorcaserin, bupropion/naltrexone, and phentermine/topiramate-have been recently added to the pharmacological arsenal for obesity treatment and could represent important tools to manage this epidemic disease. To achieve satisfactory anti-obesity goals, the use of these new medicines should be optimized and tailored to specific patient subpopulations also by applying dose adjustments if needed. In the present review, we posit that gender could be among the factors influencing the activity of the new obesity drugs both because of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12805
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12805DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Reply to letter to the editor: The effects of bariatric surgery on fracture risk: Is there a significant higher risk?

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 27;20(4):631-632. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of endocrinology and metabolism, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12813DOI Listing
April 2019
7.995 Impact Factor

Metabolic surgery and iron homeostasis.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 27;20(4):612-620. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Iron deficiency and anaemia after metabolic surgery, potentially modifiable nutritional complications, are becoming an increasing cause for concern as prevalence increases with time and there is limited evidence supporting the effectiveness of the current guidelines for prophylactic oral iron supplementation and treatment for deficiency. Abnormalities in iron nutrition predisposing to deficiency are common in severely obese patients, and the low-grade systemic inflammation, also common to these patients, reduces the effectiveness of oral iron supplementation. The surgical procedures result in alterations of foregut anatomy and physiology, which limit iron absorptive capacity and daily food intake. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12811
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12811DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Crosstalk between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiometabolic syndrome.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 27;20(4):599-611. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine/Wallenberg Lab, University of Gothenburg and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic condition characterized by fat accumulation combined with low-grade inflammation in the liver. A large body of clinical and experimental data shows that increased flux of free fatty acids from increased visceral adipose tissue and de novo lipogenesis can lead to NAFLD and insulin resistance. Thus, individuals with obesity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidaemia are at the greatest risk of developing NAFLD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12820
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12820DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

The effect of screen advertising on children's dietary intake: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 21;20(4):554-568. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK.

Evidence indicates that screen advertising for unhealthy food results in significant increases in dietary intake among children. This review was undertaken with the main aim of estimating the quantitative effect of screen advertising in experimental and nonexperimental conditions on children's dietary intake. Systematic searches were undertaken of interdisciplinary databases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12812DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446725PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Comprehensive identification of pleiotropic loci for body fat distribution using the NHGRI-EBI Catalog of published genome-wide association studies.

Obes Rev 2019 03 22;20(3):385-406. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

We conducted a hypothesis-free cross-trait analysis for waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (WHR ) loci derived through genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Summary statistics from published GWAS were used to capture all WHR single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and their proxy SNPs were identified. These SNPs were used to extract cross-trait associations between WHR SNPs and other traits through the NHGRI-EBI GWAS Catalog. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12806DOI Listing

Pre- and post-diagnosis body mass index and heart failure mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies reveals greater risk of being underweight than being overweight.

Obes Rev 2018 11 22;20(2):252-261. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objective: To investigate the dose-response association between pre- and post-diagnosis body mass index (BMI) and heart failure (HF) mortality.

Methods: Eligible observational studies were searched in databases, up to November 2017. We used random-effects generalized least squares spline models for trend estimation to derive pooled BMI unit-HF mortality relationship. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12777
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12777DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Twenty-five years of research about adipogenic adenoviruses: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 18;20(4):499-509. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.

Infectious etiology is implicated in chronic diseases such as gastric ulcer or atherosclerosis. However, "infection" is a recent term in the field of obesity. Since the first report in 1982 of obesity due to infection, several microbes have been linked to obesity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12808DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Identifying notions of environment in obesity research using a mixed-methods approach.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 14;20(4):621-630. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Copenhagen Centre for Health Research in the Humanities, The Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The recent rise of computation-based methods in social science has opened new opportunities for exploring qualitative questions through analysis of large amounts of text. This article uses a mixed-methods design that incorporates machine reading, network analysis, semantic analysis, and qualitative analysis of 414 highly cited publications on obesogenic environments between 2001 and 2015. The method produces an elaborate network map exhibiting five distinct notions of environment, all of which are currently active in the field of obesity research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12807
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12807DOI Listing
April 2019
26 Reads

Delivering in-school interventions to improve dietary behaviours amongst 11- to 16-year-olds: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 14;20(4):543-553. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research and Centre for Health Psychology, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Childhood obesity is a global health concern, which has both short- and long-term health consequences for the individual, and is a potential burden on health care services and the wider economy. The school environment is a setting where changes can be applied to dietary behaviours, as schools have direct and intensive contact with children. This systematic review evaluated school-based interventions designed to improve dietary behaviours among adolescents (11- to 16-year-olds). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12797
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12797DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Structural responses to the obesity and non-communicable diseases epidemic: Update on the Chilean law of food labelling and advertising.

Obes Rev 2019 03 13;20(3):367-374. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Chile approved the law of food labelling and advertising in 2012; this law aims to address the obesity epidemic, particularly in children. The implementation details were published in 2015, and the law was implemented finally in 2016, as described in the current article. Regulated foods were defined based on a specially developed nutrient profiling, which considered natural foods as gold standard. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12802DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Preconception management of women with obesity: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 13;20(4):510-526. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine (Austin Health), University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Heights, Victoria, Australia.

The prevalence of women of child-bearing age with obesity continues to rise at an alarming rate. This has significant implications for both the short-term and long-term health of mother and offspring. Given the paucity of evidence-based literature in this field, the preconception management of women with obesity is highly variable both between institutions and around the world. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12804DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Do lifestyle interventions during pregnancy have the potential to reduce long-term postpartum weight retention? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Apr 12;20(4):527-542. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Else Kroener-Fresenius Center for Nutritional Medicine, University Hospital Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Reducing postpartum weight retention is a promising strategy for addressing the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity in women. This systematic review and meta-analysis explored whether lifestyle interventions during pregnancy have the potential to reduce weight retention at 4 months postpartum and beyond. A search of five electronic databases for randomized controlled trials comparing the effect of weight-related lifestyle interventions beginning in pregnancy on postpartum weight retention to standard prenatal care groups was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12809DOI Listing

Microbes: possible link between modern lifestyle transition and the rise of metabolic syndrome.

Obes Rev 2019 03 11;20(3):407-419. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

The rapid decrease in infectious diseases globally has coincided with an increase in the prevalence of obesity and other components of metabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance is a common feature of metabolic syndrome and can be influenced by genetic and non-genetic/environmental factors. The emergence of metabolic syndrome epidemics over only a few decades suggests a more prominent role of the latter. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12784DOI Listing