1,634 results match your criteria Obesity Reviews [Journal]


The role of maternal obesity in infant outcomes in polycystic ovary syndrome-A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with worsened pregnancy and infant outcomes, higher body mass index (BMI), and longitudinal weight gain. Despite most of the clinical features of PCOS being risk factors for worsened infant outcomes in the general population, their impact on infant outcomes in PCOS is unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of PCOS with infant outcomes considering maternal adiposity, other known risk factors, and potential confounders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12832DOI Listing
February 2019

Semaglutide as a promising antiobesity drug.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.

Semaglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) with a long elimination half-life, allowing subcutaneous (sc) administration once per week. Both the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved once-weekly sc semaglutide for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The weight loss efficacy of once-weekly sc semaglutide appears to be superior compared with the other once-weekly GLP-1 RAs in patients with T2DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12839DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A biopsychosocial approach to processes and pathways in the development of overweight and obesity in childhood: Insights from developmental theory and research.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia.

Childhood obesity has reached alarming proportions in many countries. There is consensus that both biological (especially genetic) and environmental (including psychosocial) factors contribute to weight gain and obesity in childhood. Research has identified extensive risk or predictive factors for childhood obesity from both of these domains. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12838
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12838DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

High-fat diets reduce male reproductive success in animal models: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Sperm counts have shown a progressive decline across the world since the mid-1900s. Global rates of obesity have been climbing at a similarly alarming rate, suggesting that these two factors may be linked. However, studies examining the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and male fertility have produced conflicting results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12827DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of very low-energy diet programs for weight loss: A systematic review with meta-analysis of intervention studies in children and adolescents with obesity.

Obes Rev 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

The University of Sydney Children's Hospital Westmead Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Westmead, Australia.

The objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of very low-energy diet (VLED) programs for weight loss in children and adolescents with obesity. Six electronic databases were searched identifying 24 eligible studies (16 pre-post studies, four nonrandomized trials, two randomized controlled trials [RCTs], and two chart reviews) published up to October 2018. Studies were in English, implemented a VLED (≤3360 kJF/day [≤800 kcal/day] or <50% estimated energy requirements) in 5- to 18-year-olds with obesity, and reported at least one weight-related outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12830DOI Listing
February 2019

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of meal replacements for weight loss.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Meal replacements (MR) are generally not recommended in clinical guidelines for the management of obesity. The aim of this review is to provide an up-to-date systematic evaluation of the effect of weight loss interventions incorporating MR compared with alternative interventions on weight change at 1 year in adults with overweight or obesity. Six electronic databases were searched from inception to the end of August 2018 for randomized controlled trials comparing the effect of MR with interventions that did not include MR on weight at 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12816DOI Listing
January 2019

Increased maternal pregnancy complications in polycystic ovary syndrome appear to be independent of obesity-A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an increased risk of maternal pregnancy and delivery complications. However, the impact of clinical features of PCOS and other potential risk factors in PCOS is still unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of PCOS with maternal pregnancy and delivery complications with consideration of risk factors and potential confounders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12829DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Overweight and obesity among adults in the Gulf States: A systematic literature review of correlates of weight, weight-related behaviours, and interventions.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Health Promotion, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Obesity has increased to an epidemic level in the Gulf States. This systematic review is the first to explore the scientific evidence on correlates and interventions for overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25) or weight-related behaviours in the region. A systematic search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted using PubMed and PsycINFO. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12826
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12826DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Treatment of obesity in older persons-A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Medicine (Austin Health), University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

The study aims to systematically review the available evidence regarding weight loss interventions (lifestyle, surgical, and pharmacological) for obesity in adults aged over 60 years. A search of prospective, randomized studies took place in January 2018, on Medline (Web of Science) and PubMed databases. Search terms included the following: elderly, obese, hypocaloric, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12815DOI Listing
January 2019

Understanding the impact of rural weight loss interventions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Health Promotion, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Rural adults have a higher risk of developing obesity than urban adults. Several evidence-based interventions have targeted rural regions, but their impact, defined as reach (number and representativeness of participants) by effectiveness, has not been examined. The purpose of this review was to determine the impact of rural weight loss interventions and the availability of data across dimensions of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12825DOI Listing
January 2019
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Maternal obesity in pregnancy impacts offspring cardiometabolic health: Systematic review and meta-analysis of animal studies.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amsterdam Reproduction and Development Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Obesity before and during pregnancy leads to reduced offspring cardiometabolic health. Here, we systematically reviewed animal experimental evidence of maternal obesity before and during pregnancy and offspring anthropometry and cardiometabolic health. We systematically searched Embase and Medline from inception until January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12817DOI Listing
January 2019
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Are school-based physical activity interventions effective and equitable? A meta-analysis of cluster randomized controlled trials with accelerometer-assessed activity.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing at epidemic rates globally, with widening inequalities between advantaged and disadvantaged groups. Despite the promise of schools as a universal context to access and influence all children, the potential of school-based interventions to positively impact children's physical activity behaviour, and obesity risk, remains uncertain. We searched six electronic databases to February 2017 for cluster randomized trials of school-based physical activity interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12823DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Variation in the physical activity environment according to area-level socio-economic position-A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Global Obesity Centre, Centre for Population Health Research, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Physical inactivity is a major contributing factor to obesity, and both follow a socio-economic gradient. This systematic review aims to identify whether the physical activity environment varies by socio-economic position (SEP), which may contribute to socio-economic patterning of physical activity behaviours, and in turn, obesity levels. Six databases were searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12818DOI Listing
January 2019

The INFORMAS healthy food environment policy index (Food-EPI) in Mexico: An assessment of implementation gaps and priority recommendations.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Instituto Nacional De Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.

Mexico is one of the countries with the highest prevalence of obesity and recently declared a national epidemic of diabetes. Healthy food environments have the potential to improve the diet of the population and decrease the burden of disease. The aim of the study was to assess the efforts of the Mexican Government towards creating healthier food environments using the Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12814DOI Listing
January 2019
7.995 Impact Factor

Weight loss and lifestyle interventions for obstructive sleep apnoea in adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Mind, Brain, and Behaviour Research Centre, CIMCYC, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Lifestyle interventions addressing diet, exercise-training, sleep hygiene, and/or tobacco/alcohol cessation are recommended in the management of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Yet their effectiveness on this condition still requires further research. This systematic review and meta-analysis was aimed at establishing (a) the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and secondary OSA measures among adults, and (b) which intervention characteristics may drive the greatest improvements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12824DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Beyond the bone: Bone morphogenetic protein signaling in adipose tissue.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States.

The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the same superfamily as related to transforming growth factor β (TGFβ), growth and differentiation factors (GDFs), and activins. They were initially described as inducers of bone formation but are now known to be involved in morphogenetic activities and cell differentiation throughout the body, including the development of adipose tissue and adipogenic differentiation. BMP4 and BMP7 are the most studied BMPs in adipose tissue, with major roles in white adipogenesis and brown adipogenesis, respectively, but other BMPs such as BMP2, BMP6, and BMP8b as well as some inhibitors and modulators have been shown to also affect adipogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12822DOI Listing
January 2019

An 11-country study to benchmark the implementation of recommended nutrition policies by national governments using the Healthy Food Environment Policy Index, 2015-2018.

Obes Rev 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

The Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI) aims to assess the extent of implementation of recommended food environment policies by governments compared with international best practices and prioritize actions to fill implementation gaps. The Food-EPI was applied in 11 countries across six regions (2015-2018). National public health nutrition panels (n = 11-101 experts) rated the extent of implementation of 47 policy and infrastructure support good practice indicators by their government(s) against best practices, using an evidence document verified by government officials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12819DOI Listing
January 2019
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7.995 Impact Factor

Gender-related issues in the pharmacology of new anti-obesity drugs.

Obes Rev 2019 03 27;20(3):375-384. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Four new medicines-liraglutide, lorcaserin, bupropion/naltrexone, and phentermine/topiramate-have been recently added to the pharmacological arsenal for obesity treatment and could represent important tools to manage this epidemic disease. To achieve satisfactory anti-obesity goals, the use of these new medicines should be optimized and tailored to specific patient subpopulations also by applying dose adjustments if needed. In the present review, we posit that gender could be among the factors influencing the activity of the new obesity drugs both because of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12805
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12805DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Reply to letter to the editor: The effects of bariatric surgery on fracture risk: Is there a significant higher risk?

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of endocrinology and metabolism, Sichuan University West China Hospital, Chengdu, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12813DOI Listing
December 2018
7.995 Impact Factor

Metabolic surgery and iron homeostasis.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Iron deficiency and anaemia after metabolic surgery, potentially modifiable nutritional complications, are becoming an increasing cause for concern as prevalence increases with time and there is limited evidence supporting the effectiveness of the current guidelines for prophylactic oral iron supplementation and treatment for deficiency. Abnormalities in iron nutrition predisposing to deficiency are common in severely obese patients, and the low-grade systemic inflammation, also common to these patients, reduces the effectiveness of oral iron supplementation. The surgical procedures result in alterations of foregut anatomy and physiology, which limit iron absorptive capacity and daily food intake. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12811
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12811DOI Listing
December 2018
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Crosstalk between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiometabolic syndrome.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine/Wallenberg Lab, University of Gothenburg and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic condition characterized by fat accumulation combined with low-grade inflammation in the liver. A large body of clinical and experimental data shows that increased flux of free fatty acids from increased visceral adipose tissue and de novo lipogenesis can lead to NAFLD and insulin resistance. Thus, individuals with obesity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidaemia are at the greatest risk of developing NAFLD. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12820
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12820DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

The effect of screen advertising on children's dietary intake: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK.

Evidence indicates that screen advertising for unhealthy food results in significant increases in dietary intake among children. This review was undertaken with the main aim of estimating the quantitative effect of screen advertising in experimental and nonexperimental conditions on children's dietary intake. Systematic searches were undertaken of interdisciplinary databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12812DOI Listing
December 2018

Comprehensive identification of pleiotropic loci for body fat distribution using the NHGRI-EBI Catalog of published genome-wide association studies.

Obes Rev 2019 03 22;20(3):385-406. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

We conducted a hypothesis-free cross-trait analysis for waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (WHR ) loci derived through genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Summary statistics from published GWAS were used to capture all WHR single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and their proxy SNPs were identified. These SNPs were used to extract cross-trait associations between WHR SNPs and other traits through the NHGRI-EBI GWAS Catalog. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12806DOI Listing

Pre- and post-diagnosis body mass index and heart failure mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies reveals greater risk of being underweight than being overweight.

Obes Rev 2018 11 22;20(2):252-261. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objective: To investigate the dose-response association between pre- and post-diagnosis body mass index (BMI) and heart failure (HF) mortality.

Methods: Eligible observational studies were searched in databases, up to November 2017. We used random-effects generalized least squares spline models for trend estimation to derive pooled BMI unit-HF mortality relationship. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12777
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12777DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Twenty-five years of research about adipogenic adenoviruses: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.

Infectious etiology is implicated in chronic diseases such as gastric ulcer or atherosclerosis. However, "infection" is a recent term in the field of obesity. Since the first report in 1982 of obesity due to infection, several microbes have been linked to obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12808DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Identifying notions of environment in obesity research using a mixed-methods approach.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Copenhagen Centre for Health Research in the Humanities, The Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The recent rise of computation-based methods in social science has opened new opportunities for exploring qualitative questions through analysis of large amounts of text. This article uses a mixed-methods design that incorporates machine reading, network analysis, semantic analysis, and qualitative analysis of 414 highly cited publications on obesogenic environments between 2001 and 2015. The method produces an elaborate network map exhibiting five distinct notions of environment, all of which are currently active in the field of obesity research. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12807
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12807DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Delivering in-school interventions to improve dietary behaviours amongst 11- to 16-year-olds: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research and Centre for Health Psychology, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Childhood obesity is a global health concern, which has both short- and long-term health consequences for the individual, and is a potential burden on health care services and the wider economy. The school environment is a setting where changes can be applied to dietary behaviours, as schools have direct and intensive contact with children. This systematic review evaluated school-based interventions designed to improve dietary behaviours among adolescents (11- to 16-year-olds). Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12797
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12797DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Structural responses to the obesity and non-communicable diseases epidemic: Update on the Chilean law of food labelling and advertising.

Obes Rev 2019 03 13;20(3):367-374. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Chile approved the law of food labelling and advertising in 2012; this law aims to address the obesity epidemic, particularly in children. The implementation details were published in 2015, and the law was implemented finally in 2016, as described in the current article. Regulated foods were defined based on a specially developed nutrient profiling, which considered natural foods as gold standard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12802DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Preconception management of women with obesity: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine (Austin Health), University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Heights, Victoria, Australia.

The prevalence of women of child-bearing age with obesity continues to rise at an alarming rate. This has significant implications for both the short-term and long-term health of mother and offspring. Given the paucity of evidence-based literature in this field, the preconception management of women with obesity is highly variable both between institutions and around the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12804DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Do lifestyle interventions during pregnancy have the potential to reduce long-term postpartum weight retention? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Else Kroener-Fresenius Center for Nutritional Medicine, University Hospital Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Reducing postpartum weight retention is a promising strategy for addressing the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity in women. This systematic review and meta-analysis explored whether lifestyle interventions during pregnancy have the potential to reduce weight retention at 4 months postpartum and beyond. A search of five electronic databases for randomized controlled trials comparing the effect of weight-related lifestyle interventions beginning in pregnancy on postpartum weight retention to standard prenatal care groups was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12809DOI Listing
December 2018

Microbes: possible link between modern lifestyle transition and the rise of metabolic syndrome.

Obes Rev 2019 03 11;20(3):407-419. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

The rapid decrease in infectious diseases globally has coincided with an increase in the prevalence of obesity and other components of metabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance is a common feature of metabolic syndrome and can be influenced by genetic and non-genetic/environmental factors. The emergence of metabolic syndrome epidemics over only a few decades suggests a more prominent role of the latter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12784DOI Listing

Grey matter alterations in obesity: A meta-analysis of whole-brain studies.

Obes Rev 2019 03 10;20(3):464-471. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Center of Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Obesity is a major problem in the modern world causing a higher risk for various cerebrovascular diseases causing a profound individual and societal burden. The neurobiological foundation bears potential to understand the complex interaction of individual differences in brain structure and function and ingestive behaviour. This systematic review was performed on the current evidence of structural abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in patients with obesity based on studies published until December 2017, which were selected through search in PubMed, CENTER (Cochrane Library), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Ovid MEDLINE. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/obr.12799
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12799DOI Listing
March 2019
16 Reads

The effect of prepregnancy body mass index on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 03 10;20(3):472-486. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the prepregnancy BMI on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Five electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, and Google Scholar, were searched for literature published until 1 January 2018. The two-stage, random effect meta-analysis was performed to compare the dose-response relationship between BMI and GDM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12803DOI Listing
March 2019
7.995 Impact Factor

A systematic review of neighbourhood economic context on child obesity and obesity-related behaviours.

Authors:
Y Kim C Cubbin S Oh

Obes Rev 2019 03 5;20(3):420-431. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Steve Hicks School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Childhood obesity is of great importance given a third of children in the USA are overweight or obese. Previous research has examined neighbourhood economic context in relation to children's obesity and obesity-rated behaviours. However, different definitions and measures of neighbourhood context make it difficult to compare findings and make definitive conclusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12792DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Resveratrol supplementation significantly influences obesity measures: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Obes Rev 2019 03 5;20(3):487-498. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

This study aimed to summarize earlier randomized controlled trials on the effects of resveratrol supplementation on body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and fat mass (FM). We searched PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar from inception to April 2018 using relevant keywords. All clinical trials investigating the effects of resveratrol supplementation on BW, BMI, WC and FM in adults were included. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12775
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12775DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Rationale for novel intermittent dieting strategies to attenuate adaptive responses to energy restriction.

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:47-60

School of Health Sciences, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Launceston, TAS, Australia.

Eating patterns involving intermittent energy restriction (IER) include 'intermittent fasting' where energy intake is severely restricted for several 'fasting' days per week, with 'refeeding' days (involving greater energy intake than during fasting days) at other times. Intermittent fasting does not improve weight loss compared to continuous energy restriction (CER), where energy intake is restricted every day. We hypothesize that weight loss from IER could be improved if refeeding phases involved restoration of energy balance (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12787DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Compensation in response to energy deficits induced by exercise or diet.

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:36-46

School of Human Kinetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Obesity is an extremely resilient condition. Weight loss is most challenging, and weight recidivism is rampant. There is accumulating evidence highlighting that energy deficits meant to produce increased mobilization of energy stores trigger a number of somewhat persistent adaptations that together increase the drive to eat and decrease energy output. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12783DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Physical activity and the human body in the (increasingly smart) built environment.

Authors:
S Ulijaszek

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:84-93

Unit for Biocultural Variation and Obesity, School of Anthropology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Physical activity in the built environment of high income countries may be changing faster than at any time prior to the 2000s, with the engagement of social media, smart devices and increasing urban smartness that has come with the Internet of Things. This article describes the most salient features of built environments that have facilitated physical activity between the 1980s and 2000s (most importantly walkability and active transport with bicycles). It goes on to use the anthropological three bodies framework in association with that of forms of capital, to explore how the use of smart devices and increasing incorporation of smartness and performativity into architecture and urban planning since the 2000s might influence physical activity. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12790
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12790DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

How much exercise should be promoted to raise total daily energy expenditure and improve health?

Authors:
N M Byrne A P Hills

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:14-23

School of Health Sciences, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia.

Despite longstanding recognition of the benefits of a physically active lifestyle, there remains ambiguity regarding exactly how much exercise should be promoted to raise total energy expenditure (TEE) and improve health. This review provides a brief summary of the dose-response relationship between physical activity and relative risk of morbidity and mortality; mechanisms through which exercise drives an increase in TEE; the highest reported levels of TEE measured via doubly labelled water; and the potential impact of non-compliance and confounders in moderating the contribution of exercise to increase TEE. Cohort studies provide a compelling argument that 'more is better' regarding the exercise dose for increasing TEE, that increasing TEE is protective for health, and that this is mediated through increased cardiorespiratory fitness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12788DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Regulation of intestinal growth in response to variations in energy supply and demand.

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:61-72

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

The growth of the intestine requires energy, which is known to be met by catabolism of ingested nutrients. Paradoxically, during whole body energy deficit including calorie restriction, the intestine grows in size. To understand how and why this happens, we reviewed data from several animal models of energetic challenge. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12780
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334514PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Modulation of thermogenesis and metabolic health: a built environment perspective.

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:94-101

Department of Nutrition and Movement Sciences, NUTRIM Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Lifestyle interventions, obviating the increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, generally focus on nutrition and physical activity. Environmental factors are hardly covered. Because we spend on average more that 90% of our time indoors, it is, however, relevant to address these factors. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12789
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12789DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Hunter-gatherers as models in public health.

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:24-35

School of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Hunter-gatherer populations are remarkable for their excellent metabolic and cardiovascular health and thus are often used as models in public health, in an effort to understand the root, evolutionary causes of non-communicable diseases. Here, we review recent work on health, activity, energetics and diet among hunter-gatherers and other small-scale societies (e.g. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12785
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12785DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Changes in physical activity over the lifespan: impact on body composition and sarcopenic obesity.

Authors:
K R Westerterp

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:8-13

NUTRIM, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Physical activity and body composition show a typical pattern over the lifecycle. Fat-free mass and physical performance generally peak in early adulthood. Here, evidence for a relation between physical activity changes over the life span and the development of sarcopenic obesity is presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12781DOI Listing
December 2018

Gender-specific considerations in physical activity, thermogenesis and fat oxidation: implications for obesity management.

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:73-83

Human Nutrition Unit, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

With current 'one-size-fits-all' obesity prevention and management strategies proving largely ineffective, the focus has shifted towards a more tailored, individualized approach. However, investigation of the mechanisms underlying inter-individual variability in metabolic profile and response to intervention often yield conflicting results. Indeed, it is perhaps surprising that despite at least a century of recognition that sex hormones influence metabolism, firm conclusions regarding the effects of the menstrual cycle, hormonal contraception and menopause on many aspects of energy expenditure and substrate utilization remain to be drawn. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12779DOI Listing
December 2018
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Targeting lifestyle energy expenditure in the management of obesity and health: from biology to built environment.

Obes Rev 2018 12;19 Suppl 1:3-7

Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Cardiovascular System, Faculty of Sciences and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

Increasing lifestyle energy expenditure has long been advocated in the prevention and treatment of obesity, as embodied in the ancient prescription of Hippocrates (the 'father of modern medicine') that people with obesity should eat less and exercise more. However, the long-term outcome of exercise alone or in combination with dieting in obesity management is poor. To understand the reasons underlying these failures and to develop novel strategies that target lifestyle energy expenditure in both prevention and treatment of obesity, research over the past decades has focused on (i) the interactions between physical activity and body weight (and its composition) throughout the lifespan; (ii) the influence of biology and potential compensatory changes in energy expenditure, food intake and food assimilation in response to energy deficits; and (iii) the impact of the built environment (outdoor and indoor) and smart technology on physical activity behaviours, thermoregulatory thermogenesis and metabolic health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12786DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Sarcopenia in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: is it a clinically significant entity?

Obes Rev 2019 02 25;20(2):353-363. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Paediatrics (LEMP), University of Antwerp, Wilrijk (Antwerp), Belgium.

Sarcopenia, described as the loss of muscle mass and/or strength, is gaining importance as it can be increasingly related to many chronic diseases. It is also associated with chronic liver disease, and recently it has been more frequently linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in particular. Both sarcopenia and NAFLD are subject to complex and intermingled pathophysiological processes, of which some are in common. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12776
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12776DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

The role of mindfulness in physical activity: a systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 03 23;20(3):448-463. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Faculty of Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

Despite continued public health campaigns to promote physical activity, a majority of the population is inactive. In recent years, mindfulness-based approaches have been used in health and lifestyle interventions for physical activity promotion. We conducted a systematic literature review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to investigate the evidence for the potential of mindfulness-based approaches for physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12795DOI Listing
March 2019
17 Reads

Brief tools to measure obesity-related behaviours in children under 5 years of age: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2019 03 23;20(3):432-447. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in the Early Prevention of Obesity in Childhood, Sydney School of Public Health, Level 6, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction: Valid and reliable tools for measuring obesity-related behaviours in young children that are brief and can be administered quickly and cost-effectively in large-scale population studies are needed. The objectives of this systematic review were to describe brief tools that measure dietary intake, physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep in young children.

Methods: A systematic review of studies published in English in six databases (CINAHL, Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, HaPI, and Cochrane) prior to April 2018 was undertaken using the PROSPERO protocol and PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/obr.12801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12801DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads
7.995 Impact Factor

Low glycaemic index diets as an intervention for obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2019 02 20;20(2):290-315. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Endocrinology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objectives: Low glycaemic index (GI) diets may aid in weight loss by reducing postprandial blood glucose excursions, leading to more stable blood glucose concentrations and therefore a reduction in hunger. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing low GI diets with other diet types.

Methods: We included 101 studies involving 109 study arms and 8,527 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12791DOI Listing
February 2019
115 Reads
8.483 Impact Factor