658 results match your criteria Obesity Facts [Journal]


Adipokines Regulate the Expression of Tumor-Relevant MicroRNAs.

Obes Facts 2019 Apr 18;12(2):211-225. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.

Background: Increasing prevalence of obesity requires the investigation of respective comorbidities, including tumor diseases like colorectal, renal, post-menopausal breast, prostate cancer, and leukemia. To date, molecular mechanisms of the malignant transformation of these peripheral tissues induced by obesity remain unclear. Adipose tissue secretes factors with hormone-like functions, the adipokines, and is therefore categorized as an endocrine organ. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496625
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496625DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Effects of an Intensive Inpatient Rehabilitation Program in Elderly Patients with Obesity.

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 29;12(2):199-210. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Dipartimento di Medicina, Università degli Studi di Padova, Padua, Italy,

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the short-term effectiveness of an intensive inpatient multidimensional rehabilitation program (MRP), including diet, exercise, and behavioral therapy, in elderly patients with severe obesity.

Methods: Forty-four elderly patients (old; age 69.3 ± 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497461DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Secretion of Gut Hormones and Expression of Sweet Taste Receptors and Glucose Transporters in a Rat Model of Obesity.

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 29;12(2):190-198. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Renji Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China,

Objectives: This study was undertaken to compare gut hormone secretion between high-fat-fed and control rats, and to examine the corresponding changes in the expression of sweet taste receptors and glucose transporters in the small intestine and hypothalamus.

Methods: Four-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats were fed a standard or high-fat diet for 8 weeks (10 in each group), followed by an oral glucose tolerance test (50% glucose solution, 2 g/kg). Blood was sampled for glucose, insulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and polypeptide YY (PYY) assays. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497122DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Impact of Obesity on the Metabolic Control of Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Turkish Nationwide Survey of Glycemic and Other Metabolic Parameters of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (TEMD Obesity Study).

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 20;12(2):167-178. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Obesity is the main obstacle for metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Turkey has the highest prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Europe. The effect of obesity on the metabolic control, and the macro- and microvascular complications of patients are not apparent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496624DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Baseline Dietary Restraint Predicts Negative Treatment Outcomes after 12 Months in Children and Adolescents with Obesity Participating in a Lifestyle Intervention.

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 20;12(2):179-189. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Human Medicine, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Objective: Current lifestyle interventions for children and adolescents with obesity often exclude patients with an eating pathology, leaving the impact of eating pathologies on treatment outcomes largely unconsidered. We investigated the predictive value of disordered eating symptoms on BMI z-score reduction in a sample of 111 German children and adolescents with overweight (90th percentile ≤ BMI < 97th percentile) and obesity (BMI > 97th percentile) aged 7-15 years in an outpatient lifestyle intervention program.

Methods: We defined a BMI z-score reduction of more than 5% after 12 months as a successful outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496940DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Quality of Life 10 Years after Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Multicenter Study.

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 15;12(2):157-166. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Vienna Medical University, Vienna, Austria.

Objective: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has recently become the most commonly applied bariatric procedure worldwide. Substantial regaining of weight or severe reflux might compromise quality of life (QOL) after SG in the long-term follow-up. Long-term data on patients' QOL is limited, even though the persistent improvement in QOL is one of the aims of bariatric surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496296DOI Listing

Effect of Obesity on Cognitive Function among School Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 13;12(2):150-156. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Childhood obesity contributes to the risk of numerous health problems and has become a major global health concern. This study aimed to establish the association between obesity and cognitive function among healthy school adolescents.

Methods: This study was carried out by taking school adolescents (n = 400) from June 2016 to December 2017. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/499386
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499386DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Global Evolution of Obesity Research in Children and Youths: Setting Priorities for Interventions and Policies.

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 13;12(2):137-149. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Background: Childhood obesity has become a major global epidemic that causes substantial social and health burdens worldwide. The effectiveness of childhood obesity control and prevention depends largely on understanding the issue, including its current development and associated factors in a contextualized perspective.

Objectives: Our study aimed to gauge this kind of understanding. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/497121
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497121DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.705 Impact Factor

The ABCD of Obesity: An EASO Position Statement on a Diagnostic Term with Clinical and Scientific Implications.

Obes Facts 2019 Mar 7;12(2):131-136. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO), Teddington, United Kingdom.

Obesity is a frequent, serious, complex, relapsing, and chronic disease process that represents a major public health problem. The coining of obesity as an adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD) is of particular relevance being in line with EASO's proposal to improve the International Classification of Diseases ICD-11 diagnostic criteria for obesity based on three dimensions, namely etiology, degree of adiposity, and health risks. The body mass index as a unique measurement of obesity does not reflect the whole complexity of the disease. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/497124
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497124DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Overweight and Obesity in the Russian Population: Prevalence in Adults and Association with Socioeconomic Parameters and Cardiovascular Risk Factors.

Obes Facts 2019 7;12(1):103-114. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and geographic distribution of overweight and obesity in Russian adults aged 25-64 years as well as the association between chronic risk factors and obesity.

Methods: Data were obtained from the survey "Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Diseases and Its Risk Factors in Some Regions of the Russian Federation" (ESSE-RF). This is a large cross-sectional multicenter population-based study that included interviews and medical examination (anthropometry, blood pressure [BP] measurement, and laboratory analysis) applied in 2012-2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493885DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Influence of Acute Physical Activity on Stress Reactivity in Obese and Normal Weight Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Obes Facts 2019 7;12(1):115-130. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Obstetric Service, Department Women-Mother-Child, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Objective: Physical activity (PA) may influence acute stress reactivity in children differently depending on their weight. This randomized controlled trial investigated the impact of acute PA and of BMI status (overweight/obese (OB/OW) and normal weight (NW) on stress reactivity.

Method: 50 prepubertal children (24 OW/OB and 26 NW) were randomly assigned to the PA or sedentary arm (SED) for 30 min followed by a stress task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494294DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Treatment of Hypothalamic Obesity with Dextroamphetamine: A Case Series.

Obes Facts 2019 7;12(1):91-102. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Medical Center, Ulm, Germany.

Background: A limited number of published case reports suggest a positive effect of dextroamphetamine, an adrenergic agonist affecting both the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system, on physical activity and weight in patients with hypothalamic obesity (intractable obesity following CNS insult). Here, we present our clinical experience with dextroamphetamine treatment for hypothalamic obesity.

Methods: The clinical course of all patients started on dextroamphetamine treatment for severe hypothalamic obesity at our institution between 2010 and 2013 is reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495851DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The Prevalence of Metabolically Healthy and Unhealthy Obesity according to Different Criteria.

Obes Facts 2019 27;12(1):78-90. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Evidence-Based Medical Center, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China,

Objective: Obesity-related disease risks may vary depending on whether the subject has metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) or metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO). At least 5 definitions/criteria of obesity and metabolic disorders have been documented in the literature, yielding uncertainties in a reliable international comparison of obesity phenotype prevalence. This report aims to compare differences in MHO and MUO prevalence according to the 5 most frequently used definitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495852DOI Listing
February 2019

Gender- and Age-Specific Associations between Visceral Obesity and Renal Function Impairment.

Obes Facts 2019 6;12(1):67-77. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Family Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan,

Objective: Although obesity is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, this trend becomes nonsignificant following adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors. The present study aims to investigate whether visceral obesity is independently associated with renal function impairment.

Method: The medical records of 14,529 male and 10,561 female Chinese adults undergoing health check-ups during 2013-2015 were retrospectively collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496626DOI Listing
February 2019

The Moderating Role of Social Neighbourhood Factors in the Association between Features of the Physical Neighbourhood Environment and Weight Status.

Obes Facts 2019 23;12(1):14-24. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, VU Medical Centre Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands,

Background: This paper investigated the independent and joint associations between aspects of the physical neighbourhood environment and social neighbourhood factors with BMI and overweight status in European adults.

Methods: Data from 5,199 participants in the SPOTLIGHT survey were analysed. Participants reported on their height, weight and perceptions of the neighbourhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496118DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

European Practical and Patient-Centred Guidelines for Adult Obesity Management in Primary Care.

Obes Facts 2019 23;12(1):40-66. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Integrative Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland,

The first contact for patients with obesity for any medical treatment or other issues is generally with General Practitioners (GPs). Therefore, given the complexity of the disease, continuing GPs' education on obesity management is essential. This article aims to provide obesity management guidelines specifically tailored to GPs, favouring a practical patient-centred approach. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496183
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496183DOI Listing
January 2019
33 Reads

Age- and Sex-Related Percentiles of Skinfold Thickness, Waist and Hip Circumference, Waist-to-Hip Ratio and Waist-to-Height Ratio: Results from a Population-Based Pediatric Cohort in Germany (LIFE Child).

Obes Facts 2019 23;12(1):25-39. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

LIFE Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany,

Background: Skinfold thickness (ST), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) measurements are simple methods for assessing fat tissue at defined body parts. We examined these parameters in a cohort of healthy children and adolescents in Leipzig. Our study provides current percentile curves for biceps, triceps, subscapular and iliac crest ST, plus WC, HC, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494767DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Associations between Lifetime Adversity and Obesity Treatment in Patients with Morbid Obesity.

Obes Facts 2019 17;12(1):1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Endocrinology, Akershus University Hospital HF, Lørenskog, Norway,

Background: Bariatric surgery is associated with greater and more sustainable weight loss compared with lifestyle intervention programs. On the other hand, bariatric surgery may also be associated with physical and psychosocial complications. The influence of psychological evaluation on treatment choice, however, is not known. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494333
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494333DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Adipocyte ADRB3 Down-Regulated in Chinese Overweight Individuals Adipocyte ADRB3 in Overweight.

Obes Facts 2018 21;11(6):524-533. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Endocrinology, Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China,

Objectives: Activation of β3-adrenoceptor (ADRB3) is essential in the process of human adipose tissue browning, but obese subjects suffered from reduced ability of brown adipose tissue activation. The present study aims to detect the adipocyte ADRB3 expression in overweight individuals and the relationship between adipocyte ADRB3 expression and adiposity in adults.

Methods: Visceral adipose tissue samples were obtained from 85 subjects who underwent abdominal surgery. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495116
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341365PMC
December 2018
12 Reads
1.705 Impact Factor

The Relationship between Weight Status and Depressive Symptoms in a Population Sample with Obesity: The Mediating Role of Appearance Evaluation.

Obes Facts 2018 14;11(6):514-523. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Integrated Research and Treatment Center (IFB) AdiposityDiseases, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Objectives: Identifying the underlying pathways between obesity and depression and which individuals with obesity are at risk for developing depressive symptoms is important for improving prevention and treatment efforts. The current study investigated appearance evaluation as a potential mediator of the relationship between obesity and depression.

Methods: A total of 1,000 participants with a self-reported BMI greater than 30 kg/m2 were interviewed about their experiences with an elevated body weight and completed measures on appearance evaluation and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341343PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Patient Perspective in Obesity Surgery: Goals for Weight Loss and Improvement of Body Shape in a Prospective Cohort Study.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(6):466-474. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Hospital Mittelbaden, Baden-Baden, Germany.

Objective: Obesity surgery provides sustainable weight loss, improvement of comorbidities, and improved quality of life (QOL). There is few evidence on the patient perspective and goals. This study compared expected and achieved weight loss, body shape, and QOL. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493372
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341368PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Insulin Pump Therapy - Influence on Body Fat Redistribution, Skeletal Muscle Mass and Ghrelin, Leptin Changes in T1D Patients.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(6):454-464. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Clinic of Internal Medicine, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin (JFM CU), Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Background: To report changes in body composition and biochemical parameters in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) after switching from multiple daily injection (MDI) to continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII).

Methods: 31 patients switched over from MDI to CSII. Body composition, biochemical parameters, glycaemic variability (GV) and level of physical activity were evaluated before and 6 months on CSII. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493734
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493734DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341325PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Erratum

Authors:

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(6):465. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The article by Paulus GF, Konings G, Bouvy ND, van Heurn LWE, Greve JW: Long-Term Follow-Up Is Essential to Assess Outcome of Gastric Banding in Morbidly Obese Adolescents: A Retrospective Analysis. Obes Facts 2016; 9: 344–352 (DOI: 10.1159/000448193) was published with a serious error. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341358PMC
December 2018

A Study of Anti-Fat Bias among Danish General Practitioners and Whether This Bias and General Practitioners' Lifestyle Can Affect Treatment of Tension Headache in Patients with Obesity.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(6):501-513. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: The study investigated whether treatment options for episodic tension-type headache vary among general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark depending on the patients' weight status and gender, and whether these decisions can be explained by the GPs' own anti-fat bias and lifestyle.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study with responses from 240 GPs on measures of anti-fat bias, healthiness of GPs' lifestyles, and reported patient treatment decisions.

Results: GPs tended to exhibit negative explicit and implicit anti-fat bias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341345PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Cortisol Stress Reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test in Obese Adults.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(6):491-500. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Clinic and Policlinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medicine Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Objective: Approximately 600 million adults worldwide suffer from obesity. In addition to individual's eating behavior and lack of physical activity in the development of obesity and overweight, psychosocial stress as well as hormonal stress reactivity must also be considered as important contributing factors. In the current study we compared the cortisol stress response pathway in a psychosocial stress induction (Trier Social Stress Test; TSST) with obese individuals and normal-weight controls. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493533
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341320PMC
December 2018
19 Reads

Effects of Weight Loss on Glutathione Peroxidase 3 Serum Concentrations and Adipose Tissue Expression in Human Obesity.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(6):475-490. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany,

Background/aims: Altered expression and circulating levels of glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3) have been observed in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) across species. Here, we investigate whether GPX3 serum concentrations and adipose tissue (AT) GPX3 mRNA expression are related to obesity and weight loss.

Methods: GPX3 serum concentration was measured in 630 individuals, including a subgroup (n = 293) for which omental and subcutaneous (SC) GPX3 mRNA expression has been analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341324PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Satietogenic Protein from Tamarind Seeds Decreases Food Intake, Leptin Plasma and CCK-1r Gene Expression in Obese Wistar Rats.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(6):440-453. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Nutrition Postgraduate Program, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil,

Objective: This study evaluated the effect of a protein, the isolated Trypsin Inhibitor (TTI) from Tamarindus indica L. seed, as a CCK secretagogue and its action upon food intake and leptin in obese Wistar rats.

Methods: Three groups of obese rats were fed 10 days one of the following diets: Standard diet (Labina®) + water; High Glycemic Index and Load (HGLI) diet + water or HGLI diet + TTI. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492733
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492733DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341364PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Plasma Oxytocin Concentration in Pre- and Postmenopausal Women: Its Relationship with Obesity, Body Composition and Metabolic Variables.

Obes Facts 2018 30;11(5):429-439. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between oxytocin, menopause and obesity.

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis on 56 obese (OB; 28 premenopausal) and 53 normal-weight women (NW; 27 premenopausal) was performed by measurement of oxytocin, leptin, adiponectin, gonadotropins, sex steroids, glucose, and lipid homeostasis as well as DXA assessment of fat mass (%FM) and fat-free mass (FFM).

Results: Women from NW and OB groups were comparable for age but differed in anthropometric measures. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257199PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Clinical Practice Recommendations for the Management of Obesity in the United Arab Emirates.

Obes Facts 2018 30;11(5):413-428. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

With rapid urbanisation and improved living conditions as a result of rising incomes in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, obesity has become a major and growing health problem for the region. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a resident population of 9.3 million (in 2016), many of whom (85. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/491796
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491796DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257093PMC
October 2018
19 Reads

A 12-Month Lifestyle Intervention Program Improves Body Composition and Reduces the Prevalence of Prediabetes in Obese Patients.

Obes Facts 2018 17;11(5):393-399. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Background: The present study investigated the effects of a 12-month interdisciplinary standardized lifestyle program addressing physical activity and changes in dietary and lifestyle behavior in 2,227 obese prediabetic participants.

Methods: Measures of obesity (BMI, waist circumference), cardiopulmonary fitness, and metabolic parameters were determined before and after the intervention period.

Results: From the 2,227 participants who were initially prediabetic, 839 participants (-37. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492604
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492604DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257085PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Cancers Potentially Preventable through Excess Weight Reduction in Germany in 2010.

Obes Facts 2018 17;11(5):400-412. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Objective: In order to quantify the preventive potential of body weight reduction in Germany, population-attributable risks (PARs) were estimated for 13 cancer types.

Methods: PARs were calculated using body weight prevalence from a nationwide survey from 1998, cancer incidence estimates for 2010 from cancer registry data and relative risk estimates from published meta-analyses. Three counterfactual scenarios were evaluated: reducing BMI to maximally 21 kg/m² (main analysis) and weight reductions among overweight and obese persons of 5% and 10%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257089PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Overnutrition and Scholastic Achievement: Is There a Relationship? An 8-Year Follow-Up Study.

Obes Facts 2018 12;11(5):344-359. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the association between overnutrition and scholastic achievement (SA).

Methods: A representative and proportional sample of 477 children of the 5th elementary school grade of both genders was randomly chosen during 2010, in the Metropolitan Region of Chile. SA was measured through the 2009 Education Quality Measurement System (SIMCE) tests of language (LSA), mathematics (MSA) and understanding of the natural environment (UNESA). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257092PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Forecasting Future Trends in Obesity across Europe: The Value of Improving Surveillance.

Obes Facts 2018 12;11(5):360-371. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Objective: To project the prevalence of obesity across the WHO European region and examine whether the WHO target of halting obesity at 2010 levels by 2025 is achievable.

Methods: BMI data were collected from online databases and the literature. Past and present BMI trends were extrapolated to 2025 using a non-linear categorical regression model fitted to nationally representative survey data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257099PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Factors Associated with High Weight Gain and Obesity Duration: The Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Study.

Obes Facts 2018 12;11(5):381-392. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Aim: To identify factors associated with high weight gain and obesity duration in a representative sample of Norwegian women.

Methods: 66,618 Norwegian women aged 34-70 years at baseline were included in the analysis. Baseline and follow-up questionnaires completed in 1991-2011 provided information on height, weight as well as sociodemographic, lifestyle and reproductive factors. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257091PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Joining Parents' Bed at Night and Overweight among 2- to 6-Year-Old Children - Results from the 'Healthy Start' Randomized Intervention.

Obes Facts 2018 12;11(5):372-380. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Objective: Parental and child co-sleeping has been suggested as a risk factor for short sleep duration and poor sleep quality that may lead to overweight. We examined if joining parent's bed during night was associated with child overweight.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 'Healthy Start' study including 635 2- to 6-year-old Danish children, who were all considered obesity prone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257147PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

High Dietary ω-6:ω-3 PUFA Ratio Is Positively Associated with Excessive Adiposity and Waist Circumference.

Obes Facts 2018 10;11(4):344-353. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Medical Molecular Biology Service, "Fray Antonio Alcalde" Civil Hospital of Guadalajara, Department of Molecular Biology and Genomics, University Center of Health Sciences, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze dietary ω-6:ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratio and its association with adiposity and serum adiponectin levels in a Mexican population.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, individuals with a BMI ≥ 18.5 kg/m2, were classified using four methods to measure adiposity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189529PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Body Weight Reduction Associated with the Sibutramine Treatment: Overall Results of the PRIMAVERA Primary Health Care Trial.

Obes Facts 2018 9;11(4):335-343. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Endocrinology Research Center, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of long-term sibutramine therapy in routine clinical practice.

Methods: In total, 98,774 patients (82.3% women, 17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189539PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Short-Term Microbiota Manipulation and Forearm Substrate Metabolism in Obese Men: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Obes Facts 2018 9;11(4):318-326. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objective: To investigate the impact of gut microbiota manipulation on fasting and postprandial skeletal muscle metabolism in humans.

Methods: 40 obese, insulin-resistant males were randomized to amoxicillin (broad-spectrum antibiotic), vancomycin (narrow-spectrum antibiotic), or placebo (7 days, 1,500 mg/day). Before and after treatment, forearm blood flow and metabolite fluxes across forearm muscle were measured under fasting and postprandial (high-fat mixed-meal) conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189533PMC
August 2018
1 Read

The Effects of Electrical Acupuncture and Essential Amino Acid Supplementation on Sarcopenic Obesity in Male Older Adults: A Randomized Control Study.

Obes Facts 2018 9;11(4):327-334. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Acupuncture, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: Aging which is accompanied by loss of skeletal muscle and increase of body fat in some adults older than 60 years does not only result in remarkable influences on daily life function but also increases the risk of cardiovascular events. This study used electrical acupuncture together with essential amino acid supplementation to treat sarcopenic obesity (SO) in male older adults.

Methods: A total of 48 male participants with SO (>60 years old) were randomized to electrical acupuncture with oral essential amino acids (EA + AA) or oral essential amino acids alone (AA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491797DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189537PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Media Use and Physical Activity Behaviour of Adolescent Participants in Obesity Therapy: Impact Analysis of Selected Socio-Demographic Factors.

Obes Facts 2018 1;11(4):307-317. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Institute of Exercise and Public Health, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: To address the challenge of juvenile obesity, effective therapeutic concepts focusing on lifestyle changes are necessary. A relevant aspect is the media use, which is associated with nutrition and physical activity patterns and is influenced by socio-demographic factors. To optimise obesity therapy, the use of media depending on these socio-demographic factors needs to be analysed to adjust the aims, content and methods of interventions as well as to harness the potential of media use in obesity therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189527PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Sarcopenic Obesity: Time to Meet the Challenge.

Obes Facts 2018 18;11(4):294-305. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Internal Medicine, Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italyey.

The prevalence of overweight and obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide due to increasingly pervasive obesogenic lifestyle changes. Obesity poses unprecedented individual, social, and multidisciplinary medical challenges by increasing the risk for metabolic diseases, chronic organ failures, and cancer as well as complication rates in the presence of acute disease conditions. Whereas reducing excess adiposity remains the fundamental pathogenic treatment for obese individuals, complex metabolic and lifestyle abnormalities as well as weight reduction therapies per se may also compromise the ability to preserve muscle function and mass, especially when chronic disease co-exists with obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189532PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Erratum.

Authors:

Obes Facts 2018 18;11(4):306. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491813DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189531PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Body Mass Index Categories and Attained Height in Portuguese Adults.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(4):287-293. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

School of Nursing, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; Research Center in Child Studies, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Objective: To analyze the associations between height and BMI categories in a Portuguese representative sample.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 32,644 Portuguese adults (52.4% females). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491754DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189534PMC
July 2018
17 Reads

Where Do You Look? Visual Attention to Human Bodies across the Weight Spectrum in Individuals with Normal Weight or with Obesity.

Obes Facts 2018 11;11(4):277-286. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Objective: We investigated how individuals with normal weight (NW) versus individuals with obesity (OB) visually explore human bodies varying in BMI.

Methods: 16 OB (BMI 37.5 ± 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000489787DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189528PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Current Guidelines for Obesity Prevention in Childhood and Adolescence.

Obes Facts 2018 4;11(3):263-276. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Objective: Current guidelines for prevention of obesity in childhood and adolescence are discussed.

Methods: A literature search was performed in Medline via PubMed, and appropriate studies were analyzed.

Results: Programs to prevent childhood obesity have so far remained mainly school-based and effects have been limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000486512DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103347PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

The Viennese EDDY Study as a Role Model for Obesity: Prevention by Means of Nutritional and Lifestyle Interventions.

Obes Facts 2018 30;11(3):247-256. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Objectives: Obesity in children and adolescents is a worldwide dramatic health problem, for which treatment is mostly unsuccessful. Therefore, prevention is the most important measure to tackle this problem. The 'EDDY' study as an interventional cohort study with a 1-year lifestyle intervention aimed to affect the lifestyle and nutrition habits of adolescents by intervention with nutritional training and sports programs to prevent obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103361PMC
June 2018
18 Reads

Prevention Models of Childhood Obesity in Sweden.

Obes Facts 2018 30;11(3):257-262. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

The impact of childhood obesity on the Swedish Health Care system is described. Childhood Obesity and Diabetes Type 2 is increasing for the last 10 years, but not Diabetes Type 1. Thus, prevention is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000482009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103373PMC
June 2018
22 Reads

SALTO - Study Protocol and Rationale of a Community-Oriented Obesity Prevention Program in the Kindergarten.

Obes Facts 2018 30;11(3):234-246. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Background: The prevalence of early childhood overweight and obesity in Austria has reached average European levels of 20% in boys and 18% in girls. The rationale and study protocol of SALTO, Salzburg Together against Obesity will be presented, which is aimed to assist adults in increasing the rate of 4- to 6-year-old children with a healthy body weight.

Methods: A controlled longitudinal sequential study design consisting of 14 intervention (IK) and 8 control (CK) kindergarten was used to investigate the effect of actions tailored for teachers and parents on BMI among 4- to 6-year-old children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103335PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Differential Associations of Walking and Cycling with Body Weight, Body Fat and Fat Distribution - the ACTI-Cités Project.

Obes Facts 2018 22;11(3):221-231. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Background: Research on the associations between walking and cycling with obesity-related phenotypes is growing but relies mostly on the use of BMI. The purpose of this study was to analyze associations of walking and cycling behaviors assessed separately with various obesity markers in French adults.

Methods: In 12,776 adult participants (71. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103342PMC
June 2018
18 Reads