Reprod Toxicol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:
Maternal obesity is associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes including stillbirth, and their etiology is thought to be related to placental and fetal hypoxia. In this study, we sought to investigate the levels of lactate in maternal and umbilical cord blood, a well characterized biomarker for hypoxia, and expression of plasma membrane lactate transporter MCT1 and MCT4 in the placental syncytiotrophoblast (STB), which are responsible for lactate uptake and extrusion, respectively, from pregnant women with a diagnosis of obesity following a Cesarean delivery at term. With use of approaches including immunofluorescence staining, Western blot, RT-qPCR and ELISA, our results revealed that in controls the expression of MCT1 was equally observed between basal (fetal-facing, BM) and microvillous (maternal-facing, MVM) membrane of the STB, whereas MCT4 was predominantly expressed in the MVM but barely detected in the BM. Read More