207 results match your criteria OTJR: Occupation Participation and Health[Journal]
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Nov 26:1539449218813906. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
1 University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA.
The commercial popularity of smart home (SH) technology has broadened the scope of aging-in-place and home health occupational therapy. The objective of this article is to examine ownership of SH technology by older adults, their readiness to adopt SH technology, and identify the client factors relating to the adoption. A survey of older adults aged 60 and above living in the community was conducted. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Nov 22:1539449218813702. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
1 Cleveland State University, OH, USA.
Success at university may be influenced by concerns with occupation and occupational performance. To understand occupations of concern and occupational performance among a sample ( N = 144) of university students in the Midwest United States, the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure was administered. Socially related ( n = 103), academic-related ( n = 75), and work-related ( n = 64) occupations were the three most frequently reported occupational concerns. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Nov 22:1539449218812150. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
1 Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
The aim of this study was to translate the Measure of Quality of the Environment-Short Form (MQE-SF) into Turkish language and to evaluate the validity and reliability. The MQE-SF was culturally adapted via an internationally suggested method. A total of 185 volunteers with disabilities (age range = 18-55 y/o, 107 males; 78 females) from the Disabled People Association of Turkey completed the MQE-SF. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Nov 22:1539449218813849. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
2 Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.
The purpose of this study is to describe important features of occupational therapy practice for treatment of military service members with chronic symptoms and a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in a military concussion care clinic from service members' perspectives with support from occupational therapy practitioners. Two series of focus groups were conducted with service members with chronic mTBI-related symptoms ( n = 6) and practitioners ( n = 5). Data were analyzed concurrently with collection. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Nov 21:1539449218812711. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
1 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
Attribution of importance and satisfaction with performance are key dimensions contributing to engagement in occupations. This study explored caregiver satisfaction with and importance attributed to the participation of their children and adolescents in household tasks. Participants included 109 caregivers of children and adolescents of both sexes, aged 6 to 14 years, from various socioeconomic levels. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Nov 12:1539449218809943. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
1 Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.
Pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumor survivors are at risk for experiencing cognitive late effects (CLEs). Caregivers of survivors may be unaware of these changes or receive untimely information regarding CLEs. Conversely, health care providers (HCPs) may face barriers to providing education. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Nov 7:1539449218808276. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
1 The University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA.
Studies of validity of a new caregiver report measure, the Children's Occupational Performance Questionnaire (COPQ) designed to address children's performance in the domains of personal and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), social participation, play/leisure, and education/work are presented. I examined criterion-related and discriminant validity of the COPQ. Criterion-related validity was addressed by correlating children's COPQ scores with those from the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (VABS-II). Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 31:1539449218808278. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
1 University of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland.
Occupational therapy practitioners consider spirituality to be significant in affecting the process and outcome of occupational therapy; however, many therapists voice confusion and concern about its application within their practice. This study aimed to describe the personal definition of spirituality of young occupational therapy practitioners and their perspectives on its application to their practice. The data were collected using a self-prepared questionnaire with both opened and close questions. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 31:1539449218808277. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
2 Johns Hopkins University Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA.
For older adults aging in place, community mobility affects a constellation of interconnected occupations and can become a problematic aspect of the person-place relationship. The purpose of this research was to examine an older couple's mutually negotiated change in their community mobility and navigation patterns. Spatial data (using global positioning system [GPS] trackers), maps, activity logs, interviews, and well-being measures were collected longitudinally for both members of a long-married community-dwelling couple. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 8:1539449218804529. Epub 2018 Oct 8.
1 East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.
Handwriting assessments offer practitioners an objective measure to determine handwriting deficits, track student progress, and provide evidence for the use of occupational therapy intervention. This study determines the concurrent validity of the Print Tool with the Test of Handwriting Skills-Revised (THS-R) and examines the alignment of teacher perception with the Print Tool. Participants included 46 first- and second-grade students. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Sep 26:1539449218799451. Epub 2018 Sep 26.
1 The Sage Colleges, Troy, NY, USA.
Independent participation in academic settings is decreased for children who have limited speech and are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The use of technology with children with ASD changes behavior, assists with making choices, and increases communication; however, no studies evaluated its impact on performance or required support in classroom activities. The objective of this study was to determine whether an iPad with Proloquo2Go would increase independent activity/task performance and reduce required support for children with ASD, during classroom activities compared with no and other forms of technology (i. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct;38(4):223-224
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Sep 12:1539449218799445. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
1 Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
Although numerous studies have examined provider-caregiver interactions and their influence on care outcomes, few represent the perspective of the provider or specifically consider occupational therapy practitioners. The aim of this article is to explore the perspectives of occupational therapists regarding interactions with older adult caregivers in geriatric practice settings. The study was conducted using a constructivist grounded theory approach based on data obtained from repeated focus group sessions and subsequent individual reflections. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Sep 5:1539449218796845. Epub 2018 Sep 5.
1 School of Occupational Therapy of Hadassah, Hebrew University Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.
Hip fracture is prevalent among older adults impacting on all aspects of daily life. The gaols of this study were: (a) Examine the trajectory of activities of daily living (ADL)/instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) functioning and participation among older adults with hip fracture from prefracture to 6-months postrehabilitation; (b) determine the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), functional abilities, and participation 6-months postrehabilitation; and (c) examine whether functional outcomes can predict HRQoL. Both retrospective and prospective data were analyzed. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 15;38(4):245-253. Epub 2018 Jul 15.
1 University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of death among North American youth, with a high prevalence of distraction-related fatalities. Youth-focused interventions must address detecting (visual scanning) and responding (adjustment to stimuli) to critical roadway information. In this repeated measures study, we investigated the feasibility (i. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 11;38(4):235-244. Epub 2018 Jul 11.
1 Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Participation is necessary for childhood development, however, children with disabilities participate in fewer activities than their nondisabled peers. This study identified strategies caregivers use to increase participation in home- and community-based activities for children with autism spectrum disorder. Survey responses of 44 caregivers were analyzed through open and axial coding to develop a central theme and five broad themes. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 6;38(4):225-234. Epub 2018 Jul 6.
1 Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.
Optimal child development is supported by services, policies, a social determinants of health (SDOH) frame, and meaningful participation (as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health-Children and Youth [ICF-CY]). This scoping review describes the social determinants that may affect the participation of young children aged 0 to 3 years with developmental disabilities (DD) in the United States. Scoping review of studies including U. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 1:1539449218784729. Epub 2018 Jul 1.
1 Nagoya University, Japan.
The Activity Card Sort (ACS) can both record the clients' participation and any changes, which is a useful tool for practitioners to establish tailored occupation-focused goals. However, there is a limitation to apply the ACS to Japanese older adults as it consists of culturally relevant activities in the United States. The aim of this study was to select activity items reflecting Japanese older adults' lifestyles and opinions to develop the Activity Card Sort-Japan Version (ACS-JPN). Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jun 1:1539449218780618. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
1 Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA.
The Role Checklist is used by occupational therapists across the globe. Developed in 1981 and consistent with the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), until recently, the Role Checklist was not updated. This is of concern as the Role Checklist originally was established to measure role performance. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul;38(3):208-217
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 17;38(4):254-260. Epub 2018 Jun 17.
1 University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.
Mealtime is an important family routine commonly affected for families with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Limited research is available regarding strategies families incorporate to support mealtime engagement. The purpose of this study was to explore the frequency and characterize the purpose of Props used during mealtimes with children with ASD. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jun 1:1539449218778535. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
1 University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.
We tested if a propensity score (PS) matching method supports the unidimensionality assumption of the Rasch model which is critical to link similar rehabilitation instruments. We obtained 1,013 respondents from the 2009 Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly Frailty study. We used a unidimensional item pool of 10 SF-36 physical function and nine activities of daily living items. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Oct 13;38(4):261-268. Epub 2018 Apr 13.
2 Yad LeTaf-ALEH, Bnei Brak, Israel.
We aim to examine the pattern of participation of children with intellectual developmental disabilities (IDD) or global developmental delay (GDD) in comparison with typically developing preschoolers. In addition, to identify environmental and personal factors associated with their participation, 20 children with mild to moderate GDD or IDD, and 24 age- and gender-matched controls, aged 3 to 6 years, were assessed using the Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation and the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire. Significant differences were found between the groups, both for general scales of participation and for each activity area. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 28;38(3):196-207. Epub 2018 Mar 28.
1 The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently have difficult mealtimes. A systematic review analyzed current evidence relevant to occupational therapy (OT) and mealtime interventions (a) for children with ASD, (b) occurring in the natural contexts, and (c) with parents/caregivers as interventionists. Database search identified 13 relevant articles. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 15;38(3):190-195. Epub 2018 Mar 15.
2 Texas Woman's University, Dallas, USA.
Task-oriented training is a contemporary intervention based on behavioral neuroscience and recent models of motor learning. It can logically be guided by the theory of occupational adaptation. This report presents the perceptions of four participants who underwent task-oriented training at home (TOTE Home) for upper extremity hemiparesis following a stroke. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Mar 1:1539449218762728. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
1 University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
Older, rural-dwelling Latinos face multiple health disparities. We describe the protocol of a pilot study of a community health worker-occupational therapist-led lifestyle program, ¡Vivir Mi Vida! ( ¡VMV!), designed for delivery in primary care and adapted for late-midlife, Latino rural-living patients. Using mixed methods, we collected feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy data on ¡VMV!. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 1;38(3):181-189. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
1 Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL, USA.
Following a stroke, depression and anxiety may negatively affect recovery and decrease quality of life. Occupational therapy (OT) practitioners are distinctly qualified to address both the physical and psychosocial sequelae of a stroke, including clients' mental and emotional health. This study explored the ways in which OT practitioners address the mental health needs of clients post stroke. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 19;38(3):143-150. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
7 Craig Hospital, Englewood, CO, USA.
Participation is often considered a primary goal of traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, but little is known about the influence of driving on participation after TBI. The objective of this study was to examine the independent contribution of driving status to participation at 5 years post TBI, after controlling for demographic, psychosocial, and functional factors. Participants ( N = 2,456) were community-dwelling individuals with moderate to severe TBI, age 18 to 65 at time of injury, and enrolled in the TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) National Database (NDB). Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 15;38(3):151-156. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
1 University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Therapist approach and feedback during rehabilitation may influence patient outcomes. It is unclear how much guided cueing, the approach used in strategy training, is present in usual rehabilitation care. We compared the frequency of guided and directed cueing in strategy training sessions with cueing in usual care occupational and physical therapy. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Feb 1:1539449218757740. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
1 Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.
Rasch keyforms can help interpret clinical assessment scores. The Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) is a commonly used assessment, yet no keyform currently exists. The aim is to provide a keyform for the ARAT and demonstrate how a clinician can use the keyform to design optimally challenging rehabilitation sessions. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Apr 18;38(2):84-88. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
1 University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Client-centered care is one promising rehabilitation model that may support the unique needs of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This secondary analysis examined (a) whether older adults with MCI generated activity-based goals using a client-centered model and (b) the types of goals generated. Thirteen older adults with MCI addressed 55 goals. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Apr 17;38(2):121-130. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
1 Towson University, MD, USA.
Research has reported on traditional methods of assessing interrater reliability but, currently, no such standard protocol exists for selection of alternative methods of assessing interrater reliability, such as wearable video cameras. The professions of occupational therapy and occupational science take a unique ecological perspective when evaluating individuals, which focuses on the naturalistic perspective of an individual, ideally resulting in optimal performance. Given current advancements in technology, wearable, low-cost, unobtrusive, first-person view digital video cameras are readily available for use in research. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Apr 27;38(2):75-83. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
2 Hacettepe Health Sciences University, Ankara, Turkey.
Sensory processing problems and related dysfunctions are among the most common conditions in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the effect of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on different aspects of occupational performance in children with ASD. The study was conducted on an intervention group ( n = 16) receiving SIT and a control group ( n = 15) with 3- to 8-year-old children with ASD. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 01;38(1):3-5
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Apr 18;38(2):105-112. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
2 Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
Occupational therapy practices in Turkey are increasing each year, but rehabilitation practitioners working in the occupational therapy field have limited instruments. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of the Turkish version of the Occupational Self Assessment (OSA), which is based on the Model of Human Occupation. The data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to determine construct validity. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Apr 18;38(2):113-120. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
1 Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.
Unilateral neglect (neglect) and anosognosia often co-occur post stroke. It is unknown whether anosognosia of neglect varies for different types of daily activities. The objective is to examine the frequency of anosognosia of neglect for items on the Catherine Bergego Scale (CBS) and to determine the level of agreement between participant/assessor item ratings and total scores. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 01 24;38(1):67-69. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
5 Université de Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.
Establishing fidelity processes and measures is an important step in the development of interventions. Accurate referencing, naming of interventions and robust discussion of deviations from the theories, methods or terminology underpinning interventions support the fidelity of future applications of interventions in research and clinical settings. This commentary clarifies the establishment of fidelity for Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) in relation to a recent article on this topic by Dunn and colleagues. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Apr 10;38(2):89-95. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
2 The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
The Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure (FTDS) enables proxies to identify at-risk older drivers via 54 driving-related items, but may be too lengthy for widespread uptake. We reduced the number of items in the FTDS and validated the shorter measure, using 200 caregiver responses. Exploratory factor analysis and classical test theory techniques were used to determine the most interpretable factor model and the minimum number of items to be used for predicting fitness to drive. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 30;38(3):157-172. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
1 University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Transferring learning from therapy to everyday life skills is a necessary step for successful therapy outcomes, yet rarely addressed and achieved. However, a cognitive approach to skill acquisition, and the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP), explicitly identifies transfer as an objective and incorporates elements into the intervention to support transfer. A scoping review was undertaken to explore the nature and extent of the research regarding CO-OP and transfer. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2017 10;37(4):175-177
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 01 20;38(1):38-45. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
1 Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA.
Many older adult cancer survivors reduce their activity level during and after cancer treatment. Occupational therapy interventions need to flexibly address various obstacles to occupational engagement that survivors may face. The aim of this analysis was to describe the content of a participant-directed occupational therapy intervention for older adults with cancer. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 01 9;38(1):6-14. Epub 2017 Sep 9.
1 University of Kansas Medical Center, USA.
Children use executive function (EF) skills within everyday occupations; however, EF poses a difficult and complex construct to measure. Currently, many measures of EF lack applicability to daily life, or ecological validity. The aim of this scoping review was to examine two aspects of ecological validity across measures, assessments, and tasks of EF in children. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2017 10 5;37(4):218-226. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
3 Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
Due to the prevalence, severity, and costs associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), it has become a public health issue. In response, state governments have adopted ASD-specific private insurance mandates requiring coverage of ASD screening, diagnosis, and treatment. Despite rapid uptake of these laws, differences exist in the type and levels of coverage, especially for allied health services including occupational therapy. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 Jul 31;38(3):173-180. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
1 University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
The literature on clinical reasoning tends to ignore the context and the interaction between patient and therapist. This article outlines a theoretical foundation for an extended mode of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy. Cognitive theories of human action, as well as narrative and instrumental approaches, provide an insufficient picture of the nature of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy practice. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2018 01 31;38(1):46-55. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
2 Texas Woman's University, Dallas, USA.
Principles of experience-dependent plasticity, motor learning theory, and the theory of Occupational Adaptation coalesce into a translational model for practice in neurorehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a Task Oriented Training and Evaluation at Home (TOTE Home) program completed by people with subacute stroke, and whether effects persisted 1 month after this training. A single-subject design included a maximum of 30, 1hour sessions of training conducted in participants' homes. Read More
OTJR (Thorofare N J) 2017 10 31;37(4):188-198. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
3 Taking Neighborhood Health to Heart, Inc., Denver, CO, USA.
Socially isolated aging adults are at risk of poor health and well-being. Occupational therapy can help address this issue; however, information is needed to guide such work. National surveys characterize social isolation in populations of aging adults but fail to provide meaningful information at a community level. Read More