498 results match your criteria Nutritional Management in the Rehabilitation Setting


Scoring, Clinical Utility, and Psychometric Properties of the In-Home Medication Management Performance Evaluation (HOME-Rx).

Am J Occup Ther 2019 Mar/Apr;73(2):7302205060p1-7302205060p8

Susan Stark, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy, Neurology, and Social Work, Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO.

Importance: Forty percent to 75% of community-dwelling older adults are not able to adhere to their medication routine. A medication management assessment can correctly identify the reasons for nonadherence and the barriers contributing to it.

Objective: To further develop the HOME-Rx, an in-home medication management assessment, by modifying scoring metrics, improving clinical utility, and establishing psychometric properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.029793DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Study protocol of a pragmatic randomized controlled trial incorporated into the Group Lifestyle Balance™ program: the nutrigenomics, overweight/obesity and weight management trial (the NOW trial).

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 15;19(1):310. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia University College at The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

Background: The nutrigenomics, overweight/obesity and weight management trial (NOW Trial) is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of community-dwelling adults recruited from the Group Lifestyle Balance™ (GLB™) Program. The GLB™ Program (formerly referred to as the Diabetes Prevention Program) is an evidence-based, intensive weight management program, which was offered to overweight/obese patients (BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m) in a rural Ontario community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6621-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419841PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Rehabilitation Nutrition for Iatrogenic Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Dysphagia.

J Nutr Health Aging 2019 ;23(3):256-265

Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafune-cho, Minami ward, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan, Tel: +81-45-261-5656 Fax: +81-45-253-9955, E-mail:

Sarcopenia is a very important issue in rehabilitation medicine and nutritional care. The prevalence of sarcopenia in older people is approximately 50% in the rehabilitation setting, and also approximately 15% of inpatients without sarcopenia upon admission developed sarcopenia during hospitalization. There is a concern that secondary sarcopenia may occur iatrogenically during hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12603-018-1150-1DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

The Influence of a Multimodal Health Program with Diet, Art, and Biofield Therapy on the Quality of Life of People in Japan.

J Altern Complement Med 2019 Mar 11;25(3):336-345. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

2 Research Department, MOA Health Science Foundation, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: To investigate whether the frequency of the practice of each of diet, art, and biofield therapy influences improvement in quality of life (QOL), and to examine whether the simultaneous practice of all three components increasingly improves QOL in a real-world setting.

Design: Pre-post-test design using convenience sampling methods.

Setting: Home setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2018.0291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437628PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

The Effect of a Multidisciplinary Lifestyle Intervention on Obesity Status, Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Children and Adolescents with Obesity.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 10;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Gyeonggi-do 14068, Korea.

This study aimed to develop a multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention program targeted at children and adolescents with moderate to severe obesity, and assess the additional effects of exercise intervention when compared to usual care. Overall, the 103 enrolled participants were ≥85th percentile of age and sex-specific body mass index (BMI). Participants were divided into groups that received 16 weeks of either usual care or exercise intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356576PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Malnutrition in older adults: screening and determinants.

Proc Nutr Soc 2018 Dec 3:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin,Dublin,Republic of Ireland.

Older adults are at risk of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). PEM detrimentally impacts on health, cognitive and physical functioning and quality of life. Given these negative health outcomes in the context of an ageing global population, the Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life Joint Programming Initiative Malnutrition in the Elderly (MaNuEL) sought to create a knowledge hub on malnutrition in older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665118002628DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Refeeding in anorexia nervosa.

Eur J Pediatr 2019 Mar 27;178(3):413-422. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Service d'Endocrinologie Diabétologie Pédiatrique, Centre de Référence des Maladies Endocriniennes de la Croissance et du Développement, Hôpital Robert Debré, Paris, France.

Refeeding in anorexia nervosa is a collaborative enterprise involving multidisciplinary care plans, but clinicians currently lack guidance, as treatment guidelines are based largely on clinical confidence rather than more robust evidence. It seems crucial to identify reproducible approaches to refeeding that simultaneously maximize weight recovery and minimize the associated risks, in addition to improving long-term weight and cognitive and behavioral recovery and reducing relapse rates. We discuss here various approaches to refeeding, including, among others, where, by which route, how rapidly patients are best refed, and ways of choosing between them, taking into account the precautions or the potential effects of medication or of psychological care, to define better care plans for use in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3295-7DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Nutritional status in chronic spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Spinal Cord 2019 Jan 12;57(1):3-17. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, P.O. Box 850, Mail Code R120, Hershey, PA, 17033-0850, USA.

Study Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Objectives: The objective was to investigate nutritional status in chronic spinal cord injury (SCI), and compare macronutrient and micronutrient intake to the recommended values by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Setting: United States of America. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41393-018-0218-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-018-0218-4DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Lessons learnt during the implementation of a web-based triage tool for Dutch intensive care follow-up clinics.

BMJ Open 2018 Sep 24;8(9):e021249. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Screening for symptoms of postintensive care syndrome is based on a long list of questionnaires, filled out by the intensive care unit (ICU) survivor and manually reviewed by the health professional. This is an inefficient and time-consuming process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a web-based triage tool and to compare the outcomes from web-based questionnaires to those from paper-based questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021249DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157570PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Effect of a 12-Week Online Walking Intervention on Health and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Trial.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 09 21;15(10). Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.

Cancer survivors are at an increased risk of experiencing physical and psychological ill-effects following cancer treatment. Rural cancer survivors are at a greater risk of future health problems following a cancer diagnosis compared to their urban counterparts. Physical activity has been targeted as a health promotion priority in cancer survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6210292PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

A qualitative exploration of patient and healthcare professionals' views and experiences of palliative rehabilitation during advanced lung cancer treatment.

Palliat Med 2018 Dec 5;32(10):1624-1632. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

1 Institute of Nursing and Health Research, Ulster University, Newtownabbey, UK.

Background:: Limited evidence exists on the impact of palliative rehabilitation during systemic treatment of advanced cancer.

Aim:: To explore the experiences and perceptions of patients and healthcare professionals on the feasibility and acceptability of palliative rehabilitation during advanced lung cancer treatment.

Design:: Qualitative design using individual semi-structured interviews transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269216318794086DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

[Aging-related frailty and sarcopenia. Frailty, sarcopenia and dysphagia.]

Clin Calcium 2018;28(9):1229-1234

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Japan.

Frailty and sarcopenia occur not only in whole-body but also oral and swallowing function. Presbyphagia is age-related decline of swallowing function in older adults. Oral frailty is age-related decline of oral function in older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/CliCa180912291234DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Anterior and posterior diaphragm kinesio taping for intractable hiccups after ischemic stroke: A case report.

Authors:
Julie Gallagher

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(34):e11934

Rationale: Pathophysiologic mechanisms of the central nervous system, such as stroke, can be associated with intractable hiccups. Intractable hiccups can be associated with potentially fatal consequences, thus requiring safe management in an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) setting with a multidisciplinary team approach to optimize mobility and feeding.

Patient Concerns: A 49-year-old male presented to the emergency department with complaints of vomiting and dizziness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011934DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112895PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

Patients experiences of self-management and strategies for dealing with chronic conditions in rural Malawi.

PLoS One 2018 2;13(7):e0199977. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Athena Institute for Research on Innovation and Communication in Health and Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: The high burden of chronic communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, and an escalating rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Malawi and other sub-Saharan African countries, calls for a shift in how health care services are designed and delivered. Patient-centred care and patient self-management are critical elements in chronic care, and are advocated as universal strategies. In sub-Saharan Africa, there is need for more evidence around the practice of patient self-management, and how to best support patients with chronic conditions in the African context. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0199977PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6028088PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

The effectiveness of an online intervention in preventing excessive gestational weight gain: the e-moms roc randomized controlled trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 May 9;18(1):148. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 265 Crittenden Blvd, CU420644, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

Background: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is common and contributes to the development of obesity in women and their offspring. Electronic or e-health interventions have the potential to reach large groups of women and prevent excessive GWG, but their effectiveness has not been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in a real-world setting, the effectiveness of a self-directed, integrated online and mobile phone behavioral intervention in preventing excessive GWG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-1767-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5944067PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

A Mediterranean Diet Model in Australia: Strategies for Translating the Traditional Mediterranean Diet into a Multicultural Setting.

Nutrients 2018 Apr 9;10(4). Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Department of Rehabilitation, Nutrition and Sport, La Trobe University, Health Sciences 3, Kingsbury Drive, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia.

Substantial evidence supports the effect of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) for managing chronic diseases, although trials have been primarily conducted in Mediterranean populations. The efficacy and feasibility of the Mediterranean dietary pattern for the management of chronic diseases has not been extensively evaluated in non-Mediterranean settings. This paper aims to describe the development of a MD model that complies with principles of the traditional MD applied in a multiethnic context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu10040465DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5946250PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Self-management interventions for adults with chronic kidney disease: a scoping review.

BMJ Open 2018 03 22;8(3):e019814. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Objective: To systematically identify and describe self-management interventions for adult patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Setting: Community-based.

Participants: Adults with CKD stages 1-5 (not requiring kidney replacement therapy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875600PMC
March 2018
17 Reads

Effect of mild exercise on glycemic and bodyweight control in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients: A retrospective analysis.

J Diabetes Investig 2019 Jan 30;10(1):104-107. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Division of Diabetes, Metabolism and Endocrinology, Kawasaki Medical School, Okayama, Japan.

We retrospectively evaluated the effects of mild physical exercise (P) in a routine clinical setting on glycemic and bodyweight control in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients with and without individualized nutritional therapy (D). We analyzed 49 patients who participated in P that measured 2.5 metabolic equivalents and was held once every 2 weeks, compared with 83 non-participant controls, followed over a period of approximately 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.12832DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319490PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Effects of a lifestyle intervention on psychosocial well-being of severe mentally ill residential patients: ELIPS, a cluster randomized controlled pragmatic trial.

Schizophr Res 2018 09 2;199:407-413. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Rob Giel Research Center, Groningen, The Netherlands; Research Department, Friesland Mental Health Services, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands.

Large studies investigating the psychosocial effects of lifestyle interventions in patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) are scarce, especially in residential patients. This large, randomized controlled, multicentre pragmatic trial assessed the psychosocial effects of a combined diet-and-exercise lifestyle intervention targeting the obesogenic environment of SMI residential patients. Twenty-nine sheltered and clinical care teams were randomized into intervention (n=15) or control (n=14) arm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2018.02.053DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Accuracy of the visual estimation method as a predictor of food intake in Alzheimer's patients provided with different types of food.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2018 02 6;23:122-128. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Department of Food Sciences and Human Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Ryukoku University, 1-5 Yokotani Seta-Oe cho, Otsu, Shiga 520-2194, Japan.

Background & Aims: The visual estimation method is commonly used in hospitals and other care facilities to evaluate food intake through estimation of plate waste. In Japan, no previous studies have investigated the validity and reliability of this method under the routine conditions of a hospital setting. The present study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the visual estimation method, in long-term inpatients with different levels of eating disability caused by Alzheimer's disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2017.11.003DOI Listing
February 2018
3 Reads

Creation and Initial Validation of the International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative Functional Diet Scale.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 05 8;99(5):934-944. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY; New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY.

Objective: To assess consensual validity, interrater reliability, and criterion validity of the International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative Functional Diet Scale, a new functional outcome scale intended to capture the severity of oropharyngeal dysphagia, as represented by the degree of diet texture restriction recommended for the patient.

Design: Participants assigned International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative Functional Diet Scale scores to 16 clinical cases. Consensual validity was measured against reference scores determined by an author reference panel. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183008
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.01.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5961739PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

A Group Lifestyle Intervention Program Is Associated with Reduced Emergency Department Presentations for People with Metabolic Syndrome: A Retrospective Case-Control Study.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2018 03 23;16(2):110-116. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

1 Department of Rehabilitation, Nutrition and Sport, School of Allied Health, Physiotherapy, La Trobe University , Melbourne, Australia .

Background: One quarter of the world's adults have metabolic syndrome. Lifestyle modification is the first line of intervention as improvements in diet and exercise can have positive effects on the individual components of metabolic syndrome. The primary aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of an 8-week lifestyle intervention program for people with metabolic syndrome on emergency department presentations, hospital admissions, and metabolic parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/met.2017.0127DOI Listing
March 2018
28 Reads

The ketogenic diet as a treatment for traumatic brain injury: a scoping review.

Brain Inj 2018 23;32(4):416-422. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

b Brain and Spinal Cord Rehabilitation , Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network , Toronto , Canada.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The ketogenic diet (KD) has been identified as a potential therapy to enhance recovery after TBI. The purpose of this study is to complete a scoping review and synthesize the evidence regarding the KD and its therapeutic effects in TBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1429025DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Patient Perspectives on Nurse-led Consultations Within a Pilot Structured Transition Program for Young Adults Moving From an Academic Tertiary Setting to Community-based Type 1 Diabetes Care.

J Pediatr Nurs 2018 Jan - Feb;38:99-105. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

University of Lausanne Institute of Higher Education and Research in Healthcare, Lausanne, Switzerland; Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV) Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Service, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate patient self-management activities, patient perceptions of the therapeutic relationship and satisfaction with nurse-led consultations as part of a structured, pilot program transitioning young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) to adult-oriented community-based practices.

Design And Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study of patients receiving nurse-led consultations. Patients provided sociodemographic/health information, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measures and completed questionnaires assessing self-management (Revised Self-Care Inventory) and the therapeutic relationship (Caring Nurse-Patient Interaction - short scale). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2017.11.015DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads
0.920 Impact Factor

The effects of lifestyle changes on serum lipid levels in children in a real life setting.

Congenit Heart Dis 2018 Mar 18;13(2):327-333. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Lillie Frank Abercrombie Section of Cardiology Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.

Objective: Studies have shown improvement in lipid levels after institution of lifestyle changes in children enrolled in closely monitored programs. There programs are difficult to mimic in real world clinics. We aim to determine if diet and exercise result in improvement in lipid levels in patients seen in a designated lipid clinic in a real life setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/chd.12580DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

What works in falls prevention in Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

BMC Geriatr 2018 01 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA, 6845, Australia.

Background: There is strong research evidence for falls prevention among older people in the community setting, although most is from Western countries. Differences between countries (eg sunlight exposure, diet, environment, exercise preferences) may influence the success of implementing falls prevention approaches in Asian countries that have been shown to be effective elsewhere in the world. The aim of this review is to evaluate the scope and effectiveness of falls prevention randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the Asian region. Read More

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https://bmcgeriatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12877
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-017-0683-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5756346PMC
January 2018
15 Reads

Efficacy of adjuvant weight loss medication after bariatric surgery.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 01 9;14(1):93-98. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

Bariatric and Metabolic Institute, Department of General Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:

Background: Some patients do not achieve optimal weight loss or regain weight after bariatric surgery. In this study, we aimed to determine the effectiveness of adjuvant weight loss medications after surgery for this group of patients.

Setting: An academic medical center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2017.10.002DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Factors associated with high levels of glycated haemoglobin in patients with type 1 diabetes: a multicentre study in Brazil.

BMJ Open 2017 Dec 14;7(12):e018094. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Gonçalo Moniz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Salvador, Brazil.

Objective: Long-term complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) can be prevented with adequate glycaemic control. However, high levels of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) occur in 60%-90% of the patients with DM1. Thus, we aimed to investigate the role of sociodemographic, behavioural and clinical factors on the HbA1c levels of patients with DM1 in Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5736030PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Can the critically ill patient generate sufficient energy to facilitate exercise in the ICU?

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2018 03;21(2):110-115

Centre for Human Health and Performance, Department of Medicine, University College London.

Purpose Of Review: Trials of physical rehabilitation post critical illness have yet to deliver improved health-related quality of life in critical illness survivors. Muscle mass and strength are lost rapidly in critical illness and a proportion of patients continue to do so resulting in increased mortality and functional disability. Addressing this issue is therefore fundamental for recovery from critical illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCO.0000000000000446DOI Listing
March 2018
15 Reads

Optimization of perioperative management of proximal femoral fracture in the elderly.

Authors:
P Merloz

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Feb 17;104(1S):S25-S30. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Clinique universitaire d'orthopédie-traumatologie, CHU Albert-Michallon, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble cedex 9, France. Electronic address:

Proximal femoral fracture in elderly subjects is a major event that is life-threatening in the medium-to-long term. Advanced age, male gender and number of comorbidities largely account for high mortality and require geriatric expertise. Protein-energy malnutrition and bone demineralization increase mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2017.04.020DOI Listing
February 2018
11 Reads

Adherence to self-monitoring healthy lifestyle behaviours through mobile phone-based ecological momentary assessments and photographic food records over 6 months in mostly ethnic minority mothers.

Public Health Nutr 2018 03 4;21(4):679-688. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

6Nexleaf Analytics,Los Angeles,CA,USA.

Objective: Mobile phones can replace traditional self-monitoring tools through cell phone-based ecological momentary assessment (CEMA) of lifestyle behaviours and camera phone-based images of meals, i.e. photographic food records (PFR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017003044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5807077PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

Nutrient Intake During Diet-Induced Weight Loss and Exercise Interventions in a Randomized Trial in Older Overweight and Obese Adults.

J Nutr Health Aging 2017 ;21(10):1216-1224

Gary D. Miller, PhD, Box 7868 Reynolda Station, Department Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27109-7868, 336-758-1901; 336-758-4680 (fax).

Objectives: Dietary restriction in obese older adults undergoing weight loss may exacerbate nutrient deficiencies common in this group; the nutritional health of older adults is a factor in their quality of life, disability, and mortality. This study examined the effect of an 18-month weight loss program based in social cognitive theory incorporating partial meal replacements, on nutrient intake in older overweight and obese adults.

Design: The following analysis is from the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial, a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12603-017-0892-5
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12603-017-0892-5DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Soluble Milk Proteins Improve Muscle Mass Recovery after Immobilization-Induced Muscle Atrophy in Old Rats but Do not Improve Muscle Functional Property Restoration.

J Nutr Health Aging 2017 ;21(10):1133-1141

Dominique Dardevet, INRA, Unité de Nutrition Humaine (UNH, UMR 1019), CRNH Auvergne, France,

Objectives: Effect of 3 different dairy protein sources on the recovery of muscle function after limb immobilization in old rats.

Design: Longitudinal animal study.

Setting: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12603-016-0855-2DOI Listing

Clinical nutrition and physical rehabilitation in a long-term care setting: preliminary observations in sarcopenic older patients.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Aug 23;30(8):951-958. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Fondazione Angelo Poretti e Angelo Magnani ONLUS, Via Poretti 4, 21040 Vedano Olona, Varese, Italy.

Background: Sarcopenia could have a negative prognostic impact in long-term care residents, which are characterized by multiple comorbidities and a high level of dependence. However, there is limited evidence on its prevalence and management in this healthcare setting.

Methods: All residents living in a long-term care institution were screened for the presence of sarcopenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40520-017-0859-8DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Pressure injuries in elderly with acute myocardial infarction.

Clin Interv Aging 2017 19;12:1495-1501. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Division of Geriatrics, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Objectives: To assess pressure injury (PI) incidence among patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in an intensive coronary care unit (ICCU) and to detect the impact of specific risk factors on the development of PI in this clinical setting.

Patients And Methods: Prospective cohort study in ICCU setting. Patients admitted for AMI: patients mean age 67. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S135676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5614743PMC
April 2018
6 Reads

Recruitment, adherence, and retention of endometrial cancer survivors in a behavioural lifestyle programme: the Diet and Exercise in Uterine Cancer Survivors (DEUS) parallel randomised pilot trial.

BMJ Open 2017 Oct 8;7(10):e018015. Epub 2017 Oct 8.

Department of Women's Cancer, EGA Institute for Women's Health, University College London, London, UK.

Objective: Healthy eating and physical activity may help endometrial cancer survivors (ECS) improve their quality of life. However, most ECS do not meet the relevant guidelines. This pilot trial aimed to test the study feasibility procedures for a definitive trial of a behavioural lifestyle programme. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-01801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5640120PMC
October 2017
7 Reads

Household income is associated with food and nutrient intake in Japanese schoolchildren, especially on days without school lunch.

Public Health Nutr 2017 Nov 30;20(16):2946-2958. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

7Graduate School of Humanities,Tokyo Metropolitan University,Tokyo,Japan.

Objective: The present study aimed to examine the association between household income and the intake of foods and nutrients by Japanese schoolchildren, and any differences between days with and without school lunch.

Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Children, with the support of their parents, kept dietary records with photographs for 4 d (2 d with school lunch and 2 d without). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017001100DOI Listing
November 2017
5 Reads

A Pilot Trial of a Lifestyle Intervention for Stroke Survivors: Design of Healthy Eating and Lifestyle after Stroke (HEALS).

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2017 Dec 16;26(12):2806-2813. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, Downey, California; Department of Neurology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Stroke survivors have high rates of subsequent cardiovascular and recurrent cerebrovascular events, and mortality. While healthy lifestyle practices - including a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, limited alcohol intake, and regular physical activity - can mitigate these outcomes, few stroke survivors adhere to them. Minorities from socioeconomically disadvantaged communities who obtain care in safety-net health systems experience the most barriers to implementing healthy lifestyle changes after stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2017.06.058DOI Listing
December 2017
12 Reads

Effects of supervised structured aerobic exercise training program on fasting blood glucose level, plasma insulin level, glycemic control, and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Pak J Med Sci 2017 May-Jun;33(3):576-580

Syed Amir Gillani, Professor and Dean Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University Institute of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the effects of supervised structured aerobic exercise training (SSAET) program on fasting blood glucose level (FBGL), plasma insulin level (PIL), glycemic control (GC), and insulin resistance (IR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: Riphah Rehabilitation and Research Centre (RRRC) was the clinical setting for this randomized controlled trial, located at Pakistan Railways General Hospital (PRGH), Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Study duration was 18 months from January 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.333.12023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5510106PMC
August 2017
23 Reads

Does adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern reduce asthma symptoms in children? A systematic review of observational studies.

Public Health Nutr 2017 Oct 14;20(15):2722-2734. Epub 2017 Aug 14.

2School of Psychology and Public Health,Department of Public Health,La Trobe University,Melbourne,Australia.

Objective: The purpose of the present systematic review was to synthesize evidence from the literature to assess efficacy of the Mediterranean dietary pattern in childhood asthma. Design/Setting A systematic search of six databases, three clinical trial registries and hand-search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted up to 29 October 2016. Inclusion criteria included exposure to a Mediterranean dietary pattern, measurement of asthma symptoms and study population of children aged <18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017001823DOI Listing
October 2017
22 Reads

COPD patients' self-reported adherence, psychosocial factors and mild cognitive impairment in pulmonary rehabilitation.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2017 18;12:2059-2067. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

Psychology Unit.

In addition to clinical comorbidities, psychological and neuropsychological problems are frequent in COPD and may affect pulmonary rehabilitation delivery and outcome. The aims of the study were to describe a COPD population in a rehabilitative setting as regards the patients depressive symptoms, anxiety, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and self-reported adherence and to analyze their relationships; to compare the COPD sample MCI scores with normative data; and to investigate which factors might predict adherence to prescribed physical exercise. This was a multicenter observational cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S133586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5529298PMC
April 2018
23 Reads

The intervention process in the European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) trial: a mixed method protocol for evaluation.

Trials 2017 07 27;18(1):356. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Institute of Health and Wellbeing, College of Social Sciences, 27 Bute Gardens, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8RS, UK.

Background: EuroFIT is a gender-sensitised, health and lifestyle program targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours in men. The delivery of the program in football clubs, led by the clubs' community coaches, is designed to both attract and engage men in lifestyle change through an interest in football or loyalty to the club they support. The EuroFIT program will be evaluated in a multicentre pragmatic randomised controlled trial (RCT), for which ~1000 overweight men, aged 30-65 years, will be recruited in 15 top professional football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK. Read More

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http://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-017-2095-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5531072PMC
July 2017
11 Reads

Barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and disease self-management among older adults residing in subsidized housing.

Nutr Health 2017 Sep 27;23(3):167-175. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

1 Department of Nutrition Sciences, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA.

Background: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing.

Aim: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting.

Method: A qualitative study design, using food focus groups and food pantry observations, was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0260106017722724DOI Listing
September 2017
2 Reads

Effect of insulin therapy and dietary adjustments on safety and performance during simulated soccer tests in people with type 1 diabetes: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2017 07 20;18(1):338. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Department of Pharmacology and Clinic Toxicology, University of Costa Rica - Division of Endocrinology, Hospital San Juan de Dios, San José, Costa Rica.

Background: Despite the reduction in glycemic derangement in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) through dietary and therapeutic adjustments implemented before, during and after continuous exercise, evidence for its effectiveness with intermittent forms of exercise, such as soccer, is still lacking.

Methods/design: We designed a study protocol for a randomized, crossover, double-blinded, controlled trial, for the evaluation of the effect that a strategy of dietary and therapeutic modifications may have on safety and performance of persons with T1D in soccer training sessions and cognitive testing. Inclusion criteria comprise: age older than 18 years, more than 2 years since T1D diagnosis, low C-peptide level, a stable insulin regimen, HbA1c less than 9. Read More

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http://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s130
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-017-2078-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5520333PMC
July 2017
4 Reads

Effect on Body Weight, Quality of Life and Appetite Following Individualized, Nutritional Counselling to Home-Living Elderly after Rehabilitation - An Open Randomized Trial.

J Nutr Health Aging 2017 ;21(7):811-818

PO Iversen, Department of Nutrition, P.O. Box 1046 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway. Phone: + 47 22 85 13 91; fax: + 47 22 85 13 41; e-mail:

Objectives: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite.

Design: An open, randomized trial. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12603-016-0825-8
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12603-016-0825-8DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Use of Medical Orders for Scope of Treatment for Heart Failure Patients During Postacute Care in Skilled Nursing Facilities.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2017 Oct 6;18(10):885-890. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO; Veterans Affairs Eastern Colorado Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Denver, CO.

Background: Individuals with heart failure (HF) who are hospitalized and admitted to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) are at high risk for rehospitalization and death. The care preferences of this high-risk population have not been studied.

Objectives: To describe care preferences of patients with HF admitted to SNFs for rehabilitation based on Medical Orders for Scope of Treatment (MOST) documentation, and evaluate goal-concordant care based on MOST documentation, emergency department (ED) visits, and hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2017.05.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5730449PMC
October 2017
4 Reads

Centre-level variation in treatment and outcomes and predictors of outcomes in 5-year-old children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip treated within a centralized service: the Cleft Care UK study. Part 6: summary and implications.

Orthod Craniofac Res 2017 Jun;20 Suppl 2:48-51

Bristol Dental School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: To summarize and discuss centre-level variation across a range of treatment and outcome measures and examine individual and ecological determinants of outcome in children in Cleft Care UK (CCUK).

Setting And Sample Population: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) recruited to CCUK and treated within a centralized service.

Materials And Methods: Children had a range of treatment and outcome measures collected at a 5-year audit clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12188DOI Listing
June 2017
5 Reads

Centre-level variation in outcomes and treatment for otitis media with effusion and hearing loss and the association of hearing loss with developmental outcomes at ages 5 and 7 years in children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate: The Cleft Care UK study. Part 2.

Orthod Craniofac Res 2017 Jun;20 Suppl 2:8-18

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Unit in Nutrition, Diet and Lifestyle at the University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: To explore centre-level variation in otitis media with effusion (OME), hearing loss and treatments in children in Cleft Care UK (CCUK) and to examine the association between OME, hearing loss and developmental outcomes at 5 and 7 years.

Setting And Sample Population: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) recruited to CCUK.

Materials And Methods: Children had air and bone conduction audiometry at age 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12184DOI Listing
June 2017
59 Reads

Centre-level variation in speech outcome and interventions, and factors associated with poor speech outcomes in 5-year-old children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate: The Cleft Care UK study. Part 4.

Orthod Craniofac Res 2017 Jun;20 Suppl 2:27-39

Bristol Dental School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: To investigate centre-level variation in speech intervention and outcome and factors associated with a speech disorder in children in Cleft Care UK (CCUK).

Setting And Sample Population: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate recruited to CCUK.

Materials And Methods: Centre-based therapists undertook audio-video recordings. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ocr.12186
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12186DOI Listing
June 2017
5 Reads

Integrative Medicine for the Treatment of Persistent Pain.

Prim Care 2017 Jun;44(2):247-264

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at Vanderbilt, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 3401 West End Avenue, Suite 380, Nashville, TN 37203, USA.

Integrative health modalities can provide useful tools in the management of persistent pain in the primary care setting. These modalities, such as acupuncture, mind-body medicine, diet and herbs, and movement strategies can be safely used and may provide patients with hope and empowerment. It is highly recommended that the patient work alongside trained professionals for a given modality and/or an interprofessional team. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2017.02.008DOI Listing
June 2017
47 Reads