249,965 results match your criteria Nutritional Management in the Rehabilitation Setting


Physicochemical responses and microbiological changes of bream (Megalobrama ambycephala) to pectin based coatings enriched with clove essential oil during refrigeration.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

College of Food Engineering and Nutritional Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, PR China. Electronic address:

The effectiveness of pectin coatings enriched with clove essential oil (CEO), as new edible coatings were investigated to preserve bream (Megalobrama ambycephala) fillets during refrigeration over a period of 15 days. All samples were analyzed for physicochemical (pH, PV, TBA and TVB-N), microbiological (Total viable count, Psychrophilic bacteria, Lactic acid bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas spp., HS producing bacteria) and organoleptic attributes. Read More

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December 2018

NEW INSIGHTS ON THE REGULATION OF CANCER CACHEXIA BY N-3 POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS.

Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Physical Activity Sciences and Sports, Cruzeiro do Sul University, Sao Paulo, Brazil,; Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil;. Electronic address:

Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome that develops during malignant tumor growth. Changes in plasma levels of several hormones and inflammatory factors result in an intense catabolic state, decreased activity of anabolic pathways, anorexia, and marked weight loss, leading to cachexia development and/or accentuation. Inflammatory mediators appear to be related to the control of a highly regulated process of muscle protein degradation that accelerates the process of cachexia. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Anticancer activity modulation of an innovative solid formulation of extra virgin olive oil by cultured zeolite scaffolds.

Food Chem Toxicol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Research Institute on Membrane Technology, Unit of Zeolite Membranes, ITM-CNR, University of Calabria, Cubo 17/c, 87036, Rende, Italy.

This paper deals with the design and manufacture of pure and hybrid synthetic (Mixed Matrix Membranes, MMMs) zeolite scaffolds (containing various amount of zeolite crystals dispersed in a polymeric matrix) to obtain new biomaterials. These scaffolds can potentially be used in the field of translational medicine to obtain innovative results to address tumorigenesis mechanisms with the promotion of an effort to deal with technical methods and information. Since olive oil has beneficial effects in healthy human cells and slows down and/or inhibits cell growth, the aim of this work was to monitor the protective and beneficial antitumor effects of olive oil in a new solid formulation (Spread Bio-Oil) on cancer cell cultured on zeolite scaffolds. Read More

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December 2018

Bioactivity of soy-based fermented foods: A review.

Biotechnol Adv 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

College of Food Science and Technology, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China. Electronic address:

For centuries, fermented soy foods have been dietary staples in Asia and, now, in response to consumer demand, they are available throughout the world. Fermentation bestows unique flavors, boosts nutritional values and increases or adds new functional properties. In this review, we describe the functional properties and underlying action mechanisms of soy-based fermented foods such as Natto, fermented soy milk, Tempeh and soy sauce. Read More

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December 2018
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Structural Basis for the Function of the β-Barrel Assembly-Enhancing Protease BepA.

J Mol Biol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan. Electronic address:

The β-barrel-assembly machinery (BAM) complex mediates the assembly of β-barrel membrane proteins in the outer membrane. BepA, formerly known as YfgC, interacts with the BAM complex and functions as a protease/chaperone for the enhancement of the assembly and/or degradation of β-barrel membrane proteins. To elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the dual functions of BepA, its full-length three-dimensional structure is needed. Read More

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December 2018
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Preterm newborn's postnatal growth patterns: how to evaluate them.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de Pediatria, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Serviço de Neonatologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objectives: There are several factors that influence the postnatal growth of preterm infants. It is crucial to define how to evaluate the growth rate of each preterm child and its individual trajectory, the type of growth curve, either with parameters of prescriptive curves for healthy preterm infants with no morbidities or, in the case of preterm infants and their "bundle of vulnerabilities", growth curves that may represent how they are actually growing, with the aim of directing appropriate nutritional care to each gestational age range.

Data Sources: The main studies with growth curves for growth monitoring and the appropriate nutritional adjustments that prioritized the individual trajectory of postnatal growth rate were reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

Diagnosing the double burden of malnutrition using estimated deviation values in low- and lower-middle-income countries.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208525. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of International Health and Collaboration, National Institute of Public Health, Saitama, Japan.

Objective: To examine the possibility of diagnosing the double burden of malnutrition using estimated deviation values in low- and lower-middle-income countries.

Methods: A modified version of the Japanese Diagnostic Tool was used. Data on 194 countries were analyzed, including data from the United Nations International Children's Fund, World Health Organization and World Bank. Read More

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December 2018
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E4orf1: A protein for enhancing glucose uptake despite impaired proximal insulin signaling.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208427. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, United States of America.

Background: Type 2 diabetes is often linked with impaired proximal insulin signaling. Hence, a therapeutic agent that enhances cellular glucose uptake without requiring proximal insulin signaling would be desirable for improving glycemic control. The E4orf1 peptide (E4) derived from human adenovirus 36 (Ad36) promotes cellular glucose uptake in vitro and in vivo, independent of insulin. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Gut microbiota signatures in cystic fibrosis: Loss of host CFTR function drives the microbiota enterophenotype.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208171. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Unit of Human Microbiome, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a disorder affecting the respiratory, digestive, reproductive systems and sweat glands. This lethal hereditary disease has known or suspected links to the dysbiosis gut microbiota. High-throughput meta-omics-based approaches may assist in unveiling this complex network of symbiosis modifications. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

DHA supplementation during prenatal ethanol exposure alters the expression of fetal rat liver genes involved in oxidative stress regulation.

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Manitoba, Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Prenatal ethanol (EtOH) exposure is known to induce adverse effects on fetal brain development. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been shown to alleviate these effects by upregulating antioxidant mechanisms in the brain. The liver is the first organ to receive enriched blood after placental transport; therefore, it could be negatively affected by EtOH, but no studies have assessed the effects of DHA on fetal liver. Read More

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December 2018

Appearance of di- and Tripeptides in Human Plasma after a Protein Meal does not Correlate with PEPT1 Substrate Selectivity.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 Dec 6:e1801094. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

F. Rohm, Dr. H. Daniel, Dr. B. Spanier, Nutritional Physiology, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany.

Scope: PEPT1 function is well understood, yet little is known about its contribution towards the absorption of dietary amino acids in the form of di- and tripeptides. In the present human study, we investigated changes in plasma concentrations of a representative oligopeptide panel after meat intake.

Methods And Results: Based on an LC-MS/MS method for quantitative analysis of a panel of selected di- and tripeptides in biological samples, we describe the kinetics of plasma changes of peptides derived from a widely accessible dietary protein source. Read More

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December 2018

Chlorogenic acid-mediated chemical defense of plants against insect herbivores.

Plant Biol (Stuttg) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, 110067, India.

Chlorogenic acid is one of the most abundant beneficial polyphenols in plants and is well known as nutritional anti-oxidant in plant based foods. Apart from its dietary antioxidant activity, it has been proven to be an efficient defense molecule against a broad range of insect herbivores. In the last two decades, several reports have shown the effectiveness of chlorogenic acid for insect's growth deterrence. Read More

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December 2018
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Dietary Prevention of Colitis by Aronia Berry is Mediated Through Increased Th17 and Treg.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 Dec 6:e1800985. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

R. Pei, D. A. Martin, J. C. Valdez, J. Liu, B. W. Bolling, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Food Science,, 1605 Linden Dr., Madison, WI, 53706, USA.

Scope: Increased fruit consumption is associated with reduced risk of colitis. We investigated whether the anti-colitic effects of the polyphenol-rich aronia berry (Aronia mitschurinii 'Viking') were mediated through Th17 and Treg.

Methods And Results: Colitis was induced in recombinase activating gene-1 deficient mice injected with syngeneic CD4 CD62L naïve T cells. Read More

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December 2018
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Citrus fruit intake and gastric cancer: the Stomach cancer Pooling (StoP) project consortium.

Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Diets rich in vegetables and fruit have been associated with reduced risk of gastric cancer, and there is suggestive evidence that citrus fruits have a protective role. This study aimed at evaluating and quantifying the association between citrus fruit consumption and gastric cancer risk. We conducted a one-stage pooled analysis including 6340 cases and 14,490 controls from 15 case-control studies from the Stomach cancer Pooling (StoP) Project consortium. Read More

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December 2018
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5.085 Impact Factor

Visceral adiposity index is a better predictor of unhealthy metabolic phenotype than traditional adiposity measures: results from a population-based study.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

2Department of Nutrition and Health,Universidade Federal de Viçosa,Viçosa, MG,Brazil.

Objective: The present study aimed to investigate whether the visceral adiposity index (VAI) is an effective predictor to identify unhealthy metabolic phenotype by comparing normal-weight and overweight individuals.

Design: A population-based cross-sectional study. Data were collected by interviews, anthropometric evaluation, dietetic, clinical and laboratory tests. Read More

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December 2018
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The dynamics of individual whey protein concentrations in cows' mammary secretions during the colostral and early lactation periods.

J Dairy Res 2018 Dec 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos,Universidade de São Paulo,Sao Paulo,Brazil.

The bovine whey consists of more than 200 different types of proteins, of which β-lactoglobulin, α-lactalbumin, serum albumin, immunoglobulins and lactoferrin predominate. However, their concentrations are not stable due to the existence of protein dynamics during a transition from colostrum secretion to mature milk. To evaluate the dynamics of whey proteins of Jersey cows during a colostral phase and first month of lactation and an influence of the number of lactations, 268 milk samples from 135 Jersey cows were selected through a clinical evaluation. Read More

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December 2018

Manipulating nutritional conditions and salinity-gradient stress for enhanced lutein production in marine microalga Chlamydomonas sp.

Biotechnol J 2018 Dec 6:e1800380. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

College of Biological Science and Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China.

Marine microalgae has great potential for lutein production with the advantage of saving fresh water resource. Thus, marine microalga Chlamydomonas sp. JSC4 was investigated as a potential lutein producer in this study. Read More

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December 2018

A seed change in our understanding of legume biology from genomics to the efficient cooperation between nodulation and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

Plant Cell Environ 2018 Sep;41(9):1949-1954

Centre for Soybean Research, Partner State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology and School of Life Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.

Grain legumes play a significant role in global food security. They have an advantage over cereals in that they can form symbiotic associations with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, making them self-sufficient in terms of nitrogen acquisition. In addition to this superior agronomic trait, grain legumes have excellent nutritional properties and are thus widely used as animal feed as well as in human nutrition. Read More

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September 2018

Daily and per-meal animal and plant protein intake in relation to muscle mass in healthy older adults without functional limitations: an enable study.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute for Biomedicine of Aging, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Kobergerstraße 60, 90408, Nuremberg, Germany.

Objective: Animal protein sources are considered to be of higher quality than plant protein sources in terms of stimulating muscle metabolism. Our objective was to investigate whether protein intake from animal and plant sources on a daily and per-meal basis differs between healthy older adults with normal and with low muscle mass.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study including 100 healthy, community-dwelling adults (51 women) aged 75-85 years without functional limitations dietary intake was assessed using 7-day food records. Read More

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December 2018

Endophytic Actinomycetes from Tea Plants (): Isolation, Abundance, Antimicrobial, and Plant-Growth-Promoting Activities.

Biomed Res Int 2018 1;2018:1470305. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

FAFU-UCR Joint Center for Horticultural Biology and Metabolomics, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Haixia Applied Plant Systems Biology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.

Endophytic actinomycetes are a promising source of novel metabolites with diverse biological activities. Tea plants () produce arsenals of phytochemicals, which are linked to a number of medicinal and nutritional properties. However, a systematic investigation into the abundance and diversity of cultivated actinomycetes residing in tea plants has not been performed. Read More

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November 2018
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Chemical analysis and evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of fruit fractions of L. f. (Arecaceae).

PeerJ 2018 28;6:e5991. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

PostGraduate Program in Ethnobiology and Nature Conservation, Universidade Regional do Cariri, Crato, Ceará, Brazil.

Background: Fruit consumption is currently considered beyond the nutritional aspects because of the important roles in disease prevention and benefits to health. The objective of this study was to characterize the chemical profile and evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of different fractions obtained from fruit pulps of (MFFs).

Methods: Initially, chloroform, ethyl acetate and ethanol fractions were obtained from the pulps. Read More

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November 2018

The impact of autotrophic versus heterotrophic nutritional pathways on colony health and wound recovery in corals.

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 18;8(22):10805-10816. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Biology Boston University Boston Massachusetts.

For animals that harbor photosynthetic symbionts within their tissues, such as corals, the different relative contributions of autotrophy versus heterotrophy to organismal energetic requirements have direct impacts on fitness. This is especially true for facultatively symbiotic corals, where the balance between host-caught and symbiont-produced energy can be altered substantially to meet the variable demands of a shifting environment. In this study, we utilized a temperate coral-algal system (the northern star coral, and its photosynthetic endosymbiont, ) to explore the impacts of nutritional sourcing on the host's health and ability to regenerate experimentally excised polyps. Read More

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November 2018

The Antinociceptive Effects of Rosuvastatin in Chronic Constriction Injury Model of Male Rats.

Basic Clin Neurosci 2018 Jul-Aug;9(4):251-260. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

Nutritional Health Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Introduction: According to studies, statins possess analgesics and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we examined the antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects of rosuvastatin in an experimental model of Chronic Constriction Injury (CCI).

Methods: Our study was conducted on four groups; sham, CCI (the control group), CCI+rosuvastatin (i. Read More

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Corrigendum to "Inhibitory Effect of a French Maritime Pine Bark Extract-Based Nutritional Supplement on TNF-α-Induced Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Human Coronary Artery Endothelial Cells".

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 5;2018:5642129. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Physiology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/260530.]. Read More

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November 2018
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Impact of physical activity and sleep quality on quality of life of rural residents with and without a history of cancer: findings of the Day and Night Study.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 9;10:5525-5535. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Background: Lifestyle behaviors may impact quality of life (QoL). The relative impact of physical activity and sleep quality on QoL of individuals with and without a history of cancer living in underserved rural communities requires further study to inform health care and public health initiatives.

Methods: Individuals with and without a history of cancer were recruited from rural Virginia. Read More

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November 2018

Prognostic significance of combined preoperative platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio in patients undergoing surgery with stage IB non-small-cell lung cancer.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 8;10:5411-5422. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China,

Background: Research indicates that the presence of a systemic inflammatory response plays an important role in predicting survival in patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic nutritional index, and the combination of preoperative LMR and PLR (LMR-PLR) in predicting the survival of patients with stage IB non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 577 patients with stage IB NSCLC who underwent pneumonectomy from January 1999 to December 2009. Read More

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November 2018

Therapeutic faecal microbiota transplantation controls intestinal inflammation through IL10 secretion by immune cells.

Nat Commun 2018 Dec 5;9(1):5184. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Experimental Oncology, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, via Adamello 16, Milan, 20139, Italy.

Alteration of the gut microbiota has been associated with different gastrointestinal disorders. Normobiosis restoration by faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is considered a promising therapeutic approach, even if the mechanisms underlying its efficacy are at present largely unknown. Here we sought to elucidate the functional effects of therapeutic FMT administration during experimental colitis on innate and adaptive immune responses in the intestinal mucosa. Read More

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December 2018
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iTRAQ-based quantitative tissue proteomic analysis of differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in non-transgenic and transgenic soybean seeds.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 5;8(1):17681. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Agricultural and Academic Sciences, Beijing, 100081, PR China.

The unintended effects of transgenesis have increased food safety concerns, meriting comprehensive evaluation. Proteomic profiling provides an approach to directly assess the unintended effects. Herein, the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) comparative proteomic approach was employed to evaluate proteomic profile differences in seed cotyledons from 4 genetically modified (GM) and 3 natural genotypic soybean lines. Read More

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December 2018

Analysis of genome-wide variants through bulked segregant RNA sequencing reveals a major gene for resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae in Brassica oleracea.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 5;8(1):17657. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Saskatoon Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon, Canada.

Two cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars 'Tekila' and 'Kilaherb' were identified as resistant to several pathotypes of Plasmodiophora brassicae. In this study, we identified a clubroot resistance gene (Rcr7) in 'Tekila' for resistance to pathotype 3 of P. brassicae from a segregating population derived from 'Tekila' crossed with the susceptible line T010000DH3. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Marginal Zinc Deficiency and Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of Arsenic Elicit Combined Effects on the Gut Microbiome.

mSphere 2018 Dec 5;3(6). Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

Extensive research shows that dietary variation and toxicant exposure impact the gut microbiome, yielding effects on host physiology. However, prior work has mostly considered such exposure-microbiome interactions through the lens of single-factor exposures. In practice, humans exposed to toxicants vary in their dietary nutritional status, and this variation may impact subsequent exposure of the gut microbiome. Read More

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December 2018

DNA Methyltransferase 1 Controls Nephron Progenitor Cell Renewal and Differentiation.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

III. Department of Medicine,

Background: Nephron number is a major determinant of long-term renal function and cardiovascular risk. Observational studies suggest that maternal nutritional and metabolic factors during gestation contribute to the high variability of nephron endowment. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms have been unclear. Read More

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December 2018
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Methods for trustworthy nutritional recommendations NutriRECS (Nutritional Recommendations and accessible Evidence summaries Composed of Systematic reviews): a protocol.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):162. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Recent systematic reviews and editorials suggest that many organizations that produce nutritional guideline recommendations do not adhere to internationally recognized standards set forth by the Institute of Medicine (IoM), Guidelines International Network (GIN), Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE), and Grading Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE).

Methods: The potential solution is an independent group with content expertise and skilled in the methodology of systematic reviews and practice guidelines to produce trustworthy guideline recommendations, recommendations that are supported by publication in a top tier journal. The BMJ Rapid Recommendations project has recently demonstrated the feasibility and utility of this approach. Read More

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December 2018

Multiple environmental stressors induce complex transcriptomic responses indicative of phenotypic outcomes in Western fence lizard.

BMC Genomics 2018 Dec 5;19(1):877. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

U.S. Army Public Health Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Aberdeen, MD, 21010, USA.

Background: The health and resilience of species in natural environments is increasingly challenged by complex anthropogenic stressor combinations including climate change, habitat encroachment, and chemical contamination. To better understand impacts of these stressors we examined the individual- and combined-stressor impacts of malaria infection, food limitation, and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) exposures on gene expression in livers of Western fence lizards (WFL, Sceloporus occidentalis) using custom WFL transcriptome-based microarrays.

Results: Computational analysis including annotation enrichment and correlation analysis identified putative functional mechanisms linking transcript expression and toxicological phenotypes. Read More

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December 2018
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The Double-Edged Sword Effects of Maternal Nutrition in the Developmental Programming of Hypertension.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan.

Hypertension is a growing global epidemic. Developmental programming resulting in hypertension can begin in early life. Maternal nutrition status has important implications as a double-edged sword in the developmental programming of hypertension. Read More

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December 2018

Decreased Bioelectrical Impedance Phase Angle in Hospitalized Children and Adolescents with Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes: A Case-Control Study.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 4;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszów, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland.

The aim of this study was to assess the body composition and nutritional status of hospitalized pediatric patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes by using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with phase angle (PA) calculation. PA is considered to be a useful and very sensitive indicator of the nutritional and functional status, and it has not yet been evaluated in such a population. Sixty-three pediatric patients aged 4 to 18 years, with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, were included in the study. Read More

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December 2018

A Metabolomics Approach to the Identification of Urinary Biomarkers of Pea Intake.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Agriculture and Food Science, Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

A significant body of evidence demonstrates that isoflavone metabolites are good markers of soy intake, while research is lacking on specific markers of other leguminous sources such as peas. In this context, the objective of our current study was to identify biomarkers of pea intake using an untargeted metabolomics approach. A randomized cross-over acute intervention study was conducted on eleven participants who consumed peas and couscous (control food) in random order. Read More

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December 2018

It Is Time to Make Policy for Healthier Food Environments in Australian Universities.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

The obesogenic food environment is likely driving excessive weight gain in young adults. Our study aimed to investigate the nutritional quality of current food and drink offerings in an Australian university. This cross-sectional study included baseline environmental audits of 30 food outlets and 62 vending machines across campus. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparative Effectiveness of the Core Components of Cardiac Rehabilitation on Mortality and Morbidity: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 4;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Toronto Health Economics and Technology Assessment (THETA) Collaborative, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, ON M5G 2C4, Canada.

A systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the core components of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), nutritional counseling (NC), risk factor modification (RFM), psychosocial management (PM), patient education (PE), and exercise training (ET)) was undertaken. Published RCTs were identified from database inception dates to April 2017, and risk of bias assessed using Cochrane's tool. Endpoints included mortality (all-cause and cardiovascular (CV)) and morbidity (fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and hospitalization (all-cause and CV)). Read More

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December 2018

TAS1R1 and TAS1R3 Polymorphisms Relate to Energy and Protein-Rich Food Choices from a Buffet Meal Respectively.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia QLD 4072, Australia.

Eating behaviour in humans is a complex trait that involves sensory perception. Genetic variation in sensory systems is one of the factors influencing perception of foods. However, the extent that these genetic variations may determine food choices in a real meal scenario warrants further research. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Disordered Eating Attitudes and Behavioral and Neuroelectric Indices of Cognitive Flexibility in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Impairment in cognitive flexibility is a trait characteristic among individuals with diagnosed eating disorders. However, the extent to which these relationships exist in individuals with overweight or obesity remains unclear. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge characterizing the neural underpinnings of these relationships. Read More

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December 2018
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Extraction and characterization of lipids from Sarcocornia ambigua meal: a halophyte biomass produced with shrimp farm effluent irrigation.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2014 Jun;86(2):935-943

Escola de Química e Alimentos, Laboratório Kolbe de Síntese Orgânica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande/FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brasil.

Sarcocornia ambigua is a perennial glasswort, native of South America and a potential new seed-oil crop and forage for direct irrigation with salt water. Small seeds develop inside fertile segments of its cylindrical leafless shoots and, at the harvest, seeds are typically mixed with remnant cellulose material difficult to separate. This work evaluated different extraction methods and the composition of total esterified fatty acids in a meal of ground fertile shoots of S. Read More

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[Current Developments in Nutritional Therapy of Intensive Care Patients].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2018 Dec 3;143(24):1759-1764. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Medizinische Klinik III (Gastroenterologie, Stoffwechselerkrankungen und Internistische Intensivmedizin) Universitätsklinikum, RWTH-Aachen.

The goals of nutritional therapy for critically ill patients are the enteral or parenteral provision of calories, proteins, electrolytes, vitamins, trace elements and fluids. The metabolism of critically ill patients is characterized by a catabolic stress condition, which is caused by a systemic inflammatory response and is associated with an increased infection rate, occurrence of multiple organ failure and increased mortality.Traditionally, nutritional therapy has been considered as an "adjunctive" therapy for critically ill patients with the primary goal of providing energy to maintain muscle mass. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of metabolically healthy obese phenotype and associated factors in South American overweight adolescents: A cross-sectional study.

Nutrition 2018 Aug 27;60:19-24. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Physical Education, Center of Health Sciences, State University of Maringa, Maringa, Brazil; Multidisciplinary Centre of Obesity Studies, State University of Maringa, Maringa, Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype and associated factors in South American adolescents who are overweight.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 340 overweight adolescent boys and girls between 10 and 18 y of age. The participants were classified as MHO according to two definitions: absence of any metabolic syndrome component and absence of insulin resistance (IR). Read More

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Advances and challenges in liposome digestion: Surface interaction, biological fate, and GIT modeling.

Adv Colloid Interface Sci 2018 Nov 27;263:52-67. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

College of Food and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, PR China. Electronic address:

During the past 50 years, there has been increased interest in liposomes as carriers of pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and agricultural products. More recently, much progress has been made in the use of surface-modified formulas in experimental food matrices. However, before the viability and the applications of nutrients in liposomal form in the edible field can be determined, the digestion behavior along the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) must be clarified. Read More

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November 2018

Smart food policy for healthy food labeling: Leading with taste, not healthiness, to shift consumption and enjoyment of healthy foods.

Prev Med 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address:

Smart food policy models for improving dietary intake recommend tailoring interventions to people's food preferences. Yet, despite people citing tastiness as their leading concern when making food choices, healthy food labels overwhelmingly emphasize health attributes (e.g. Read More

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November 2018

An overview of the role of exclusive enteral nutrition for complicated Crohn's disease.

Intest Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch, New Zealand.

The role and efficacy of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) in the treatment of luminal Crohn's disease (CD) has been well established over the last 2 decades. Consequently, in many centers nutritional therapy is now considered first line therapy in the induction of remission of active CD. However, the use of nutritional therapy in complicated CD has yet to be fully determined. Read More

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December 2018
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Protein-energy wasting and asymmetric dimethylarginine in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Acta Biochim Pol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Cardiovascular (CVS) morbidity and mortality in the peritoneal dialysis patients (PD) is 10-30-fold higher than in the general population. A relatively low level of adiponectin and a higher level of leptin are important predictors of vascular complications as well as CVS events in PD patients. The asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, is an important risk factor of CVS morbidity and mortality. Read More

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December 2018
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Salvage laryngectomy and laryngopharyngectomy: A multicenter review of outcomes associated with a reconstructive approach: Microvascular Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

University of Toronto, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 200 Elizabeth Street, 8th Floor 8NU 881, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C4.

Background: Surgeons have developed various reconstructive techniques to minimize the rate of pharyngocutaneous fistula and optimize functional outcome after salvage laryngectomy or laryngopharyngectomy.

Methods: Multicenter retrospective review at 33 institutions of 486 patients with a history of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx or hypopharynx previously treated with primary chemoradiotherapy (CRT) who required salvage surgery. Outcomes evaluated were overall fistula rate, fistula requiring reoperation, and 12-month speech and swallowing function. Read More

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December 2018