1,295 results match your criteria Nutrition Journal [Journal]


Periconceptional folic acid supplementation and sex difference in prevention of neural tube defects and their subtypes in China: results from a large prospective cohort study.

Nutr J 2018 Dec 12;17(1):115. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute of Reproductive and Child Health / Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of China.

Background: Folic acid (FA) supplementation is known to prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). We examined whether this preventive effect differs by the sex of the infant.

Methods: Data were gathered from a large population-based cohort study in China that evaluated the effects of FA supplementation on NTDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0421-3DOI Listing

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December 2018

Higher dietary magnesium intake is associated with lower body mass index, waist circumference and serum glucose in Mexican adults.

Nutr J 2018 Dec 5;17(1):114. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) - Center for Nutrition and Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.

Background: Obesity and diabetes mellitus (DM) are public health concerns in Mexico of top-level priority due to their high prevalence and their growth rate in recent decades. The accumulation of adipose tissue leads to an unbalanced release of pro-oxidant factors, which causes cellular damage and favors the development of comorbidities. Recent evidence suggests that oxidative stress also promotes the accumulation of adipose tissue and the development of insulin resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0422-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282375PMC

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December 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of a long-term home parenteral nutrition regimen containing fish oil-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: a single-centre, randomized, double blind study.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 30;17(1):113. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Surgery, Campus Charité Mitte | Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Chariteplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Data on the use of lipid emulsions containing fish-oil (FO) derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) in addition to medium- and long-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) for long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) are limited. This study aimed to compare HPN regimens containing either MCT/LCT/FO-derived n-3 PUFAs (test group) or MCT/LCT (control group) with respect to efficacy and safety during 8 weeks of HPN using a non-inferiority trial design with change of body mass index (BMI) as primary endpoint.

Methods: This prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted at the Charité, Berlin, Germany, from 02/2008 until 01/2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0419-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6271579PMC

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November 2018

Maternal periconceptional consumption of sprouted potato and risks of neural tube defects and orofacial clefts.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 28;17(1):112. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Peking University Institute of Reproductive and Child Health, National Health Commission Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, Beijing, 100191, China.

Background: The association between maternal consumption of sprouted potato during periconceptional period on the development of neural tube defects (NTDs) or orofacial clefts (OFCs) remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association between maternal consumption of sprouted potatoes during periconceptional period and risks of NTDs or OFCs.

Methods: Subjects included 622 NTD cases, 135 OFC cases and 858 nonmalformed controls, were recruited from a case-control study in Shanxi Province of northern China between 2002 and 2007. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0420-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262956PMC

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November 2018
1 Read

Comparison of the NHANES dietary screener questionnaire to the Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Recall for Children in the Healthy Communities Study.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 27;17(1):111. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Nutrition Policy Institute, University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources Division, 2115 Milvia Street, Third floor, Berkeley, CA, 94704, USA.

Background: A dietary screener questionnaire (DSQ) was used to assess dietary outcomes among children in the Healthy Communities Study (HCS), a study of the relationships between programs and policies to prevent child obesity and child diet, physical activity and weight outcomes.

Methods: To compare dietary intake estimates derived from the DSQ against those from the Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Recalls for Children (ASA24-Kids) among children, a measurement error model, using structural equation modelling, was utilized to estimate slopes, deattenuated correlation coefficients, and attenuation factors by age and sex, ethnicity, and BMI status.

Participants/setting: A randomly selected sub-sample of HCS participants aged 4-15 years in 130 communities throughout the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0415-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260716PMC

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November 2018

Dairy intake revisited - associations between dairy intake and lifestyle related cardio-metabolic risk factors in a high milk consuming population.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 22;17(1):110. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The association between milk and dairy intake and the incidence of cardiometabolic diseases, cancer and mortality has been evaluated in many studies, but these studies have had conflicting results with no clear conclusion on causal or confounding associations. The present study aims to further address this association by cross-sectional and longitudinal evaluation of the associations between exposure to various types of dairy products and metabolic risk markers among inhabitants in northern Sweden while taking other lifestyle factors into account.

Methods: Respondents in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme with complete and plausible diet data between 1991 and 2016 were included, yielding 124,934 observations from 90,512 unique subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0418-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251194PMC

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November 2018
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Development and validation of a quantitative choline food frequency questionnaire for use with drinking and non-drinking pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 22;17(1):108. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town Faculty of Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Although animal and human studies have demonstrated interactions between dietary choline and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, dietary choline deficiency in pregnancy is common in the US and worldwide. We sought to develop and validate a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) to estimate usual daily choline intake in pregnant mothers.

Methods: A panel of nutrition experts developed a Choline-QFFQ food item list, including sources with high choline content and the most commonly consumed choline-containing foods in the target population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0411-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251124PMC

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November 2018
4 Reads

Optimal cut-off for obesity and markers of metabolic syndrome for Ethiopian adults.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 22;17(1):109. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Human Nutrition Unit, Faculty of public Health, Jimma University, PO.BOX: 378, Jimma, Southwest, Ethiopia.

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as the presence of central obesity plus any two of the following markers: high triglycerides (> 150 mg/dl), low high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol < 40 mg/dl in men and < 50 mg/dl in women, hypertension (blood pressure > 130/85 mmHg or use of antihypertensive medication), high fasting blood glucose (> 100 mg/dl or use of treatment for diabetes mellitus). Since recently, metabolic syndrome and obesity have become emerging problems of both low and middle income countries, although they have been the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in high income countries for the past decades. It has been indicated that the international anthropometric cut-off for detecting obesity is not appropriate for Ethiopians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0416-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251157PMC

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November 2018
5 Reads

Dietary patterns during pregnancy and risk of gestational diabetes: a prospective cohort study in Western China.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 20;17(1):107. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Chinese Evidence-based Medicine Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: Previous research has demonstrated the association between maternal dietary patterns and gestational diabetes (GDM), but evidence in Asian populations remains limited and inconsistent. This study investigated the association between dietary patterns during early pregnancy and the risk of GDM among pregnant women in Western China.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 1337 pregnant women in Western China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0413-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245777PMC

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November 2018
8 Reads

Association of dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters with C-reactive protein and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in middle-aged and older adults with metabolic syndrome in Taiwan: a cross-sectional study.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 19;17(1):106. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei, 110, Taiwan.

Background: Metabolic syndrome is commonly associated with inflammation. The underlying factors of inflammation in metabolic syndrome are not fully understood. The objective of the study was to determine the association of dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters with inflammatory markers in middle-aged and older adults with metabolic syndrome in Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0417-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240947PMC

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November 2018
4 Reads

Maternal fruit and vegetable or vitamin C consumption during pregnancy is associated with fetal growth and infant growth up to 6 months: results from the Korean Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) cohort study.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 12;17(1):105. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Based on data obtained from pregnant women who participated in the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study in South Korea, we aimed to determine whether maternal intake of fruits and vegetables or vitamin C is associated with fetal and infant growth.

Methods: A total of 1138 Korean pregnant women at 12-28 weeks gestation with their infants were recruited as study participants for the MOCEH. Intake of fruits and vegetables or vitamin C during pregnancy was assessed by a 1-day 24-h recall method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0410-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231254PMC

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November 2018
7 Reads

Vegetables and legumes in new Australasian food launches: how are they being used and are they a healthy choice?

Nutr J 2018 Nov 9;17(1):104. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, 3220, Australia.

Background: Despite the health benefits of regular vegetable and legume consumption, on average Australians are consuming only half of the recommended daily intake. The reasons for this low consumption are complex, and are particularly driven by societal shifts towards convenient and ready-to-eat meal options. It is currently unknown how legumes and vegetables are being utilised in food products within the Australian context, and the nutritional value or level of processing of these products. Read More

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https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0414-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230301PMC

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November 2018
3 Reads

Impact of rye-based evening meals on cognitive functions, mood and cardiometabolic risk factors: a randomized controlled study in healthy middle-aged subjects.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 6;17(1):102. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Whole grain (WG) intake is associated with reduced risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, whereas type 2 diabetes increases the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of short-term intervention with WG rye on cognitive functions, mood and cardiometabolic risk markers in middle-aged test subjects.

Method: Rye-based breads were provided to 38 healthy test subjects (aged 52-70y) during three consecutive days in a crossover study design, using white wheat flour bread (WWB) as a reference. Read More

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https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0412-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220522PMC

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November 2018
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A health facility based case-control study on determinants of low birth weight in Dassie town, Northeast Ethiopia: the role of nutritional factors.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 6;17(1):103. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Jimma University, Faculty of Public Health, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Low birth weight remains a major public health problem affecting developing countries. Evidence shows that low birth weight has long lasting negative health consequences through its contribution to stunting, mental impairment and non-communicable chronic diseases in later life. Thus, it is worth investigating the role of nutritional factors as determinants of low birth weight to suggest nutritional interventions to curb its negative health outcomes. Read More

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https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0409-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220456PMC

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November 2018
12 Reads

An empirical investigation of the impact of smoking on body weight using an endogenous treatment effects model approach: the role of food consumption patterns.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 5;17(1):101. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

GESIS-Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: This study explored the influence of cigarette smoking and food consumption patterns on BMI after adjusting for various socio-demographic characteristics. Since weight-based stereotypes may have an impact on smoking behaviour and both obesity and smoking have been associated with detrimental health effects, an interdependency between them is quite possible.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected via a formal standardized questionnaire administered in personal interviews and two additional self-completion questionnaires from a random sample of 3471 German adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0408-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6217773PMC

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November 2018
2 Reads

In utero exposure to extra vitamin D from food fortification and the risk of subsequent development of gestational diabetes: the D-tect study.

Nutr J 2018 Nov 2;17(1):100. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Research Unit for Dietary Studies at The Parker Institute Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, part of the Copenhagen University Hospital - The capital Region, Nordre Fasanvej 57, vej 8, entrance 11, 2000, Frederiksberg, Denmark.

Background: The primary aim of this study was to assess whether exposure during fetal life to extra vitamin D from food fortification was associated with a reduction in the risk of subsequently developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Furthermore, we examined whether the effect of the vitamin D from fortification differed by women's season of birth.

Methods: This semi-ecological study is based on the cancellation in 1985 of the mandatory policy to fortify margarine with vitamin D in Denmark, with inclusion of entire national adjacent birth cohorts either exposed or unexposed to extra vitamin D in utero. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0403-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215342PMC

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November 2018

Dietary fiber intake and reduced risk of ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 30;17(1):99. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730030, Gansu Province, China.

Background: Epidemiological studies regarding the association between dietary fiber intake and ovarian cancer risk are still inconsistent. We aimed to review the available evidence and conduct a dose-response meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between dietary fiber intake and ovarian cancer risk.

Methods: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases before August 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0407-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208085PMC

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October 2018
3 Reads

The relationship between the effect of matured hop extract and physical activity on reducing body fat: re-analysis of data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel group study.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 30;17(1):98. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Research Laboratories for Health Science and Food Technologies, Kirin Co., Ltd. 1-13-5, Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Background: We recently reported that successive ingestion of matured hop extract (MHE), produced by oxidation of hops, results in a reduction of body fat in healthy overweight participants. A combined effect of MHE and physical activity on body fat has not been investigated. Thus, we re-analyzed data from the previous study to explore the relationship between the effect of MHE and walking as an index of physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0405-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208082PMC

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October 2018

A multilevel, multicomponent childhood obesity prevention group-randomized controlled trial improves healthier food purchasing and reduces sweet-snack consumption among low-income African-American youth.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 29;17(1):96. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of International Health, Global Obesity Prevention Center, and Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Consumption of foods and beverages rich in sugar remains high across all races and ages in the United States. Interventions to address childhood obesity and decrease sugar intake are needed, particularly in low-income settings.

Methods: B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) was a group-randomized, controlled trial implemented among 9-15-year olds in 30 low-income areas of Baltimore. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0406-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206663PMC

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October 2018
10 Reads

Insights into infancy weight gain patterns for term small-for-gestational-age babies.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 29;17(1):97. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Luding Road 355, Putuo district, Shanghai, 200062, China.

Background: Too fast or slow weight gain in infancy is bad for health in later life. In this study, we aim to investigate the optimal weight gain pattern during the first 2 y of life for term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants.

Method: We employed data from a longitudinal, community-based cohort study on the growth and development of SGAs collected between 2004 and 2010 in Shanghai, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0397-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206641PMC

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October 2018
2 Reads

The extent and nature of supermarket own brand foods in Australia: study protocol for describing the contribution of selected products to the healthfulness of food environments.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 25;17(1):95. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Kent Street, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia, 6845, Australia.

Background: While public health experts have identified food environments as a driver of poor diet, they also hold great potential to reduce obesity, non-communicable diseases, and their inequalities. Supermarkets are the dominant retail food environment in many developed countries including Australia. The contribution of supermarket own brands to the healthfulness of retail food environments has not yet been explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0404-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201490PMC

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October 2018

Validation of repeated self-reported n-3 PUFA intake using serum phospholipid fatty acids as a biomarker in breast cancer patients during treatment.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 17;17(1):94. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, 0317, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in breast cancer is not clear and under debate. To explore this relationship it is important to have proper validated dietary assessment methods for measuring the intake of n-3 PUFAs. The aim of the current study is to validate two different methods used to assess the intake of selected n-3 PUFAs as well as food sources of long-chained n-3 PUFAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0402-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192340PMC

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October 2018
3 Reads

Food-related behaviours among individuals with overweight/obesity and normal body weight.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 16;17(1):93. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Emotional eating is a factor associated with a negative body image and other problematic eating behaviours. In this context little is known about differences between individuals with overweight and obesity and those with normal body weight. The main aim of the study was to evaluate the role of emotional eating in the relationship between the desire to consume chocolate and the wish to avoid social situations related to food and body exposures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0401-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192179PMC

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October 2018
4 Reads

Pessimism, diet, and the ability to improve dietary habits: a three-year follow-up study among middle-aged and older Finnish men and women.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 15;17(1):92. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Päijät-Häme Central Hospital, Keskussairaalankatu 7, FI-15850, Lahti, Finland.

Background: Dietary habits have a great influence on physiological health. Even though this fact is generally recognized, people do not eat as healthily as they know they should. The factors that support a healthy diet, on the other hand, are not well known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0400-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6190558PMC

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October 2018

Population-based studies of relationships between dietary acidity load, insulin resistance and incident diabetes in Danes.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 6;17(1):91. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, DK-2200, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: It has been suggested that the acidity of the diet may be related to increased risk of type 2 diabetes. To investigate this hypothesis, we tested if the acidity of the diet, measured as the Potential Renal Acid Load (PRAL) score, was associated with incident diabetes and diabetes-related intermediary traits.

Methods: A total of 54,651 individuals from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health (DCH) cohort were included in the prospective cox regression analyses of incident diabetes over a 15 years follow-up period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0395-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173920PMC

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October 2018

Dietary patterns of university students in the UK: a cross-sectional study.

Nutr J 2018 Oct 5;17(1):90. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Food & Nutrition Group, Business School, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, S1 1WB, UK.

Background: University represents a key transition into adulthood for many adolescents but there are associated concerns about health and behaviours. One important aspect relates to diet and there is emerging evidence that university students may consume poor quality diets, with potential implications for body weight and long-term health. This research aimed to characterise dietary patterns of university students in the UK and their sociodemographic and lifestyle antecedents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0398-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172790PMC

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October 2018
8 Reads

Rapid Eating Assessment for Participants [shortened version] scores are associated with Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores and other indices of diet quality in healthy adult omnivores and vegetarians.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 28;17(1):89. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Nutrition Program, College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, 500 N. 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ, 85004, USA.

The Healthy Eating Index-2010 is a measure of diet quality as portrayed by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; however, computing the Healthy Eating Index score is time consuming and requires trained personnel. The Rapid Eating Assessment for Participants [shortened version] is a simple measure that quickly, in less than 10 min, assesses diet quality in a clinical or research setting. This research evaluated the degree of correlation between these two methods of scoring diet quality, as well as between these methods and other indicators of diet quality, including the nutrient density of the diet, the dietary potential renal acid load, urine pH, and plasma vitamin C concentrations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0399-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162919PMC

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September 2018
3 Reads

Healthy diets ASAP - Australian Standardised Affordability and Pricing methods protocol.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 27;17(1):88. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Preventive Health Branch, Department of Health, Queensland Government, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: This paper describes the rationale, development and final protocol of the Healthy Diets Australian Standardised Affordability and Pricing (ASAP) method which aims to assess, compare and monitor the price, price differential and affordability of healthy (recommended) and current (unhealthy) diets in Australia. The protocol is consistent with the International Network for Food and Obesity / non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support's (INFORMAS) optimal approach to monitor food price and affordability globally.

Methods: The Healthy Diets ASAP protocol was developed based on literature review, drafting, piloting and revising, with key stakeholder consultation at all stages, including at a national forum. Read More

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https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0396-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161417PMC

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September 2018
6 Reads

Association between whole grain intake and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 21;17(1):87. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 508, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Epidemiological studies have found that high whole grain intake may be associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. However, the evidence has not been consistent. We conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively assess the association between whole grain intake and breast cancer risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0394-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201708PMC

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September 2018

Efficacy of high zinc biofortified wheat in improvement of micronutrient status, and prevention of morbidity among preschool children and women - a double masked, randomized, controlled trial.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 15;17(1):86. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Biofortification of staple food crops with zinc (Zn) can be one of the cost-effective and sustainable strategies to combat zinc deficiency and prevent morbidity among the target population. Agronomic approaches such as application of Zn fertilizers to soil and/or foliar spray seem to be a practical tool for Zn biofortification of wheat. However, there is a need to evaluate its efficacy from randomized controlled trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0391-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6139156PMC

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September 2018
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2.600 Impact Factor

Severely malnourished children with a low weight-for-height have a higher mortality than those with a low mid-upper-arm-circumference: I. Empirical data demonstrates Simpson's paradox.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 15;17(1):79. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland.

Background: According to WHO childhood severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is diagnosed when the weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) is <-3Z of the WHO standards, the mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) is < 115 mm, there is nutritional oedema or any combination of these parameters. Recently there has been a move to eliminate WHZ as a diagnostic criterion on the assertion that children meeting the WHZ criterion are healthy, that MUAC is universally a superior prognostic indicator of mortality and that adding WHZ to the assessment does not improve the prediction; these assertions have lead to a controversy concerning the role of WHZ in the diagnosis of SAM.

Methods: We examined the mortality experience of 76,887 6-60 month old severely malnourished children admitted for treatment to in-patient, out-patient or supplementary feeding facilities in 18 African countries, of whom 3588 died. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0384-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138885PMC

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September 2018

Identifying children at risk of malnutrition.

Authors:
Alan A Jackson

Nutr J 2018 Sep 15;17(1):84. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Emeritus Professor of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital (MP 113), Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0392-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138924PMC

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September 2018

Severely malnourished children with a low weight-for-height have a higher mortality than those with a low mid-upper-arm-circumference: III. Effect of case-load on malnutrition related mortality- policy implications.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 15;17(1):81. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland.

Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is diagnosed when the weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) is <-3Z of the WHO standards, or a mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) of < 115 mm or there is nutritional oedema. Although there has been a move to eliminate WHZ as a diagnostic criterion we have shown that children with a low WHZ have at least as high a mortality risk as those with a low MUAC. Here we take the estimated case fatality rates and published case-loads to estimate the proportion of total SAM related deaths occurring in children that would be excluded from treatment with a MUAC-only policy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0382-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138898PMC

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September 2018

Severely malnourished children with a low weight-for-height have similar mortality to those with a low mid-upper-arm-circumference: II. Systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 15;17(1):80. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.

Background: The WHO recommended criteria for diagnosis of sever acute malnutrition (SAM) are weight-for-height/length Z-score (WHZ) of <- 3Z of the WHO standards, a mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) of < 115 mm, nutritional oedema or any combination of these parameters. A move to eliminate WHZ as a diagnostic criterion has been made on the assertion that children with a low WHZ are healthy, that MUAC is a "superior" prognostic indicator of mortality and that adding WHZ to the assessment does not improve the prediction of death. Our objective was to examine the literature comparing the risk of death of SAM children admitted by WHZ or MUAC criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0383-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138903PMC

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September 2018

Environmental footprints of food consumption and dietary patterns among Lebanese adults: a cross-sectional study.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 12;17(1):85. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Nutrition and Food Sciences Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut, 11072020, Lebanon.

Background: Following the release of the Sustainable Development Goals, dietary patterns and guidelines are being revised for their effect on the environment in addition to their health implications. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the Environmental Footprints (EFPs) of food consumption patterns among Lebanese adults.

Methods: For this study, data for adults aged > 18 years (n = 337) were drawn from a previous national survey conducted in Lebanon (2008-2009), where dietary intake was assessed using a 61-item Food Frequency Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0393-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136176PMC

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September 2018

A systematic search and qualitative review of reporting bias of lifestyle interventions in randomized controlled trials of diabetes prevention and management.

Nutr J 2018 Sep 7;17(1):83. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

School of Health Sciences, Community Health Division, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI, USA.

Background: Scholars have documented presumptions regarding the relationships between diet, exercise, weight, and type 2 diabetes. However, it is unclear to what extent researchers contribute to these presumptions, and how often these relationships are thoroughly delineated within the context of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Thus, the aim was to conduct a systematic search and qualitative, thematic analysis of RCTs focusing on lifestyle interventions for diabetes prevention or management, to examine how researchers discuss body weight in 1) the rationale and design of their RCTs; and 2) their presentation and interpretation of their findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0390-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6129007PMC

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September 2018

Role of milk and dairy intake in cognitive function in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nutr J 2018 Aug 27;17(1):82. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Gachon University, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, 461-701, South Korea.

Background: As aging populations increase across the globe, research on lifestyle factors that prevent cognitive decline and dementia is urgently needed. Therefore, a systematic review was conducted to examine the effects of varying levels of milk intake alone or in combination with other dairy products on the outcomes of cognitive function and disorders in adults.

Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted across 3 databases (PUBMED, CINAHL, and EMBASE) from their inception through October 2017. Read More

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https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0387-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112122PMC

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August 2018
9 Reads

Ethnic disparities of beverage consumption in infants and children 0-5 years of age; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014.

Nutr J 2018 Aug 22;17(1):78. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Nutrition Impact, LLC, Battle Creek, MI, 49014, USA.

Background: Dietary patterns, including beverage consumption, that are developed during a child's first few years of life have been shown to impact dietary choices made later in life. Authoritative sources provide beverage recommendations for infants and children; however, it is unclear if these guidelines are followed and what, if any, the differences are among races/ethnicities. The objective of this study was to examine beverage consumption to recommendations among children 0-5 months, 6-11 months, 12-23 months, 2-3 years, and 4-5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0388-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106834PMC

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Dietary patterns are associated with blood lipids at 18-year-olds: a cross-sectional analysis nested in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort.

Nutr J 2018 Aug 22;17(1):77. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160, 3° andar, Pelotas, RS, 96020-220, Brazil.

Background: Evidence regarding the deleterious effects of diet on blood lipids in adolescence has been inconsistent, and few studies have investigated this association using a dietary pattern approach. We examined whether dietary pattern of adolescents are associated with blood lipid concentrations.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 3524 18-year-old participants in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0389-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106900PMC

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August 2018
3 Reads

Fortified food supplementation in children with reduced dietary energy and micronutrients intake in Southern Mexico.

Nutr J 2018 Aug 13;17(1):76. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Nutritional supplements are an important source of complementary food for young children, since they may either complement or substitute nutrients obtained from other food sources. Assessing how the introduction of different types of supplements modifies the consumption of other food sources may help in designing supplementation programs that aim to improve the nutrition of vulnerable populations. The objetive is to quantify dietary energy and nutrient intake among children aged 6-12 months who received one of three nutritional supplements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0385-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090663PMC

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Ramadan fasting alters food patterns, dietary diversity and body weight among Ghanaian adolescents.

Nutr J 2018 Aug 11;17(1):75. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, P O Box 1883, Tamale, Ghana.

Background: Ramadan is a monthlong fast for healthy adolescents and adult Muslims. The quality of foods eaten and eating patterns in Ramadan may be different from other months of the year. Food intake of adolescents is a concern as energy and nutrient requirements are higher and needed to support the growth spurt of this stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0386-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086999PMC

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August 2018
7 Reads

Family-based intervention using face-to-face sessions and social media to improve Malay primary school children's adiposity: a randomized controlled field trial of the Malaysian REDUCE programme.

Nutr J 2018 Aug 2;17(1):74. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Level 1, Block B (Academic), 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Social media may be an effective medium by which parents could be trained to promote healthy eating behaviour and physical activity for their children. This trial evaluates the effectiveness of a family-based intervention using social media in combination with face-to-face sessions - the REDUCE (REorganise Diet, Unnecessary sCreen time and Exercise) programme - on adiposity of Malay children.

Methods: Five primary schools in an urban area in Selangor, Malaysia participated in this two-arm randomized controlled field trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0379-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090983PMC

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August 2018
16 Reads
2.600 Impact Factor

Evaluation of the online Beverage Frequency Questionnaire (BFQ).

Nutr J 2018 Aug 1;17(1):73. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Background: The contribution of beverages to overall diet is of increasing interest to researchers and policymakers, particularly in terms of consumption of drinks high in added sugars; however, few tools to assess beverage intake have been developed and evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the relative validity of a new online Beverage Frequency Questionnaire (BFQ) among young adults in Canada.

Methods: A cross-sectional relative validation study was conducted among young adults aged 16-30 years (n = 50). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0380-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090967PMC

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Role of whole grains versus fruits and vegetables in reducing subclinical inflammation and promoting gastrointestinal health in individuals affected by overweight and obesity: a randomized controlled trial.

Nutr J 2018 Jul 30;17(1):72. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1901 North 21st Street, Lincoln, NE, 68588-6205, USA.

Background: Whole grains (WG) and fruits and vegetables (FV) have been shown to reduce the risk of metabolic disease, possibly via modulation of the gut microbiota. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of increasing intake of either WG or FV on inflammatory markers and gut microbiota composition.

Methods: A randomized parallel arm feeding trial was completed on forty-nine subjects with overweight or obesity and low intakes of FV and WG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0381-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066923PMC

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Maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and preterm delivery: a large prospective cohort study in China.

Nutr J 2018 Jul 25;17(1):71. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, 9 Junsui Road, Zhujiang Newtown, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510623, China.

Background: Evidence about the associations between maternal dietary patterns and preterm delivery is scarce in Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and preterm delivery in a Chinese population.

Methods: A total of 7352 mothers were included in the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study, a prospective study in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0377-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060524PMC

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July 2018
3 Reads

Erythrocyte DHA and AA in infancy is not associated with developmental status and cognitive functioning five years later in Nepalese children.

Nutr J 2018 Jul 19;17(1):70. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Division for Medical Services, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Lillehammer, Norway.

Background: Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) are crucial for normal brain development in utero and in early infancy. Data on fatty acid status and cognitive development in infants and children from low-income countries are scarce.

Methods: We examined the association between the DHA and AA status in infancy (n = 320) and developmental status and cognitive functioning five years later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0375-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053716PMC

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July 2018
2 Reads

Progress of children with severe acute malnutrition in the malnutrition treatment centre rehabilitation program: evidence from a prospective study in Jharkhand, India.

Nutr J 2018 Jul 18;17(1):69. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Ekjut, Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India.

Background: In Jharkhand, Malnutrition Treatment Centres (MTCs) have been established to provide care to children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The study examined the effects of facility- and community based care provided as part the MTC program on children with severe acute malnutrition.

Method: A cohort of 150 children were enrolled and interviewed by trained investigators at admission, discharge, and after two months on the completion of the community-based phase of the MTC program. Read More

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https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0378-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6052514PMC

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July 2018
14 Reads

Dietary pattern is associated with obesity in Chinese children and adolescents: data from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS).

Nutr J 2018 Jul 11;17(1):68. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

China Medical University, No.77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: Associations of dietary patterns in Chinese adolescents and children with later obesity have not previously been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of obesity in Chinese adolescents and children by using a longitudinal design.

Methods: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), a nationally representative survey, were used for our analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0372-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6042200PMC

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Greater vegetable variety and amount are associated with lower prevalence of coronary heart disease: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2014.

Nutr J 2018 Jul 10;17(1):67. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, 2420 2nd Ave. N, Grand Forks, ND, 58203, USA.

Background: The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) provides specific intake recommendations for vegetable variety and amount in order to protect against chronic disease. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have examined the link between DGA recommended vegetable variety and cardiometabolic disease. To address this research gap, our aim was to estimate the relationship between vegetable variety, vegetable amount, and prevalent cardiometabolic disease subtypes, and to assess potential determinants of vegetable variety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0376-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6040059PMC

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July 2018
1 Citation
2.600 Impact Factor

Five year trends in the serve size, energy, and sodium contents of New Zealand fast foods: 2012 to 2016.

Nutr J 2018 Jul 9;17(1):65. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

National Institute for Health Innovation, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.

Background: The nutritional composition of foods and beverages consumed away from the home has important implications for population health. Our objective was to determine if the serve size, energy, and sodium contents of fast foods sold at chain restaurants in New Zealand (NZ) changed between 2012 and 2016.

Methods: Serve size and nutrient data were collected in annual cross-sectional surveys of all products sold at 10 major fast food chains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0373-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6036696PMC

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July 2018
3 Reads