445,866 results match your criteria Nutrition & Metabolism[Journal]


Vitamin B Status in Pregnant Adolescents and Their Infants.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Vitamin B deficiency has been associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Few prospective studies have investigated the burden or determinants of vitamin B deficiency early in life, particularly among pregnant adolescents and their children. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of vitamin B deficiency and to examine associations between maternal and neonatal vitamin B status in a cohort study of healthy pregnant adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020397DOI Listing
February 2019

Erratum: Status of Retinoids and Carotenoids and Associations with Clinical Outcomes in Maternal-Infant Pairs in Nigeria. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1286.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Pediatrics 981205 Nebraska Medical Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-1205, USA.

Due to a mistake during the production process, there were spelling errors in four of the author names in the original published version [... Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020396DOI Listing
February 2019

Red Quinoa Bran Extracts Protects against Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Liver Injury and Fibrosis in Mice via Activation of Antioxidative Enzyme Systems and Blocking TGF-β1 Pathway.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Life Science, National Taitung University, Taitung 950, Taiwan.

The late stages of liver fibrosis are considered to be irreversible. Red quinoa ( Koidz), a traditional food for Taiwanese aborigines, was gradually developed as a novel supplemental food due to high dietary fibre and polyphenolic compounds. Its bran was usually regarded as the agricultural waste, but it contained a high concentration of rutin known as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020395DOI Listing
February 2019

Time Trends in Age at Menarche and Related Non-Communicable Disease Risk during the 20th Century in Mexico.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University and Research, 6708WE Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Developed countries have shown a time trend towards a younger age at menarche (AAM), which is associated with increased risk of later obesity and non-communicable diseases. This study aimed to assess whether a time trend in AAM is associated with disease risk in Mexican women ( = 30,826), using data from the Mexican National Health Survey (2000). Linear and log binomial regression was used for nutritional and disease outcomes, while Welch⁻ANOVA was used to test for a time trend. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020394DOI Listing
February 2019

Overview of Human Intervention Studies Evaluating the Impact of the Mediterranean Diet on Markers of DNA Damage.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), Università degli Studi di Milano, 20122 Milan, Italy.

The Mediterranean diet (MD) is characterized by high consumption of fruits, vegetables, cereals, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, lean fish, dairy products, small quantities of red meat, moderate alcohol consumption, and olive oil. Most of these foods are rich sources of bioactive compounds which may play a role in the protection of oxidative stress including DNA damage. The present review provides a summary of the evidence deriving from human intervention studies aimed at evaluating the impact of Mediterranean diet on markers of DNA damage, DNA repair, and telomere length. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020391DOI Listing
February 2019

Family Factors Associated with Selected Childhood Nutrition Aspects in Central Poland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 13;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences WULS-SGGW, 159c Nowoursynowska Str., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

Childhood diet has a significant influence on diet-related diseases in adulthood, so an understanding of environmental influences on nutrition, is important. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to indicate family factors associated with some aspects of children's nutrition in Central Poland. A questionnaire was used to investigate 892 mothers' approach to breastfeeding, frequency of eating with children at fast food restaurants, and serving them snacks, sugary drinks, and fried food. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040541DOI Listing
February 2019

Nutrition Knowledge Translation Performance in Health Professionals: Findings from the 2017 Unified Forces Preventive Nutrition Conference (UFPN).

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel 40700, Israel.

Background: Dietitians and other health care professionals must be able to translate findings from clinical trials into best treatment practices, a skill termed "knowledge translation". This skill requires knowledge of treatment guidelines as well as the science underpinning treatment recommendations. Unsatisfactory knowledge translation of medical nutrition therapy (MNT) has been documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020390DOI Listing
February 2019

Roles of PI3K/AKT/GSK3 Pathway Involved in Psychiatric Illnesses.

Diseases 2019 Feb 13;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Nara Women's University, Kita-Uoya Nishimachi, Nara 630-8506, Japan.

Psychiatric illnesses may be qualified to the cellular impairments of the function for survival or death in neurons, which may consequently appear as abnormalities in the neuroplasticity. The molecular mechanism has not been well understood, however, it seems that PI3K, AKT, GSK3, and their downstream molecules have crucial roles in the pathogenesis. Through transducing cell surviving signal, the PI3K/AKT/GSK3 pathway may organize an intracellular central network for the action of the synaptic neuroplasticity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diseases7010022DOI Listing
February 2019

Shedding Light on Vitamin D Status and Its Complexities during Pregnancy, Infancy and Childhood: An Australian Perspective.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 13;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Women's and Children's Division, Sunshine Hospital, St Albans, VIC 3021, Australia.

Ensuring that the entire Australian population is Vitamin D sufficient is challenging, given the wide range of latitudes spanned by the country, its multicultural population and highly urbanised lifestyle of the majority of its population. Specific issues related to the unique aspects of vitamin D metabolism during pregnancy and infancy further complicate how best to develop a universally safe and effective public health policy to ensure vitamin D adequacy for all. Furthermore, as Australia is considered a "sunny country", it does not yet have a national vitamin D food supplementation policy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040538DOI Listing
February 2019

Keto-Adaptation and Endurance Exercise Capacity, Fatigue Recovery, and Exercise-Induced Muscle and Organ Damage Prevention: A Narrative Review.

Sports (Basel) 2019 Feb 13;7(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa 359-1192, Japan.

A ketogenic diet (KD) could induce nutritional ketosis. Over time, the body will acclimate to use ketone bodies as a primary fuel to achieve keto-adaptation. Keto-adaptation may provide a consistent and fast energy supply, thus improving exercise performance and capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/sports7020040DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of Gut Dysbiosis on Neurohormonal Pathways in Chronic Kidney Disease.

Diseases 2019 Feb 13;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide major health problem. Traditional risk factors for CKD are hypertension, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. Recent studies have identified gut dysbiosis as a novel risk factor for the progression CKD and its complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diseases7010021DOI Listing
February 2019

Feeding of 1-Kestose Induces Glutathione-S-Transferase Expression in Mouse Liver.

Foods 2019 Feb 13;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Psychological and Physical Science, Aichi Gakuin University, Aichi 470-0195, Japan.

Functional food ingredients, including prebiotics, have been increasingly developed for human health. The improvement of the human intestinal environment is one of their main targets. Fructooligosaccarides (FOS) are oligosaccharide fructans that are well studied and commercialized prebiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods8020069DOI Listing
February 2019

Salt Preference and Ability to Discriminate between Salt Content of Two Commercially Available Products of Australian Primary Schoolchildren.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), Deakin University, Locked Bag 20000, Waurn Ponds, Geelong, Victoria 3220, Australia.

Australian children consume too much salt, primarily from processed foods where salt is often used to enhance flavour. Few studies have assessed children's salt preference in commercially available foods. This study aims to assess (1) children's preference and ability to discriminate between salt levels in two commercially available foods and (2) if preference or ability to discriminate between salt levels changes after an education program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020388DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of Probiotic Supplementation on Performance and the Histopathological Changes in Liver and Kidneys in Broiler Chickens Fed Diets with Aflatoxin B₁.

Toxins (Basel) 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pathology, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, 04-730 Warsaw, Poland.

The aim of the study was to investigate the toxic effects of aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁) and efficacy of a probiotic preparation containing , , , and and yeasts to ameliorate their effects in broiler chickens. A total of 168 one-day-old female Ross 308 broilers were randomly allocated to six groups. Three wheat and soybean meal-based diets were prepared: Control diet and diets contaminated with 1 or 5 mg/kg AFB₁ supplied in moldy wheat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins11020112DOI Listing
February 2019

A Systematic Review of the Association of Skipping Breakfast with Weight and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents. What Should We Better Investigate in the Future?

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

SCDU of Pediatrics, Department of Health Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, 28100 Novara, Italy.

The incidence of skipping breakfast in pediatric subjects is rising, and a relationship with overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) has been shown. Associations with cardiovascular outcomes and skipping breakfast in adults have been reported. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the association of skipping breakfast with body weight and metabolic outcomes in the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020387DOI Listing
February 2019

Short-Term Neonatal Oral Administration of Oleanolic Acid Protects against Fructose-Induced Oxidative Stress in the Skeletal Muscles of Suckling Rats.

Molecules 2019 Feb 13;24(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg 2193, South Africa.

Nutritional manipulations in the neonatal period are associated with the development of negative or positive health outcomes later in life. Excessive fructose consumption has been attributed to the increase in the global prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the development of oxidative stress. Oleanolic acid (OA) has anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040661DOI Listing
February 2019

Effectiveness of an Intervention of Dietary Counseling for Overweight and Obese Pregnant Women in the Consumption of Sugars and Energy.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, 7830490 Santiago, Chile.

Objective: Evaluate if an intervention based on nutritional counseling decreases total sugars and energy consumption in overweight and obese pregnant women, compared to their previous consumption and compared to women who only received routine counseling.

Methods: Randomized study of two groups: dietary counseling (Intervention Group: IG) and routine counseling (Control Group: CG). The intervention consisted of three educational sessions focused on decreasing intake of foods that most contribute to sugars consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020385DOI Listing
February 2019

Free Fatty Acids' Level and Nutrition in Critically Ill Patients and Association with Outcomes: A Prospective Sub-Study of PermiT Trial.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the clinical and nutritional correlates of high free fatty acids (FFAs) level in critically ill patients and the association with outcomes, and to study the effect of short-term caloric restriction (permissive underfeeding) on FFAs level during critical illness.

Patients/method: In this pre-planned sub-study of the PermiT (Permissive Underfeeding vs. Target Enteral Feeding in Adult Critically Ill Patients) trial, we included critically ill patients who were expected to stay for ≥14 days in the intensive care unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020384DOI Listing
February 2019

Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine by Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome According to the Roma IV Criteria: A Single-Center Italian Survey.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Feb 13;55(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Catanzaro "Magna Graecia", Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy.

This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) as assessed by the Rome IV criteria. Consecutive patients referring for IBS were re-evaluated according to the Rome IV criteria. Demographic features and characteristics potentially associated with the use of CAM were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55020046DOI Listing
February 2019

Identifying Barriers and Supports to Breastfeeding in the Workplace Experienced by Mothers in the New Hampshire Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Utilizing the Total Worker Health Framework.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 13;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

State Director, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Concord, NH 03301, USA.

Variations in the barriers and contributors to breastfeeding across industries have not been well characterized for vulnerable populations such as mothers participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Our study used the Total Worker Health Framework to characterize workplace factors acting as barriers and/or contributors to breastfeeding among women participating in the New Hampshire WIC. Surveys were collected from WIC mothers ( = 682), which asked about employment, industry, and workplace accommodation and supports related to breastfeeding in the workplace. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040529DOI Listing
February 2019

Positive Impact of Pulsed Electric Field on Lactic Acid Removal, Demineralization and Membrane Scaling during Acid Whey Electrodialysis.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 13;20(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Dairy Research Center (STELA) and Department of Food Sciences, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada.

The drying of acid whey is hindered by its high mineral and organic acid contents, and their removal is performed industrially through expensive and environmentally impacting serial processes. Previous works demonstrated the ability to remove these elements by electrodialysis alone but with a major concern-membrane scaling. In this study, two conditions of pulsed electric field (PEF) were tested and compared to conventional DC current condition to evaluate the potential of PEF to mitigate membrane scaling and to affect lactic acid and salt removals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20040797DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification of Differentially Expressed Genes and Pathways for Abdominal Fat Deposition in Ovariectomized and Sham-Operated Chickens.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;10(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.

Ovariectomy results in improved meat quality (growth rate, tenderness, and flavor) of broilers. However, some negative effects increased (abdominal fat (AF) deposition, low feed conversion, etc.) have also been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10020155DOI Listing
February 2019

New Insights on the Nutrition Status and Antioxidant Capacity in Multiple Sclerosis Patients.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 18;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Neurology, Ziv Medical Center, Zefat 1311001, Israel.

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multifactorial disease with unknown etiology. It is assumed to result from interplay between genetic and environmental factors, including nutrition. We hypothesized that there are differences in nutritional parameters between MS patients and healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020427DOI Listing
February 2019

Dynamic Ochratoxin A Production by Strains of Intended Used in Food Industry of China.

Toxins (Basel) 2019 Feb 18;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

NHC Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100021, China.

Thirty strains of , including 27 intended used in the food industry of China, were studied for their ochratoxin A (OTA) production on the three natural substrates-corn, rice, and wheat bran-at different time intervals by high-performance liquid chromatography. It was found that the frequencies of OTA for the studied 27 industrial strains ranged from 14.8% (4/27) at day 28 to 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins11020122DOI Listing
February 2019

Leaf Extract Ameliorates Steatosis Induced by High-fat Diet in Rats by Increasing Lysosomal Function.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 18;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Non-Clinical Evaluation Center, Biomedical Research Institute, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Chonbuk 54907, Korea.

The recent discovery that the impairment of autophagic flux in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) might be a strong determining factor in steatosis suggests the potential of therapeutic control of autophagic flux with natural agents in restoring NAFLD. We investigated the potential of leaf extract (EUL) to control dyslipidemia in NAFLD. EUL supplementation (200 mg/kg) promoted recovery from high fat diet (HFD)-induced lipid dysmetabolism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020426DOI Listing
February 2019

Triple Adaptation of the Mediterranean Diet: Design of A Meal Plan for Older People with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Based on Home Cooking.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 18;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Gastrointestinal Physiology Laboratory, CIBERehd CSdM-UAB, Hospital de Mataró, 08304 Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) and malnutrition are highly prevalent in older patients that are discharged from general hospitals (47% and 30%, respectively).

Aims: To develop a nutritional plan for these patients involving a triple adaptation of their traditional diet: (a) rheological adaptation (texture and viscosity) for safe deglutition, (b) nutritional adaptation (water, calories, and proteins), and (c) organoleptic adaptation to improve compliance.

Methods: Two fluid viscosities (250 and 800 mPa·s) were selected according to previous studies on optimal viscosities in older patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020425DOI Listing
February 2019

9-Methylfascaplysin Is a More Potent Aβ Aggregation Inhibitor than the Marine-Derived Alkaloid, Fascaplysin, and Produces Nanomolar Neuroprotective Effects in SH-SY5Y Cells.

Mar Drugs 2019 Feb 18;17(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

School of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

β-Amyloid (Aβ) is regarded as an important pathogenic target for Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Aβ can assemble into oligomers and fibrils, and produce neurotoxicity. Therefore, Aβ aggregation inhibitors may have anti-AD therapeutic efficacies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md17020121DOI Listing
February 2019

Physicochemical Properties and Cellular Uptake of Astaxanthin-Loaded Emulsions.

Molecules 2019 Feb 18;24(4). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Food Science, Northeast Agriculture University, Harbin 150030, China.

Astaxanthin, a natural pigment carotenoid, is well known for its potential benefits to human health. However, its applications in the food industry are limited, due to its poor water-solubility and chemical instability. Six different emulsifiers were used to prepare astaxanthin-loaded emulsions, including whey protein isolate (WPI), polymerized whey protein (PWP), WPI-lecithin, PWP-lecithin, lecithin, and Tween20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040727DOI Listing
February 2019

1,4-Dihydropyridine Antihypertensive Drugs: Recent Advances in Photostabilization Strategies.

Pharmaceutics 2019 Feb 17;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende, Italy.

The 1,4-dihydropyridine (DHP) drugs are nowadays the most used drugs in the treatment of hypertension. However, all the structures in this series present a significant sensitivity to light, leading to the complete loss of pharmacological activity. This degradation is particularly evident in aqueous solution, so much so that almost all DHP drugs on the market are formulated in solid preparations, especially tablets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics11020085DOI Listing
February 2019

The Contribution of Homocysteine Metabolism Disruption to Endothelial Dysfunction: State-of-the-Art.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 17;20(4). Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Institute for Medicines and Pharmaceutical Sciences (iMed.UL), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, 1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal.

Homocysteine (Hcy) is a sulfur-containing non-proteinogenic amino acid formed during the metabolism of the essential amino acid methionine. Hcy is considered a risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the molecular basis of these associations remains elusive. The impairment of endothelial function, a key initial event in the setting of atherosclerosis and CVD, is recurrently observed in hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20040867DOI Listing
February 2019

Diurnal Patterns of Energy Intake Derived via Principal Component Analysis and Their Relationship with Adiposity Measures in Adolescents: Results from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey RP (2008⁻2012).

Nutrients 2019 Feb 17;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Brain, Performance and Nutrition Research Centre, Northumbria University, Newcastle NE1 8ST, UK.

Mounting evidence points towards the existence of an association between energy intake in the evening and an increased prevalence and risk of being overweight and of obesity. The present study aimed to describe diurnal eating patterns (DEP) in a nationally representative sample of UK adolescents and to relate the derived DEP to anthropometrical measures. Data from four-day food records of adolescents aged 11⁻18 years participating in the 2008⁻2012 UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (NDNS RP) was utilised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020422DOI Listing
February 2019

Sprouted Grains: A Comprehensive Review.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 17;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Via Salaria 1, 63030 Monsampolo del Tronto, Italy.

In the last decade, there has been an increase in the use of sprouted grains in human diet and a parallel increase in the scientific literature dealing with their nutritional traits and phytochemical contents. This review examines the physiological and biochemical changes during the germination process, and the effects on final sprout composition in terms of macro- and micro-nutrients and bioactive compounds. The main factors affecting sprout composition are taken into consideration: genotype, environmental conditions experimented by the mother plant, germination conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020421DOI Listing
February 2019

Iron Status of Kenyan Pregnant Women after Adjusting for Inflammation Using BRINDA Regression Analysis and Other Correction Methods.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 16;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Danone Nutricia Research, route de la Vauve, 91120 Palaiseau, France.

Serum ferritin concentration is the preferred biomarker to assess population iron status in the absence of inflammation. Interpretation of this biomarker is complicated in populations with a high burden of infection, however, because inflammation increases serum ferritin concentration independently of iron status. We aimed to compare estimates of iron status of Kenyan pregnant women, with circulating ferritin concentrations adjusted for inflammation using newly proposed methods by the BRINDA project, or using previously proposed adjustment methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020420DOI Listing
February 2019

The Obemat2.0 Study: A Clinical Trial of a Motivational Intervention for Childhood Obesity Treatment.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 16;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Pediatric Nutrition and Human Development Research Unit, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, IISPV, 43201 Reus, Spain.

The primary aim of the Obemat2.0 trial was to evaluate the efficacy of a multicomponent motivational program for the treatment of childhood obesity, coordinated between primary care and hospital specialized services, compared to the usual intervention performed in primary care. This was a cluster randomized clinical trial conducted in Spain, with two intervention arms: motivational intervention group vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020419DOI Listing
February 2019

Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Practice in Elite 24-Hour Ultramarathon Runners: A Brief Report.

Sports (Basel) 2019 Feb 16;7(2). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Beirut Arab University, P.O. Box 11-5020 Riad El Solh, Beirut 11072809, Lebanon.

Several factors contribute to athletes' sporting performance and diet is a key component. Higher levels of nutritional knowledge seem to correlate with a higher quality of diet, but this remains poorly explored and findings are still not conclusive. The aim of our study was to assess nutritional knowledge and dietary adequacy, detecting any potential association between these two factors in elite 24-hour ultramarathon runners, a sport which seems to have been increasing in popularity over the last decade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/sports7020044DOI Listing
February 2019

The Association between Plasma Omega-6/Omega-3 Ratio and Anthropometric Traits Differs by Racial/Ethnic Groups and Genotypes in Healthy Young Adults.

J Pers Med 2019 Feb 16;9(1). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

School of Nutrition Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.

Evidence for a relationship between omega-6/omega-3 (n-6/n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratio and obesity in humans is inconsistent, perhaps due to differences in dietary intake or metabolism of PUFAs between different subsets of the population. Since chronic inflammation is central to obesity and inflammatory pathways are regulated by PUFAs, the objective of this study was to examine whether variants in the gene, an upstream regulator of the inflammatory response, modify the association between the n-6/n-3 ratio (from diet and plasma) and anthropometric traits in a multiethnic/multiracial population of young adults. Participants' ( = 898) dietary PUFA intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and plasma PUFA concentrations by gas chromatography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jpm9010013DOI Listing
February 2019

Analysis of Metabolite Accumulation Related to Pod Color Variation of .

Molecules 2019 Feb 16;24(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

College of Life Sciences, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Plant Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology, Hohhot 010018, China.

, a leguminous shrub widely distributed in cold and arid regions, is rich in secondary metabolites and natural active substances, with high nutritional and medical values. It is interesting that the pods of often show different colors among individual plants. In this study, 10-, 20- and 30-day-old red and green pods of were used to identify and characterize important metabolites associated with pod color. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040717DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of a Usual Serving Size of Flavanol-Rich Cocoa Powder Ingested with a Diabetic-Suitable Meal on Postprandial Cardiometabolic Parameters in Type 2 Diabetics-A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Crossover Study.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 16;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Hospitality Sciences, Hochschule Niederrhein, University of Applied Sciences, Rheydter Str. 277, 41065 Mönchengladbach, Germany.

Randomized controlled trials indicate that flavanol-rich cocoa intake may improve postprandial glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), based on studies with meals that impose a strong metabolic load. Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether flavanol-rich cocoa powder ingested as part of a diabetic-suitable meal may beneficially affect glucose, lipid metabolism, and blood pressure (BP) in patients with T2D. Twelve adults with T2D, overweight/obesity, and hypertension ingested capsules with 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020417DOI Listing
February 2019

Does Eating-Away-from-Home Increase the Risk of a Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosis?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 16;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

College of Economics and Management, China Center for Food Security Studies, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

Rising frequency of eating-away-from-home (EAFH) is suspected to be correlated with several non-communicable diseases. This study adopted the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) 2009 data to investigate the association between being diagnosed with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and EAFH at different ages. Results showed that the association between EAFH and MetS varied at different ages and differed for males and females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040575DOI Listing
February 2019

Trends in Alcohol Intake and the Association between Socio-Demographic Factors and Volume of Alcohol Intake amongst Adult Male Drinkers in China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 16;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

: The volume of alcohol intake and type of alcohol affect Chinese men's health. This study investigated changes of alcohol type between 2004 and 2011, explored the trend of change in alcohol type with age and determined the social demographic factors influencing the alcohol intake of Chinese men. : Research data originated from the public database, China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040573DOI Listing
February 2019

Isolation, Characterisation, and Lipase Production of a Cold-Adapted Bacterial Strain sp. LSK25 Isolated from Signy Island, Antarctica.

Molecules 2019 Feb 16;24(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor 43400, Malaysia.

In recent years, studies on psychrophilic lipases have been an emerging area of research in the field of enzymology. This study focuses on bacterial strains isolated from anthropogenically-influenced soil samples collected around Signy Island Research Station (South Orkney Islands, maritime Antarctic). Limited information on lipase activities from bacteria isolated from Signy station is currently available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040715DOI Listing
February 2019

Incidence and Risk Factors for Urinary Tract Infection in an Elder Home Care Population in Taiwan: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 16;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Family Medicine, MacKay Memorial Hospital No. 92, Sec. 2, Zhongshan N. Rd., Zhongshan Dist., Taipei City 104, Taiwan.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection worldwide. Numerous studies have demonstrated risk factors for UTI in facilities and communities. In this study, we aimed to identify risk factors for UTI in home care patients. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/4/566
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040566DOI Listing
February 2019
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Health Star Rating in Grain Foods-Does It Adequately Differentiate Refined and Whole Grain Foods?

Nutrients 2019 Feb 15;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Grains & Legumes Nutrition Council, North Sydney, NSW 2060, Australia.

The Australian front-of-pack labelling system, Health Star Rating (HSR), does not include whole grain (WG) in its algorithm, but uses dietary fibre (DF), despite Dietary Guidelines recommending WG over refined grain (RG) foods. This study aimed to determine how effectively HSR differentiates WG and RG foods. Product label data were collected 2017⁻18 from bread, rice, pasta, noodles, flour and breakfast cereals ( = 1127). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020415DOI Listing
February 2019

Exclusive Enteral Nutrition: Clinical Effects and Changes in Mucosal Cytokine Profile in Pediatric New Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 15;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, Karolinska University Hospital, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.

Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) is the first-line treatment in children with Crohn's disease (CD) for induction of remission. However, the mode of action remains conjectural. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of EEN is paralleled by changes in the mucosal cytokine profiles (MCP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020414DOI Listing
February 2019

The Use of Lupin as a Source of Protein in Animal Feeding: Genomic Tools and Breeding Approaches.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 15;20(4). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Industrial and Forage Crops, HAO-DEMETER, 41335 Larissa, Greece.

Livestock production in the European Union EU is highly dependent on imported soybean, exposing the livestock farming system to risks related to the global trade of soybean. Lupin species could be a realistic sustainable alternative source of protein for animal feeding. is a very diverse genus with many species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20040851DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of Packaged Foods and Beverages Carrying Nutrition Marketing against Canada's Food Guide Recommendations.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 15;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.

Canadians' food purchases consist largely of packaged processed and ultra-processed products, which typically fall outside the "core" foods recommended by Canada's Food Guide (CFG). Almost half of packaged products in Canada carry nutrition marketing (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020411DOI Listing
February 2019

Requirements of an Application to Monitor Diet, Physical Activity and Glucose Values in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The Diameter.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 15;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Internal Medicine/Nephrology, Ziekenhuisgroep Twente (ZGT), 7609 PP Almelo, The Netherlands.

Adherence to a healthy diet and regular physical activity are two important factors in sufficient type 2 diabetes mellitus management. It is recognized that the traditional treatment of outpatients does not meet the requirements for sufficient lifestyle management. It is hypothesised that a personalized diabetes management mHealth application can help. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020409DOI Listing
February 2019

Adiponectin as Link Factor between Adipose Tissue and Cancer.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 15;20(4). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Medicine and Health Sciences "V. Tiberio", University of Molise, Campobasso 86100, Italy.

Adipose tissue is a key regulator of energy balance playing an active role in lipid storage as well as in synthesizing several hormones directly involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. Obesity represents a peculiar risk factor for a growing list of cancers and is frequently associated to poor clinical outcome. The mechanism linking obesity and cancer is not completely understood, but, amongst the major players, there are both chronic low-grade inflammation and deregulation of adipokines secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20040839DOI Listing
February 2019