6,066 results match your criteria Nutrition [Journal]
Nutrition 2018 Oct 13;60:94-99. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
Research Group on Metabolism, Nutrition and Strength Training, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil; Appalachian State University, Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Caroline, USA.
Objectives: It is well established that ingestion of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO) causes metabolic alkalosis. However, there is no consensus in terms of optimal NaHCO doses leading to enhanced performance. This study aimed to determine the effects of different NaHCO doses on performance and lactate clearance in non-professional cyclists. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 12;60:106-111. Epub 2018 Oct 12.
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
Objectives: In this study we sought to investigate the effect of early enteral bovine colostrum supplementation on intestinal permeability in intensive care unit (ICU)-hospitalized patients.
Methods: A total of 70 ICU-hospitalized adult patients were randomly assigned to receive a bovine colostrum supplement or placebo according to the stratified blocked randomization by age and admission category. Plasma endotoxin and zonulin concentrations were measured on days 5 and 10 of intervention. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 5;60:100-105. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
Department of Surgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon, USA.
Strategies for providing optimal nutritional therapy have evolved over time, with the emphasis on specific directives (such as route, use of immunonutrition, high protein, organ-specific formulas, etc.), achieving variable degrees of success for improving outcomes in the intensive care unit. As the largest immune organ in the body comprising the largest interface between the host and the external environment, the gut can have an amplifying effect on a pattern of dysbiosis, immune dysregulation, and multiple organ failure seen in the critically ill patient. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 5;60:87-93. Epub 2018 Sep 5.
Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Human Sciences and Design, Japan Women's University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:
Objective: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a greater risk for osteoporosis and also influences skeletal muscle functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of vitamin D restriction on ovariectomized (OVX) rats fed a high-fat diet.
Methods: Twenty-four 13-wk-old female rats were ovariectomized, and another 6 received a sham operation (Sham). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 13;60:80-86. Epub 2018 Sep 13.
Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.
Objective: The brain is essential in regulating intake of food and beverages by balancing energy homeostasis, which is regulated by the hypothalamus, with reward perception, which is regulated by the ventral tegmental area (VTA). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ingestion of glucose, fructose, sucrose, and sucralose (a non-caloric artificial sweetener) on the magnitude and trajectory of the hypothalamic and the VTA blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) responses.
Method: In five visits, 16 healthy men between 18 to 25 y of age with a body mass index between 20 and 23 kg/m drank five interventions in a randomized order while a functional magnetic resonance imaging scan was taken. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 11;60:74-79. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Independent physiologist and nutritionist, Mapua, New Zealand. Electronic address:
Objectives: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality globally. Studies have suggested that supplementary ω-3 oils may provide cardiovascular protection, although the literature is equivocal. Recently, it has been established that many commercially available ω-3 supplements are unacceptably oxidized, leading to myriad potential health risks. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 9;60:70-73. Epub 2018 Oct 9.
Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Objective: The Veterans Health Administration is the largest integrated health care system fully funded through the US government; however, compliance with government dietary recommendations within Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals is not well known. The aim of this study was to determine which foods are available at VA hospitals and whether these foods comply with government recommendations.
Methods: Process verification for a Freedom of Information Act request was used to assess government-run inpatient and outpatient VA hospital facilities by accessing the location, quantity, and contents of vending machines. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 5;60:53-58. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
Faculty of Environmental Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan.
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of regular high-cocoa chocolate consumption on arterial stiffness and fat oxidation during light- to moderate-intensity exercise.
Methods: This randomized, controlled, parallel-group intervention study included 32 Japanese college students (mean age, 20.7 ± 0. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 7;60:35-40. Epub 2018 Oct 7.
Department of Bioscience, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
High altitudes are a challenge for human physiology and for sports enthusiasts. Several reasons lead to deterioration in performance at high altitudes. Hypoxia owing to high altitude causes a breakdown of homeostasis with imbalance in several physiological systems, including the immune system. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 24;59:188-194. Epub 2018 Aug 24.
Clinical Nutrition, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.
Since the early 1990s enteral nutrition (EN) has been considered the optimal route of feeding rather than parenteral nutrition (PN), which was considered harmful in critically ill patients with intense inflammation. The aim of this review was to summarize recent developments and progress in PN, which have changed the view on this feeding technique. PubMed and personal databases were searched for studies and reviews reporting historical development of PN, and for clinical trials conducted after 2010 investigating PN in critical illness, comparing it to EN or not. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 7;60:66-69. Epub 2018 Oct 7.
Biodynamic Department Physical Education and Sport School University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
The relevance of vitamin D to skeletal muscle metabolism has been highlighted in recent years. The interest arises from the important findings of studies demonstrating multiple effects of vitamin D on this tissue, which can be divided into genomic (direct effects) and non-genomic effects (indirect effects). Another important aspect to be considered in the study of vitamin D and muscle fiber metabolism is related to different expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR), which varies in muscle tissue depending on age, sex, and pathology. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Oct 6;60:59-65. Epub 2018 Oct 6.
Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.
Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of biological maturity on body composition in Brazilian adolescent athletes, to verify the accuracy of previous bioimpedance predictive equations for estimating fat-free mass (FFM), and to develop new predictive equations, considering sexual and skeletal maturity.
Methods: There were 318 Brazilian adolescent athletes (52% male) involved in this study. FFM was determined using single-frequency (50 kHz) bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which was used as the reference method. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 15;60:48-52. Epub 2018 Sep 15.
Palliative Care Unit, National Cancer Institute José Alencar Gomes da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between sarcopenia, diagnosed by different muscle mass measurement techniques, with nutritional status and overall survival in patients with advanced cancer under palliative care.
Aim: To investigate the association of sarcopenia, according to distinct muscle mass measurement methods, with nutritional status and overall survival (OS).
Methods: This observational and prospective study, including 334 patients, defined sarcopenia as reduced muscle mass and strength. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 19;60:41-47. Epub 2018 Sep 19.
PhD School of Applied Medical-Surgical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; CAPES Scholarship, CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasilia, Brazil.
Objective: The aims of this study were to compare body mass index (BMI) and triponderal mass index (TMI) as predictors of fat mass percentage (FM%) and to develop TMI cutoffs for screening high adiposity. Therefore, TMI- and BMI-based references against FM% criterion for indicating adiposity in Italian children and adolescents were compared.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the University of Rome Tor Vergata, Human Nutrition Unit, from 2008 to 2015. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 19;60:30-34. Epub 2018 Sep 19.
Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research and National University Health System, Singapore; Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:
Objectives: Differential distribution of fats can vary among ethnic groups and thus have varying effects on metabolic risk. Measuring metabolic risk of individuals using simple anthropometric measurements is essential to replace current invasive methods of obtaining blood samples. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) has been advocated as the best simple anthropometric measurement, but, because of the high visceral fat of Asians, there has been speculation as to the possibility of using only waist circumference (WC) to measure metabolic risk. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 5;60:25-29. Epub 2018 Sep 5.
Institute of Molecular Pathobiochemistry, Experimental Gene Therapy and Clinical Chemistry, RWTH-University Hospital, Aachen, Germany.
Objectives: The aims of this study were to underline the interpretation of vitamin B and to evaluate whether differences in hemoglobin (Hb) levels and sex effect vitamin B results.
Methods: Simultaneously, whole blood vitamin B and complete blood count were determined in 2238 individuals. Groups were categorized on the basis of sex and Hb levels. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 7;60:6-10. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore; Department of Biochemistry Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:
Objectives: It has been demonstrated that leptin influences the energy balance by regulating appetite and increasing energy expenditure (EE). However, the relationship between circulating leptin and EE is confounded owing to variations in body composition. The aim of this study was to determine the role of circulating leptin in energy regulation and to examine whether the leptin-mediated changes in EE are associated with adiposity among healthy adults living in Singapore. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 27;60:19-24. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
Department of Physical Education, Center of Health Sciences, State University of Maringa, Maringa, Brazil; Multidisciplinary Centre of Obesity Studies, State University of Maringa, Maringa, Brazil.
Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype and associated factors in South American adolescents who are overweight.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 340 overweight adolescent boys and girls between 10 and 18 y of age. The participants were classified as MHO according to two definitions: absence of any metabolic syndrome component and absence of insulin resistance (IR). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Sep 6;60:11-18. Epub 2018 Sep 6.
Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to review the factors associated with stunting in the northern province of Rwanda by assessing anthropometric status, dietary intake, and overall complementary feeding practices.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 138 children 5 to 30 mo of age. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics of each mother and child and breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 23;60:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Center of Investigation of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medical School, Department of Endocrinology and Investigation, Hospital Clinico Universitario, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
Objectives: The role of ADIPOQ gene variants on weight loss after a dietary intervention remain unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of rs266729 of the ADIPOQ gene on cardiovascular risk factors and adiposity parameters after adherence to a Mediterranean-type hypocaloric diet.
Method: Eighty-three obese patients were studied before and after 12 wk on a Mediterranean-type hypocaloric diet. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 23;58:187-193. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA; Connecting Health Innovations, Columbia, USA.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the inflammatory potential of diet, as measured by the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and insulin resistance (IR) or metabolic syndrome (MetS).
Methods: A cross-sectional study (nested within a cohort) was conducted on 2017 adults 23 to 25 y of age in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 24;58:181-186. Epub 2018 Aug 24.
Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition Unit, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University Hospital, Naples, Italy.
Objectives: The negative effects of malnutrition on the prognosis of hospitalized patients are well documented; however, less known is the awareness and knowledge of health care professionals about this complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trend of the requests for nutritional consultation in years and the prescription of artificial nutrition (AN), for adult patients at a university hospital in southern Italy in the years 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016 to assess the progress of medical teams concerning awareness of hospital malnutrition.
Methods: This was a retrospective study that evaluated the time trend of nutritional consultation requests and related prescription of AN, for adult patients at a university hospital in southern Italy in the years 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:182-187. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary l-threonine supplementation on the growth performance, intestinal immune function, mucin synthesis, and goblet cell differentiation in weanling piglets with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).
Methods: Eighteen litters of newborn piglets were selected at birth, with one normal birthweight (NBW) and two IUGR piglets in each litter. At weaning, the NBW piglet and one of the IUGR piglets were assigned to groups fed a basal diet (i. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 20;59:180-181. Epub 2018 Aug 20.
Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of phenylalanine (phe) metabolism caused by a deficiency in the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase that converts phe into tyrosine. If left untreated, PKU results in increased phe concentrations in the blood and in the brain, which cause severe intellectual disability, epilepsy, and behavioral problems. These disorders can be prevented if a diet low in phe is introduced. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 23;58:175-180. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Applied Microbiology Research Department, Food Microbiology Research Laboratories, Division of Research and Development, Meiji Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.
Objective: Previously, we demonstrated that the administration of heat-killed OLL2712 cells suppressed chronic inflammation and improved hyperglycemia in a mouse model of obesity and diabetes. The aim of this study was to preliminarily examine the effect of OLL2712 supplementation on glucose metabolism and chronic inflammation in prediabetic subjects.
Methods: This study was a prospective, 12-wk, single-arm, open trial, followed by a 4-wk posttreatment period. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;58:167-174. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Departamento de Biologia Celular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Objective: Chia seed oil is the richest source of plant-based ω-3 fatty acid, α-linolenic acid, but its potential and mechanisms of action to treat obesity are unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of chia oil (ChOi) supplementation on body composition and insulin signaling in skeletal muscles of obese mice.
Methods: Male C57 BL/6 mice (n = 8/group) were fed regular control chow or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 135 d. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 25;59:170-179. Epub 2018 Aug 25.
Instituto de Fisiología Experimental (IFISE), Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, CONICET, UNR, Rosario, Argentina; Área Morfología, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, UNR, Rosario, Argentina. Electronic address:
Objective: Vitamin K, which is present in dairy products and has been recommended as a micronutrient supplement in humans, contains anticancer properties. Interferon (IFN)-α-2b administered during development of hepatic preneoplasia decreased both number and volume percentage of altered hepatic foci (AHF) by increasing apoptosis in the foci. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of IFN-α-2b treatment supplemented with vitamin K in the early stages of liver cancer development in rats. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 23;59:158-169. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
GSK Italy, Origgio, Varese, Italy.
Digestive health plays key role in our active daily life; but maintaining proper bowel movements, i.e., being free from constipation, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, flatulence, bloating, and abdominal pain, is complex. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 20;59:116-120. Epub 2018 Aug 20.
Department of Pediatrics, Navarra Hospital Complex, Pamplona, Spain; Navarra Institute for Health Research (IdisNA), Pamplona, Spain.
Objective: One of the main objectives in the treatment of childhood obesity is to reduce the percentage of body fat mass without negatively affecting fat-free mass (FFM) and, consequently, longitudinal growth. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes that take place in body compartments in a group of patients with obesity under combined treatment.
Methods: This was a longitudinal study with 109 children with obesity 9. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 20;59:90-95. Epub 2018 Aug 20.
Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, China; Department of Woman and Child Health Care, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:
Objective: The relationship between dietary patterns and gestational weight gain (GWG) in different pregnancy stages has rarely been reported among the Asian population. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and GWG in Chinese pregnant women.
Methods: Participants were women from the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study who completed a validated food frequency questionnaire at 24 to 27 wk gestation (N = 5733). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:83-89. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Kidney Stone Clinic, Medical-Geriatric-Rehabilitation Department, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Parma, Italy; Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.
Objectives: Urinary hippuric acid (HA) and citrate can represent useful biomarkers of fruit and vegetable (FAV) intake in nephrolithiasis. However, their clinical significance across the life span has been poorly investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the two biomarkers with FAV intake across different age groups and sexes in a large group of stone formers (SFs). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:150-157. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
Obesity is one of the most prevalent health problems worldwide. It is a complex disease that is generally accompanied by insulin resistance, increases in oxidative stress and inflammation biomarkers, and potentially, microRNA (miRNA) dysregulation. Polyphenols may act on obesity and its metabolic consequences. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:138-144. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:
Objective: The aim of ths study was to investigate the combined association of overall diet quality and physical activity (PA) on the risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults.
Methods: This cross-sectional study extracted the data on 1008 adults (384 men and 624 women) 20 to 64 y of age. Dietary quality was assessed using a recommended food score (RFS) modified for a Korean diet. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:131-137. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of PostGraduation in Health Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil; Department of Medicine, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brazil; Center for Teaching and Research and Laboratory of Echocardiography (ECOLAB) of São Lucas Foundation, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil. Electronic address:
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of the diets consumed by patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who received public and private health care.
Methods: This observational, prospective, longitudinal cohort study evaluated patients with ACS who attended three private and one public cardiology reference hospitals. Information about dietary parameters during the 6 mo before the acute ACS event was collected at admission and 180 d later using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 23;59:121-130. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
Several studies have shown the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on lipid profile. However, findings remain controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to systematically summarize the available clinical trials that examined the effects ALA supplementation on the lipid profile of adults. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:108-115. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Objective: Most studies on dietary patterns have focused on the total daily intake of foods without differentiating intake at specific eating occasions. The aim of this study was to identify meal-specific (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) dietary patterns and examine their contribution to overall dietary patterns, using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan.
Methods: Dietary intake was assessed with a 1-d weighed dietary record for 15 618 Japanese adults ≥20 y of age. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:96-102. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of Gastroenterological, Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Japan. Electronic address:
Objective: Malnutrition is common in patients with esophageal cancer, resulting in increased postoperative complications and mortality. Although preoperative immunonutrition can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative infectious complications, its effect in patietns with esophageal cancer undergoing esophagectomy remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of perioperative immunonutritional support on the postoperative course and long-term survival of this group of patients. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 22;59:77-82. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Objective: To our knowledge, there is currently no consensus in the literature on the association between dietary fatty acids and circulating levels in plasma. The aim of this study was to assess the association of the intake of fatty acids with their relative plasma concentrations.
Methods: We conducted a study with 300 adults from the population-based health survey in São Paulo city (ISA-Capital 2008). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 21;59:145-149. Epub 2018 Aug 21.
Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomic, Department of Biomedicine and prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Casa di Cura Madonna dello Scoglio, Cotronei, Italy. Electronic address:
Objective: Understanding the body composition (BC) of patients with Huntington's disease (HD) could help to delay disease progression and improve treatment efficacy. The aim of this study was to assess BC parameters, including bone mineral density (BMD), and to find new biomarkers that can be early indicators for weight loss in patients with HD.
Methods: Twenty-one age- and sex-matched patients with HD and 29 healthy controls (CT) were enrolled. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 23;59:103-107. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Obesity Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Objective: Research suggests a difference in sweet taste perception between non-Hispanic black (NHB) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) adults; however, limited research has examined sweet taste perception in relation to the dietary intake of sweet products. The aim of this study was to examine sweet taste perception and the consumption of sweet foods, beverages, and sugar in NHB and NHW adults, and to evaluate whether sweet taste perception is associated with dietary intake.
Methods: This cross-sectional study examined the association between race, sweet taste perception and sweet food, beverages, and sugar consumption in healthy, NHB and NHW adults. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Jul 24;59:69-76. Epub 2018 Jul 24.
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, First Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Objectives: Christian Orthodox fasting (COF), a periodical vegetarian subset of the Mediterranean diet, has been proven to exert beneficial effects on human health. Athonian fasting is a pescetarian COF variation, where red meat is strictly restricted throughout the year. Previous studies have examined the COF nutritional synthesis and health effects in general population fasters (GF) and Athonian monks (AM), separately. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Jul 31;59:56-68. Epub 2018 Jul 31.
Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Gelderse Vallei Hospital, Ede, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
Fish oil exerts anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties that may be beneficial for critically ill patients, thus multiple randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses have been performed. However, controversy remains as to whether fish oil-enriched enteral nutrition can improve clinical outcomes in adult critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this study was to provide an up-to-date systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials of fish oil-containing enteral nutrition addressing relevant clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 9;59:50-55. Epub 2018 Aug 9.
Division of Radiology, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Objective: Although computed tomography (CT) is frequently used to determine body composition, the effects of using different CT protocols is not well known. The aim of this study was to determine whether contrast media phase, radiation dose, and slice thickness in CT affect body composition segmentation.
Methods: Clinically indicated perfusion CTs of the upper abdomen in 20 patients (seven women) between 40 and 87 y of age with high suspicion of hepatocellular carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Jul 31;59:44-49. Epub 2018 Jul 31.
Growth and Development Laboratory, Center for Investigation in Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of different methods of resting energy expenditure (REE) data analysis using indirect calorimetry (IC) during traditional (30 min) and abbreviated (10 min) protocols.
Methods: Fifteen women and 15 men (21-34 y of age) completed two consecutive 30-min IC measurements. Body composition was measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Jul 12;59:37-43. Epub 2018 Jul 12.
Section of Sports Biomechanics, National Olympic and Paralympic Academy of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
Objectives: Soccer-induced muscle damage and inflammation lead to a reduction in athletic performance. The aim of this study was to determine whether supplementation with cholecalciferol would reduce inflammation and muscle damage in soccer players after a simulated soccer match.
Methods: Twenty-two soccer players (median age 27 y, interquartile range 5 y) were divided randomly into two groups, as follows: a cholecalciferol group (n = 11) and a placebo group (n = 11). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 3;58:156-166. Epub 2018 Aug 3.
Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy; Centro Ricerca Metabolismi, San Donato Milanese, Italy. Electronic address:
Objectives: The intestinal cell function can be modulated by the type and quantity of nutrients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an excess of nutrients on intestinal morphofunctional features and a possible association of inflammation in a 70/30 Caco2/HT-29 intestinal in vitro co-culture.
Methods: An excess of nutrients (EX) was obtained by progressively increasing the medium change frequency with respect to standard cell growth conditions (ST) from confluence (T0) to 15 d after confluence (T15). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 24;59:7-13. Epub 2018 Aug 24.
Nephrology Division, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Objective: The biological basis of abdominal obesity leading to more severe outcomes in patients with normal body mass index (BMI) on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the properties of abdominal obesity in different BMI categories of patients on MHD.
Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of 188 MHD patients (52. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Aug 7;59:29-36. Epub 2018 Aug 7.
Department of Anesthesiology and Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:
Recent medical history has largely viewed our bacterial symbionts as pathogens to be eradicated rather than as essential partners in optimal health. However, one of the most exciting scientific advances in recent years has been the realization that commensal microorganisms (our microbiome) play vital roles in human physiology in nutrition, vitamin synthesis, drug metabolism, protection against infection, and recovery from illness. Recent data show that loss of "health-promoting" microbes and overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria (dysbiosis) in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) appears to contribute to nosocomial infections, sepsis, and poor outcomes. Read More
Nutrition 2018 Jul 12;59:21-28. Epub 2018 Jul 12.
Department of Neurosurgery, The First People's Hospital of Zhangjiagang City, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:
Objectives: Reports on the association between coffee or tea consumption and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) risk are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine if an association exists between consumption of coffee or tea and the risk for SAH.
Methods: A random-effects model was used to estimate the summary relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Read More
Nutrition 2018 Jul 12;59:14-20. Epub 2018 Jul 12.
Department of Intensive Care, CUB-Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:
The aim of this review is to summarize recent developments on the mechanisms involved in stress hyperglycemia associated with critical illness. Different aspects of the consequences of stress hyperglycemia as well as the therapeutic approaches tested so far are discussed: the physiological regulations of blood glucose, the mechanisms underlying stress hyperglycemia, the clinical associations, and the results of the prospective trials and meta-analyses to be taken into consideration when interpreting the available data. Current recommendations, challenges, and technological hopes for the future are be discussed. Read More