6,114 results match your criteria Nutrition [Journal]


Vitamin D in the ICU: More sun for critically ill adult patients?

Nutrition 2018 Nov 16;61:173-178. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, UDELAR, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Critical illness in patients is characterized by systemic inflammation and oxidative stress. Vitamin D has a myriad of biological functions relevant to this population, including immunomodulation by the alteration of cytokine production and nuclear factor loop amplification. Low serum levels have consistently been found in observational studies conducted on critically ill patients, but the causality with mortality and worse outcomes has not been confirmed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.001DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Relationship of fruit and vegetable intake to dietary antioxidant capacity and markers of oxidative stress: A sex-related study.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 24;61:164-172. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Clinical Experimental Science and Odontostomatology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy; Research Center of Health Education and Health Promotion, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy. Electronic address:

Objectives: Oxidative stress contributes to the development of chronic diseases. Fruits and vegetables contain several phytonutrients (carotenoids, polyphenols) that exert antioxidant effects. The aim of this study was to investigate sex differences in fruit and vegetable intake, and the relationship to plasma levels of carotenoids as well as to total antioxidant capacity (pTAC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.034DOI Listing
November 2018

Probiotic use is common in constipation, but only a minority of general and specialist doctors recommend them and consider there to be an evidence base.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 23;61:157-163. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

King's College London, Department of Nutritional Sciences, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the use and perceived effectiveness of probiotics by the general population (with or without self-reported constipation), and their recommendation and perceived effectiveness by general practitioners (GPs) and gastroenterology specialists.

Methods: A cross-sectional, primarily online, survey was undertaken. Responses were compared between groups using χ tests, and logistic regression was employed to identify predictors of probiotic use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.013DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Nutrients, immune system, and exercise: Where will it take us?

Nutrition 2018 Oct 14;61:151-156. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

The immune system plays a key role in controlling infections, repairing injuries, and restoring homeostasis. Immune cells are bioenergetically expensive during activation, which requires a tightly regulated control of the metabolic pathways, which is mostly regulated by two cellular energy sensors: Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin. The activation and inhibition of this pathways can change cell subtype differentiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.019DOI Listing
October 2018

Correlation between DXA and laboratory parameters in normal weight, overweight, and obese patients.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 24;61:143-150. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to review the existence and types of correlations between body composition densitometric parameters and laboratory values associated to cardiometabolic risk.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 316 individuals in the weight range from normality to super-obesity, submitted to total body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans and routine biochemistry at S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital from June 2010 to March 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.023DOI Listing
October 2018

Effects of prebiotics on immunologic indicators and intestinal microbiota structure in perioperative colorectal cancer patients.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 29;61:132-142. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Ningxia Key Laboratory of Clinical and Pathogenic Microbiology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of prebiotics (containing fructooligosaccharides, xylooligosaccharides, polydextrose, and resistant dextrin) intake on immune function and intestinal microbiota structure in perioperative patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).

Methods: A randomized, double-blind, no-treatment parallel control clinical trial involving 140 perioperative patients (90 men and 50 women, aged 40-75 y) with CRC was performed. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: an intervention group (prebiotic group, n = 70) that received prebiotic supplementation of 30 g/d for 7 d, and a control group (non-prebiotic group, n = 70) that received no prebiotic supplementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.038DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Effects of ω-3 supplementation on the nutritional status, immune, and inflammatory profiles of gastric cancer patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 24;61:125-131. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Nutrition and Dietetic Service, Hospital de Câncer I, Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Nutrition Institute, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to study the effect of ω-3 supplementation on the nutritional status and the immune and inflammatory profiles of patients with gastric cancer during antineoplastic pretreatment.

Methods: This was a randomized, open, controlled longitudinal study with intervention in outpatient patients with gastric cancer. Sixty-eight patients were randomized into two groups and received either a formula enriched with ω-3 (intervention group [IG]) or standard formula without ω-3 (control group) for 30 d consecutively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.014DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

No association between fruits or vegetables and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in middle-aged men and women.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 23;61:119-124. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, Japan; The Institute for Human Life Innovation, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: It has been hypothesized that fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD). However, some studies have speculated that fruit intake might be positively associated with NAFLD owing to the fructose content of the fruit. This might cause consumers to hesitate consuming fruit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.016DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Sarcopenia is associated with worse recovery of physical function and dysphagia and a lower rate of home discharge in Japanese hospitalized adults undergoing convalescent rehabilitation.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 22;61:111-118. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Kumamoto Rehabilitation Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of sarcopenia on functional outcomes, including activities of daily living (ADLs); dysphagia status; and the rate of home discharge, among hospitalized adults receiving convalescent rehabilitation.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with 898 patients newly admitted to in-hospital convalescent rehabilitation wards at a single rehabilitation hospital in Japan. Baseline sarcopenia was diagnosed using muscle mass index and handgrip strength according to the criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, with the cutoff values of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.005DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Creatine supplementation can improve impact control in high-intensity interval training.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 9;61:99-104. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Laboratory of Biomechanics, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on biomechanical parameters related to shock attenuation during a session of high-intensity interval training (HIIT).

Methods: A single-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover design was adopted to test eight male elite soccer players during HIIT sessions under two conditions: after placebo supplementation and after Cr supplementation. HIIT test sessions consisted of an intermittent test (five bouts of running) with a constant load applied until exhaustion was reached. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.020DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Dietary patterns and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in a Greek case-control study.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 29;61:105-110. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Objective: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that posteriori-derived dietary patterns of a Greek sample are associated with the odds for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and common NAFLD-related biomarkers.

Methods: We recruited 351 individuals (134 NAFLD patients, 217 controls). NAFLD was diagnosed with abdominal ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.032DOI Listing
October 2018
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Assessment of muscle mass depletion in chronic liver disease; dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry compared with computed tomography.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 14;61:93-98. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to perform intermethod comparisons between the following three measures of muscle mass depletion in patients eligible for liver transplantation: 1) fat-free mass index (FFMI) measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), 2) appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) measured by DXA, and 3) skeletal muscle index (SMI) measured at the third lumbar level by computed tomography (CT).

Methods: The medical records of patients who received liver transplants between 2009 and 2012 at Karolinska University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Adult patients with a chronic liver disease who had both DXA and CT scans performed within a 30-d period during their pretransplant workup were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.031DOI Listing
November 2018
2.926 Impact Factor

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 5;61:84-92. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, UDELAR, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Objective: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by an acute inflammatory response in the lung parenchyma leading to severe hypoxemia. Because of its anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) have been administered to ARDS patients, mostly by the enteral route, as immune-enhancing diets with eicosapentaenoic acid, γ-linolenic acid, and antioxidants. However, clinical benefits of ω-3 PUFAs in ARDS patients remain unclear because clinical trials have found conflicting results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.026DOI Listing
November 2018
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Effects of seafood consumption and toenail mercury and selenium levels on cognitive function among American adults: 25 y of follow up.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 24;61:77-83. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health-Bloomington, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between seafood and intake of long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCω-3 PUFA) and cognitive function and to explore the possible effect modifications owing to mercury (Hg) and selenium (Se) levels.

Methods: Participants (N = 3231) from the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study underwent baseline examination and were reexamined in eight follow-up visits. Diet was assessed at baseline and in exam years 7 and 20. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183105
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.002DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Smoking status affects bioimpedance-derived phase angle in men but not in women: The Pró-Saúde Study, Brazil.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 27;61:70-76. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Postgraduate Program in Food, Nutrition and Health, Nutrition Institute, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Department of Basic and Experimental Nutrition - Nutrition Institute - State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: Phase angle (PhA) is determined by bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and it is interpreted as an index of cell membrane integrity. Smokers are susceptible to systemic oxidative stress and often adopt unhealthy habits, which may contribute to cellular damage. This unfavorable conjuncture may result in lower PhA in smokers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.029DOI Listing
October 2018

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in an adolescent with Prader-Willi syndrome: psychosocial implications.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 7;61:67-69. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Bariatric Surgery Team, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Pavia, Italy; Unit of General Surgery 2, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex genetic disorder and represents the most common genetic cause of life-threatening obesity in childhood and adolescence. The indication for bariatric surgery in children and adolescents with syndromic obesity is still controversial. This case report deals with the preoperative medical and psychosocial evaluation of a 16-y-old male adolescent with PWS who underwent sleeve gastrectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.033DOI Listing
November 2018
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Impact of sarcopenia on clinical outcomes after radical gastrectomy for patients without nutritional risk.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 24;61:61-66. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, Shanghai, China; Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients without nutritional risk and the association between sarcopenia and postoperative outcomes after radical gastrectomy in these patients.

Method: We conducted a study of non-nutritional risk patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy from August 2014 to December 2017 in two centers. Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) was used to evaluate the nutritional risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.025DOI Listing
October 2018

Bioimpedance vector analysis predicts hospital length of stay in acute heart failure.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 2;61:56-60. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Cardiology Department, Hospital of Chioggia, Chioggia (Venezia), Italy.

Objective: Congestion in acute heart failure (AHF) affects survival curves and hospital length of stay (LOS). The evaluation of congestion, however, is not totally objective. The aim of this study was to verify the accuracy of bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in predicting the LOS in AHF patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.028DOI Listing
November 2018
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Dietary habits and adherence to dietary recommendations in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes compared with the general population in Denmark.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 26;61:49-55. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark; Department of Medicine, Randers Regional Hospital, Denmark.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to examine dietary habits and adherence to dietary recommendations in adult patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with the general population in Denmark.

Methods: The study was cross-sectional and included 426 patients with T1D and 348 patients with T2D recruited from an outpatient diabetes clinic in the capital region of Denmark. Dietary habits were assessed by a food frequency questionnaire and compared with dietary data from 2,899 participants without diabetes from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.021DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Neuropeptides in the microbiota-brain axis and feeding behavior in autism spectrum disorder.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 27;61:43-48. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

A combination of altered social and feeding behaviors is common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Nevertheless, it has been established that several specific neuropeptides are critically involved in the regulation of both feeding and social behavior, such as α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and oxytocin, respectively. Moreover, recent data implicated gut microbiota in regulation of host feeding and emotion and revealed its dysbiosis in ASD, suggesting a mechanistic role of altered microbiota-brain axis in ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.030DOI Listing
October 2018

Association of pulse wave velocity with body fat measures at 30 y of age.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 2;61:38-42. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil; Postgraduate Program in Health and Behavior, Catholic University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Objectives: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an early marker of arterial stiffness and a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Body fat measures, such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and visceral fat, have been associated with CVD in adulthood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of PWV at 30 y of age using body fat measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.037DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Dietary inflammatory index and parameters of diet quality in normal weight and obese patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 19;61:32-37. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: Better nutritional reserves are proposed as a mechanism for the protective role of obesity in hemodialysis. Little is known about the quality of diet as a major contributor to nutritional status, specifically body mass index and obesity. The aim of this study was to assess dietary inflammatory index (DII®) score and other parameters of diet in normal-weight and obese patients undergoing hemodialysis to understand whether there is a benefit for obese patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.036DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Relationship between saturated fatty acid intake and hypertension and oxidative stress.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 26;61:8-15. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Japan.

Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake and hypertension and oxidative stress.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among the residents of Shika town, a rural area in Japan, using health examination data received between March 2014 and January 2016. Dietary intake was measured using a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.020DOI Listing
October 2018
2.926 Impact Factor

Australian patients with coronary heart disease achieve high adherence to 6-month Mediterranean diet intervention: preliminary results of the AUSMED Heart Trial.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 3;61:21-31. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Rehabilitation, Nutrition and Sport, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: It is unclear whether the cardioprotective Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) can be adhered to in non-Mediterranean populations. The aim of this study was to report preliminary results on adherence to a 6-mo ad libitum MedDiet intervention in multiethnic Australian patients with coronary heart disease, including maintenance at 12 mo.

Methods: Participants (62 ± 9 y of age, 83% men) were randomized to the MedDiet (n = 34) or a low-fat diet (n = 31). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.027DOI Listing
November 2018

Hypometabolism as a potential risk factor for overweight and obesity in liver recipients.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 24;61:16-20. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Immunometabolism, Department of Nutrition, Nursing School, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of the present study was to identify whether overweight liver recipients are hypometabolic.

Methods: Liver transplantation (LT) recipients (n = 20), who were 18 to 65 y of age, had a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m, and were 1 to 3 y post-transplant. They were matched with healthy controls in terms of sex, age, BMI, and body composition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.019DOI Listing
October 2018

Raw orange intake is associated with higher prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in an adult population.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 18;60:252-260. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Nutritional Epidemiology Institute and School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; Health Management Centre, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common public health issues worldwide. Oranges are the most popular fruit consumed in the world. Admittedly, flavonoids in oranges act as antioxidants and improve liver steatosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.033DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Effects of dietary sports supplements on metabolite accumulation, vasodilation and cellular swelling in relation to muscle hypertrophy: A focus on "secondary" physiological determinants.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 10;60:241-251. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Federal University of Maranhão UFMA, Department of Physical Education, São Luis, Maranhão, Brazil; Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology of Skeletal Muscle LABCEMME, São Luis, Maranhão, Brazil. Electronic address:

Increased blood flow via vasodilation, metabolite production, and venous pooling contribute to the hyperemia and cellular swelling experienced during resistance training. It has been suggested that these effects play a role in hypertrophic adaptations. Over the past 2 decades, sport supplement products have been marketed to promote exercise hyperemia and intracellular fluid storage, thereby enhancing hypertrophy via acute swelling of myocytes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.011DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Low vitamin D at ICU admission is associated with cancer, infections, acute respiratory insufficiency, and liver failure.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 24;60:235-240. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Clinical and Sports Nutrition Research Laboratory, Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Goias, Goiânia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with comorbidities and poor prognosis. However, this association in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) within the first 48 h after ICU admission are associated with prognostic indicators (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation [APACHE] II, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment [SOFA] score, Charlson comorbidity index [CCI]), clinical complications, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations, mechanical ventilation duration, and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.018DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Association of Healthy Eating Index and oxidative stress in adolescent volleyball athletes and non-athletes.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 25;60:230-234. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Nutrition, Medical School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Postgraduate Program in Feeding, Nutrition and Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Food and Nutrition Research Center, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the relationship between the Healthy Eating Index and oxidative stress parameters in adolescent athletes and non-athletes.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 18 adolescent male and female volleyball athletes who were paired with 15 adolescent non-athletes. Body fat percentage, food intake, free radical production, antioxidant enzyme activity, and thiol and protein damage were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.017DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Body composition measurement by air displacement plethysmography in pregnancy: Comparison of predicted versus measured thoracic gas volume.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 19;60:227-229. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

University of Turku, Institute of Biomedicine, Turku, Finland.

Objectives: Body composition measurements with air displacement plethysmography (ADP) define body volume, which must be corrected for thoracic gas volume (TGV). We hypothesized that physiologic changes owing to pregnancy could affect the accuracy of predicted TGV and introduce errors into body composition measurements.

Methods: We investigated the effect of measuring versus predicting TGV on the accuracy of body composition calculations measured with ADP in overweight and obese pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.035DOI Listing

β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) improves mitochondrial function in myocytes through pathways involving PPARβ/δ and CDK4.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 23;60:217-226. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutritional Physiology and Metabolic Process; Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Hunan Provincial Engineering Research Center for Healthy Livestock and Poultry Production; Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in South-Central, Ministry of Agriculture, Changsha, China; Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanic Functional Ingredients; Hunan Co-Innovation Center of Animal Production Safety, CICAPS, Changsha, China.

Objectives: Mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle has emerged as key to the development of obesity and its related metabolic disorders. Leucine (Leu) is an essential amino acid that has been reported to increase mitochondrial biogenesis in muscle cells, as has its metabolite β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB). However, two questions-which one is more potent and what is the cellular mechanisms of the action of Leu and HMB-remain to be answered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.032DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
2.926 Impact Factor

Running performance in a timed city run and body composition: A cross-sectional study in more than 3000 runners.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 24;61:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Clinical Nutrition, Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objective: The importance of body composition for running performance is unclear in the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether body composition influences running speed and whether it is a better predictor of running speed than body mass index (BMI).

Methods: The study included 1353 women (38. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183103
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.022DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Outcome of kidney function in adults on long-term home parenteral nutrition for chronic intestinal failure.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 11;60:212-216. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Center for Chronic Intestinal Failure, St Orsola Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate kidney function outcome in adults on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for chronic intestinal failure using the newly recommended equations for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) assessment in clinical practice.

Methods: This was an observational study with 72 patients. Clinical and biochemical parameters were collected at initiation of HPN (retrospective baseline [BL]), at inclusion in the study (cross-sectional [CS]), and at the end of a 30-mo prospective follow-up (Fup). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.005DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Effect of home enteral nutrition after pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 10;60:206-211. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Hepato-Pancreatico-Biliary Surgery Division, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: Providing home enteral nutrition (HEN) might prevent further deterioration of nutritional status and reduce complication risk after very invasive abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of HEN after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).

Methods: Between January 2013 and July 2016, 150 consecutive patients underwent PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.007DOI Listing

High-fat, high-protein, and high-carbohydrate diets affect sphingolipid profile in pancreatic steatosis in Wistar rats.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 11;60:197-205. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland. Electronic address:

Objectives: Imbalanced diets (e.g., excessive protein, fat, and carbohydrates) may contribute to numerous disorders, such as steatosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.006DOI Listing

Dietary patterns during pregnancy derived by reduced-rank regression and their association with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 10;60:191-196. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirao Preto Medical School (FMRP), University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Graduate Program in Community Health, Ribeirao Preto Medical School (FMRP), University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: Evidence for the combined association of the quality of dietary carbohydrates and fats during pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is scarce. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns during pregnancy, derived by the reduced-rank regression (RRR) model, associated with fiber density (g/1000 kcal) and the Thrombogenicity Index (TI) and to investigate their relationship with GDM.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 785 pregnant women at gestational weeks 24 to 39. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.008DOI Listing
April 2019
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Vitamin C for the critically ill: Is the evidence strong enough?

Nutrition 2019 Apr 22;60:185-190. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sherbrooke University Hospital, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.

Vitamin C exhibits interesting properties in the context of critical illness, with benefits described in neurologic, cardiovascular, renal, and hematologic systems, both in in vitro and in animal models. Through direct effects on bacterial replication, immunomodulation, and antioxidant reserve of the organism, vitamin C directly affects the pathophysiological process of sepsis, trauma, burn, and systemic inflammation. Even if several observational trials have linked vitamin C deficiency to worse outcomes, the evidence is not such as to provide us with a distinction between causality effects or simple epiphenomenon, and the current focus is on interventional trials. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.009DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Probiotics improve gut microbiota dysbiosis in obese mice fed a high-fat or high-sucrose diet.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 10;60:175-184. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of General Surgery, Shanghai 10th People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China; Research Institute of Intestinal Diseases, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Gut microbiota plays a crucial role in host energy homeostasis, which is affected by both high-fat diets (HFDs) and high-sucrose diets (HCDs). Probiotics treatment can effectively modulate intestinal microbiota. However, it remains unclear whether probiotics can effectively improve HFD- and HCD-induced microbiota dysbiosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.002DOI Listing

Independent and combined effects of handgrip strength and adherence to a Mediterranean diet on blood pressure in Chilean children.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 18;60:170-174. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Centro de Estudios en Medición de la Actividad Física (CEMA), Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, D.C, Colombia.

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the combined associations between handgrip strength (HGS) and adherence to a Mediterranean diet with blood pressure (BP) in Chilean children.

Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 1140 children (794 boys and 346 girls) 8 to 12 y of age. HGS was measured using a hand dynamometer with an adjustable grip. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.08.019DOI Listing

Protein malnutrition impairs the immune control of Trichinella spiralis infection.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 24;60:161-169. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Departamento de Microbiología, Inmunología, Biotecnología y Genética, Cátedra de Inmunología, IDEHU-CONICET, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Objectives: We aimed to analyze the effect of a protein-deficient diet on mucosal and systemic immunity during a Trichinella spiralis infection.

Methods: Two groups of weaning Wistar rats received a protein-deficient diet (6.5% casein) and the other two groups received a control diet (20% casein). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.024DOI Listing

Probiotics and sports: A new magic bullet?

Nutrition 2019 Apr 22;60:152-160. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism Applied to Motor Activity, School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The use of probiotics in sports has been growing in the past years focusing on the attenuation of upper respiratory tract (URS) and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms commonly present in endurance athletes. Researches shown different results and this may related to the probiotic strain, dose, period consumption or even the form of administration (capsules, sachets or fermented milk). These four factors directly influence in the probiotic's outcome and this question still remains unclear. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.023DOI Listing
April 2019
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A new clinical perspective: Treating obesity with nutritional coaching versus energy-restricted diets.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 6;60:147-151. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Biodynamic Department of Physical Education and Sport School University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Although current guidelines for obesity treatment endorse lifestyle modifications to achieve weight loss, energy-restricted diets are still the most commonly used method for the management of overweight. Diet restriction, however, not only is ineffective in promoting long-term weight loss but also may have more costs than benefits, predisposing the individual to fat regain. Several physiological and psychological mechanisms protect the body against starvation and explain how food restriction can promote paradoxically the opposite of what it is planned to achieve, triggering changes in energy metabolism, endocrine function and, thus, body composition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.027DOI Listing
April 2019
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Carbohydrate restriction: Friend or foe of resistance-based exercise performance?

Nutrition 2019 Apr 6;60:136-146. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil; Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology of Skeletal Muscle (LABCEMME), São Luís, Brazil.

It is commonly accepted that adequate carbohydrate availability is necessary for optimal endurance performance. However, for strength- and physique-based athletes, sports nutrition research and recommendations have focused on protein ingestion, with far less attention given to carbohydrates. Varying resistance exercise protocols, such as differences in intensity, volume, and intraset rest prescriptions between strength-training and physique-training goals elicit different metabolic responses, which may necessitate different carbohydrate needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.026DOI Listing
April 2019
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Fresh fruit intake in pregnancy and association with gestational diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 24;60:129-135. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, MOE Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Objective: Fresh fruit intake has been found to be associated with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the evidence is limited and the findings are inconsistent. We aimed to assess the association of fresh fruit intake by fruit subgroups based on their glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values and GDM incidence in Chinese pregnant women.

Methods: We included 3300 eligible women from the Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.022DOI Listing
April 2019
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2.926 Impact Factor

Long-term ketone body therapy of severe multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency: A case report.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 22;60:122-128. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

University Hospital Muenster, Department of Pediatrics, Muenster, Germany.

Objectives: Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is the most severe disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation. Treatment of this disorder is difficult because the functional loss of the electron transfer flavoprotein makes energy supply from fatty acids impossible. Acetyl-CoA, provided by exogenous ketone bodies such as NaßHB, is the only treatment option in severe cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.014DOI Listing
April 2019
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The ketogenic diet as a potential treatment and prevention strategy for Alzheimer's disease.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 10;60:118-121. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease, a chronic neurodegenerative condition, is increasing as is the need for effective treatments and preventions. The underlying pathology of Alzheimer's is not yet fully understood, so existing research has focused on understanding the prominent features of the disease. These include amyloid plaques, which accumulate in the brains of those with Alzheimer's disease; impaired glucose metabolism; and neuronal cell death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.003DOI Listing
April 2019
18 Reads

Cranberry juice decreases disease activity in women with rheumatoid arthritis.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 10;60:112-117. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Internal Medicine,University of Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: Studies have shown that cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) has antiinflammatory and antioxidant effects; however, to our knowledge, the effects of cranberry juice consumption have not been studied in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to verify the effect of cranberry juice consumption on several inflammatory biomarkers and on the disease activity of patients with RA.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted with 41 women diagnosed with RA. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183038
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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Plasma and erythrocyte ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids are associated with multiple inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in breast cancer.

Nutrition 2019 Feb 21;58:194-200. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Nutrition Department, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the association of plasma and erythrocyte ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids with multiple oxidative stress biomarkers in breast cancer patients.

Methods: Ninety-five women with recently diagnosed breast cancer and no previous treatment were selected for this study. The socioeconomic, clinical, and demographic profile of the patients was determined using a structured questionnaire and medical records. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183092
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.07.115DOI Listing
February 2019
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High doses of sodium bicarbonate increase lactate levels and delay exhaustion in a cycling performance test.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 13;60:94-99. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Research Group on Metabolism, Nutrition and Strength Training, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil; Appalachian State University, Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Caroline, USA.

Objectives: It is well established that ingestion of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO) causes metabolic alkalosis. However, there is no consensus in terms of optimal NaHCO doses leading to enhanced performance. This study aimed to determine the effects of different NaHCO doses on performance and lactate clearance in non-professional cyclists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.09.018DOI Listing
April 2019
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Effects of early enteral bovine colostrum supplementation on intestinal permeability in critically ill patients: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Nutrition 2019 Apr 12;60:106-111. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: In this study we sought to investigate the effect of early enteral bovine colostrum supplementation on intestinal permeability in intensive care unit (ICU)-hospitalized patients.

Methods: A total of 70 ICU-hospitalized adult patients were randomly assigned to receive a bovine colostrum supplement or placebo according to the stratified blocked randomization by age and admission category. Plasma endotoxin and zonulin concentrations were measured on days 5 and 10 of intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.013DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
2.926 Impact Factor