6,179 results match your criteria Nutrition [Journal]


Dietary inflammatory index is positively associated with serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in a Korean adult population.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 23;63-64:155-161. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA; Connecting Health Innovations LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

Objective: To our knowledge, only a few studies have explored the relationship between the inflammatory potential of diet and serum inflammatory markers in Korean adults. The likely novel aim of this study was to examine the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in a Korean adult population.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the data set from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.016DOI Listing
November 2018

Efficacy of vitamin D supplementation according to vitamin D-binding protein polymorphisms.

Nutrition 2019 Feb 19;63-64:148-154. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Chair for Biomarkers of Chronic Diseases, Biochemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) gene polymorphisms in vitamin D metabolites before and after vitamin D supplementation.

Methods: In all, 234 participants (126 women; 108 men) with vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D <50 nmol/L] were given 50 000 IU of vitamin D supplements for 8 wk followed by daily maintenance of 1000 IU for 4 mo. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs4588 and rs7041) in DBP coding gene were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
2.926 Impact Factor

Intestinal failure-associated liver disease in patients with short bowel syndrome: Evaluation by transient elastography.

Nutrition 2019 Feb 13;63-64:134-140. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Medizinische Klinik 1, Universitätsklinikum, Frankfurt, Germany.

Objective: Patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) receiving long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) are at risk for intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate dynamic changes of liver fibrosis and steatosis within 12 mo by transient elastography (TE), including controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) in a cohort of patients with SBS receiving long-term PN.

Methods: Twenty-five adult patients with SBS and PN requirement for ≥3 mo consecutively were included and prospectively followed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Metformin treatment affects adipocytokine secretion and lipid composition in adipose tissues of diet-induced insulin-resistant rats.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 30;63-64:126-133. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Physiology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland. Electronic address:

Objectives: Adipose tissue plays a central role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes. However, the molecular changes that promote these diseases are not completely understood. Several studies demonstrated that ceramide (Cer) and diacylglycerol (DAG) accumulation in muscle is associated with IR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.019DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of vitamin deficiencies in an apparently healthy urban adult population: Assessed by subclinical status and dietary intakes.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 28;63-64:106-113. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Biochemistry, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, India. Electronic address:

Objectives: Studies in children and pregnant women consistently showed pandemic proportions of micronutrient deficiencies in the Indian subcontinent. However, vitamin deficiencies in apparently healthy adults are seldom recognized, hence the aim of this exploratory study was to assess their subclinical vitamin status and dietary intakes.

Methods: In all, 270 apparently healthy urban adults 30 to 70 y of age, from Hyderabad city, India participated in this study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.017DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Obesity attenuates serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D response to cholecalciferol therapy in critically ill patients.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 30;63-64:120-125. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

Objectives: The presence of obesity may confound cholecalciferol dosing in vitamin D-deficient patients owing to potentially decreased bioavailability. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate cholecalciferol therapy in vitamin D-deficient, critically ill trauma patients with and without obesity.

Methods: Adult patients with severe traumatic injuries who had a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH vit D) <50nmol/L were prescribed 10 000 IU of liquid cholecalciferol daily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A new oxidative stress indicator: Effect of 5-hydroxytryptophan on thiol-disulfide homeostasis in exercise.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 30;63-64:114-119. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Yasar Dogu Sports Sciences, Samsun, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between exercise and both 5-hydroxytryptophan and oxidative stress using thiol-disulfide homeostasis via what is likely a novel biomarker.

Methods: Male albino Wistar rats (n = 32) were randomly divided into four groups as follows: control, exercise group, 5-hydroxytryptophan group (5H), and 5-HTP + exercise group (5Hex). Exercise and 5-HTP administration (25mg/kg per d) were performed 5d/wk for 10 wk. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Author's response re. "Changes in lipid metabolism in pediatric patients with severe sepsis and septic shock".

Nutrition 2019 Jun 12;62:209. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Pediatric Critical Care Unit, Instituto da Criança da Faculdade de Medicina, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.012DOI Listing
June 2019
4 Reads

Re. "Amino acid profile after oral nutritional supplementation in hemodialysis patients with protein-energy wasting".

Nutrition 2019 Jun 24;62:211-212. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Territorial Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, ASSL Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.024DOI Listing
June 2019
6 Reads

Dietary inflammatory index and odds of coronary artery disease in a case-control study from Jordan.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 25;63-64:98-105. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between inflammatory potential diet as determined by dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores and coronary artery disease (CAD) in a population-based, case-control study of middle-aged Jordanian adults.

Methods: In the present study, 388 patients who were referred for elective coronary angiography at Prince Hamza Hospital, Amman, were enrolled. Of these, 198 were confirmed CAD cases and 190 were CAD-free control participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.027DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The association of dietary carbohydrate with FTO gene expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue of adults without diabetes.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 2;63-64:92-97. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Tehran Obesity Treatment Center, Department of Surgery, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of dietary carbohydrates with fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues were gathered from 58 obese (body mass index ≥30 kg/m) and 44 non-obese (body mass index ≤18 to<30 kg/m) participants, aged ≥20 y, who had undergone elective abdominal surgery with minimal effect on dietary intake. Dietary intake was collected using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire, and daily intake of total carbohydrates, total sugar, sucrose, glucose, fructose, lactose, and maltose were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.014DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Is adductor pollicis skinfold an accurate tool when checking local muscle improvement in malnourished patients with anorexia nervosa?

Nutrition 2018 Nov 25;63-64:87-91. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Unidad de Nutrición Clínica, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, Spain.

Objectives: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a complex disease that involves malnutrition and a profound depletion in muscle mass. The thickness of the adductor pollicis muscle (APM) has been proposed as a new anthropometric technique to estimate muscle mass, check early changes, and assess its evaluation. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy and validity of the APM thickness in a cohort of malnourished patients with AN when checking local mass gain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.026DOI Listing
November 2018
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Higher serum levels of fibroblast growth factor 21 in old patients with cachexia.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 22;63-64:81-86. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Research Group on Geriatrics, Working Group Nutrition and Body Composition, Berlin, Germany; German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam - Rehbrücke, Department of Nutrition and Gerontology, Nuthetal, Germany; University of Potsdam, Institute of Nutritional Science, Nuthetal, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)21 is promptly induced by short fasting in animal models to regulate glucose and fat metabolism. Data on FGF21 in humans are inconsistent and FGF21 has not yet been investigated in old patients with cachexia, a complex syndrome characterized by inflammation and weight loss. The aim of this study was to explore the association of FGF21 with cachexia in old patients compared with their healthy counterparts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.004DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Ability of adiposity indicators to identify elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in young adults.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 24;63-64:75-80. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; Departamento de Ciências da Saúde Pública e Forenses e Educação Médica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Portugal, Porto, Portugal.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the discriminatory ability of different adiposity indicators in distinguishing subclinical inflammatory levels in individuals 21 y of age.

Methods: Data from the EPITeen (Epidemiological Health Investigation of Teenagers in Porto) population-based cohort (N = 1547) was analyzed. Body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were ascertained to assess their relationship to high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.025DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Concomitant lysine and phosphorus addition to a wheat gluten protein diet highly amplified growth measures of rats.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 30;63-64:69-74. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Objective: In humans, the effects of lysine-fortified wheat on growth measures was much lower than that of animal experimentations that used phosphorus-containing mineral mix. It is known that wheat contains a limited amount of available phosphorus, which is believed to support growth. The aim of this study was to determine the involvement of phosphorus in growth measures of rats maintained on a lysine-supplemented wheat gluten diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.009DOI Listing
November 2018

Prudent diet is associated with low sleepiness among short-haul truck drivers.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 23;63-64:61-68. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Health, Life Cycles and Society, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Brazil; Stress Research Institute, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Objectives: The lifestyle of postindustrial society has undergone major shifts characterized by changes in demographic and epidemiologic profiles, eating habits, and job structures, with irregular working hours, particularly night shifts. The investigation of dietary patterns is of great importance for the discussion and devising of effective dietary strategies for shift and night workers in general, particularly in view of the increased sleepiness reported during night work.

Objective: We aimed to determine the association between dietary patterns of Brazilian truck drivers and sleepiness levels, according to work shift. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.023DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Familial vitamin E deficiency: Multiorgan complications support the adverse role of oxidative stress.

Nutrition 2018 Dec 1;63-64:57-60. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Medicine, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

Vitamin E is an essential micronutrient with relevant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties found in plant leaves, seeds, and products derived from their processing. Familial vitamin E deficiency is a rare inherited syndrome characterized by ataxia and peripheral neuropathy with a massive decrease in plasma vitamin E (<0.5 mg/dL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.012DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The alteration of gut microbiota in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients.

Nutrition 2018 Nov 23;63-64:51-56. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Research Center of Geriatric Nutrition, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Nutrition Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objectives: Gut microbiota dysbiosis is known to be associated with diabetes; however, the findings of previous studies are conflicting. To clarify the association between type 2 diabetes and the gut microbiota, the present study analyzed the composition of fecal gut microbiota and its correlation with specific clinical parameters in newly diagnosed, treatment-naive diabetic patients and healthy controls.

Methods: A total of 50 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes and 50 healthy control participants were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.019DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Effect of combination of chlorella intake and aerobic exercise training on glycemic control in type 2 diabetic rats.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 24;63-64:45-50. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Faculty of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: Chlorella is a type of unicellular green algae that contains various nutrients. Habitual exercise and chlorella treatment can improve insulin resistance in obese or diabetic animal models. However, the additive effects of combined chlorella intake and aerobic exercise training remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Hepatoprotective effects of synbiotic soy yogurt on mice fed a high-cholesterol diet.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 24;63-64:36-44. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

School of Community Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Howrah, West Bengal, India. Electronic address:

Objectives: The role of probiotic yogurt in the prevention and treatment of hypercholesterolemia has attracted global attention. Mounting evidence has indicated that probiotics and prebiotics improve lipid metabolism by lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration in plasma of hypercholesterolemic patients. The present study aimed to develop synbiotic soy yogurt that had a greater cholesterol-lowering effect in hypercholesterolemic mice compared with control soy yogurt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019
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Antioxidant vitamin supplementation prevents oxidative stress but does not enhance performance in young football athletes.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 24;63-64:29-35. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, State University of Londrina, Londrina, PR, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to verify the effects of supplementation with antioxidants (vitamins C and E) on oxidative stress, delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), and performance in football players during a recovery period after an exercise-induced oxidative stress protocol.

Methods: Twenty-one football athletes were randomly assigned to two groups: placebo and antioxidant-supplemented. Supplementation was performed in a double-blind, controlled manner using vitamin C (500 mg/d) and E (400 UI/d) for 15 d. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019
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10-y survival in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery in Tehran Heart Center-Coronary Outcome Measurement Study: The powerful predicting ability of the dietary inflammatory index and dietary antioxidant quality.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 25;63-64:22-28. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objectives: There is a higher rate of mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Iran and the mortality rate increases even after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between mortality and survival in patients 10 y after CABG, using the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and dietary antioxidant indices.

Methods: In the current prospective cohort study, 450 patients with CVD who were referred to the Tehran Heart Center and who underwent an isolated CABG during the 6-mo period between April and September 2006 were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Dietary fatty acid intake in hemodialysis patients and associations with circulating fatty acid profiles: A cross-sectional study.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 15;63-64:14-21. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Dietetics Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; School of BioSciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taylor's University, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aims of this study were threefold: first, to assess the dietary fatty acid (FA) intake and blood FA status in Malaysian patients on hemodialysis (HD); second, to examine the association between dietary FA intakes and blood FA profiles in patients on HD; and third, to determine whether blood FAs could serve as a biomarker of dietary fat intake quality in these patients.

Methods: Using 3 d of dietary records, FA intakes of 333 recruited patients were calculated using a food database built from laboratory analyses of commonly consumed Malaysian foods. Plasma triacylglycerol (TG) and erythrocyte FAs were determined by gas chromatography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2.926 Impact Factor

Beneficial effects and potential risks of tomato consumption for human health: An overview.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 25;62:201-208. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Food Safety Research Center (salt), Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran; Institute for Research and Innovation in Health (i3S), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Tomato and its derived products have a very interesting nutritional value in addition to prominent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. Tomatoes are generally quite safe to eat. However, overall consumption varies from individual to individual. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.012DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads
2.926 Impact Factor

Nutrient patterns and their relation to anemia and iron status in 5- to 12-y-old children in South Africa.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 26;62:194-200. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Centre of Excellence for Nutrition, North-West University, South Africa; Non-Communicable Diseases Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, South Africa.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess nutrient patterns and their relation to anemia and iron status of school children using pooled data from three study populations in South Africa.

Methods: Data from 5- to 12-y-old children (N = 578) from three independent studies conducted in two provinces in South Africa were pooled. Data used in the analysis were dietary intake, hemoglobin, and plasma ferritin concentrations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.016DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

Effect of sex and race on body mass index and percent body fat in young adults.

Nutrition 2018 Oct 10;63-64:9-13. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Food Science, Nutrition, and Health Promotion, Mississippi State University, Mississippi, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.001DOI Listing
October 2018
2.926 Impact Factor

Association of intestinal permeability with a NUTRIC score in critically ill patients.

Nutrition 2019 Jan 25;63-64:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of intestinal permeability with the Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score and the modified NUTRIC score (mNUTRIC) in intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalized patients.

Methods: One hundred and fifty ICU hospitalized adult patients admitted between October 2017 and April 2018 who stayed for >24 h in the general ICU were enrolled in the study. Nutrition status was estimated using the NUTRIC score, an ICU-specific nutrition risk assessment tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019
2.926 Impact Factor

Fetal and childhood malnutrition during the Korean War and metabolic syndrome in adulthood.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 14;62:186-193. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Institute of Environmental Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea; Environmental Health Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: Koreans experienced unexpected shortages of food and refugee life during the Korean War (1950-1953). In the present study, we used the Korean War as a natural experiment for early life malnutrition with the aim of evaluating the risk for metabolic syndrome in adulthood according to participant exposure status during the Korean War.

Methods: We used data from 25 708 participants from the fourth through seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative database of Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.003DOI Listing
June 2019
2.926 Impact Factor

Clustering of sociodemographic and lifestyle factors among adults with excess weight in a multilingual country.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 12;62:177-185. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify and cluster potential sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants of excess weight (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m) in Switzerland.

Methods: Participants of the cross-sectional National Nutrition Survey menuCH (2014-2015, n = 2057) were categorized according to body mass index. Logistic regressions were conducted with sociodemographic (age, language region, education, household income, household status) and lifestyle factors (smoking, self-rated health status, physical activity, energy intake, Alternate Healthy Eating Index) to identify determinants of excess weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.001DOI Listing

Is selenium intake associated with the presence of depressive symptoms among US adults? Findings from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 21;62:169-176. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Purdue Pharma, L.P., Stamford, Connecticut, USA.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association between dietary and serum selenium measures and depressive symptoms among a nationally representative sample of US adults.

Methods: Dietary selenium intake and serum selenium concentration were evaluated on 7725 adult participants from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014. Participants' selenium intake, assessed by 24-h recall, was classified based on the recommended dietary allowance (dietary selenium intake ≥ 55 μg/d) and estimated average requirement (dietary selenium intake ≥ 45 μg/d) criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.007DOI Listing

Effects of probiotic yogurt on glycemic indexes and endothelial dysfunction markers in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 2;62:162-168. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: The relationship between gut microflora and metabolic syndrome components such as obesity, low-grade chronic systemic inflammation, dyslipidemia, and altered glucose metabolism is now acknowledged. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of probiotic yogurt on glycemic indexes and endothelial dysfunction markers in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Methods: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 44 patients with metabolic syndrome (22 men and 22 women), who were 20 to 65 y of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.011DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Breast milk: To each his own. From metabolomic study, evidence of personalized nutrition in preterm infants.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 25;62:158-161. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Objectives: The composition of milk from mothers delivering prematurely differs from that of full-term mature milk and changes over time. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that changes in milk metabolomic profile from mothers delivering prematurely persist over time when compared with mothers delivering at term.

Methods: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to analyze the metabolome pattern of human milk samples collected from 18 mothers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.015DOI Listing

Neck circumference is associated with nutritional status in elderly nursing home residents.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 28;62:153-157. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Nutrition Department of University Hospital Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS-Aragón), Zaragoza, Spain.

Objectives: Anthropometry is an easy and noninvasive method to evaluate nutritional status in institutionalized elderly people who are often bedridden. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the neck circumference (NC) and nutritional status of elderly nursing home residents and to find cutoff points for NC size to identify individuals at risk of malnutrition.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was developed with data collected from 352 elderly people living in five public nursing homes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183108
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.015DOI Listing
June 2019
6 Reads

Nutrition and exercise: Thinking outside the box.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 20;62:152. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Biodynamic Department Physical Education and Sport School University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.009DOI Listing

Hyperphagia in short bowel patients: Fat-free mass is a strong predictor.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 2;62:146-151. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Unité de nutrition clinique intensive, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France.

Objectives: Some patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) develop hyperphagic behavior. Such an increase in food intake stimulates intestinal adaptation and limits dependence on parenteral nutrition (PN). The aim of this study was to determine the factors modulating food consumption in patients with SBS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.013DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Dietary inflammatory index is associated with increased risk for prostate cancer among Vietnamese men.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 2;62:140-145. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Curtin University, Kent Street, Bentley, Perth, Western Australia 6102, Western Australia.

Objective: Inflammatory potential of diet, as measured by the dietary inflammatory index (DII), has consistently been associated with an increased risk for prostate cancer (PCa). However, data has largely been reported in populations with more proinflammatory dietary patterns, whereas there is high diversity in dietary pattern worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess the association between DII scores and the risk for PCa in Vietnam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.012DOI Listing

Influence of enhanced bioavailable curcumin on obesity-associated cardiovascular disease risk factors and arterial function: A double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 11;62:135-139. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study aimed to determine whether an enhanced bioavailable curcumin formulation, CurQfen®, would improve circulating cardiovascular disease-related blood biomarkers and arterial function in young (age 18-35 y), obese (body mass index ≥ 30.0 kg/m) men.

Methods: This double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial evaluated 22 men. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183078
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.002DOI Listing
June 2019
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Two parenteral amino acid solutions and plasma levels of amino acids in the neonate: A randomized trial.

Nutrition 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric Hospital, 21st Century National Medical Center, Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS), Mexico City, Mexico.

Objective: In neonates on total parenteral nutrition (TPN), amino acids may be a risk factor for developing total parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (TPNAC). We aimed, first, to compare methionine, cysteine, and taurine plasma levels between neonates on TPN who were receiving an intravenous amino acid solution based on a breast milk aminogram and those on an intravenous solution of pediatric amino acids based on an umbilical cord aminogram, and second, to determine the frequency of TPNAC.

Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2018

Improving oncology nurses' knowledge, self-confidence, and self-efficacy in nutritional assessment and counseling for patients with cancer: A quasi-experimental design.

Authors:
Loai Abu Sharour

Nutrition 2019 Jun 12;62:131-134. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Faculty of Nursing, AL-Zaytoonah University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan. Electronic address:

Objective: Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a structured educational program on improving oncology nurses' knowledge, self-confidence, and self-efficacy in nutritional assessment and counseling for patients with cancer.

Methods: A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was used. A sample of 60 nurses from oncology units participated as an experimental group (n = 30) and a control group (n = 30). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.004DOI Listing
June 2019
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Continuous feeding of a combined high-fat and high-sucrose diet, rather than an individual high-fat or high-sucrose diet, rapidly enhances the glucagon-like peptide-1 secretory response to meal ingestion in diet-induced obese rats.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 11;62:122-130. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Objectives: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is secreted by enteroendocrine L-cells in response to nutrient ingestion. To date, GLP-1 secretion in diet-induced obesity is not well characterized. We aimed to examine GLP-1 secretion in response to meal ingestion during the progression of diet-induced obesity and determinewhether a combined high-fat and high-sucrose (HFS) diet, an individual high-fat (HiFat), or a high-sucrose (HiSuc) diet affect adaptive changes in the postprandial GLP-1 response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.004DOI Listing

What are the best indicators to assess malnutrition in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients? A cross-sectional study in a referral center.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 19;62:115-121. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Unité de Nutrition, CHU Rennes, Rennes University Hospital, Rennes, France; INRA, INSERM, Univ Rennes, Nutrition Metabolisms and Cancer, NuMeCan, Rennes, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: Little is known about the indicators to assess malnutrition in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). This study aimed to determine the following: 1) the prevalence of malnutrition in IPF patients; 2) the nutritional indicators predictive of low fat-free mass (FFM) as measured by bioimpedance analysis; 3) the IPF patients' characteristics associated with low FFM.

Methods: The IPF patients were consecutively recruited in a referral center for rare pulmonary diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.008DOI Listing
June 2019
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Sarcopenia and cardiovascular risk indices in patients with chronic kidney disease on conservative and replacement therapy.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 11;62:108-114. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Translational and Precision Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Objective: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition with high cardiovascular mortality associated with emerging risk factors, including sarcopenia. Several mechanisms can affect muscle mass, such as vitamin D deficiency, low protein intake, physical inactivity, metabolic acidosis, and inflammation leading to a worsening of cardiovascular outcomes and cognitive function. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia in CKD patients on conservative and replacement therapy and the associations between sarcopenia and markers of atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, psychological and cognitive function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.005DOI Listing
June 2019
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Cancer-related gene expression is associated with disease severity and modifiable lifestyle factors in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 13;62:100-107. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether hepatic gene expression related to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with disease severity and modifiable lifestyle factors in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, the associations between hepatic gene expression and liver histology, insulin resistance, anthropometrics, diet, and physical activity were assessed in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH; n = 19) or simple steatosis (SS; n = 20). In a group of patients with NASH, we then conducted a 1-y, single-arm, pilot study using ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation to determine whether changes in hepatic PUFA content would have a modulating effect on hepatic gene expression and would affect liver histology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.001DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

Fish oil-rich lipid emulsion modulates neuroinflammation and prevents long-term cognitive dysfunction after sepsis.

Nutrition 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Laboratory of Neurobiology of Inflammatory and Metabolic Processes, Graduate Program in Health Sciences, University of South Santa Catarina, Tubarão, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: Sepsis is a severe organic dysfunction caused by an infection that affects the normal regulation of several organ systems, including the central nervous system. Inflammation and oxidative stress play crucial roles in the development of brain dysfunction in sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a fish oil (FO)-55-enriched lipid emulsion as an important anti-inflammatory compound on brain dysfunction in septic rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
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Prepregnancy obesity as a risk factor for exclusive breastfeeding initiation in Japanese women.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 22;62:93-99. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: Breastfeeding rates in many countries fall short of the World Health Organization's recommendations. It has been reported that exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is negatively associated with obesity; however, the association varies with ethnicity, and little information is available from Asia. We explored whether prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) were associated with initiation of EBF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.003DOI Listing
June 2019
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Adherence to dietary patterns during pregnancy and association with maternal characteristics in pregnant Brazilian women.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 27;62:85-92. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate food consumption during pregnancy by determining dietary patterns, associations with maternal characteristics, and possible changes in adherence to patterns throughout pregnancy.

Methods: We prospectively followed two groups of pregnant women (N = 353) and collected, in each gestational trimester, two 24-h dietary recalls: one in person and another by telephone, with one of these recalls performed on a weekend or holiday. To determine the women's dietary patterns, principal component analysis was conducted using the combined data of groups and trimesters. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08999007183131
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.10.036DOI Listing
June 2019
7 Reads
2.926 Impact Factor

Combined exercise and calorie restriction therapies restore contractile and mitochondrial functions in skeletal muscle of obese-insulin resistant rats.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 3;62:74-84. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Neurophysiology Unit, Cardiac Electrophysiology Research and Training Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Department of Oral Biology and Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Electronic address:

Objectives: A combined exercise training and calorie-restriction program is the mainstream treatment of obesity. However, the effect of the dual-action program on mitochondrial function in skeletal muscles has not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to determine if the combined program, rather than a single program, restored both lost muscle activity and mitochondrial function in obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.031DOI Listing
June 2019
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Lactobacillus brevis DM9218 ameliorates fructose-induced hyperuricemia through inosine degradation and manipulation of intestinal dysbiosis.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 26;62:63-73. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

College of Basic Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China. Electronic address:

Objective: High fructose consumption exacerbates purine degradation and intestinal dysbiosis, which are closely related to the development of hyperuricemia. Probiotics are powerful weapons to combat metabolic disturbance and intestinal dysbiosis. Previously we isolated a Lactobacillus strain named DM9218 that could reduce the serum uric acid (UA) level by assimilating purine nucleosides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.018DOI Listing
June 2019
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Nutrition in the ICU: Foreword from the Editors.

Nutrition 2019 Jun 26;62:61-62. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of General Intensive Care, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.12.010DOI Listing