736,799 results match your criteria Nursing made Incredibly Easy! [Journal]


Photobiomodulation associated to cellular therapy improve wound healing of experimental full thickness burn wounds in rats.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2019 Apr 10;194:174-182. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, Institute of Tropical Pathology and Public Health, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Adipose derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) is a method of cell therapy potentially applicable for treatment of full thickness burns. Here we investigated if the association of photobiomodulation (PBM) with SVF therapy could improve wound healing in experimentally induced full thickness burn wounds in rats compared to the topical agent 2% silver sulfadiazine in a dose-dependent manner. Sixty-six male Wistar rats were divided in 4 groups containing 5 animals each which received the following treatments: 2% sulfadiazine (SD), SVF, SVF plus PBM at 30 mW (SVFL30), and SVF plus PBM at 100 mW (SVFL100). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Preloss Psychosocial Resources Predict Depressive-Symptom Trajectories among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Caregivers in their First Two Years of Bereavement.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Kaohsiung; School of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Context: Postloss depressive-symptom trajectories are heterogeneous and predicted by preloss psychosocial resources, but this evidence was from one old study on terminal cancer patients' caregivers for whom these issues are highly relevant.

Objectives: To identify depressive-symptom trajectories among cancer patients' bereaved caregivers and examine if they are predicted by preloss psychosocial resources while considering caregiving burden.

Methods: Preloss psychosocial resources (sense of coherence [SOC] and social support) were measured among 282 caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Evaluating the quality of simulation teaching in Fundamental Nursing Curriculum: AHP-Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation.

Nurse Educ Today 2019 Mar 30;77:77-82. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Peking University School of Nursing, #38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China.

Background: Simulation has been widely adopted in nursing education, while it is difficult to evaluate the quality of simulation. AHP-Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation could be an effective method based on one a comprehensive and scientific evaluation Index system.

Objectives: To evaluate the quality of simulation teaching in ⟨Fundamental Nursing Curriculum⟩ with fuzzy comprehensive method, and to provide a scientific evaluation method for the improvement of simulation teaching. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02606917193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2019.03.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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Analysing training in gender-based violence for undergraduate nursing students in Spain: A mixed-methods study.

Nurse Educ Today 2019 Feb 12;77:71-76. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Unit of Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Health-care professionals, and nurses especially among them, play an essential role in the health sector's response to gender-based violence. To be able to successfully address this major public health issue they need specific training in the topic.

Objective: To analyse training on gender-based violence that nursing students receive at universities in Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2019.01.017DOI Listing
February 2019

Post-irradiation recovery time strongly influences fractional laser-facilitated skin absorption.

Int J Pharm 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Research Center for Food and Cosmetic Safety and Research Center for Chinese Herbal Medicine, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Pharmaceutics Laboratory, Graduate Institute of Natural Products, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Fractional CO laser treatment has been used in some clinical trials to promote topical drug delivery. Currently, there is no standard for laser settings to achieve a feasible therapy. The cutaneous recovery following laser treatment and its influence on drug absorption have not been well explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.04.043DOI Listing

Video strategies improved health professional knowledge across different contexts: a helix counterbalanced randomised controlled study.

J Clin Epidemiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Building G, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University Peninsula Campus, McMahons Road, Frankston, 3199 Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to apply a novel helix counterbalanced randomised controlled trial design to evaluate the effectiveness of video versus written knowledge translation strategies for improving health professional knowledge of evidence provided in scientific journal articles.

Study Design And Setting: A Helix counterbalanced randomised controlled trial was used to compare the impact of delivering research information via video or written modalities compared to a no-information control across three health contexts. Interventions were delivered and data collected via an online survey to nursing and allied health professionals across five hospitals within a public health service in Melbourne, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.04.003DOI Listing

An exploratory study of the perception of contraceptive safety and impact on lactation among postpartum nurses at women and infants hospital in 2017.

Contraception 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Infants Hospital/Brown University, 101, Dudley, Street Providence Rhode Island, 02905, USA.

Objective: To describe contraceptive knowledge and counseling practices of postpartum nurses.

Methods: We surveyed postpartum nurses at the largest women's hospital in Rhode Island.

Results: We distributed 117 anonymous questionnaires and received 58 responses (response rate=50%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Incidence and factors associated with substance abuse and patient-related violence in the emergency department: A literature review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 2;21(4):159-170. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Austin Clinical School of Nursing, La Trobe University, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Background: The level of workplace violence in emergency departments worldwide has reached an alarming level. Substance abuse is thought to play a major part in the escalation of aggressive and violent behaviour and is suspected to be responsible for the majority of violent escalations in the emergency department. The aim of this scoping review was (1) to investigate the incidence of workplace violence in the emergency department, their association to substance abuse and (2) to identify factors associated with workplace violence such as perpetrator characteristics and environmental factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.10.004DOI Listing
November 2018

Development and preliminary testing of an online software system to facilitate assessment of accuracy and consistency in applying the Australasian Triage Scale.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 16;21(4):150-158. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Prince of Wales Hospital Emergency Department, Barker Street, Sydney, Australia.

Purpose: The aim of this project was to design and evaluate an online software system to facilitate the assessment of triage decision accuracy and consistency in applying the Australasian Triage Scale.

Background: Triage is a critical component of emergency nursing practice, which affects patient access to emergency care. Accurate and consistent triage decisions are vital to ensuring patient safety, timely access to care and ED operation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2588994X183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.10.001DOI Listing
November 2018
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Enhancing the training of trauma resuscitation flash teams: A mixed methods study.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 29;21(4):143-149. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Sydney Nursing School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Emergency Department, Illawarra Shoalhaven, Australia.

Aims: To determine whether simulated multidisciplinary team training influences teamwork practices and experiences when resuscitating critically injured patients and to generate evidence for training trauma resuscitation flash teams.

Background: Trauma teams perform in stressful situations. They are 'flash' teams, mobilised quickly and comprise of different specialties and disciplines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018

'It's turned our world upside down': Support needs of parents of critically injured children during Emergency Department admission - A qualitative inquiry.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 23;21(4):137-142. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Susan Wakil School of Nursing and Midwifery Sydney, The University of Sydney, 88 Mallet Street Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia; Australian Catholic University & North Western Mental Health, Level 1 North, City Campus, The Royal Melbourne Hospital Grattan Street, Parkville, Victoria 3050, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Childhood injury is the largest cause of paediatric hospitalisation in Australia. Parents' psychological wellbeing is important in enabling them to support their children's recovery, however little is known about parents' psychosocial support needs during their child's admission to the emergency department. This study explores the experiences and support needs of parents of critically injured children in the emergency department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018

Pragmatic evaluation of an observational pain assessment scale in the emergency department: The Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) scale.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 27;21(4):131-136. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Faculty of Health University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia; Research and Practice Development Unit, Level 7, Kolling Building, Royal North Shore Hospital, Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia.

Background: Pain assessment is challenging in older people with cognitive impairment who present to the emergency department and may result in suboptimal management. Therefore, the usefulness of the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) tool for older people with cognitive impairment presenting with a painful injury was evaluated.

Methods: In this multi-centre observational sub-study, older people (≥65 years) suspected of a long bone fracture were screened for cognitive impairment using the Six Item Screening (SIS) tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.09.001DOI Listing
November 2018

Implementation of guidelines for sepsis management in emergency departments: A systematic review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 8;21(4):111-120. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Deakin University Geelong, School of Nursing and Midwifery and Centre for Quality and Patient Safety Research, Australia; Northern Health, Nursing, Epping, Melbourne, Vic., Australia; Centre for Quality and Patient Safety Research - Eastern Health Partnership Box Hill, Australia.

Introduction: Timely, evidence-based emergency care for sepsis saves lives. The primary aim of this systematic review was to examine the effect of implementation of guidelines for the ED management of sepsis on time to antibiotic administration. Secondary aims were to examine changes in evidence-based sepsis care and patient outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.10.003DOI Listing
November 2018

A Retrospective Study Investigating: Factors associated with mode of arrival and emergency department management for patients with acute stroke.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 17;21(3):99-104. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Australia; Royal Melbourne Hospital, Emergency Department, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Presentation by ambulance to the emergency department is critical for stroke patients to receive time dependent treatments. However, little is known of the factors that influence presentation by ambulance.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients with an emergency department medical diagnosis of stroke who presented to one of three Victorian emergency departments over a three-year period (2011-2013). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.07.001DOI Listing

Do consumers who identify as Muslim experience culturally safe care (CSC) in the Emergency Department (ED)? A scoping review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 1;21(3):93-98. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Faculty of Health, University of Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC 4558, Queensland, Australia.

Lack of awareness about cultural and religious values and beliefs of patients presenting to Emergency Departments (ED) can compromise patient care and safety. Muslim Australians represent the fastest growing religious demographic group, with over a 77% growth in the last decade. The changing face of the Australian population requires that Australian health care carefully consider the dominant Western cultural paradigm currently influencing health care delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.08.001DOI Listing

Flood disaster preparedness experiences of hospital personnel in Thailand: A qualitative study.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 5;21(3):87-92. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Division of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, 110 Inthawaroros Road, Muang Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

Background: Nurses, as well as other health personnel and health systems, worldwide need to be adequately prepared for disasters because it is often difficult to predict where and when disasters strike. The 2011 Thailand flood disaster caused significant damage, including to hospitals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of hospital personnel regarding flood disaster preparedness in the central region of Thailand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.07.002DOI Listing

Senior emergency nurses' responses to escalations of care for clinical deterioration.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 13;21(2):69-74. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Centre for Quality and Patient Safety (QPS), Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Centre for Quality and Patient Safety, Eastern Health Partnership, Box Hill, Australia.

Background: Recognising and responding to clinical deterioration is a safety priority. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, nature, and response of emergency department Nursing Shift Leaders to episodes of escalation of care for patient clinical deterioration.

Methods: A prospective exploratory descriptive design was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.05.003DOI Listing

Indonesian emergency nurses' preparedness to respond to disaster: A descriptive survey.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 8;21(2):64-68. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

School of Nursing, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: As frontline hospital staff, emergency nurses must be prepared to respond in disaster situations. While many disasters have befallen Indonesia, no available studies document disaster preparedness of nurses in this region. This study aimed to assess disaster preparedness among Indonesian emergency nurses, as well as examine factors that affected disaster preparedness in this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.04.001DOI Listing

Paediatric emergency nurses' perceptions of parents' understanding of discharge information: A qualitative study.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 1;21(2):56-63. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Purpose: To identify paediatric emergency department nurses' perceptions of factors influencing parents' understanding of discharge information.

Procedures: Content analysis was used to analyse data from three semi-structured focus groups with nurses from a paediatric ED.

Findings: Findings were interpreted within the three domains of structure, process, and outcomes from the Donabedian model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.05.001DOI Listing

Family presence during resuscitation (FPDR): A qualitative study of implementation experiences and opinions of emergency personnel.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 28;21(2):51-55. Epub 2018 May 28.

Federation University Australia, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Healthcare, Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: To explore the experiences of nurses and doctors on the implementation of family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) in Victorian emergency departments.

Methods: An interpretative qualitative study design was utilized which incorporated the open ended responses on a state wide Victorian survey of emergency department nurses and doctors. A thematic analysis of the responses was conducted involving data reduction, identification of key words, phrases and themes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.05.002DOI Listing

Consensus-based clinical research priorities for emergency nursing in Australia.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 12;21(2):43-50. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Nursing and Midwifery Directorate Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards, NSW, Australia; Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Research is vital to responding to contemporary challenges of providing safe, high quality emergency nursing care, yet the research priorities for emergency nursing practice in Australia are unknown. This study aimed to establish research priorities for emergency nursing in Australia.

Methods: A two-stage descriptive, exploratory study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.03.001DOI Listing

Barriers to providing optimal management of psychiatric patients in the emergency department (psychiatric patient management).

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 29;22(1):8-12. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Emergency Department, Austin Hospital, Studley Road, Heidelberg, Vic 3084, Australia; Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3052, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: We aimed to determine the barriers to optimal management of psychiatric patients in the emergency department (ED).

Methods: We undertook an observational study in a tertiary referral ED with a 24h acute psychiatric nursing service (February to April, 2017). Following patient discharge, the attending psychiatric nurse completed a validated questionnaire to determine the barriers they encountered with their patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2019.01.001DOI Listing

Incidence, characteristics and outcomes of patients that return to Emergency Departments. An integrative review.

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 6;22(1):47-68. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Susan Wakil School of Nursing, Midwifery, University of Sydney, Australia; Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District, NSW, Australia.

Background: Unplanned return visits account for up to 5% of Emergency Department presentations in Australia and have been associated with adverse events and increased costs. A large number of studies examine the incidence, characteristics and outcomes of unplanned return visits but few studies examine the reasons for return from a patient perspective. The objective of this integrative review was to determine the incidence, characteristics, outcomes and reasons for unplanned return visits to Emergency Departments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.12.003DOI Listing

Carer perspectives of people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder: A scoping review of emergency care responses.

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 21;22(1):34-41. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Caring for a person with borderline personality disorder remains largely stigmatised and misunderstood. When a crisis arises, carers often seek help with the person they care for in emergency care settings such as the emergency department. The aim of this review was to explore, locate and compile the literature regarding the perspectives of family carers for a person with borderline personality disorder in an emergency care setting with a focus on nursing practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.12.001DOI Listing

Opportunistic immunising in the paediatric emergency department: Are patients due vaccines?

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 10;22(1):28-33. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Alliance for Vascular Access Teaching and Research, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, Australia.

Background: The aim of this study was to identify if patients presenting to a paediatric emergency department were due National Immunisation Program recommended vaccines in order to determine missed opportunities for vaccination or vaccination referral.

Method: A hospital chart audit assessed the documentation of an immunisation history, in comparison to the immunisation histories available from national and state immunisation databases to determine accuracy; to identify if patients were due vaccines as determined by the National Immunisation Program; and to identify factors associated with those due vaccines.

Results: Potential opportunities to vaccinate children due vaccines were missed (10/114, 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.12.002DOI Listing

Knowledge and attitude towards identification of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis among emergency personnel in tertiary teaching hospital.

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 15;22(1):13-21. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Introduction: An emergency department (ED) is often the first point of medical contact for sepsis patient, which plays an important role in early identification and management of high-risk septic patients. The present study was aim to evaluate emergency personnel's knowledge and attitude toward identification and management of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital and recruited all emergency personnel. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2588994X183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.11.002DOI Listing
March 2019
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The impact of simulated multidisciplinary Trauma Team Training on team performance: A qualitative study.

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 10;22(1):1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Sydney Nursing School, University of Sydney, Australia; Emergency Department, Illawarra Shoalhaven, Australia.

Introduction: Effective teamwork is imperative in the emergency trauma setting as trauma teams work in the uncertain and complex context of resuscitating critically injured patients. Poorly performing teams have the potential to contribute to adverse events. Efforts to improve teamwork in trauma include simulation-based multidisciplinary team training with a non-technical skills (NTS) focus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.11.003DOI Listing

Association of Exercise and Swimming Goggles With Modulation of Cerebro-ocular Hemodynamics and Pressures in a Model of Spaceflight-Associated Neuro-ocular Syndrome.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Integrated Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington.

Importance: Astronauts on International Space Station missions demonstrate adverse neuro-ocular changes. Reversing a negative translaminar pressure gradient (TLPG) by modulating cerebral blood flow, decreasing intracranial pressure, or increasing intraocular pressure (IOP) has been proposed as potential intervention for spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS).

Objective: To examine whether exercise (resistance, moderate-intensity aerobic, and high-intensity aerobic) or artificially increasing IOP is associated with modulated cerebro-ocular hemodynamic and pressure changes during head-down tilt (HDT), an analogue of spaceflight, in healthy adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0459DOI Listing

Benefits, barriers and enablers of mentoring female health academics: An integrative review.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215319. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Australia Alexandria, NSW, Australia.

This integrative literature review synthesizes the primary research evidence on mentoring female health academics published from 2000 to 2018, to identify the benefits, enablers and barriers to mentoring women. The need for this review is underpinned by the magnitude of change in higher education, the high number of women in health disciplines, limited progress in advancing women's academic careers, escalating role expectations, faculty shortages and staff turnover. Data were sourced from Scopus, PubMed, EMBASE and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215319PLOS

Individual, clinical and system factors associated with the place of death: A linked national database study.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215566. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Population Health Sciences, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Many middle- and high-income countries face the challenge of meeting preferences for home deaths. A better understanding of associated factors could support the design and implementation of policies and practices to enable dying at home. This study aims to identify factors associated with the place of death in Singapore, a country with a strong sense of filial piety. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215566PLOS

Racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity and associated factors - Cardiovascular responsiveness and psychological status.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215534. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

This study evaluated the contributions of psychological status and cardiovascular responsiveness to racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity. The baseline measures of 3,159 healthy individuals-non-Hispanic white (NHW): 1,637, African-American (AA): 1,012, Asian: 299, and Hispanic: 211-from the OPPERA prospective cohort study were used. Cardiovascular responsiveness measures and psychological status were included in structural equation modeling based mediation analyses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215534PLOS

The Prognostic Value of Prehospital Blood Lactate Levels to Predict Early Mortality in Acute Cardiovascular Disease.

Shock 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Instituto de Ciencias del Corazón (ICICOR). Hospital Clínico Universitario. Valladolid (Spain).

Introduction: The knowledge of the prognostic value of prehospital lactate (PLA) is limited. Our objective was to evaluate the predictive capacity of PLA to predict early mortality (within 48 hours) from the index event in acute cardiovascular disease (ACVD).

Methods: Prospective, longitudinal, multicenter, observational study in patients attended by advanced life support units, transferred to the emergency department of their reference hospital and diagnosed with ACVD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0000000000001356DOI Listing

Psychological Symptoms and Stress Are Associated With Decrements in Attentional Function in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy.

Cancer Nurs 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Author affiliations: Palo Alto University, California (Drs Atallah and Muñoz); Schools of Nursing (Drs Cooper, Paul, and Miaskowski) and Medicine (Drs Anguera, Levine, Chen, and Melisko), University of California, San Francisco; Department of Nursing, Mount Sinai Hospital (Dr Hammer); and School of Nursing, New York University (Dr Wright), New York; School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Conley); and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Stanford University, California (Dr Dunn).

Background: Decrements in attentional function-perceived effectiveness in everyday functioning related to cognitive dysfunction-are frequently reported by cancer patients during treatment. However, patients vary widely in their experiences of changes in attentional function.

Objective: The aim of this study was to understand differences in attentional function among cancer patients during chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000713DOI Listing

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Cancer Health Literacy Scale in Newly Diagnosed Cancer Patients.

Cancer Nurs 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Author Affiliations: Nursing Department, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, and School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei (Dr Chou and Ms Lo); Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei (Dr Liu); Department of Oncology and Hematology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City (Dr Lin); and Institute of Clinical Nursing, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei (Dr Chen), Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Health literacy (HL) influences a patient's comprehension and judgment of health-related information. A rigorous assessment tool is needed to screen for low HL in order to improve it.

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Cancer Health Literacy Scale (C-HLS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000711DOI Listing

SQUIRE-EDU (Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence in Education): Publication Guidelines for Educational Improvement.

Acad Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

G. Ogrinc is senior associate dean for medical education, and professor of medicine, the Dartmouth Institute, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire. G.E. Armstrong is associate professor, University of Colorado College of Nursing, Aurora, Colorado. M.A. Dolansky is associate professor, Case Western Reserve University, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, and Department of Veterans Affairs Louis Stokes Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio. M.K .Singh is assistant dean, Health Systems Science, and associate professor of medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Department of Veterans Affairs Louis Stokes Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio. L. Davies is associate professor, Section of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, and the Dartmouth Institute, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire; and associate professor, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont.

The SQUIRE 2.0 (Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence) guidelines were published in 2015 to increase the completeness, precision, and transparency of published reports about efforts to improve the safety, value, and quality of health care. The principles and methods applied in work to improve health care are often applied in educational improvement as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000002750DOI Listing

Impact of Kamishibai Card Process on Compliance With the Central Venous Line Maintenance Bundle.

J Nurs Care Qual 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Norton Healthcare, Louisville, Kentucky (Drs Frith and Pendleton and Ms Isaacs); University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Lexington (Dr Hampton); and Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, University of Louisville, and Division of CARE Innovation at Norton Children's Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky (Dr Montgomery).

Background: The Kamishibai Card (K-Card) process is a storytelling methodology designed to help identify barriers and remove or redesign them.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the K-Card process for central venous line (CVL) maintenance bundle compliance in a pediatric intensive care unit.

Methods: A retrospective evaluation of the implementation of the K-Card process was performed using a pretest and posttest design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000405DOI Listing

Food taboos during pregnancy.

Health Care Women Int 2019 Apr 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a College of Nursing , University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst , Massachusetts , USA.

Observing food taboos during pregnancy might have impacts on maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The author's purpose in this review was to explore the most common food taboos during pregnancy and potential health implications. PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science were searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2019.1574799DOI Listing

The Eighteen of 1918-1919: Black Nurses and the Great Flu Pandemic in the United States.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e8. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

At the time of the study, Marian Moser Jones and Matilda Saines were with the University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park.

This article examines the role of Black American nurses during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic and the aftermath of World War I. The pandemic caused at least 50 million deaths worldwide and 675 000 in the United States. It occurred during a period of pervasive segregation and racial violence, in which Black Americans were routinely denied access to health, educational, and political institutions. Read More

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https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2019.3050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305003DOI Listing
April 2019
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Experiences of Patients With a Diabetes Self-Care App Developed Based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model: Before-and-After Study.

JMIR Diabetes 2019 Apr 18;4(2):e11590. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Mobile phones have been actively used in various ways for diabetes self-care. Mobile phone apps can manage lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, and medication without time or place restrictions. A systematic review has found these apps to be effective in reducing blood glucose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11590DOI Listing

[Frailty in nursing home : contribution of the SENIOR study].

Rev Med Liege 2019 Apr;74(4):212-217

Service de Santé Publique, Epidémiologie et Economie de la Santé, Liège Université, Belgique. Centre collaborateur de l'OMS pour l'étude de la santé et du vieillissement de l'appareil musculo-squelettique.

Over the past 20 years, clinicians and researchers have shown increasing interest in frailty. However, there is still no consensus regarding its operational definition. An interesting definition in this context could be the one that best predicts functional decline and the occurrence of negative health outcomes. Read More

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Contraception Care for Transmasculine Individuals on Testosterone Therapy.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Yale School of Nursing, Orange, Connecticut.

Contraception and fertility-associated advisement is needed for any individual with a uterus who is engaging in sexual activity with reproductive potential. As greater awareness spreads regarding the health care needs of transgender, nonbinary, and gender-nonconforming individuals, the research on evidence-based care for these populations lags behind. Many clinicians may not be well versed in the best practices to support the sexual and reproductive well-being of individuals who are taking gender-affirming hormone therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmwh.12962DOI Listing

Development of the ACTIVE framework to describe stakeholder involvement in systematic reviews.

J Health Serv Res Policy 2019 Apr 18:1355819619841647. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

11 Consumer Engagement Officer, Cochrane Consumer Network, UK.

Objectives: Involvement of patients, health professionals, and the wider public ('stakeholders') is seen to be beneficial to the quality, relevance and impact of research and may enhance the usefulness and uptake of systematic reviews. However, there is a lack of evidence and resources to guide researchers in how to actively involve stakeholders in systematic reviews. In this paper, we report the development of the ACTIVE framework to describe how stakeholders are involved in systematic reviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1355819619841647DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Effect of Distraction Cards on Reducing Pain and Anxiety During Intramuscular Injection in Children.

Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Pediatric Nursing Department, Health Science Faculty, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, Turkey.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of distraction cards in reducing pain and anxiety during intramuscular (IM) injection in children aged between 6 and 11 years.

Methods: Sixty children were randomized into two groups, the distraction group and controls. The children in the distraction group viewed distraction cards during the procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wvn.12359DOI Listing

Health literacy of nursing students and its effective factors.

Nurs Forum 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Atılım University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The insufficiency of health literacy negatively affects the national economy as it leads to increased health service expenditure. It is very important for individuals to have accurate health-related information to reduce these negative effects.

Aim: The aim of the study is to examine the health literacy of nursing students and its effective factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12346DOI Listing

Optimal Sampling Strategies for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of First-Line Tuberculosis Drugs in Patients with Tuberculosis.

Clin Pharmacokinet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, PO Box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The 24-h area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)/minimal inhibitory concentration ratio is the best predictive pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameter of the efficacy of first-line anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs. An optimal sampling strategy (OSS) is useful for accurately estimating AUC; however, OSS has not been developed in the fed state or in the early phase of treatment for first-line anti-TB drugs.

Methods: An OSS for the prediction of AUC of isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide was developed for TB patients starting treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40262-019-00763-3DOI Listing

Specialist breast cancer nurses' views on implementing a fear of cancer recurrence intervention in practice: a mixed methods study.

Support Care Cancer 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9TF, UK.

Introduction: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in people with breast cancer affects treatment recovery, quality of life, service utilisation and relationships. Our aim was to investigate how specialist breast cancer nurses (SBCN) respond to their patients' fears of cancer recurrence and analyse SBCN's views about embedding a new psychological intervention, the Mini-AFTERc, into their consultations.

Method: A mixed methods sequential design was used, informed by normalisation process theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-04762-9DOI Listing

Development of a quality of life questionnaire for nursing home residents in mainland China.

Qual Life Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Nursing, Shandong University, No. 44, Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Objective: To develop and validate a quality of life (QOL) questionnaire for nursing home (NH) residents in mainland China.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including a development sample (n = 176) and validation sample (n = 371) of NH residents aged 60 and older was conducted between 2015 and 2016 in Jinan, Shandong Province, China. Resident interviews, literature reviews, expert panels, and pilot studies were used to identify QOL domains and items pertinent to NH life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-019-02180-2DOI Listing

[Training modules on climate change, heat, and health for medical assistants and nurses in outpatient care].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institut und Poliklinik für Arbeits‑, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Klinikum der Universität München, LMU München, Ziemssenstraße 1, 80336, München, Deutschland.

The number of heatwaves is going to increase due to climate change and will pose a high health risk especially for elderly people. Additional risk factors like immobility, the need for care, chronic and acute diseases (worsening of symptoms), and the intake of medications lead to an increased sensitivity to heat in this particular age group. Nursing staff and medical assistants working in general practices are two important professions to reach the risk group during heatwaves and provide preventive and curative care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-019-02942-wDOI Listing

Use of WHO standards to improve quality of maternal and newborn hospital care: a study collecting both mothers' and staff perspective in a tertiary care hospital in Italy.

BMJ Open Qual 2019 13;8(1):e000525. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Maternal and Child Health, Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy.

Background: WHO developed a list of standards for improving maternal and newborn hospital care. However, there is little experience on their use, and no precise guidance on their implementation. This study aimed at documenting the use of the WHO standards for improving the quality of maternal and neonatal care (QMNC) in a tertiary hospital, Northeast Italy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjoq-2018-000525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440608PMC
February 2019

Using lean thinking to improve hypertension in a community health centre: a quality improvement report.

BMJ Open Qual 2019 8;8(1):e000373. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Lynn Community Health Center, Lynn, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Achieving better care at lower cost in the US healthcare safety net will require federally qualified health centres (FQHC) to implement new models of team-based population healthcare. Lean thinking may offer a way to reduce the financial risk of practice transformation while increasing the likelihood of sustained improvement.

Objective: To demonstrate system-level improvement in hypertension control in a large FQHC through the situational use of lean thinking and statistical process control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjoq-2018-000373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440610PMC
February 2019
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