Prog Rehabil Med 2020 8;5:20200020. Epub 2020 Sep 8.
Department of Rehabilitation, Japanese Red Cross Ashikaga Hospital, Ashikaga, Japan.
Objective: To clarify the effect of early dysphagia rehabilitation, early rehabilitation was started within 2 days of admission by speech-language-hearing therapists in patients with severe aspiration pneumonia.
Methods: The subjects were inpatients with severe aspiration pneumonia (A-DROP≥3) admitted to our hospital between April 2014 and March 2019. We retrospectively investigated patient age, sex, A-DROP score, community-acquired or nursing- and healthcare-associated pneumonia, invasive and noninvasive ventilation, comorbidities, nutritional risk, admission from nursing home, discharge to nursing home, walking ability before admission and at discharge, Food Intake LEVEL Scale (FILS) score at the start of rehabilitation and at discharge, the achievement of oral intake, alternative nutrition in use at discharge, number of days from admission to the start of rehabilitation, and number of days from admission to oral intake. Read More