725,249 results match your criteria Nursing Administration Quarterly [Journal]


Biosynthesis of sorafenib coated graphene nanosheets for the treatment of gastric cancer in patients in nursing care.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2018 Nov 20;191:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

The Third Department of Tumor Surgery, Tangshan Gongren Hospital, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Sorafenib (SRF) is a well-known tyrosine kinase inhibiting anticancer drug which iseffectual against multiple carcinomas especially gastric cancers by targeting the Ras/Raf/Mek/Erk cascade pathway and blocking the tumor cell proliferation. In the present work, we have reduced graphene oxide (GO) in presence of sorafenib using ascorbic as green reducing agent for the treatment of gastric cancers. Sorafenib reduced graphene oxide (SRGO) were obtained with a transparent and smoothmorphology. Read More

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November 2018

YMCA exercise intervention to augment smoking cessation treatment in adults with high anxiety sensitivity: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, Institute for Mental Health Research, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States.

Extant evidence suggests that exercise can reduce anxiety related vulnerability factors, such as anxiety sensitivity (AS), or fear of bodily sensations related to anxiety, that negatively impact smoking cessation outcomes. Building upon emerging evidence supporting the efficacy of exercise as an aid for smoking cessation in adults with high AS, we are conducting a trial to examine the efficacy and feasibility of this clinical application when implemented in a community setting. Partnering with the YMCA, this study aims to enroll 150 adults in a standard smoking cessation protocol (i. Read More

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December 2018

Associations of urban greenness with asthma and respiratory symptoms in Mexican American children.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Professor, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago.

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December 2018

GSK-3 inhibitors enhance TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in human gastric adenocarcinoma cells.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0208094. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Institute of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Resistance to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis has been reported in some cancer cells, including AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells. Reducing this resistance might shed light on the treatment of human gastric adenocarcinoma. In this study, we examined whether glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) inhibitors can restore TRAIL responsiveness in gastric adenocarcinoma cells. Read More

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December 2018
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Disclosure of HIV serostatus and condomless sex among men living with HIV/AIDS in Florida.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0207838. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Epidemiology, College of Medicine and College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States of America.

Despite campaigns to increase safer sex practices, there are people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) who do not disclose their HIV status to sexual partners and engage in condomless sex. The purpose of this research was to: 1) describe factors associated with disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners; and 2) determine if disclosure and/or receipt of prevention counseling are independently associated with condomless sex. We used the Florida Medical Monitoring Project to analyze data from 376 HIV positive men with more than one sexual partner. Read More

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December 2018

Acanthamoeba profilin elicits allergic airway inflammation in mice.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 17;12(12):e0006979. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Parasitology School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea.

Background: In previous studies, we suggested that Acanthamoeba is a new aero-allergen and that patients who showed positive results for the skin-prick test response to Acanthamoeba cross-reacted with several pollen allergens. Additionally, patients with common antibodies reacted to the 13-15 kDa Acanthamoeba unknown allergen.

Objective: We examined whether profilin of Acanthamoeba is a human airway allergic agent because of its molecular weight. Read More

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December 2018
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Opioid and Cannabis Co-Use among Adults with Chronic Pain: Relations to Substance Misuse, Mental Health, and Pain Experience.

J Addict Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX (AHR, JB, DJP, MJV); Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA (JDB); College of Nursing, Washington State University, Washington, DC (MFO); Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, New York, NY (JWD); Department of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MJZ); and HEALTH Institute, University of Houston, Houston, TX (MJZ).

Objectives: Opioid misuse constitutes a significant public health problem and is associated with a host of negative outcomes. Despite efforts to curb this increasing epidemic, opioids remain the most widely prescribed class of medications. Prescription opioids are often used to treat chronic pain despite the risks associated with use, and chronic pain remains an important factor in understanding this epidemic. Read More

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December 2018

The Experiences of Black Nursing Alumni at a Predominantly White Institution.

Nurse Educ 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor, FNP Track Co-Coordinator (Dr Gona); Assistant Professor (Dr Pusey-Reid), Accelerated BSN Program; Assistant Dean (Dr Lussier-Duynstee), Student Services and Clinical Facilitation; and Former Faculty (Dr Gall), School of Nursing, MGH Institute of Health Professions, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Despite increasing minority enrollment in nursing programs, student attrition remains a persistent problem.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of a diverse group of black alumni at a predominantly white institution in the United States.

Method: In this qualitative descriptive study, researchers conducted focus group interviews with 16 recent graduates of accelerated baccalaureate and direct-entry nurse practitioner programs. Read More

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December 2018

A Nursing Dashboard to Communicate the Evaluation of Program Outcomes.

Nurse Educ 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor (Dr Opsahl), Indiana University School of Nursing, Bloomington; and Professor (Dr Horton-Deutsch), University of San Francisco, California.

Background: Schools of nursing pursue accreditation to convey the quality of their program. Communication of their process for continuous quality improvement and ability to produce competent nurse graduates are common program goals.

Purpose: This article describes the implementation of a nursing dashboard as an innovative approach to examine and communicate program outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Interprofessional Pharmacology Podcasting in Advanced Practice Nursing Seminar.

Nurse Educ 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Author Affiliations: Faculty (Dr Ro), Seattle University School of Nursing, Washington; Clinical Pharmacist (Dr Villarreal), University of Washington Medical Center Department of Pharmacy, Seattle.

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December 2018

Effects of Dementia-Specific Education for Nursing Students.

Nurse Educ 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor (Dr Kimzey); Lecturer (Ms Seale), College of Nursing, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth; Associate Professor (Dr Mastel-Smith), College of Nursing, The University of Texas at Tyler.

Background: The numbers of people living with dementia are overwhelming. Dementia education is important to prepare nursing students to care for this population.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a virtual dementia experience on nursing students' attitudes and empathy for people with dementia, dementia knowledge, and self-confidence for dementia care. Read More

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December 2018

Towards UNAIDS Fast-Track goals: Targeting priority geographic areas for HIV prevention and care in Zimbabwe.

AIDS 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Ministry of Health and Child Care, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Introduction: Zimbabwe has made substantial progress toward the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) targets of 90-90-90 by 2020, with 73% of people living with HIV diagnosed, 87% of those diagnosed on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 86% of those on ART virally suppressed. Despite this exceptional response, more effort is needed to completely achieve the UNAIDS targets. Here, we conducted a detailed spatial analysis of the geographical structure of the HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe to include geographical prioritization as a key component of their overall HIV intervention strategy. Read More

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December 2018

Socio-behavioural and community predictors of unsuppressed viral load: multi-level results from a hyper-endemic rural South African population.

AIDS 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Africa Health Research Institute, Durban, South Africa.

Objective: Extensive anti-retroviral therapy scale-up is expected to prevent onward transmission of HIV by reducing the overall community viral load (VL). Despite countless studies about predictors of VL derived from clinical settings, to date, no study has established them in sub-Saharan Africa hyperendemic community settings that can inform population-based interventions designed to halt HIV transmission. We used one of Africa's largest population-based prospective cohorts in rural KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, to establish for the first time the socio-demographic, behavioral and community predictors of unsuppressed VL. Read More

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December 2018

Surgical site infections after craniotomy: a matched health-care cost and length of stay study.

J Wound Care 2018 Dec;27(12):885-890

Clinical Nurse Instructor, Faculty of Nursing, Adult Health Nursing Department, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan.

Objective:: To assess the extra health-care costs and length of stay resulting from surgical site infection (SSI), as well as to identify the most frequent aetiological microorganisms of SSIs among Jordanian craniotomy surgery patients.

Method:: A retrospective, descriptive, correlational and nested 1:1 matched case-control design was used. A computerised list of patients, who underwent surgery between May 2009 and March 2015, was generated in the targeted hospital. Read More

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December 2018

The relationship between pressure ulcer risk assessment and preventative interventions: a systematic review.

J Wound Care 2018 Dec;27(12):862-875

Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, 1100 Nudgee Road, Banyo, QLD, Australia 4014. Nursing Research and Practice Development Centre, The Prince Charles Hospital, Rode Rd, Chermside, QLD, Australia 4032. Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa.

Objective:: Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (PU) continue to occur despite an ongoing focus on prevention. The aim of this review was to identify and evaluate primary research which links pressure ulcer risk assessment with prescription and implementation of preventative interventions for hospitalised adults.

Method:: A systematic review of the databases EBSCO CINAHL Complete, EBSCO MEDLINE Complete, Scopus and Web of Science was undertaken, using search terms related to pressure ulcers, hospital-acquired, risk, planning, implementation, prevention and outcome. Read More

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December 2018

Greek nurses' knowledge on the prevention of surgical site infection: an investigation.

J Wound Care 2018 Dec;27(12):876-884

Professor, Department of Nursing, University of West Attica.

Objective:: The aim of the study was to investigate nurses' knowledge regarding the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI), and to examine the relationship between nurses' demographic characteristics and educational level and their level of knowledge in prevention of SSIs. A further aim was to examine the differences in nurses' knowledge with respect to selected variables and to identify the most significant predictors of nurses' knowledge regarding the prevention of SSIs, to support the provision of high-quality nursing care.

Method:: A prospective, observational study of a convenience sample of nurses and assistant nurses working in surgical departments, in a public general hospital for adults in Attica, during May to August 2016. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of hospitalization on potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults with chronic kidney disease.

Curr Med Res Opin 2018 Dec 17:1-18. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Pharmacy, School of Medicine, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania , Australia.

Objectives: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) use is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is paucity of data on how hospitalization affects PIMs use in older adults with CKD. Therefore, we aimed to measure the impact of hospitalization on PIMs use in older CKD patients, and identify factors predicting PIMs use. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence-Based Performance Measures and Outcomes in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2018 Dec;11(12):e001968

TianTan Clinical Trial and Research Center for Stroke, Department of Neurology, Beijing TianTan Hospital, Capital Medical University, China (Yilong Wang, Chunjuan Wang, H.L., Yongjun Wang).

Background: Stroke is the leading cause of death in China. Despite the wide dissemination of evidence-based guidelines, data about adherence to these in routine clinical practice are scarce. We conducted a study using a nationwide registry to evaluate the implementation of evidence-based stroke performance indicators and associated guidelines, for patients with an ischemic stroke in China. Read More

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December 2018

Working with consumers who hear voices: The experience of early career nurses in mental health services in Australia.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Mental health consumers who hear voices frequently experience distress and express a desire to discuss their voice-hearing experience. Nurses do not regularly demonstrate a willingness to engage in such discussions. With the introduction of educational strategies that develop empathy and an understanding of voice-hearing experiences, it is anticipated that early career nurses will be able to translate such understanding into their professional nursing practice. Read More

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December 2018

Crossing the line: Sexual misconduct by nurses reported to the National Practitioner Data Bank.

Public Health Nurs 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Retired from Division of Practitioner Data Banks, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine nurse sexual-misconduct-related reports in the National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) and to compare them with reports for other types of offenses.

Design And Population: We analyzed NPDB's reports of adverse state nursing board licensure actions and malpractice payments for all nurses from January 1, 2003, to June 30, 2016.

Results: Overall, 882 nurses had sexual-misconduct-related reports. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of Instruments for Measurement of Delirium Severity: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Intern Med 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Aging Brain Center, Institute for Aging Research, Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Measurement of delirium severity has been recognized as highly important for tracking prognosis, monitoring response to treatment, and estimating burden of care for patients both during and after hospitalization. Rather than simply rating delirium as present or absent, the ability to quantify its severity would enable development and monitoring of more effective treatment approaches for the condition.

Objectives: To present a comprehensive review of delirium severity instruments, conduct a methodologic quality rating of the original validation study of the most commonly used instruments, and select a group of top-rated instruments. Read More

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December 2018

Cortisol levels among older people with and without depression and dementia.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 17:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Ageing and Health,Vestfold Hospital Trust,Tønsberg,Norway.

ABSTRACTCortisol dysregulation has been reported in dementia and depression. Cortisol levels and its associates were investigated among older people living at home and in nursing homes, in a cross-sectional study. A sample of 650 older people, from the community (home and nursing homes) and specialized care (memory clinics and old age psychiatry wards), mean age 76. Read More

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December 2018

"Remembrance": A Self-Care Tool for Clinicians.

J Palliat Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

1 Department of Psychosocial Oncology and Palliative Care, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute , Boston, Massachusetts.

Despite increasing attention in the medical and nursing literature about the importance of self-care for clinicians and the prevention of burnout, coping with the deaths of patients is an often-neglected component of clinical training. In this article, we describe the development of "Remembrance," an interdisciplinary approach to acknowledge and process the deaths of patients on our inpatient palliative care service, paying particular attention to how patients and their families affect us as clinicians. We believe that such a practice is an important component of both quality end-of-life care and clinician self-care, which should be routinely taught and incorporated into clinical services. Read More

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December 2018

Reported benefits of peer support group involvement by adults with hearing loss.

Int J Audiol 2018 Dec 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

f College of Nursing and Health Sciences , Flinders University , Adelaide , Australia.

The purpose of this study was to better understand the benefits of self-help group involvement by adults with hearing loss. A secondary content analysis of interview transcripts of participants from a previous study on the impact of stigma on help-seeking was carried out. Ten members (aged 55-76 years) of self-help groups for persons with hearing loss in the United States of America and Canada participated in the interviews. Read More

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December 2018

Safety culture in healthcare teams: A narrative review of the literature.

J Nurs Manag 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

School of Nursing, Midwifery& Health Systems, Health Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Aim: Explores the recent literature to examine the factors that affect safety culture within healthcare teams.

Background: To deliver safe care to patients, healthcare organisations must understand and improve their safety culture. However, safety culture is a complex phenomenon which interacts with a myriad of factors, making it difficult to define, measure and improve. Read More

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December 2018

Development and validation of Emotional Labour in Nursing Scale in Italy.

Med Lav 2018 Dec 20;109(6):444-458. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

università tor vergata, roma.

Background: Emotional demands may be a significant risk factor for wellbeing in healthcare professionals. Nurses have been considered the most exposed to emotional burden known as emotional labour. Scholars define it as the process by which nurses sometimes hide/fake the real emotion or struggle to display the appropriate emotion to meet the emotional work requirements. Read More

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December 2018

'If We Are to Believe the Psychologists …': Medicine, Psychoanalysis and Breastfeeding in Britain, 1900-55.

Authors:
Katharina Rowold

Med Hist 2019 Jan;63(1):61-81

In 1942, the British Minister of Health commissioned a report from the newly established Advisory Committee on Mothers and Young Children into 'What can be done to intensify the effort to secure more breast feeding of infants?'. To make their case, the members of the sub-committee put in charge of the report sought expert testimony on the benefits of breastfeeding. They consulted medical officers of health, maternity and child-welfare officers, health visitors, midwives, obstetricians, paediatricians and a physician in private practice. Read More

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January 2019

Addressing the Gender Continuum: A Concept Analysis.

J Transcult Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1043659618818722. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Augusta University, Athens, GA, USA.

Introduction: The purpose of this concept analysis aims to bring awareness of the gender continuum to nurse educators and students and break down gender stereotypes.

Method: Using the Walker and Avant concept analysis approach, this analysis is based on a transcultural nursing theory framework.

Results: Gender continuum is an umbrella concept, accounting for components beyond how a person identifies. Read More

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December 2018

How Grandparents Experience the Death of a Grandchild With a Life-Limiting Condition.

J Fam Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1074840718816808. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

2 Lancaster University, UK.

Traditionally, family-focused care extends to parents and siblings of children with life-limiting conditions. Only a few studies have focused on the needs of grandparents, who play an important role in the families of children with illness and with life-limiting conditions, in particular. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used as the methodological framework for the study. Read More

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December 2018

Transient power elevation during iron dextran infusion in a patient with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device.

Int J Artif Organs 2018 Dec 16:391398818818565. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

6 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Anemia is common in patients with mechanical circulatory support and is associated with increased morbidity. Repletion using parenteral iron infusions has been proven to be beneficial in patients with heart failure. In this report, we describe a case of increased power and flows of continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) during an iron dextran infusion. Read More

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December 2018

Gender difference of symptoms of acute coronary syndrome among Chinese patients: a cross-sectional study.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1474515118820485. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

5 LinYi People's Hospital, Nursing Administrative Department, China.

Background:: The incidence of acute coronary syndrome is increasing in China.

Objective:: To investigate gender differences in Chinese patients' acute coronary syndrome symptoms, attribution of symptoms and reasons for seeking medical service.

Methods:: This was a cross-sectional, multicentre study. Read More

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December 2018

Adapting Project RED to Skilled Nursing Facilities.

Clin Nurs Res 2018 Dec 17:1054773818819261. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.

This article describes our recommendation for adapting hospital-based RED (Reengineered Discharge) processes to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). Using focus groups, the SNFs' discharge processes were assessed twice additionally, research staff then recorded field notes documenting discussions about facility discharge processes as they related to RED processes. Data were systematically analyzed using thematic analysis to identify recommendations for adapting RED to the SNF setting including (a) rapidly identifying, involving, and preparing family/caregivers to implement a patient focused SNF discharge plan; (b) reconnecting patients quickly to primary care providers; and (c) educating patients at discharge about their target health condition, medications, and impact of changes on other chronic health needs. Read More

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December 2018

Moving Toward Openness: Blackfeet Indians' Perception Changes Regarding Talking About End of Life.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2018 Dec 16:1049909118818255. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

2 Eagle Shield Center, Blackfeet Nation, Browning, MT, USA.

This study was conducted to examine cultural appropriateness and readiness for the Blackfeet people in the United States talking about end of life. In the past, a taboo perception of Blackfeet traditional belief in end-of-life discussion was identified as a core barrier for hospice use. However, a recent anecdotal increase in hospice interest triggered the research team to investigate community-wide interest as well as traditional appropriateness of hospice introduction. Read More

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December 2018

Associations among behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, care burden, and family-to-work conflict of employed family caregivers.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Family Nursing, Division of Health Sciences & Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: The present study aimed to examine the associations among behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) of persons with dementia (PWD), care burden and family-to-work conflict (FWC) of employed family caregivers.

Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out with employed adult daughter or son (or in-law) caregivers for PWD from two rural cities in Japan. FWC, care burden and the degree of BPSD were evaluated by the Survey Work-Home Interaction-NijmeGen, Zarit Burden Scale-Short Version and Dementia Behavior Disturbance Scale, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

Helicobacter pylori eradication improves glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients with asymptomatic active Helicobacter pylori infection.

J Diabetes Investig 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Aims/introduction: Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with insulin resistance and glycemia in nondiabetes. However, the relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and glycemia in diabetes remains inconclusive. Therefore, we explored the effect of Helicobacter pylori infection status and its eradication on glycemic control and antidiabetic therapy in type 2 diabetes. Read More

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December 2018

Preventing intergenerational trauma transmission: A critical interpretive synthesis.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Australian Catholic University & NorthWestern Mental Health, Melbourne Health.

Aim: To synthesise and critically interpret literature of relevance to intervening in intergenerational transmission of relational trauma within parent-infant relationships.

Background: Intergenerational trauma is a discrete process and form of psychological trauma transmitted within families and communities. Intergenerational trauma can be transmitted through attachment relationships where the parent has experienced relational trauma and have significant impacts upon individuals across the lifespan, including predisposition to further trauma. Read More

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December 2018

Utility of the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment in Japanese patients with nursing- and healthcare-associated pneumonia.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Unit of Translational Medicine, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

Aim: To clarify the utility of sepsis evaluation using the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) tool in addition to the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI); age, dehydration, respiration, orientation and blood pressure (A-DROP) index; and immunodeficiency, respiration, orientation, age and dehydration (I-ROAD) scoring systems, and risk factor evaluation of potentially drug-resistant (PDR) pathogens are suggested in the 2017 guidelines for pneumonia of the Japanese Respiratory Society in nursing- and healthcare-associated pneumonia patients.

Methods: We included 289 hospitalized nursing- and healthcare-associated pneumonia patients between April 2016 and March 2017, and investigated the ability of PSI, A-DROP, I-ROAD and qSOFA to predict pneumonia-related mortality. We also evaluated the associations among the risk factors for PDR pathogens, the detection ratio of PDR pathogens and pneumonia-related mortality. Read More

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December 2018

Applicability of an elastic band exercise program to wheelchair-bound older adults with and without dementia: A self-rating survey.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Master Program of Long-Term Care in Aging, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Aim: To investigate the perceptions of wheelchair-bound older adults with and without dementia toward the Wheelchair-bound Senior Elastic Band exercise program, and to compare the differences of their perceptions to the program.

Methods: A descriptive and comparative design was applied. Data were derived from the experimental groups of two cluster-randomized controlled trials. Read More

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December 2018
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Adaptive parenting strategies used by mothers with physical disabilities caring for infants and toddlers.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Mongan Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

There is a paucity of information concerning adaptive parenting strategies utilised by mothers with physical disabilities, particularly during early motherhood. The purpose of this study is to describe the adaptive strategies used by mothers with physical disabilities during early motherhood. This qualitative study included semi-structured telephone interviews between January and March 2014 with US mothers with a range of physical disabilities who had a baby within the past 10 years (N = 25). Read More

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December 2018

Exposing the impact of intensive advice services on health: A realist evaluation.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing, Northumbria University, Benton, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

Attention has turned to welfare advice as a potential health and social care intervention. However, establishing direct evidence of health impact has proven difficult. This is compounded by the need to understand both the facilitative contexts and mechanisms through which this impact occurs. Read More

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December 2018

Finding fault: Criticism as a care management strategy and its impact on outcomes for dementia caregivers.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Distinguished University Professor and Dean, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Despite a large literature on the stress process, little attention has focused on how caregivers for persons living with dementia (PLWDs) provide care and how this may impact care outcomes. Criticism is a management strategy caregivers may use to respond to behavioral symptoms. We consider whether criticism is associated with caregivers' mental health and service utilization. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical observation of the reduced glutathione in the treatment of diabetic chronic kidney disease.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Nursing School, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan, China.

Background: Diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become the main cause of death in diabetic patients, but its pathogenesis has not yet been clear.

Objective: To investigate the effects of reduced glutathione (GSH) on oxidative stress (OS), angiogenesis factors and lymphocyte subsets in diabetic CKD patients.

Methods: A total of 130 subjects were retrospectively studied. Read More

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December 2018

Functional loss in daily activity in ovarian cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Cancer survivors frequently experience cancer or treatment-related symptoms and functional morbidities that can be addressed through rehabilitation services, but these symptoms often go unnoticed and seldom managed. This study seeks to investigate the undetected patient symptoms and functional loss related to the activities of daily living (ADLs) in ovarian cancer patients during chemotherapy and to identify the influence of chemotherapy on such loss.

Methods: Ovarian cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were identified from June to August 2016, who were treated at the department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of two tertiary hospitals. Read More

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December 2018

A Multimedia Support Skills Intervention for Female Partners of Male Smokeless Tobacco Users: Use and Perceived Acceptability.

JMIR Form Res 2018 Jan-Jun;2(1)

College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States.

Background: UCare is a new multimedia (website+booklet) intervention for women who want their male partner to quit their use of smokeless tobacco. The intervention is based on research showing that perceived partner responsiveness to social support is highest when the supporter conveys respect, understanding, and caring in their actions. The website included both didactic and interactive features, with optional video components, and special activities to help women develop empathy for nicotine addiction. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of two methods for measuring contrast sensitivity in anisometropic amblyopia.

J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 27;30(4):343-347. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate two psychophysical contrast sensitivity testing methods in amblyopic patients.

Methods: Thirty-three adults with anisometropic amblyopia participated in this study. Psychophysical contrast sensitivity was measured for both amblyopic and fellow eyes of the participants at 1, 3, and 5 cycles per degree (cpd) spatial frequencies by Freiburg visual acuity and contrast test (FrACT) and Metrovision contrast sensitivity test, which employ sine-wave gratings for measurement of contrast sensitivity. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of the effects of isotretinoin for treatment of acne on corneal sensitivity.

J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6;30(4):326-329. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Optometry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To determine the effect of isotretinoin on corneal sensitivity in acne patients.

Methods: Fifty patients (13 men and 37 women) with a mean age of 23.24 ± 3. Read More

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December 2018

Testing of the 'Always Events' approach to improve the patient experience in the emergency department.

BMJ Open Qual 2018 19;7(4):e000195. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Medical Directorate, NHS Education for Scotland, Glasgow, UK.

Maintaining quality of care and meeting patient expectations in the face of rising demand within emergency departments (ED) is a significant challenge for clinicians. This study tested the Always Events (AE) approach as a means to identify AE's relevance to patient care in the ED and act on this to address patient concerns. The project team looked to identify aspects of care patients would like to see improved within the minor injuries stream (MIS). Read More

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November 2018

Data for professional socialization and professional commitment of nursing students - A case study: Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 22;21:2224-2229. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Nursing students by professional socialization could catch the necessary professional commitment in this carrier. In addition, by solving the problem and having a specific and certain discipline could have act as a nurse. The aim of this study is evaluating the relation between professional socialization and professional commitment of nursing students in Kermanshah University of medical sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah, Iran. Read More

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December 2018

Tracking external introductions of HIV using phylodynamics reveals a major source of infections in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Virus Evol 2018 Jul 11;4(2):vey037. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

KwaZulu-Natal Research Innovation and Sequencing Platform (KRISP), College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Despite increasing access to antiretrovirals, HIV incidence in rural KwaZulu-Natal remains among the highest ever reported in Africa. While many epidemiological factors have been invoked to explain such high incidence, widespread human mobility and viral movement suggest that transmission between communities may be a major source of new infections. High cross-community transmission rates call into question how effective increasing the coverage of antiretroviral therapy locally will be at preventing new infections, especially if many new cases arise from external introductions. Read More

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Lumbar stabilisation exercises versus back endurance-resistance exercise training in athletes with chronic low back pain: protocol of a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2018 22;4(1):e000452. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Doctoral and Masters Programs in Rehabilitation Sciences UEL/UNOPAR, LAFUP-UNOPAR, Londrina-PR, Brazil.

Background: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is an important disorder in athletes that may negatively affect their performance in competitions. The literature usually recommends physiotherapy based on exercises for back pain management in athletes. Recent evidence suggests that interventions based on lumbar muscle stabilisation exercises (LMSE) and back endurance-resistance exercises (BERE) may improve back pain and function performance. Read More

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November 2018
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