53,144 results match your criteria Nose Anatomy


Potential forensic implications of therapy - a traditional Indonesian therapy associated with neck bruising.

Med Sci Law 2020 Jun 5:25802420926867. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Faculty of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Australia.

is a traditional Indonesian treatment involving abrading the skin over various parts of the body with a blunt object such as a coin or a piece of ginger which may create suspicious injuries. Here, the case of a 30-year-old woman who had undergone therapy is reported. She was complaining of retro-sternal pain and epigastric discomfort and subsequently became markedly short of breath and died. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025802420926867DOI Listing

A dental implant dislocated in the ethmoidal sinus: A case report.

Heliyon 2020 May 27;6(5):e03977. Epub 2020 May 27.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo", Messina, Italy.

Maxillary sinusitis can represent a rare complication of dental implants of endodontic materials impinging in the maxillary sinuses. The effects of anatomical variants of paranasal sinuses on pathophysiological and clinical manifestations of dental sinusitis are poorly understood. Herein, we present a case of dislocation of a dental implant in the ethmoidal sinus in a 63-years old man with bilateral accessory maxillary orifice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03977DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260438PMC

Computed tomographic analysis of internal structures within the nasal cavities of green, loggerhead and leatherback sea turtles.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Laboratory of Veterinary Anatomy, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan.

The morphology of the tetrapod nasal cavity has adapted to the environment in terms of olfaction and respiration. Reports indicate that the internal structure of the nasal cavity of green sea turtles is more complex than that of turtles in general, but whether or not it is similar among sea turtle species remains unknown. The present study aimed to define the internal structures of the nasal cavity of green (Chelonian mydas), loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) sea turtles using computed tomography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24469DOI Listing

Psychophysical Olfactory Tests and Detection of COVID-19 in Patients With Sudden Onset Olfactory Dysfunction: A Prospective Study.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 May 29:145561320929169. Epub 2020 May 29.

COVID-19 Task Force of the Young-Otolaryngologists of the International Federations of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies (YO-IFOS), Paris, France.

Objective: To investigate the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) status of patients with initial sudden olfactory anosmia (ISOA) through nasopharyngeal swabs for reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis and to explore their olfactory dysfunctions with psychophysical olfactory evaluation.

Methods: A total of 78 ISOA patients were recruited from April 6, 2020, to April 10, 2020, through a public call of University of Mons (Mons, Belgium). Patients benefited from nasopharyngeal swabs and fulfilled the patient-reported outcome questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320929169DOI Listing

Patterns of Care and Outcome Analysis of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: An Indonesian Single Institution Study.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2020 May 1;21(5):1481-1485. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Head and Neck Surgery, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Nasopharyngeal cancer is endemic to Southeast Asia. However, there is limited clinical evidence of nasopharyngeal cancer in Indonesia, which has the largest population in Southeast Asia.

Methods: Patterns of care and treatment outcomes in 428 patients with newly-diagnosed and pathologically-confirmed nasopharyngeal cancer were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.5.1481DOI Listing

Creating a dynamic cadaveric laryngeal model.

Clin Teach 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification, School of Science and Engineering, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tct.13166DOI Listing

Ear malformations: what do radiologists need to know?

Clin Imaging 2020 Apr 20;66:42-53. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Radio-diagnosis, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Ear malformations represent 50% of ear, nose and throat malformations. Ear malformations cause conductive hearing loss (CHL) and/or sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) with a significant childhood disability worldwide. Early accurate diagnosis and treatment are mandatory to enhance language and speech development. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.04.022DOI Listing

Protease Inhibitors: Candidate Drugs to Inhibit Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Replication.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2020 05;251(1):27-30

Laboratory of Health and Sports Science, Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health and Welfare, Tohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering.

The number of patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly increased, although the WHO declared a pandemic. However, drugs that function against SARS-CoV-2 have not been established. SARS-CoV-2 has been suggested to bind angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, the receptor of the SARS coronavirus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1620/tjem.251.27DOI Listing

Laser-Assisted Lithotripsy With Sialendoscopy: Systematic Review of YO-IFOS Head and Neck Study Group.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 May 22:145561320926281. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Introduction: Sialolithiasis is the most common cause of symptomatic obstructive sialadenitis. Sialendoscopy represent a minimally invasive technique that has evolved significantly in the last 2 decades, with high success rates in managing sialolithiasis and allowing gland preservation. Lithotripsy assisted or not by laser represents the fragmentation of stone or lithiasis within the salivary duct followed immediately by removal of the fragmented pieces. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320926281DOI Listing

Anosmia Is a Key Symptom of COVID-19 Infection and Should Be Used as a Diagnostic Tool.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 May 21:145561320925191. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Human Anatomy and Experimental Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, UMONS Research Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, University of Mons (UMons), Mons, Belgium.

Based on observations described in our letter, we can draw the following conclusions: (1) anosmia must imperatively be added to the list of specific symptoms of COVID-19 infection, (2) anosmia can serve as a free and specific diagnostic tool for developing countries currently affected by the pandemic, (3) the mechanisms of COVID-19 anosmia seem not to directly involve nasal obstruction but rather seem to be related to damage the olfactory neuroepithelium. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320925191DOI Listing

Traditional Chinese Medicine in Emergency Treatment Mechanism and Application.

Open Access Emerg Med 2020 30;12:111-119. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Rehabilitation, Wenzhou Medical University Second Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325027, People's Republic of China.

Traditional Chinese medicine has usually been recognized to be efficacious to treat chronic diseases from the western point-of-view. However, there is a long history in China of applying traditional Chinese medicine in many acute and urgent medical conditions. In this review, selected methods documented in traditional Chinese medicine including blowing air to ear, nose insufflating therapy, acupuncture and moxibustion were presented as the common practices to promote consciousness recovery from coma. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAEM.S244110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198447PMC

Re: What's in a synonym? A nose by any other name would smell.

Authors:
Matthew J Zdilla

Clin Anat 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Biological Sciences, West Liberty University, West Virginia, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23620DOI Listing

Revision Septorhinoplasty: An Illustrative Case Report.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 May 19:145561320925964. Epub 2020 May 19.

HNO-Zentrum Rhein-Neckar, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Rhinoplasty is one of the most popular procedures in facial plastic surgery. It is a technically demanding surgery with a long learning curve. The outcome may be very beneficial to the function of the nasal breathing as well as the patient's social life but harbors many pitfalls and sequelae from minor to devastating. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320925964DOI Listing

Olfactory Targeting of Microparticles Through Inhalation and Bi-directional Airflow: Effect of Particle Size and Nasal Anatomy.

J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Targeting drugs to the olfactory region in the nasal cavity can bypass the restrictive bloodbrain barrier and enhance their direct delivery to the brain. However, complex nasal geometry and its demographical variations can pose challenges for targeted drug deposition in the olfactory region. Deposition of particles in the nasal cavity is influenced by particle size, airflow rate, and nasal geometry. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jamp.2019.1549DOI Listing

Stylohyoid complex syndrome: A report of two cases and review of the literature.

Heliyon 2020 May 7;6(5):e03937. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Minsk, Belarus.

This article reports two patients with stylohyoid complex syndrome. Cone beam computed tomography examination of the 37-year-old Caucasian woman with hemifacial pain, radiating to the left ear which intensified in response to opening the mouth revealed the ossified distal part of the left stylohyoid ligament, 23.85 mm long, which had a contact with the lesser horn of the hyoid. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217999PMC

SARS-CoV-2 Receptor ACE2 Is an Interferon-Stimulated Gene in Human Airway Epithelial Cells and Is Detected in Specific Cell Subsets across Tissues.

Cell 2020 05 27;181(5):1016-1035.e19. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA; Program in Immunology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address:

There is pressing urgency to understand the pathogenesis of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus clade 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes the disease COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein binds angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), and in concert with host proteases, principally transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2), promotes cellular entry. The cell subsets targeted by SARS-CoV-2 in host tissues and the factors that regulate ACE2 expression remain unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2020.04.035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252096PMC

Hypogeusia as the initial presenting symptom of COVID-19.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 May 13;13(5). Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

COVID-19 is the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which first arose in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and has since been declared a pandemic. The clinical sequelae vary from mild, self-limiting upper respiratory infection symptoms to severe respiratory distress, acute cardiopulmonary arrest and death. Otolaryngologists around the globe have reported a significant number of mild or otherwise asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 presenting with olfactory dysfunction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2020-236080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7228456PMC

The First Descriptions of Dorsal Preservation Rhinoplasty in the 19th and Early- to Mid-20th Centuries and Relevance Today.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 May 13:145561320925572. Epub 2020 May 13.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: The basis of dorsal preservation rhinoplasty goes back to the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. In that era, pioneers such as Drs. Goodale, Lothrop, and Cottle were prominent surgeons who reported on this technique. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320925572DOI Listing

Achieving Predictable Hydraulic Sinus Condensing Using an Innovative Functional Sinus Implant: A Case Report.

Compend Contin Educ Dent 2020 May;41(5):278-283

President, Dental Implant Institute, Las Vegas, Nevada; Fellow and Diplomate, International Congress of Oral Implantologists.

Inadequate alveolar bone height/volume and sinus anatomy can complicate the predictable placement of conventional implants and subsequent restoration in posterior maxillary sites. A variety of sinus lift and vertical bone height augmentation materials and techniques have been utilized for this purpose; however, generally they are clinically challenging, demand well-trained surgical proficiency, and require the use of multiple armamentaria. Simultaneously, clinicians must meticulously handle the sinus membrane to achieve elevation without perforation, attain successful bone grafting, and ensure predictable implant osseointegration. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Side asymmetry in nasal resistance correlate with nasal obstruction severity in patients with septal deformities: Computational fluid dynamics study.

Clin Otolaryngol 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Laboratory for Anthropology, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between side asymmetry in nasal resistance (NR) and severity of the nasal airway obstruction (NAO) in patients with different types of nasal septal deformity (NSD).

Design: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study.

Setting: The study was conducted in a tertiary medical centre. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13563DOI Listing

High-Resolution Laryngeal US: Imaging Technique, Normal Anatomy, and Spectrum of Disease.

Radiographics 2020 May-Jun;40(3):775-790

From the Department of Imaging, University College London Hospitals, London, England (T.B., S.M.); Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, 330 Gray's Inn Road, Kings Cross, London WC1X 8DA, England (V.M.T.); and Serviço de Radiologia, Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, Lisbon, Portugal (M.H.).

Although US is one of the most used modalities for head and neck imaging, its use in the diagnosis of laryngeal abnormalities is much less widespread. The standard assessment of laryngeal abnormalities currently involves direct laryngoscopy and cross-sectional imaging (either CT or MRI) but rarely US. US is readily available, noninvasive, and radiation free, and it allows real-time imaging (with video for dynamic assessment), higher resolution than that of cross-sectional imaging, and the performance of targeted fine needle aspiration cytology or biopsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2020190160DOI Listing

Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of 1,420 European Patients with mild-to-moderate Coronavirus Disease 2019.

J Intern Med 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Human Anatomy and Experimental Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, UMONS Research Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, University of Mons (UMons), Mons, Belgium.

Background: The clinical presentation of European patients with mild-to-moderate Covid-19 infection is still unknown.

Objective: To study the clinical presentation of Covid-19 in Europe.

Methods: Patients with positive diagnosis of Covid-19 were recruited from 18 European hospitals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joim.13089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267446PMC

Neurological Insights of COVID-19 Pandemic.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2020 05 22;11(9):1206-1209. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Bioscience & Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur, NH 65, Surpura Bypass Road, Karwar, Jodhpur, Rajasthan 342037, India.

The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which was identified after a recent outbreak in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, has kept the whole world in tenterhooks due to its severe life-threatening nature of the infection. The virus is unlike its previous counterparts, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, or anything the world has encountered before both in terms of virulence and severity of the infection. If scientific reports relevant to the SARS-CoV-2 virus are noted, it can be seen that the virus owes much of its killer properties to its unique structure that has a stronger binding affinity with the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2) protein, which the viruses utilize as an entry point to gain accesses to its hosts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7179739PMC

Comparative pathogenesis of COVID-19, MERS, and SARS in a nonhuman primate model.

Science 2020 05 17;368(6494):1012-1015. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Viroscience, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

The current pandemic coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was recently identified in patients with an acute respiratory syndrome, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To compare its pathogenesis with that of previously emerging coronaviruses, we inoculated cynomolgus macaques with SARS-CoV-2 or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV and compared the pathology and virology with historical reports of SARS-CoV infections. In SARS-CoV-2-infected macaques, virus was excreted from nose and throat in the absence of clinical signs and detected in type I and II pneumocytes in foci of diffuse alveolar damage and in ciliated epithelial cells of nasal, bronchial, and bronchiolar mucosae. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.abb7314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164679PMC
May 2020
31.477 Impact Factor

Reversible Endoscopic Medial Maxillectomy: Endonasal Approach to Diseases of the Maxillary Sinus.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 27;24(2):e247-e252. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Otolaryngology and Neurosurgery, Albany Medical Center, Albany, NY, United States.

 The endoscopic access has reduced the morbidity associated with external approaches in diseases of the maxillary sinus. A reversible endoscopic medial maxillectomy (REMM) is presented as an alternative for treatment of benign maxillary diseases.  To describe the REMM technique and report four cases of patients with benign maxillary sinus conditions treated through this approach. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1701267DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7153922PMC

SARS-CoV-2: Olfaction, Brain Infection, and the Urgent Need for Clinical Samples Allowing Earlier Virus Detection.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2020 05 13;11(9):1200-1203. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

L. Rydygier Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Ul. CurieSklodowskiej 9, 85-94 Bydgoszcz, Poland.

The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus has very high infectivity, which allows it to spread rapidly around the world. Attempts at slowing the pandemic at this stage depend on the number and quality of diagnostic tests performed. We propose that the olfactory epithelium from the nasal cavity may be a more appropriate tissue for detection of SARS-CoV-2 virus at the earliest stages, prior to onset of symptoms or even in asymptomatic people, as compared to commonly used sputum or nasopharyngeal swabs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7160911PMC

Anthropometric Analysis of Nasolabial Region and Age-Related Changes in Adult Women.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Jun;31(4):1161-1165

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Şanliurfa, Turkey.

Purpose: The nasal and labial characteristics along with the other facial characteristics are different between races. The purpose of this study is to identify nasal and labial features of Turkish women by anthropometric measurements and indices besides to detect variances with aging.

Methods: The study was conducted with total 302 women volunteers whose ages were between 19 and 85. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006419DOI Listing

Illustrations in the Journal of Craniofacial Surgery.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 7. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul.

The aim of this study is to analyze the medical illustrations that appeared in the Journal of Craniofacial Surgery (JCFS) during the last 3 years (2016-2018).All illustrations in 2676 articles from 24 issues were analyzed.In total, 363 articles (13. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006371DOI Listing

Widespread receptor-driven modulation in peripheral olfactory coding.

Science 2020 04;368(6487)

Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University in the City of New York, New York, NY, 10027, USA.

Olfactory responses to single odors have been well characterized but in reality we are continually presented with complex mixtures of odors. We performed high-throughput analysis of single-cell responses to odor blends using Swept Confocally Aligned Planar Excitation (SCAPE) microscopy of intact mouse olfactory epithelium, imaging ~10,000 olfactory sensory neurons in parallel. In large numbers of responding cells, mixtures of odors did not elicit a simple sum of the responses to individual components of the blend. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaz5390DOI Listing

[Numerical simulation of intranasal airflow in nasal numerical models with nasal septum perforations of different locations and sizes].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Mar;55(3):209-216

Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China.

To investigate the effect of nasal septum perforation (SP) with different locations and sizes on nasal airflow by means of numerical simulation. Two healthy persons with normal nasal anatomy were enrolled in this study, including a 45 years old male (case 1) and a 36 years old female (case 2). Nasal CT data was used as the basis to create nasal airway numerical models of nasal SP with different locations (anterior caudal, central caudal, posterior caudal and anterior cranial) and sizes (diameter of 10 mm and 5 mm respectively). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2020.03.005DOI Listing

[Effects of simultaneous nasometer and nasopharyngeal fibroscopic examination on the value of nasalization rate in cleft palate patients].

Authors:
T Gao L Ma Y Luo Y G Sun

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Apr;55(4):249-252

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.

To evaluate the changes of nasalance when cleft palate patients examined using nasometer and nasopharyngeal fiberscopy simultaneously. A total of 33 cleft palate patients from August 2004 to August 2010 were examined by nasopharyngeal fiber endoscopy and nasometer simultaneously. The nasalance of 33 voice samples was compared under two situations only nasometer and nasometer with nasopharyngeal fiberscopy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112144-20190804-00298DOI Listing

What's in a synonym? A nose by any other name would smell.

Authors:
Paul E Neumann

Clin Anat 2020 Apr 6. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Medical Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Introduction: Communication in the biomedical sciences and clinical practice would be clearer if everyone used the same set of technical terms. Technical vocabularies, such as international standard terminologies, are attempts to avoid common linguistic problems, such as synonymy (many names for a single entity) and polysemy (many meanings for a single term).

Materials And Methods: Efforts made in human anatomical nomenclature since the late 19th century to deal with these issues were reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23600DOI Listing

SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 and TMPRSS2 are primarily expressed in bronchial transient secretory cells.

EMBO J 2020 05 14;39(10):e105114. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic affecting the human respiratory system severely challenges public health and urgently demands for increasing our understanding of COVID-19 pathogenesis, especially host factors facilitating virus infection and replication. SARS-CoV-2 was reported to enter cells via binding to ACE2, followed by its priming by TMPRSS2. Here, we investigate ACE2 and TMPRSS2 expression levels and their distribution across cell types in lung tissue (twelve donors, 39,778 cells) and in cells derived from subsegmental bronchial branches (four donors, 17,521 cells) by single nuclei and single cell RNA sequencing, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.15252/embj.20105114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232010PMC

Physiological changes in the size of the septal swell body correlate with changes in inferior turbinate size.

J Laryngol Otol 2020 Apr 3;134(4):323-327. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Objective: The nasal septal swell body is a normal anatomical structure located in the superior nasal septum anterior to the middle turbinate. However, the impact of the septal swell body in nasal breathing during normal function and disease remains unclear. This study aimed to establish that the septal swell body varies in size over time and correlates this with the natural variation of the inferior turbinates. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215120000675DOI Listing

Red-green-blue analysis of nasal mucosa discolouration in allergic rhinitis.

J Laryngol Otol 2020 Apr 2;134(4):332-337. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the colour values of nasal mucosa for the purpose of presenting an objective parameter of allergic rhinitis.

Methods: Seventy-three patients with allergic rhinitis (allergy group) and 73 normal healthy individuals (control group) were included in the study. Endoscopic examinations were conducted, and endoscopic photographs of the septum and both inferior turbinates were taken. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215120000572DOI Listing

An artificial intelligence algorithm that identifies middle turbinate pneumatisation (concha bullosa) on sinus computed tomography scans.

J Laryngol Otol 2020 Apr 1;134(4):328-331. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Westmead Hospital, Australia.

Objective: Convolutional neural networks are a subclass of deep learning or artificial intelligence that are predominantly used for image analysis and classification. This proof-of-concept study attempts to train a convolutional neural network algorithm that can reliably determine if the middle turbinate is pneumatised (concha bullosa) on coronal sinus computed tomography images.

Method: Consecutive high-resolution computed tomography scans of the paranasal sinuses were retrospectively collected between January 2016 and December 2018 at a tertiary rhinology hospital in Australia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215120000444DOI Listing

Minimally Invasive Management of Implant-Supported Rehabilitation in the Posterior Maxilla, Part II. Surgical Techniques and Decision Tree.

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2020 May/Jun;40(3):e95-e102

Insufficient crestal bone is a common feature encountered in the edentulous posterior maxilla due to atrophy of the alveolar ridge and maxillary sinus pneumatization. Numerous surgical techniques, grafting materials, and timing protocols have been proposed for implant-supported rehabilitation of posterior maxillae with limited bone height. In the majority of potential implant sites, residual bone height is less than 8 mm and the clinician has to select either a lateral or transcrestal sinus-elevation technique or placing short implants as the correct surgical option. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.11607/prd.4498DOI Listing

The Correlation between the Structures of the Nasal Tip on the Ultrasound and the Anthropometry of the Nose in Vietnamese.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Dec 15;7(24):4214-4219. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Institute for Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Danang, Vietnam.

Background: Nowadays, there are few types of research held in Vietnam to investigate the anthropometric index of the nose as well as analysis the structure of nasal tip on ultrasound to identify the relationship between these parameters.

Aim: To determine the relationship between the height and the width of the nasal tip and the structures constructed these areas by anthropometric and ultrasound measurement.

Methods: A descriptive study in Thanh Van Hospital from December 2017 to April 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.363DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7084011PMC
December 2019

Anatomic Features of Head and Neck Keratinocyte Cancer in Virginia.

Dermatol Surg 2020 Mar 18. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Departments of Oculoplastic Surger, and.

Background: Keratinocyte cancer (KC) patients benefit from early diagnosis. We describe here the anatomy of head/neck KCs to help guide screening efforts.

Objective: To examine lesion frequency and anatomic distribution of head and neck KC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000002370DOI Listing

Bat white-nose syndrome: A devastating epizootic in North America.

Rev Iberoam Micol 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Veterinary Mycology Group, Department of Animal Health and Anatomy, Veterinary School, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.riam.2020.01.003DOI Listing

The Nose and Nasal Breathing in Sleep Apnea.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2020 Jun 17;53(3):385-395. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 2233 Post Street, Box 1225, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA. Electronic address:

Assessment of the nose is critical in evaluating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) because the nose plays an important role in the physiology of sleep by regulating nasal airway resistance and stimulating ventilation. Nasal obstruction is common in sleep apnea, contributes to OSA, and interferes with tolerance of OSA treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or oral appliances. Medical treatment of nasal obstruction and rhinitis with nasal corticosteroid sprays is associated with improved OSA severity and sleep symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2020.02.002DOI Listing

Controversies in Cleft Rhinoplasty.

Facial Plast Surg 2020 Feb 19;36(1):102-111. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology -Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California.

Rhinoplasty for cleft lip nasal deformities challenges all cleft surgeons. There is great variability of phenotypical anatomy, but iatrogenic changes and scarring from the previous surgeries add another layer of complexity. Rhinoplasties on a patient with cleft lip-palate are technically and intellectually challenging to master requiring a patient-tailored approach. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1701477DOI Listing
February 2020

Nasal Obstruction after Mohs Surgery: Prevention and Correction.

Facial Plast Surg 2020 Feb 19;36(1):84-90. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor.

As rates of Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) have risen over recent decades in the setting of increased incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer, so too has the need for post-Mohs reconstruction. The nose is one of the most common sites of post-MMS nasal reconstruction and presents unique challenges that often require expertise in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. In addition to the aesthetic importance of the nose, preserving nasal function and preventing nasal obstruction are paramount to successful nasal reconstruction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1701481DOI Listing
February 2020

Osteotomies-When, Why, and How?

Facial Plast Surg 2020 Feb 19;36(1):57-65. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Penn Medicine Becker ENT, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

An ideal nasal osteotomy should deliver precise, predictable, and reproducible cosmetic and functional results while minimizing soft-tissue trauma and postoperative complications. In addition to closing an open roof deformity after hump reduction, other common indications for osteotomies include the crooked nose and a wide bony vault. The literature has reported numerous and diverse osteotomy techniques as well as differences in timing of osteotomies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1701478DOI Listing
February 2020
0.992 Impact Factor

The Pillars of the Nose-Crura Shortening for Over Projected Nose.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Dec 13;7(23):4036-4042. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

General Hospital "Remedika", Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.

Background: The over projected nose, commonly referred to as the "Pinocchio" nose is a significant challenge to the rhinoplasty surgeon. Firstly, we speak about a very large nose, and secondly, we speak about the correction of nasal cartilages (alar and triangular). Surgical correction of the over projected nose is the most difficult and least predictable component of rhinoplasty surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7061393PMC
December 2019

Extraoral anatomy in CBCT – a literature review. Part 3: Retromaxillary region

Swiss Dent J 2020 Mar;130(3):216-228

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Applied Oral Sciences and Community Dental Care, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China

In this review about extraoral anatomy as depicted by cone beam computed tomography, the retromaxillary region is discussed. A medium-sized (6 x 6 cm) or large (≥ 8 x 8 cm) field of view of the maxilla will inevitably depict the retromaxillary region that can be considered a «transition» zone between the viscerocranium and the neurocranium. Major structures of the region include the sphenoid bone and the pterygopalatine fossae. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Filler rhinoplasty based on anatomy: The dual plane technique.

Authors:
Gyu Sik Jung

JPRAS Open 2019 Jun 17;20:94-100. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

GLAD Plastic Surgery Clinic, 31 Dongsung-ro 5-gil, 3rd floor, Jung-gu, Daegu 41941, Republic of Korea.

Filler rhinoplasty is susceptible to spreading because of the way the nose protrudes away from the face. Often, the well-defined appearance immediately after the procedure is poorly maintained, and the nasion area develops a bulbous appearance. Therefore, I developed a "dual plane technique" to prevent spreading and to maintain the desired shape of the filler rhinoplasty. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpra.2019.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7061673PMC

Nasal columella reconstruction - A comprehensive review of the current techniques.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2020 May 21;73(5):815-827. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Otolaryngology, Heartlands Hospital, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

The nasal columella is often described as being one of the most difficult nasal subunits to reconstruct. There are a wide range of indications for columella reconstruction, with defects resulting from ischaemic injuries, trauma, tumour resection, vascular malformations and congenital agenesis/dysgenesis of nasal anatomy. There is a variety of columella reconstruction techniques reported in the literature, giving reconstructive surgeons options when approaching different columella defects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2020.01.016DOI Listing