915 results match your criteria North American journal of medical sciences[Journal]


Cryptosporidium parvum Infection Following Contact with Livestock.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):323-5

Duke Lifepoint Memorial Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA.

Context: Scours, or calf diarrhea, is an infectious gastrointestinal disease commonly found in the calves of dairy farms. It primarily presents with diarrhea that can be life threatening to the animal and is also contagious and threatening to the other livestock. Cryptosporidium is one of the major causes of scours and can be transmitted to humans via fecal-oral route, resulting in diarrheal illnesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187162DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982364PMC
July 2016
3 Reads

Acute Esophageal Necrosis: An Update.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):320-2

Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine, New York City, NY, USA.

Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) or "black esophagus" is a rare clinical entity with an unclear etiology. It is diagnosed at upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with the presence of strikingly black necrotic esophagus. The treatment is primarily medical, but the prognosis is generally poor due to advanced age and comorbid illnesses in patients who develop AEN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187159DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982363PMC
July 2016
6 Reads

Clostridium Difficile Infection and Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy: Is There a Relation?

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):316-9

Department of Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York City, New York, USA.

Context: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) mimics acute coronary syndrome and is accompanied by reversible left ventricular apical ballooning in the absence of angiographically significant coronary artery stenosis. It is a transient condition that typically precedes physical or emotional triggers.

Case Report: We describe the case of a 65-year-old woman who presented to our institution with symptomatic Clostridium difficile infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982362PMC
July 2016
4 Reads

Selective Serotonin-norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors-induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):312-5

Department of Cardiology, New York Medical College, St Joseph's Regional Medical Center, New Jersey, USA.

Context: Takotsubo translates to "octopus pot" in Japanese. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is characterized by a transient regional systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle. Catecholamine excess is the one most studied and favored theories explaining the pathophysiology of TTC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187153DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982361PMC
July 2016
3 Reads

Validation of PC-based Sound Card with Biopac for Digitalization of ECG Recording in Short-term HRV Analysis.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):307-11

Department of Physiology, Dr. A.L.M. PG IBMS Campus, University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is a simple and noninvasive technique capable of assessing autonomic nervous system modulation on heart rate (HR) in healthy as well as disease conditions. The aim of the present study was to compare (validate) the HRV using a temporal series of electrocardiograms (ECG) obtained by simple analog amplifier with PC-based sound card (audacity) and Biopac MP36 module.

Materials And Methods: Based on the inclusion criteria, 120 healthy participants, including 72 males and 48 females, participated in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982360PMC
July 2016
3 Reads

Thimerosal-containing Hepatitis B Vaccine Exposure is Highly Associated with Childhood Obesity: A Case-control Study Using the Vaccine Safety Datalink.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):297-306

Department of Research, Institute of Chronic Illnesses Inc., MD, USA; Department of Research, CoMeD, Inc., Silver Spring, MD, USA.

Background: Obesity among children and adolescents in the United States has tripled since 1980, and has become a major public health concern.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential relationship between exposure to organic mercury from Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccines and the children's subsequent risk of an obesity diagnosis.

Materials And Methods: A hypothesis-testing, case-control study was undertaken to evaluate exposure to organic mercury from Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccines, which were administered at specific intervals in the first 6 months of life, among cases diagnosed with childhood obesity and controls by examining automated medical records for children born from 1991 to 2000 who were continuously enrolled in the Vaccine Safety Datalink database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982359PMC
July 2016
5 Reads

The Effect of Renin-angiotensin System Inhibitors on Kidney Allograft Survival: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):291-6

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: The use of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors in patients with chronic kidney disease, and especially in diabetic kidney disease, has been shown to provide renoprotective effects and slow progression to end-stage renal disease. However, this protective effect in kidney transplant patient populations is unclear.

Aim: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of RAS inhibitors on kidney allograft survival. Read More

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http://www.najms.org/text.asp?2016/8/7/291/187141
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982358PMC
July 2016
7 Reads

Associations between Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and Lipids, Lipoprotein Cholesterols, and Homocysteine.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):284-90

The Cholesterol, Metabolism, and Thrombosis Center, Jewish Hospital of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background: Serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels are inversely associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, mediated in part by independent positive relationships with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and inverse relationships with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), triglyceride, and homocysteine.

Aims: In this study, we assessed relationships between fasting serum vitamin D and lipids, lipoprotein cholesterols, and homocysteine.

Materials And Methods: We studied 1534 patients sequentially referred to our center from 2007 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982357PMC
July 2016
13 Reads

The Evaluation of Syncope in a Predominantly Black Population: Focus on Neuroimaging.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):279-83

Department of Internal Medicine, Howard University Hospital, Washington DC, USA.

Background: Current guidelines do not support the routine use of computed tomography (CT) scan of the head in the diagnostic workup of syncope. There is a lack of research to support whether these guidelines apply to the Black population.

Aims: This study aims to evaluate the yield of neuroimaging in the evaluation of Syncope in a predominantly Black patient population and to test whether current guidelines based on studies conducted in other populations hold true in this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982356PMC
July 2016
6 Reads

The Usage of Social Networking Sites by Medical Students for Educational Purposes: A Meta-analysis and Systematic Review.

Authors:
Salman Y Guraya

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):268-78

Department of Surgery, Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Online social networking sites (SNSs) (e.g., Facebook, MySpace, Flickr, Twitter and YouTube) have emerged as rapidly growing mechanisms to exchange personal and professional information among university students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982355PMC
July 2016
13 Reads

Facial Palsy, a Disorder Belonging to Influential Neurological Dynasty: Review of Literature.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jul;8(7):263-7

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.

Facial paralysis is one of the common problem leading to facial deformation. Bell's palsy (BP) is defined as a lower motor neuron palsy of acute onset and idiopathic origin. BP is regarded as a benign common neurological disorder of unknown cause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.187130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4982354PMC
July 2016
10 Reads

Prosthetic Aortic Valve Endocarditis with Left Main Coronary Artery Embolism: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jun;8(6):259-62

Department of Medicine, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Context: Coronary embolization is potentially a fatal sequela of endocarditis. Although the primary cause of acute coronary syndrome is atherosclerotic disease, it is imperative to consider septic embolism as an etiological factor.

Case Report: Herein, we report a case of ventricular fibrillation and ST-segment depression myocardial infarction occurring in a patient who initially presented with fever and increased urinary frequency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4960937PMC
June 2016
33 Reads

Acute Rhabdomyolysis Following Synthetic Cannabinoid Ingestion.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jun;8(6):256-8

Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, GA, USA; Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Context: Novel psychoactive substances, including synthetic cannabinoids, are becoming increasingly popular, with more patients being seen in the emergency room following acute ingestion. These substances have been associated with a wide range of adverse effects. However, identification of complications, clinical toxicity, and management remain challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4960936PMC
June 2016
2 Reads

Acute Bowel Obstruction in a Giant Recurrent Right Bochdalek's Hernia: A Report of Complication on Both Sides of the Diaphragm.

Authors:
Hasan S Massloom

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jun;8(6):252-5

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Context: Diagnosis of congenital Bochdalek's hernia (BH) in adulthood is extremely rare and requires a fastidious surgical repair, the failure of which might result in a recurrence with severe complications. We report a rare case of a giant, right BH that recurred after surgical repair and was complicated with complete bowel obstruction.

Case Report: A 51-year-old Saudi male, with past surgical history of laparotomy that failed to repair BH, presented to the emergency room with severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and hypovolemic shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4960935PMC
June 2016
5 Reads

Effect of Statins on the Mortality of Bacteremic Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Clinical Trials.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jun;8(6):250-1

Department of Internal Medicine, Reading Health System, West Reading, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Statins modify inflammatory cell signaling during the immune response to infection. This has been considered as a pleotropic effect. Effects of statins in inflammatory conditions such as bacteremia have been found to be controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4960934PMC
June 2016
12 Reads

Cardiovascular Responses to an Isometric Handgrip Exercise in Females with Prehypertension.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jun;8(6):243-9

Department of Medical Physiology, AUA College of Medicine, Antigua and Barbuda.

Background: Hypertensive individuals are known to exhibit greater increases in blood pressure during an isometric handgrip exercise (IHE) than their normotensive counterparts.

Aim: This study tests the hypothesis that, compared to normotensive individuals, prehypertensive individuals exhibit an exaggerated response to IHE.

Materials And Methods: In this study, the effects of IHE were compared in matched prehypertensive vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4960933PMC
June 2016
11 Reads

Comparative Study of Efficacy and Safety of Topical Squaric Acid Dibutylester and Diphenylcyclopropenone for the Treatment of Alopecia Areata.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jun;8(6):237-42

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.

Background: Topical squaric acid dibutylester and diphenylcyclopropenone are still the most effective therapy for alopecia areata among widely available treatment options. Hence, it is important to know which one is more effective and safer between the two.

Aims: The aim of this study was to compare topical squaric acid dibutylester and diphenylcyclopropenone for the treatment of alopecia areata in terms of their efficacy and side effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4960932PMC
June 2016
5 Reads

Perspective of Postpartum Depression Theories: A Narrative Literature Review.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Jun;8(6):232-6

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Postpartum depression is the most prevalent emotional problem during a women's lifespan. Untreated postpartum depression may lead to several consequences such as child, infant, fetal, and maternal effects. The main purpose of this article is to briefly describe different theoretical perspectives of postpartum depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4960931PMC
June 2016
4 Reads

A Novel Way of Treating Multidrug-resistant Enterococci.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 May;8(5):229-31

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Context: Daptomycin is the only antibiotic available with in vitro bactericidal activity against vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Its increased use has resulted in cases of decreased daptomycin efficacy. Recent in vitro studies have shown effective use of beta (β)-lactam and daptomycin antibiotics, as a combination therapy, in the treatment of VRE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.183015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899964PMC
May 2016
3 Reads

Primary Adrenal Insufficiency Misdiagnosed as Hypothyroidism in a Patient with Polyglandular Syndrome.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 May;8(5):226-8

Department of Internal Medicine, Bassett Medical Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA.

Context: Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome is a rare condition that causes a variety of clinical symptoms due to autoimmune processes involving multiple endocrine organs. Its vague presentation can cause missed or delayed treatment for adrenal insufficiency, resulting in a life-threatening adrenal crisis.

Case Report: A 21-yr-old man presented with lethargy, hypotension, hyponatremia, hypoglycemia, and an elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.183014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899963PMC
May 2016
7 Reads

Cutaneous Metastasis as a First Presentation for Lung Adenocarcinoma.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 May;8(5):222-5

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA.

Context: According to the recent World Health Organization reports, lung cancer has become the most common type of malignancy and the leading cause of death from cancer. Lung cancer frequently metastasizes to hilar lymphnodes, brain, adrenal glands, bone, but rarely to skin.

Case Report: We report a case of a 72-year-old male with a past medical history of pulmonary fibrosis and no prior history of smoking who presented to the emergency room for progressive dyspnea over three weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.183010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899962PMC
May 2016
9 Reads

Histopathology and Histomorphometric Investigation of Bisphenol A and Nonylphenol on the Male Rat Reproductive System.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 May;8(5):215-21

Department of Cellular and Molecular, Biology Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: Bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) have harmful effects on the endocrine system of humans and animals.

Aim: We sought to investigate the effect of three doses of BPA and NP on the reproductive parameters of rats.

Materials And Methods: Adult Wistar male rats weighing 150-200 g were used for a consecutive 35-day study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.183012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899961PMC
May 2016
8 Reads
2 Citations

Coexistence of HER2, Ki67, and p53 in Osteosarcoma: A Strong Prognostic Factor.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 May;8(5):210-4

Azad Medical University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Many laboratories are currently evaluating the usefulness of the determination of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), p53, and Ki67 proliferation indices using immunohistochemical techniques in cancer. Although the available studies suggest that these factors might indeed be helpful in making treatment decisions in osteosarcoma patients, their clinical usefulness is still controversial.

Aims: We proposed to introduce the value of the coexistence of HER2 overexpression, p53 protein accumulation, and Ki67 in osteosarcoma, which could be a prognostic factor in osteosarcoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.183013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899960PMC
May 2016
14 Reads

Ultrasound-guided Central Line Insertion and Standard Peripherally Inserted Catheter Placement in Preterm Infants: Comparing Results from Prospective Study in a Single-center.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 May;8(5):205-9

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatalogy, Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, University of Balamand, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Among preterm infants, the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is the standard line for central venous access; however, its placement exposes them to hypothermia and pain. Ultrasound (US)-guided central line insertion may be less morbid than standard PICC line.

Aims: To determine the ease, success rate, and morbidity associated with US-guided central line insertion in the internal jugular vein (IJV) by comparing it to the standard PICC line placement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.183011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899959PMC
May 2016
4 Reads

The Role of Yoga in Relieving Medical Student Anxiety and Stress.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):202-4

Neuroscience Research Center, Faculty of Medical Sciences , Lebanese University , Beirut , Lebanon E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179963DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866480PMC
April 2016
14 Reads
1 Citation

Yoga: A Strategy to Cope up Stress and Enhance Wellbeing Among Medical Students.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):200-2

Assistant Professor, The School of Yoga and Naturopathic Medicine, Division of Yoga and Life Sciences , Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana , Bengaluru, Karnataka , India E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179962DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866479PMC
April 2016
3 Reads

Fusobacterium Nucleatum: Atypical Organism of Pyogenic Liver Abscess Might be Related to Sigmoid Diverticulitis.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):197-9

Department of Internal Medicine , Bassett Medical Center , Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York , USA.

Context: Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs) are the most common form of liver abscesses in the United States. Most cases are caused by enteric bacteria and anaerobes. We report a case of PLA caused by a rare pathogen, Fusobacterium nucleatum, from an unusual primary site of infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179961DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866478PMC
April 2016
10 Reads
1 Citation

Tocilizumab Efficacy in a Patient with Positive Anti-CCP Chronic Lyme Arthritis.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):194-6

Department of Medicine, Technion Institute of Technology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel; Department of Internal Medicine A, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Context: Lyme arthritis, a manifestation of tick-borne Lyme disease, can prove to be refractory to classic treatment.

Case Report: We present a case of a 48-year-old male, diagnosed with chronic Lyme arthritis, refractory to recurrent and prolonged courses of doxycycline, ceftriaxone, as well as hydroxychloroquine and methotrexate. The patient responded partially to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha blockade by etanercept and, finally, entered long-term remission after his treatment was switched to tocilizumab. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179960DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866477PMC
April 2016
9 Reads

Seasonal Variation of Rectal Foreign Bodies: Data from Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):191-3

Department of Internal Medicine , Reading Health System , West Reading, Pennsylvania , USA.

Background: Seasonality is noted in various aspects of human behavior and functioning which have led to an increasing interest in their seasonality in the recent years.

Aims: We aimed to examine the seasonal variation in the incidence of rectal foreign bodies in the US using a large inpatient database.

Methods: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database to identify patients aged ≥18 years admitted with a primary diagnosis of the rectal foreign body from 2009 to 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179959DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866476PMC
April 2016
17 Reads
1 Citation

Osteopathic Medical Student Administered Smoking Cessation Counseling is an Effective Tool.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):187-90

Department of Primary Care, Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine, New York, NY 10027, USA; Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Northwell Health, New Hyde Park, NY 11040, USA; Center for Heart and Lung Research, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA.

Background: Physician counseling on the risks of tobacco smoking and the benefits of cessation has been shown to be an effective method of increasing the rate of smoking cessation. Using the "Help Your Patients Quit Smoking: A Coaching Guide" also referred to as the "7A's of Smoking Cessation" guideline from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene is thought to be effective to convey the importance of smoking cessation.

Aim: To study the efficacy of the "7A's of Smoking Cessation" guideline counseling conducted by osteopathic medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866475PMC
April 2016
30 Reads

YouTube as a Source of Information on Cervical Cancer.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):183-6

Department of Internal Medicine , Abington Memorial Hospital , Abington, PA , USA.

Background: Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. Accurate information about cervical cancer to general public can lower the burden of the disease including its mortality.

Aims: We aimed to look at the quality of information available in YouTube for cervical cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866474PMC
April 2016
20 Reads
3 Citations

The California Tri-pull Taping Method in the Treatment of Shoulder Subluxation After Stroke: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):175-82

Department of Physiotherapy , Maharishi Markandeshwar University , Ambala, Haryana , India.

Background: Shoulder subluxation is a frequent occurrence in individuals following a stroke. Although various methods of treatment are available, none of them address all possible consequences of the subluxation pain, limited range of motion, the subluxation, and decreased functional use of the arm.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of California tri-pull taping (CTPT) method on shoulder subluxation, pain, active shoulder flexion, and upper limb functional recovery after stroke. Read More

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http://ajot.aota.org/data/Journals/AJOT/929910/727.pdf?resul
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http://www.najms.org/text.asp?2016/8/4/175/179933
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179933DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866473PMC
April 2016
6 Reads

Arrhythmias and Electrocardiographic Changes in Systolic Heart Failure.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Apr;8(4):171-4

Department of Medicine , Cardiology Division , Interfaith Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY , USA.

Background: Heart failure is a common condition that that leads to hospitalization. It is associated with various atrial and ventricular arrhythmias.

Aim: The aim of this study is to find common arrhythmias and electrocardiographic changes in hospitalized patients who have systolic heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179931DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866472PMC
April 2016
6 Reads

Patent Foramen Ovale and Migraine: Casual or Causal.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):169-70

Department of Accident and Emergency, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821098PMC
March 2016
3 Reads

Acute Severe Aortic Regurgitation: Imaging with Pathological Correlation.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):167-8

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Context: Acute aortic regurgitation (AR) is an important finding associated with a wide variety of disease processes. Its timely diagnosis is of utmost importance. Delay in diagnosis could prove fatal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821097PMC
March 2016
1 Read

Pancreaticoureteral Fistula: A Rare Complication of Chronic Pancreatitis.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):163-6

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, Paterson, New Jersey, USA.

Context: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition that may result in progressive parenchymal damage and fibrosis which can ultimately lead to destruction of pancreatic tissue. Fistulas to the pleura, peritoneum, pericardium, and peripancreatic organs may form as a complications of pancreatitis. This case report describes an exceedingly rare complication, pancreaticoureteral fistula (PUF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821096PMC
March 2016
24 Reads

Safety of 50,000-100,000 Units of Vitamin D3/Week in Vitamin D-Deficient, Hypercholesterolemic Patients with Reversible Statin Intolerance.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):156-62

Cholesterol, Metabolism, and Thrombosis Center, Jewish Hospital of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency (<32 ng/mL) is a reversible cause of statin-intolerance, usually requiring vitamin D3 (50,000-100,000 IU/week) to normalize serum D, allowing reinstitution of statins. Longitudinal safety assessment of serum vitamin D, calcium, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is important.

Aims: Prospectively assess the safety-efficacy of vitamin D3 therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821095PMC
March 2016
17 Reads

Periodic Acid-Schiff Staining Parallels the Immunoreactivity Seen By Direct Immunofluorescence in Autoimmune Skin Diseases.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):151-5

Department of Dermatopathology, Georgia Dermatopathology Associates, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Background: In many countries and laboratories, techniques such as direct immunofluorescence (DIF) are not available for the diagnosis of skin diseases. Thus, these laboratories are limited in the full diagnoses of autoimmune skin diseases, vasculitis, and rheumatologic diseases. In our experience with these diseases and the patient's skin biopsies, we have noted a positive correlation between periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and immunofluorescence patterns; however, these were just empiric observations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821094PMC
March 2016
13 Reads

Association of Low Levels of Vitamin D with Chronic Stable Angina: A Prospective Case-Control Study.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):143-50

Department of Internal Medicine, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of death and disability in developed countries. Chronic stable angina is the initial manifestation of CAD in approximately 50% of the patients. Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D is crucial for cardiovascular health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821093PMC
March 2016
13 Reads

Central Versus Peripheral Pulmonary Embolism: Analysis of the Impact on the Physiological Parameters and Long-term Survival.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):134-42

Department of Internal Medicine, Section A, Hospital Complex of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Background: Studies aimed at assessing whether the emboli lodged in the central pulmonary arteries carry a worse prognosis than more peripheral emboli have yielded controversial results.

Aims: To explore the impact on survival and long-term prognosis of central pulmonary embolism.

Patients And Methods: Consecutive patients diagnosed with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism by means of computed tomography (CT) angiography were evaluated at episode index and traced through the computed system of clinical recording and following-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821092PMC
March 2016
3 Reads

Burden Among Caregivers of Children Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in North India.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):129-33

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India.

Background: Due to wider access to and free antiretroviral therapy (ART) program, the number of children dying due to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related causes has declined and the nature and duration of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS caregiving has also dramatically altered. The care of children living with HIV/AIDS (CLHA) places a significant additional burden on the caregivers.

Aims: This study was conducted to assess the perceived burden among caregivers of children living with HIV in North India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821091PMC
March 2016
10 Reads

Zika Virus: A Global Threat to Humanity: A Comprehensive Review and Current Developments.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;8(3):123-8

Consultant Physician, NMB Diagnostics, Serampore, Hooghly, West Bengal, India.

At present, one of greatest concerns of medical personnel is Zika virus (ZIKV). Though it has been reported for quite a long time, its rapid emergence, new modes of transmission, and more importantly, the congenital anomalies associated with it have made the situation worse. It was first detected in 1947. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.179112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821090PMC
March 2016
10 Reads
5 Citations

Right Bundle Branch Block: A Masquerader in Acute Coronary Syndrome.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):121-2

Department of Cardiology, LPS Institute of Cardiology, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial (GSVM) Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.177347DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791900PMC
February 2016
6 Reads

Drug-Induced Pancreatitis: A Rare Manifestation of Doxycycline Administration.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):117-20

Department of Medicine, Mayo Hospital, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Context: Drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) is rare, but as there are no systematic data on it, the true incidence is not known. Although numerous and varied drugs have been associated with DIP, the clinical evidence on doxycycline-induced pancreatitis is sparse.

Case Report: We present the case of a 58-year-old female who presented with complaints of nausea and severe epigastric pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.174348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791899PMC
February 2016
4 Reads

A Rare Case of Single Coronary Artery with Atherosclerotic Lesions Arising from the Right Sinus of Valsalva.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):114-6

Department of Radiology, Campus Mitte, Charité - University Hospital, Berlin, Germany.

Context: Congenital coronary anomalies, including anomalous origin, distribution, intercoronary communications, and coronary fistulae occur at a rate of approximately 1% in the general population and are the most incidental findings.

Case Report: A 49-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with exercise-induced dyspnea and atypical angina pectoris. Coronary angiography (CAG) and contrast-enhanced 320-slice multidetector cardiac computed tomography with subsequent three-dimensional reconstructions revealed a single coronary artery (SCA) arising from the right sinus of Valsalva with a proximal branch giving rise to the left anterior descending coronary artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.177345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791898PMC
February 2016
7 Reads

Evaluation Series on Safety and Efficacy of Nutritional Supplements in Newly Diagnosed Hyperglycemia: A Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Study.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):106-13

I5 Clinical Research Pvt. Ltd, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Diabetes is endemic with developing economies contributing to the bulk of this pandemic. Despite the evidence of incremental benefit of glycemic control starting early in life, acceptance of and adherence to modern medications remain suboptimal.

Aims: To determine the hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)-lowering efficacy and safety of nutritional supplement, PreCrea(®), in adult Indians with newly diagnosed hyperglycemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.177320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791897PMC
February 2016
6 Reads

Can Radiology Play a Role in Early Diagnosis of Dengue Fever?

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):100-5

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Dengue fever (DF) is a viral hemorrhagic fever causing severe morbidity and mortality in affected patients.

Aims: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the changing trends in radiological findings in DF, to find if ultrasound is useful in the diagnosis of DF during an epidemic in absence of serological tests, and also to investigate the effects of DF in pregnancy.

Materials And Methods: A prospective study was conducted in 2013 comprising of 400 patients who were serologically positive for dengue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.177316DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791896PMC
February 2016
8 Reads

A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study to Compare Preemptive Analgesic Efficacy of Novel Antiepileptic Agent Lamotrigine in Patients Undergoing Major Surgeries.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):93-9

Department of Anesthesia, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Background: If postoperative acute pain remains unrelieved, it may result in significant morbidity and mortality. Preemptive analgesic initiated before surgery offers premature analgesia even before exposure to an initial noxious stimulus bestowing effective postoperative analgesia. In developed countries, it is regularly practiced as a part of well-defined protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.177315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791905PMC
February 2016
8 Reads
1 Citation

Addition of Selenium Improves Immunomodulative Effects of Glucan.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):88-92

Department of Pathology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Background: Selenium (Se) is an established essential nutrient that plays a role in various biological processes including cancer development. Similarly, stimulation of immune reactions by β-glucans is well-documented.

Aims: In the current study, we focused on the stimulation of phagocytosis and interleukin (IL)-2 production and on potentiation of anticancer immunity by a combination of glucan with two types of Se. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.177311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791904PMC
February 2016
3 Reads

Differences in Severity and Outcomes Between Hypertriglyceridemia and Alcohol-Induced Pancreatitis.

N Am J Med Sci 2016 Feb;8(2):82-7

Department of Internal Medicine, The Medical Center, Navicent Health and Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia, USA.

Background: Alcohol and hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) are among the most common causes of acute pancreatitis (AP) after gallstones. However, differences in severity at the time of presentation and outcomes have not been well-studied.

Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the differences between severity at presentation and outcomes of AP of hypertriglyceridemic and alcoholic origins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.177307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4791903PMC
February 2016
4 Reads