1,865 results match your criteria Nordic Journal of Psychiatry[Journal]


Is the Cool Kids programme working in outpatient psychiatric clinics? A Danish naturalistic effectiveness study.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 15:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

a Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Southern Jutland , Aabenraa , Denmark.

Background & Aim: This study investigates the effectiveness of the Cool Kids programme in two outpatient psychiatric clinics for children with anxiety. Efficacy studies find that 60-80% of programme completers improve. It is unclear if the intervention is as effective in real-life clinical treatment, as only one previous Danish effectiveness study has ever been conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2019.1574893DOI Listing
February 2019

The Hawthorne effect as a pre-placebo expectation in Parkinsons disease patients participating in a randomized placebo-controlled clinical study.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Aug;72(6):442-446

b Psychiatric Research Unit , Psychiatric Centre North Zealand, University of Copenhagen , Hillerød , Denmark.

Background: The Hawthorne effect on clinical studies in Parkinson's disease has not been thoroughly investigated. Evidently the Hawthorne effect may have impact on study outcomes acting as a 'pre-placebo' effect in the recruitment phase, hence before inclusion.

Aim: The aim of this study was to discuss the Hawthorne effect in relation to clinical and self-reported outcome measures in a randomized clinical study in the recruitment phase and during the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1468480DOI Listing

Overview of measurement-based positive psychiatry.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Aug;72(6):396-403

a Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , CA , USA.

Background: Psychiatry has traditionally focused on studying psychopathology and treating mental illnesses to relieve symptoms and prevent relapse. Positive psychiatry seeks to expand the scope of psychiatry to broader aspects of mental health and well-being among individuals with or without mental illnesses. Positive psychosocial factors such as well-being, resilience, optimism, wisdom, and social support are central to positive psychiatry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1459834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373474PMC

Transcultural aspects of eating disorders and body image disturbance.

Authors:
Julian M Stern

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep;72(sup1):S23-S26

a Tavistock Centre , London , UK.

Background: Unlike the majority of 'culture-bound syndromes', eating disorders are one of the few mental disorders initially conceptualized as 'culture-bound' to North America/Europe. Social norms vary massively within cultures-class, ethnicity and gender. Over time there have been substantial changes in body shape preferences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525642DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Ethnopharmacology.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep;72(sup1):S30-S32

c Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Psychiatry , Sunderby Research Unit, Umeå University , Umeå , Sweden.

Background: Ethnopharmacology relates to the study of substances used medicinally by different ethnic or cultural groups or handling of, drugs-based ethnicity or pharmacogenetics.

Aims: To review the key aspects of ethnopharmacology.

Method: This lecture gives an overview of the relationship between geography, culture, pharmacogenomics and prescribing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525636DOI Listing
September 2018

Placebo and cultural responses.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep;72(sup1):S33-S35

a Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine , University of Foggia , Foggia , Italy.

Background: Features of placebo response in medicine have been forgotten and ignored over the last decade.

Aim: To explore why patients do get better with placebo despite its perceived inertness.

Methods: This lecture reviews the relation between illness perception, psychopharmacology and culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525637DOI Listing
September 2018

Clinical challenges in cultural psychiatry - searching for meaning, searching for methods.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep;72(sup1):S9-S12

b Transcultural Centre, Stockholm County Council , Stockholm , Sweden.

Background: Mental health services in Sweden are confronted with globalization and refugee migration from conflict- and war-torn countries.

Aim: To discuss how clinicians in Sweden can deal with a series of challenges in a changing globalized society, ranging from difficulties of overcoming barriers to help seeking to difficulties of identifying trauma and finding culturally adapted clinical tools.

Method: Case vignettes are presented to exemplify challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525648DOI Listing
September 2018

Reducing the stigma of long acting injectable antipsychotics - current concepts and future developments.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep;72(sup1):S36-S39

d Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Psychiatry, Sunderby Research Unit , Umeå University , Umeå , Sweden.

Background: Long acting injectable antipsychotics (LAI-APs) are considered a major advance in psychiatric treatment concerning treatment adherence and outcomes. Yet, both, doctors and patients remain sceptical.

Aim: To explain the rationale for using LAI-APs, review their effectiveness and explore barriers to use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525638DOI Listing
September 2018

Sleep quality problems three decades post-disaster.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 21:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

b Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health Sciences , Oslo Metropolitan University , Oslo , Norway.

Study Objectives: Sleep quality problems are a core feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aims of this study were to describe and evaluate possible differences regarding sleep quality problems and hyperarousal symptoms between exposed and unexposed survivors after an avalanche. Further, we wanted to describe any association between avalanche exposure and survivors' self-reported sleep quality problems and posttraumatic stress (disorder) symptoms with and without hyperarousal symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1563214DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Association between prescribed antidepressants and other prescribed drugs differ by gender: a nationwide register-based study in Sweden.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 19:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

a Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences , University of Gävle , Gävle , Sweden.

Background: People with depression are prescribed more drugs than people in general, partly due to comorbidity with other conditions. However, little research has been done on depression-related drug use from a gender perspective.

Aim: Examine the association between antidepressants, other types of prescribed drugs, and polypharmacy, by gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1536766DOI Listing
January 2019

Analysis of Lithuanian CYP2D6 polymorphism and its relevance to psychiatric care of the local population.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 19:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

c Department of Human and Medical Genetics , Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Centre for Medical Genetics , Vilnius , Lithuania.

Background: CYP450 system gene CYP2D6 polymorphisms have been associated with an altered response to psychotropic drugs. While there exists interindividual and interethnic differences of clinical significance, there is no data concerning the Lithuanian population.

Aims: To determine the distribution of CYP2D6 alleles and predicted phenotype in the Lithuanian population, compare it to other Europeans and find the differences between patients with affective disorders and the healthy population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1548648DOI Listing
January 2019

Correlation of metabolic parameters, neurotrophin-3, and neurotrophin-4 serum levels in women with schizophrenia and first-onset depression.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 17:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Psychiatric Genetics Unit, Department of Psychiatry , Poznan University of Medical Sciences , Poznan , Poland.

Background: Neurotrophin-3 (NTF3) and neurotrophin-4 (NTF4) play a crucial role in the neurodevelopment, differentiation, survival, and protection of neurons in different brain regions. Schizophrenia and depression are highly associated with metabolic abnormalities. Longitudinal and cross-sectional comparisons of NTF3 and NTF4 levels, as well as clinical and metabolic parameters, were studied in schizophrenia, first-episode depression, and control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1563213DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Caregiver distress in schizophrenia and mood disorders: the role of illness-related stressors and caregiver-related factors.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 12:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

a Department of Psychiatry , Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) , Chandigarh , India.

Background: Studies using the stress-appraisal-coping model to examine caregiving in schizophrenia and mood disorders are limited.

Aim: This study attempted to examine psychological distress among caregivers of persons with schizophrenia and mood disorders using the framework of the stress-coping theory. The impact of illness-related stressors and caregiver-related factors on caregiver-distress was also explored. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1561945DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Do patients with high-functioning autism have similar social cognitive deficits as patients with a chronic cause of schizophrenia?

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 14:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Psychosis Research Unit Aarhus University Hospital Risskov , Risskov , Denmark.

Objective: There is substantial evidence that both patients with schizophrenia and patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have impaired social cognition including theory of mind (ToM) deficits. However, it remains unclear if both verbal (explicit) and non-verbal (implicit) ToM as well as social perception are similarly affected in both disorders.

Methods: Twenty-one patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 11 patients diagnosed with ASD were matched one-to-one to healthy controls based on gender, age, and educational level. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1554697DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Opioid maintenance treatment: trajectories in and out of treatment.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 12:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

b b Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, Department of Social Work , Jönköping , Sweden.

Problem: Although efficacy studies of opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) have shown evidence of treatment benefits, there is still need for studies on its effectiveness in natural clinical processes. This study investigates the development in health, substance use and social conditions of those who applied for OMT, including those denied access or discharged.

Method: First, persons assessed for admittance in 2005-2011 (n = 127) were categorized into four trajectory groups based on whether they were admitted or denied (n = 19), discharged (n = 31), readmitted (n = 21) or had been undergoing OMT without interruption (n = 56). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1539120DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Addressing organizational barriers to continuity of care in the Danish mental health system - a comparative analysis of 14 national intervention projects.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 14:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Background: Continuity of mental health care is central to improve the conditions of people with enduring mental disorders. In Denmark, several government-funded projects on the improvement of continuity of mental health care have been initiated since 2009.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate how national intervention projects on continuity of mental health care have addressed major barriers for continuity of care and extract general learning points from the projects on the improvement of continuity of care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1551929DOI Listing
January 2019

Psychometric analysis of the Swedish panic disorder severity scale and its self-report version.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 14:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Department of Psychology , Lund University , Lund , SE , Sweden.

Background: Panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia (PDA or PD, respectively), is a major public health problem. After having established a PD diagnosis based on the DSM or the ICD systems, the Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is the most widely used interview-based instrument for assessing disorder severity. There is also a self-report version of the instrument (PDSS-SR); both exist in a Swedish translation but their psychometric properties remain untested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1554699DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Abnormalities in P300 components in depression: an ERP-sLORETA study.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 12:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

a Department of Psychiatry , Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University , Wuhan , China.

Background: Alterations in P300 components occur in depressed patients, but the brain regions contributing to these changes remain unclear.

Aims: Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the underlying neural activation of P300 components in patients with depression to explore brain regions related to depression.

Methods: P300 components were evoked by an oddball auditory paradigm and recorded from 30 patients with current depression, as well as 30 age-, gender-, and education level-matched healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1478991DOI Listing
January 2019

Assessing the relationship between attachment, parental attitude and plasma oxytocin in schizophrenia patients and their unaffected siblings.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 14:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

e Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine , Celal Bayar University , Manisa , Turkey.

Background: It is widely acknowledged that schizophrenia patients tend to have insecure attachment styles and improper parenting. However, the biological processes related to these adversities remain unclear and that the disturbance in oxytocin system is considered as one of the strongest predictors of such adversities.

Methods: Thirty-four patients with schizophrenia and their unaffected thirty-four healthy siblings were recruited for the study and they were compared with thirty-one healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1554698DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Background, experience of abuse, and mental health among adolescents in out-of-home care: a cross-sectional study of a Swedish high school national sample.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 18:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

a Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine , Linköping University , Linköping , Sweden.

Purpose: To compare experiences for adverse events, especially sexual abuse, and mental health in a group of high school students in out-of-home care with a representative sample of peers of the same age and similar educational attainment living with their parents.

Materials And Methods: A sample of 5839 students in the third year of Swedish high school, corresponding to a response rate of 59.7%, answered a study specific questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1527397DOI Listing
December 2018

Conference proceedings of the 4th Masterclass Psychiatry: Transcultural Psychiatry - Diagnostics and Treatment, Luleå, Sweden, 22-23 February 2018 (Region Norrbotten in collaboration with the Maudsley Hospital and Tavistock Clinic London).

Authors:
Ursula Werneke

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 14:1-33. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Psychiatry, Sunderby Research Unit , Umeå University , Umeå , Sweden.

Background: According to estimates from the European Commission, Europe has experienced the greatest mass movement of people since the Second World War. More than one million refugees and migrants have arrived in the European Union in the past few years. Mental health and primary care professionals are more likely than ever to meet patients from different cultures and backgrounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1481525DOI Listing
December 2018

Trainee editorial: psychiatry should be taught from day one in medical school.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 7;72(sup1):S3-S4. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

a Sunderby Research Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Psychiatry , Umeå University , 97180 Luleå , Umeå , Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525646DOI Listing
September 2018

Incidence of cardiovascular diseases and type-2-diabetes mellitus in patients with psychiatric disorders.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 4;72(7):455-461. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

b Paris Cardiovascular Research Centre , University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité , Paris , France.

Objective: To assess the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and type-2-diabetes in patients with psychiatric disorders.

Methods: A population-based study was conducted using the Swedish national health registries. Patients were identified from the Electronic Medical Records (EMR) in 20 primary care centers and were categorized in four diagnosis cohorts according to their first psychiatric diagnosis: bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, or other mood disorder. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1463392DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Shame, culture and mental health.

Authors:
Jessica Yakeley

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 29;72(sup1):S20-S22. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

a Portman Clinic, Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust , London , UK.

Background: Shame is a powerful negative emotion, associated with many mental disorders, both as an aetiological factor and as a consequence affecting symptoms, psychological defences and therapeutic outcomes.

Aim: To summarise some of the findings to date regarding cultural influences on the role of shame within mental disorders.

Methods: This lecture explores the concept of shame and its impact on mental disorders from a transcultural perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525641DOI Listing
September 2018

Delusion, possession and religion.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 29;72(sup1):S13-S15. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

b Department of Psychosis Studies , King's College , London , UK.

Background: Religion and psychiatry may be both considered to be two different ways of explaining the unknown, of responding to questions about the meaning of life, and of bringing healing.

Aims: To discuss the border between religion and psychiatry.

Method: This lecture explores the interface between religion and psychiatry and discusses the border between soul and mind. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525639DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

The clinical role of well-being therapy.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 16;72(6):447-453. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a Department of Psychology , University of Bologna , Bologna , Italy.

Purpose: There are several clinical areas where psychological well-being may play an important role: the assessment of the dynamic balance between ill-being and well-being; reduction of incidence, prevention of recurrence and achievement of full recovery in psychiatric disorders such as depression; patient's satisfaction and perceived change after treatment. The aim of this article is to discuss the clinical role of Well-Being Therapy (WBT).

Materials And Methods: A critical review of the literature concerned with psychological well-being and its treatment was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1492013DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Genetic association study of CSNK1E gene in bipolar disorder and circadian characteristics.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 16;72(8):599-604. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a Department of Neuropsychiatry , Eulji University School of Medicine , Daegeon , Korea.

Background: A circadian rhythm disturbance is one of the essential components of the phenotype of bipolar disorder. It has been reported that casein kinase 1 epsilon (CSNK1E), a member of the clock gene family, is associated with psychiatric phenotypes.

Objectives: We performed a genetic association study to determine the genetic role of CSNK1E in bipolar disorder and circadian rhythm disturbances in the Korean population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1509125DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Outcome of neuropsychiatric symptoms and daily functioning of patients with dementia treated on an acute psychogeriatric ward.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 16;72(7):521-525. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

b Department of Psychiatry , Tampere University Hospital , Pitkäniemi , Finland.

Background: Dementia is associated with progressive deterioration in multiple cognitive domains, functional impairment and neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS).

Aims: The aim of this study was to explore the factors associated with the outcome of NPS and daily functioning in patients with dementia during acute psychogeriatric hospitalization.

Materials And Method: The data (n = 175) were collected between 2009 and 2013 in naturalistic settings on one acute psychogeriatric ward at one university hospital in Finland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1532021DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Decreased serum magnesium levels in depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 16;72(7):534-541. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

b Department of Psychiatry , Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine , Incheon , Republic of Korea.

Background: Magnesium (Mg), an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, has received increased attention recently because of its role in the pathophysiology of and treatment response in depression. However, whether Mg level is decreased in depression is not firmly established. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to help making consensus for the association between Mg levels and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1538388DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Self-reported treatment adherence among psychiatric in- and outpatients.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 16;72(7):526-533. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

d Department of Psychiatry , Institute of Clinical Medicine , Helsinki , Finland.

Background: Poor adherence to psychiatric treatment is a common clinical problem, leading to unfavourable treatment outcome and increased healthcare costs.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported adherence and attitudes to outpatient visits and pharmacotherapy in specialized care psychiatric patients.

Methods: Within the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium (HUPC) pilot study, in- and outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (SSA, n  =  113), bipolar disorder (BD, n  =  99), or depressive disorder (DD, n  =  188) were surveyed about their adherence and attitudes towards outpatient visits and pharmacotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1538387DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Per Bech 12.1.1942-9.5.2018 In Memoriam.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 1;72(6):395. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

d Psychiatric Centre Copenhagen and Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1492018DOI Listing

Psychometric validation of a Danish version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire - Child Version (OBQ-CV).

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 1;72(8):621-629. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

a Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital , Psychiatry , Aarhus , Denmark.

Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the psychometric properties of a Danish version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire - Child Version (OBQ-CV). The OBQ-CV assesses dysfunctional beliefs concerning responsibility/threat estimation, perfectionism/uncertainty, and importance/control of thoughts, which according to cognitive theories are important in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Methods: The study included a pediatric sample (age 7-17 years) consisting of 57 children and adolescents with OCD, 49 children and adolescents with an anxiety disorder (AD), and 58 typically developing (TD) children and adolescents without a psychiatric diagnosis. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1513068DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Toxoplasma gondii - obsessive -compulsive disorder relationship: is it different in children?

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 1;72(7):501-505. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

d Department of Parasitology , Inonu University Medical Faculty , Malatya , Turkey.

Background And Aim: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common neuropsychiatric illness. Although the etiology of OCD is still unknown, recent investigations have associated development of OCD with infectious illness. Toxoplasma gondii (T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1514421DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Personal recovery within positive psychiatry.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 1;72(6):420-430. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

c Department of Community Mental Health , University of Haifa , Haifa , Israel.

Background: One goal within positive psychiatry is to support the personal recovery of persons with mental illness and providing opportunities for well-being.

Aim: The current article aims to introduce readers to the concept of personal recovery and the potential and importance of recovery-oriented services and measures.

Methods: A literature review was conducted to help consider the domains of 'personal recovery', 'recovery-oriented services/interventions', and 'measures'. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1492015DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Changes in prevalence and correlates of alcohol-use disorders in Finland in an 11-year follow-up.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 1;72(7):512-520. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

a Department of Public Health Solutions , National Institute for Health and Welfare , Helsinki , Finland.

Aims: This study aimed to examine changes in prevalence and correlates of alcohol-use disorders (AUD) between 2000 and 2011. We also explored the impact of using multiple imputation on prevalence estimates, to address survey nonresponse.

Methods: The study used a Finnish nationally representative survey of adults aged 30 years and older in 2000 and in 2011. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525427DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Radicalisation and mental health.

Authors:
Kamaldeep Bhui

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 1;72(sup1):S16-S19. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

a Professor of Cultural Psychiatry & Epidemiology, Barts & The London School of Medicine and Dentistry , Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Queen Mary University of London , London , UK.

Background: Although radicalisation is invoked to explain how people become terrorists, there is little empirical evidence.

Aims: To set out the approaches to understand radicalisation, ethical and definitional issues, and how public health approaches may help.

Methods: A non-systematic narrative review. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525640DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Sexual variation and mental health.

Authors:
Dinesh Bhugra

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 1;72(sup1):S27-S29. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

a Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London , London , UK.

Background: Cultures play a significant role not only in the causation and management of emotional distress and psychiatric disorders but also in sexual variation and attitudes towards sexual minority groups.

Aim: To discuss the potential impact of culture on sexual minorities.

Method: This lecture reviews the relation between sexuality, culture and mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525643DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Culture makes a person.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 31;72(sup1):S1-S2. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

b Emeritus Professor of Mental Health and Cultural Diversity , Kings College , London , UK.

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525645DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Cultural neuroscience: ideas worth knowing.

Authors:
Kamaldeep Bhui

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 31;72(sup1):S5-S8. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

a Barts & The London School of Medicine and Dentistry , Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Queen Mary University of London , London , UK.

Background: Neuroscience is now promising significant advances in medical practice, such that it can improve the art and science of personalized medicine. A new discipline of cultural neuroscience is now forming, and few clinicians, researchers or educators are aware of it.

Aims: To set out a brief synopsis of cultural neuroscience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1525647DOI Listing
September 2018

Remission rate of transcranial magnetic stimulation compared with electroconvulsive therapy: a case-control study.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 25;72(7):471-476. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

b School of Medical Sciences , University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University , Sweden.

Purpose: To compare the rate of remission, rate of response, change in depressive symptoms, and adverse effects between repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, 35 patients treated for depression with rTMS (left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, 90% observed motor threshold, 10 Hz, 2000 pulses/session, 15 sessions) at Örebro University Hospital, Sweden (cases), were compared with a matched group of 35 patients treated for depression with ECT (controls). Data on controls were obtained from the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT (Q-ECT). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1481998DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Bifrontal active and sham rTMS in treatment-resistant unipolar major depression.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 23;72(8):586-592. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Department of Psychiatry , Kuopio University Hospital , Kuopio , Finland.

Background And Aim: Prevention of the recurrence of major depression and its residual symptoms requires effective treatment. Our aim was to study the effects of bifrontal active rTMS controlled by sham rTMS in treatment-resistant unipolar major depressive disorder (MDD).

Methods: Thirty-seven patients with treatment-resistant MDD were randomized into two groups. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1500640DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Constipation, ileus and medication use during clozapine treatment in patients with schizophrenia in Iceland.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 22;72(7):497-500. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

a Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences , University of Reykjavik, Iceland.

Purpose of the article: Clozapine is the only evidence based treatment for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Constipation is a well known side effect of clozapine treatment. The aims of this study are to describe the prevalence of constipation and ileus during clozapine treatment of patients with schizophrenia in Iceland and to assess the concomitant use of medication that can cause constipation, and laxatives used to treat constipation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1517189DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Elderly alcoholics compared to middle-aged alcoholics in outpatient treatment - 6-month follow-up.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 23;72(7):506-511. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Unit of Clinical Alcohol Research, Department of Psychiatry Odense , University Hospital , Odense , Denmark.

Purpose: This study examined 6-month drinking outcomes of elderly patients compared with middle-aged patients in a clinical sample after initiation of outpatient treatment for alcoholism.

Materials And Methods: In a clinical prospective cohort study, 1398 consecutive patients from a municipality outpatient alcohol clinic were included. A total of 208 elderly patients aged from 60 to 82 years and 1190 middle-aged patients from 40 to 59 years participated in the study. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1522373DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Extreme challenges: psychiatric inpatients with severe self-harming behavior in Norway: a national screening investigation.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 23;72(8):605-612. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Section for Personality Psychiatry , Oslo University Hospital , Oslo , Norway.

Background: Extreme self-harming behavior is a major challenge for patients and health services. Nevertheless, this patient population is poorly described in research literature.

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the volume of patients with extensive psychiatric hospitalization due to extreme self-harming behaviors, the extent of severe medical sequelae, and collaboration problems within health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1511751DOI Listing
November 2018

The impact of modified mania assessment scale (MAS-M) implementation on the use of mechanical restraint in psychiatric units.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 23;72(8):549-555. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

b Department of Psychiatry , Psychiatry in the Region of Southern Denmark , Odense , Denmark.

Background And Aim: During recent years, there has been an increased focus on reducing use of mechanical restraint in psychiatric care. Studies show that implementing an assessment tool could potentially prevent or decrease the number of episodes of mechanical restraint. This study aims to examine the association between use of the Danish assessment tool for psychiatric inpatients diagnosed with mania (MAS-M) and mechanical restraint to highlight if number, type, and duration of restraint could be prevented or reduced by this procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1490816DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Sleep problems and mental health among young Norwegian adolescents.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 9;72(8):578-585. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

c Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Nursing and Health Sciences , University of Southeast Norway , Porsgrunn , Norway.

Purpose: The present study investigated the associations between the aspects of sleep problems and mental health in Norwegian young adolescents.

Materials And Methods: Adolescents (12-13 years) were recruited from the primary schools in Telemark County, Norway. Sleep related problems were assessed by asking parents three questions related to their childrens' sleep quality, sleep sufficiency, and daytime sleepiness. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039488.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1499043DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Standardization and cross-cultural comparisons of the Swedish Conners 3 rating scales.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 29;72(8):613-620. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

c Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Department of Women's and Children's Health , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

Purpose: The Conners Rating Scales are widely used in research and clinical practice for measuring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and associated problem behaviors, but country-specific norms are seldom collected. The current study presents the standardization of the Swedish Conners 3 Rating Scales. In addition, we compared the Swedish norms to those collected in the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1513067DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Nine deaths among 29 patients with severe mental illness identified with high mortality using SSEPP.

Nord J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 27;72(8):543-548. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

a Region Hovedstadens Psykiatri , Psychiatric Department Hvidovre , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Purpose: It is an established consensus that patients suffering from Severe Mental Illness (SMI) often have somatic comorbidities and a shortened life expectancy. In this study, we examine to what extent previously unknown comorbidities can be revealed if patients suffering from SMI are examined by a specialist in general medicine using the new clinical tool of Systematic Somatic Examinations of Psychiatric Patients (SSEPP).

Methods: SSEPP is a detailed, in-depth questioning and clinical evaluation performed by a specialist in General medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2018.1489893DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads