J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 Jan 5;35(1):310-322. Epub 2019 Dec 5.
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL; Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL; Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL.
Today, proficiency in cardiopulmonary ultrasound is considered essential for anesthesiologists and critical care physicians. Conventional 2-dimensional images, however, do not permit optimal characterization of specific conditions (eg, diaphragmatic paralysis, major atelectasis, and pneumothorax) that may have relevant clinical implications in critical care and perioperative settings. By contrast, M-mode (motion-based) ultrasonographic imaging modality offers the highest temporal resolution in ultrasonography; this modality, therefore, can provide important information in ultrasound-driven approaches performed by anesthesiologists and intensivists for diagnosis, monitoring, and procedural guidance. Read More