5,669 results match your criteria Nocardiosis


A case of and infections after bronchial thermoplasty.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 28;7(2):e00392. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Respiratory Medicine National Center for Global Health and Medicine Tokyo Japan.

Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a bronchoscopic treatment for severe asthma. A 35-year-old woman with uncontrolled severe asthma despite maximal pharmacological treatment underwent BT and started coughing after the first procedure. One month later, during the second BT procedure, there were white ulcerous lesions on the right B9 bronchus. Read More

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February 2019

[Chronic granulomatous disease: multiple infections as clinical presentation. Pediatric case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 Dec;116(6):e744-e748

Servicio de Infectología, Hospital de Niños Sor María Ludovica.

Chronic granulomatous disease is an uncommon primary immunodeficiency due to a defect of the killing activity of phagocytes, caused by mutations in any of the genes encoding subunits of the superoxide-generating phagocyte NADPH oxidase system. The incidence is 1 in 250 000 live births. It can occur from infancy to adulthood, usually in children under 2 years. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A case report of brain abscess caused by in a diabetic patient.

JMM Case Rep 2018 Sep 10;5(9):e005133. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Introduction: are Gram-positive partially acid-fast bacilli capable of inducing a wide range of infections in patients with immunodeficiency, AIDS, cancer, lupus erythematous and diabetes. was first isolated in 2001 from a patient with chronic bronchitis. Since then, there have been reports on the clinical significance of this organism in patients with bronchitis, brain abscess and lung diseases. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

An unusual case of Nocardia cyriacigeorgica presenting with spinal abscesses in a renal transplant recipient and a review of the literature.

Transpl Infect Dis 2018 Nov 10:e13025. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Institute of Human Virology and Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Nocardia species represent a well-recognized yet uncommon cause of opportunistic infections in humans. It most frequently presents as a pulmonary infection with or without central nervous system involvement. It is a very rare cause of spinal abscesses, with only 26 cases reported in the literature. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Pulmonary infection caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica in a patient with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(43):e13023

Rationale: Nocardia species is known as conditional pathogenic bacteria. Among Nocardia species, pulmonary infection caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica associated with Aspergillus fumigatus complex lung disease is rarely reported.

Patient Concerns: A 55-year-old female with a history of productive cough with recurrent expectoration for 20 years presented with increasing cough for 12 months. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Retrospective analysis of nocardiosis in a general hospital from 1998 to 2017.

Med Mal Infect 2018 Dec 28;48(8):516-525. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Service de médecine interne, centre hospitalier d'Agen-Nérac, route de Villeneuve, 47923 Agen cedex 9, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: To describe the epidemiological, clinical, microbiological, and therapeutic characteristics of Nocardiosis patients treated in a general hospital.

Patients And Methods: Monocentric retrospective analysis of patients presenting with Nocardia-positive biological sample from January 1, 1998 to May 1, 2017.

Results: We identified nine cases of Nocardia infections. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Antimicrobial susceptibility and clinical characteristics of Nocardia isolates from a tertiary care centre diagnostic laboratory in Pakistan.

J Glob Antimicrob Resist 2018 Jul 6;15:219-221. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objectives: Nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection that can present as cutaneous, pulmonary and/or disseminated disease depending on the host immunity. Treatment choices include trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (co-trimoxazole; SXT) and imipenem along with some other antibiotics. The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) recommends the broth microdilution (BMD) method to determine antimicrobial susceptibility, however there is a lack of susceptibility data using this method in Pakistan. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Lymphocutaneous nocardiosis in a kidney transplant patient successfully treated with tigecycline.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):1207-1210

5th Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Cutaneous nocardiosis is an infrequent infection which has been increasingly reported in immunocompromised patients. Although trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is considered to be the agent of choice for treatment of nocardiosis, newer antimicrobials such as tigecycline have been proven to be effective in vitro, as well. We report the first case of primary cutaneous nocardiosis in a renal transplant recipient having corresponded well to treatment with tigecycline. Read More

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November 2018

Two cases of primary cutaneous nocardiosis caused by intralesional injection.

Dermatol Ther 2018 Oct 26:e12775. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Dermatology and Laboratory Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, South Korea.

Nocardiosis is a rare localized or systemic suppurative disease caused by the actinomycete Nocardia species. The respiratory tract is the most common site of infection, but primary cutaneous nocardiosis can also be induced by direct inoculation. Nocardiosis is usually reported in immunocompromised patients, such as those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, autoimmune diseases, cancer, or in those who have had organ transplantation or corticosteroid administration. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Primary Cutaneous Nocardia brasiliensis in a Spanish Child.

Clin Lab 2018 Oct;64(10):1769-1772

Background: We report a case of a primary cutaneous nocardiosis by autochthonous Nocardia brasiliensis in a Spanish immunocompetent 9-year-old boy.

Methods: N. brasiliensis caused cellulitis showing the patient recovery after drainage and treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Disseminated nocardiosis with infective endocarditis of a transplanted heart.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 12;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Nocardiosis is caused by various species of and typically occurs as an opportunistic infection. It frequently disseminates, most often involving the lungs, subcutaneous tissues and central nervous system. It has rarely been reported to affect native heart valves. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Primary cutaneous nocardiosis: a diagnosis of consideration in a renal transplant recipient.

BMC Clin Pathol 2018 1;18. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

3Department of Nephrology and Renal Transplantation Medicine, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: The cutaneous nocardiosis remains a diagnostic challenge: similar clinical presentations as of cutaneous diseases with different etiology-and the inherent difficulty in cultivating the pathogen.

Case Presentation: Herein, we describe a case of primary cutaneous nocardiosis in a renal transplant recipient; treated with anti-tubercular drugs due to misdiagnosis of cutaneous tuberculosis. On clinical examinations, a few red erythematous papules with erosions and crusting seen, over prior surgery scar of renal transplant. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Manifestations and outcomes of nocardia infections: Comparison of immunocompromised and nonimmunocompromised adult patients.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(40):e12436

Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Michigan Healthcare System.

Nocardia is a ubiquitous environmental pathogen that causes infection primarily following inhalation into the lungs. It is generally thought to cause infection primarily in immunocompromised patients, but nonimmunocompromised individuals are also at risk of infection. We sought to compare risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnostic approach, treatment, and mortality in immunocompromised and nonimmunocompromised adults with nocardiosis. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Disseminated nocardiosis with cerebral and subcutaneous lesions on low-dose prednisone.

Authors:
Kedar R Mahajan

Pract Neurol 2018 Sep 21. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and Research, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA

This case report is of a septuagenarian man on chronic low-dose prednisone who presented with disseminated nocardiosis () that was initially mistaken for metastatic brain cancer. Neurologists should be aware of the potential for opportunistic infections with steroid use and to consider a definite tissue diagnosis with culture and histopathology prior to treatment. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

An unusual successful treatment with non-sulfonamides: primary cutaneous nocardiosis caused by .

Ther Clin Risk Manag 2018 10;14:1661-1664. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Dermatology, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China,

Introduction: Primary cutaneous nocardiosis is a rare suppurative or granulomatous inflammation disease caused by infection. Because of nonspecific clinical findings, it is always misdiagnosed as common pyogenic infection. Sulfonamides have been the standard treatment for nocardiosis, but the outcome is always poor due to the high rates of misdiagnosis and refractoriness of the disease. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads

Isolated Primary Corneal Acremonium Eumycetoma: Case Report and Literature Review.

Cornea 2018 Dec;37(12):1590-1592

Cornea, Cataract, and Refractive Surgery Services, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: To report an unusual case of isolated Acremonium eumycetoma presenting as a protuberant mass over the cornea.

Methods: Case report and literature review.

Results: A 55-year-old male patient referred to our center with a case of perforated corneal ulcer with uveal tissue prolapse was examined in the casualty department and found to have central melt, approximately 8 mm, along with suspected uveal tissue prolapse. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
2.360 Impact Factor

First Report of the Isolation of from the Bronchoalveolar Lavage of a Patient in Iran.

Iran J Med Sci 2018 Sep;43(5):560-563

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

are Gram-positive, filamentous, aerobic, relatively slow-growing, and weakly acid-fast bacteria which cause nocardiosis in humans. We describe a 53-year-old patient with chronic bronchitis referred to Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan. A bronchial washing sample was taken from the patient. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Disseminated Nocardiosis Initially Manifesting as Visual Field Defects.

Intern Med 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology and Respiratory Medicine, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.

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September 2018
1 Read

Nocardiosis in Sudan: Current Situation and Future Perspective.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah, University. Saudi Arabia.

Background: Infections caused by nocardiae are rare, but misguided to clinicians, especially if there is a delay in the diagnosis and/or low response to chemotherapy. The incidence of nocardiosis is increasing constantly worldwide, and the situation is getting worse if we consider immunocompromised individuals, such as HIV positive patients since they are at higher risk. Surgical amputation, although not common, but should be considered as a result in some cases that cause partial disability. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads

Disseminated Nocardiosis with subretinal abscess in a patient with nephrotic syndrome-a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Sep 3;18(1):234. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Departments of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, People's Republic of China.

Background: Nocardia infection is uncommon in clinical practice, with most cases occuring as the result of opportunistic infection in immunocompromsed patients. Here, we report a case of disseminated nocardiosis with subretinal abscess in a patient with nephrotic syndrome, and whom is receiving immunosuppressive therapy.

Case Presentation: A 58-year-old male presented with decreased vision in his left eye, without redness or floaters, which had persisted for three days. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Pulmonary nocardiosis mimicking small cell lung cancer in ectopic ACTH syndrome associated with transformation of olfactory neuroblastoma: a case report.

BMC Pulm Med 2018 Aug 22;18(1):142. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Background: Pulmonary nocardiosis frequently develops as an opportunistic infection in cell-mediated immunosuppressive patients, and sometimes requires differentiation from pulmonary malignancy. Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome (EAS) is a neoplastic disorder which leads to impaired cell-mediated immunity, and is commonly associated with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Because pulmonary infection and causative malignancy can appear as pulmonary lesions with EAS, differentiation of these diseases remains a critical issue for physicians. Read More

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First report of nocardia infection in cultured Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica.

J Fish Dis 2018 Dec 21;41(12):1921-1927. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Aquatic Life Medicine, College of Fisheries Science, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea.

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December 2018

Genomic characterization of Nocardia seriolae strains isolated from diseased fish.

Microbiologyopen 2018 Aug 16:e00656. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

ChunLab Inc., Seoul, Korea.

Members of the genus Nocardia are widespread in diverse environments; a wide range of Nocardia species are known to cause nocardiosis in several animals, including cat, dog, fish, and humans. Of the pathogenic Nocardia species, N. seriolae is known to cause disease in cultured fish, resulting in major economic loss. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads

brain abscess. Clinical and microbiological characteristics.

IDCases 2018 4;13:e00422. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Microbiology, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Avda. de las Fuerzas Armadas, s/n, 18014, Granada, Spain.

brain abscesses are unusual in humans. Sixteen cases of this infection have been reported in the world medical literature. There is precise clinical information available from nine patients. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Ocular Nocardiosis: A Case Report.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2018 Aug 10:1-3. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

a Department of Ophthalmology and Optometry , Medical University of Innsbruck , Innsbruck , Austria.

Purpose: To describe the challenging diagnosis of ocular nocardiosis in a patient with anaplastic astrocytoma Methods: A 56-year-old patient with recurrent cerebral anaplastic astrocytoma and a history of surgical resection, who underwent radiotherapy and chemotherapy, presented with a unilateral white subretinal mass at the posterior pole of his left eye. Vitrectomy and fine-needle biopsy of the vitreous as well as the subretinal mass were performed.

Results: Magnetic resonance imaging verified progression of the lesion's size at follow-up. Read More

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NOCARDIOSIS: 7-YEAR experience at an australian tertiary hospital.

Intern Med J 2018 Aug 8. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Alfred Health, 50 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, 3004, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Nocardiosis has historically been reported in immunocompromised patients, but Australian epidemiological and antimicrobial susceptibility data are limited.

Aims: To describe the epidemiology, diagnosis and initial treatment of nocardiosis in an Australian tertiary hospital over 7 years.

Methods: In this retrospective study, all positive cultures for Nocardia species from any site isolated at the Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, between January 1 2010 and December 31 2016 were identified, and corresponding laboratory data and medical records reviewed. Read More

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A Case of Bilateral Adrenal Abscesses in an Intravenous Drug-Using Splenectomized Patient With Tricuspid Endocarditis.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2018 Jul 15;5(7):ofy141. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tennessee Medical Center Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Adrenal abscesses due to disseminated nocardiosis are exceedingly rare in clinical practice, and to date only 8 cases have been reported in the literature, most of which were confined to a single adrenal gland. These infections often occur in patients with underlying immune deficiency. We report a rare case of bilateral nocardial adrenal abscesses in an intravenous drug-using splenectomized patient that presumably originated from direct inoculation using intravenous opana, as his admission chest radiograph was normal. Read More

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July 2018
6 Reads

Rapid method for detecting and differentiating Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and non-tuberculous mycobacteria in sputum by fluorescence in situ hybridization with DNA probes.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Oct 24;75:1-7. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

ID-FISH Technology, Palo Alto, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: In resource-limited tuberculosis-endemic countries, Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum is mainly detected by acid-fast bacillus (AFB) staining and the identification of sputum-derived cultures. PCR techniques are practical only in well-resourced laboratories. This study investigated the application of a rapid, simple, and inexpensive fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay to identify and differentiate M. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Transcriptome analysis of immune-related gene expression in hybrid snakehead (Channa maculata ♀ × Channa argus ♂) after challenge with Nocardia seriolae.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Oct 23;81:476-484. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Shenzhen Research Institute of Guangdong Ocean University, Shenzhen, China; Fisheries College of Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology and Epidemiology for Aquatic Economic Animals, Zhanjiang, China; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center for Aquatic Animal Health Assessment, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Hybrid snakehead fish (Channa maculata ♀ × Channa argus ♂), a new species used in freshwater aquaculture in China, is the common host of an epizootic bacterial infection by Nocardia seriolae. However, the information on the functions and mechanisms of hybrid snakehead immune pathways with the N. seriolae infection is limited. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Sporotrichoid Skin Infection Caused by in a Kidney Transplant Patient.

Diseases 2018 Jul 25;6(3). Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Health Science Center, Louisiana State University, Shreveport, LA 71103, USA.

Prompt and accurate diagnosis of skin infections is important in immunocompromised hosts, especially transplant patients. The sporotrichoid form, which is otherwise known as the lymphocutaneous form of skin involvement, can mimic other conditions, including those caused by fungi, mycobacteria, spirochetes, parasites and other bacteria. Delayed or inaccurate diagnosis and treatment of skin infections in transplant patients could lead to dissemination of disease and other poor outcomes. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Correction to: Pulmonary nocardiosis masquerading renascence of tuberculosis in an immunocompetent host: a case report from Nepal.

BMC Res Notes 2018 07 25;11(1):505. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Following publication of the original article [1], a typesetting mistake is reported. The captions of Figure 2 and Figure 3 were interchanged. The incorrect and correct combination of the figures and captions are given in this Correction and the original article has been updated. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Characterization and outcomes of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in Brazil: a case series.

J Bras Pneumol 2018 May-Jun;44(3):231-236

. Divisão de Pneumologia, Instituto do Coração - InCor - Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo (SP) Brasil.

Objective: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease, characterized by the alveolar accumulation of surfactant, which is composed of proteins and lipids. PAP is caused by a deficit of macrophage activity, for which the main treatment is whole-lung lavage (WLL). We report the experience at a referral center for PAP in Brazil. Read More

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May 2017
4 Reads

Nocardiosis in a patient with anti-PD-1-associated colitis treated with infliximab.

Eur J Cancer 2018 Sep 13;101:284-286. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address:

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September 2018

Pulmonary nocardiosis masquerading renascence of tuberculosis in an immunocompetent host: a case report from Nepal.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Jul 17;11(1):488. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Pulmonary nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection in an immunocompromised patient; however, often neglected in the immunocompetent patient from the diagnosis considerations.

Case Presentations: We describe a case of pulmonary nocardiosis masquerading renascence of tuberculosis, in a 51-years-Nepali farmer. After a 6 month of presumed successful antitubercular therapy; the patient develops the clinical presentations and radiological features showing similarities with that of tuberculosis and malignancy. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Screening and Identification of B-Cell Epitopes in the P61 Protein of .

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 2;8:224. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

The P61 protein is an immunodominant antigen of that is observed in the sera from patients infected with the bacterium. However, the B-cell epitopes of are still unresolved. To identify the antigenic determinants of P61, we screened seven monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against P61 protein that was expressed in the system. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads
2.620 Impact Factor

Catch Me If You Can.

S D Med 2018 Jul;71(7):304

Department of Internal Medicine, University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine.

Nocardia is a genus of anaerobic gram-positive bacteria that most commonly infect persons with compromised immunity. Pneumonia and soft tissue infections are seen most frequently; osteomyelitis is an uncommonly reported manifestation of nocardiosis. We report a case of pelvic osteomyelitis due to Nocardia asteroides in a patient with unrecognized acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) without evidence of concomitant pulmonary or skin infection. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Aspergillosis, nocardiosis and scleroderma, a fatal and infrequent association.

Med Clin (Barc) 2018 Jul 5. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Servicio de Anatomía Patológica, Hospital Vega Baja, Orihuela, Alicante, España.

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Antibiotic susceptibility testing and species identification of Nocardia isolates: a retrospective analysis of data from a French expert laboratory, 2010-2015.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Research group on Bacterial Opportunistic Pathogens and Environment UMR5557 Écologie Microbienne, French Observatory of Nocardiosis, Institute of Infectious Agents, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, CNRS, VetAgro Sup, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: Nocardia, a Gram-positive bacterium, is responsible for rare and severe infections. Accurate microbiological data are essential to guide antibiotic treatment. Our primary objective was to describe species identification and results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) for Nocardia isolates analysed over a 6-year period. Read More

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June 2018
8 Reads
5.770 Impact Factor

Pulmonary Nocardiosis and Scrub Typhus in an Immunocompromised Host.

J Glob Infect Dis 2018 Apr-Jun;10(2):108-111

Department of Microbiology, Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Pulmonary infections are not uncommon in patients with an underlying immunocompromised condition. Unusual combination of microorganisms causing concomitant infections among these patients has also been reported. However, certain rare dual occurrences are usually unanticipated as in the case we present here. Read More

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June 2018
7 Reads

Pulmonary co-infection with nocardia species and nontuberculous mycobacteria mimicking miliary tuberculosis in a patient with Crohn's disease under combined immunosuppressive therapy.

Z Gastroenterol 2018 06 11;56(6):569-572. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Jena University Hospital, Dept. Internal Medicine IV.

Nocardiosis is a rare infection caused by ubiquitous soil-born, acid-resistant, Gram-positive bacteria that can be life-threatening in immunocompromised patients. Originally usually diagnosed in HIV-positive patients, only few cases have been reported in patients on immunosuppressive therapy for inflammatory bowel disease or rheumatologic disorders. We present a case of a 32-year-old man who was treated with infliximab, prednisolone, and azathioprine for severe terminal ileitis. Read More

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June 2018
5 Reads
1.671 Impact Factor

High Intraspecific Genetic Diversity of , a Pathogen Responsible for Cutaneous Nocardiosis Found in France: Phylogenetic Relationships by Using and Genes.

Biomed Res Int 2018 20;2018:7314054. Epub 2018 May 20.

Research Group on "Bacterial Opportunistic Pathogens and Environment", UMR Ecologie Microbienne, CNRS 5557, INRA 1418, UCBL, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Faculté de Pharmacie, 8 avenue Rockefeller, Lyon, France.

This study aims at genetic characterization and phylogenetic relationships of focusing by using housekeeping , and genes. is the species responsible for 80% of cases of actinomycetoma, one form of cutaneous nocardiosis which occurs mainly in tropical regions reaching immunocompetent patients in which the disease can lead to amputation. We analyze 36 indigenous cases of that happened in France. Read More

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October 2018

Cutaneous nocardiosis by a new pathogenic species: .

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 4;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Dermatology, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Nocardiosis is a rare, predominantly opportunistic, suppurative disease caused by bacteria of the order Actinomycetales. There are currently more than 100 species of described, less than half are pathogenic to humans. Cutaneous nocardiosis can be caused by direct inoculation from a contaminated material or by secondary dissemination. Read More

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June 2018
9 Reads

Nocardia infection over 5 years (2011-2015) in an Italian tertiary care hospital.

New Microbiol 2018 Apr;41(2):136-140

Infectious Diseases Section, Diagnostic and Public Health Department, University of Verona, Policlinico "G. B. Rossi", Verona, Italy.

This study was conducted reviewing clinical records of 14 patients affected by nocardiosis over 5 years in a tertiary care hospital. Nocardia abscessus was responsible for one third of infections, deviating significantly from the results reported by other epidemiological investigations and highlighting the key role of molecular identification tests. Indeed, a precise identification of species is crucial for the determination of antibiotic sensitivity patterns and, consequently, for the choice of antibiotic treatment. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Chronic Madura foot: mycetoma and/or spp or actinomycosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 May 22;2018. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Surgery, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

A 58-year-old agricultural worker from a remote Western province farming community in Saudi Arabia presented with a 2-year history of right plantar foot soft tissue mass. According to the patient, the swelling had gradually increased in size over a few years, but it was painless and thus had not restricted him from continuing to farm until the lesion started to affect mobility. An MRI, microbiology and histopathology reported a rare infectious agent- spp, otherwise referred to as Madura foot. Read More

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May 2018
16 Reads

Endobronchial Ultrasound in Suspected Non-Malignant Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy.

Pneumologie 2018 Aug 22;72(8):559-567. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Medical School Hannover, Germany.

Background:  Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) bronchoscopy with transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is a well-established tool in mediastinal staging in lung cancer and gains importance in exploration of non-malignant lymphadenopathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of EBUS-TBNA in suspected non-malignant diseases.

Methods:  A retrospective, single-center, observation analysis of endobronchial ultrasound bronchoscopy procedures was performed in a university medical center between March 2013 and July 2015. Read More

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Disseminated Nocardiosis with retinal abscess in a patient treated for bullous pemphigoid.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 24;10:145-147. Epub 2018 Feb 24.

Kentucky Lions Eye Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA, 40202.

Purpose: To report a case of disseminated Nocardiosis with retinal and intracranial lesions.

Observations: A 49-year-old woman immunosuppressed because of treatment given for bullous pemphigoid presented with altered mental status and multiple intracranial lesions on imaging. The patient was found to have multiple retinal lesions in both eyes, including a subretinal abscess in the right eye. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Unmasking of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus by pulmonary nocardiosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 May 18;2018. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Liver Diseases, HPB surgery and Transplantation, Global institute of Liver Diseases, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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May 2018
9 Reads

[Cerebral and pulmonary nocardiosis to Nocardia abscessus in an immunocompetent Algerian patient].

J Mycol Med 2018 Sep;28(3):531-537

Laboratoire de parasitologie mycologie médicale, CHU Mustapha d'Alger, place 1(er)-mai, Alger, Algérie.

Nocardial brain abscess is often occurring in immunocompromised patients. It is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Here, the authors describe a case of cerebral and pulmonary nocardiosis mimicking a metastatic tumor in an apparently health 40-year-old Algerian male. Read More

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September 2018
18 Reads

Idiopathic sterile pyogranuloma in three domestic cats.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 May 15. Epub 2018 May 15.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB3 0ES, UK.

Pyogranulomatous inflammation has been extensively described in cats, in particular in cases of feline infectious peritonitis and also associated with Mycobacteria, Actinomyces, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and fungal infections. Idiopathic sterile pyogranulomatous dermatitis has also been described. In this case series we describe the clinical presentation, histopathology and outcome of three cases of feline idiopathic sterile steroid-responsive pyogranuloma with different presentation and different locations of the lesion, but with the common feature of having a mass with no superficial skin involvement. Read More

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