5,852 results match your criteria No To Shinkei Brain and Nerve[Journal]


[Evaluation of cerebral hemodynamics in a patient with middle cerebral artery stenosis by flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery technique].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):178-80

Department of Neurology, Toyama University Hospital, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
3 Reads

[Ruptured aneurysm of distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery located at caudal loop].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):173-7

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, 7 45 1 Nanakuma, Jonan ku, Fukuoka 814 0180, Japan.

We report an unusual case of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to ruptured aneurysm originating at the caudal loop of posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). The patient was a 77-year-old female presented with a sudden onset of headache and vomiting. Initial CT scan demonstrated a SAH with thick hematoma mainly in the cisterna magna. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
23 Reads

[Bilateral cerebellar infarction caused by intracranial dissection of the vertebral artery after long periods of "Shiatsu"].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):169-71

Departmetnt of Neurology, Dokkyo Medical University, 880 Kitakobayashi Mibu, Shimotsuga-gun, Tochigi 321-0293, Japan.

For five years, a 56-year-old woman had undergone "Shiatsu" (a technique that uses fingers and the palm of the hand to apply pressure to particular sections of the body's surface to correct neck stiffness and body imbalances in order to maintain and promote health). She suddenly developed neck pain, dizziness, dysphagia, and speech and gait disturbances during treatment. A neurological examination detected bradylalia and truncal and mild bilateral limb ataxia of the cerebellar type. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
3 Reads

[Depression following intracerebral hemorrhage and the evaluation of cerebral blood flow by single photon emission tomography].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):165-8

Department of Neurosurgery, Kawasaki Medical School, Kawasaki Hospital, 2-1-80 Nakayamashita, Okayama 700-8505, Japan.

The authors studied patients who presented depression and apathy following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Twelve patients who were admitted in our hospital were divided into two groups according to the presence of post-stroke depression (PSD). Five patients with PSD are in group A, and another seven patients without PSD are in group B. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
3 Reads

[Study on the distribution of collagen fibers in the bifurcating area of cerebral arterioles of Wistar rats].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):158-64

Nasu Kogen Hospital, 375 Takakukou, Nasu-cho, Tochigi 325-0001, Japan.

It was previously reported that Mato cells (Mato's fluorescent granular perithelial cells) were frequently localized in the bifurcating areas of cerebral arterioles and occasionally, collagen fibers appeared close to Mato cells of aged rats. It has also been established that Mato cells were scavenger cells in the cerebral tissue and provided with MHC-class II antigen. The present paper deals with the relationship between the distribution of collagen fibers and Mato cells in the bifurcating area of cerebral arterioles. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
4 Reads

[Newer antiepileptic drugs].

Authors:
Masato Matsuura

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):147-56

Section of Biofunctional Informatics, Graduate School of Allied Health Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1 5 45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113 8519, Japan.

Ten newer antiepileptic drugs have been developed since 1990s. These drugs have wider therapeutic spectra, fewer side-effects, and lesser drug-to-drug interactions compared with the older typical antiepileptic drugs. Among them, zonisamide was developed in Japan and has been used from 1989. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
6 Reads

[Placebo effect in Parkinson's disease].

Authors:
Hideto Miwa

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):139-46

Department of Neurology, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimii-dera, Wakayama 641-8510, Japan.

"Placebo" is Latin for "I shall please". The placebo effect has been widely documented by randomized placebo-controlled drug studies. One of the best examples of placebo effectiveness is that have been shown in clinical trials of anti-parkinsonian drugs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
14 Reads

[Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy--epidemiology, clinical pictures, diagnosis and therapy].

Authors:
Shuji Kishida

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):125-37

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Disease Center-Komagome Hospital, 3-18 22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8677, Japan.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by the reactivation of a ubiquitous polyomavirus JC (JCV). PML was for many years a rare disease occurring only in patients with underlying severe impaired immunity. Over the past three decades, the incidence of PML has significantly increased related to the AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) pandemic and, more recently, to the growing use of immunosuppressive drugs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
2 Reads

[Neuropathology of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):119-24

Department of Neuropathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, 35-2 Sakae-chou, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-0015, Japan.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is caused by opportunistic infection of JC virus which belongs to Papovavirus, and presents with progressive demyelinating lesion in the central nervous system. PML was originally reported as a rare complication of hematologic disorders, but later greatly increased in number in association with acquired immunodeficeincy syndrome (AIDS). Original neuropathological features of PML consist of demyelination lacking inflammatory reaction or necrosis, accompanying oligodendroglial nuclear inclusions in the periphery of demyelination. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
1 Read

[Genetic changes in JC virus possibly associated with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):109-18

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a fetal demyelinating disease in the central nervous system. PML was once a rare disease, but it is now relatively common among AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) patients. The immunological state of patients mainly contributes to the pathogenesis of PML. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
3 Reads

[Recent research on the JC virus].

No To Shinkei 2007 Feb;59(2):101-8

Department of Molecular Pathobiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Nishi 9, Kita 18, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan.

JC virus (JCV) is a causative agent of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and belongs to Polyomavirus. In this article we describe our recent research relating to this virus. First, JCV's major capsid protein VP1 possesses a nuclear localization signal (NLS) and has the ability to construct a virus-like particle (VLP). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2007
4 Reads

[Case of ruptured superior cerebellar artery dissection treated by endovascular embolization].

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):72-5

Fukuoka University, Chikushi Hospital, 1-1-1 Zokumyouin, Chikushino-shi, Fukuoka 818-8502, Japan.

The authors herein report a case of a ruptured dissection of the superior cerebellar artery (SCA). A 68-year-old man presented with symptons of sudden headache and nausea. The CT scan revealed the presence of both a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and acute hydrocephalus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
2 Reads

[Development of the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS) in Japanese].

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):67-71

Department of Research, Obu Dementia Care Research and Training Center, 3-294 Hantsuki-cho, Obu-shi, Aichi 474-0037, Japan.

In recent years, population of elder people has increased in Japan, following augmentation of the number of people with dementia in Japan. Then it is important to detect cognitive impairment in early stage for adequate treatment, care and prevention. We studied 135 subjects, 49 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 86 healthy controls using Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS), and developing Japanese version of the TICS (TICS-J). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
6 Reads

[Adult-onset citrullinemia].

Authors:
Shu-ichi Ikeda

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):59-66

Department of Internal Medicine (Neurology and Rheumatology), Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.

Adult-onset citrullinemia (CTLN2) is a rare hereditary metabolic disorder characterized by highly increased concentration of citrulline and ammonia in the plasma, which is ascribed to a deficiency of argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS), one of the urea cycle enzymes mainly located in the liver. Neurological manifestation in CTLN2 patients closely resemble those of hepatic encephalopathy and in the past, most patients usually followed rapidly deteriorating clinical courses and died of severe brain edema within a few years after onset. However, in 1995 the first CTLN2 patient who was successfully treated by living-related liver transplantation was reported and since then more than 30 patients had underwent this operation in our country, showing good outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
3 Reads

[Prevention of brain infarction in patients with atrial fibrillation].

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):53-8

Department of Cerebrovascular Disease, Cerebrovascular Center and Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center, 1-8-1 Jigyohama, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810-0065, Japan.

The patients with cardioembolic stroke sometimes suffer from severe neurological deficit and from recurrent strokes. Since atrial fibrillation, especially non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is associated with over half of the cardioembolic strokes, the prevention of cardioembolic stroke in patients with NVAF is important. There have been some reports about how to prevent stroke. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
3 Reads

[Neural mechanisms of facial recognition].

Authors:
Chiyoko Nagai

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):45-51

Asada Synergistic Intelligence Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Miyazaki Building 3F, 89-3 Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8224, Japan.

We review recent researches in neural mechanisms of facial recognition in the light of three aspects: facial discrimination and identification, recognition of facial expressions, and face perception in itself. First, it has been demonstrated that the fusiform gyrus has a main role of facial discrimination and identification. However, whether the FFA (fusiform face area) is really a special area for facial processing or not is controversial; some researchers insist that the FFA is related to 'becoming an expert' for some kinds of visual objects, including faces. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
3 Reads

[Parallel processing of motion vision].

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):37-44

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Letters, Chuo University, 742-1 Higashi-Nakano, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo 192-0393, Japan.

Several neuropsychological studies have reported dissociation between motion vision and object vision. One patient with motion blindness had a bilateral MT/V5 lesion and could see objects, but could not see the motion of the objects (Zihl et al, 1983). By contrast, some blindsight patients with primary visual cortex lesions cannot see objects but can see their movement (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
3 Reads

[Neural mechanisms for object and color recognition].

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):31-6

Department of Neurology, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan.

We reported double-dissociation between the visual processing of the edges and the surfaces of objects. Patients with lateral occipital damage showed selective impairment in the perception of edges whereas those with medial ventral occipital damage showed selective impairment in the perception of the 3D structure of the surface. Patients with medial ventral occipital damage also exhibited impaired perception of color, which is also a surface property. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
2 Reads

[Neuropsychological approach to visual attention].

Authors:
Kyoko Suzuki

No To Shinkei 2007 Jan;59(1):23-30

Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.

Visual experience depends critically on visual attention, which selects a particular aspect of a visual display. Recent clinical, neuroimaging, and animal studies revealed that visual attention was divided into active and passive or top-down and bottom-up attention. Although these dichotomies are clear-cut in definition, visual attention could be modulated by many factors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2007
6 Reads

[Slowly progressive pure motor monoparesis at the right lower limb due to post traumatic cerebral hemorrhage].

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1087-8

Department of Neurology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
2 Reads

[Brain bank].

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1075-84

Department of Neuropathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, 35-2 Sakae-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
3 Reads

[Problems and plans in a new diagnosis procedure combination in neurological deseases. 2. Neurosurgical diseases].

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1065-73

Department of Neurological Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchikami-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
8 Reads

[Problems and plans in a new diagnosis procedure combination in neurological deseases. 1. Medical neurological diseases].

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1061-3

Department of Clinical Neurology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
2 Reads

[Boron neutron capture therapy for malignant glioma].

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1051-9

Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
7 Reads

[Intraoperative monitoring].

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1043-50

Institute of Advanced Bio-Medical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawata-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
4 Reads

[Recent advances in the medical treatment of glioma-temozolomide].

Authors:
Ryo Nishikawa

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1035-41

Department of Neurosurgery, Saitama Medical University, 38 Moro-hongo, Moroyama-machi, Iruma-gun, Saitama 350-0495, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
4 Reads

[5-ALA fluorescence guided tumor resection].

No To Shinkei 2006 Dec;58(12):1027-33

Department of Neurosurgery, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8603, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2006
28 Reads

[Case of an adult presenting with cerebral atrophy in MRI in the course of encephalitis and later improvement in MRI findings].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):1015-6

Department of Neurology, Tokai University Oiso Hospital.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
9 Reads

[Adult case of acute encephalopathy associated with bilateral thalamic lesions and peripheral neuropathy].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):1009-14

Neurology Service, Hyogo Brain and Heart Center, Himeji, 520 Saisho-ko, Himeji, Hyogo 670-0981, Japan.

A 76-year-old woman developed fever and consciousness disturbance. The next day, she became delirious and was brought to our hospital. On arrival, she was unconscious and showed hypopnea and hypotension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
6 Reads

[Case of gustatory disturbance caused by pontine infarction].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):1005-7

Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization Disaster Medical Center.

We reported a 72-year-old man presented with gustatory disturbance. He lost bitter, salty, sour and sweet sensation on the left half of the tongue. No other neurologic signs were observed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
4 Reads

[Strategy for management of carotid arterial stenosis: analysis of 293 consecutive patients in a Japanese cerebrovascular center].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):999-1004

Department of Cerebrovascular Disease, Cerebrovascular Center and Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center.

Carotid arterial stenosis is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke and is increasing in Japan as the life-style has been westernized. The purpose of this study was to clarify the detailed process of diagnosis and treatment of patients with carotid arterial stenosis. Of the consecutive 1,889 hospitalized patients in our cerebrovascular center during 2001 and 2003, 293 patients had carotid stenosis 50% or more in diameter by the NASCET method; 82 patients were hospitalized during the acute stage of ischemic stroke and 211 patients with or without past history of ischemic stroke were admitted in the chronic stage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
6 Reads

[Pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis].

Authors:
Hiroshi Onodera

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):987-97

Department of Neurology, National Nishitaga Hospital, Kagitori-honmachi, Taihaku-ku, Sendai-shi, Miyagi 982-8555, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
2 Reads

[Study of movement disorder with network analysis].

Authors:
Kotaro Asanuma

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):977-85

Department of Neurology, Tokushima University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-50-1 Kuramoto cho, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
4 Reads

[Cryptogenic stroke--vascular malformation-clinical features].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):971-5

troke Center, Kyorin University Hospital, 6-20-2 Shinkawa, Mitaka-city, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
2 Reads

[Cerebral arterial dissection].

Authors:
Makoto Takagi

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):963-70

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Saiseikai Central Hospital, 1 4-17 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
2 Reads

[Newly published Neurological Clinical Pathological Conference].

Authors:
Genjiro Hirose

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):962

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
2 Reads

[Antiphospholipid syndrome].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):953-60

Department of Neurolgy, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
3 Reads

[Paradoxical brain embolism].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):945-52

Department of Cerebrocasular Disease, Cerebrovascular Center, National Hospital Organization, Kyushu Medical Center, 1-8-1 Jigyohama, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810-8563, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
5 Reads

[Neuroendovascular therapy for acute stroke].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):937-43

Department of Neuroendovascular Therapy, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-cho, Aoba-ku, Sendai-City 980-8575, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
3 Reads

[Subjects in the acute thrombolytic therapy by intravenous administration of rt-PA].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):931-6

Department of Strokology, Research Institute for Brain and Blood Vessels-Akita, 6-10 Senshu-kubotamachi, Akita-shi, Akita 010-0874, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
9 Reads

[Diagnostic imaging of acute ischemic stroke].

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):923-9

Department of Cerebrovascular Disease and Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center, 1-8-1 Jigyohama, Chuou-ku, Fukuoka 810-8563, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
2 Reads

[Guidelines for intravenous thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke with special reference to those by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Japan Stroke Society].

Authors:
Kazuo Minematsu

No To Shinkei 2006 Nov;58(11):915-21

Cerebrovascular Division, Department of Medicine, National Cardiovascular Center.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2006
2 Reads

[A case of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome demonstrated by fat-suppression MR images].

No To Shinkei 2006 Oct;58(10):899-900

Department of Neurology, Tokai University Oiso Hospital.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2006
2 Reads

[A case of idiopathic thoracic spinal cord herniation].

No To Shinkei 2006 Oct;58(10):893-7

Department of Neurosurgery, Fujisawa City Hospital.

We report a case of idiopathic thoracic spinal cord herniation. A 63-year-old female came to our hospital complaining of a slowly progressive gait disturbance that began 5 years ago. She showed signs of a left dominant spastic paraparesis and sensory disturbance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2006
5 Reads

[A case of pure agraphia due to left parietal lobe infarction].

No To Shinkei 2006 Oct;58(10):885-92

Department of Neurology, Shinoda General Hospital, 2-68 Sakuramachi, Yamagata 990-0045, Japan.

We reported a case of an 86-year old woman with pure agraphia due to the left parietal lobe infarction. The characteristics of agraphia were as follows. Most errors in Kana and Kanji writing to dictation and copying were no response. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2006
4 Reads

[Cerebral artery lesion in a patient with infective endocarditis: serial MRI and MRA findings of cerebral artery stenosis].

No To Shinkei 2006 Oct;58(10):879-83

Department of Neurology, Toyama University Hospital, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194, Japan.

We reported a case of infective endocarditis (IE) complicated with bacterial meningitis and cerebral artery stenosis. A 22-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of IE. Although benzylpenicillin administration was continued, he abruptly developed consciousness disturbance on the seventh day. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2006
4 Reads

[Parkinsonism secondary to chronic subdural hematoma. A case report].

No To Shinkei 2006 Oct;58(10):873-8

Department of Neurology, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan.

We described a case of secondary parkinsonism due to chronic subdural hematoma (CSH). An 83-year-old man developed memory impairment and gait disturbance gradually since one year ago, and these symptoms subacutely deteriorated after he fell down and hit his head. On admission he had moderate cognitive impairment, gait disturbance (wide-based, small steps and initial freezing), postual instability, akinesia and right-sided rigidity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2006
3 Reads