5,193 results match your criteria Nitrous Oxide Administration


Comparison of emergency physiotherapy practitioner prescribers versus existing emergency department prescribers for musculoskeletal injuries.

Emerg Med Australas 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Physiotherapy, Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: The scope of selected emergency physiotherapy practitioners (EPP) in this Australian non-tertiary ED has recently extended to include the prescription of a limited drug formulary, including paracetamol, some NSAIDs and opioids, an anti-emetic, a benzodiazepine and nitrous oxide. Although there are large-scale studies investigating prescription errors made by doctors, there is a lack of data on prescribing practices of physiotherapists in the ED setting. The aim of present study is to compare the prescribing practices of EPP to their medical and nursing colleagues within the setting of treating musculoskeletal injuries in the ED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13265DOI Listing

Neonatal general anesthesia causes lasting alterations in excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission in the ventrobasal thalamus of adolescent female rats.

Neurobiol Dis 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, United States of America; Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, United States of America. Electronic address:

Ample evidence has surfaced documenting the neurotoxic effects of various general anesthetic (GA) agents in the mammalian brain when administered at critical periods of synaptogenesis. However, little is known about how this neurotoxic insult affects persisting neuronal excitability after the initial exposure. Here we investigated synaptic activity and intrinsic excitability of the ventrobasal nucleus (VB) of the thalamus caused by neonatal GA administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2019.01.016DOI Listing
February 2019

[Sedation-analgesia protocol for the injection of botulinum toxin A in cerebral palsy].

An Pediatr (Barc) 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Hospital Universitario Regional de Málaga, Málaga, España.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of the sedation-analgesia technique on the pain experienced by the patient.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on consecutive patients with cerebral palsy (CP) who underwent infiltration with botulinum toxin A (BoTNA). The patients were divided into 4 different groups according to the analgesic strategy assigned: Group I, without sedation or topical anaesthetic cream; Group II, inhalation of nitrous oxide; Group III, deep intravenous sedation; and Group IV, light sedation with benzodiazepines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2018.12.018DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Changes of auditory stimulus processing in sevoflurane-induced sedation.

Neurosci Lett 2019 Jan 9;698:121-125. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Despite the widespread use in clinical practice, little research has been done on mechanisms of sedation. In particular, little is known about the changes in the information processing of external stimuli in sedation. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of event-related potential (ERP) in auditory passive oddball paradigm when the sedation was induced by sevoflurane inhalation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03043940193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

The effects of controlled release urea on maize productivity and reactive nitrogen losses: A meta-analysis.

Environ Pollut 2019 Mar 23;246:559-565. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

College of Resources and Environment, Academy of Agricultural Science, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, PR China. Electronic address:

Application of controlled release urea (CRU) is recommended to reduce the undesirable environmental effects resulting from urea application. However, the overall effects of CRU on maize productivity and reactive nitrogen (N) losses remain unclear. Our global meta-analysis based on 866 observations of 120 studies indicated that application of CRU instead of urea (same N rate) increased maize yield by 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.12.059DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Perioperative intravenous ketamine for acute postoperative pain in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 12 20;12:CD012033. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Division of Anesthesiology, Töölö Hospital, Helsinki University and Helsinki University Hospital, Topeliuksenkatu 5, Helsinki, Finland, PB 266 00029.

Background: Inadequate pain management after surgery increases the risk of postoperative complications and may predispose for chronic postsurgical pain. Perioperative ketamine may enhance conventional analgesics in the acute postoperative setting.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of perioperative intravenous ketamine in adult patients when used for the treatment or prevention of acute pain following general anaesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012033.pub4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360925PMC
December 2018
42 Reads

Sedation of children undergoing dental treatment.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 12 17;12:CD003877. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Unit of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Craniofacial Growth and Development, UCL Eastman Dental Institute, 256 Grays Inn Road, London, UK, WC1X 8LD.

Background: Children's fear about dental treatment may lead to behaviour management problems for the dentist, which can be a barrier to the successful dental treatment of children. Sedation can be used to relieve anxiety and manage behaviour in children undergoing dental treatment. There is a need to determine from published research which agents, dosages and regimens are effective. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/14651858.CD003877.pub5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003877.pub5DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

From Dental to Mental Institutions: A Quadruple Threat of Nitrous-Oxide Administration Before and During Mental Asylum Admission.

J Anesth Hist 2018 Oct 1;4(4):237-239. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106-6031, USA; Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, 2124 Cornell Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106-3804, USA; Honorary Curator and Laureate of the History of Anesthesia, Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, American Society of Anesthesiologists, 1061 American Ln, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4973, USA. Electronic address:

During the 19 century, patients undergoing anesthesia for surgical and dental procedures were at risk of being given hypoxic or dilute nitrous oxide on four separate occasions. Primary and secondary saturation during surgery could account for two administrations of 100% nitrous-oxide anesthesia, while both diagnostic and therapeutic doses of dilute nitrous oxide were frequently administered in mental asylums. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2018.07.006DOI Listing
October 2018

Reduced Plasma Kallistatin Is Associated With the Severity of Coronary Artery Disease, and Kallistatin Treatment Attenuates Atherosclerotic Plaque Formation in Mice.

J Am Heart Assoc 2018 Nov;7(21):e009562

2 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Medical University of South Carolina Charleston SC.

Background Kallistatin exerts beneficial effects on organ injury by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammation. However, the role of kallistatin in atherosclerosis is largely unknown. Here, we investigated the role and mechanisms of kallistatin in patients with coronary artery disease ( CAD ), atherosclerotic plaques of apoE mice, and endothelial activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.009562DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The disturbance in dynamic property in the reconstructed state space during nitrous oxide administration.

Neuroreport 2019 Feb;30(3):162-168

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Integration of neural information could be considered a crucial element in maintaining consciousness. Although consciousness is usually maintained during sedation, strictly speaking, the sedative state is different from consciousness. Nitrous oxide (N2O) has been used widely to sedate patients for dental procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0000000000001177DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Early life exposure to extended general anesthesia with isoflurane and nitrous oxide reduces responsivity on a cognitive test battery in the nonhuman primate.

Neurotoxicology 2019 01 14;70:80-90. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Division of Neurotoxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research/FDA, Jefferson, AR, 72079, USA.

Despite the widespread use of general anesthesia, a growing body of research suggests that anesthesia exposure early in life may be associated with acute neurotoxicity and lasting behavioral changes. To better evaluate the risk posed by early life anesthesia on cognitive development, infant rhesus monkeys were exposed to an anesthesia regimen previously shown to be neurotoxic and their cognitive development was subsequently measured using a translational operant test battery. On postnatal day 5 or 6, animals were exposed to 8 h of isoflurane (n = 6, 1% isoflurane in a vehicle gas of 70% nitrous oxide and 30% oxygen) or a control condition (n = 8). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuro.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019

Comparison of three different ketofol proportions in children undergoing dental treatment.

Authors:
G Kip D Atabek M Bani

Niger J Clin Pract 2018 Nov;21(11):1501-1507

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim And Background: Sedation is gaining popularity among dental procedures in children. Ketamine and propofol mixture, known as ketofol, is one of the promising choices in sedation protocols; however, there is no consensus on the exact ratio of ketamine plus propofol especially in dental practice. The aim of present study was to compare perioperative side effect profiles, recovery profiles, and satisfaction rates of both parents' and dentists' following three different ratio of ketofol mixtures in children undergoing dental treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_188_18DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Subdermal nitrous oxide delivery increases skin microcirculation and random flap survival in rats.

J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2019 Feb 29;53(1):37-44. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

g Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery , Marmara University School of Medicine , Istanbul , Turkey.

Random skin flaps are essential tools in reconstructive surgery. In this study, we investigated the effect of subdermal nitrous oxide (NO) application on random flap survival. In this experimental study, we used 21 female rats in three groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2000656X.2018.1531013DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Influence of Ethnicity on Parental Preference for Pediatric Dental Behavioral Management Techniques.

Pediatr Dent 2018 Jul;40(4):265-272

School of Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.

The purpose of this study was to determine how ethnicity influences parental acceptability of behavior management techniques (BMTs) used during dental treatment of children. This is the first known study to compare ethnic differences in acceptance levels of the BMTs. Parental acceptance of 10 BMTs (tell-show-do, voice control, non-verbal communication, positive reinforcement, distraction, parental presence/absence, nitrous oxide, protective stabilization, sedation, and general anesthesia) was rated using a visual analogue scale (VAS) after watching vignettes of each technique. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

What is new in the battle against postoperative nausea and vomiting?

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2018 Jun 2;32(2):137-148. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Anesthesiology, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY, 11794, USA.

The issue of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) still poses a significant burden on our patients. Although rarely associated with a life-threatening condition, it is consistently considered as one of the most undesirable side effects of surgery and anesthesia. There are well-established risk factors for the development of PONV that include patient-related factors, anesthetic technique, use of volatile anesthetics, use of nitrous oxide, duration of anesthesia, opioid administration, and type of surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpa.2018.06.005DOI Listing

Update on nitrous oxide and its use in anesthesia practice.

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2018 Jun 2;32(2):113-123. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital System, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Nitrous oxide (NO) is an anesthetic and analgesic gas with a long history of medical applications. It acts on multiple supraspinal and spinal targets and has utility in a wide range of clinical situations. The relative safety, low incidence, and acuity of adverse effects of NO, along with the ability to be administered by trained medical providers with varying clinical backgrounds, as well as self-administered by patients, assure its persistent and expanding role in clinical practice. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15216896183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpa.2018.06.003DOI Listing
June 2018
13 Reads

Oral Management of Steinert's Disease and Role of Anxiolysis.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Sep 1;19(9):1157-1160. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.

Background: Myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) is a genetic autosomal dominant disorder; malignant hyperthermia is a possible complication. It may occur following administration of some halogenated general anesthetics, muscle relaxants, or surgical stress.

Aim: The purpose of this case report is to evaluate the dental management of patients with Steinert's disease. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

A retrospective cohort study of children with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 receiving anesthesia for intrathecal administration of nusinersen.

Paediatr Anaesth 2018 12 4;28(12):1105-1108. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado.

Introduction: Spinal muscular atrophy is characterized by loss of motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord with resultant proximal muscle weakness. Intrathecal nusinersen has revolutionized the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy. We reviewed the perioperative care of 61 anesthetics performed on eight patients with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 who received nusinersen over 30 months in conjunction with nusinersen's phase 3 clinical trials. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/pan.13500
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pan.13500DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Overdose fertilization induced ammonia-oxidizing archaea producing nitrous oxide in intensive vegetable fields.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 27;650(Pt 2):1787-1794. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Low Carbon Agriculture and GHGs Mitigation, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. Electronic address:

Little is known about the effects of nitrogen (N) fertilization rates on ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and their differential contribution to nitrous oxide (NO) production, particularly in greenhouse based high N input vegetable soils. Six N treatments (N1, N2, N3, N4, N5 and N6 representing 0, 293, 587, 880, 1173 and 1760 kg N ha yr, respectively) were continuously managed for three years in a typically intensified vegetable field in China. The aerobic incubation experiment involving these field-treated soils was designed to evaluate the relative contributions of AOA and AOB to NO production by using acetylene or 1-octyne as inhibitors. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697183381
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.341DOI Listing
February 2019
46 Reads

A fixed nitrous oxide/oxygen mixture as an analgesic for trauma patients in emergency department: study protocol for a randomized, controlled trial.

Trials 2018 Sep 29;19(1):527. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Institute of Ningxia Medical University, 1160 Shengli Street, Yinchuan, 750004, China.

Background: Acute pain is always the most common complaint in Emergency Department admissions and options for analgesia are limited. Nitrous oxide/oxygen possess many properties showing it may be an ideal analgesic method for the Emergency Department; it is quick-acting, well-tolerated, and does not mask signs and symptoms. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and analgesic effect of the fixed nitrous oxide/oxygen mixture for trauma patients in a busy emergency environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2899-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162929PMC
September 2018
21 Reads

Short-term effects of thinning on soil CO, NO and CH fluxes in Mediterranean forest ecosystems.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 20;651(Pt 1):713-724. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

CREA Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment, Firenze, Italy.

In Mediterranean ecosystems an increasing demand for in situ trace gas exchange data is emerging to enhance the adaptation and mitigation strategies under forest degradation. Field-chamber green-house gas fluxes and site characteristics were analysed in two Mediterranean peri-urban pine forests showing degradation symptoms. We examined the effect of different thinning interventions on soil CO, CH and NO fluxes, addressing the relationships with the environmental variables and C and N contents along forest floor-soil layers. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697183368
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.241DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads
4.100 Impact Factor

Is there a nitrogen fertilizer threshold emitting less N2O with the prerequisite of high wheat production?

PLoS One 2018 28;13(8):e0202343. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province / Co-Innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops / Wheat Research Institute, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.

Excessive use of synthetic nitrogen (N) fertilizer and lower nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) are threatening the wheat production in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River. Excess input of N fertilizers also results in severe environmental pollution, climate change and biodiversity loss. However, the study on reasonable nitrogen application and NUE improvement with the prerequisite of stable and high yield remains unexplored. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0202343PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112623PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Contrasting Soil Bacterial Community, Diversity, and Function in Two Forests in China.

Front Microbiol 2018 31;9:1693. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Center for Ecological Forecasting and Global Change, College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China.

Bacteria are the highest abundant microorganisms in the soil. To investigate bacteria community structures, diversity, and functions, contrasting them in four different seasons all the year round with/within two different forest type soils of China. We analyzed soil bacterial community based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing via Illumina HiSeq platform at a temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest (Baotianman, BTM) and a tropical rainforest (Jianfengling, JFL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01693DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080587PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Analgesic gas for rehabilitation of frozen shoulder: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2019 Jan 9;62(1):43-48. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Service de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Clermont-Ferrand, France; INRA, Université Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: There is little evidence regarding the best way to treat adhesive capsulitis. Physical therapy can reduce pain and improve function and range of motion. However, we lack clear indications on the regimen, techniques or intensity of physical therapy to achieve better results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2018.07.007DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Oxygen Saturation and Pulse Rate Change in Children during Sedation with Oral Midazolam and Nitrous Oxide.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;42(6):461-464. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Objective: We aimed to examine if changes in oxygen saturation and pulse rate of pediatric patients during conscious sedation with midazolam and nitrous oxide are associated with child's behavior, midazolam dose, the type and duration of the treatment and demographic parameters.

Study Design: This study was a retrospective chart review of consecutive pediatric patients, aged 2.5-12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17796/1053-4625-42.6.11DOI Listing
January 2019

Nitrous oxide analgesic effect on children receiving restorative treatment on primary molars.

Authors:
S Arcari M Moscati

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2018 Sep;19(3):205-212

Private practice, Rome, Italy.

Aim: Pain experienced during dental treatment increases the risk of developing dental anxiety in children who will became anxious adults, avoiding dental care. It is therefore essential to provide pain-free dental treatment. The strongest fears are often associated with injections: being able to successfully complete painless restorative treatment without the need for local anesthesia injection is therefore an important goal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23804/ejpd.2018.19.03.7DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

A qualitative analysis of parturients' experiences using nitrous oxide for labor analgesia: It is not just about pain relief.

Birth 2019 Mar 22;46(1):97-104. Epub 2018 Jul 22.

Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee.

Background: A vast majority of women who choose nitrous oxide for labor report high satisfaction despite variable analgesic effectiveness. We analyzed comments provided by women who used nitrous oxide for labor, to identify determinants of satisfaction in this population, and to better understand reasons for continuing with nitrous oxide despite variable analgesic effectiveness.

Methods: We conducted qualitative content analysis of comments in a quality improvement database of routine follow-up assessments of women who delivered vaginally, using nitrous oxide as the sole labor analgesic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/birt.12374DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

The Spatial-Temporal Characteristics and Influential Factors of NOx Emissions in China: A Spatial Econometric Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 07 4;15(7). Epub 2018 Jul 4.

School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, 388 Lumo Road, Wuhan 430074, China.

While the progress of China’s industrialization and urbanization has made great strides, atmospheric pollution has become the norm, with a wide range of influence and difficult governance. While many previous works on NOx pollution have been developed from the perspectives of natural science and technology, few studies have been conducted from social-economic points of view, and regional differences have not been given adequate attention in driving force models. This paper adopts China’s provincial panel data from 2006 to 2015, an extended STIRPAT (Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology) model, and spatial econometric models to investigate the socio-economic influential factors and spatial-temporal patterns of NOx emissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6068494PMC

From Dental to Mental Institutions: An American Dentist and a British Psychiatrist Highlight Insanity Following Nitrous-Oxide Administration.

J Anesth Hist 2018 Apr 8;4(2):133-134. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106-6031, USA; Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, 2124 Cornell Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106-3804, USA; Honorary Curator and Laureate of the History of Anesthesia, Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, American Society of Anesthesiologists, 1061 American Ln, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4973, USA. Electronic address:

In 1887, American dentist Samuel J. Hayes published reports associating unoxygenated anesthetics with asphyxia and insanity, and then British psychiatrist George H. Savage published a report of cases of insanity following nitrous-oxide anesthesia in British journals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2018.02.002DOI Listing

Nitrous oxide analgesia for bone marrow aspiration and biopsy - A randomized, controlled and patient blinded study.

Scand J Pain 2015 Apr 1;7(1):28-34. Epub 2015 Apr 1.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University of Helsinki, PO Box 20, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Background and aims Bone marrow aspiration and/or biopsy (BMAB), performed under local anaesthesia in adults, is a common and often painful procedure. Anxiety is known to intensify pain during the procedure. Nitrous oxide (N2O), known for its sedative and analgesic benefit in various short medical procedures and labour pain, could be advantageous also for pain relief during bone marrow examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2015.01.001DOI Listing
April 2015
19 Reads

Nitrous oxide in oxygen (50:50) is analgesic that requires optimal inhalation procedure.

Authors:
Harald Breivik

Scand J Pain 2015 04 1;7(1):35-37. Epub 2015 Apr 1.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2015.01.008DOI Listing

Emerging evidence for antidepressant actions of anesthetic agents.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Aug;31(4):439-445

Departments of Psychiatry, Anesthesiology, Bioengineering and Neuroscience, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Purpose Of Review: After decades without substantial advances, multiple novel antidepressants show promise against treatment-resistant depression. Interestingly, many of these are anesthetics. The purpose of this review is to discuss the evidence for the antidepressant effects of ketamine, nitrous oxide, isoflurane and propofol and to consider potential clinical, administrative and research implications for anesthesiologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACO.0000000000000617DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Anesthesia effects on the low frequency blood flow oscillations in mouse skin.

Skin Res Technol 2019 Jan 23;25(1):40-46. Epub 2018 May 23.

Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Science, Pushchino, Moscow region, Russia.

Background: When laboratory animals are used one needs to anesthetize them before recording. However, the influence of anesthesia on animal blood flow oscillations has not been studied. The effects of two ways of anesthesia, zoletil-xylazine, and zoletil-nitrous oxide mixtures, on mouse skin perfusion using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) technique were studied. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/srt.12593
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/srt.12593DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Palmitate induces nitric oxide production and inflammatory cytokine expression in zebrafish.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Aug 14;79:163-167. Epub 2018 May 14.

College of Pharmacy, Gachon University, Incheon 21936, Republic of Korea; Lee Gil Ya Cancer and Diabetes Institute, Gachon University, Incheon 21936, Republic of Korea; Gachon Medical and Convergence Institute, Gachon Gil Medical Center, Incheon 21565, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Inflammation markers in zebrafish embryos reflect a toxic response that is common to other animal models and humans. Free fatty acids (FFAs) are known to cause damage in various tissues by inducing inflammation. In this study, we investigated whether a FFA (palmitate) induces inflammation in zebrafish embryos. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2018.05.025DOI Listing

Ratios of greenhouse gas emissions observed over the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Aug 28;633:1022-1031. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (CAMS), Beijing 100081, China. Electronic address:

During a cruise of the survey vessel Dongfanghong II on the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in the spring of 2017 we performed accurate measurements of the mole fractions of carbon dioxide (CO), methane (CH), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrous oxide (NO) using two types of Cavity Ring-Down Spectrometers (CRDS). The spatial variations of the mole fraction of the four trace gases were very similar. The emission sources of these gases were divided into several regions by using the NOAA HYSPLIT model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.250DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Results, meta-analysis and a first evaluation of UR, the urinary nitrate-to-nitrite molar ratio, as a measure of nitrite reabsorption in experimental and clinical settings.

Amino Acids 2018 Jul 4;50(7):799-821. Epub 2018 May 4.

Institute of Clinical Biochemistry, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

We recently found that renal carbonic anhydrase (CA) is involved in the reabsorption of inorganic nitrite (NO), an abundant reservoir of nitric oxide (NO) in tissues and cells. Impaired NO synthesis in the endothelium and decreased NO bioavailability in the circulation are considered major contributors to the development and progression of renal and cardiovascular diseases in different conditions including diabetes. Isolated human and bovine erythrocytic CAII and CAIV can convert nitrite to nitrous acid (HONO) and its anhydride NO which, in the presence of thiols (RSH), are further converted to S-nitrosothiols (RSNO) and NO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00726-018-2573-zDOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads
3.293 Impact Factor

A 50-50% mixture of nitrous oxide-oxygen in transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy: A randomized and prospective clinical trial.

PLoS One 2018 27;13(4):e0195574. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Anesthesiology, Federal Fluminense University, University hospital Antonio Pedro, Niterói, Rio de janeiro, Brazil.

Introduction: Transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TUSPB) is the standard method of diagnosis for prostate cancer, and although it is well tolerated by some patients, it presents a discomfort rate of 65 to 90%, which may be associated with pain. For convenience, it is agreed that a method of analgesia and sedation is necessary. For this purpose, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of inhalation of a 50-50% N2O-O2 gas mixture on pain intensity in these patients. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0195574PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5922537PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Use of Nitrous Oxide in Dermatology: A Systematic Review.

Dermatol Surg 2018 May;44(5):661-669

Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Buies Creek, North Carolina.

Background: Many dermatologic procedures are painful and can be distressing to patients.

Objective: To determine whether nitrous oxide has been used in dermatology and whether literature supports its use in terms of providing analgesia and anxiety associated with dermatologic procedures.

Methods: A search of PubMed and Cochrane databases was conducted through July 15, 2016, to identify studies involving nitrous oxide use in dermatology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000001464DOI Listing
May 2018
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Concentration-related metabolic rate and behavioral thermoregulatory adaptations to serial administrations of nitrous oxide in rats.

PLoS One 2018 19;13(4):e0194794. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of Oral Health Sciences at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America.

Background: Initial administration of ≥60% nitrous oxide (N2O) to rats evokes hypothermia, but after repeated administrations the gas instead evokes hyperthermia. This sign reversal is driven mainly by increased heat production. To determine whether rats will behaviorally oppose or assist the development of hyperthermia, we previously performed thermal gradient testing. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0194794PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5909668PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

The effect of pre-emptive gabapentin on anaesthetic and analgesic requirements in patients undergoing rhinoplasty: A prospective randomised study.

Indian J Anaesth 2018 Mar;62(3):197-201

Department of Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Background And Aims: Hypotensive anaesthesia is necessary in rhinoplasty for better visualisation of surgical field and reduction of surgery time. Gabapentin is a new generation anticonvulsant with anti-hyperalgesic and anti-nociceptive properties. We aimed to investigate the effect of pre-operative administration of oral gabapentin (1200 mg) on anaesthetic requirements and post-operative analgesic consumption and its role in hypotensive anaesthesia for rhinoplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ija.IJA_736_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5881321PMC

Protocol for a double blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial using ondansetron to reduce vomiting in children receiving intranasal fentanyl and inhaled nitrous oxide for procedural sedation in the emergency department (the FON trial).

BMJ Paediatr Open 2018 24;2(1):e000218. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Emergency Department, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Introduction: Intranasal fentanyl and nitrous oxide (NO) can be combined to create a non-parenteral procedural sedation regimen for children in the paediatric emergency department. This combination of intranasal fentanyl and NO provides effective pain relief for more painful procedures, but is associated with a higher incidence of vomiting than NO alone. Our aim is to assess whether ondansetron used preventatively reduces the incidence of vomiting associated with intranasal fentanyl and NO for procedural sedation compared with placebo. Read More

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http://bmjpaedsopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjpo-2017-00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjpo-2017-000218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5843010PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Anesthetic Agents Commonly Used by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 2018 May;30(2):155-164

Department of Dental Anesthesia, NYU Langone Hospital, 150 55th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11220, USA; Division of Endodontics, Orthodontics and General Practice Residency, Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC, 925 West 34th Street, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have a variety of anesthetic agents that can be used to provide anesthesia safely and efficiently in the office-based environment. However, it is critical to have a thorough understanding of the particulars for each agent. Commonly used anesthetic agents, administered either individually or in combination, include diazepam, midazolam, propofol, ketamine, opioid agonists such as fentanyl or remifentanil, dexmedetomidine, and inhalational agents, including nitrous oxide and sevoflurane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coms.2018.01.003DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Subacute Combined Degeneration from Recreational Nitrous Oxide Inhalation.

J Emerg Med 2018 05 27;54(5):e105-e107. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.01.045DOI Listing

Needle breakage during an inferior alveolar nerve block in a child with KBG syndrome: A case report.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2018 Apr 27;19(2):125-128. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Unit of Dental Care for Special Needs Patients and Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Biomedical and NeuroMotor Sciences (DiBiNeM), University of Bologna, Via San Vitale 59, 40125, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Needle breakage during the administration of dental analgesia is an extremely rare event.

Case Report: A case of needle breakage during the administration of an inferior alveolar nerve block occurred in a child with KBG syndrome. During the injection, a sudden movement of the child caused the breakage of the needle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-018-0336-xDOI Listing

A Review of the Impact of Obstetric Anesthesia on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes.

Anesthesiology 2018 07;129(1):192-215

From the Department of Anesthesiology (G.L., J.H.W.) Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Magee-Womens Research Institute and Foundation (F.L.F.), University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (N.N.) Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa (C.A.W.) Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Health Science Center, McGovern Medical School, Houston, Texas (H.K.E.).

Obstetric anesthesia has evolved over the course of its history to encompass comprehensive aspects of maternal care, ranging from cesarean delivery anesthesia and labor analgesia to maternal resuscitation and patient safety. Anesthesiologists are concerned with maternal and neonatal outcomes, and with preventing and managing complications that may present during childbirth. The current review will focus on recent advances in obstetric anesthesia, including labor anesthesia and analgesia, cesarean delivery anesthesia and analgesia, the effects of maternal anesthesia on breastfeeding and fever, and maternal safety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000002182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008182PMC
July 2018
17 Reads

A physiologically based model for denitrogenation kinetics.

Med Gas Res 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):256-259. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Medical R&D, Air Liquide Santé International, Centre de Recherche Claude-Delorme, Jouy-en-Josas, France.

Under normal conditions we continuously breathe 78% nitrogen (N) such that the body tissues and fluids are saturated with dissolved N. For normobaric medical gas administration at high concentrations, the N concentration must be less than that in the ambient atmosphere; therefore, nitrogen will begin to be released by the body tissues. There is a need to estimate the time needed for denitrogenation in the planning of surgical procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2045-9912.222449DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5806446PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Polyphenols in Kuding tea help prevent HCl/ethanol-induced gastric injury in mice.

Food Funct 2018 Mar 27;9(3):1713-1725. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Chongqing Collaborative Innovation Center for Functional Food, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400067, P.R. China. and Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Cha University, Seongnam, Gyeonggi 13488, Korea.

We conducted the present study to determine the gastric injury preventive effects of polyphenols in Kuding tea (KTPs) in Kunming (KM) mice through the inhibition of gastric-acid secretion and the protection of the gastric mucosa. Mice treated with a high concentration of Kuding tea polyphenols (HKTP) had lower serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-12, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), motilin (MOT), substance P (SP), and endothelin-1 (ET-1), and higher serum levels of somatostatin (SS) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) than did the mice in the control group. Serum and gastric tissue levels of nitrous oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and GSH were higher in the HKTP-treated mice than in the control mice, but malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were lower in the HKTP-treated mice than in the control mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c7fo01754eDOI Listing
March 2018
43 Reads