3,139,572 results match your criteria New Zealand Optics [Journal]
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):519-524. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Spital Thurgau AG, Urologie, Frauenfeld.
The classical algorithm of the management of male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) includes a surgical approach in case pharmacological therapy has failed. Emerging minimally-invasive treatments (MITs) offer potential for rapid symptomatic relief, reducing the morbidity of invasive BPH surgery. Convective interstitial radiofrequency water vapour thermal ablation of the prostate with the Rezūm system is a novel MIT for the treatment of bothersome moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms associated with BPH. Read More
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):509-514. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Universitätsklinikum Köln, Klinik für Urologie, Uro-Onkologie, spezielle urologische und roboter-assistierte Chirurgie, Köln.
Due to demographic changes and aging in the German population combined with the shortage of doctors, new techniques are needed to ensure urological patient care in the future. Telemedicine offers great potential to facilitate patient monitoring in their familiar surroundings and to ameliorate patient's compliance with the suggested therapy concept. Through optimal and reliable transfer of patient data, telemedicine helps to optimise patient satisfaction with urological therapies, binds them to their doctor and raises diagnostic safety. Read More
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):500-508. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie der Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Mainz.
Introduction: Virtual reality (VR) is an artificially simulated environment permitting interaction. On the other hand, augmented reality (AR) is an enhanced version of reality created by the use of technology to overlay digital information on an image of something being viewed through a device. Both technologies have partially been implemented in clinical daily routine. Read More
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):488-499. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Urologische Universitätsklinik Mannheim, Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, Mannheim.
The introduction of robotics led to a decrease in the importance of classical laparoscopy. Nevertheless laparoscopy and retroperitoneoscopy underwent significant technological improvements during the last decade, including introduction of 4k Ultra HD video technology, 3D-HD-videosystems, minaturised instruments, advanced sealing devices, instruments with 7 degrees of freedom, and ergonomic platforms Ethos Chair. The monopoly of robotic surgical devices will end in 2019, because key patents of Intuitive Surgical will expire. Read More
Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):627-633. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neurology, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
Headache is a neurologic disorder that displays gender dichotomy. It is well established that there is a strong link between migraine headache and sex hormones, specifically estrogen, which influences the severity of migraines during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Furthermore, the epidemiology of headaches during pregnancy and the postpartum period is very distinct from that in males or nonpregnant females, in part due to the hemodynamic and hematologic changes that occur during pregnancy. Read More
Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):608-618. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neurology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.
Migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) are common primary disorders that carry significant morbidity and socioeconomic effect. In this article, we will review the epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of these disorders. First-line acute treatment for migraine consists of analgesics, triptans, and antiemetics, while nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the mainstay treatment for TTH. Read More
Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):603-607. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
The trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias are a group of distinct primary headache disorders that share common characteristics of strict unilateral headache often accompanied by unilateral cranial autonomic features. Cluster headache is the most well-known example, but other than neurologists, practitioners often have limited familiarity with these disorders and treatment options. Delays in diagnosis are typical and treatment options remain suboptimal, associated with limited scientific research into these brain disorders. Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, USA.
Background: The time between the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and its successful use is significantly longer in hemodialysis (HD) patients in the United States compared to those in other countries, and there is an urgent need to reduce the residence time of central-venous catheters (CVC).
Methods: Successful AVF creation and maturation results in typical hemodynamic changes, such as an increase in cardiac output and upper body blood flow (UBBF). In patients with CVC as vascular access, we measured once per minute intradialytic central-venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and hemoglobin levels simultaneously using the Crit-Line Monitor. Read More
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2018 Dec 6;46(5-6):346-357. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Oslo Delirium Research Group, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Background: Delirium is associated with new-onset dementia, suggesting that delirium pathophysiology involves neuronal injury. Neurofilament light (NFL) is a sensitive biomarker for neuroaxonal injury.
Methods: NFL was measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (n = 130), preoperative serum (n = 192), and postoperative serum (n = 280) in hip fracture patients, and in CSF (n = 123) and preoperative serum (n = 134) in cognitively normal older adults undergoing elective surgery. Read More
J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 6;28(3):137-146. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Biotechnology, Microbiology and Human Nutrition, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
We developed new PCR assays that target beta-tubulin (TUB2) and 14 alpha-demethylase (CYP51) genes and used them for the species-specific detection of Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt). Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2136-2147. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Background/aims: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in carcinogenesis as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. This study explored the biological function of lncRNA gastric adenocarcinoma predictive long intergenic non-coding RNA (GAPLINC) in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: GAPLINC expression in NSCLC specimens and cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Weltenmacher GmbH, VR Training-Application, Düsseldorf, Germany.
Background/aim: Peritonitis rates in peritoneal dialysis (PD) vary considerably not only across countries but also between centers in the same country. Patient education has been shown to significantly reduce infection rates but up till now training lacks standardization with patients being trained using different methods and media (e.g. Read More
Neonatology 2018 Dec 6;115(2):182-188. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New
Background: Pre-clinical research, which encompasses studies in animals and in the laboratory, has made significant contributions to the improvement of neonatal outcomes.
Methods: Here, we describe examples of how pre-clinical research can be the starting point on the journey to the development of new interventions to improve neonatal care and outcomes and discuss recent progress in ensuring methodological and ethical rigour in pre-clinical research involving animal models.
Results: Studies in pregnant sheep led to the serendipitous discovery that preterm lambs born after exogenous corticosteroid exposure were able to aerate their lungs. Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Renal Research Institute, New York, New York,
Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is correlated with cardiac output. In most patients, ScvO2 declines during hemodialysis (HD) due to factors such as reduced preload, myocardial stunning, and intermittent arrhythmias. Previous research has shown that low ScvO2 is associated with higher mortality in chronic HD patients. Read More
J Mol Graph Model 2018 Nov 29;87:89-97. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Infectologia e Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Departamento de Patologia Clínica, COLTEC, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:
New therapeutic strategies against leishmaniasis are desirable, since the treatment against disease presents problems, such as the toxicity, high cost and/or parasite resistance. As consequence, new antileishmanial compounds are necessary to be identified, as presenting high activity against Leishmania, but low toxicity in mammalian hosts. In the present study, a Leishmania proteome mining strategy was developed, in order to select new drug targets with low homology to human proteins, but that are considered relevant for the parasite' survival. Read More
Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 3;128:48-54. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
Objective: To evaluate the relationship of parent-reported child behaviors on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to cognition, language, and motor skills on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - III (Bayley-III) in toddlers born extremely preterm.
Study Design: Toddlers born extremely preterm (gestational ages 22 0/7 to 26 6/7 weeks) were tested at 22-26 months corrected age with Bayley-III while parents completed the CBCL. Socio-demographic variables and medical history were recorded. Read More
Curr Opin Cell Biol 2018 Dec 3;57:57-63. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute of Pharmacology and Bio-Imaging Center, University of Würzburg, Germany.
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are among the best-studied membrane receptors, mainly due to their central role in human physiology, involvement in disease and relevance as drug targets. Although biochemical and pharmacological studies have characterized the main steps in GPCR signaling, how GPCRs produce highly specific responses in our cells remains insufficiently understood. New developments in single-molecule microscopy have made it possible to study the protein-protein interactions at the basis of GPCR signaling in previously inconceivable detail. Read More
Am Heart J 2018 Oct 25;208:11-20. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Cardiology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, Australia; College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:
Background: Elevated troponin level findings among patients presenting with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or another intercurrent illness undeniably identifies patients at increased risk of mortality. Whilst enhancing our capacity to discriminate risk, the use of high-sensitivity troponin assays frequently identifies patients with myocardial injury (i.e. Read More
Appl Radiat Isot 2018 Aug 30;144:34-46. Epub 2018 Aug 30.
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Directorate for Nuclear Safety and Security, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany. Electronic address:
The emission probabilities of γ rays produced in the Ac decay series were determined by high-resolution γ-ray spectrometry of sources with standardised activity. The sources were prepared quantitatively on glass discs by drop deposition of a solution with Ac in radioactive equilibrium with its daughter nuclides. Their activity was measured by a primary standardisation technique based on alpha-particle counting at a defined low solid angle. Read More
J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:600-606. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Darwin Centre for Bushfire Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia. Electronic address:
Land occupation and management systems have defined fire regimes and landscapes for millennia. The savanna biome is responsible for 86% of all fire events, contributes to 10% of the total carbon emissions annually and is home to 10% of the human population. European colonization has been associated with the implementation of fire suppression policies in many tropical savanna regions, markedly disrupting traditional fire management practices and transforming ecosystems. Read More
Soc Sci Med 2018 Nov 23;220:379-386. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA; CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, 205 East 42nd Street, New York, NY, 10017, USA.
Less schooling is associated with increased biological risks for chronic disease, but whether increasing years of schooling through policy interventions reduces these risks remains unclear. We examine the effect of a major education reform introduced in 1959 that raised the minimum school leaving age from 14 to 16 years in France, offering a unique natural experiment. We assess the causal impact of increased schooling duration on 16 biomarkers of cardiovascular, metabolic, organ and immune function in a large cohort of men and women born around 1953. Read More
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2018 Nov 7;1104:196-204. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Department of Chemistry, Semnan University, Semnan 35195-363, Iran.
For the first time, three phase hollow fiber liquid phase microextraction using an influential, and green middle phase comprised a new relatively-hydrophobic deep eutectic solvent (three-phase HF-LPME-DES) was developed for trace analyses of antiarrhythmic drugs in biological and environmental samples. The extraction solvent was easily synthesized by mixing the green and cheap raw materials, namely choline chloride and 1-phenylethanol (ChCl: Ph-ETOH), in the ambient temperature. Good compatibility to pores of hollow-fiber, high ability for extraction of ionizable organic compounds with no need to any carrier agents, and easy availability in the laboratory environment turned this new proposed deep eutectic intermediate to a worthy generation of the supported liquid membrane (SLM). Read More
Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Dec 3;194:482-486. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Academic Affairs, Baystate Medical Center, 3601 Main St., Springfield, MA 01199, United States. Electronic address:
Background: Criminal justice involved (CJS) populations with opioid use disorder (OUD) have high rates of relapse, future arrests, and death upon release. While medication for OUD (MOUD) reduces opioid relapse, concerns regarding diversion and stigma limit treatment in CJS populations. Extended release naltrexone (XR-NTX), as an opioid antagonist, may be more acceptable to CJS administrators. Read More
Transl Oncol 2018 Dec 3;12(2):381-388. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, South Korea; Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1, Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Advanced cancer has been shown to be associated with a higher percentage of epigenetic changes than with genetic mutations. Preclinical models have shown that the combination of paclitaxel, sorafenib, and radiation therapy (RT) plays a crucial role in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and breast cancer. This study aimed to investigate the involvement of mitochondrial cytochrome c-dependent apoptosis in the mechanism of action of a combination of paclitaxel, sorafenib, and RT in RCC and breast cancer. Read More
Midwifery 2018 Nov 23;69:158-162. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Nursing Department of Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, No.2699, West Gaoke Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai 201204, China.
Background: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disease during and after pregnancy (Aktas and Yesilcicek, 2015). Social supportive system (SSS) serves to protect against the development of depressive symptoms (Moshki and Cheravi, 2016). The mitigating effect of SSS on depression among expectant Chinese women is unclear. Read More
Midwifery 2018 Nov 28;69:150-157. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.
Objective: The objective of this study was to explore midwives' experiences of being 'with woman' in the intrapartum period within the context of an unknown midwife model.
Design: A descriptive phenomenological design was used with individual in-depth interviews. Transcribed interviews were analysed using thematic analysis that incorporated the data analysis framework offered by Amadeus Giorgi. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 22;656:495-502. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 500 Bartholomew Dr, Piscataway, NJ 08854, United States. Electronic address:
Antibiotic resistance is a public health issue with links to environmental sources of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). ARGs from nonviable sources may pose a hazard given the potential for transformation whereas ARGs in viable sources may proliferate during host growth or conjugation. In this study, ARGs in the effluent from three municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and the receiving surface waters were investigated using a viability-based qPCR technique (vPCR) with propidium monoazide (PMA). Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 23;656:458-467. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Department of Hydrology, Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, University of Warsaw, Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:
Considering the growing recognition that human activity and climate variability are critical stressors influencing river regimes, there is an urgent need to identify the contribution of these fundamental factors. Here we examine the runoff changes of a wastewater-effluent dominated river flowing in a heavily modified urban environment. The study concerns the Utrata River basin (727 km), central Poland, a challenging human-natural system for investigating changes in hydrological processes. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 3;110:312-318. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Surgical Oncology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:
Colorectal cancer (CRC), as a prominent cause of cancer-related deaths, has historically been notable worldwide and many attempts have been made to raise the overall survival of CRC patients. Immune response has long been a question of great interest in a wide range of fields such as cancer therapies and anti-tumor immunity through checkpoint inhibitors, specifically anti PD-1/ PD-L1 interaction, is a new line of research for treatment of CRC patients. Following the successful development of anti-PD-1 for melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and non-small cell lung cancer, several clinical trials have been conducted on monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against PD-1 in CRC. Read More
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Nov 22;175:73-83. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Laboratory of Polymers, Department of Chemical Engineering, Engineering School of Lorena, University of São Paulo, EEL-USP, Estrada Municipal do Campinho, s/n, 12602-810, Lorena, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
In this paper, chitosan was used as protective agent for dual temperature-/pH-sensitive poly(N-vinylcaprolactam-co-itaconic acid-co-ethylene- glycol dimethacrylate)- based hydrogel nanoparticles (poly(NVCL-co-IA-co-EGDMA)) aiming avoid their undesirable colloidal destabilization at different conditions of body human tissues. Thus, poly(NVCL-co-IA-co-EGDMA) was embedded into chitosan and a new solid dispersion was prepared via spray-drying and ketoprofen was used as carrier. Two different sizes of hydrogel nanoparticles (120. Read More
Eur J Protistol 2018 Nov 14;67:77-88. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Nørrebrogade 52a 5th, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.
The main outcome of this and subsequent papers is to provide a baseline survey of heterotrophic protist diversity from warm water marine ecosystems, exemplified by loricate choanoflagellates (Acanthoecida). Loricate choanoflagellates are heterotrophic, nano-sized protists that are ubiquitous in marine and brackish water habitats. They dwell in a lorica formed by silicified costal strips organized in species specific patterns. Read More
Atherosclerosis 2018 Nov 23;280:147-154. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Department of Anesthesiology, Shuan Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Anesthesiology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Health Policy Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Background And Aims: The risk of stroke in epileptic patients and the impact of epilepsy history on stroke patients' outcome have not been studied completely. Our purpose is to evaluate whether patients with epilepsy have increased risk of stroke or post-stroke mortality.
Methods: In Study I, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 6746 patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy and 26,984 persons without epilepsy between 2000 and 2008, in the database of National Health Insurance in Taiwan. Read More
J Psychiatr Res 2018 Nov 27;109:107-117. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Laboratório de Síntese, Reatividade e Avaliação Farmacológica e Toxicológica de Organocalcogênios, Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, CEP 97105-900, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Electronic address:
Alzheimer 's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive cognitive decline including memory impairment, cortical dysfunction, and neuropsychiatric disturbances. The drug discovery to treat AD consists to develop compounds able to act in multiple molecular targets involved in the pathogenesis of the disease and the repositioning of old drugs for new application. This way, the intracerebroventricular (icv) injection of streptozotocin (STZ) has been used as a metabolic model of sporadic AD. Read More
Comput Biol Chem 2018 Nov 22;78:144-152. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi, 110007, India. Electronic address:
We have reported synthesis of a novel 1,2,3-triazole conjugate of lithocholic acid by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction. The molecular properties such as geometry, conformations, bond lengths and dihedral angles were investigated theoretically. The bond order analysis was performed using Wiberg bond order (WBO), Fuzzy bond order (FBO) and Laplacian bond order (MBO) method. Read More
J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Science, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.
Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Characterized by one of the highest rates of endemism and biodiversity in the world, Madagascar provides a wide variety of medicinal plants, that could represent a potential source of new drugs. The main aim of this study was to investigate the potential medicinal properties of the plant species used by indigenous people in Maromizaha forest and to provide the first ethnobotanical inventory of the area.
Materials And Methods: Data were collected through open semi-structured interviews with local informants, the reported plants were collected and identified to create a specimen herbarium. Read More
J Proteomics 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute of Neuroscience and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China; Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China. Electronic address:
Major depressive disorders impact approximately 17% of the population worldwide, whose high morbidity and considerable adversity have resulted in enormous social and economic burden. In addition, clinically depressed patients often show reduced volume of olfactory bulb (OB) and decreased olfactory sensitivity. Although mounting evidence conveyed that the gut microbiota may implicate the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) via the microbe-gut-brain axis, knowledge about its distinctive molecular mechanism is rudimentary. Read More
J Proteomics 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Key Laboratory of Functional Protein Research of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Institute of Life and Health Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China. Electronic address:
Drug resistance in bacteria is becoming a significant threat to global public health, and the development of novel and efficient antibacterial compounds is urgently needed. Recently, rhodium complexes have attracted attention as antimicrobial agents, yet their antibacterial mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we observed that the dirhodium (II) complex RhAc inhibited Streptococcus. Read More
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Madrid, Spain.
Non-graft-versus-host disease (non-GVHD) ocular complications are generally uncommon after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but can cause prolonged morbidity affecting activities of daily living and quality of life. Here we provide an expert review of non-GVHD ocular complications in a collaboration between transplant physicians and ophthalmologists through the Late Effects and Quality of Life Working Committee of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the Transplant Complications Working Party of the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Complications discussed in this review include cataracts, glaucoma, ocular infections, ocular involvement with malignancy, ischemic microvascular retinopathy, central retinal vein occlusion, retinal hemorrhage, retinal detachment and ocular toxicities associated with medications. Read More