21,864 results match your criteria Neurotic Excoriations


Gender differences in mental health and substance use disorders and related healthcare services utilization.

Am J Addict 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.

Background And Objectives: Pathological gambling often co-occurs with other psychiatric disorders. Gender differences in treatment-seeking behaviors among patients with pathological gambling diagnosis remain poorly understood. This study assessed gender differences in healthcare services utilization in patients seeking treatment for pathological gambling, substance use, and mental health co-occurring conditions. Read More

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December 2018

Three diagnostic psychiatric subgroups in comparison to self-stigma, quality of life, disorder severity and coping management cross-sectional outpatient study.

Authors:

Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2018 Oct 10;39(4). Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Background: Much attention has been paid to psychological factors influencing characteristics, severity, and course of mental disorders. The objective of our investigation was to examine the interrelations among quality of life (QoL), self-stigma, and coping strategies, demographics and severity of the disorder in neurotic spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, and depressive spectrum disorders.

Methods: A total of 343 clinically stable Czech outpatients with different mental disorders (153 with neurotic spectrum disorders; 81 with depression, and 109 with schizophrenia spectrum disorders) were included. Read More

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October 2018

Personalized networks? How the Big Five personality traits influence the structure of egocentric networks.

Soc Sci Res 2019 Jan 19;77:148-160. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

University of Bern (Switzerland), Institute of Political Science, Fabrikstrasse 8, 3012, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

In this paper, we expand previous research on the psychological foundations of social behavior by evaluating the role of the Big Five personality traits with regard to the formation of individual social networks. More precisely, we ask if personality traits significantly relate to individuals' social integration and position in their ego-network. While studies on both social capital formation and the impact of personality traits on social and political behavior have been flourishing in recent years, little is known about the main effects of personality traits, namely openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and emotional stability, on the characteristics of social ties as well as the agency of egos in their networks. Read More

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January 2019

Psychosomatic aspects of alopecia areata.

Clin Dermatol 2018 Nov - Dec;36(6):709-713. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Dermatology, Universidade Federal do Parana, Hospital de Clinicas, Parana, Brazil. Electronic address:

Psychologic and social effects of scalp hair are more important than its biologic significance. Etiology of alopecia areata (AA) suggests a predominantly autoimmune reaction. Correlation between AA and psychologic disorders is reciprocal. Read More

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August 2018
8 Reads

Psychological Therapy in Secondary Mental Health Care: Access and Outcomes by Ethnic Group.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, England, UK.

Objective: To explore the differences in access to, and outcomes of, psychological therapy for different ethnic groups across a South London Mental Health Trust.

Method: This study used Trust data to explore the proportions of ethnic groups accessing psychological therapy as a proportion of all patients supported by the Trust, as well as their outcomes within broad diagnostic clusters.

Results: Compared to proportions in the local population, there were significantly more White/White British patients and significantly fewer patients from 'other ethnic groups' in the Trust (p < . Read More

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November 2018

Prevalence and pattern of mental illnesses in Uttar Pradesh, India: Findings from the National Mental Health Survey 2015-16.

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Oct 30;38:45-52. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Community Medicine, King George'S Medical University, Lucknow, UP, India. Electronic address:

Aim: To estimate the prevalence and distribution of psychiatric morbidity, and study pattern of help-seeking in a community representative sample from the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India.

Method: A multi-stage, stratified, random cluster sampling was used. The survey was conducted on 3508 adults during 2015-16 using M. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Brain structural connectivity and neuroticism in healthy adults.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 7;8(1):16491. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Radiology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Fukuoka, Japan.

Understanding the neural correlates of the neurotic brain is important because neuroticism is a risk factor for the development of psychopathology. We examined the correlation between brain structural networks and neuroticism based on NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) scores. Fifty-one healthy participants (female, n = 18; male, n = 33; mean age, 38. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

The Temporal Relationship between Selected Mental Disorders and Substance-Related Disorders: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.

Psychiatry J 2018 4;2018:5697103. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Previous studies have examined the association between specific mental disorders, particularly mood and anxiety disorders, and substance-related disorders; but the temporal link between them remains unclear. This study aimed to examine whether individuals with specific mental disorders, including affective psychoses, neurotic disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, and adjustment reaction, have higher risks for subsequently developing substance-related disorders compared to those without. A large-scale study with longitudinal data was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) consisting of 2,000,118 patients' medical records from 2000 to 2009. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

[Identification of abuse/dependence cases by the French addictovigilance network (FAN): A pilot study of the addictovigilance center and the psychotherapeutic center of Nancy (France)].

Therapie 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Centre d'évaluation et d'information sur la pharmacodépendance et addictovigilance (CEIP-A), CHRU de Nancy, hôpital central, 29, avenue du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 54035 Nancy, France; French Addictovigilance Network (FAN), 54035 Nancy, France; Unité 6, Centre psychothérapique de Nancy, pôle de psychiatrie et psychologie clinique, 54520 Laxou, France; Université de Lorraine, 54035 Nancy, France.

Objectives: France is the only European country with a dedicated addictovigilance network (French addictovigilance network [FAN]). However, the reporting of cases of abuse/dependence is insufficient. In an attempt to overcome this under-reporting, data from the medical information systems program (PMSI) is regularly used to identify cases. Read More

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October 2018

A Big Five facet analysis of sub-clinical dependent personality disorder (Dutifulness).

Authors:
Adrian Furnham

Psychiatry Res 2018 Oct 22;270:622-626. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Norwegian Business School (BI), Nydalveien, Olso, Norway. Electronic address:

This study aimed to examine a Big Five, normal personality trait, "bright side" analysis of a sub-clinical personality disorder: Dependency Personality Disorder. Around 6000 British adults completed the NEO-PI-R which measures the Big Five personality factors at the domain and the facet level. They also completed the Hogan Development Survey (HDS) which has a measure of sub-clinical Dependency Personality Disorder called Dutiful as one of its eleven dysfunctional interpersonal tendencies. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Exploring clusters of defense styles, psychiatric symptoms and academic achievements among medical students: a cross-sectional study in Pakistan.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Nov 1;11(1):782. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: The clusters of participants with a homogeneous psychological make-up can be identified using sophisticated machine learning techniques such as the two-step clustering algorithm. It can also help us to identify the synergistic and additive effects of a range of psychometric variables. The identification of synergistic effect of this clustering of defense mechanism has significant practical implications as they share a certain variance. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The contribution of personality factors and gender to ratings of sex addiction among men and women who use the Internet for sex purpose.

J Behav Addict 2018 Oct 31:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

1 Department of Behavioral Sciences and Integrative Brain and Cognition Center, Ariel University , Ariel, Israel.

Background And Aims: Sex addiction is characterized by excessive sexual activity on the Internet. We have investigated the contribution of the Big Five personality factors and sex differences to sex addiction.

Methods: A total of 267 participants (186 males and 81 females) were recruited from Internet sites that are used for finding sexual partners. Read More

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October 2018

Is Our Self Related to Personality? A Neuropsychodynamic Model.

Front Hum Neurosci 2018 4;12:346. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research and University of Ottawa Brain and Mind Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

The concept and the assessment of personality have been extensively discussed in psychoanalysis and in clinical psychology over the years. Nowadays there is large consensus in considering the constructs of the self and relatedness as central criterions to assess the personality and its disturbances. However, the relation between the psychological organization of personality, the construct of the self, and its neuronal correlates remain unclear. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

LncRNA PVT1 regulates growth, migration, and invasion of bladder cancer by miR-31/ CDK1.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Oct 14. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

School of Public Health, Taishan Medical University, Tai'an, China.

Purpose: The aim of our study was to validate the sway of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) on the metabolism and growth of bladder cancer cells by microRNA-31 (miR-31)/cyclin-dependent kinase 1 ( CDK1).

Methods: The Gene Expression Omnibus database was used for analyzing the differentially expressed lncRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) in bladder cancer tissues, with the highly expressed lncRNA PVT1 and mRNA CDK1 screened out. The expression level of PVT1 was detected by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, cell viability by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, cell proliferation and scratch by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine assay, cell migration and invasion by transwell assays, the expression level of CDK1 by immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis, transcription factor targeting by dual-luciferase assay, and the effect of PVT1 on bladder cancer growth by nude mice tumor formation experiment. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Community health services and risk of readmission in public psychiatric hospitals of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2005-2011.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2018 Jul-Sep;40(3):193-201

Fundação Hospitalar do Estado de Minas Gerais (FHEMIG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Introduction: The readmission phenomenon in psychiatry not only reflects the severity and chronicity of the underlying disorders, but also indicates the quality of mental healthcare. In the context of the Brazilian mental healthcare reform, no study has included the availability of outpatient care among the potential determinants for psychiatric readmission.

Objective: To correlate the availability of community healthcare resources at the place of residence with the risk of psychiatric readmission. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Hallucination in Adolescence-Or, Nora in Nowhereland Between Neurosis and Psychosis.

Psychoanal Rev 2018 Oct;105(5):463-480

Narzissenstrasse 5, D-66119 Saarbrücken, Germany. E-mail:

The authors present a case history in which they investigate the psychic mechanisms behind the production and function of adolescent hallucinations against the background of Freud's framework and Laplanche's concept of enigmatic messages. They conclude that these hallucinations, although to all appearance psychotic, are basically neurotic in nature, and that both their content and hallucinatory form serve to protect the defense mechanisms with which parents ward off their unconscious conflicts. Read More

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October 2018

The Relationship of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder with Childhood Traumas, Personality Characteristics, Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Patients with Diagnosis of Mixed Anxiety-Depression Disorder.

Psychiatr Danub 2018 Sep;30(3):340-347

Turgut Ozal University, Medicine School, Psychiatry Department, 06510, Ankara, Turkey,

Background: The purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship of symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) to childhood trauma and personality characteristics among patients with the diagnosis of mixed anxiety-depression disorder.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 130 patients who were admitted to the psychiatry outpatient and were diagnosed with mixed anxiety-depression disorder were conveniently sampled in the current study. In order for the researchers to complete the assessment, the patients with a history of at least one traumatic experience (40. Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Chronic Idiopathic URTICARIA: the Role of Coping and Personality.

Psychiatr Q 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Clinical Immunology & Allergy, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK.

This study compared the severity of chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) and psychiatric symptoms between patients with different levels of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and investigated a model depicting the interrelationship between PTSD from past trauma, personality traits, coping strategies, CIU severity and psychiatric symptom severity. One hundred CIU and 60 allergy patients participated in the study, completing measures on PTSD, psychiatric symptoms, personality traits and coping strategies. The results showed that for CIU patients, 7%, 40 and 34% met the diagnostic criteria for no-PTSD, partial-PTSD and full-PTSD respectively whereas for allergy patients, 15%, 45 and 18% met the same criteria. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

[Depression in patients with personality disorder in youth].

Authors:
E S Krylova

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(8):4-10

Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To define clinical specifics of depression in patients with personality disorders (PD) in youth and work out differential/diagnostic criteria of these states.

Material And Methods: One hundred and sixty patients (136 men, 24 women, mean age19.5±3. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

[Anxiety and depressive symptoms in epilepsy in the context of defense mechanisms and electrodermal activity].

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2018 Sep;45(267):107-113

Department of Neurology, Jagiellonian University Medical College in Cracow, Poland.

Depressive and anxiety disorders among people with epilepsy are more common than in general population and they are associated with less efficient emotion regulation and reduced quality of life. Unfortunately, these disorders are not always correctly diagnosed or treated. Some studies suggest that the electrodermal activity may serve as a marker for depression. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Trauma and Anxiety Disorders throughout lifespan: Fear and anxiety from normality to disorder.

Psychiatr Danub 2018 Sep;30(Suppl 6):384-389

Psychiatric Hospital Skopje, Center for Mental Health, Medical Faculty Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia,

Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders. Anxiety disorders and neurotic fear cause significant disruption of the psychosocial functioning of the individual. In generalized anxiety disorder, neurotic fear appears in the form of fears, expectations, tension, with nothing specifically uncomprehendingly crying anticipation, worry, poor concentration, psychic and physical fatigue, irritability, restlessness, insomnia, sense of near accident etc. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read
0.650 Impact Factor

The effect of perceived stress and specialization on the relationship between perfectionism and burnout in collegiate athletes.

Anxiety Stress Coping 2018 Nov 16;31(6):714-727. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

a Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems , Florida State University , Tallahassee , USA.

Background: Athletic burnout is common when demands of the sport exceed the rewards. Individuals with certain personality dispositions, such as perfectionism, are at increased risk of experiencing perceived stress and subsequent burnout (Fender, L. K. Read More

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November 2018
15 Reads

Effect of rational emotive behavior therapy on stress management and irrational beliefs of special education teachers in Nigerian elementary schools.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(37):e12191

Department of Educational Foundations.

Background/objective: From a rational emotive behavior therapy viewpoint, stress-related disorders originate from irrational beliefs and self-defeating philosophies and attitude. Individuals affected by stress are different from those ones with neurotic problems mainly because the stressed individuals have irrational beliefs about specific, short-term, or more readily identifiable events, in contrast to the more mundane and diffuse difficulties faced by neurotic persons. The present study aimed to examine the impact of a rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) intervention on the stress levels and irrational beliefs among special education teachers in elementary schools in Nigeria. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read
5.720 Impact Factor

Cortical surface area alterations shaped by genetic load for neuroticism.

Mol Psychiatry 2018 Sep 5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.

Neuroticism has been shown to act as an important risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). Genetic and neuroimaging research has independently revealed biological correlates of neurotic personality including cortical alterations in brain regions of high relevance for affective disorders. Here we investigated the influence of a polygenic score for neuroticism (PGS) on cortical brain structure in a joint discovery sample of n = 746 healthy controls (HC) and n = 268 MDD patients. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Clinical Correlates of Vulnerable and Grandiose Narcissism: A Personality Perspective.

J Pers Disord 2018 Sep 4:1-S10. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

There is broad consensus that there are at least two different dimensions of narcissism: vulnerable and grandiose. In this study, the authors use a new trifurcated, three-factor model of narcissism to examine relations between aspects of narcissism and an array of clinically relevant criteria related to psychopathology, the self, authenticity, and well-being. Neurotic and antagonistic aspects of narcissism emerged as the most clinically relevant dimensions of narcissism, bearing relations with outcomes relating to interpersonal guilt, insecure attachment styles, cognitive distortions, maladaptive defense mechanisms, experiential avoidance, impostor syndrome, weak sense of self, inauthenticity, low self-esteem, and reduced psychological well-being. Read More

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September 2018

The Multidimensional Emotional Disorder Inventory (MEDI): Assessing transdiagnostic dimensions to validate a profile approach to emotional disorder classification.

Psychol Assess 2018 Aug 30. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders.

There has been limited progress evaluating the validity of dimensional approaches to emotional disorder classification. This has occurred in part because of a lack of standardized assessment tools developed with the specific intent of studying dimensional classification. The goal of the current study was to develop and validate the Multidimensional Emotional Disorder Inventory (MEDI) to efficiently assess nine empirically supported transdiagnostic dimensions proposed in the Brown and Barlow (2009) profile approach to emotional disorder classification: neurotic temperament, positive temperament, depression, autonomic arousal, somatic anxiety, social anxiety, intrusive cognitions, traumatic reexperiencing, and avoidance. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Review on Diagnostic Criteria of Neurasthenia: Suggesting Pathway of Culture-bound dieases.

J Pharmacopuncture 2017 Dec 21;20(4):230-234. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: Neurasthenia is a disease which consists of increased fatigue or bodily weakness and exhaustion plus pantalgia, dizziness, headache and other symtoms relevant to autonomic nerve dysfunction. There are plenty of studies investigating the history of diagnostic criteria of neurasthenia, which is influenced by diverse cultural(or social) environment. The obejective of this study is to provide review of the previous studys on the changes of neurasthenia diagnoses in the context of local area to find meanings of these transition and improve health care for psychiatric patient. Read More

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December 2017

Narcissism and Interpersonal Problems Among Psychiatric Outpatients: What Is the Role of Defensive Style?

J Nerv Ment Dis 2018 Sep;206(9):711-715

Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

A growing body of evidence points to significant interpersonal problems associated with narcissism in clinical samples. Less well understood are the mechanisms by which narcissism negatively impacts one's interpersonal functioning. The present study investigated defensive style as a possible mediator of the relationship between narcissism and interpersonal problems. Read More

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September 2018

Withdrawn and wired: Problematic internet use accounts for the link of neurotic withdrawal to sleep disturbances.

Sleep Sci 2018 Mar-Apr;11(2):69-73

Iowa State University, Psychology - AMes - IA - USA.

Although neuroticism is the strongest personality predictor of sleep disturbance, it is not clear whether dysphoric (Withdrawal) or angry (Volatility) aspect of neuroticism is more important and whether problematic technology use plays an intervening role. To this end, this study examined distinct contributions of neurotic withdrawal and volatility in predicting self-reported sleep disturbance while testing the mediating role of problematic internet use. One-hundred and fourty-three college students completed an online survey that included measures of neuroticism, sleep quality, and problematic internet use. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of a coaching workshop for the management of veterinary nursing students' OSCE-associated test anxiety.

Ir Vet J 2018 27;71:15. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Science Centre, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Background: High stress levels amongst undergraduates (particularly in relation to assessment) and efforts to improve mental wellbeing have been increasingly reported in the veterinary educational literature. However reports to date have primarily focused on the experiences of students of veterinary medicine, rather than veterinary nursing students.

Methods: The purpose of this mixed method sequential explanatory study was to establish the "Big-five" personality traits and quantify the level of test anxiety associated with objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) amongst a cohort of 23 final year veterinary nursing students at an Irish third level college. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Personality Traits and Physical Complaints in Patients With Acromegaly: A Cross Sectional Multi-Center Study With Analysis of Influencing Factors.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 17;9:391. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, 1. Medical Clinic, University Medical Center, Mainz, Germany.

Acromegalic patients display a distinct neuropsychological profile and suffer from chronic physical complaints. We aimed to investigate in more detail these aspects in acromegalic patients, dependent on influencing factors like disease activity, age, sex, chronic medication, surgery, pituitary radiation, pituitary insufficiency and comorbidities. Cross sectional, multicentric. Read More

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July 2018
8 Reads

[A comparative study of the efficacy of personality-oriented (reconstructive) and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy in neurotic anxiety disorders with insomnia].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(4. Vyp. 2):60-66

V.M. Bekhterev National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Aim: To study personality-oriented (reconstructive) and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy in patients with neurotic anxiety disorders with insomnia.

Material And Methods: Ninety-eight patients with disorders coded in ICD-10 as F 40.0; F40. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Are open and neurotic behaviors related to cognitive behaviors in daily life of older adults?

J Pers 2018 Jul 25. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Psychology and University Research Priority Program (URPP) "Dynamics of Healthy Aging", University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: Previous research has shown a positive relationship between Openness and cognitive engagement as well as Neuroticism and cognitive complaints at the between-person level. However, less is known about these associations at the within-person level in daily life. Using daily assessments, the present study examined these associations both at the between-person and within-person level. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads

Informant Personality Is Associated With Ratings of Memory Problems in Older Adults.

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 2018 Nov 24;33(7):479-489. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Westminster, London, United Kingdom.

Memory complaints are a key diagnostic criterion for dementia and mild cognitive impairment. Rating scales can be used to capture information about individuals' memory problems from informants such as family members. However, problems with scale reliability suggest that individual differences influence the ratings informants provide. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Exploring the pathophysiology of emotion-based impulsivity: The roles of the sympathetic nervous system and hostile reactivity.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Sep 19;267:368-375. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

The tendency to engage in impulsive behavior in the context of negative affect, known as negative urgency, has emerged as a powerful transdiagnostic predictor of behavioral dysregulation. Although general vulnerability to negative affect (neuroticism) correlates with negative urgency, not all neurotic individuals engage in urgent behavior. Given prior experimental evidence that sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation may promote emotion-related impulsivity, the present study examines tonic SNS activity as a moderator of the link between neuroticism and negative urgency. Read More

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September 2018
2.470 Impact Factor

Marital processes linking economic hardship to mental health: The role of neurotic vulnerability.

J Fam Psychol 2018 Oct 25;32(7):936-946. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Statistics, Iowa State University.

Both enduring neurotic vulnerabilities and economic hardship have been shown to negatively influence marital behaviors, which have physical and mental health consequences. However, because most previous research is fragmented and has focused on the early years of marriage or relatively short periods of time, their long-term effects are unclear. Using data from the Iowa Midlife Transitions Project, with a sample of 370 married couples providing data from 1991 to 2001, we assessed enduring personal and couple vulnerabilities, trajectories of family economic hardship, and couples' marital hostility using a comprehensive dyadic model to ascertain their influence on subsequent mental health. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Attitude of Indian Medical Students Towards Homosexuality.

East Asian Arch Psychiatry 2018 Jun;28(2):59-63

Mental Health and Cultural Diversity, Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London, London, UK.

Introduction: It is important to understand the attitude of medical students towards homosexuality, as this may affect patient care.

Methods: Year 2 and 3 students at Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, India were asked to selfadminister an 18-item questionnaire anonymously. Internal consistency of the questionnaire statements was high (Cronbach's alpha of 0. Read More

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June 2018
10 Reads

Psychiatric (axis I) and personality (axis II) disorders in patients with burning mouth syndrome or atypical facial pain.

Scand J Pain 2011 Oct 1;2(4):155-160. Epub 2011 Oct 1.

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Background and aims Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and atypical facial pain (AFP) are often persistent idiopathic pain conditions that mainly affect middle-aged and elderly women. They have both been associated with various psychiatric disorders. This study examined current and lifetime prevalence of psychiatric axis I (symptom-based) and II (personality) disorders in patients with chronic idiopathic orofacial pain, and investigated the temporal relationship of psychiatric disorders and the onset of orofacial pain. Read More

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October 2011
7 Reads

Neurological melioidosis (Burkholderia pseudomallei) in a chronic psychotic patient treated with antipsychotics: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 06;97(24):e11110

Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan ( R.O.C.).

Rationale: Neurological melioidosis, an extremely rare condition, is caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. If treatment is suboptimal or delayed, this infection can produce diverse clinical symptoms and result in death.

Patient Concerns: A healthy 65-year-old female who had been treated with antipsychotic medication for neurotic depression for over 2 years presented with acute-onset fever, headache, lead-pipe rigidity of all limbs, and delirium. Read More

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June 2018
10 Reads

Mortality in people with mental disorders in the Czech Republic: a nationwide, register-based cohort study.

Lancet Public Health 2018 Jun;3(6):e289-e295

Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Global Health, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: The region of central and eastern Europe is estimated to have high rates of premature mortality due to mental disorders. However, epidemiological evidence is scarce and insufficient to inform policy actions and health system development. We aimed to assess mortality associated with mental disorders in the Czech Republic. Read More

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June 2018
27 Reads

Prevalence and determinants of common mental illness among adult residents of Harari Regional State, Eastern Ethiopia.

Pan Afr Med J 2017 24;28:262. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Harar Health Sciences College, Harar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Common mental disorders include depression, anxiety and somatoform disorders are a public health problem in developed as well as developing countries. It represents a psychiatric morbidity with significant prevalence, affecting all stages of life and cause suffering to the individuals, their family and communities. Despite this fact, little information about the prevalence of common mental illness is available from low and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. Read More

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June 2018
26 Reads

[The features of psychopharmacotherapy of depressive states with panic attacks].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018;118(4):65-69

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To develop therapeutic programs for treatment of depression with panic attacks on the basis of their clinical and psychopathological features.

Material And Methods: A total of 100 in- and outpatients, aged from 18 to 60 years, with depression of mild and moderate severity with panic attacks were studied. The investigation was carried out using clinical, psychopathological and psychometric (the Atypical Depression Diagnostic Scale (ADDS), the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scales (MADRS), and the Sheehan Anxiety Rating Scale (ShARS)) methods. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Cosa Nostra and the Camorra: Assessment of personality, alexithymic traits, and attachment styles.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2018 May - Jun;58:17-26. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Human Sciences, LUMSA University, Rome, Italy.

The Mafia (Cosa Nostra) and the Camorra are criminal organizations deeply rooted in an immoral familyism in which group interests are protected to the detriment of the individual. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of personality disorders, alexithymic traits and specific attachment styles in a sample of members belonging to these two different organized crime groups. We carried out two studies adopting two different perspectives. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Links between psychotic and neurotic symptoms in the general population: an analysis of longitudinal British National Survey data using Directed Acyclic Graphs.

Psychol Med 2018 May 29:1-8. Epub 2018 May 29.

Division of Psychiatry,University College London,London,UK.

Background: Non-psychotic affective symptoms are important components of psychotic syndromes. They are frequent and are now thought to influence the emergence of paranoia and hallucinations. Evidence supporting this model of psychosis comes from recent cross-fertilising epidemiological and intervention studies. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Jealousy as a Driving Force for Murder.

Authors:
Nicolas Evzonas

Psychoanal Rev 2018 Jun;105(3):257-277

CRPMS (Centre for Research in Psychoanalysis, Medicine, and Society), UFR of Psychoanalytic Studies, Diderot University-Paris VII, Sorbonne Paris Cité University Group, 8, Rue Albert Einstein, 75013 Paris, France. E-mail:

This essay draws on analytic concepts and artistic examples in order to explore murder as the ultimate fate of jealousy. The paper first explores two seemingly neurotic forms of possessive fury that result in a crime of passion. Both cases probe the criminal potential of a supposedly normal subject and question the frontiers of narcissism and self-love, while discussing gender stereotypes. Read More

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June 2018
8 Reads

Improving the effectiveness of performance feedback by considering personality traits and task demands.

PLoS One 2018 22;13(5):e0197810. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Although performance feedback is widely employed as a means to improve motivation, the efficacy and reliability of performance feedback is often obscured by individual differences and situational variables. The joint role of these moderating variables remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigate how the motivational impact of feedback is moderated by personality and task-difficulty. Read More

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November 2018

Impact of Personality Traits, Anxiety, Depression and Hopelessness Levels on Quality of Life in the Patients with Breast Cancer.

Eur J Breast Health 2018 Apr 1;14(2):105-111. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Department of General Surgery, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts of personality traits, anxiety, depression and hopelessness levels on quality of life in the patients with breast cancer.

Materials And Methods: The study was performed on 90 patients diagnosed with breast cancer and 90 healthy women. Sociodemographic and Clinical Data Collection Form designed by us, Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Beck Anxiety Scale (BAS), Beck Depression Scale (BDS), Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) and Quality of Life Scale-Short Form (SF-36) were administered to patients and to control group. Read More

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April 2018
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Empirical typology of adolescent personality organization.

J Adolesc 2018 Jul 7;66:31-48. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, NY, USA.

The concept of personality organization (PO) is central to current psychodynamic understanding of normal personality development as well as the development of personality disorders (PDs). However, individual differences in PO have primarily been studied in adult populations, and it remains unclear whether the clinical indicators of normal, neurotic and borderline PO manifest differently during adolescence. This study aimed to address the gaps in current knowledge regarding the potentially different manifestation of pathological PO in adolescence. Read More

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July 2018
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