8,825 results match your criteria Neuropsychologia [Journal]


Modulation of automatic and creative features of the Remote Associates Test by angular gyrus stimulation.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel; The Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Israel.

Creative thinking comprises two main components: divergent and convergent thinking. The Remote Associates Test (RAT) was designed to examine the ability to form associative elements into new combinations, however it is widely used as a general creativity measure, without sub-dividing it to its components. Our goal here was to explore the sub-components of the RAT, aiming to link them to the angular gyrus (AG) activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Gradations of interpretability in spoken complex word recognition.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Oxford, UK. Electronic address:

In an ERP experiment with cross-modal priming, we found evidence for graded interpretability of complex pseudowords, expressed as differences in the degree of priming between a complex pseudoword and its embedded base word. Only pseudowords that were constructed according to the morphological constraints of the language (for instance that nouns suffixed in {-ung} in German must be derived from a verbal base) led to significant attenuation of the N400 component relative to an unrelated control. Novel formations that consisted of the concatenation of a stem and affix regardless of their combinability (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
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Behavioral and electctrophysiological evidence for enhanced sensitivity to subtle variations of pain expressions of same-race than other-race faces.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, China. Electronic address:

Recent research has shown enhanced brain activity in responses to pain expression of same-race than other-race faces. However, due to the stimuli used in electctrophysiological (EEG) research (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.008DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Improved balance performance accompanied by structural plasticity in blind adults after training.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Universität Hamburg, Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, Von-Melle-Park 11, 20146, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Postural control requires the sensory integration of visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive signals. In the absence of vision, either by blindfolding or in blind individuals, balance performance is typically poorer than with sight. Previous research has suggested that despite showing compensatory vestibular and proprioceptive processing during upright standing, balance performance in blind individuals is overall lower than in sighted controls with eyes open. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.005DOI Listing
April 2019
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An electrophysiological investigation of orthographic spatial integration in reading.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, Aix-Marseille University & CNRS, France.

During reading, word recognition speed is influenced by the amount of orthographic overlap with surrounding words. The nature of this phenomenon is not understood: some theories attribute it to low-level visual operations (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.009DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Exploring the fatigue affecting electroencephalography based functional brain networks during real driving in young males.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Northeastern University, 110819 Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

In recent years, a large proportion of traffic accidents are caused by driver fatigue. The brain has been conceived as a complex network, whose function can be assessed with EEG. Hence, in this research, fourteen subjects participated in the real driving experiments, and a comprehensive EEG-based expert system was designed for detecting driver fatigue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Effect of face-related task on rapid individual face discrimination.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Institute of Research in Psychological Science, Institute of Neuroscience, Université de Louvain, Belgium; Université de Lorraine, CNRS, CRAN, F-54000, Nancy, France; Université de Lorraine, CHRU-Nancy, Service de Neurologie, F-5400, France.

Human adults can typically visually discriminate the faces of unfamiliar individuals accurately, rapidly, and automatically, i.e. even without the explicit intention to do so. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932183048
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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White matter integrity in brain structures supporting semantic processing is associated with value-directed remembering in older adults.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.

White matter microstructure changes substantially in aging. To better understand how the integrity of white matter structures supports the selective learning of rewarding material, 23 healthy older adults were tested on a value-directed remembering task. This task involved successive free recall word lists where items differed in importance, as denoted by value cues preceding each word. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Immediate and delayed auditory feedback in declarative learning: An examination of the feedback related event related potentials.

Authors:
S Kim Y Arbel

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, MGH Institute of Health Professions, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

The study examined the effect of feedback timing on the FRN and N170 ERP components in the context of feedback-based learning, by manipulating feedback timing and presenting auditory feedback. Previous studies reported that the FRN was modulated by feedback timing when feedback was visual. Additionally, the N170 ERP component was recently found to be sensitive to the timing of visual feedback (Arbel et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Effects of language proficiency on cognitive control: Evidence from resting-state functional connectivity.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychology and Center for Brain, Behavior, and Cognition, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA. Electronic address:

Cognitive studies suggest that bilingualism plays an additional role in the development of cognitive control, specifically in that bilingualism has been found to promote cognitive abilities in switching and inhibition. In recent years functional neuroimaging studies suggest that long-term experience of speaking two languages results in changes of neural activity in the cognitive control network. Here we explore the impacts of second language proficiency on intrinsic functional connectivity of the executive function network using resting-state functional MRI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932183041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.020DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Auditory rhyme processing in expert freestyle rap lyricists and novices: An ERP study.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Centre for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Department of Music, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA; Stanford Neurosciences Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Music and language processing share and sometimes compete for brain resources. An extreme case of such shared processing occurs in improvised rap music, in which performers, or 'lyricists', combine rhyming, rhythmic, and semantic structures of language with musical rhythm, harmony, and phrasing to create integrally meaningful musical expressions. We used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate how auditory rhyme sequence processing differed between expert lyricists and non-lyricists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.022DOI Listing

Relationship between cortical thickness and fluency in the memory disorders clinic population.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.

As brain networks break down in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, language and executive function frequently decline. We aimed to quantify the relationship between fluency (both categorical and phonemic) and cortical thickness using data from a large cohort of patients who were undergoing assessment at a memory disorders clinic. In addition, we defined the pattern of these relationships across the four major lobes of the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.021DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads
3.302 Impact Factor

The role of the IPL in person identification.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2;129:164-170. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

We investigate the brain activations when identifying a newly encountered individual as being the same as a person previously perceived, a fundamental but seldom acknowledged process. In an identity condition, two faces had to be identified as the same person in contrast to a control condition, in which two faces had to be recognised as belonging to similar looking twins. Our results demonstrate an increase of neural activation in frontal as well as in parietal areas including the left inferior parietal lobe and the precuneus during identification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.019DOI Listing

Interocular transfer of visual memory - Influence of visual impairment and abnormalities of the optic chiasm.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2;129:171-178. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Germany; Center for Behavioural Brain Sciences, Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Due to an increased crossing of the optic nerve fibers at the optic chiasm in albinism, the visual cortex receives largely monocular input from the contralateral eye. Here we investigated whether this obstruction of binocular integration at the cortical input stage also impacts on interocular information exchange at the high processing level of visual memory. Interocular transfer (IOT) of visual memory retrieval was tested psychophysically after monocular encoding in 8 albinotic participants and 24 healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.018DOI Listing
April 2019
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Are eyes special? Electrophysiological and behavioural evidence for a dissociation between eye-gaze and arrows attentional mechanisms.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 30;129:146-152. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Experimental Psychology, And Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Spain.

It has been proposed that attention triggered by eye-gaze may represent a unique attentional process, different from that triggered by non-social stimuli such as arrows. To investigate this issue, in the present study we compared the temporal dynamics of the conflict processing triggered by eye-gaze and arrow stimuli. We investigated the electrophysiological activity during a task in which participants were required to identify the direction of laterally presented eye-gaze or arrow targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.017DOI Listing
March 2019
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Dynamics of brain activation during learning of syllable-symbol paired associations.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 28;129:93-103. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, 00076, Aalto University, Finland; Aalto NeuroImaging, 00076, Aalto University, Finland.

Initial stages of reading acquisition require the learning of letter and speech sound combinations. While the long-term effects of audio-visual learning are rather well studied, relatively little is known about the short-term learning effects at the brain level. Here we examined the cortical dynamics of short-term learning using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) in two experiments that respectively addressed active and passive learning of the association between shown symbols and heard syllables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.016DOI Listing

The supplementary motor area syndrome and cognitive control.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 28;129:141-145. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Umeå Center for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI), Umeå University, S-901 87, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Umeå University, S-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

The Supplementary Motor Area (SMA)-syndrome is a transient disturbance of the ability to initiate voluntary motor and speech actions that will often occur immediately after neurosurgical resections in the dorsal superior frontal gyrus but will typically have disappeared after 3 months. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the extent to which this syndrome is associated with alterations in cognitive control. Five patients who were to different extents affected by the SMA-syndrome after surgery for WHO grade II gliomas in the left hemisphere, were tested with the color word interference (Stroop) test; the Bergen dichotic listening test and for letter and category verbal fluency before surgery, 1-2 days after surgery and approximately 3 months after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.013DOI Listing

Fractionating the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test: Distinct roles of large-scale cortical networks in prodromal Alzheimer's disease.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 28;129:83-92. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Neurology, Frontotemporal Disorders Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Successful episodic memory calls upon a number of different cognitive processes that are supported by the coordination of several large-scale cortical networks. Previous work from our group has demonstrated dissociable anatomic substrates at different stages of memory in patients with dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of the current study was to extend the understanding of brain-behavior associations underlying a commonly administered neuropsychological assessment of verbal episodic memory (Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test; RAVLT) by determining the cortical network contributions to the performance at early vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
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Does hypnotic susceptibility influence information processing speed and motor cortical preparatory activity?

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 28;129:179-190. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Exercise Sciences, Auckland, New Zealand; Centre for Brain Research, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Responsiveness to suggestions while hypnotized is termed hypnotic susceptibility. An association between reaction time and hypnotic susceptibility has been demonstrated, but whether distinct changes in brain activity accompany this relationship remains unclear. We investigated the effect of hypnotic susceptibility on the speed of information processing and motor cortical preparatory activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.014DOI Listing

Effects of sensation seeking on habituation to novelty: An EEG study.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 25;129:133-140. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China. Electronic address:

Sensation seeking is characterized by a strong need for novelty and has been associated with various risk-taking behaviors. Using the extreme between-group design, the current study investigated the electrophysiological mechanisms underlying habituation to novelty processing in sensation seeking. Twenty high sensation seekers (HSS) and 20 low sensation seekers (LSS) performed an auditory oddball task while their EEG was recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Contralateral delay activity during temporal order memory.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 25;129:104-116. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, 1010, Vienna, Austria.

In everyday life, we constantly need to remember the temporal sequence of visual events over short periods of time, for example, when making sense of others' actions or watching a movie. While there is increasing knowledge available on neural mechanisms underlying visual working memory (VWM) regarding the identity and spatial location of objects, less is known about how the brain encodes and retains information on temporal sequences. Here, we investigate whether the contralateral-delay activity (CDA), a well-studied electroencephalographic (EEG) component associated with VWM of object identity, also reflects the encoding and retention of temporal order. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.012DOI Listing

Sibling experience prevents neural tuning to adult faces in 10-month-old infants.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 26;129:72-82. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy; NeuroMI, Milan Center for Neuroscience, Italy.

Early facial experience provided by the infant's social environment is known to shape face processing abilities, which narrow during the first year of life towards adult human faces of the most frequently encountered ethnic groups. Here we explored the hypothesis that natural variability in facial input may delay neural commitment to face processing by testing the impact of early natural experience with siblings on infants' brain responses. Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) evoked by upright and inverted adult and child faces were compared in two groups of 10-month-old infants with (N = 21) and without (N = 22) a child sibling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.010DOI Listing

The - weak - role of memory in tool use: Evidence from neurodegenerative diseases.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 19;129:117-132. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Laboratory of Psychology LPPL (EA 4638), University of Angers, France; Neuropsychological Unit, Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Angers, France.

Objective: Although tool use disorders are frequent in neurodegenerative diseases, the question of which cognitive mechanisms are at stake is still under debate. Memory-based hypotheses (i.e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.008DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Perceptual load in decision making: The role of anterior insula and visual areas. An ERP study.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 19;129:65-71. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Dept. of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Italy.

The present study aimed at describing the effects of perceptual load on neurocognitive processes of decision-making. To this aim, we used a visual-motor discriminative task in which pairs of stimuli were assigned to either target or non-target categories. For each category, stimulus configuration was defined as simple or complex according to orientation and arrangement of the constituent segments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.009DOI Listing

Rapid and automatic discrimination between facial expressions in the human brain.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 15;129:47-55. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Developmental Ethology and Cognitive Psychology Group, Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Inra, AgroSup Dijon, F-21000, Dijon, France. Electronic address:

Automatic responses to brief expression changes from a neutral face have been recently isolated in the human brain using fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) coupled with scalp electroencephalography (EEG). Based on these observations, here we isolate specific neural signatures for the rapid categorization of each of 5 basic expressions, i.e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

The Neural Mechanism of Number Line Bisection: A fMRI study.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 15;129:37-46. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

School of Psychology, South China Normal University, 510631 Guangzhou, PR China; Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, 510631 Guangzhou, PR China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, South China Normal University, 510631 Guangzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

The neural networks involved in number line bisection are poorly understood. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate these. fMRI was analyzed from 28 healthy volunteers who performed number and physical line bisection tasks (and their respective baselines). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
3.302 Impact Factor

Behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of interactions between grouping principles in touch: Evidence from psychophysical indirect tasks.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 14;129:21-36. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Departamento de Psicología Básica II, Studies on Aging and Neurodegenerative Diseases Research Group, Spain. Electronic address:

In two experiments we investigated the behavioral and brain correlates of the interactions between spatial-proximity and texture-similarity grouping principles in touch. We designed two adaptations of the repetition discrimination task (RDT) previously used in vision. This task provides an indirect measure of grouping that does not require explicit attention to the grouping process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.005DOI Listing

The Biological Basis of Social Cognition During Development.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar;126:1-2

Lancaster University, Department of Psychology.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.020DOI Listing

Amygdala functional network during recognition of own-age vs. other-age faces in younger and older adults.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 12;129:10-20. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Florida, USA; Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, Institute on Aging, University of Florida, Florida, USA; Center for Cognitive Aging and Memory, Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Facial cues, such as a person's age, provide important information for social interactions. Processing such facial cues can be affected by observer bias. However, there is currently no consensus regarding how the brain is processing facial cues related to age, and if facial age processing changes as a function of the age of the observer (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Friends and foes: Neural correlates of prosocial decisions with peers in adolescence.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 12;129:153-163. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Adolescence is a critical period for social orientation to peers and for developing social skills in interactions with peers. In the current study we examined the neural correlates of prosocial decisions for friends and disliked peers, and their links with participants' friendship quality and empathy as indices of social competence. Participants' friends and disliked peers were identified using sociometric nominations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Short exposure to a foreign accent impacts subsequent cognitive processes.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 8;129:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium.

Although speaking a foreign language is undoubtedly an asset, foreign-accented speakers are usually perceived negatively. It is unknown, however, to what extent this bias impacts cognitive processes. Here, we used ERPs and pupillometry to investigate whether the negative bias generated by a short exposure to a foreign accent influences the overall perception of a speaker, even when the person is not speaking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.021DOI Listing

Time-course investigation of postural sway variability: Does anxiety exacerbate the sensory reweighting impairment in chronic stroke survivors?

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 8;127:185-194. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Khalifa University of Science, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Although anxiety is one of the most prevalent psychological disorders in stroke survivors, its effect on sensory reweighting has not yet been fully studied. The aim of this work was to investigate how anticipation of collision avoidance events affects sensory reweighting in chronic stroke survivors with low and high levels of anxiety (LA-stroke and HA-stroke, respectively), as compared with healthy controls (HC), under the condition of perturbed proprioception. Eighteen LA-stroke and 18 HA-stroke survivors, as well as 18 gender- and age-matched HC, participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.01.023DOI Listing

Conscious perception in patients with prefrontal damage.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Servicio de Neuropsicología. Hospital Universitario San Rafael, Granada, Spain.

We are conscious and verbally report some of the information reaching our senses, although a big amount of information is processed unconsciously. There is no agreement about the neural correlates of consciousness, with low-level theories proposing that neural processing on primary sensory brain regions is the most important neural correlate of consciousness, while high-level theories propose that activity within the fronto-parietal network is the key component of conscious processing (Block, 2009). Contrary to the proposal of high-level theories, patients with prefrontal lobe damage do not present clinical symptoms associated to consciousness deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Posterior parietal influences on visual network specialization during development: An fMRI study of functional connectivity in children ages 9 to 12.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 5;127:158-170. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, USA. Electronic address:

Visual processing in the primate brain is highly organized along the ventral visual pathway, although it is still unclear how categorical selectivity emerges in this system. While many theories have attempted to explain the pattern of visual specialization within the ventral occipital and temporal areas, the biased connectivity hypothesis provides a framework which postulates extrinsic connectivity as a potential mechanism in shaping the development of category selectivity. As the posterior parietal cortex plays a central role in visual attention, we examined whether the pattern of parietal connectivity with the face and scene processing regions is closely linked with the functional properties of these two visually selective networks in a cohort of 60 children ages 9 to 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440865PMC
April 2019
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Improved language production with transcranial direct current stimulation in progressive supranuclear palsy.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2;127:148-157. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Neuropsychology Research Unit, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia; Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia; Neurology Department, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is an atypical parkinsonian disorder that can present with language production deficits in addition to the characteristic progressive parkinsonian motor symptoms. Although typical parkinsonism treatments such as pharmacotherapy are not effective in PSP, non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have shown promise for treating cognitive deficits relating to this disorder. We report the case of KN, who presented with reduced verbal fluency and connected speech production in the context of PSP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.022DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Egocentric processing in the roll plane and dorsal parietal cortex: A TMS-ERP study of the subjective visual vertical.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2;127:113-122. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Germany; German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Germany; Graduate School of Systemic Neurosciences, LMU Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

The intraparietal sulcus within the dorsal right posterior parietal cortex is associated with spatial orientation and attention in relation to egocentric reference frames, such as left or right hemifield. It remains unclear whether it plays a causal role in the human in the roll plane (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.023DOI Listing

The impact of advice distance on advice taking: Evidence from an ERP study.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 1;129:56-64. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, China.

To use ERPs to investigate the impact of advice distance on advice taking in the Judge-Advisor System (JAS) paradigm, behavioural and ERP data were recorded from 20 subjects. The behavioural discrepancies and EEG characteristics of advice taking, as affected by the advice distances, were compared. The results showed that the relationship between the modification rate of a decision maker's initial estimation and the advice distance exhibited an inverse U-shaped curve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.019DOI Listing

Neuronal mechanisms of motion detection underlying blindsight assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Neuropsychologia 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Centre de recherche en neuropsychologie et cognition (CERNEC), Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada; Département de Psychologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3J7; Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Brain imaging offers a valuable tool to observe functional brain plasticity by showing how sensory inputs reshape cortical activations after a visual impairment. Following a unilateral post-chiasmatic lesion affecting the visual cortex, patients may suffer a contralateral visual loss referred to homonymous hemianopia. Nevertheless, these patients preserve the ability to unconsciously detect, localize and discriminate visual stimuli presented in their impaired visual field. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019
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The intrinsic neural architecture of inhibitory control: The role of development and emotional experience.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 26;127:93-105. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Rotman Research Institute and Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Toronto, M6A 2E1, Canada.

Inhibitory control is a key determinant of goal-directed behavior. Its susceptibility to reward implies that its variations may not only reflect cognitive ability, but also sensitivity to goal-relevant information. Since cognitive ability and motivational sensitivity vary as a function of age and mood, we hypothesized that their relevance for predicting individual differences in inhibition would similarly vary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.01.021DOI Listing

Speech motor planning in the context of phonetically similar words: Evidence from apraxia of speech and aphasia.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 25;127:171-184. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

The University of Arizona, United States.

The purpose of this study was to test two competing hypotheses about the nature of the impairment in apraxia of speech (AOS). The Reduced Buffer Capacity Hypothesis argues that people with AOS can hold only one syllable at a time in the speech motor planning buffer. The Program Retrieval Deficit Hypothesis, states that people with AOS have difficulty accessing the intended motor program in the context where several motor programs are activated simultaneously. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459184PMC
April 2019
25 Reads

Pervasive autobiographical memory impairments in Huntington's disease.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 25;127:123-130. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

School of Psychological Sciences, Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. Electronic address:

Autobiographical memory dysfunction is a pervasive feature of neurodegenerative disorders, but less is known about the integrity of autobiographical memory in Huntington's disease (HD). Deficits in anterograde verbal episodic memory on traditional neuropsychological tests have been detected in HD, however, whether personally-relevant autobiographical retrieval is also affected is unknown. We examined autobiographical memory performance in 26 participants genetically confirmed to have HD who were in the peri-manifest stage of the disease (including 12 in the late premanifest stage and 14 who were early diagnosed), and 24 matched controls using the Autobiographical Interview (AI), a semi-structured interview assessing retrieval of autobiographical details from discrete epochs across the lifetime. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.017DOI Listing
April 2019
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Disruption of motor imagery performance following inhibition of the left inferior parietal lobe.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 23;127:106-112. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Laboratory for Brain Recovery and Function, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, B3H4R2, Canada; Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H4R2 Canada; School of Physiotherapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H4R2, Canada; School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H4R2, Canada. Electronic address:

The left inferior parietal lobe (IPL), a brain region localized to the ventro-dorsal stream, is known to be critical to motor imagery (MI) performance. Yet its specific role in processes underlying MI, namely the generation, maintenance, manipulation, and controllability of motor images, is conflicting in the literature. To determine the specific role of the left IPL in MI, the current study sought to examine the effect inhibition of the left IPL has on performance on two disparate measures thought to probe different MI processes within the same participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.016DOI Listing
April 2019
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Implicit development of gaze strategies support motor improvements during action encoding training of prosthesis use.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 23;127:75-83. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

School of Biological Sciences Georgia Institute of Technology, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Action observation training has been suggested to facilitate motor improvements in the lives of persons with neural injury. Previous studies have shown that for persons with upper limb amputation, matched limb training, where prosthesis users emulate each other, has shown promise above mismatched training where a prosthesis user emulates actions of a person with sound limbs (most commonly that of a therapist).

Objective: The mechanism underlying the matched limb training benefit is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.015DOI Listing
April 2019
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Revisiting the Landmark Task as a tool for studying hemispheric specialization: What's really right?

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 22;127:57-65. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Center for Brain Plasticity and Recovery, Georgetown University, Building D, Suite 145, 4000 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, D.C. 20057, USA; Department of Cognitive Science, Johns Hopkins University, Krieger Hall, 2400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.

The "Landmark Task" (LT) is a line bisection judgment task that predominantly activates right parietal cortex. The typical version requires observers to judge bisections for horizontal lines that cross their egocentric midline and therefore may depend on spatial attention as well as spatial representation of the line segments. To ask whether the LT is indeed right-lateralized regardless of spatial attention (for which the right hemisphere is known to be important), we examined LT activation in 26 neurologically healthy young adults using vertical (instead of horizontal) stimuli, as compared with a luminance control task that made similar demands on spatial attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.01.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440843PMC
April 2019
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When morality opposes the law: An fMRI investigation into punishment judgments for crimes with good intentions.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 22;127:195-203. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

The State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

In judicial practice, morally right but legally wrong instances usually pose significant challenges for legal decision makers. To examine the cognitive and neural foundations of legal judgments in criminal cases involving apparent moral conflicts, we scanned 30 female participants during punishment judgments for crimes committed with good intentions. The behavioral results confirmed that moral acceptability was significantly correlated with the punishment ratings only in the good-intentioned crimes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932183050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.01.020DOI Listing
April 2019
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Task modulates ERP effects of orthographic neighborhood for pseudowords but not words.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University.

Words and pseudowords from high-density orthographic neighborhoods elicit larger amplitude N400s than similar items from low-density orthographic neighborhoods in the lexical decision task. This pattern could be interpreted as an increase in the amount of lexico-semantic information to be processed or as an increase in difficulty identifying a word (or rejecting a pseudoword) amongst many co-activated alternatives. In order to dissociate between these mechanisms, we compared neighborhood effects between a lexical decision task (LDT) and a letter search task (LST). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.014DOI Listing
February 2019

Functional and structural basis of the color-flavor incongruency effect in visual search.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 21;127:66-74. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Psychology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

We conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study and a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) study to investigate the functional and structural basis of how visual search for flavor labels in packaging is influenced by the color of the packaging. The participants were cued by a flavor word before searching for a package with this flavor label. The behavioral results of both studies revealed that the participants were slower to find the target when its color was incongruent with the flavor label in terms of color-flavor associations than when it was congruent with the flavor label, which is indicative of a color-flavor incongruency effect in the reaction times. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.013DOI Listing
April 2019
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Girls' attentive traits associate with cerebellar to dorsal attention and default mode network connectivity.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 20;127:84-92. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Child and Adolescent Imaging Research Program, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada; Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada; Department of Radiology, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada; Department of Paediatrics, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada. Electronic address:

Attention traits are a cornerstone to the healthy development of children's performance in the classroom, their interactions with peers, and in predicting future success and problems. The cerebellum is increasingly appreciated as a region involved in complex cognition and behavior, and moreover makes important connections to key brain networks known to support attention: the dorsal attention and default mode networks (DAN; DMN). The cerebellum has also been implicated in childhood disorders affecting attention, namely autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), suggesting that attention networks extending to the cerebellum may be important to consider in relation to attentive traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.011DOI Listing

Visual attention and neural oscillations in reading and dyslexia: Are they possible targets for remediation?

Neuropsychologia 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Visual and Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Department of Optometry & Vision Sciences and Melbourne Neuroscience Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia. Electronic address:

After decades of finding a range of cognitive functions both in visual and phonological domains that correlate with reading performance, there are in recent years attempts to solve the causation versus correlation dilemma in finding a core deficit in developmental dyslexia (DD). Thus, longitudinal studies that aim to predict reading difficulties from studies done in pre-reading years and reading-level matched studies that try to factor out the effect due to lack of reading in DD cohorts, have helped identify two possible candidates to be added to the classical phonological suspect. One is a deficit in visuo-spatial attention that underpins our ability to selectively attend to individual objects in a cluttered world, which is fundamental in being able to identify letters and words in a text such as the one you are reading now. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019

The "semantic P600" in second language processing: When syntax conflicts with semantics.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 18;127:131-147. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

In sentences like "the mouse that chased the cat was hungry", the syntactically correct interpretation (the mouse chases the cat) is contradicted by semantic and pragmatic knowledge. Previous research has shown that L1 speakers sometimes base sentence interpretation on this type of knowledge (so-called "shallow" or "good-enough" processing). We made use of both behavioural and ERP measurements to investigate whether L2 learners differ from native speakers in the extent to which they engage in "shallow" syntactic processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.010DOI Listing