2,709 results match your criteria Neuropeptides [Journal]


Hypothalamic mechanisms associated with corticotropin-releasing factor-induced anorexia in chicks.

Neuropeptides 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, School of Neuroscience, USA; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061, VA, USA. Electronic address:

Central administration of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a 41-amino acid peptide, is associated with potent anorexigenic effects in rodents and chickens. However, the mechanism underlying this effect remains unclear. Hence, the objective of the current study was to elucidate the hypothalamic mechanisms that mediate CRF-induced anorexia in 4 day-old Cobb-500 chicks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

In vitro and in vivo characterization of the bifunctional μ- and δ- opioid receptors ligand MCRT on mouse gastrointestinal motility.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, 222 Tianshui South Road, Lanzhou 730000, China; Key Laboratory of Preclinical Study for New Drugs of Gansu Province, Lanzhou University, 222 Tianshui South Road, Lanzhou 730000, China. Electronic address:

Background: Chimeric opioid MCRT was a novel multi-target ligand based on morphiceptin and PFRTic-NH, and produced potent analgesia (ED = 0.03 nmol/mouse) with less upper gastrointestinal dysmotility. In this study, we sought to perform the tests to evaluate the pharmacological effects of MCRT on distal colon motility and defecation function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Orexin-A signaling in the paraventricular nucleus promote gastric acid secretion and gastric motility through the activation neuropeptide Y Y receptors and modulated by the hypothalamic lateral area.

Neuropeptides 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Qingdao University, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Shandong, Qingdao 266071, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Abnormal gastric acid secretion and gastric dyskinesia are common gastroenterological ailments. Our study aims to investigate the effect of orexin-A in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) gastric motility and gastric acid secretion.

Methods: The source of orexin-A neuronal projections to the PVN were explored by retrograde tracing and fluorescence immunohistochemistry experiments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019

Substance P-mediated cardiac mast cell activation: An in vitro study.

Neuropeptides 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Cell Biology and Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, United States.

The neuropeptide substance P can induce degranulation of cardiac mast cells at high concentrations. Herein, we seek to further understand substance P activation of cardiac mast cells in the context of other neuropeptides as well as modulation by non-neuropeptides. This is important given the increasingly recognized role of both cardiac mast cells and substance P in adverse cardiac remodeling. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Obestatin improve spatial memory impairment in a rat model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders via inhibiting apoptosis and neuroinflammation.

Neuropeptides 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Biology, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran.

Clinical and experimental evidence have demonstrated that, use of alcohol during pregnancy can interrupt brain development. Alcohol-induced neurocognitive deficits in offspring's are involved with activation of oxidative-inflammatory cascade joined with extensive apoptotic neurodegeneration in different brain regions such as hippocampus. Obestatin is a newly discovered peptide with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, activities in different animal models. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Melanin-concentrating hormone does not modulate serotonin release in primary cultures of fetal raphe nucleus neurons.

Neuropeptides 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay. Electronic address:

Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a neuropeptide present in neurons located in the hypothalamus that densely innervate serotonergic cells in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN). MCH administration into the DRN induces a depressive-like effect through a serotonergic mechanism. To further understand the interaction between MCH and serotonin, we used primary cultured serotonergic neurons to evaluate the effect of MCH on serotonergic release and metabolism by HPLC-ED measurement of serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Intra-periaqueductal gray matter administration of orexin-A exaggerates pulpitis-induced anxiogenic responses and c-fos expression mainly through the interaction with orexin 1 and cannabinoid 1 receptors in rats.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 13;73:25-33. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; Department of Orofacial Pain and Dysfunction, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Different types of trigeminal pains are frequently associated with psychophysiological concerns. Orexin-A and orexin 1 receptor (OX1R) are involved in modulation of both trigeminal pain and anxiety responses. Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray matter (vlPAG), a controlling site for nociception and emotion, receives orexinergic inputs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.12.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and its effects on Alzheimer's disease.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 18;73:96-106. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, 76 Yanta West Road, Xi'an 710061, China; Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Diseases (Xi'an Jiaotong University), Ministry of Education of China, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, 76 Yanta West Road, Xi'an 710061, China. Electronic address:

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the major disabling and lethal diseases for aged individuals worldwide. To date, there are more than 10 hypotheses proposed for AD pathology. The beta-amyloid (Aβ) cascade hypothesis is the most widely accepted and proposes that the accumulation of Aβ in the brain is one potential mechanism for AD pathogenesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Endothelin-1 enhanced carotid body chemosensory activity in chronic intermittent hypoxia through PLC, PKC and p38MAPK signaling pathways.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Endothelin-1 (ET-1), as it functions as a neuromodulator, has been associated with hypertension in chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) which attribute to enhanced carotid body sensibility to hypoxia. However, the molecular mechanism of ET-1 on carotid body sensibility in CIH is still not clear. Here, effect of ET-1 on carotid body chemosensory stimulation in rats exposed to either CIH or room air (Normoxia) was explored. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

PACAP and VIP expression in the periaqueductal grey of the rat following sciatic nerve constriction injury.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

School of Medical Sciences (Anatomy and Histology), The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

Nerve injuries often result in neuropathic pain with co-morbid changes in social behaviours, motivation, sleep-wake cycles and neuroendocrine function. In an animal model of neuropathic injury (CCI) similar co-morbid changes are evoked in a subpopulation (~30%) of injured rats. In addition to anatomical evidence of altered neuronal and glial function, the periaqueductal grey (PAG) of these rats shows evidence of cell death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The effect of ghrelin and adenosine mono phosphate kinase (AMPK) on the passive avoidance memory in male wistar rats.

Neuropeptides 2019 02 27;73:66-70. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Neuroscience Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification and characterization of Prokineticin receptor 2 splicing variant and its modulation in an animal model of Alzheimer's disease.

Neuropeptides 2019 02 29;73:49-56. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche A. Rossi Fanelli, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Roma, Italy. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Skeletal phenotype of the neuropeptide Y knockout mouse.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 30;73:78-88. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Reconstructive Sciences, Farmington, CT 06030, USA. Electronic address:

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is involved in multiple processes such as behavior, energy and bone metabolism. Previous studies have relied on global NPY depletion to examine its effects on bone. However, this approach is unable to distinguish the central or local source of NPY influencing bone. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326877PMC
February 2019
2.546 Impact Factor

Neuropeptide Y receptor interactions regulate its mitogenic activity.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 27;73:11-24. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular & Cellular Biology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address:

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a multifunctional neurotransmitter acting via G protein-coupled receptors - Y1R, Y2R and Y5R. NPY activities, such as its proliferative effects, are mediated by multiple receptors, which have the ability to dimerize. However, the role of this receptor interplay in NPY functions remains unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Acute restraint stress induces cholecystokinin release via enteric apelin.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 26;73:71-77. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Stress increases the apelin content in gut, while exogenous peripheral apelin has been shown to induce cholecystokinin (CCK) release. The present study was designed to elucidate (i) the effect of acute stress on enteric production of apelin and CCK, (ii) the role of APJ receptors in apelin-induced CCK release depending on the nutritional status. CCK levels were assayed in portal vein blood samples obtained from stressed (ARS) and non-stressed (NS) rats previously injected with APJ receptor antagonist F13A or vehicle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.007DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Increasing hypothalamic nucleobindin 2 levels and decreasing hypothalamic inflammation in obese male mice via diet and exercise alleviate obesity-associated hypogonadism.

Neuropeptides 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, PR China; School of Kinesiology, Shenyang Sport University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110102, PR China. Electronic address:

To explore the role of nesfatin-1 in regulating male reproductive function during energy balance variation, we employed an obese mouse model which was first induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) and followed by interventions of a normal diet (ND) and/or moderate exercise, and then serum reproductive hormones of male mice, hypothalamic nucleobindin 2 (NUCB2)/nesfatin-1, inflammatory factors, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) levels were tested. Our findings showed that both serum nesfatin-1, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone (T) levels and hypothalamic NUCB2/nesfatin-1 and Gnrh mRNA levels were reduced, whereas, the mRNA and protein levels of hypothalamic tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, inhibitor kappa B kinase β (IKKβ), and nuclear factor (NF)-κB were increased in obese male mice. Diet, exercise, and diet combined with exercise interventions reversed the decreases in serum nesfatin-1, FSH, LH, and T levels; increased hypothalamic NUCB2/nesfatin-1 and Gnrh mRNA levels; and reduced hypothalamic TNF-α, IL-1β, IKKβ, and NF-κB levels. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.10.005DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

PYY(3-36) and exendin-4 reduce food intake and activate neuronal circuits in a synergistic manner in mice.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 19;73:89-95. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Obesity Research, Novo Nordisk A/S, 2760 Måløv, Denmark.

Peptide YY(3-36) ((PYY(3-36)) and glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1) in combination reduce food intake and body weight in an additive or synergistic manner in animal models and in humans. Nevertheless, the mechanisms behind are not completely understood. The present study aims to investigate the effect of combining PYY(3-36) and the GLP-1 receptor agonist exendin-4 (Ex4) by examining acute food intake and global neuronal activation as measured by c-fos in C57BL/6 J mice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Non-sulfated cholecystokinin-8 reduces meal size and prolongs the intermeal interval in male Sprague Dawley rats.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 13;73:57-65. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Gastroenterology Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, United States. Electronic address:

The current study measured seven feeding responses by non-sulfated cholecystokinin-8 (NS CCK-8) in freely fed adult male Sprague Dawley rats. The peptide (0, 0.5, 1, 3, 5 and 10 nmol/kg) was given intraperitoneally (ip) prior to the onset of the dark cycle, and first meal size (MS), second meal size, intermeal interval (IMI) length, satiety ratio (SR = IMI/MS), latency to first meal, duration of first meal, number of meals and 24-hour food intake were measured. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Puerarin alleviate radicular pain from lumbar disc herniation by inhibiting ERK-dependent spinal microglia activation.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 10;72:30-37. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, School of Basic Medical Science, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 511436, China; Institute of Neuroscience and Department of Neurology of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Key Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Channelopathies of Guangdong Province and the Ministry of Education of China, Guangzhou 510260, China.

Lumbar disc herniation is a common cause of radicular pain, but the mechanism remains ambiguous and the treatment stays unsatisfied. Many studies revealed a traditional Chinese medicine puerarin may moderate chronic pain from diabetes and nerve injury. Thus far, the role and mechanism of puerarin in radicular pain is still unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.10.001DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

EGL-3 and EGL-21 are required to trigger nocifensive response of Caenorhabditis elegans to noxious heat.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 13;73:41-48. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Département de Biomédecine Vétérinaire, Groupe de Recherche en Pharmacologie Animal du Québec (GREPAQ), Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, Montréal, QC J2S 2M2, Canada. Electronic address:

Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) is a widely used model organism to examine nocifensive response to noxious stimuli, including heat avoidance. Recently, comprehensive analysis of the genome sequence revealed several pro-neuropeptide genes, encoding a series of bioactive neuropeptides. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.002DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Neuroprotective and antihyperalgesic effects of orexin-A in rats with painful diabetic neuropathy.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 8;73:34-40. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran; Molecular Medicine Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran; Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Afzalipoor Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. Electronic address:

Aim Of Study: Diabetes mellitus is related to the development of neuronal tissue injury in different peripheral and central nervous system regions. A common complication of diabetes is painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDN). We have studied the neuroprotective and anti-nociceptive properties of neuropeptide orexin-A in an animal experimental model of diabetic neuropathy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183011
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.001DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates biometric and inflammatory parameters and anxiety-like behavior in obese rats.

Neuropeptides 2019 Feb 31;73:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Post-Graduate Program in Biological Sciences, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Institute of Basic Health Sciences, Universidade Federal Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Laboratory of Pain Pharmacology and Neuromodulation: Pre clinical studies, Pharmacology Department, Institute of Basic Health Sciences, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Animal Experimentation Unit and Graduate Research Group, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS 90035-003, Brazil; Post-Graduate Program in Medicine: Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address:

Obesity is a multifactorial disease associated with metabolic dysfunction and the prevention and treatment of obesity are often unsatisfactory. Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that has proven promising in the treatment of eating disorders such as obesity. We investigate the effects of tDCS on locomotor and exploratory activities, anxiety-like and feeding behavior, and levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), IL (interleukin)-10, IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the cerebral cortex of obese rats. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183006
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.09.006DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

Effects of RVD-hemopressin (α) on feeding and body weight after standard or cafeteria diet in rats.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 27;72:38-46. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Pharmacy, "G. d'Annunzio" University, Chieti, Italy.

Palatability and variety of foods are major reasons for hedonic eating, and hence for obesity. Hemopressin, a hemoglobin α chain-derived peptide, plays antagonist/inverse agonist role on cannabinoid (CB)1 receptors, while RVD-hemopressin(α)[RVD-hp(α)], a N-terminally extended form of hemopressin, has been reported as an allosteric modulator of CB1 and CB2 receptors. We investigated the effects of 14 daily intraperitoneal injections of RVD-hp(α), in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a highly palatable cafeteria-style (CAF) diet (30% fat, 56% carbohydrate, 14% protein; 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183007
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.10.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Dexmedetomidine reduces oxidative stress and provides neuroprotection in a model of traumatic brain injury via the PGC-1α signaling pathway.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 2;72:58-64. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Anesthesiology, The Affiliated Huai'an No.1 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Huai'an 223002, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

The protective effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) mediated by reductions of oxidative stress, mitochondrial damage and disintegration have been demonstrated in many injury models. However, whether DEX has a beneficial effect on traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains unknown. In this study, the neuroprotective effect of DEX and its potential mechanism were assessed in a model of TBI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.10.004DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Sex differences in forebrain estrogen receptor regulation of hypoglycemic patterns of counter-regulatory hormone secretion and ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus glucoregulatory neurotransmitter and astrocyte glycogen metabolic enzyme expression.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 26;72:65-74. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

School of Basic Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Louisiana Monroe, 356 Bienville Building, 1800 Bienville Drive, Monroe, LA 71201, USA. Electronic address:

The female ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMN) is a focal substrate for estradiol (E) regulation of energy balance, feeding, and body weight, but how E shapes VMN gluco-regulatory signaling in each sex is unclear. This study investigated the hypothesis that estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα) and/or -beta (ERβ) control VMN signals that inhibit [γ-aminobutyric acid] or stimulate [nitric oxide, steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1)] counter-regulation in a sex-dependent manner. VMN nitrergic neurons monitor astrocyte fuel provision; here, we examined how these ER regulate astrocyte glycogen metabolic enzyme, monocarboxylate transporter, and adrenoreceptor protein responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia (IIH) in each sex. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.10.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293983PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Oxytocin and excitation/inhibition balance in social recognition.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 21;72:1-11. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Depatment of Biochemistry, Medical, Pharmaceutical & Toxicological Chemistry, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Prof. V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky, Krasnoyarsk 660022, Russia; Department of Basic Research on Social Recognition and Memory, Research Center for Child Mental Development, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan. Electronic address:

Social recognition is the sensitive domains of complex behavior critical for identification, interpretation and storage of socially meaningful information. Social recognition develops throughout childhood and adolescent, and is affected in a wide variety of psychiatric disorders. Recently, new data appeared on the molecular mechanisms of these processes, particularly, the excitatory-inhibitory (E/I) ratio which is modified during development, and then E/I balance is established in the adult brain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183005
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.09.003DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Potential roles of neurotensin on cognition in conditions of obese-insulin resistance.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 8;72:12-22. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Neurophysiology Unit, Cardiac Electrophysiology Research and Training Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand; Department of Oral Biology and Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. Electronic address:

Neurotensin is an endogenous tridecapeptide that can be found in both central and peripheral nervous systems. Under normal physiological conditions, neurotensin is involved in the regulation of pain, body temperature, physical activity, appetite as well as learning and memory. In addition, it plays an important role in fat metabolism. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.09.002DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Effects of burns on gut motor and mucosa functions.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 21;72:47-57. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Taiwan Association for the Study of Small Intestinal Diseases, Guishan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

This review analyzed the published studies on the effects of thermal injury on gastrointestinal motility and mucosal damage. Our strategy was to integrate all available evidence to provide a complete review on the prokinetic properties of variable reagents and the potential clinical treatment of mucosal damage and gastrointestinal dysmotility after thermal injury. We classified the studies into two major groups: studies on gastrointestinal dysmotility and studies on mucosal damage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.09.004DOI Listing
December 2018

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and epilepsy: a systematic review.

Neuropeptides 2018 Dec 20;72:23-29. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo n. 71, 41124 Modena, Italy.

Several in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo studies imply brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. Aim of our work is to report the most important findings regarding BDNF and its potential role in epilepsy. We targeted those publications addressing both in vitro and in vivo evidences of relationship between BDNF and epilepsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183006
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.09.005DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

PK2β ligand, a splice variant of prokineticin 2, is able to modulate and drive signaling through PKR1 receptor.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 28;71:32-42. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche A. Rossi Fanelli, CNR Istituto di Biologia e Patologia Molecolare, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Prokineticin-2 (PK2) is a secreted bioactive peptide that signals through two GPCRs, the prokineticin receptors (PKRs), and regulates a variety of biological processes including angiogenesis, immunity and nociception. The PK2 primary transcript has two alternative splice variants, PK2 and PK2L (a Long form) which is cleaved in an active peptide, named PK2β that preferentially binds to PKR1 receptor. The aim of this study was to characterize the PK2β. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.06.005DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Reduction in voluntary food intake, but not fasting, stimulates hypothalamic gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone precursor mRNA expression in chicks under heat stress.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 7;71:90-96. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Laboratory of Regulation in Metabolism and Behavior, Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan.

Heat stress is an issue of rising concern across the globe. Recently, we found that mRNA expression of gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), an orexigenic neuropeptide, was increased in the heat-exposed chick brain when food intake was reduced. The aim of the current study was to examine mRNA expression of GnIH and of the glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) in the hypothalamus as well as the plasma corticosterone (CORT) and metabolites in 14-d-old chicks exposed to a high ambient temperature (HT; 40 ± 1 °C for 1 or 5 h) or a control thermoneutral temperature (CT; 30 ± 1 °C), either with free access to food or fasted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183006
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.09.001DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Maternal voluntary exercise ameliorates learning deficit in rat pups exposed, in utero, to valproic acid; role of BDNF and VEGF and their receptors.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 30;71:43-53. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Iran University for Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.. Electronic address:

In utero exposure to therapeutic doses of valproic acid (VPA) during pregnancy can produce physical malformation and CNS abnormalities in the offspring. There is evidence indicating that even lower doses of VPA during pregnancy could cause cognitive impairment in offspring. It has been demonstrated that maternal exercise has positive effects on offspring's cognitive function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.06.006DOI Listing
October 2018
2.550 Impact Factor

Up-regulation of TNF Receptor-associated Factor 7 after spinal cord injury in rats may have implication for neuronal apoptosis.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 8;71:81-89. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong 226001, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

TNF receptor-associated factor 7 (TRAF7), is an E3 ubiquitin ligase for several proteins involved in the activation of TLR-dependent NF-kappaB signaling. TRAF7 links TNF receptor family proteins to signaling pathways, thus participates in regulating cell death and survival mediated by TNF family ligands. To date, the biological function of TRAF7 after spinal cord injury (SCI) is still with limited acquaintance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183006
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.08.001DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Intranasal cerebrolysin improves cognitive function and structural synaptic plasticity in photothrombotic mouse model of medial prefrontal cortex ischemia.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 10;71:61-69. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

Medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) ischemia affects post-stroke cognitive outcomes. We aimed to investigate the effects of different doses and routes of cerebrolysin (CBL) on the structural synaptic plasticity and cognitive function after mPFC ischemia in mice. Thence, CBL (1, 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.07.002DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

Response of NPY immunoreactivity in the tadpole brain exposed to energy rich and energy depleted states.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 14;71:1-10. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of Zoology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007, India. Electronic address:

The central control of feeding in animals depends upon the alternating actions of orexigenic and anorectic peptides. Studies at understanding the food intake mechanisms have emphasised the role of Neuropeptide Y as a potent orexigenic peptide in the brain. The aim of this study is to investigate the response of NPY system to positive and negative energy states and elucidate a holistic response of NPY expression throughout the brain of a tadpole model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.06.001DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Neuroprotective effects of the novel GLP-1 long acting analogue semaglutide in the MPTP Parkinson's disease mouse model.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 11;71:70-80. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Second hospital Neurology Dept., Shanxi medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, PR China; Biomedical and Life Science, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease, and there is no recognised therapy to cure it. Recently, it has been shown that treatments to improve insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) may be useful for PD patients. In previous studies, the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist liraglutide showed good neuroprotective effects in animal models of PD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.07.003DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Sirtuin 1 and Alzheimer's disease: An up-to-date review.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 9;71:54-60. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Division of Geriatric Neurology, Neurology Service, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS 90035-903, Brazil; School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS 90035-903, Brazil.

Sirtuins are NAD+-dependent enzymes that regulate a large number of cellular pathways and are related to aging and age-associated diseases. In recent years, the role of sirtuins in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become increasingly apparent. Growing evidence demonstrates that sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) regulates many processes that go amiss in AD, such as: APP processing, neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.07.001DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The antitumor effect of TAT-DCF1 peptide in glioma cells.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 25;71:21-31. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Laboratory of Molecular Neural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Shanghai University, 99 Shang Da Road, Shanghai 200444, China. Electronic address:

Background: Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant brain cancer, thus, establishing an effective therapy is paramount. Our previous results indicate that dendritic cell-derived factor (DCF1) is an attractive candidate for therapy against Glioblastoma, since its overexpression in Glioblastoma U251 cells leads to apoptosis. However, the delivery approach limits its clinical application, in this paper, we expressed TAT-DCF1 fusion protein in E. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183002
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.06.004DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

Clearance kinetics of the VGF-derived neuropeptide TLQP-21.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 19;71:97-103. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:

TLQP-21 is a multifunctional neuropeptide and a promising new medicinal target for cardiometabolic and neurological diseases. However, to date its clearance kinetics and plasma stability have not been studied. The presence of four arginine residues led us to hypothesize that its half-life is relatively short. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.06.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166661PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Chelating and antioxidant properties of l-Dopa containing tetrapeptide for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

Neuropeptides 2018 Oct 19;71:11-20. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Medicine and Aging Science, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, via dei Vestini 31, 66100 Chieti, Scalo (Chieti), Italy.

Neurodegenerative diseases share a common pathogenetic mechanism involving aggregation and deposition of misfolded proteins, oxidative stress, metal dyshomeostasis, and glutamate exicitotoxicity, which lead to progressive dysfunction of central nervous system (CNS). A potential strategy to counteract these deleterious events at neuronal level is represented by the employment of a novel class of multi-target therapeutic agents that selectively and simultaneously hit these targets In this paper, we report the metal binding and antioxidant properties of a novel metal-protein attenuating peptide, GSH-LD, a tetrapeptide obtained by linking glutathione, a well-known antioxidant tripeptide, to L-Dopa. Results demonstrated that GSH-LD possesses chelating capabilities in order to selectively target the excess of metals without interfere with metal-containing antioxidant enzymes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.06.002DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

The potential role of substance P in brainstem homeostatic control in the pathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 5;70:1-8. Epub 2018 May 5.

Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are believed to have an underlying dysfunction in medullary homeostatic control that impairs critical responses to life threatening challenges such as hypoxia, hypercarbia and asphyxia, often during a sleep period. This failure is thought to result from abnormalities in a network of neural pathways in the medulla oblongata that control respiration, chemosensitivity, autonomic function and arousal. Studies have mainly focused on the role of serotonin, 5-hydroxytyptamine (5HT), although the neuropeptide substance P (SP) has also been shown to play an integral role in the modulation of medullary homeostatic function, often in conjunction with 5-HT. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.02.006DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

FNDC5 expression in Purkinje neurons of adult male rats with acute spinal cord injury following treatment with methylprednisolone.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 7;70:16-25. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Medical Basic Sciences, University of social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious and complex medical condition that can happen to anyone. At present, therapy mainly focuses on rehabilitation and pharmacological treatment, such as methylprednisolone (MP). Supra-spinal changes in certain structures, such as the cerebellum, that receive many afferents from the spinal cord might be one reason for unsuccessful therapeutic outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01434179183000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.002DOI Listing
August 2018
25 Reads

Enhanced radiosensitization of human glioblastoma multiforme cells with phosphorylated peptides derived from Gli2.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 30;70:87-92. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250012, PR China. Electronic address:

Glioma-Associated Oncogene Family Zinc Finger 2 (Gli2) seems to be the major nuclear effector of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling to regulate self-renewal and tumorigenic potential of Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells. Three phosphorylated peptides derived from Gli2 were synthesized and combined with cell-penetrating peptide Tat-(47-57) (AYGRKKRRQRRR). Western Blot was applied to detect the phosphorylation level of Gli2 and cell division protein kinase 6 (CDK6) luciferase reporter was utilized to detect the transcriptional activator function of Gli2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.009DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Exercise-induced changes in neurotrophic factors and markers of blood-brain barrier permeability are moderated by weight status in multiple sclerosis.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 31;70:93-100. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Sport Physiology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) and neurotrophic factors seemingly have an important role in multiple sclerosis pathology. Physical activity may influence blood-brain barrier function and levels of neurotrophic factors, and such effects might be moderated by body weight status. This study investigated the effect of exercise training on markers of blood-brain barrier permeability and neurotrophic factors as a function of weight status in multiple sclerosis patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.010DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Bombesin-induced enhancement of memory consolidation in male and female rat pups: Role of glutamatergic and dopaminergic systems.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 1;70:101-106. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Research Center of Physiology, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran; Research Center of Physiology, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran. Electronic address:

Previous studies have shown that the neuropeptide bombesin (BBS) enhances consolidation of specifically for inhibitory avoidance memory in adult rats. However, its effect on memory consolidation during premature period is not clear as well. Thus, this study evaluated the effect of BBS and its interaction with glutamatergic and dopaminergic systems on memory consolidation in rat pups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.011DOI Listing
August 2018
62 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

Apelin, a promising target for Alzheimer disease prevention and treatment.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 23;70:76-86. Epub 2018 May 23.

Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Paramedical Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with high outbreak rates. It is estimated that about 35 million individuals around the world suffered from dementia in 2010. AD is expected to increase twofold every 20 years and, by 2030, approximately 65 million people could suffer from this illness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.008DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Selective and non-selective OT receptor agonists induce different locomotor behaviors in male rats via central OT receptors and peripheral V1a receptors.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 21;70:64-75. Epub 2018 May 21.

Ferring Research Institute, Inc, San Diego, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Oxytocin (OT) continues to inspire much research due to its diverse physiological effects. While the best-understood actions of OT are uterine contraction and milk ejection, OT is also implicated in maternal and bonding behaviors, and potentially in CNS disorders such as autism, schizophrenia, and pain. The dissection of the mechanism of action of OT is complicated by the fact that this peptide activates not only its cognate receptor but also vasopressin type 1a (V1a) receptors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.007DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

The potential role of thyrotropin-releasing hormone in colonic dysmotility induced by water avoidance stress in rats.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 24;70:47-54. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, China. Electronic address:

Objective: This study sought to investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of thyrotrophin releasing hormone (TRH) on colonic contractile disorders induced by chronic water avoidance stress (WAS).

Methods: Male SD rats were exposed to daily 1-h WAS or sham WAS for 10 consecutive days. The presence of TRH in the serum and colonic mucosa were determined using enzyme immunoassay kits. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.005DOI Listing

An insurmountable NPY Y5 receptor antagonist exhibits superior anti-obesity effects in high-fat diet-induced obese mice.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 17;70:55-63. Epub 2018 May 17.

Drug Discovery & Disease Research Laboratory, Shionogi & Co., Ltd., 3-1-1 Futaba-cho, Toyonaka, Osaka 561-0825, Japan.

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y5 receptor plays a key role in the effects of NPY, an important neurotransmitter in the control of energy homeostasis including stimulation of food intake and inhibition of energy expenditure. The NPY-Y5 receptor system has been an attractive drug target for potential use in treating obesity. Here we report the discovery and characterization of two novel Y5 receptor antagonists, S-2367 and S-234462. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.006DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Effects of estradiol on lactoprivic signaling of the hindbrain upon the contraregulatory hormonal response and metabolic neuropeptide synthesis in hypoglycemic female rats.

Neuropeptides 2018 Aug 17;70:37-46. Epub 2018 May 17.

Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, College of Health and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, LA 71201, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Caudal dorsomedial hindbrain detection of hypoglycemia-associated lactoprivation regulates glucose counter-regulation in male rats. In females, estradiol (E) determines hypothalamic neuroanatomical and molecular foci of hindbrain energy sensor activation. This study investigated the hypothesis that E signal strength governs metabolic neuropeptide and counter-regulatory hormone responses to hindbrain lactoprivic stimuli in hypoglycemic female rats. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.npep.2018.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057805PMC
August 2018
6 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor