236 results match your criteria Neuromodulation Surgery for Psychiatric Disorders


Leveraging Neuroplasticity to Enhance Adaptive Learning: The Potential for Synergistic Somatic-Behavioral Treatment Combinations to Improve Clinical Outcomes in Depression.

Biol Psychiatry 2018 Sep 20. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Until recently, therapeutic development in psychiatry was targeted solely toward symptom reduction. While this is a worthwhile goal, it has yielded little progress in improved therapeutics in the last several decades in the field of mood disorders. Recent advancements in our understanding of pathophysiology suggests that an impairment of neuroplasticity may be a critical part of the development of neuropsychiatric disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2018.09.004DOI Listing
September 2018

Multiple-therapy-resistant major depressive disorder: a clinically important concept.

Br J Psychiatry 2018 May;212(5):274-278

Centre for Affective Disorders,Institute of Psychiatry,Psychology and Neuroscience,King's College London,London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust,London.

SummaryMany novel therapeutic options for depression exist that are either not mentioned in clinical guidelines or recommended only for use in highly specialist services. The challenge faced by clinicians is when it might be appropriate to consider such 'non-standard' interventions. This analysis proposes a framework to aid this decision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2017.33DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Recommendations for the nomenclature of cognitive change associated with anaesthesia and surgery-2018.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2018 Nov;62(10):1473-1480

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Cognitive change affecting patients after anaesthesia and surgery has been recognised for more than 100 yr. Research into cognitive change after anaesthesia and surgery accelerated in the 1980s when multiple studies utilised detailed neuropsychological testing for assessment of cognitive change after cardiac surgery. This body of work consistently documented decline in cognitive function in elderly patients after anaesthesia and surgery, and cognitive changes have been identified up to 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13250DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

An Open Resource for Non-human Primate Imaging.

Neuron 2018 Oct 27;100(1):61-74.e2. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Center for Biomedical Imaging and Neuromodulation, Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Non-human primate neuroimaging is a rapidly growing area of research that promises to transform and scale translational and cross-species comparative neuroscience. Unfortunately, the technological and methodological advances of the past two decades have outpaced the accrual of data, which is particularly challenging given the relatively few centers that have the necessary facilities and capabilities. The PRIMatE Data Exchange (PRIME-DE) addresses this challenge by aggregating independently acquired non-human primate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) datasets and openly sharing them via the International Neuroimaging Data-sharing Initiative (INDI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2018.08.039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231397PMC
October 2018
8 Reads
15.054 Impact Factor

Fixed-Life or Rechargeable Battery for Deep Brain Stimulation: Which Do Patients Prefer?

Neuromodulation 2018 Aug 22. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, UK.

Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is increasingly used to treat a wide variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Implantable pulse generators (implantable pulse generators/batteries) for DBS were originally only available as a nonrechargeable option. However, there is now a choice between fixed-life and rechargeable batteries, with each having their own advantages and disadvantages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12810DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

A novel re-attachable stereotactic frame for MRI-guided neuronavigation and its validation in a large animal and human cadaver model.

J Neural Eng 2018 Dec 20;15(6):066003. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

School of Engineering, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC 3216, Australia. Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States of America. Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, United States of America.

Objective: Stereotactic frame systems are the gold-standard for stereotactic surgeries, such as implantation of deep brain stimulation (DBS) devices for treatment of medically resistant neurologic and psychiatric disorders. However, frame-based systems require that the patient is awake with a stereotactic frame affixed to their head for the duration of the surgical planning and implantation of the DBS electrodes. While frameless systems are increasingly available, a reusable re-attachable frame system provides unique benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/aadb49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286811PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Deep Brain Stimulation Targeting the Fornix for Mild Alzheimer Dementia (the ADvance Trial): A Two Year Follow-up Including Results of Delayed Activation.

J Alzheimers Dis 2018 ;64(2):597-606

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memory and Alzheimer's Treatment Center andAlzheimer's Disease Research Center, Division of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neuropsychiatry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Given recent challenges in developing new treatments for Alzheimer dementia (AD), it is vital to explore alternate treatment targets, such as neuromodulation for circuit dysfunction. We previously reported an exploratory Phase IIb double-blind trial of deep brain stimulation targeting the fornix (DBS-f) in mild AD (the ADvance trial). We reported safety but no clinical benefits of DBS-f versus the delayed-on (sham) treatment in 42 participants after one year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-180121DOI Listing
January 2018
36 Reads

Analysis of the Influence of microRNAs in Lithium Response in Bipolar Disorder.

Authors:
Céline S Reinbold Andreas J Forstner Julian Hecker Janice M Fullerton Per Hoffmann Liping Hou Urs Heilbronner Franziska Degenhardt Mazda Adli Kazufumi Akiyama Nirmala Akula Raffaella Ardau Bárbara Arias Lena Backlund Antonio Benabarre Susanne Bengesser Abesh K Bhattacharjee Joanna M Biernacka Armin Birner Cynthia Marie-Claire Pablo Cervantes Guo-Bo Chen Hsi-Chung Chen Caterina Chillotti Scott R Clark Francesc Colom David A Cousins Cristiana Cruceanu Piotr M Czerski Alexandre Dayer Bruno Étain Peter Falkai Louise Frisén Sébastien Gard Julie S Garnham Fernando S Goes Paul Grof Oliver Gruber Ryota Hashimoto Joanna Hauser Stefan Herms Stéphane Jamain Esther Jiménez Jean-Pierre Kahn Layla Kassem Sarah Kittel-Schneider Sebastian Kliwicki Barbara König Ichiro Kusumi Nina Lackner Gonzalo Laje Mikael Landén Catharina Lavebratt Marion Leboyer Susan G Leckband Carlos A López Jaramillo Glenda MacQueen Mirko Manchia Lina Martinsson Manuel Mattheisen Michael J McCarthy Susan L McElroy Marina Mitjans Francis M Mondimore Palmiero Monteleone Caroline M Nievergelt Urban Ösby Norio Ozaki Roy H Perlis Andrea Pfennig Daniela Reich-Erkelenz Guy A Rouleau Peter R Schofield K Oliver Schubert Barbara W Schweizer Florian Seemüller Giovanni Severino Tatyana Shekhtman Paul D Shilling Kazutaka Shimoda Christian Simhandl Claire M Slaney Jordan W Smoller Alessio Squassina Thomas J Stamm Pavla Stopkova Sarah K Tighe Alfonso Tortorella Gustavo Turecki Julia Volkert Stephanie H Witt Adam J Wright L Trevor Young Peter P Zandi James B Potash J Raymond DePaulo Michael Bauer Eva Reininghaus Tomáš Novák Jean-Michel Aubry Mario Maj Bernhard T Baune Philip B Mitchell Eduard Vieta Mark A Frye Janusz K Rybakowski Po-Hsiu Kuo Tadafumi Kato Maria Grigoroiu-Serbanescu Andreas Reif Maria Del Zompo Frank Bellivier Martin Schalling Naomi R Wray John R Kelsoe Martin Alda Francis J McMahon Thomas G Schulze Marcella Rietschel Markus M Nöthen Sven Cichon

Front Psychiatry 2018 31;9:207. Epub 2018 May 31.

Human Genomics Research Group, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common, highly heritable neuropsychiatric disease characterized by recurrent episodes of mania and depression. Lithium is the best-established long-term treatment for BD, even though individual response is highly variable. Evidence suggests that some of this variability has a genetic basis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5991073PMC
May 2018
42 Reads

Age of Insomnia Onset Correlates with a Reversal of Default Mode Network and Supplementary Motor Cortex Connectivity.

Neural Plast 2018 1;2018:3678534. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Siena Brain Investigation & Neuromodulation Lab (Si-BIN Lab), Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology Section, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Insomnia might occur as result of increased cognitive and physiological arousal caused by acute or long acting stressors and associated cognitive rumination. This might lead to alterations in brain connectivity patterns as those captured by functional connectivity fMRI analysis, leading to potential insight about primary insomnia (PI) pathophysiology as well as the impact of long-term exposure to sleep deprivation. We investigated changes of voxel-wise connectivity patterns in a sample of 17 drug-naïve PI patients and 17 age-gender matched healthy controls, as well as the relationship between brain connectivity and age of onset, illness duration, and severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3678534DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5901935PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Fornical Closed-Loop Stimulation for Alzheimer's Disease.

Trends Neurosci 2018 07 4;41(7):418-428. Epub 2018 May 4.

Krembil Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada; Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Krembil Neuroscience Centre, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Pharmacological neuromodulation strategies have shown limited efficacy in treating memory deficits related to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Despite encouraging results from a few preclinical studies, clinical trials investigating open-loop deep brain stimulation (DBS) for AD have not been successful. Recent refinements in understanding the various phases of memory processes, animal studies investigating phase-specific modulation of hippocampal activity during memorization, and clinical studies using closed-loop DBS strategies to treat patients with movement disorders, all point to the need to investigate closed-loop fornical DBS strategies to better understand memory dynamics and potentially treat memory deficits in AD preclinical models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2018.03.015DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads
13.555 Impact Factor

Pallidal deep brain stimulation in juvenile Huntington's disease: local field potential oscillations and clinical data.

J Neurol 2018 Jul 3;265(7):1573-1579. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Neurology, Centre for Movement Disorders and Neuromodulation, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Moorenstrasse 5, 40225, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Background: Recently, therapeutic attempts to control motor choreatic hyperkinesia of Huntington's disease (HD) by means of pallidal deep brain stimulation (Gp-DBS) were successful. With respect to the clinical effects of Gp-DBS in juvenile hypokinetic-rigid HD (jHD; Westphal variant), only one single-case has been reported up to date. Oscillatory patterns of the Gp in jHD are not known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-8880-1DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Epilepsy.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2018 May 3;4:18024. Epub 2018 May 3.

Department of Neuroscience, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Epilepsy affects all age groups and is one of the most common and most disabling neurological disorders. The accurate diagnosis of seizures is essential as some patients will be misdiagnosed with epilepsy, whereas others will receive an incorrect diagnosis. Indeed, errors in diagnosis are common, and many patients fail to receive the correct treatment, which often has severe consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrdp.2018.24DOI Listing
May 2018
26 Reads

Brain functional connectivity correlates of coping styles.

Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 2018 Jun;18(3):495-508

Siena Brain Investigation & Neuromodulation Laboratory (Si-Bin Lab), Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology Section, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Coping abilities represent the individual set of mental and behavioral strategies adopted when facing stress or traumatic experiences. Coping styles related to avoidance have been linked to a disposition to develop psychiatric disorders such as PTSD, anxiety, and major depression, whereas problem-oriented coping skills have been positively correlated with well-being and high quality of life. Even though coping styles constitute an important determinant of resilience and can impact many aspects of everyday living, no study has investigated their brain functional connectivity underpinnings in humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13415-018-0583-7DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Risk Factors for Postoperative Delirium After Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery for Parkinson Disease.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 9;114:e518-e523. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of and risk factors for postoperative delirium (POD) after deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in patients with Parkinson disease.

Methods: We analyzed the preoperative T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data of 71 patients with Parkinson disease who underwent DBS surgery. Multiple regression analysis was performed with age, l-dopa equivalent daily dose, laterality of the surgery, target regions, number of electrode trajectories tried, gray matter volume, and white matter (WM) volume as explanatory variables and the duration (number of days) of POD as the response variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.03.021DOI Listing

Expanding indications for deep brain stimulation.

Authors:
Paresh K Doshi

Neurol India 2018 Mar-Apr;66(Supplement):S102-S112

Department of Neurosurgery, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

It has been three decades since the first application of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for tremors was described by Benabid. Over the years, the indications for the performance of DBS have been expanding. There are now more than 1,50,000 patients around the world who have undergone DBS for various disorders. Read More

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http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2018/66/7/102/226450
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.226450DOI Listing
March 2018
1 Read

Charting the road forward in psychiatric neurosurgery: proceedings of the 2016 American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery workshop on neuromodulation for psychiatric disorders.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Aug 25;89(8):886-896. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: Refractory psychiatric disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and there is a great need for new treatments. In the last decade, investigators piloted novel deep brain stimulation (DBS)-based therapies for depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Results from recent pivotal trials of these therapies, however, did not demonstrate the degree of efficacy expected from previous smaller trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2017-317082DOI Listing
August 2018
30 Reads
6.807 Impact Factor

Pallidal deep brain stimulation modulates cortical excitability and plasticity.

Ann Neurol 2018 02;83(2):352-362

Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Internal globus pallidus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) relieves symptoms in dystonia patients. However, the physiological effects produced by GPi DBS are not fully understood. In particular, how a single-pulse GPi DBS changes cortical circuits has never been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.25156DOI Listing
February 2018
1 Read
2 Citations
9.980 Impact Factor

Efficacy and Safety of Deep Brain Stimulation in Tourette Syndrome: The International Tourette Syndrome Deep Brain Stimulation Public Database and Registry.

JAMA Neurol 2018 Mar;75(3):353-359

Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration, Department of Neurology, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Importance: Collective evidence has strongly suggested that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a promising therapy for Tourette syndrome.

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of DBS in a multinational cohort of patients with Tourette syndrome.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The prospective International Deep Brain Stimulation Database and Registry included 185 patients with medically refractory Tourette syndrome who underwent DBS implantation from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2016, at 31 institutions in 10 countries worldwide. Read More

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http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.4317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5885852PMC
March 2018
35 Reads
1 Citation

Acute Effects of Electrical Stimulation of the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis/Internal Capsule in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

World Neurosurg 2018 Mar 20;111:e471-e477. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been introduced as a treatment option for treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the optimal stimulation target and the corresponding stimulation settings remain unclear. Furthermore, there is limited knowledge about the acute effects of DBS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.12.084DOI Listing
March 2018
15 Reads

Subthalamic Stimulation Improves Quality of Life of Patients Aged 61 Years or Older With Short Duration of Parkinson's Disease.

Neuromodulation 2018 Aug 20;21(6):532-540. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Objective: The optimal timing of subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a topic of ongoing debate. In patients with short disease duration an improvement of quality of life (QoL) has been demonstrated for patients aged younger than 61 years. However, this has not been systematically investigated in older patients yet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12740DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Does Psychological Disturbance Predict Explantation in Successful Pelvic Neuromodulation Treatment for Bladder Dysfunction? A Short Series.

Neuromodulation 2018 Dec 19;21(8):805-808. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Urology, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

Introduction: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a safe and effective therapy for patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD). It is used in patients who have exhausted conservative and first line therapeutic options. The selection of eligible candidates could predict a successful therapeutic outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12745DOI Listing
December 2018

Catatonia with schizophrenia: From ECT to rTMS.

Encephale 2018 Apr 11;44(2):183-187. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

CHUM, Notre-Dame, Montréal, QC, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Montréal, h2l 2w5 Montréal, QC, Canada; Neuromodulation unit, CHUM, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Background: Electroconvulsive therapy is indicated in cases of catatonic schizophrenia following a failure of the challenge test with lorazepam or Zolpidem. Some patients need maintenance treatment with ECT. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) and anodal Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) might be effective against catatonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2017.09.008DOI Listing
April 2018
10 Reads

Change in Quantitative EEG Theta Cordance as a Potential Predictor of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Clinical Outcome in Major Depressive Disorder.

Clin EEG Neurosci 2018 Sep 10;49(5):306-315. Epub 2017 Dec 10.

1 Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, TMS Clinical and Research Program, Neuromodulation Division, Semel Institute at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has demonstrated efficacy in major depressive disorder (MDD), although clinical outcome is variable. Change in the resting-state quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG), particularly in theta cordance early in the course of treatment, has been linked to antidepressant medication outcomes but has not been examined extensively in clinical rTMS. This study examined change in theta cordance over the first week of clinical rTMS and sought to identify a biomarker that would predict outcome at the end of 6 weeks of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1550059417746212DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Mammillothalamic and Mammillotegmental Tracts as New Targets for Dementia and Epilepsy Treatment.

World Neurosurg 2018 02 10;110:133-144. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Recently, neuromodulation through deep brain stimulation (DBS) has appeared as a new surgical procedure in the treatment of some types of dementia and epilepsy. The mammillothalamic and mammillotegmental tracts are involved among the new targets. To our knowledge, a review article focused specifically on these mammillary body efferents is lacking in the medical literature. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750173190
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.10.168DOI Listing
February 2018
14 Reads

Association of Polygenic Score for Schizophrenia and HLA Antigen and Inflammation Genes With Response to Lithium in Bipolar Affective Disorder: A Genome-Wide Association Study.

Authors:
Azmeraw T Amare Klaus Oliver Schubert Liping Hou Scott R Clark Sergi Papiol Urs Heilbronner Franziska Degenhardt Fasil Tekola-Ayele Yi-Hsiang Hsu Tatyana Shekhtman Mazda Adli Nirmala Akula Kazufumi Akiyama Raffaella Ardau Bárbara Arias Jean-Michel Aubry Lena Backlund Abesh Kumar Bhattacharjee Frank Bellivier Antonio Benabarre Susanne Bengesser Joanna M Biernacka Armin Birner Clara Brichant-Petitjean Pablo Cervantes Hsi-Chung Chen Caterina Chillotti Sven Cichon Cristiana Cruceanu Piotr M Czerski Nina Dalkner Alexandre Dayer Maria Del Zompo J Raymond DePaulo Bruno Étain Peter Falkai Andreas J Forstner Louise Frisen Mark A Frye Janice M Fullerton Sébastien Gard Julie S Garnham Fernando S Goes Maria Grigoroiu-Serbanescu Paul Grof Ryota Hashimoto Joanna Hauser Stefan Herms Per Hoffmann Andrea Hofmann Stephane Jamain Esther Jiménez Jean-Pierre Kahn Layla Kassem Po-Hsiu Kuo Tadafumi Kato John Kelsoe Sarah Kittel-Schneider Sebastian Kliwicki Barbara König Ichiro Kusumi Gonzalo Laje Mikael Landén Catharina Lavebratt Marion Leboyer Susan G Leckband Alfonso Tortorella Mirko Manchia Lina Martinsson Michael J McCarthy Susan McElroy Francesc Colom Marina Mitjans Francis M Mondimore Palmiero Monteleone Caroline M Nievergelt Markus M Nöthen Tomas Novák Claire O'Donovan Norio Ozaki Urban Ösby Andrea Pfennig James B Potash Andreas Reif Eva Reininghaus Guy A Rouleau Janusz K Rybakowski Martin Schalling Peter R Schofield Barbara W Schweizer Giovanni Severino Paul D Shilling Katzutaka Shimoda Christian Simhandl Claire M Slaney Alessio Squassina Thomas Stamm Pavla Stopkova Mario Maj Gustavo Turecki Eduard Vieta Julia Volkert Stephanie Witt Adam Wright Peter P Zandi Philip B Mitchell Michael Bauer Martin Alda Marcella Rietschel Francis J McMahon Thomas G Schulze Bernhard T Baune

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 Jan;75(1):65-74

Discipline of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Importance: Lithium is a first-line mood stabilizer for the treatment of bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). However, the efficacy of lithium varies widely, with a nonresponse rate of up to 30%. Biological response markers are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.3433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5833535PMC
January 2018
83 Reads

Single-unit activity of the anterior Globus pallidus internus in Tourette patients and posterior Globus pallidus internus in dystonic patients.

Clin Neurophysiol 2017 12 16;128(12):2510-2518. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Asia Pacific Centre for Neuromodulation, Queensland Brain Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: Our goal was to provide a detailed analysis of neurons' electrophysiological activity recorded in sub-territories of Globus pallidus internus (GPi) used as Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) targets for these clinical conditions to potentially assist electrode targeting.

Methods: We used intra-operative microelectrode recording during stereotactic neurosurgery to guide implantation of DBS lead.

Results: Units in the medial anterior part of GPi of 7 Tourette's syndrome patients under general anesthesia were firing at mean and median rate of 32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2017.10.003DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

[Brain stimulation: the most direct form of neurostimulation].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2017;59(10):588-593

Background: Brain stimulation is the most direct form of neuromodulation. Direct brain stimulation is an older procedure that has taken various forms, but 'non-invasive brain stimulation' is a more recent development.

Aim: To provide an overview of the current arsenal of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

Deep brain stimulation for disorders of consciousness: Systematic review of cases and ethics.

Brain Stimul 2017 Nov - Dec;10(6):1013-1023. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, WC1N 3BG, London, UK; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: A treatment for patients suffering from prolonged severely altered consciousness is not available. The success of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in diseases such as Parkinson's, dystonia and essential tremor provided a renewed impetus for its application in Disorders of Consciousness (DoC).

Objective: To evaluate the rationale for DBS in patients with DoC, through systematic review of literature containing clinical data and ethical considerations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2017.08.006DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Connectivity-based parcellation of the anterior limb of the internal capsule.

Hum Brain Mapp 2017 12 14;38(12):6107-6117. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.

The anterior limb of the internal capsule (ALIC) is an important locus of frontal-subcortical fiber tracts involved in cognitive and limbic feedback loops. However, the structural organization of its component fiber tracts remains unclear. Therefore, although the ALIC is a promising target for various neurosurgical procedures for psychiatric disorders, more precise understanding of its organization is required to optimize target localization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.23815DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206867PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Neurostimulation Devices for the Treatment of Neurologic Disorders.

Mayo Clin Proc 2017 09;92(9):1427-1444

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:

Rapid advancements in neurostimulation technologies are providing relief to an unprecedented number of patients affected by debilitating neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Neurostimulation therapies include invasive and noninvasive approaches that involve the application of electrical stimulation to drive neural function within a circuit. This review focuses on established invasive electrical stimulation systems used clinically to induce therapeutic neuromodulation of dysfunctional neural circuitry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2017.05.005DOI Listing
September 2017
7 Reads

Exploring the brain through posterior hypothalamus surgery for aggressive behavior.

Neurosurg Focus 2017 Sep;43(3):E14

Neurosurgery Unit, Department of Neuroscience and Neurorehabilitation, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome; and.

Neurological surgery offers an opportunity to study brain functions, through either resection or implanted neuromodulation devices. Pathological aggressive behavior in patients with intellectual disability is a frequent condition that is difficult to treat using either supportive care or pharmacological therapy. The bulk of the laboratory studies performed throughout the 19th century enabled the formulation of hypotheses on brain circuits involved in the generation of emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17231DOI Listing
September 2017
2 Reads

The origins and persistence of psychosurgery in the state of Iowa.

Neurosurg Focus 2017 Sep;43(3):E8

Department of Neurosurgery.

Neurosurgery for the treatment of psychological disorders has a checkered history in the United States. Prior to the advent of antipsychotic medications, individuals with severe mental illness were institutionalized and subjected to extreme therapies in an attempt to palliate their symptoms. Psychiatrist Walter Freeman first introduced psychosurgery, in the form of frontal lobotomy, as an intervention that could offer some hope to those patients in whom all other treatments had failed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17227DOI Listing
September 2017
2 Reads

Neuromodulation and neurofeedback treatments in eating disorders and obesity.

Curr Opin Psychiatry 2017 Nov;30(6):458-473

King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Section of Eating Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Purpose Of Review: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001504-201711000-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000361DOI Listing
November 2017
29 Reads

New Therapeutic Strategies for Lewy Body Dementias.

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2017 Sep;17(9):68

Department of Old Age Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neurosciences, Kings College London, Box PO 70, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

This article reviews current treatment strategies and recent advances for the Lewy body dementias (LBDs). Current available symptom treatment strategies are based on monoaminergic, cholinergic and glutaminergic neurotransmitter systems. Relatively robust evidence exists for cholinesterase inhibitors for cognitive impairment in LBD and in Parkinson's disease for antidepressants, clozapine and recently pimavanserin for psychosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11910-017-0778-2DOI Listing
September 2017
50 Reads

Clinical neurophysiology of prolonged disorders of consciousness: From diagnostic stimulation to therapeutic neuromodulation.

Clin Neurophysiol 2017 09 29;128(9):1629-1646. Epub 2017 Jun 29.

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, Section of Human Physiology, University of Siena, Italy; Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, Section of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Brain Investigation & Neuromodulation Lab (Si-BIN Lab), University of Siena, Italy.

The identification of signs of awareness in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DoC) after severe brain injury is a challenging task for clinicians. Differentiating on behavioural examination the vegetative state (VS) from the minimally conscious state (MCS) can lead to a high misdiagnosis rate. Advanced neuroimaging and neurophysiological techniques can supplement clinical evaluation by providing physiological evidence of brain activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2017.06.037DOI Listing
September 2017
10 Reads

Low intensity transcranial electric stimulation: Safety, ethical, legal regulatory and application guidelines.

Clin Neurophysiol 2017 09 19;128(9):1774-1809. Epub 2017 Jun 19.

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Georg August University, Göttingen, Germany.

Low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) in humans, encompassing transcranial direct current (tDCS), transcutaneous spinal Direct Current Stimulation (tsDCS), transcranial alternating current (tACS), and transcranial random noise (tRNS) stimulation or their combinations, appears to be safe. No serious adverse events (SAEs) have been reported so far in over 18,000 sessions administered to healthy subjects, neurological and psychiatric patients, as summarized here. Moderate adverse events (AEs), as defined by the necessity to intervene, are rare, and include skin burns with tDCS due to suboptimal electrode-skin contact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2017.06.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985830PMC
September 2017
13 Reads

Neuroanatomical Characteristics Associated With Response to Deep Brain Stimulation of the Nucleus Basalis of Meynert for Alzheimer's Disease.

Neuromodulation 2018 Feb 27;21(2):184-190. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Objectives: First reports on the application of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the Nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) showed feasibility and safety of the intervention in patients with Alzheimer´s disease. However, clinical effects vary and the mechanisms of actions are still not well understood. The aim of this study was to characterize neuroimaging changes that are associated with the responsiveness to the treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12626DOI Listing
February 2018
18 Reads

Levetiracetam Alters Oscillatory Connectivity in Alzheimer's Disease.

J Alzheimers Dis 2017 ;58(4):1065-1076

Berenson-Allen Center for Non-invasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Seizures occur at a higher frequency in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) but overt, clinically obvious events are infrequent. Evidence from animal models and studies in mild cognitive impairment suggest that subclinical epileptic discharges may play a role in the clinical and pathophysiological manifestations of AD. In this feasibility study, the neurophysiological and cognitive effects of acute administration of levetiracetam (LEV) are measured in patients with mild AD to test whether it could have a therapeutic benefit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-160742DOI Listing
May 2018
46 Reads

Closed-loop neuromodulation systems: next-generation treatments for psychiatric illness.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2017 04 10;29(2):191-204. Epub 2017 Feb 10.

a Department of Psychiatry , Massachusetts General Hospital , Charlestown , MA , USA.

Despite deep brain stimulation's positive early results in psychiatric disorders, well-designed clinical trials have yielded inconsistent clinical outcomes. One path to more reliable benefit is closed-loop therapy: stimulation that is automatically adjusted by a device or algorithm in response to changes in the patient's electrical brain activity. These interventions may provide more precise and patient-specific treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2017.1282438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5461950PMC
April 2017
32 Reads

State of the Art: Novel Applications for Deep Brain Stimulation.

Neuromodulation 2018 Feb 17;21(2):126-134. Epub 2017 May 17.

Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.

Objectives: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a rapidly developing field of neurosurgery with potential therapeutic applications that are relevant to conditions traditionally viewed as beyond the limits of neurosurgery. Our objective, in this review, is to highlight some of the emerging applications of DBS within three distinct but overlapping spheres, namely trauma, neuropsychiatry, and autonomic physiology.

Review Methods: An extensive literature review was carried out in MEDLINE, to identify relevant studies and review articles describing applications of DBS in the areas of trauma, neuropsychiatry and autonomic neuroscience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12604DOI Listing
February 2018
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Role of Gasotransmitters in Oxidative Stresses, Neuroinflammation, and Neuronal Repair.

Biomed Res Int 2017 12;2017:1689341. Epub 2017 Mar 12.

Department of Biomedical Science, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea; Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea.

To date, three main gasotransmitters, that is, hydrogen sulfide (HS), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitric oxide (NO), have been discovered to play major bodily physiological roles. These gasotransmitters have multiple functional roles in the body including physiologic and pathologic functions with respect to the cellular or tissue quantities of these gases. Gasotransmitters were originally known to have only detrimental and noxious effects in the body but that notion has much changed with years; vast studies demonstrated that these gasotransmitters are precisely involved in the normal physiological functioning of the body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1689341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5366188PMC
April 2017
10 Reads

Outcome of Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation in Substance Use Disorders: A Review of Randomized Sham-Controlled Clinical Trials.

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2017 15;29(2):105-118. Epub 2017 Mar 15.

From the Department of Psychiatry and Addictology, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France (BT, J-C C-G); the INSERM U1093, Cognition, Action et Plasticité Sensorimotrice, University of Burgundy-Franche-Comté, Dijon, France (BT); the CHU de Nantes, Psychiatric Neuromodulation Unit, Addictology and Liaison Psychiatry Department, Nantes, France (AS, SB); the Laboratory of Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroplasticity, Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche en Réadaptation et Intégration Sociale, Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Quebec, Medical School, Laval University, Québec, Canada (SF); the Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France (LL); the Addiction Division, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland (SA, DZ); and the Addictive Disorders Research Group and Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva, Switzerland (SA, DZ).

Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) might be a new approach to treat substance use disorders (SUD). A systematic review and critical analysis was performed to identify potential therapeutic effects of NIBS on addictions. A search of the Medline database was conducted for randomized sham-controlled trials using NIBS in the field of addiction and published until August 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.16080147DOI Listing
August 2017
12 Reads

Rechargeable Stimulators in Deep Brain Stimulation for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Prospective Interventional Cohort Study.

Neuromodulation 2018 Feb 3;21(2):203-210. Epub 2017 Mar 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: From 1999 onwards, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been proposed as an alternative to capsulotomy in refractory cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although rechargeable implantable pulse generators (rIPGs) have been used extensively in DBS for movement disorders, there are no reports on rIPGs in patients with a psychiatric DBS indication, and even possible objections to their use.

Objective: We aim to evaluate rIPGs in OCD in terms of effectiveness, applicability, safety, and need for IPG replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12577DOI Listing
February 2018
5 Reads

Focused Ultrasound: An Emerging Therapeutic Modality for Neurologic Disease.

Neurotherapeutics 2017 04;14(2):393-404

Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

Therapeutic ultrasound is only beginning to be applied to neurologic conditions, but the potential of this modality for a wide spectrum of brain applications is high. Engineering advances now allow sound waves to be targeted through the skull to a brain region selected with real time magnetic resonance imaging and thermography, using a commercial array of focused emitters. High intensities of sonic energy can create a coagulation lesion similar to that of older radiofrequency stereotactic methods, but without opening the skull. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13311-017-0515-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5398988PMC
April 2017
9 Reads

Algorithmic design of a noise-resistant and efficient closed-loop deep brain stimulation system: A computational approach.

PLoS One 2017 21;12(2):e0171458. Epub 2017 Feb 21.

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Advances in the field of closed-loop neuromodulation call for analysis and modeling approaches capable of confronting challenges related to the complex neuronal response to stimulation and the presence of strong internal and measurement noise in neural recordings. Here we elaborate on the algorithmic aspects of a noise-resistant closed-loop subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation system for advanced Parkinson's disease and treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder, ensuring remarkable performance in terms of both efficiency and selectivity of stimulation, as well as in terms of computational speed. First, we propose an efficient method drawn from dynamical systems theory, for the reliable assessment of significant nonlinear coupling between beta and high-frequency subthalamic neuronal activity, as a biomarker for feedback control. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0171458PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5319757PMC
August 2017
16 Reads

The future of psychiatry: brain devices.

Metabolism 2017 Apr 11;69S:S8-S12. Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Institute of Social Medicine, Department of Health Policy and Management. Electronic address:

Recent advances in deep brain stimulators and brain-machine interfaces have greatly expanded the possibilities of neuroprosthetics and neuromodulation. Together with advances in neuroengineering, nanotechnology, molecular biology and material sciences, it is now possible to address fundamental questions in neuroscience in new, more powerful ways. It is now possible to apply these new technologies in ways that range from augmenting and restoring function to neuromodulation modalities that treat neuropsychiatric disorders. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00260495173001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2017.01.010DOI Listing
April 2017
3 Reads

Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Refractory Tourette Syndrome: Clinical Evidence for Increasing Disbalance of Therapeutic Effects and Side Effects at Long-Term Follow-Up.

Neuromodulation 2018 Feb 19;21(2):197-202. Epub 2017 Jan 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objective: Thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) is effective in reducing tics in patients with refractory Tourette syndrome at the short-term. Here, we report on the long-term outcome.

Materials And Methods: Seven patients underwent bilateral DBS between 2001 and 2008. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12556DOI Listing
February 2018
8 Reads

Nitric Oxide: Exploring the Contextual Link with Alzheimer's Disease.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2016 21;2016:7205747. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, 32 Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 49201, Republic of Korea.

Neuronal inflammation is a systematically organized physiological step often triggered to counteract an invading pathogen or to rid the body of damaged and/or dead cellular debris. At the crux of this inflammatory response is the deployment of nonneuronal cells: microglia, astrocytes, and blood-derived macrophages. Glial cells secrete a host of bioactive molecules, which include proinflammatory factors and nitric oxide (NO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7205747DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5209623PMC
March 2017
8 Reads
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