310,047 results match your criteria Neurological Sequelae of Infectious Endocarditis


Commentary: Neurosurgical Coverage for Emergency and Trauma Call.

Authors:
Aziz S Alali

Neurosurgery 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

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December 2018

Partial Costotransversectomy and Corpectomy for Thoracic Spinal Metastatic Disease: Operative Technique and Nuances: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, Florida.

We describe the operative approach and management for thoracic metastatic disease in a 78-yr-old man with worsening mechanical lower back and left-sided thoracic radicular pain. Imaging of the thoracic spine revealed an osteolytic T11 mass with destruction of the left T11 pedicle and transverse process. Biopsy confirmed spinal metastasis from the liver. Read More

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December 2018

Can Identification of Genetic Polymorphisms Associated With Neurologic Disease Guide Future Treatment Strategies?

Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E1-E2

Department of Neurological Surgery University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami, Florida.

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January 2019

Deep Brain Stimulation in Early Parkinson's Disease May Slow Rest Tremor Progression.

Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E13-E14

Department of Neurological Surgery University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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January 2019

Edonerpic Maleate: A Promising Pharmacological Agent for Stroke Recovery.

Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E3-E4

Department of Neurological Surgery Mayo Clinic Phoenix, Arizona.

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January 2019

Biotinidase deficiency should be considered in individuals thought to have multiple sclerosis and related disorders.

Authors:
Barry Wolf

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Nov 28;28:26-30. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Division of Genetics, Birth Defects and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago and Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Multiple sclerosis is a disorder of the central and peripheral nervous system of young and old adults that is characterized by muscle, coordination and vision abnormalities. Multiple sclerosis is likely due to numerous causes.

Methods: Recently, adolescents and adults with ophthalmological and or neurological findings have been diagnosed with biotinidase deficiency. Read More

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November 2018

Striking reduction in neurons and glial cells in anterior thalamic nuclei of older patients with Down syndrome.

Neurobiol Aging 2018 Nov 17;75:54-61. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK. Electronic address:

The anterior thalamic nuclei are important for spatial and episodic memory, however, surprisingly little is known about the status of these nuclei in neurological conditions that present with memory impairments, such as Down syndrome. We quantified neurons and glial cells in the anterior thalamic nuclei of four older patients with Down syndrome. There was a striking reduction in the volume of the anterior thalamic nuclei and this appeared to reflect the loss of approximately 70% of neurons. Read More

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November 2018

Targeting STATs in neuroinflammation: the Road Less Traveled!

Pharmacol Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

JAK/STAT transduction pathway is a highly conserved pathway implicated in regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation, survival and apoptosis. Dysregulation of this pathway is involved in the onset of autoimmune, haematological, oncological, metabolic and neurological diseases. Over the last few years, the research of anti-neuroinflammatory agents has gained considerable attention. Read More

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December 2018

Upregulated levels and pathological aggregation of abnormally phosphorylated Tau-Protein in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department for NMR-based Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Faßberg 11, 37077 Göttingen, Germany; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Von-Siebold-Str. 3a, 37075 Göttingen, Germany. Electronic address:

The tubulin-associated unit (Tau) protein is an intrinsically disordered protein that plays a well-established role in promoting microtubule assembly and stabilization in neuronal axons at all stages of development. Identification of new interacting partners and different sub-cellular localizations of Tau in recent years led to the discovery of novel physiological functions in regulation of neuronal activity, neurogenesis, long-term depression, iron export and genomic integrity. In addition, Tau gene mutations, aberrant mRNA splicing and abnormal post-translational modifications, such as hyperphosphorylation, lead to formation of pathological, insoluble Tau aggregates that are a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases, collectively known as tauopathies. Read More

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December 2018

Somatosensory Evoked Potential Changes and Decompression Timing for Spinal Cord Function Recovery and Evoked Potentials in Rats with Spinal Cord Injury.

Brain Res Bull 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, Hubei, 442000, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate changes of somatosensory evoked potentials and the effects of decompression timing on spinal cord recovery and evoked potentials by measuring the somatosensory evoked potentials of rats with spinal cord injury at different time points.

Methods: A total of 70 SD rats were divided into the control group (group A) and the experimental group. The experimental groups included group B, C and D according to the severity of spinal cord injury. Read More

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December 2018

Is ventromedial prefrontal cortex critical for behavior change without external reinforcement?

Neuropsychologia 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurobiology, The Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University; Sagol School of Neuroscience, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Cue-approach training (CAT) is a novel paradigm that has been shown to induce preference changes towards items without external reinforcements. In the task, the mere association of a neutral cue and a speeded button response has been shown to induce a behavioral choice preference change lasting for months. This paradigm includes several phases: after the training of individual items, behavior change is manifested in binary choices of items with similar initial values. Read More

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December 2018

Antiviral effects of selected nucleoside analogs against human parechoviruses A1 and A3.

Antiviral Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Parechoviruses A (HPeV, Picornaviridae) are neglected human pathogens that cause sepsis-like illness and severe neurological complications in infants. There are no antivirals available for the treatment of HPeV infections. We here report on cell-based assays that allow for medium-throughput antiviral screening of compound libraries against HPeV. Read More

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December 2018

Cell Biology and Dynamics of Neuronal Na/K-ATPase in Health and Diseases.

Neuropharmacology 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

CNRS Neurodegenerative Diseases Laboratory (UMR9199), MiRCen, CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, 18 route du Panorama, 92265, France.

Neuronal Na/K-ATPase is responsible for the maintenance of ionic gradient across plasma membrane. In doing so, in a healthy brain, Na/K-ATPase activity accounts for nearly half of total brain energy consumption. The α3-subunit containing Na/K-ATPase expression is restricted to neurons. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative Flavivirus-Host Protein Interaction Mapping Reveals Mechanisms of Dengue and Zika Virus Pathogenesis.

Cell 2018 Dec;175(7):1931-1945.e18

Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; Quantitative Biosciences Institute (QBI), University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; The J. David Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Mosquito-borne flaviviruses, including dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), are a growing public health concern. Systems-level analysis of how flaviviruses hijack cellular processes through virus-host protein-protein interactions (PPIs) provides information about their replication and pathogenic mechanisms. We used affinity purification-mass spectrometry (AP-MS) to compare flavivirus-host interactions for two viruses (DENV and ZIKV) in two hosts (human and mosquito). Read More

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December 2018

Drp1/Fis1-mediated mitochondrial fragmentation leads to lysosomal dysfunction in cardiac models of Huntington's disease.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal hereditary neurodegenerative disorder, best known for its clinical triad of progressive motor impairment, cognitive deficits and psychiatric disturbances, is caused by CAG-repeat expansion in exon 1 of Huntingtin (HTT). However, in addition to the neurological disease, mutant HTT (mHTT), which is ubiquitously expressed in all tissues, impairs other organ systems. Not surprisingly, cardiovascular dysautonomia as well as the deterioration of circadian rhythms are among the earliest detectable pathophysiological changes in individuals with HD. Read More

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December 2018

Subtle motor signs in children with chronic traumatic brain injury.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Kennedy Krieger Institute.

Objective: To characterize subtle motor signs in children with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the chronic phase of injury.

Design: Fourteen children with moderate (n=6) or severe (n=8) TBI, ages 11-18 years, who had sustained their injury at least 1-year prior to study participation (Range 1-14 years since injury), and 14 matched typically-developing controls were examined using the Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs (PANESS). To examine the neural correlates of subtle motor signs, measures of total cerebral volume and motor/premotor volume were derived from MRI. Read More

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December 2018

Factors Influencing Visual Field Recovery after Transsphenoidal Resection of a Pituitary Adenoma.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):488-496

Department of Ophthalmology and Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing visual field recovery after transsphenoidal approach-tumor resection (TSA-TR) in pituitary adenoma patients with visual field defects (VFDs).

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 102 eyes of 102 patients with VFDs induced by pituitary adenomas who underwent TSA-TR between January 2010 and December 2015. All patients had been observed for more than one year. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

DNA damage signatures in peripheral blood cells (PBMC) as biomarkers in prodromal Huntington's disease.

Ann Neurol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Biology, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Easily accessible biomarkers in Huntington disease (HD) are actively searched. We investigated telomere length (TL) and DNA double-strand breaks (histone variant pγ-H2AX) as predictive disease biomarkers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 25 pre-manifest, 58 HD patients, with similar CAG expansion in the huntingtin gene (HTT) gene and 44 healthy controls (HC). PBMC from PRE-HD and HD groups showed shorter telomeres (p<0. Read More

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December 2018

Genotype, extrapyramidal features and severity of variant Ataxia-Telangiectasia.

Ann Neurol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Ataxia Telangiectasia Service, Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre, Papworth Hospital. Papworth Everard, Cambridge, CB23 3RE, UK.

Objective: Variant Ataxia-Telangiectasia is caused by mutations that allow some retained ATM kinase activity. Here, we describe the clinical features of the largest established cohort of individuals with variant Ataxia-Telangiectasia and explore genotype-phenotype correlations.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected retrospectively. Read More

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December 2018
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The Role of Free Tissue Transfer in the Management of Chronic Frontal Sinus Osteomyelitis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objectives/hypothesis: Chronic frontal sinus infection is managed with a combination of medical and surgical interventions. Frontal bone osteomyelitis due to recurrent infection following trauma or prior open surgery may require more significant debridement. Free tissue transfer may allow for extensive debridement with replacement of tissue, and definitive eradication of osteomyelitis. Read More

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December 2018

Optic Disc Coloboma in children - prevalence, clinical characteristics and associated morbidity.

Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to report prevalence, ocular outcome, neurological characteristics, cognitive and behavioural problems in children with optic disc coloboma (ODC).

Methods: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study of 31 children between 2 and 18 years of age diagnosed with ODC. The children were part of a larger cohort of 184 children with congenital optic disc malformations. Read More

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December 2018
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Beyond the Message: Advantages of Snapshot Proteomics with Single-Cell Mass Cytometry in Solid Tumors.

FEBS J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

Single-cell technologies that can quantify features of individual cells within a tumor are critical for treatment strategies aiming to target cancer cells while sparing or activating beneficial cells. Given that key players in protein networks are often the primary targets of precision oncology strategies, it is imperative to transcend the nucleic acid message and read cellular actions in human solid tumors. Here, we review the advantages of single-cell mass cytometry. Read More

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December 2018

MEG imaging of recurrent gliomas reveals functional plasticity of hemispheric language specialization.

Hum Brain Mapp 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Biomagnetic Imaging Lab, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, California.

In patients with gliomas, changes in hemispheric specialization for language determined by magnetoencephalography (MEG) were analyzed to elucidate the impact of treatment and tumor recurrence on language networks. Demonstration of reorganization of language networks in these patients has significant implications on the prevention of postoperative functional loss and recovery. Whole-brain activity during an auditory verb generation task was estimated from MEG recordings in a group of 73 patients with recurrent gliomas. Read More

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December 2018

Applicability of telemedicine in the screening of diabetic retinopathy (DR): The first multicentre study in Italy. The No Blind Study.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Dec 13:e3113. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medical, Surgical, Neurological, Metabolic and Aging Sciences, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Aims: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) represents the main cause of blindness among adults in the industrialized Countries. Use of telemedicine could offer an easy, smart specialist fundus oculi examination, as well as putting in a screening program many patients who otherwise would be excluded.

Materials And Methods: The NO Blind is a transversal, multicentre, observational study. Read More

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December 2018

Health-related stigma of noncommunicable neurological disease in rural adult populations: A scoping review.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Stigma is a widely recognised public health issue. Many people with neurological disease and their families experience stigmatisation, adding to their burden of illness. Rural populations are typically small, lack anonymity, and often have a higher proportion of older adults with inadequate access to specialised services and resources. Read More

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December 2018

Research advancements in the neurological presentation of flaviviruses.

Rev Med Virol 2018 Dec 12:e2021. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Research, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Owing to the large-scale epidemic of Zika virus disease and its association with microcephaly, properties that allow flaviviruses to cause nervous system diseases are an important area of investigation. At present, although potential pathogenic mechanisms of flaviviruses in the nervous system have been examined, they have not been completely elucidated. In this paper, we review the possible mechanisms of blood-brain barrier penetration, the pathological effects on neurons, and the association between virus mutations and neurotoxicity. Read More

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December 2018

Dissociation in awareness of memory and language decline in Alzheimer's disease.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Center for Memory and Attention Disorders, Neurological Institute, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine awareness of decline in memory and in language in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD), by comparing participant and informant ratings, as well as these ratings and actual test performance.

Methods: We analyzed data from 149 individuals with AD enrolled in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) who filled the Everyday Cognition questionnaire, and performed memory and language tasks.

Results: Participants provided significantly lower assessments of decline than did informants for both memory and language. Read More

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December 2018

Innominate artery cannulation in aortic surgery: A systematic review.

J Card Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Aortovascular Surgery, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK.

Objective: The innominate artery is considered an alternative site for establishing cardiopulmonary bypass in surgical procedures involving the thoracic aorta. This systematic review examines the use of innominate artery cannulation in aortic surgery.

Methods: A systematic literature search was undertaken among the four major databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Ovid) to identify all studies that utilized innominate artery cannulation for establishing cardiopulmonary bypass and providing cerebral perfusion in thoracic aortic surgery. Read More

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December 2018

The insights into molecular pathways of hypoxia-inducible factor in the brain.

J Neurosci Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Departments of Anesthesiology and Physiology, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California.

The objectives of this present work were to review recent developments on the role of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) in the survival of cells under normoxic versus hypoxic and inflammatory brain conditions. The dual nature of HIF effects appears well established, based on the accumulated evidence of HIF playing both the role of adaptive factor and mediator of cell demise. Cellular HIF responses depend on pathophysiological conditions, developmental phase, comorbidities, and administered medications. Read More

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December 2018

Predictive clinical factors for penetration and aspiration in Parkinson's disease.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Dec 11:e13524. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Voice, Speech and Hearing Disorders, Center for Clinical Neurosciences, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Do the current swallow-specific subquestions of neurological diagnostic tools reflect the objective swallowing function in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients or are clinical factors superior to predict critical aspiration?

Methods: In a cross-sectional, observational study a total of 119 Parkinson outpatients were examined clinically and by flexible-endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). Self-reported dysphagia by subquestions of the MDS-UPDRS and NMS questionnaire and history of subjective aspiration signs were collected.

Key Results: Nearly, all PD patients showed deglutition abnormalities in FEES (113/119) while only 12%-27% of them reported swallowing problems in the swallow-specific subquestions of neurological standard diagnostic tools (MDS-UPDRS and NMS-Quest), and the answers were heterogeneous and poorly reproducible. Read More

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December 2018

Neuroinflammation in the central nervous system: Symphony of glial cells.

Glia 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Neuroscience, State Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.

Neuroinflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) is an important subject of neuroimmunological research. Emerging evidence suggests that neuroinflammation is a key player in various neurological disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases and CNS injury. Neuroinflammation is a complex and well-orchestrated process by various groups of glial cells in CNS and peripheral immune cells. Read More

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December 2018

Astrocyte progenitor transplantation promotes regeneration of bulbospinal respiratory axons, recovery of diaphragm function, and a reduced macrophage response following cervical spinal cord injury.

Glia 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neuroscience, Vickie and Jack Farber Institute for Neuroscience, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Stem/progenitor cell transplantation delivery of astrocytes is a potentially powerful strategy for spinal cord injury (SCI). Axon extension into SCI lesions that occur spontaneously or in response to experimental manipulations is often observed along endogenous astrocyte "bridges," suggesting that augmenting this response via astrocyte lineage transplantation can enhance axon regrowth. Given the importance of respiratory dysfunction post-SCI, we transplanted glial-restricted precursors (GRPs)-a class of lineage-restricted astrocyte progenitors-into the C2 hemisection model and evaluated effects on diaphragm function and the growth response of descending rostral ventral respiratory group (rVRG) axons that innervate phrenic motor neurons (PhMNs). Read More

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December 2018

A study in a Polish ataxia cohort indicates genetic heterogeneity and points to MTCL1 as a novel candidate gene.

Clin Genet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Medical Genetics, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Inherited ataxias are a group of highly heterogeneous, complex neurological disorders representing a significant diagnostic challenge in clinical practice. We performed next generation sequencing analysis in 10 index cases with unexplained progressive cerebellar ataxia of suspected autosomal recessive inheritance. A definite molecular diagnosis was obtained in 5/10 families and included the following diseases: autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS), POLR3B-related hypomyelinating leukodystrophy, primary coenzyme Q10 deficiency type 4, Niemann-Pick disease type C1 and SYNE1-related ataxia. Read More

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December 2018

Circumferential Stabilization of the Thoracolumbar Junction Via Posterior-Only Approach for the Management of Burst Fractures.

P R Health Sci J 2018 Dec;37(4):224-229

Department of Surgery, Neurosurgery Section, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Objective: The management of thoracolumbar burst fractures often includes combined anterior/posterior approaches with prolonged operative time and complications. The transpedicular approach offers a posterior only approach with circumferential reconstruction and decompression. We aim to present the experience of a single center in the management of thoracolumbar burst fractures using a posterior-only approach for circumferential stabilization and report on this technique's effectiveness in restoring the alignment of the thoracolumbar junction. Read More

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December 2018

Chikungunya Virus: History, Geographic Distribution, Clinical Picture, and Treatment.

P R Health Sci J 2018 Dec;37(4):187-194

Third-year medical student, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR.

Chikungunya fever (CHIKF) is a re-emerging mosquito-borne disease caused by a virus endemic to Africa and Asia. Due to the ease with which its vectors propagate, the virus has spread to India and Europe, and more recently it arrived to the Caribbean, eventually extending into North, Central, and South America. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the most common clinical manifestations are abrupt fever, polyarthralgia, headache, maculopapular rash, myalgia, and nausea/vomiting. Read More

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December 2018

Prognostic value of gasping for short and long outcomes during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2018 Dec 14;26(1):106. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital,Capital Medical University, 8# Worker's Stadium South Road, Chao-Yang District, Beijing, 100020, China.

Objective: We systematically reviewed the literature to investigate whether gasping could predict short and long outcomes in patients with out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for observational studies regarding the prognostic effect of gasping on short and long outcomes in adults with OHCA. The primary outcome was return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Read More

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December 2018

Why orthotic devices could be of help in the management of Movement Disorders in the young.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2018 Dec 14;15(1):118. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Technologies for Energy, National Research Council of Italy (CNR-ICMATE), via Previati 1/E, 23900, Lecco, Italy.

Background: Movement Disorders (MD) are a class of disease that impair the daily activities of patients, conditioning their sensorimotor, cognitive and behavioural capabilities. Nowadays, the general management of patients with MD is based on rehabilitation, pharmacological treatments, surgery, and traditional splints. Although some attempts have been made to devise specific orthoses for the rehabilitation of patients affected by MD, especially the younger ones, those devices have received limited attention. Read More

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December 2018

Basal ganglia hemorrhage in a case report following spinal surgery.

BMC Neurol 2018 Dec 14;18(1):204. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Neurosurgery and Radiology, Neurology Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Background: Intracranial hemorrhage is a rare but potentially severe complication of spinal surgery. Most reported post-operative ICH cases consist of cerebellar hemorrhage. There are fewer reported cases of supratentorial ICH following spinal surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Posterior cord syndrome associated with postoperative seroma: The case to perform a complete neurologic exam.

J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Dec 14:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

b Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department , Tufts Medical Center , Boston , Massachusetts , USA.

Context: Posterior cord syndrome (PCS) is the least common incomplete spinal cord injury. Findings of posterior cord syndrome include loss of proprioception and vibration, which are not routinely tested with the American Spinal Cord Injury Association's International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) exam and can easily be missed. Seromas may develop after spinal instrumentation and can cause cord compression. Read More

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December 2018

[Micronutrients in enteral nutrition formulas. Is it possible to innovate?]

Nutr Hosp 2018 Apr 3;35(Spec no2):13-17. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

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The term "micronutrients" include vitamins and trace elements. Their recommended intakes in enteral formulas has been adhered to RDI/RDA and, in addition, their content is regulated in the European Union. However, deficiencies in micronutrients has been reported in specific patient groups under enteral nutrition (EN) in the last years. Read More

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A case of pregnancy-associated acute myocardial infarction with refractory ventricular fibrillation and heart failure.

J Cardiol Cases 2016 Jul 31;14(1):13-16. Epub 2016 Mar 31.

Department of Cardiology, Internal Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is rare among women of childbearing age. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), a rare cause of AMI, is the leading cause of pregnancy-associated acute myocardial infarction (PAMI), and is associated with critical complications, including pump failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden death. Optimal treatment strategies for SCAD and PAMI remain unclear. Read More

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Successful treatment of cerebral emboli with tissue plasminogen activator in a patient with takotsubo cardiomyopathy: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2016 Apr 12;13(4):117-120. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

Department of Cardiology, Uwajima City Hospital, Uwajima, Ehime, Japan.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a cardiac syndrome characterized by reversible left ventricular wall motion abnormalities. It mimics the acute coronary syndrome; however, significant obstructive coronary artery disease is absent. The prognosis is relatively favorable in many cases, but complications may occur during the acute stage. Read More

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Meningitis and brain abscess: First but fatal presentation in a child with tetralogy of fallot.

J Cardiol Cases 2016 Mar 30;13(3):72-74. Epub 2015 Dec 30.

Department of Paediatrics, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Brain abscess is a known complication of cyanotic congenital heart diseases. We report the case of a four-year-old girl whose first presentation in the hospital was because of symptoms referable to the neurological system. These symptoms are similar to those seen in cerebral malaria as well as other infections of the central nervous system, e. Read More

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It's Getting Hot in Here: Targeting Cancer Stem-like Cells with Hyperthermia.

J Stem Cell Transplant Biol 2017 29;2(2). Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Department of Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, NE30, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are a subset of cancer cells that are resistant to conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy. As such, CSCs have been recognized as playing a large role in tumor initiation and recurrence. Although hyperthermia is broadly used in cancer treatment either alone or in combination with radio- or chemo-therapy, its potential to target CSCs is not well understood. Read More

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December 2017

DIABETES INSIPIDUS IN A PATIENT WITH BRONCHOGENIC CARCINOMA AND SECONDARIES TO THE HYPOTHALAMUS - CASE REPORT.

J West Afr Coll Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;7(3):116-123

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological & Neurosurgical Hospital Pierre WERTHEIMER, Lyon, France.

We present a middle-aged man with features of diabetes insipidus, visual and mental impairments as a result of metastases from bronchogenic carcinoma. This case is being presented because it is uncommon; high index of suspicion and the relevant imaging techniques are required for diagnosis. Surgical resection of the pituitary secondaries with post-operative chemo-radiation brought resolution of symptoms. Read More

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December 2018

Lead and Cadmium Levels in Residential Soils of Lagos and Ibadan, Nigeria.

J Health Pollut 2017 Mar 29;7(13):42-55. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Background: Lead and cadmium are components of paints sold in Nigeria. These heavy metals are associated with adverse neurological, cardiovascular and other human health effects.

Objectives: This study assesses the levels of lead and cadmium in topsoil of residential areas in Lagos and Ibadan potentially resulting from painting of buildings. Read More

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Concomitant takotsubo cardiomyopathy with PRES syndrome: A coincidence or a real heart-brain connection?

J Cardiol Cases 2015 Aug 1;12(2):48-51. Epub 2015 May 1.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester, MI, USA.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a clinical entity characterized by reversible ventricular dysfunction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is another rare clinical syndrome characterized by reversible neurological symptoms. Concomitant occurrence is increasingly reported leading to credence to hypothesis of "heart-brain connection". Read More

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Therapeutic hypothermia with immunosuppressive drugs for a comatose renal transplant patient who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

J Cardiol Cases 2010 Jun 12;1(3):e147-e150. Epub 2010 Jan 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Osaka Mishima Emergency and Critical Care Center, 11-1 Minami Akutagawa-cho, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-1124, Japan.

A 31-year-old man suddenly collapsed at work. His colleagues witnessed the event, applied basic life support, and called for an ambulance. After the ambulance arrived, the initial rhythm was confirmed as ventricular fibrillation (VF) and he was defibrillated with an automated external defibrillator. Read More

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