140 results match your criteria Neurological Sequelae of Infectious Endocarditis


Infective endocarditis in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices: a nationwide study.

Europace 2020 Jul;22(7):1062-1070

Department of Cardiology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, CIBERCV, Calle Doctor Esquerdo, 46, 28007 Madrid, Spain.

Aims: Patients with infective endocarditis (IE) frequently have cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). Here, we aim to define the clinical profile and prognostic factors of IE in these patients.

Methods And Results: Infective endocarditis cases were prospectively identified in the Spanish National Endocarditis Registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/europace/euaa076DOI Listing

High level of D-dimer predicts ischemic stroke in patients with infective endocarditis.

J Clin Lab Anal 2020 May 3;34(5):e23206. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Background: Ischemic stroke is one of the most prominent and serious neurological complications of infective endocarditis (IE). Our study was designed to evaluate the predictive value of higher level of plasma D-dimer on admission for the development of ischemic stroke in patients with IE.

Methods: In this prospective study, a total of 173 consecutive patients with IE were recruited from January 2016 to December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcla.23206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246349PMC

Republished: Intracranial vessel occlusion preceding the development of mycotic aneurysms in patients with endocarditis.

J Neurointerv Surg 2020 Feb 14;12(2):e1. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Neurology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Mycotic aneurysms (MA) are an uncommon complication of infectious endocarditis. Septic emboli are thought to be the precipitating event in their development, but the evidence for this is sparse. We present three cases in which septic embolic occlusion preceded MA development at the occlusion site, suggesting that documented angiographic emboli in patients with infectious endocarditis and bacteremia constitute a risk factor for MA formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2019-015480.repDOI Listing
February 2020

Cumulative incidence and mortality of infective endocarditis in Siriraj hospital-Thailand: a 10-year retrospective study.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Dec 18;19(1):1062. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Wanglang Road, Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand.

Background: To investigate the cumulative incidence of and factors associated with mortality among patients with infective endocarditis (IE) at Thailand's largest national tertiary referral center.

Methods: Medical charts of adult patients diagnosed with IE by Duke criteria at Siriraj Hospital during January 2005 to May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: Of 380 patients, 66. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-4689-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6921523PMC
December 2019

Surgical options in infective valve endocarditis with neurological complications.

Ann Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Nov;8(6):661-666

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Leipzig, Heart Center Leipzig, Helios Clinic, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Surgery is a common treatment option for patients with infective endocarditis. We present a large cohort of surgically managed patients with infective endocarditis and evaluate the long-term mortality of those with and without neurological complications.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of patients surgically managed for infective endocarditis between 1994 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/acs.2019.10.04DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6892717PMC
November 2019

Intra-articular facet joint steroid injection-related adverse events encountered during 11,980 procedures.

Eur Radiol 2020 Mar 11;30(3):1507-1516. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 82 Gumiro, 173 Beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnamsi, Gyeonggi-do, 13620, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To analyze the incidence and characteristics of intra-articular facet joint injection (FJI)-related adverse events requiring hospitalization and emergency room visits.

Methods: From January 2007 to December 2017, a total of 11,980 FJI procedures in 6066 patients (mean age 66.8 years, range 15-97 years, M:F = 2004:4062) were performed in our department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06483-3DOI Listing

Neurological Complications of Endocarditis: A Multidisciplinary Review with Focus on Surgical Decision Making.

Semin Neurol 2019 08 18;39(4):495-506. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Department of Neurology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a systemic disease with many potential neurologic manifestations including ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, cerebral microbleeding, infectious intracranial aneurysms, meningitis, brain abscesses, and encephalopathy. The majority of left-sided (heart) IE patients have brain lesions that may alter management decisions, warranting the systematic use of magnetic resonance imaging. Many patients require surgical treatment of valvular disease, and central nervous system lesions weigh into decision making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1688826DOI Listing
August 2019
5 Reads

Neurological Complications of Infective Endocarditis.

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2019 03 30;19(5):23. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health, Neurology Service, Hospital de Santa Maria, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this narrative review and update is to summarize the current knowledge and provide recent advances on the neurologic complications of infective endocarditis.

Recent Findings: Neurological complications occur in about one-fourth of patients with infective endocarditis. Brain MRI represents a major tool for the identification of asymptomatic lesions, which occur in most of the patients with infective endocarditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11910-019-0935-xDOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads
3.059 Impact Factor

Treatment of a cervical epidural abscess.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 20;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

First reported in 1988, is a virulent coagulase-negative species often associated with endocarditis. This is the first case report describing this infection in the cervical spine. A 58-year-old, left-handed Caucasian woman with no significant medical history presented with neck and left arm pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227449DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Clot Analysis in Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Stroke 2019 04;50(4):e106-e109

Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (M.A.C.), Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.023700DOI Listing

[Infective endocarditis in Morocco through the experience of a hospital department].

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2019 Apr 23;68(2):87-93. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Service de cardiologie B, centre hosipitalier universitaire Ibn Sina, Rabat, Maroc.

Infective endocarditis is a grave disease because of a high level of morbidity and mortality. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 100 patients hospitalized for infective endocarditis from January 2009 until December 2015. The mean age was 41 years with a male predominance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ancard.2018.10.014DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Imaging of cerebrovascular complications of infection.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2018 Nov;8(10):1039-1051

Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang 550004, China.

Cerebrovascular complications may occur in infectious diseases in the setting of infective endocarditis, central nervous system (CNS) infections, systemic bacteremia and sepsis. Cerebrovascular complications of infections include vasculitis, mycotic aneurysms, and thrombophlebitis. Infectious vasculitis of the CNS may cause cerebral hemorrhage, infarction or ischemia. Read More

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http://qims.amegroups.com/article/view/22608/21889
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/qims.2018.11.08DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288057PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

MRI Presentation of Infectious Intracranial Aneurysms in Infective Endocarditis.

Neurocrit Care 2019 06;30(3):658-665

Cerebrovascular Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: The radiographic appearance of infectious intracranial aneurysms (IIAs) of infective endocarditis (IE) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain is varied. We aimed to describe the IIA-specific MRI features in a series of patients with IIAs.

Methods: Records of patients with active IE who had digital subtraction angiography (DSA) at a tertiary medical center from January 2011 to December 2016 were reviewed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12028-018-0654-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-018-0654-1DOI Listing
June 2019
37 Reads

[Splenic infarction revealing infectious endocarditis in a pregnant woman: about a case and brief literature review].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 27;30:184. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction, Rabat, Maroc.

The diagnosis of splenic infarction is rarely reported in pregnant women. Current incidence of splenic infarction, especially during infectious endocardites as well as diagnostic methods used are poorly specified in the literature. We here report the case of a 26-year old woman with no particular previous history or cardiovascular risk factor who, at the end 14 weeks of amenorrhea, presented to the Emergency Department with febrile syndrome evolving over 10 days and abdominal pain of recent onset at the level of the left hypochondre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.184.14262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235498PMC
December 2018
33 Reads

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage From a Distal Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm Possibly Related to Segmental Arterial Mediolysis.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 14;122:429-432. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kurashiki Central Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

Background: Distal middle cerebral artery aneurysm (DMCAAn) is rare, and the clinical features and the etiology are not well understood. Segmental artery mediolysis (SAM) is a pathologic entity that affects the media of the muscular artery and can cause arterial dissection and a hemorrhagic event. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to SAM in the vertebral artery has been documented. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183257
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.031DOI Listing
February 2019
29 Reads

[Infectious endocarditis: Experience of a cardiology department at Oran university hospital].

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2019 Apr 6;68(2):94-97. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Faculté de médecine, Oran, Algérie.

Introduction: Infectious endocarditis (IE) is a serious disease that has continued to evolve in diagnostic and therapeutic terms.

Aim: To analyze the diagnostic and out come profile.

Methods: We collected 57 (IE) cases with a definite diagnosis according to the modified Duke criteria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00033928183013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ancard.2018.08.033DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Intracranial bleeding (ICB) as a catastrophic complication of infective endocarditis (IE) in an immunocompetent patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 10;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

We present an interesting case of late-onset intracranial bleeding (ICB) as a complication of causing infective endocarditis. A previously healthy young woman was diagnosed with infective endocarditis. While she was already on treatment for 2 weeks, she had developed seizures with a localising neurological sign. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225265DOI Listing
September 2018
43 Reads

Pediatric intracranial aneurysms in Senegal: a series of 10 cases treated in unfavorable socio-economic conditions.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 01 20;35(1):165-168. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Neurosurgery Department, Fann Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal.

Objective: The aim of this study is to show the characteristics of pediatric intracranial aneurysms in a sub-Saharan country and to analyze the results of treatment in this challenging medical environment.

Method: The authors reviewed retrospectively ten patients ≤ 18 years old between May 2013 and December 2016 in Neurosurgery department of Fann Hospital in Dakar. For each child, clinical features, radiological findings, and outcome were determined with mean follow-up of 22 months. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-018-3943-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3943-2DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Intravenous Drug Use Is Novel Predictor of Infectious Intracranial Aneurysms in Patients with Infective Endocarditis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 17;118:e813-e817. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Infectious intracranial aneurysms (IIAs) are a rare but potentially devastating complication of infective endocarditis. The clinical and radiographic findings that predispose patients to IIA remain poorly understood.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of consecutive endocarditis patients undergoing catheter-based angiography at a single tertiary-level academic center during the period of July 2013-December 2017. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183153
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.060DOI Listing
October 2018
47 Reads

Staphylococcus Lugdunensis Endocarditis and Cerebrovascular Accident: A Systemic Review of Risk Factors and Clinical outcome.

Cureus 2018 Apr 12;10(4):e2469. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Division of Cardiology, Brooklyn Hospital Center/Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, USA.

Infective endocarditis (IE) secondary to Staphylococcus lugdunensis has been increasingly recognized since 1988. IE-related thromboembolism represents an associated complication of the disease and carries a dismal prognosis. However, the incidence of cerebrovascular accident secondary to S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5997432PMC
April 2018
37 Reads

Expanding Eligibility for the Ross Procedure: A Reasonable Proposition?

Can J Cardiol 2018 06 31;34(6):759-765. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montreal, Montreal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Although the Ross procedure offers potential benefits in young adults, technical complexity represents a significant limitation. Therefore, the safety of expanding its use in more complex settings is uncertain. The aim of this study was to compare early outcomes of standard isolated Ross procedures vs expanding elgibility to higher-risk clinical settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2018.01.023DOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads
3.711 Impact Factor

Multidisciplinary management of pyogenic spondylodiscitis: epidemiological and clinical features, prognostic factors and long-term outcomes in 207 patients.

Eur Spine J 2018 06 17;27(Suppl 2):229-236. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Department of Infectious Diseases, "A. Gemelli" University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome, 00168, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: Pyogenic spondylodiscitis (PS) is a potentially life-threatening infection burdened by high morbidity rates. Despite the rising incidence, the proper management of PS is still controversial. Aim of this study was to describe the clinical features of PS and to evaluate the prognostic factors and the long-term outcomes of a large population of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5598-9DOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

The Frequency of Infective Endocarditis in Candida Bloodstream Infections: a Retrospective Study in a Child Hospital.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Jan-Feb;33(1):54-58

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Dr. Behçet Uz Children's Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Fungal endocarditis is reported less frequently than bacterial endocarditis, with an incidence of 0-12% of the total pediatric infective endocarditis.

Objective: In this study, the incidence of infective endocarditis in Candida bloodstream infections in a tertiary hospital during the periods of 2007 and 2016 was reviewed.

Methods: Patients with positive blood or catheter cultures in terms of Candida spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2017-0049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5873774PMC
December 2018
21 Reads

Cerebral microbleeds predict infectious intracranial aneurysm in infective endocarditis.

Eur J Neurol 2018 07 4;25(7):970-975. Epub 2018 May 4.

Cerebrovascular Center, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background And Purpose: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features such as cerebral microbleeds and sulcal susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) or gradient-echo T2* lesions in infective endocarditis (IE) have been associated with the presence of infectious intracranial aneurysm (IIA). Our aim was to validate these MRI predictors for IIA in order to better assist in assessing the appropriate indications for digital subtraction angiography (DSA).

Methods: The derivation cohort comprised IE patients with neurological evaluation, MRI and DSA at a single tertiary referral center from January 2015 to July 2016. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ene.13641
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.13641DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Effect of cerebral embolus size on the timing of cardiac surgery for infective endocarditis in patients with neurological complications.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2018 Mar 6;37(3):545-553. Epub 2018 Jan 6.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 05505, Republic of Korea.

The optimal timing of cardiac surgery remains unclear for patients with neurological complications of infective endocarditis (IE). However, neuroimaging findings may allow more refined clinical decision-making. We analyzed clinical and advanced neuroimaging data for 135 patients with IE who had preoperatively diagnosed ischemic cerebral complications (86 patients) or hemorrhagic complications (49 patients), between January 1997 and May 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-017-3148-8DOI Listing
March 2018
27 Reads

[Presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage and then blood culture negative infective endocarditis: a case report and literature review].

Authors:
Y Yuan M Shen X G Gao

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2017 Dec;49(6):1081-1086

Department of Neurology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing 100044, China.

The patient, a 43-year-old man, had paroxysmal headache three months ago, and he had complained the left occipital sharp pain, which could be alleviated by itself, with alalia and the right side of the upper limb numbness. Head computed tomography (CT) revealed a left temporal lobe intraparenchymal hemorrhage with the left side of the subarachnoid hemorrhage in small quantities. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) revealed a suspicious aneurysm on the left internal carotid artery siphon. Read More

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December 2017
8 Reads

Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis of the elderly: Characteristics and outcomes.

PLoS One 2017 5;12(12):e0188470. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Tours, Hôpital Bretonneau, Tours, France.

Background: The incidence of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) has increased over the past two decades. One possible cause of this increase is the aging of the population, which results in more comorbidities in high income countries.

Objective: To better characterize the clinical presentation and outcome of PVO in the elderly. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0188470PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716588PMC
December 2017
24 Reads

Mechanical Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke Secondary to Infective Endocarditis.

Clin Infect Dis 2018 04;66(8):1286-1289

Infectious Diseases Service, Hospital Clinic-Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Spain.

Intravenous thrombolysis is contraindicated in acute ischemic stroke secondary to infective endocarditis. We report our initial experience in 6 cases of proximal vessel occlusion treated with mechanical thrombectomy, which was safe (no bleeding) and effective (significant early neurological improvement) and might be useful in this clinical setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/cix1000DOI Listing
April 2018
65 Reads
8.890 Impact Factor

Association Between Cardiac Surgery and Mortality Among Patients With Infective Endocarditis Complicated by Sepsis and Septic Shock.

Shock 2018 05;49(5):536-542

University Hospital for Infectious Diseases "Dr. Fran Mihaljevic," Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Sepsis and septic shock are common presentations of infective endocarditis (IE), but little is known about clinical characteristics in this group of patients, use of surgical treatment, and their associations with outcome. We sought to determine the influence of cardiac surgery (CS) on the outcome of patients with IE in different stages of sepsis severity.

Methods: Two hundred ninety four patients with definite IE native or prosthetic valve IE admitted between 2000 and 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0000000000001013DOI Listing
May 2018
40 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging Lesion and Contrast Enhancement May Represent Infectious Intracranial Aneurysm in Infective Endocarditis.

Cerebrovasc Dis 2017 19;44(3-4):210-216. Epub 2017 Aug 19.

Cerebrovascular Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: Infectious intracranial aneurysm (IIA) can complicate infective endocarditis (IE). We aimed to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of IIA.

Methods: We reviewed IIAs among 116 consecutive patients with active IE by conducting a neurological evaluation at a single tertiary referral center from January 2015 to July 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000479706DOI Listing
June 2018
98 Reads

Endovascular Embolization of Intracranial Infectious Aneurysms in Patients Undergoing Open Heart Surgery Using n-Butyl Cyanoacrylate.

Interv Neurol 2017 Mar 21;6(1-2):82-89. Epub 2017 Jan 21.

Cerebrovascular Center of the Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Introduction: Mycotic aneurysms are a serious complication of infective endocarditis with increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage. Patients undergoing open heart surgery for valve repair or replacement are exposed to anticoagulants, increasing the risk of aneurysm bleeding. These patients may require endovascular or surgical aneurysm treatment prior to heart surgery, but data on this approach are scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000455806DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5465687PMC
March 2017
51 Reads

Successful delayed coiling of a ruptured growing distal posterior cerebral artery mycotic aneurysm.

Neurochirurgie 2017 Mar 7;63(1):17-20. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, 1345, Govan Road, G51 4TF Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Intracranial infectious aneurysm (IIA) is a rare form of cerebrovascular malformation for which obliteration may be undertaken after rupture or non-response to targeted antibiotic therapy. We discuss the case of a 19-year-old man who presented with acute neurologic decline (Glasgow Coma Scale of 8) and endocarditis. CT images demonstrated subarachnoid haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and a mycotic aneurysm on the left posterior cerebral artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2016.10.005DOI Listing
March 2017
11 Reads

Three cases of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome with chronic kidney disease triggered by infection.

Nephrology (Carlton) 2017 Apr;22(4):322-325

Division of Nephrology and Endocrinology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical and radiological condition with diverse neurological manifestations. Many clinical factors are known causes of PRES, but only a few cases of PRES have been reported in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and infectious disease. We describe three cases of PRES in patients with CKD triggered by various infectious diseases. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/nep.12930
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nep.12930DOI Listing
April 2017
21 Reads

Successful coil embolization of a ruptured mycotic aneurysm that developed three days after septic embolic infarction: Case report and review of the literature.

J Clin Neurosci 2017 May 10;39:95-98. Epub 2017 Feb 10.

Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Infectious intracranial aneurysms (IIAs) are rare entities and are often associated with septic embolus from infectious endocarditis. They may develop rapidly and carry a higher risk of rupture and mortality compared to noninfectious aneurysms. However, the development and rupture of an IIA within 48h in a patient with septic infarction patient is exceedingly rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.01.021DOI Listing
May 2017
8 Reads

When the heart rules the head: ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage complicating infective endocarditis.

Pract Neurol 2017 Jan 3;17(1):28-34. Epub 2017 Jan 3.

Department of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology & Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, UK

Sir William Osler meticulously described the clinical manifestations of infective endocarditis in 1885, concluding that: 'few diseases present greater difficulties in the way of diagnosis … which in many cases are practically insurmountable'. Even with modern investigation techniques, diagnosing infective endocarditis can be hugely challenging, yet is critically important in patients presenting with stroke (both cerebral infarction and intracranial haemorrhage), its commonest neurological complication. In ischaemic stroke, intravenous thrombolysis carries an unacceptably high risk of intracranial haemorrhage, while in intracerebral haemorrhage, mycotic aneurysms require urgent treatment to avoid rebleeding, and in all cases, prompt treatment with antibiotics and valve surgery may be life-saving. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/practneurol-2016-001469DOI Listing
January 2017
55 Reads

Cerebral Microhemorrhages and Meningeal Siderosis in Infective Endocarditis.

Cerebrovasc Dis 2017 22;43(1-2):59-67. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

Department of Radiology, Yale University and Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, Conn., USA.

Objective: Patients with infective endocarditis (IE) frequently experience cerebral insults, and neurological involvement in IE has been reported to herald a worse prognosis. In this manuscript, we describe a distinctive pattern of findings on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) sequences in subjects with IE.

Methods: Patients with IE who underwent SWI MRI at an academic hospital from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000452718DOI Listing
December 2017
35 Reads

Surgical Management of Infective Endocarditis Complicated by Embolic Stroke: Practical Recommendations for Clinicians.

Circulation 2016 Oct;134(17):1280-1292

From Division of Cardiac Surgery (B.Y., D.L., S.V.) and Division of Neurology (G.S.), St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada; Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland, OH (G.B.P.); Aix-Marseille Université and Cardiology Department, APHM, La Timone Hospital, Marseille, France (G.H.); and Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, ON, Canada (M.R.).

There has been an overall improvement in surgical mortality for patients with infective endocarditis (IE), presumably because of improved diagnosis and management, centered around a more aggressive early surgical approach. Surgery is currently performed in approximately half of all cases of IE. Improved survival in surgery-treated patients is correlated with a reduction in heart failure and the prevention of embolic sequelae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.024156DOI Listing
October 2016
41 Reads
14.430 Impact Factor

Is brain angio-MRI useful in infective endocarditis management?

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2016 Dec 6;35(12):2053-2058. Epub 2016 Sep 6.

Public Health Department, CHU Grenoble, Grenoble, France.

In infective endocarditis (IE), brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is helpful to diagnose clinically silent neurological events. We assessed the usefulness of systematic early brain MRI in IE diagnosis and medico-surgical management. Over a period of 1 year, all patients admitted in one of the three hospitals participating in and fulfilling the Duke criteria for definite or possible IE underwent cerebral MRI within 7 days of IE suspicion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-016-2764-zDOI Listing
December 2016
6 Reads

Management of infectious intracranial aneurysms in the pediatric population.

Childs Nerv Syst 2016 Jul 14;32(7):1205-17. Epub 2016 May 14.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Mail Code 8855, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.

Introduction: Infectious intracranial aneurysms (IIAs) account for approximately 15 % of all pediatric intracranial aneurysms. Histologically, they are pseudoaneurysms that develop in response to an inflammatory reaction within the adventitia and muscularis layers, ultimately resulting in disruption of both the internal elastic membrane and the intima. The majority of pediatric IIAs are located within the anterior circulation, and they can be multiple in 15-25 % of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-016-3101-7DOI Listing
July 2016
13 Reads

Pre-operative stroke and neurological disability do not independently affect short- and long-term mortality in infective endocarditis patients.

Clin Res Cardiol 2016 Oct 27;105(10):847-57. Epub 2016 Apr 27.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jena University Hospital-Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Erlanger Allee 101, 07747, Jena, Germany.

Background: Infective endocarditis (IE) is still associated with high morbidity and mortality. The impact of pre-operative stroke on mortality and long-term survival is controversial. In addition, data on the severity of neurological disability due to pre-operative stroke are scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00392-016-0993-xDOI Listing
October 2016
22 Reads

Infective endocarditis due to Abiotrophia defectiva and Granulicatella spp. complicated by infectious intracranial cerebral aneurysms: a report of three cases and review of the literature.

J Med Microbiol 2016 Jun 5;65(6):493-499. Epub 2016 Apr 5.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Nutritionally variant streptococci, now classified as Abiotrophia defectivaor Granulicatella spp., are thought to account for 2 % of all infective endocarditis cases but estimates of their frequency are complicated by changes in nomenclature and difficulties in obtaining positive microbiology cultures. Their growth characteristics and difficulty undertaking antibiotic susceptibility testing may impede optimal antibiotic treatment decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000260DOI Listing
June 2016
17 Reads
2.250 Impact Factor

Steak tartare endocarditis.

BMJ Case Rep 2016 Feb 25;2016. Epub 2016 Feb 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

This report describes a case of Campylobacter fetus prosthetic valve infective endocarditis and discusses the subsequent management. Although C. fetus has a tropism for vascular endothelium, infective endocarditis has rarely been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2015-212928DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4769454PMC
February 2016
18 Reads

Can radiological characteristics of preoperative cerebral lesions predict postoperative intracranial haemorrhage in endocarditis patients?

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2016 May 16;49(5):e119-26. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Jena, Germany

Objectives: Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high mortality (20-40%) and neurological complications (20-50%). Postoperative intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is a feared complication especially in patients with preoperative cerebral infarcts. The aim of this study was to determine the radiological characteristics of cerebral lesions that could predict the occurrence of postoperative ICH in IE patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezw014DOI Listing
May 2016
41 Reads

A case of ruptured infectious anterior cerebral artery aneurysm treated by interposition graft bypass using the superficial temporal artery.

Surg Neurol Int 2016 6;7. Epub 2016 Jan 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: To describe the application of an interposition graft bypass using superficial temporal artery (STA) for the treatment of a ruptured anterior cerebral artery (ACA) infectious aneurysm.

Case Description: A 30-year-old male suffered from severe headache with high fever. The patient's diagnosis was ruptured infectious ACA aneurysm at the A3 segment with a maximum diameter of 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2152-7806.173319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4722526PMC
February 2016
37 Reads

[THE ONSET OF INFECTIOUS ENDOCARDITIS WITH NEUROLOGICAL SYMPTOMS].

Klin Med (Mosk) 2016;94(9):701-4

Despite the well known clinical and laboratory signs of infectious endocarditis, it remains one of the most difficult conditions in terms of diagnostics. A cause of its late diagnostics is polymorphism of the clinical picture accompanied, especially at early stages, by clinical “masks” (cardiac, pulmonary, renal, cerebral, etc.). Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Infective endocarditis requiring ICU admission: epidemiology and prognosis.

Ann Intensive Care 2015 Dec 1;5(1):45. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Pôle de Réanimation, Hôpital R. Salengro, CHU de Lille, Avenue du Professeur E. Laine, 59037, Lille Cedex, France.

Background: Very few studies focused on patients with severe infective endocarditis (IE) and multiple complications leading to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission. Studied primary outcomes depended on the series and multiple prognostic factors have been identified. Our goal was to determinate characteristics of patients, in-hospital mortality and independent prognostic factors in an overall population of patients admitted to ICU for a left-sided, definite, active and severe IE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13613-015-0091-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4666184PMC
December 2015
37 Reads

Value of brain MRI in infective endocarditis: a narrative literature review.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2016 Feb 19;35(2):159-68. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Public Health Department, CHU Grenoble, Grenoble, France.

The nervous system is frequently involved in patients with infective endocarditis (IE). A systematic review of the literature was realized in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). This study sought to systematically evaluate the published evidence of the contribution of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in IE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-015-2523-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4724368PMC
February 2016
5 Reads

Cerebral imaging in infectious endocarditis: A clinical study.

Infect Dis (Lond) 2016 15;48(3):235-40. Epub 2015 Nov 15.

d Public Health Department ;

Background: Because neurological failure is the most frequent extra-cardiac complication in Infectious Endocarditis (IE), a brain computerised tomography (CT) scan is usually performed. The benefits of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have not been clearly established. This study aims to clarify the prevalence and type of cerebral lesions in IE detected using MRI and to compare them with those detected using CT scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/23744235.2015.1109704DOI Listing
June 2016
24 Reads

[Management of Infective Endocarditis with Neurological Complication].

Kyobu Geka 2015 Nov;68(11):896-902

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan.

Neurological complications in patients with infective endocarditis are frequent and mortality is higher in those with neurological complications than in those without. The spectrum of neurological complications includes cerebral infarction, intracranial hemorrhage, intracranial infectious aneurysm, transient ischemic attack (TIA), meningitis, encephalopathy and brain abscess. The appropriate timing of valve surgery following a cerebrovascular event remains controversial because cardiopulmonary bypass may exacerbate neurological deficits. Read More

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November 2015
9 Reads

Endocarditis and meningitis associated to nape piercing in a young female: a case report.

Infez Med 2015 Sep;23(3):275-9

Hepatology Unit, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "L. Spallanzani", Rome, Italy.

Body piercing is a social phenomenon on the rise especially among young people. This procedure may be complicated by serious bacterial and viral infections. We report a case of Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis and meningitis arising from the site of a nape piercing, after its removal. Read More

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September 2015
15 Reads