122,242 results match your criteria Neurologic Disease and Pregnancy


Therapeutic Hypothermia in Brazil: A MultiProfessional National Survey.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Division, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective:  To determine the rate of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) use, current practices, and long-term follow-up.

Study Design:  Prospective cross-sectional national survey with 19 questions related to the assessment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and TH practices. An online questionnaire was made available to health care professionals working in neonatal care in Brazil. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Strongyloides stercoralis infection in imported and local dogs in Switzerland: from clinics to molecular genetics.

Parasitol Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Small Animal Clinic, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Strongyloides stercoralis is a worldwide-distributed intestinal nematode affecting mainly humans and dogs. Canine strongyloidosis is generally characterised by diarrhoea, malabsorption and bronchopneumonia, and may be fatal in cases of impaired immunity. In recent years, molecular and epidemiological studies suggested that host-adapted populations of S. Read More

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December 2018

Spectrum and time course of epilepsy and the associated cognitive decline in duplication syndrome.

Neurology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

From the Departments of Neurology (D.M., B.S., R.S., D.G., V.N.P., A.M.G.) and Pediatrics (R.S., D.G.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Objective: We characterized the epilepsy features and contribution to cognitive regression in 47 patients with duplication syndrome (MDS) and reviewed these characteristics in over 280 MDS published cases.

Methods: The institutional review board approved this retrospective review of medical records and case histories of patients with MDS.

Results: The average age at enrollment was 10 ± 7 years. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of retraction time as a predictor of postoperative motor dysfunction after minimally invasive transpsoas interbody fusion at L4-L5.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Washington, D.C, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Complications associated with the lateral lumbar transpsoas approach largely comprise various nerve-related syndromes particularly at L4-5. Quadriceps weakness can occur from stretch injury to the femoral nerve during retraction.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of retraction time in the development of postoperative neuropathic motor weakness at the L4-5 level. Read More

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December 2018

The incidence of carotid in-stent stenosis is underestimated ≥50% or ≥80% and its clinical implications.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

CAMC Health Education and Research Institute, Charleston, WVa.

Background: The incidence of carotid in-stent stenosis has been reported to vary between 1% and 30%. Most published studies have short follow-up, which may lead to underestimation of the incidence of in-stent stenosis. This study analyzed the incidence of ≥50% and ≥80% in-stent stenosis using validated duplex ultrasound criteria and its clinical implications. Read More

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December 2018

Partial Costotransversectomy and Corpectomy for Thoracic Spinal Metastatic Disease: Operative Technique and Nuances: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, Florida.

We describe the operative approach and management for thoracic metastatic disease in a 78-yr-old man with worsening mechanical lower back and left-sided thoracic radicular pain. Imaging of the thoracic spine revealed an osteolytic T11 mass with destruction of the left T11 pedicle and transverse process. Biopsy confirmed spinal metastasis from the liver. Read More

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December 2018

Can Identification of Genetic Polymorphisms Associated With Neurologic Disease Guide Future Treatment Strategies?

Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E1-E2

Department of Neurological Surgery University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami, Florida.

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January 2019

Just the Tip: Resection of a Narcotic Catheter-Tip Granuloma: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Miami, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida.

The catheter tip "granuloma" is a rare inflammatory mass that forms in about 3% of patients with an intradural catheter, most commonly from a morphine pump. It has also been seen with other narcotic pumps, narcotic-non-narcotic combinations, and baclofen pumps. Mass formation is associated with increased opioid dose and concentration. Read More

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December 2018
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The insights into molecular pathways of hypoxia-inducible factor in the brain.

J Neurosci Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Departments of Anesthesiology and Physiology, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California.

The objectives of this present work were to review recent developments on the role of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) in the survival of cells under normoxic versus hypoxic and inflammatory brain conditions. The dual nature of HIF effects appears well established, based on the accumulated evidence of HIF playing both the role of adaptive factor and mediator of cell demise. Cellular HIF responses depend on pathophysiological conditions, developmental phase, comorbidities, and administered medications. Read More

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December 2018
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Optical coherence tomography in the investigation of systemic neurologic disease.

Clin Exp Optom 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a well-established technique for the clinical examination, diagnosis, severity staging and monitoring of ophthalmic disorders. The application of this technology has more recently been extended beyond ophthalmic disease, whereby it has been demonstrated that OCT can serve as an ophthalmic marker for a range of systemic neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and diabetic peripheral neuropathy. This review will focus on the clinical utility of OCT-derived retinal measures for the investigation of these conditions. Read More

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December 2018

[Intramedullary spinal cord tumour as differential diagnosis to bilateral muscle weakness].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Dec;180(50)

Intramedullary spinal cord tumours (IMSCT) are rare neoplasms, which can potentially lead to severe neurologic deficits. In this case report, an 83-year-old man presented with rapidly progressive bilateral muscle weakness developed within few weeks. MRI revealed a spinal cord tumour at the C7/Th1 vertebral level. Read More

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December 2018

Posterior cord syndrome associated with postoperative seroma: The case to perform a complete neurologic exam.

J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Dec 14:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

b Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department , Tufts Medical Center , Boston , Massachusetts , USA.

Context: Posterior cord syndrome (PCS) is the least common incomplete spinal cord injury. Findings of posterior cord syndrome include loss of proprioception and vibration, which are not routinely tested with the American Spinal Cord Injury Association's International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) exam and can easily be missed. Seromas may develop after spinal instrumentation and can cause cord compression. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of interplay between age and low-flow duration on neurologic outcomes of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Intensive Care Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, and College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, No. 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, 100, Taiwan.

Purpose: Caseloads of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) have increased considerably, and hospital mortality rates remain high and unpredictable. The present study evaluated the effects of the interplay between age and prolonged low-flow duration (LFD) on hospital survival rates in elderly patients to identify subgroups that can benefit from ECPR.

Methods: Adult patients who received ECPR in our institution (2006-2016) were classified into groups 1, 2, and 3 (18-65, 65-75, and > 75 years, respectively). Read More

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December 2018

Paraplegia after coronary artery bypass surgery: An uncommon complication in a patient with history of thoracic endovascular aortic repair.

J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2018 Dec 4;4(4):272-274. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Cardiac Surgery, Marie Lannelongue Hospital, University of Paris Sud, Le Plessis-Robinson, France.

Neurologic lesions are unusual complications after coronary artery bypass surgery. Among them, paraplegia is one of the rarest, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We report a case of paraplegia after coronary artery bypass following previous thoracic endovascular aortic repair. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluating layered stigma from comorbid HIV and epilepsy among Zambian adults.

eNeurologicalSci 2018 Dec 21;13:56-62. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Strong Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, University of Rochester, 265 Crittenden Blvd, CU420694, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

Background And Purpose: Stigma hinders care for patients with neurologic illness. Layered stigma due to comorbid disease is common yet poorly characterized due to lack of instruments. Epilepsy and HIV are prototypical stigmatized conditions widespread in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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December 2018
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Efficacy of SMTP-7, a small-molecule anti-inflammatory thrombolytic, in embolic stroke in monkeys.

Pharmacol Res Perspect 2018 Dec 5;6(6):e00448. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Applied Biological Science Tokyo Noko University (Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology) Tokyo Japan.

SMTP-7 ( triprenyl phenol-7) is a small molecule that promotes thrombolysis and suppresses inflammation possibly through plasminogen modulation and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition, respectively. Here, we demonstrate an efficacy of SMTP-7 in a severe embolic stroke model in monkeys. The middle cerebral artery was embolized by an autologous blood clot. Read More

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December 2018

Carnitine deficiency in epileptic children treated with a diversity of anti-epileptic regimens.

Egypt J Neurol Psychiatr Neurosurg 2018 21;54(1):37. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Fayoum City, 63611 Egypt.

Background: Carnitine deficiency is relatively common in epileptic patients. The risk factors reported include the combination of valproic acid with other antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), young age, multiple neurologic disabilities, non-ambulatory status, and being underweight.

Objectives: To study the level of carnitine deficiency and its associated risk factors among a group of children with idiopathic epilepsy treated with different AEDs. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Transmission of amyloid-β protein pathology from cadaveric pituitary growth hormone.

Nature 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

MRC Prion Unit at UCL, UCL Institute of Prion Diseases, London, UK.

We previously reported the presence of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) deposits in individuals with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) who had been treated during childhood with human cadaveric pituitary-derived growth hormone (c-hGH) contaminated with prions. The marked deposition of parenchymal and vascular Aβ in these relatively young individuals with treatment-induced (iatrogenic) CJD (iCJD), in contrast to other prion-disease patients and population controls, allied with the ability of Alzheimer's disease brain homogenates to seed Aβ deposition in laboratory animals, led us to argue that the implicated c-hGH batches might have been contaminated with Aβ seeds as well as with prions. However, this was necessarily an association, and not an experimental, study in humans and causality could not be concluded. Read More

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December 2018
11 Reads

A 17-Year-Old Boy With High-Functioning Autism, Gastrointestinal Illness, and Seizures.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; and

A healthy 17-year-old boy with a high-functioning pervasive developmental disorder presented to the emergency department after having a 4-minute episode of seizure-like activity in the setting of presumed viral gastroenteritis. Within an hour of emergency department arrival, he developed a forehead-sparing facial droop, right-sided ptosis, and expressive aphasia, prompting stroke team assessment and urgent neuroimaging. Laboratory results later revealed a serum sodium of 119 mmol/L. Read More

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December 2018
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The contribution of neurologic disorders to the national prevalence of depression and anxiety problems among children and adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Purpose: Depression and anxiety are growing global public health issues and affect millions of children and adolescents in the United States. Although individuals with neurologic disorders (NDs) are at increased risk of adverse mental health disorders, they represent a minority of the population. The purpose of this study was to characterize the national prevalence of depression and anxiety problems in children and adolescents by the presence of various NDs. Read More

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November 2018

Compressive radial neuropathy by a synovial cyst during pregnancy: A clinical case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13455

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tung's Taichung Metroharbor Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Rationale: Compressive radial neuropathy by a synovial cyst in the radial tunnel during pregnancy is a rare occurrence. The management of radial nerve compression caused by a synovial cyst in a pregnant patient is a surgical dilemma owing to the fetal and maternal risks of treatment.

Patient Concerns And Diagnosis: A 37-year-old pregnant woman presented with progressive forearm pain at the gestational age of 12 weeks. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Inflammatory demyelinating neuropathies with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: Two case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13304

Department of Nephrology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Rationale: Inflammatory demyelinating neuropathies such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) are autoimmune disorders that may have a common pathogenesis. Here, we describe 2 unique cases of FSGS, 1 with GBS and the other with CIPD. We believe that reviewing these multisystemic diseases will help in better understanding of FSGS pathogenesis. Read More

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December 2018

Pulse pressure and perioperative stroke.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Central pulse pressure (PP), a marker of vascular stiffness, is a novel indicator of risk for perioperative morbidity including ischemic stroke. Appreciation for the mechanism by which vascular stiffness leads to organ dysfunction along with understanding its clinical detection may lead to improved patient management.

Recent Findings: Vascular stiffness is associated with increased mortality and neurologic, cardiac, and renal injury in nonsurgical and surgical patients. Read More

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December 2018

Pathologic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical findings in pulmonary and encephalitic cryptococcosis in a goat.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2018 Dec 12:1040638718816358. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratories of Animal Pathology (Headley, Michelazzo, Oliveira), Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

We describe the pathologic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical findings associated with pulmonary and encephalitic cryptococcosis in a 3-y-old, mixed-breed, nanny goat from central-west Brazil. The goat had progressive neurologic signs over 30 d; cryptococcosis was diagnosed antemortem by cytologic evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid. Treatment was initiated, but the animal died spontaneously shortly thereafter. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of Incidence and Character of Neurologic/ Neuropsychiatric Complications in a Group of Patients with Malignant Melanoma Treated with Adjuvant High Dose Interferon.

Klin Onkol 2018 ;31(5):361-365

Background: Authors describe the incidence and character of neurologic and neuropsychiatric complications - particularly depression and parkinsonism - during adjuvant treatment of malignant melanoma (MM) with high dose interferon (HDI). Among the most frequently observed side effects are fatigue, hematotoxicity, and hepatotoxicity. Most research has been directed at depression and parkinsonism because of the lack of literature concerning these complications. Read More

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January 2018

mutations cause variable phenotypes of developmental and epileptic encephalopathy.

Epilepsia Open 2018 Dec 1;3(4):495-502. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Pediatrics Showa University School of Medicine Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo Japan.

Objective: Vitamin B-dependent epilepsies are treatable disorders caused by variants in several genes, such as ,, and others. Recently, biallelic variants in formerly known as , were identified as a novel cause of vitamin B-dependent epilepsies. Our objective was to further delineate the phenotype of mutation. Read More

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December 2018

Methodologic recommendations and possible interpretations of video-EEG recordings in immature rodents used as experimental controls: A TASK1-WG2 report of the ILAE/AES Joint Translational Task Force.

Epilepsia Open 2018 Dec 11;3(4):437-459. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Laboratory of Developmental Epilepsy Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience Isabelle Rapin Division of Child Neurology Albert Einstein College of Medicine Einstein/Montefiore Epilepsy Center Montefiore Medical Center Bronx New York U.S.A.

The use of immature rodents to study physiologic aspects of cortical development requires high-quality recordings electroencephalography (EEG) with simultaneous video recording (vEEG) of behavior. Normative developmental vEEG data in control animals are fundamental for the study of abnormal background activity in animal models of seizures or other neurologic disorders. Electrical recordings from immature, freely behaving rodents can be particularly difficult because of the small size of immature rodents, their thin and soft skull, interference with the recording apparatus by the dam, and other technical challenges. Read More

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December 2018

A Rare Desmoglein-2 Gene Mutation in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy Inciting Incessant Ventricular Fibrillation.

Cureus 2018 Sep 29;10(9):e3388. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Internal Medicine, Overlook Medical Center, Summit, USA.

A case of a 51-year-old female with history of hypertension and a significant family history of premature coronary artery disease presented to the hospital after cardiac arrest. She successfully completed a targeted temperature management therapy with full neurologic recovery. Her hospital course was complicated by several bouts of ventricular fibrillation (VF) arrest which was rescued by timely defibrillation, high quality cardiorespiratory resuscitation, and administration of antiarrhythmic medications and inotropic agents. Read More

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September 2018

Neurofilament Light Chain: Blood Biomarker of Neonatal Neuronal Injury.

Front Neurol 2018 20;9:984. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Neurofilament light chain (NfL) is a highly promising biomarker of neuroaxonal injury that has mainly been studied in adult neurodegenerative disease. Its involvement in neonatal disease remains largely unknown. Our aim was to establish NfL plasma concentrations in preterm and term infants in the first week of life. Read More

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November 2018

Poor Sleep Quality Associates With Decreased Functional and Structural Brain Connectivity in Normative Aging: A MRI Multimodal Approach.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 20;10:375. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Sleep is a ubiquitous phenomenon, essential to the organism homeostasis. Notwithstanding, there has been an increasing concern with its disruption, not only within the context of pathological conditions, such as neurologic and psychiatric diseases, but also in health. In fact, sleep complaints are becoming particularly common, especially in middle-aged and older adults, which may suggest an underlying susceptibility to sleep quality loss and/or its consequences. Read More

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November 2018

Effectiveness and Safety of Polydioxanone Thread-Embedding Acupuncture as an Adjunctive Therapy for Patients with Chronic Nonspecific Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Altern Complement Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

5 Department of Neuropsychiatry, Dunsan Korean Medicine Hospital, Daejeon University , Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of treatment with thread-embedding acupuncture (TEA) using polydioxanone in addition to usual care for patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain (CNP) compared with treatment with usual care alone.

Methods: A single-center, assessor-blinded, two-armed randomized controlled trial was performed. One hundred and six outpatients with CNP were randomly allocated into the TEA plus usual care (TU) group or the usual care (UC) group in a 1:1 ratio. Read More

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December 2018

A First-in-Human Evaluation of a Novel Mesh-Covered Stent for Treatment of Carotid Stenosis in Patients at High Risk for Endarterectomy: 30-Day Results of the SCAFFOLD Trial.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Dec;11(23):2396-2404

Lankenau Heart Institute, Main Line Health, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania.

Objectives: The primary purpose of this study was the composite of major adverse events through 30 days post-index procedure or ipsilateral stroke from 30 days to 1 year (365 days). Presented here is the composite of death, stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI) through 30 days.

Background: Rates of minor stroke have been higher with carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared with carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Read More

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December 2018

Time Trends in Outcomes After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Over the Past 30 Years.

Mayo Clin Proc 2018 Dec;93(12):1786-1793

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze trends in mortality rates, functional outcomes, and treatment in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) over the past 3 decades.

Patients And Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive patients with aSAH treated at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, between January 1, 1985, and December 31, 2014.

Results: A total of 1173 patients identified were grouped by decade of treatment: 1985 to 1994, n=274; 1995 to 2004, n=461; and 2005 to 2014, n=438. Read More

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December 2018

Addressing the Needs of International Patients at End of Life in a Tertiary Care Medical Center.

Mayo Clin Proc 2018 Dec;93(12):1698-1699

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

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December 2018

Generalizing remotely supervised transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): feasibility and benefit in Parkinson's disease.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2018 Dec 7;15(1):114. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

New York University Langone Health, New York, USA.

Background: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that has been shown to improve common symptoms of neurological disorders like depressed mood, fatigue, motor deficits and cognitive dysfunction. tDCS requires daily treatment sessions in order to be effective. We developed a remotely supervised tDCS (RS-tDCS) protocol for participants with multiple sclerosis (MS) to increase accessibility of tDCS, reducing clinician, patient, and caregiver burden. Read More

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December 2018

Cefuroxime-induced anaphylaxis with prominent central nervous system manifestations: A case report.

J Int Med Res 2018 Dec 7:300060518814118. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 Department of Allergy, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Wangfujing, Beijing, China.

Cefuroxime is a second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic that causes immediate hypersensitivity reactions, ranging from mild urticaria to severe anaphylactic shock. Anaphylactic reactions typically involve multiple systems, most notably, the skin and the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Here, we report the unusual case of a patient who presented with oral cefuroxime-induced anaphylaxis with prominent neurologic manifestations. Read More

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December 2018

Tonsillar herniation as a complication of lumboperitoneal shunt: case report and literature review.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Department of Neurosurgery, An Nan Hospital , China Medical University , Tainan , Taiwan.

Tonsillar herniation is a rare and seldom reported complication after lumboperitoneal (LP) shunting. There have been only few reports that have presented possible options for treatment with varying degrees of success. In this report, we describe a rare case of tonsillar herniation after LP shunting and review related literature. Read More

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December 2018

Obese Patients Benefit, but do not Fare as Well as Nonobese Patients, Following Lumbar Spondylolisthesis Surgery: An Analysis of the Quality Outcomes Database.

Neurosurgery 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California.

Background: Given recent differing findings following 2 randomized clinical trials on degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) surgery, there is a need to better define how subsets of patients fare following surgery.

Objective: To investigate the impact of obesity on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following DLS surgery.

Methods: A total of 12 high-enrolling sites were queried, and we found 797 patients undergoing surgery for grade 1 DLS. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Occlusion Outside the Norm: A Unique Case of the Pulseless, Well-Perfused Hand Following Closed Humeral Shaft Fracture.

Orthopedics 2018 Dec 11:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Transient arterial injury is a common complication encountered in the management of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures, often presenting as a pulseless hand that appears well perfused, also known as the "pink, pulseless hand." Arterial injuries in pediatric humeral shaft fractures, on the other hand, are exceedingly rare, especially in closed fractures. The authors report a rare case of a humeral shaft fracture presenting as a pink, pulseless hand. Read More

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December 2018

The Plasminogen Activation System Promotes Neurorepair in the Ischemic Brain.

Authors:
Manuel Yepes

Curr Drug Targets 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Neuropharmacology and Neurologic Diseases, Yerkes National Primate Research Center; Atlanta, GA. United States.

The plasminogen activation (PA) system was originally thought to exclusively promote the degradation of fibrin by catalyzing the conversion of plasminogen into plasmin via two serine proteinases: tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). However, experimental evidence accumulated over the last 30 years indicates that tPA and uPA are also found in the central nervous system (CNS), where they have a plethora of functions that not always require plasmin generation or fibrin degradation. For example, plasminogen-dependent and -independent effects of tPA and uPA play a central role in the pathophysiological events that underlie one of the leading causes of mortality and disability in the world: cerebral ischemia. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cultivating inclusivity in precision medicine research: disability, diversity, and cultural competence.

Authors:
Maya Sabatello

J Community Genet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Center for Research on Ethical, Legal & Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic & Behavioral Genetics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Cultural competence is increasingly viewed as key for the inclusion of diverse populations in precision medicine research (PMR) in the USA. Precision medicine researchers and personnel are thus increasingly expected to undergo cultural competency trainings and to engage with relevant racial/ethnic communities to ensure that all research components are culturally and linguistically sensitive to these communities. However, the need for PMR enterprises to ensure competence with and understanding of disability rights, history, and needs (hereinafter disability culture competency) have not received attention. Read More

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December 2018

A summer wave of vertebral fractures: the "deck-slap" injury.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Military Hospital, BP 600, 83800, Toulon Cedex 09, France.

Background: Every summer, several patients who suffer from vertebral fractures are hospitalized at the Sainte-Anne Military Hospital after going on a boat trip around the French Riviera. The uniqueness of these fractures lies in their mechanism of injury, called the "deck-slap" injury. The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of the "deck-slap" injury. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Clinical Characteristics of Spinal Epidural Lipomatosis in the Lumbar Spine.

Anesth Pain Med 2018 Oct 20;8(5):e83069. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Jeju National School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.

Background: Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare disease, defined as diffuse hypertrophy of unencapsulated adipose tissue causing spinal canal compression and progressive neurologic deficits. However, there are few studies on SEL in Korea.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence and clinical characteristics of SEL in Korea. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Molecular detection and characterisation of avian paramyxovirus type 1 in backyard chickens and pigeons in Alzintan city of Libya.

Open Vet J 2018 28;8(4):401-405. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell'Universita, 10, Legnaro, Padova 35020, Italy.

Avian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1) is the causative agent of Newcastle Disease which affects many species of birds leading to high mortality and heavy economic losses among poultry industry worldwide. Newcastle disease is endemic in Libya with frequent outbreaks occurring in commercial and backyard poultry. APMV-1 was isolated and characterised during the outbreak in 2013. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Potential prognostic markers for survival and neurologic death in patients with breast cancer brain metastases who receive upfront SRS alone.

J Radiosurg SBRT 2018 ;5(4):277-283

Department of Radiation Oncology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.

Purpose/objectives: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is used as a treatment option for breast cancer brain metastases. It is unclear what factors predict neurologic death for these patients.

Materials/methods: A total of 128 patients with breast cancer brain metastases were treated with upfront SRS alone in this study. Read More

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January 2018

Novel gene mutation in a patient with Menkes disease.

Appl Clin Genet 2018 22;11:151-155. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Health Sciences Faculty, Universidad Icesi, Cali, Colombia,

Background: Menkes disease is a congenital neurodegenerative disorder caused by gene mutations. Clinical features include epilepsy, growth delay, reduced muscle strength, skin laxity, abnormal hair, and urologic abnormalities.

Case Presentation: We describe an infant with developmental delay, neurologic degeneration, and kinky hair. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Case report of neurotoxicity with blinatumomab and concurrent intrathecal chemotherapy in second relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with central nervous system disease.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2018 Dec 11:1078155218817817. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, USA.

A 26-year-old male with a history of pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and seizures presented with second relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and central nervous system involvement, 19 years after the initial diagnosis. Over the next two months, the patient received six doses of triple intrathecal chemotherapy (cytarabine, methotrexate, and hydrocortisone), three concurrently with continuous blinatumomab in the second month. Approximately 12 days after blinatumomab initiation, he developed central nervous system toxicity manifesting as speech impairment, altered mental status, incontinence, and diffuse weakness. Read More

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December 2018

Postoperative antiplatelet therapy in the treatment of complex basilar apex aneurysms implementing Hunterian ligation and extracranial-to-intracranial bypass: review of the literature with an illustrative case report.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Neurorestoration Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Large, broad-based basilar artery (BA) apex aneurysms involving multiple arterial origins are complex lesions commonly not amenable to direct clipping or endovascular management. BA proximal (Hunterian) occlusion with extracranial-to-intracranial bypass is a supported strategy if one or both posterior communicating arteries are small. Hunterian ligation risks sudden aneurysm thrombosis and thromboembolism in the perforator rich BA apex. Read More

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December 2018

Utility of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients receiving surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy for primary treatment of esthesioneuroblastoma.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: Past research established that surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy (S + AR) improves overall survival (OS) in esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB). However, it is unknown if the addition of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) further improves survival. The primary objective of this study was to compare survival among patients treated with S + AR alone to patients who underwent S + AR + AC. Read More

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December 2018
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Neurologic recovery after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in rats: A description of a long-term survival model without blood priming.

Artif Organs 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, State key laboratory of Cardiovascular Medicine, Fuwai Hospital, National center for Cardiovascular disease, Chinese Academy of Medical science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Brain injury associated with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) has been recognized in patients with congenital heart diseases and those undergoing aortic arch surgeries. However, the preclinical investigation of long-term cerebral injury and recovery mechanisms related to DHCA has been restricted to a satisfactory recovery animal model with a determined recovery time. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a long-term surviving DHCA model without blood priming in rats, in order to investigate the pathophysiology of long-term complications in further studies. Read More

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December 2018
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