Imaging spectrum of central nervous system complications of hematopoietic stem cell and solid organ transplantation.
Neuroradiology 2017 Feb 2;59(2):105-126. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
Section of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, Sognsvannsveien 20, 0372, Oslo, Norway.
Neurologic complications are common after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and solid organ transplantation (SOT) and affect 30-60% of transplant recipients. The aim of this article is to provide a practical imaging approach based on the timeline and etiology of CNS abnormalities, and neurologic complications related to transplantation of specific organs. The lesions will be classified based upon the interval from HSCT procedure: pre-engraftment period <30 days, early post-engraftment period 30-100 days, late post-engraftment period >100 days, and the interval from SOT procedure: postoperative phase 1-4 weeks, early posttransplant syndromes 1-6 months, late posttransplant syndromes >6 months. Read More