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    Posterior Fossa Craniotomy for Adherent Fourth Ventricle Neurocysticercosis.
    Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Jun 14. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Background And Importance: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infectious helminthic disease often presenting in patients who have immigration or travel history from areas where NCC is endemic. Fourth ventricle cysts from NCC pose a unique treatment challenge, as there is little consensus on the best treatment. This case study describes the treatment of a patient with fourth ventricle neurocysticercosis (FVNCC), examines the therapeutic decision-making, and provides a video of a posterior fossa craniotomy (PFC) resection of a degenerative cyst. Read More

    Epidemiology of central nervous system infectious diseases: a meta-analysis and systematic review with implications for neurosurgeons worldwide.
    J Neurosurg 2018 Jun 15:1-20. Epub 2018 Jun 15.
    Global Neurosurgery Initiative, Program in Global Surgery and Social Change, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; and.
    OBJECTIVE Central nervous system (CNS) infections cause significant morbidity and mortality and often require neurosurgical intervention for proper diagnosis and treatment. However, neither the international burden of CNS infection, nor the current capacity of the neurosurgical workforce to treat these diseases is well characterized. The objective of this study was to elucidate the global incidence of surgically relevant CNS infection, highlighting geographic areas for targeted improvement in neurosurgical capacity. Read More

    Histopathologic aspects of experimental cysticercosis and in situ cytokines profile in C57BL/6 mice.
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2018 May;76(5):339-345
    Universidade Federal de Goiás, Instituto de Saúde Pública, Patologia Tropical, Goiânia GO, Brasil.
    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is one of the parasitic infections that most affects the central nervous system. The knowledge regarding its immunopathogenesis and pathophysiology needs broadening. Taenia crassiceps cysticerci are used as the NCC experimental model. Read More

    Carotid Oncosphere Infection: A Novel Porcine Neurocysticercosis Model.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
    Microbiology of the School of Science, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
    Neurocysticercosis (NCC), the infection of the human central nervous system (CNS) with larval cysts of causes widespread neurological morbidity. Animal models are crucial for studying the pathophysiology and treatment of NCC. Some drawbacks of current NCC models include differences in the pathogenesis of the model and wild-type parasite, low rates of infection efficiency and lack of reproducibility. Read More

    Arterial spin labeling perfusion: Prospective MR imaging in differentiating neoplastic from non-neoplastic intra-axial brain lesions.
    Neuroradiol J 2018 Jan 1:1971400918783058. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    5 Department of Neurosurgery, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Purpose The purpose of this article is to assess the diagnostic performance of arterial spin-labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance perfusion imaging to differentiate neoplastic from non-neoplastic brain lesions. Material and methods This prospective study included 60 consecutive, newly diagnosed, untreated patients with intra-axial lesions with perilesional edema (PE) who underwent clinical magnetic resonance imaging including ASL sequences at 3T. Region of interest analysis was performed to obtain mean cerebral blood flow (CBF) values from lesion (L), PE and normal contralateral white matter (CWM). Read More

    Laboratory diagnosis of neurocysticercosis/.
    J Clin Microbiol 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
    Neurocysticercosis accounts for approximately 30% of all epilepsy cases in most developing countries. Immunodiagnosis of cysticercosis is complex and strongly influenced by the course of infection, the disease burden and cyst location, and the immune response of the host. The main approach to immunodiagnosis should thus be to evaluate whether the serological results are consistent with the diagnosis suggested by imaging. Read More

    Pre-hospitalization, hospitalization, and post-hospitalization costs of patients with neurocysticercosis treated at the Instituto Nacional de Neurologia y Neurocirugia (INNN) in Mexico City, Mexico.
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2018 28;60:e20. Epub 2018 May 28.
    Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, College Station, Texas, United States.
    The objective of this study was to estimate the direct costs associated with the diagnosis and treatment of neurocysticercosis (NCC) during pre-hospitalization, hospitalization, and post-hospitalization periods for 108 NCC patients treated at the Instituto Nacional de Neurologia y Neurocirugia (INNN) in Mexico City, Mexico. Information on clinical manifestations, diagnostic tests, hospitalizations, surgical procedures, prescription medication, and other treatments was collected via medical chart reviews. Uncertain values for costs and frequency of treatments were imputed using bootstrap techniques. Read More

    ELISA based on a recombinant Paragonimus heterotremus protein for serodiagnosis of human paragonimiasis in Thailand.
    Parasit Vectors 2018 May 30;11(1):322. Epub 2018 May 30.
    Department of Helminthology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.
    Background: Paragonimus heterotremus is the main causative agent of paragonimiasis in Thailand. In Western blot diagnostic assays for paragonimiasis, the 35 kDa band present in crude P. heterotremus somatic extracts represents one of the known diagnostic bands. Read More

    The Many Faces of Neurocysticercosis.
    J Neurol Sci 2018 Jul 12;390:75-76. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:
    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic disease of the central nervous system, and one of the most common causes of epilepsy worldwide. The radiologic appearance of neurocysticercosis varies depending on the stage of the disease, and the stage of the disease determines the appropriate treatment. In this article, we review key neuroimaging characteristics of the stages of NCC (vesicular, colloidal, granular, and calcified) and treatment principles for these different stages of the disease. Read More

    Role of Immuno-Polymerase Chain Reaction (I-PCR) in Resolving Diagnostic Dilemma Between Tuberculoma and Neurocysticercosis: A Case Report.
    Am J Case Rep 2018 May 24;19:599-603. Epub 2018 May 24.
    Centre for Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University (MDU), Rohtak, Haryana, India.
    BACKGROUND Tuberculoma and neurocysticercosis (NCC) often show similar clinical and neuroimaging features. Differential diagnosis of these 2 diseases is imperative, as tuberculoma is an active infection that requires immediate anti-tubercular therapy (ATT). CASE REPORT We present the case of a 17-year-old Indian girl with fever, severe headache, and right 6th cranial nerve palsy. Read More

    Inflammation is a key risk factor for persistent seizures in neurocysticercosis.
    Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2018 May 10;5(5):630-639. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
    Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago Illinois.
    Objective: We conducted a retrospective, case-control study of neurocysticercosis patients to ascertain early markers that identify subjects likely to develop treatment-resistant seizures.

    Methods: Clinical histories and imaging studies from 38 neurocysticercosis patients who had been followed for 18 months after treatment were evaluated. Both pairwise and multifactorial analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with continued seizures. Read More

    Prevalence and risk factors for Taenia solium cysticercosis in school-aged children: A school based study in western Sichuan, People's Republic of China.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 05 8;12(5):e0006465. Epub 2018 May 8.
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States of America.
    Background: Taenia solium cysticercosis affects millions of impoverished people worldwide and can cause neurocysticercosis, an infection of the central nervous system which is potentially fatal. Children may represent an especially vulnerable population to neurocysticercosis, due to the risk of cognitive impairment during formative school years. While previous epidemiologic studies have suggested high prevalence in rural China, the prevalence in children as well as risk factors and impact of disease in low-resource areas remain poorly characterized. Read More

    Repeated Peritoneal Catheter Blockage Caused by Neurocysticercosis Following Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement for Hydrocephalus.
    J Neurosci Rural Pract 2018 Apr-Jun;9(2):268-271
    Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou, China.
    Cerebral cysticercosis is common, but the possibility for repeated occurrence of peritoneal catheter blockage caused by neurocysticercosis (NCC) after two revisions following ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus is unusual. Herein, we describe one rare case in which peritoneal catheter revision was performed two times unsuccessfully. Endoscopic cysternostomy rather than peritoneal catheter adjustment was performed successfully, and histopathological examination of excised cystic samples confirmed NCC in our hospital. Read More

    Chronic Meningitis Investigated via Metagenomic Next-Generation Sequencing.
    JAMA Neurol 2018 Apr 16. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, UCSF, San Francisco.
    Importance: Identifying infectious causes of subacute or chronic meningitis can be challenging. Enhanced, unbiased diagnostic approaches are needed.

    Objective: To present a case series of patients with diagnostically challenging subacute or chronic meningitis using metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) supported by a statistical framework generated from mNGS of control samples from the environment and from patients who were noninfectious. Read More

    Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis: Experience and Long-Term Outcome from a Tertiary Referral Center in the United States.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Jun 19;98(6):1755-1762. Epub 2018 Apr 19.
    Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.
    Ventricular involvement in neurocysticercosis (NCC), a common serious manifestation of NCC, has distinct clinical presentations, complications, and treatments primarily because of partial or complete obstruction of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow by cysts. We review the clinical course, treatments, and long-term outcomes in 23 of 121 (19.0%) total NCC patients with ventricular cysts referred to the National Institutes of Health from 1985 to the October 2017. Read More

    Long-term Cognitive Outcome of Children With Parenchymal Neurocysticercosis: A Prospective Observation Study.
    J Child Neurol 2018 Jun 24;33(7):468-473. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
    2 Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
    To study the cognitive profile and scholastic performance of children with parenchymal neurocysticercosis. A total of 500 children with a diagnosis of neurocysticercosis and epilepsy registered in our pediatric neurocysticercosis clinic between January 1996 and December 2002 were enrolled. Patients were evaluated for their scholastic performance using their school grades. Read More

    No association of IL2, IL4, IL6, TNF, and IFNG gene polymorphisms was found with Taenia solium human infection or neurocysticercosis severity in a family-based study.
    Hum Immunol 2018 Jul 21;79(7):578-582. Epub 2018 Apr 21.
    Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México 04510, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Neurocysticercosis (NC) is caused by the establishment of the metacestode stage of Taenia solium in the human central nervous system. A great heterogeneity in the susceptibility to the infection and to the disease has been reported. While the factors involved in this heterogeneity are not completely understood, clearly different immune-inflammatory profiles have been associated to each condition. Read More

    Neurocysticercosis in Japan.
    Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):518-521
    Department of Neurosurgery, Nagano Municipal Hospital, Japan.
    Neurocysticercosis is a condition rarely reported in Japan, and therefore, the specific route of infestation in our set up has not been conclusively elucidated. Preoperative diagnosis remains difficult to make with certainty due to the slowly evolving nature of the disease and the fact that there are no typical characteristic clinical findings particularly associated with the disease. The hematological, serological, serum biochemistry, stool, and radiological tests were nonspecific for neurocysticercosis. Read More

    Barriers to Participation in a Community-Based Program to Control Transmission of in Peru.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Jun 12;98(6):1748-1754. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Center for Global Health Tumbes, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
    Infection of the brain with larvae (neurocysticercosis) is a leading cause of preventable epilepsy worldwide. Effective and sustainable strategies to control parasite transmission in rural endemic communities are needed to prevent the disease. Surveillance and targeted intervention around infected pigs (ring control strategy) have been shown to be effective when carried out by research teams. Read More

    Cystic brain metastases in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer.
    Ecancermedicalscience 2018 14;12:818. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 01246-000, Brazil.
    The central nervous system (CNS) is a common site of disease progression in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearrangement treated with crizotinib. Cystic brain metastases (CBM) have been recently identified as one possible variant of this disease. An illustrative case report is presented along with a literature review performed in order to track relevant papers about CBM in ALK-rearranged NSCLC, including possible pathophysiology, differential diagnosis and treatment options for this condition. Read More

    Autologous Bone Flap Resorption Years After Subtemporal Craniotomy.
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2018 Jun;39(2):179-183
    In Spring of 2012, the partially undressed and skeletonized remains of a homeless adult Hispanic male was found in a fairly open wooded area in Nebraska. The remains showed evidence of extensive pathologies, which included healed traumas and surgeries. Examination of the decedent's medical records revealed that he had a history of kidney and liver problems, alcohol abuse, several traumas including a major head injury that necessitated a craniotomy, and radiological features of neurocysticercosis. Read More

    EEG Patterns in Patients With Calcified Neurocysticercosis With or Without Hippocampal Atrophy.
    J Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Apr 10. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
    School of Medicine, Universidad Espíritu Santo-Ecuador, Guayaquil, Ecuador.
    Purpose: To assess whether hippocampal atrophy develops in conjunction with clinical or subclinical epileptiform or encephalopathic activity in subjects with neurocysticercosis (NCC).

    Methods: Using a population-based and nested case-control study design, scalp EEGs and brain MRIs were performed in Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years, who have imaging-confirmed NCC (case patients), as well as in age- and sex-matched NCC-free control subjects.

    Results: Sixty-two case patients and 62 control subjects were included. Read More

    Atypical presentation of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: Two cases.
    J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018 Jan-Mar;34(1):120-122
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Smt. SSK Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiological entity, first described in 1996. It is commonly associated with systemic hypertension, intake of immunosuppressant drugs, sepsis and eclampsia and preeclampsia. Headache, alteration in consciousness, visual disturbances and seizures are common manifestations of PRES. Read More

    Albendazole and Praziquantel: Review and Safety Monitoring in Korea.
    Infect Chemother 2018 Mar;50(1):1-10
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Albendazole (ADZ) and praziquantel (PZQT) have been used as anthelmintics for over 30 years. Worldwide, hundreds of millions tablets are administered to people and livestock every year. ADZ is poorly orally absorbed (<5%), and its uptake is enhanced by high-fat meals, while PZQT is well absorbed (>75%) and uptake is enhanced by carbohydrate-rich meals. Read More

    The primary prevention of epilepsy: A report of the Prevention Task Force of the International League Against Epilepsy.
    Epilepsia 2018 May 10;59(5):905-914. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
    Kenya Medical Research Institute-Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Kilifi, Kenya.
    Among the causes of epilepsy are several that are currently preventable. In this review, we summarize the public health burden of epilepsy arising from such causes and suggest priorities for primary epilepsy prevention. We conducted a systematic review of published epidemiologic studies of epilepsy of 4 preventable etiologic categories-perinatal insults, traumatic brain injury (TBI), central nervous system (CNS) infection, and stroke. Read More

    Neurocysticercosis in Pregnancy.
    AJP Rep 2018 Apr 9;8(2):e51-e56. Epub 2018 Apr 9.
    Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.
    The normal physiologic changes during pregnancy contribute to nutritional, metabolic, and immunologic adjustments, which can have an impact on the presentation of several diseases. New onset seizures during pregnancy and the postpartum can be attributed to several etiologies. Patient demographic data as well as personal and social histories are key in determining the etiology of new onset seizures. Read More

    The effect of albendazole treatment on non-seizure outcomes in patients with symptomatic neurocysticercosis.
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Feb;112(2):73-80
    Epidemiology & Biostatistics Program, School of Urban Public Health at Hunter College, City University of New York, 2180 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10035, USA.
    Background: There is little information about the impact of anthelminthic treatment on clinical symptoms other than seizures in neurocysticercosis (NC). We investigated the effect of albendazole on non-seizure symptoms experienced by patients with NC.

    Methods: Data are from a randomized controlled trial comparing albendazole plus prednisone with placebo plus prednisone for treatment of NC among 173 patients with active or transitional NC cysts and new-onset symptoms. Read More

    Did Antonio Vallisneri (1661-1730) really describe frontal sinus osteoma? Unexpected insights for paleo-neuroparasitology.
    Neurol Sci 2018 Mar 22. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Unit of Medical Humanities, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua Medical School, via A. Gabelli 61, 35121, Padua, Italy.
    It has been believed for a long time that the Paduan scholar Antonio Vallisneri (1661-1730) described the second historical case of the frontal sinus osteoma in 1733. By historico-medically reexamining this case, we conclude that the brain concretions he described were not a case of frontal sinus osteoma, while they appear to have been pathological outcomes of neurocysticercosis, whose larval stages would only be described by Johann Goeze (1731-1793) later, in 1784. Thus, this case becomes relevant for the history of neuroparasitology. Read More

    Chiari Malformation and Hydrocephalus Masking Neurocysticercosis.
    World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 12;114:68-71. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Boulder Neurosurgical Associates, Boulder, Colorado, USA; Justin Parker Neurological Institute, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
    Background: Various diagnostic characteristics associated with neurocysticercosis have been well studied; however, their potential to be implicated in other differential diagnoses has not been well demonstrated.

    Case Description: We report the case of a 55-year-old Hispanic man who underwent a Chiari decompression surgery, which was complicated with hydrocephalus. Despite a ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement, he continued to have headaches and was soon found to have several skull base subarachnoid lesions, which were later diagnosed as the sequelae of an active neurocysticercosis infection. Read More

    Assessment of the societal cost of Taenia solium in Angónia district, Mozambique.
    BMC Infect Dis 2018 03 13;18(1):127. Epub 2018 Mar 13.
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Background: The zoonotic parasite Taenia solium is endemic in Angónia district, Tete province, Mozambique, though the burden of the disease complex is unknown.

    Methods: As part of two cross-sectional studies on human and porcine cysticercosis in the area, unique epidemiological and cost data were collected in Angónia district, Mozambique in 2007. These data provided the basis for the assessment of the societal cost of T. Read More

    Recurrent encephalopathy in milliary neurocysticercosis: An uncommon manifestation of a common infection.
    J Infect Public Health 2018 Mar 9. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
    Pediatric Neurology and Neurodevelopment Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India. Electronic address:
    Neurocysticercosis is a common parasitic infection in children in developing countries and neurological symptoms such as seizures are the most common manifestations. However, symptoms of encephalopathy are an unusual presentation in children. A 4-year-old boy presented with recurrent episodes of febrile encephalopathy. Read More

    Neurocysticercosis: the good, the bad, and the missing.
    Expert Rev Neurother 2018 Apr 14;18(4):289-301. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    f Departamento de Medicina , Universidade de Taubaté , São Paulo , Brazil.
    Introduction: Neurocysticercosis (NC) is a neglected disease that contributes substantially to neurological morbidity/mortality in lower-income countries and increasingly among high-income countries due to migration. Many advances have been made in understanding NC, but unanswered questions remain Areas covered: This review discusses the epidemiology, pathophysiology, immunology, diagnosis, treatment, and eradication of NC. Expert commentary: The global NC prevalence remains unknown and needs proper ascertainment. Read More

    Next generation sequencing based pathogen analysis in a patient with neurocysticercosis: a case report.
    BMC Infect Dis 2018 03 6;18(1):113. Epub 2018 Mar 6.
    Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310003, China.
    Background: Accurate and early diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) remains a challenge due to the heterogeneity of its clinical, immunological and imaging characteristics. The presence of cysticercus DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of NCC patients has been previously detected via conventional PCR assays. To the best of our knowledge, the use of CSF Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) based pathogen analysis in patients with NCC infection has never been reported. Read More

    Isolated Intramedullary Spinal Cysticercosis: A Case Report with Review of Literature of a Rare Presentation.
    Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jan-Mar;13(1):154-156
    Department of Neurosurgery and Microbiology, J.N Medical College and KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, KLE University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India.
    A number of parasitic infections can involve the central nervous system of which neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common one in developing countries. Most often the brain is involved, spine and spinal cord involvement is very rare and intramedullary involvement is rarer still. Here, we report a 30-year-old male patient, with intramedullary NCC of dorsal spinal cord. Read More

    HDP2: a ribosomal DNA (NTS-ETS) sequence as a target for species-specific molecular diagnosis of intestinal taeniasis in humans.
    Parasit Vectors 2018 02 27;11(1):117. Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    Parasitology Department, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Crtra, Majadahonda-Pozuelo, km 2.2, 28220, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.
    Background: Taenia solium, T. asiatica and T. saginata tapeworms cause human taeniasis and are the origin of porcine and bovine cysticercosis. Read More

    [Evaluation of ELISA kit for detection of serum specific IgG antibodies against in diagnosis of human cysticercosis].
    Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2017 Mar;29(2):228-230
    Sichuan Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Chengdu 610041, China.
    Objective: To evaluate the ELISA kit for detection of IgG antibodies against cysticercus in humans, so as to provide a reference for its application in clinical practice.

    Methods: The sera collected from the patients with neurocysticercosis, echinococcosis, taeniasis and healthy people, respectively, were checked by ELISA for specific IgG antibodies against cysticercus, as described in the instruction of the kit.

    Results: Of the 30 patients with neurocysticercosis at active stage, 28 showed seropositive reaction, indicating a sensitivity of 93. Read More

    Endoscopic Management of Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis.
    Turk Neurosurg 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Neurosurgery, Lucknow, India.
    Objective Restoration of CSF flow and removal of Intraventricular Cystecercal Cyst is the main goal in treatment Hydrocephalus due Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technique and outcome of Endoscopic management of Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis. Methods We retrospectively analysed the records of 30 consecutive patients of Intraventricular Intra third and fourth ventricle Neurocysticercosiswho underwent endoscopic management. Read More

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