1,818 results match your criteria NeuroRehabilitation [Journal]


Frontal dynamic activity as a predictor of cognitive dysfunction after pontine ischemia.

Authors:
Shigeru Obayashi

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):251-261

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Dokkyo Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Japan.

BACKGROUNDThere is a tendency to pay little attention to cognitive dysfunction after a subcortical stroke, resulting in this condition being overlooked. Damage to the brainstem may affect cognition, probably originating from the fronto-cerebellar circuit, but details remain obscure.OBJECTIVETo investigate the effect of damage to pons on frontal function via the fronto-cerebellar circuit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182566DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of a dual-task program with different cognitive tasks applied to stroke patients: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):239-249

Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medical Science, Soonchunhyang University, Asan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, Republic of Korea.

Background: Dual-task training using one walking and one cognitive task is effective in improving post-stroke motor functions.

Objective: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of dual-task training using various cognitive tasks for the assessment of attention, executive function, and motor function in stroke patients.

Methods: This was a single-center, randomized trial involving 30 stroke patients who were divided into a dual-task (test) group (n = 15) using different cognitive tests, and a conventional occupational therapy (control) group (n = 15). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182563DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Translation and validation of the stroke specific quality of life scale into Arabic.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):283-293

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, KSA.

Background: There is a need to validate one of the specific stroke quality of life (QOL) scales into Arabic.

Objective: To translate and validate the stroke specific quality of life (SSQOL) into Arabic.

Methods: The SSQOL was translated into Arabic (SSQOL-A) according to a forward/backward translation protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182552DOI Listing
January 2019

Development of a robotic upper limb assessment to configure a serious game.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):263-274

Université catholique de Louvain, Secteur des Sciences de la Santé, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique, Neuro Musculo Skeletal Lab (NMSK), Brussels, Belgium.

BACKGROUNDROBiGAME project aims to implement serious games on robots to rehabilitate upper limb (UL) in stroke patients. The serious game characteristics (target position, level of assistance/resistance, level of force) are adapted based on the patient's assessment before and continuously during the game (measuring UL working area, kinematics and muscle strength).OBJECTIVETo develop an UL robotic motor assessment protocol to configure the serious game. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182525DOI Listing
January 2019

Variation in assistive technology use in Motor Neuron Disease according to clinical phenotypes and ALS Functional Rating Scale - Revised Score: A prospective observational study.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):303-313

Physiotherapy Department, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Assistive devices enhance independence and quality of life for people living with motor neuron disease (MND), but prescription can be challenging.

Objective: Improved prescription of assistive devices, through improved understanding of the relationship between clinical phenotypes, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale - Revised (ALSFRS-R) functional domain sub-scores and assistive technology required by people living with MND.

Methods: Prospective, observational consecutive-sample study of 269 patients with MND diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182511DOI Listing
January 2019

Effectiveness of occupation-based interventions on performance's quality for hemiparetic stroke in community-dwelling: A randomized clinical trial study.

Authors:
Si-Nae Ahn

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):275-282

Department of Occupational Therapy, Cheongju University, 298, Daeseong-go, Sangdang-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do 360-764, Republic of Korea. Tel.: +82 10 9118 7673; Fax: +82 31 880 5393; E-mail:

Background: Occupations define activities that people perform to occupy themselves and that people have meaning and value to them. The use of occupation-based intervention addresses activity daily of living performance.

Objectives: This study was to investigate the effects of occupation-based interventions on performance's quality for hemiparetic stroke in community-dwelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182429DOI Listing
January 2019

Can acupuncture help adults suffering from neuropathic pain? - A Cochrane review summary with commentary.

Authors:
Livia Puljak

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):315-317

Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and Health Care, Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-189004DOI Listing
January 2019

Multiple relationships between Tardieu, Kinematic data, and Wolf Motor Function Test with children with cerebral palsy.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):191-197

Department of Physical Therapy, Sports Movement Artificial Robotics Technology (SMART) Institute, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Wonju, Republic of Korea.

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) model in order to provide a theoretical foundation of physical therapy diagnosis and intervention. However, the multidirectional relationships between the body structure/function domain variables (spasticity and movement kinematics) and the activity domain variables (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182610DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Scoping review of clinical rehabilitation research pertaining to traumatic brain injury: 1990-2016.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):207-215

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Introduction: Understanding the impact of disease on function and improving functional outcomes is an important goal of rehabilitation. This scoping review analyzes 25 years of published traumatic brain injury (TBI) clinical rehabilitation research (CRR) to determine the frequency with which function is a research goal.

Methods: The review protocol was prepared by experienced clinical researchers in the field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182599DOI Listing
January 2019

Putting the best foot forward: Relationships between indicators of step quality and cadence in three gait vulnerable populations.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):295-301

School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background: Aging and neurological conditions like Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Parkinson's disease (PD) make people vulnerable for gait impairments, limit function, and restrict sustained walking needed for health promotion. Walking to meet physical activity guidelines requires adequate cadence which is difficult to achieve for gait vulnerable populations.

Objective: The objective of this study is to estimate, for seniors and people with MS or PD, the extent to which cadence is associated with heel-to-toe stepping pattern (good steps), angular velocity of ankle at heel-strike and its variability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182595DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Upper extremity disability is associated with pain intensity and grip strength in women with bilateral idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):199-205

Department of Hand Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: The upper extremity disability in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is related to dysfunction due to the median nerve damage. However, there is no report on which dysfunctions affect the upper extremity disability.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate which clinical factors influence upper extremity disability in women with CTS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182589DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The efficacy of botulinum toxin A lower limb injections in addition to physiotherapy approaches in children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):175-189

Pamukkale University, School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Denizli, Turkey.

Background: To assess treatment effect of lower limb botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in combination with physiotherapy approaches on gross motor functions in children with cerebral palsy compared with only physiotherapy treatment.

Objective: The purpose of this review was to analyze the efficacy botulinum toxin a lower limb injections in addition to physiotherapy approaches in children with cerebral palsy.

Methods: A literature search was conducted in the following databases: Cochrane, PEDro, PubMed, MEDLINE, AMED and EMBASE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182581DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Examining various factors affecting communication skills in children with cerebral palsy.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):161-173

Pamukkale University School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Denizli, Turkey.

Background And Objective: Cerebral palsied children may have difficulties in acting as senders and/or receivers in the communication process. The aim of this study is examining that which maternal and child-related factors affect the communication skills of cerebral palsied children.

Methods: 188 cerebral palsy diagnosed children ages between 2-18 years were assessed by Communication Function Classification System for communication skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182580DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Soymilk ingestion immediately after therapeutic exercise enhances rehabilitation outcomes in chronic stroke patients: A randomized controlled trial.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):217-229

Department of Exercise and Health Science, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan.

Purpose: This study investigates the effects of an 8-weeks rehabilitation exercise plus soymilk ingestion immediately after exercise on functional outcomes in chronic stroke patients.

Methods: Twenty-two stroke patients (age: 57-84 yrs; time since stroke onset: 2-19 yrs) participated and completed the study. A randomized, placebo-controlled and double-blind design was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182574DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Temporal characteristics of laryngeal penetration and aspiration in stroke patients.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(2):231-238

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Despite the importance of understanding penetration-aspiration (PA) in patients with stroke, the pathophysiology of PA remains unclear.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the temporal characteristics of PA in post-stroke patients in terms of the timing of the PA event and hyolaryngeal incoordination.

Methods: Fifty-eight swallows (38 stroke patients), showing PA when swallowing a thin liquid, were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182569DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The sensitivity and specificity of the balance evaluation systems test-BESTest in determining risk of fall in stroke patients.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):67-77

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Background: Balance disorders cause disability in stroke and increase risk of falls. The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), examines balance, determines parameters causing balance disorders, provides information on risk factors for falls.

Objective: To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of the BESTest in determining the risk of falls in stroke patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182558DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Virtual reality during gait training: does it improve gait function in persons with central nervous system movement disorders? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):43-66

Rehabilitation Research - Neurological Rehabilitation, Department of Physiotherapy, Human Physiology and Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: During gait training in persons with central nervous system (CNS) movement disorders, virtual reality (VR) can offer added value by providing task-specific gait training in more interactive and motivating environments.

Objective: To summarize current evidence for the effectiveness of VR-enhanced gait training in persons with CNS movement disorders.

Methods: PubMed, Web of Science and CENTRAL were systematically searched for studies using VR during walking to improve gait outcomes (spatiotemporal, functional, kinematic and kinetic). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182551DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Treatment interventions for pusher syndrome: A case series.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):131-140

Department of Physical Therapy, Georgia State University, GA, USA.

Background: Pusher syndrome (PS) is a clinical disorder that causes decreased postural balance and active pushing away from the non-hemiparetic side in patients with right or left brain damage. Therapists are challenged by needing to manage both the hemiparetic and the pushing/non-hemiparetic sides. There is a minimal amount of evidence about effective treatment interventions for PS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182549DOI Listing

The association between temporal measures of swallowing with penetration and aspiration in patients with dysphagia: A meta-analysis.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):111-129

Swallowing Lab, University of Toronto, University Health Network, Canada.

Introduction: Temporal features of swallowing physiology vary with age in healthy normals and have the potential to impact swallow safety and efficiency in patients with dysphagia. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the relation between temporal features of swallowing with penetration, aspiration and residue in adult patients with dysphagia regardless of etiology.

Methods: Operational definitions of relevant terms were defined a priori. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182553DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

Effect of vestibular rehabilitation on recovery rate and functioning improvement in patients with chronic unilateral vestibular hypofunction and bilateral vestibular hypofunction.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):95-102

Department of Otolaryngology, County General and Veterans Hospital Vukovar, Vukovar, Croatia.

Background: The minimal number of studies have documented the impact of Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) on the recovery rate of patients with Chronic Unilateral Vestibular Hypofunction (CUVH) and Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction (BVH).

Objectives: The goal of the study was to show and compare the impact of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in patients with CUVH and BVH.

Methods: We analysed the data of 30 patients with CUVH and 20 with BVH treated with VR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182524DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A study into the feasibility of using HRV variables to guide treatment in patients with paroxystic sympathetic hyperactivity in a neurointensive step-down unit.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):141-155

Department of Intensive Care and Neurointensive Stepdown Unit, Elective Surgery Centre, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Denmark.

Background: Patients suffering brain injury may experience paroxystic sympathetic hyperactivity, presenting diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in neurointensive rehabilitation. The syndrome has been modelled as peripheral and central excitatory:inhibitory ratios of autonomous nervous activity. Another model represents the symptoms as oscillations of the two components of the autonomous nervous system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182557DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Neuroplastic and motor behavioral changes after intermanual transfer training of non-dominant hand: A prospective fMRI study.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):25-35

Sports Movement Institute & Technology (SMIT) Lab, Department of Physical Therapy, Yonsei University, Wonju, Republic of Korea.

Background: Intermanual transfer of learning is an important movement basis for a keyboard and instrument playing movement. However, the issue of where neural plastic mechanism occurs in the brain after intermanual transfer training remains both controversial and unresolved.

Objective: The aim of present study is to investigate the neuroplastic mechanism associated with the interlimb transfer learning from non-dominant hand to dominant hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182550DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

The influence of postural deformities on neck function and pain in patients with Parkinson's disease.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):79-84

Department of Systems Medicine, University of Roma "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.

Background: Trunk alignment is thought to contribute to neck function. However, this common assumption is not clear in patients with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) suffering from different postural deformities such as: Pisa syndrome (PS), Camptocormia & Antecollis (C&A).

Objectives: to investigate the effect of different postural deformities including PS and C&A on neck function and pain in patient (PwPD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182505DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

The effects of balance and gait function on quality of life of stroke patients.

Authors:
Jin Park Tae-Ho Kim

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):37-41

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea.

Background: Stroke patients have a lower quality of life than other people.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of balance and gait function of stroke patients on their quality of life.

Methods: Twenty-seven subjects participated in the experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182467DOI Listing

Which interventions are useful for managing muscle spasticity in individuals who sustained traumatic brain injury? - A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.

Authors:
Sara Laxe

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):157-159

Brain Injury Unit of Fundación Institut Guttmann, Institut Universitari de Neurorehabilitació adscrit a la UAB, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Spasticity is a frequent symptom after traumatic brain injury.

Objective: To assess the effects of different interventions used for muscle spasticity after TBI.

Methods: To summarize a rehabilitation perspective "Cochrane Review" conducted by Synnot et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-189003DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Correlation of falls in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis with objective measures of balance, strength, and spasticity.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):85-93

School of Physical Therapy, Texas Woman's University, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Persons diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) often demonstrate neurological deficits that predispose them to repeated falls and associated adverse consequences. Determining contributing factors to falls in this population is critical to improve safety and patient outcomes.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to correlate clinical measures of gait speed, balance, strength, spasticity, and a self-reported rating scale of function with fall incidence in individuals with ALS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398543PMC
April 2019
10 Reads

A stimulus for eating. The use of neuromuscular transcutaneous electrical stimulation in patients affected by severe dysphagia after subacute stroke: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):103-110

Clinical Laboratory of Experimental Neurorehabilitation, I.R.C.C.S. Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy.

Background: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a common problem in subacute stroke patients leading to aspiration pneumonia and malnutrition. Non-invasive neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) coupled with traditional therapy could be best treatment option for patients with post-stroke dysphagia, however results are still inconclusive and more studies are requested.

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of laryngopharyngeal neuromuscular electrical stimulation on dysphagia caused by stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182526DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Immediate effects of a single treadmill session with additional ankle loading on gait in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):9-17

Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.

Background: Children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy are often characterized by reduced speed progression, shorter step length, and increased support base. These kinematic alterations result in inefficient gait.

Objective: To assess the immediate effects of treadmill training with additional lower limb loading on kinematic gait parameters in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182516DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Magnetoencephalographic evaluation for the myoelectric hand prosthesis with tacit learning system.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):19-23

Department of Hand Surgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Background: The effect of tacit learning systems (TLSs) on brain plasticity are as of yet unknown. We developed a myoelectric hand prosthesis equipped with a TLS to auto-regulate forearm rotation in response to upper extremity movement patterns.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of tacit learning on the central nervous system during a prosthesis control exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182514DOI Listing

A follow-up study on the long-term effects of rehabilitation in children with autism spectrum disorders.

NeuroRehabilitation 2019 ;44(1):1-7

Department of Child Healthcare, Wuxi Children's Hospital, Wuxi, Jiangsu, P.R. China.

Background: Autism spectrum disorders are complex neurodevelopmental disorders. Early intervention training is a very important treatment strategy. Under the current background of rehabilitation supply in China, the long-term efficacy of intervention is unexplored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182502DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

The utility of clinical criteria in patients with chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):431-441

Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Repetitive traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by Alzheimer-like changes in the brain. CTE has been defined through neuropathological findings among deceased athletes and others exposed to repetitive TBI, but to date there are no definitive clinical criteria for CTE.

Objective: To evaluate the utility of currently proposed clinical criteria for CTE and suggest improvements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182452DOI Listing
February 2019
34 Reads

Dysphagia in cerebral hypoxia.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):387-393

Department of Neurology, Hochzirl Hospital, Zirl, Austria.

Introduction: Dysphagia is a frequent problem in various neurological disorders. However, knowledge on swallowing function in patients with cerebral hypoxia is sparse. The objective of this study is to report the development of swallowing function in a series of adolescent and young-adult patients with cerebral hypoxia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182437DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Cognitive rehabilitation, self-management, psychotherapeutic and caregiver support interventions in progressive neurodegenerative conditions: A scoping review.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):443-471

PenCLAHRC, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK.

Background: Despite its potentially significant impact, cognitive disability may be overlooked in a number of progressive neurodegenerative conditions, as other difficulties dominate the clinical picture.

Objective: We examined the extent, nature and range of the research evidence relating to cognitive rehabilitation, self-management, psychotherapeutic and caregiver support interventions in Parkinsonian disorders, multiple sclerosis (MS), frontotemporal dementias (FTD), motor neuron disease and Huntington's disease.

Methods: Scoping review based on searches of MEDLINE and CINAHL up to 15 March 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-172353DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

Immediate effect of kinesio taping on knee extensor torque of children with Cerebral Palsy: Three case reports.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):519-523

Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos-SP, Brazil.

Background: Kinesiotaping (KT) has been commonly used in clinical setting. However, beneficial KT effects have not been proved yet.

Objective: We aimed to verify the effects of KT in knee extensor torque in children with CP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-161921DOI Listing
February 2019
26 Reads

Energetic cost of walking and spasticity in persons with multiple sclerosis with moderate disability.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):483-489

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Background: The energetic cost of walking (Cw) is elevated in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). This may be explained by spasticity and spatiotemporal parameters of gait.

Objective: To examine the associations among Cw, spasticity of ankle plantarflexors, and spatiotemporal gait parameters in persons with MS who had moderate disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182498DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Treadmill exercise training could attenuate the upregulation of Interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the skeletal muscle of mouse model of chronic/progressive Parkinson disease.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):501-507

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Induction of Parkinson disease (PD) causes interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) upregulation in gastrocnemius skeletal muscles. Endurance exercise suppresses iNOS and HSP90 overexpression in PD skeletal muscle. The purpose of this study is to test the impact of treadmill exercise training on PD-associated IL-1β and TNF-α upregulation in the gastrocnemius muscle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182492DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

The development and pilot evaluation of virtual reality balance scenarios in people with multiple sclerosis (MS): A feasibility study.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):473-482

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Balance deficits are considered a risk factor for falls in MS patients. Therefore, developing innovative approaches such as virtual reality (VR) to improve balance in MS is required.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to develop and evaluate feasibility and acceptability of VR scenarios that target balance in MS using a pilot trial. Read More

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https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10971015_The_method
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182471DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Dose-response relationship of transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation in healthy humans: A proof of concept study.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):369-376

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Background: Non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation has been shown to modulate cortical excitability in various studies. Similarly, recent preliminary studies suggest that transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) may engender a modulation effect on spinal and cortical neurons.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dose-response effects of tsDCS in healthy subjects and thereby lay groundwork for expanding treatment options for patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182469DOI Listing
February 2019

Improving gait and lower-limb muscle strength in children with cerebral palsy following Selective Percutaneous Myofascial Lengthening and functional physiotherapy.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):361-368

Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: Selective Percutaneous Myofascial Lengthening (SPML) is an innovative minimally invasive surgical procedure, using micro incisions often combined with alcohol nerve block, for managing muscle contractures and stiffness in children with cerebral palsy (CP). There is lack of evidence of effects of a combined intervention of SPML and physiotherapy on gait function and muscle strength in CP.

Objective: This study investigated the change in gait function and muscle strength in children with CP who underwent gait laboratory assessment before and after SPML, combined with obturator nerve blocks, and 9-month post-surgical functional physiotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182468DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Cognitive functioning following traumatic brain injury: The first 5 years.

Authors:
Nigel V Marsh

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):377-386

Department of Psychology, Sunway University, No. 5 Jalan Universiti, Bandar Sunway, 47500 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Tel.: +60 3 7491 8622; Fax: +60 3 5635 8633; E-mail:

Objective: This study reports the results from a 5-year longitudinal investigation of the prevalence and severity of cognitive deficits following significant (i.e., ventilation required for > 24 hours) traumatic brain injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182457DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Relationship between the rate of force development in knee extensor muscles and gait speed in patients with chronic stroke: A cross-sectional study.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):425-430

Faculty of Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Fujita Health University, Aichi, Japan.

Background: The relationship between peak torque of the knee extensor muscles and gait speed was previously investigated in patients with chronic stroke, but whether the rate of force development (RFD), another indicator of muscle strength, affected gait speed remained unknown.

Objective: To clarify the relationships between the RFD of the knee extensor muscles over multiple time intervals and gait speed in patients with chronic stroke.

Methods: Twenty chronic stroke patients participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182455DOI Listing
February 2019

Do trunk exercises improve trunk and upper extremity performance, post stroke? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):395-412

University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Background: Post-stroke trunk control is reported to be associated with trunk performance and recovery of the upper limb, but the evidence for the influence of trunk exercise on both of these is unclear.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of trunk exercises on trunk performance post-stroke, and to determine if these exercises result in improved upper limb function.

Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature published between January 1990 and February 2017 was conducted using the following electronic databases; AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsychInfo and SPORTDiscus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182446DOI Listing
February 2019

Initial severity of somatosensory impairment influences response to upper limb sensory retraining post-stroke.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):413-423

Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health, College of Science, Health, and Engineering, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Somatosensory loss occurs often following stroke. A proportional recovery model is proposed for spontaneous motor recovery, with implication for treatment planning. It is currently unknown if initial severity of sensory impairment influences stroke survivors' response to treatment to improve sensation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182439DOI Listing
February 2019
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Assessing the sensitivity and specificity of cognitive screening measures for people with Parkinson's disease.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):491-500

School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, VIC, Australia.

Introduction: While cognitive impairment is a recognised feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), few studies have evaluated the validity of brief cognitive screening measures compared to a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. This studies aim was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Modified Mini-Mental State Examination and Dementia Rating Scale (DRS-2) to detect cognitive impairment in individuals with PD.

Method: Fifty-eight participants were administered the MMSE, 3MS, DRS-2 and a neuropsychological battery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182433DOI Listing
February 2019
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Feasibility and outcome of an individualized Tai Chi program for improving balance and strength in the elderly: A pilot study.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(4):509-518

Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Traditional Tai Chi is too complex for most elderly individuals. There have been few reports regarding the development of simplified Tai Chi programs to suit the physical needs of elderly adults. However, these programs were not individualized according to the participants' balance control abilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-162061DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Sleep and sleep disorders following traumatic brain injury: An introduction.

Authors:
David L Ripley

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(3):255-256

Brain Injury Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shirley Ryan Ability Lab, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-189001DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Objective measures of sleep and wakefulness in patients with moderate to severe brain injury on an inpatient rehabilitation unit. Pearls and pitfalls of actigraph monitoring.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(3):277-285

Craig Hospital, Englewood, CO, USA.

Background: As awareness of disrupted sleep in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) increases so does interest in finding objective measures of sleep. As a result, many clinicians are turning to actigraphs to monitor sleep in patients with altered consciousness. Actigraphs are accelerometers which have been used in sleep research for over four decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182537DOI Listing
January 2019
25 Reads

Sleep disorders in traumatic brain injury.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 ;43(3):257-266

Department of Neurology Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Sleep disorders play a significant role in the care of those with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

Objective: To provide a literature review on the interaction of sleep and circadian processes on those with TBI.

Methods: A literature review was conducted on PubMed using the following key words and their combination: "Sleep Apnea", "Traumatic Brain Injury", "Circadian", "Parasomnia", "Insomnia", "Hypersomnia", "Narcolepsy", and "Restless Legs". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-182583DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads