259 results match your criteria Nerve Block Mental


Aphasia rehabilitation based on mirror neuron theory: a randomized-block-design study of neuropsychology and functional magnetic resonance imaging.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Jun;14(6):1004-1012

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

When watching someone performs an action, mirror neurons are activated in a way that is very similar to the activation that occurs when actually performing that action. Previous single-sample case studies indicate that hand-action observation training may lead to activation and remodeling of mirror neuron systems, which include important language centers, and may improve language function in aphasia patients. In this randomized-block-design experiment, we recruited 24 aphasia patients from, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.250580DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

Influence of cognitive load on the dynamics of neurophysiological adjustments during fatiguing exercise.

Psychophysiology 2019 Feb 7:e13343. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

LAMHESS, Université de Toulon, Toulon, France.

We aimed to determine the neurophysiological mechanisms associated with reduced endurance performance during cognitive-motor dual task at different levels of cognitive load, compared to a motor task alone. Eighteen healthy men performed isometric quadriceps contractions at 15% of maximal voluntary contraction (blocks of 170 s interspaced by neuromuscular evaluations) until exhaustion. This task was performed on three separate days: (a) in the absence of concomitant cognitive task, (b) with concomitant 1-back task, and (c) with concomitant 2-back task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13343DOI Listing
February 2019

Ropivacaine for Intercostal Nerve Block Improves Early Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction in Patients Following Thoracotomy for Esophageal Cancer.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Jan 16;25:460-465. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Bishan District People's Hospital, Chongqing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Ropivacaine is commonly used as an intercostal nerve block, but its effects on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) have not previously been investigated. This study aimed to examine the effects of the use of ropivacaine as an intercostal nerve block on early POCD, postoperative analgesia, and inflammation in patients following thoracotomy for esophageal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS One hundred patients with esophageal cancer undergoing thoracotomy were randomly divided into a group with intercostal nerve block (group A) (n=50) and a control group (group B) (n=50). Read More

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https://www.medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/912328
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.912328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343520PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

The mental foramen: A cone beam CT study of the horizontal location, size and sexual dimorphism amongst living Jordanians.

Homo 2018 Nov 24;69(6):335-339. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan.

Accurate information regarding the horizontal location and size of mental foramen (MF) has a well-known clinical importance. In addition, these variables have been reported to exhibit inter-population variation. The aims of the present study were to study the horizontal position and size of MF, as seen on cone beam CT (CBCT) images, and to assess sexual dimorphism in these variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchb.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Bioelectric neuromodulation for gastrointestinal disorders: effectiveness and mechanisms.

Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Feb;16(2):89-105

Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

The gastrointestinal tract has extensive, surgically accessible nerve connections with the central nervous system. This provides the opportunity to exploit rapidly advancing methods of nerve stimulation to treat gastrointestinal disorders. Bioelectric neuromodulation technology has considerably advanced in the past decade, but sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence currently remains the only neuromodulation protocol in general use for a gastrointestinal disorder. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41575-018-0078-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41575-018-0078-6DOI Listing
February 2019
29 Reads

Quantitative and qualitative assessment of sensory changes induced by local anesthetics block of two different trigeminal nerve branches.

Clin Oral Investig 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Vennelyst Boulevard 9, DK-8000, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objectives: The aims were to use different techniques to assess the degree of sensory changes and magnitude of perceived size changes in the facial region induced by nerve blocks of two different trigeminal nerve branches in healthy participants.

Materials And Methods: This placebo-controlled study included 30 healthy volunteers. The participants underwent quantitative and qualitative sensory testing (QST and QualST) thrice: before, 10 min, and 2 h after mental (n = 15) and infraorbital (n = 15) nerve blocks and during control (saline) sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-018-2695-4DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Hydrogen sulfide downregulates colonic afferent sensitivity by a nitric oxide synthase-dependent mechanism in mice.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019 Jan 19;31(1):e13471. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Shandong University Cheeloo Medical College, Shandong, China.

Background: The effect of hydrogen sulfide (H S) on visceral nociception is elusive. The conflicting evidence of its pro- and antinociceptive effects raises a series of questions with respect to the effect of H S on colonic afferent activity and the underlying mechanism, which was further elucidated in this study.

Methods: Colonic mesenteric afferent nerve spikes of normal male C57BL/6J mice, Cbs mice, and Wistar rats were recorded in vitro. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13471DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Continuous lumbar plexus block reduces the incidence of early postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty].

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Aug;43(8):858-863

Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering, Ministry of Education; Institute of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710054, China.

Objective: To observe the impacts of continuous lumbar plexus block (CLPB) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty.
 Methods: Sixty elderly patients scheduled for hip arthroplasty with general anesthesia, were randomly allocated into a CLPB group and a PCIA group (n=30 each). In the CLPB group, lumbar plexus block was performed before trachea intubation, and CLPB was used for postoperative analgesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2018.08.006DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Urgent care peripheral nerve blocks for refractory trigeminal neuralgia.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Nov 8;36(11):2058-2060. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, 525 East 68th Street, Box 124, New York, NY 10065, United States of America.

Objective: After medication failure, patients with refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) often present urgently and seek more potent or invasive therapies such as opioids or surgical options. Peripheral nerve blocks, safe and simple, may offer extended pain relief prior to opioid use or more invasive ganglion level procedures.

Methods: We report a retrospective case-series (urgent care, at a large urban medical center, over a 2 year period) of nine patients with intractable primary TGN who underwent peripheral trigeminal nerve blocks after failing conservative medical therapy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.08.019DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Evaluation of the equine mental foramen block: cadaveric and in vivo injectate diffusion.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2018 Nov 19;45(6):839-848. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Objective: To describe injectate diffusion for two equine mental foramen block techniques.

Study Design: Descriptive anatomic study.

Animals: A total of 12 equine heads and three live horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2018.06.002DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Ultrastructural basis of strong unitary inhibition in a binaural neuron.

J Physiol 2018 Oct 2;596(20):4969-4982. Epub 2018 Sep 2.

Laboratory of Synaptic Mechanisms, Brain Mind Institute, School of Life Science, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland.

Key Points: Neurons of the lateral superior olive (LSO) in the brainstem receive powerful glycinergic inhibition that originates from the contralateral ear, and that plays an important role in sound localization. We investigated the ultrastructural basis for strong inhibition of LSO neurons using serial block face scanning electron microscopy. The soma and the proximal dendrite of an LSO neuron are surrounded by a high density of inhibitory axons, whereas excitatory axons are much sparser. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/JP276015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6187040PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Computed Tomography-Guided Superior Hypogastric Plexus Block for Secondary Dysmenorrhea in Perimenopausal Women.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Jul 24;24:5132-5138. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

The First Hospital of Jiaxing, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Refractory abdominal pain during menstruation severely affects patients' quality of life and simultaneously places enormous psychological burdens on patients and their families. Several treatments for secondary dysmenorrhea are available; however, none can permanently treat all types of secondary dysmenorrhea. Since pain is transmitted by the nerves, we hypothesized that a neurolytic block could be used as a treatment for refractory abdominal pain during menstruation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.906970DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069504PMC
July 2018
26 Reads

Anesthetic efficacy of mental/incisive nerve block compared to inferior alveolar nerve block using 4% articaine in mandibular premolars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis: a randomized clinical trial.

Clin Oral Investig 2019 Feb 7;23(2):839-845. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Division of Endodontics, Department of Advanced Oral Sciences and Therapeutics, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland Baltimore, 650 West Baltimore Street, 4th floor, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the onset, success rate, injection pain, and post-injection pain of mental/incisive nerve block (MINB) with that of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) using 4% articaine in mandibular premolars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. The accuracy of electrical pulp test (EPT) in determining pulpal anesthesia was also examined.

Materials And Methods: The study was designed as a randomized clinical trial with two study arms-MINB and IANB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-018-2500-4DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Ultrasound-Guided Intervention for Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia: An Updated Review of Anatomy and Techniques.

Pain Res Manag 2018 2;2018:5480728. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital Bei-Hu Branch, Taipei, Taiwan.

Orofacial myofascial pain is prevalent and most often results from entrapment of branches of the trigeminal nerves. It is challenging to inject branches of the trigeminal nerve, a large portion of which are shielded by the facial bones. Bony landmarks of the cranium serve as important guides for palpation-guided injections and can be delineated using ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5480728DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5902000PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Assessment of morphological and anatomical characteristics of mental foramen using cone beam computed tomography.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Oct 25;40(10):1133-1139. Epub 2018 May 25.

Department of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Purpose: To determine the shape, position, vertical height, surrounding bone characteristics, and opening angle of mental foramen (MF) using dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 663 patients. CBCT records analyzed for the shape, position, and surrounding bone measurements of the MF using Simplant 3D software (Hasselt, Belgium). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-018-2043-zDOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Towards a new approach to reveal dynamical organization of the brain using topological data analysis.

Nat Commun 2018 04 11;9(1):1399. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Rd, St 1356, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Little is known about how our brains dynamically adapt for efficient functioning. Most previous work has focused on analyzing changes in co-fluctuations between a set of brain regions over several temporal segments of the data. We argue that by collapsing data in space or time, we stand to lose useful information about the brain's dynamical organization. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03664-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03664-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5895632PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Anatomic analysis of the equine mental foramen and rostral mandibular canal using computed tomography.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2018 May 1;45(3):357-365. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Objectives: To characterize the anatomy of the mental foramen and determine associations with age, weight, sex and breed.

Study Design: Retrospective descriptive study.

Animals: Forty-one horses, 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2018.01.002DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Intraoperative Sedation With Dexmedetomidine is Superior to Propofol for Elderly Patients Undergoing Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study.

Clin J Pain 2018 Sep;34(9):811-817

Department of Anesthesiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei City, Anhui Province, China.

Background: Peripheral nerve block is a preferable method for elderly patients receiving hip arthroplasty. Sedation with dexmedetomidine may reduce postoperative delirium (POD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether intraoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine, as a supplementary to peripheral nerve block for elderly patients receiving total hip arthroplasty, can decrease the prevalence of POD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000605DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

The neural correlates of mental arithmetic in adolescents: a longitudinal fNIRS study.

Behav Brain Funct 2018 Mar 10;14(1). Epub 2018 Mar 10.

LEAD Graduate School & Research Network, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Background: Arithmetic processing in adults is known to rely on a frontal-parietal network. However, neurocognitive research focusing on the neural and behavioral correlates of arithmetic development has been scarce, even though the acquisition of arithmetic skills is accompanied by changes within the fronto-parietal network of the developing brain. Furthermore, experimental procedures are typically adjusted to constraints of functional magnetic resonance imaging, which may not reflect natural settings in which children and adolescents actually perform arithmetic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12993-018-0137-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5845230PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Recent advances in the management of chronic migraine in children.

Expert Rev Neurother 2018 03 10;18(3):231-239. Epub 2018 Feb 10.

c Department of Research and Development , Teva Pharmaceuticals , Frazer , PA , USA.

Introduction: Migraine is a chronic-recurrent disorder that progresses in some adults and also in many children. Chronic migraine (CM) is the clinical result of this process. Since migraine does not progress in most children, identifying the risk factors for progression is an important public health priority that should be matched by evidence-based treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737175.2018.1438191DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Can nerve regeneration on an artificial nerve conduit be enhanced by ethanol-induced cervical sympathetic ganglion block?

PLoS One 2017 8;12(12):e0189297. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

Department of Bioartificial Organs, Institute for Frontier Medical Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

This study aimed to determine whether nerve regeneration by means of an artificial nerve conduit is promoted by ethanol-induced cervical sympathetic ganglion block (CSGB) in a canine model. This study involved two experiments-in part I, the authors examined the effect of CSGB by ethanol injection on long-term blood flow to the orofacial region; part II involved evaluation of the effect of CSGB by ethanol injection on inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) repair using polyglycolic acid-collagen tubes. In part I, seven Beagles were administered left CSGB by injection of 99. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0189297PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722367PMC
January 2018
11 Reads

Peripheral nerve block in ankle fracture surgery: a qualitative study of patients' experiences.

Anaesthesia 2018 Jan 19;73(1):49-58. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Herlev and Gentofte University Hospital, Herlev, Denmark.

Peripheral nerve blocks are popular as a mode of anaesthesia for limb surgery and their beneficial effects are well documented in elective surgery. However, concerns have been raised about potential rebound pain outweighing the benefits in acute ankle fracture surgery. Furthermore, pain scores and morphine consumption do not provide a full picture, as pain is subjective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anae.14088DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

3D CBCT morphometric assessment of mental foramen in Arabic population and global comparison: imperative for invasive and non-invasive procedures in mandible.

Acta Odontol Scand 2018 Mar 11;76(2):98-104. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

e Neurology Department, College of Medicine , Al Jouf University , Sakakah , Saudi Arabia.

Background: Recent advancements in clinical dentistry have increased the possibilities of surgical procedures in the mental region. A detailed knowledge of mental foramen (MF) morphometry is significant to preserve integrity of the mental nerve trunk in surgical interventions such as orthognathic surgery, implant placement and anaesthetic block.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the most accurate position of the mental foramen by using new assessment approach in a sample of dental patients presenting to the specialist dental clinic, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016357.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2017.1387813DOI Listing
March 2018
18 Reads
1.310 Impact Factor

Regional Nerve Blocks for Equine Dentistry.

Authors:
Molly K Rice

J Vet Dent 2017 Jun;34(2):106-109

1 Midwest Veterinary Dental Services, Elkhorn, WI, USA.

Regional nerve blocks are necessary to facilitate equine oral surgery in the standing sedated patient. Step-by-step instruction on how to perform common regional nerve blocks are discussed, including infraorbital, maxillary, middle mental, and inferior alveolar nerve blocks. Regional nerve blocks are critical when performing dental procedures in the standing horse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898756417713730DOI Listing
June 2017
4 Reads

The position of the mental foramen in dentate and edentulous mandibles: clinical and surgical relevance.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2017 May 29. Epub 2017 May 29.

School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Background: The knowledge of the exact location of the mental foramen (MF) in dentate and edentulous mandibles is clinically important when constructing complete dentures, performing anaesthetic block of the lower-anterior teeth area and intervening in the MF nearby area. In edentulous mandibles, the bone resorption after teeth loss makes the mental nerve (MN) prone to damage due to the extreme location of the MF very close to the alveolar crest (AC). Chronic compression on the MN may result in pain in the area of MN distribution (ipsilateral face and cheek area) and numbness at the lower lip. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_morphologica/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2017.0042DOI Listing
May 2017
12 Reads

Effect of pre-emptive analgesia by continuous femoral nerve block on early postoperative cognitive function following total knee arthroplasty in elderly patients.

Exp Ther Med 2017 Apr 3;13(4):1592-1597. Epub 2017 Feb 3.

School of Clinical Medicine, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750004, P.R. China.

To the best of our knowledge, the effect of pre-emptively blocking pain transmission on acute postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has not yet been assessed. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of pre-emptive analgesia via a continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) on postoperative pain and early cognitive function following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery in elderly patients. CFNB was performed prior to TKA surgery in the pre-emptive analgesia group (n=30) and following TKA surgery in the control group (n=30). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5377570PMC
April 2017
4 Reads

Peripheral Nerve Block as a Supplement to Light or Deep General Anesthesia in Elderly Patients Receiving Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Study.

Clin J Pain 2017 12;33(12):1053-1059

Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, China.

Background: Peripheral nerve block combined with general anesthesia is a preferable anesthesia method for elderly patients receiving hip arthroplasty. The depth of sedation may influence patient recovery. Therefore, we investigated the influence of peripheral nerve blockade and different intraoperative sedation levels on the short-term recovery of elderly patients receiving total hip arthroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000502DOI Listing
December 2017
18 Reads

Possible Reversal of PTSD-Related DNA Methylation by Sympathetic Blockade.

J Mol Neurosci 2017 May 31;62(1):67-72. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Mental Health Department, Community-Based Outpatient Clinics, Washington DC, VA, USA.

Studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level increase is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) risk. BDNF may be a "missing-link" that mediates the interaction between genetics, environment, and the sympathetic system. Trauma has been shown to induce DNA methylation that in turn can increase BDNF concentration due to increased gene expression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12031-017-0911-3DOI Listing
May 2017
6 Reads

JIP3 regulates neuronal radial migration by mediating TrkB axonal anterograde transport in the developing cerebral cortex.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2017 04 1;485(4):790-795. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Department of Neurobiology, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders, School of Medicine and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Shandong University, No.44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012, PR China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Immunohematology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, PR China. Electronic address:

Radial migration is essential for the precise lamination and the coordinated function of the cerebral cortex. However, the molecular mechanisms for neuronal radial migration are not clear. Here, we report that c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK)-interacting protein-3 (JIP3) is highly expressed in the brain of embryonic mice and essential for radial migration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.02.132DOI Listing
April 2017
11 Reads

Comparison between ultrasound-guided interfascial pulsed radiofrequency and ultrasound-guided interfascial block with local anesthetic in myofascial pain syndrome of trapezius muscle.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Feb;96(5):e6019

aDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University bDepartment of Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) of the trapezius muscle (TM) is a frequently occurring musculoskeletal disorder. However, the treatment of MPS of the TM remains a challenge. We investigated the effects of ultrasound (US)-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation on the interfascial area of the TM. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201702030-0005
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000006019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5293467PMC
February 2017
9 Reads

Effect of admission fascia iliaca compartment blocks on post-operative abbreviated mental test scores in elderly fractured neck of femur patients: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Anesthesiol 2017 Jan 5;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 5.

Consultant, Department of Anaesthesia, East Surrey Hospital, Redhill, Surrey, UK.

Background: Post-operative cognitive impairment is common in elderly patients following surgery for hip fracture, with undertreated pain being an important etiological factor. Non-opioid based analgesic techniques, such as nerve blocks, may help reduce the risk of cognitive complications. The aim of this study was to investigate whether receiving a fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) as part of a pre-operative analgesic regime increased the odds of high post-operative abbreviated mental test scores (AMTS) when compared with conventional analgesia without a nerve block. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12871-016-0297-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5267435PMC
January 2017
8 Reads

Parabrachial Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide Activation of Amygdala Endosomal Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Signaling Regulates the Emotional Component of Pain.

Biol Psychiatry 2017 04 29;81(8):671-682. Epub 2016 Aug 29.

Department of Neurological Sciences, Burlington, Vermont. Electronic address:

Background: Chronic pain and stress-related psychopathologies, such as depression and anxiety-associated abnormalities, are mutually reinforcing; however, the neuronal circuits and mechanisms that underlie this reinforcement are still not well understood. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP; Adcyap1) and its cognate PAC1 receptor (Adcyap1r1) are expressed in peripheral nociceptive pathways, participate in anxiety-related responses and have been have been linked to posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental health afflictions.

Methods: Using immunocytochemistry, pharmacological treatments and behavioral testing techniques, we have used a rodent partial sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury model (n = 5-8 per group per experiment) to evaluate PACAP plasticity and signaling in nociceptive and stress-related behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2016.08.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5332340PMC
April 2017
6 Reads

Focused Training for Humanitarian Responders in Regional Anesthesia Techniques for a Planned Randomized Controlled Trial in a Disaster Setting.

PLoS Curr 2016 Nov 16;8. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Background: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of geophysical disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) has the potential to reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards. To date, no prospective research has evaluated the use of RA in a disaster setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/currents.dis.e75f9f9d977ac8adededb381e3948a04DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5145820PMC
November 2016
7 Reads

A prospective randomized controlled study comparing the pain relief in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with the use of vertebroplasty or facet blocking.

Eur Spine J 2016 11 5;25(11):3486-3494. Epub 2016 Feb 5.

Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, No. 76 Nanguo Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shanxi, China.

Purpose: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) versus those undergoing facet blocking (FB) for severe pain due to osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).

Methods: Two hundred and six patients who had OVCFs on spine radiography and intractable back pain for ≤8 weeks were recruited between January 2009 and January 2013 (165 females and 41 males, age ≥55 years). Patients were randomly assigned to the PVP group (100 patients) or the FB group (106 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-016-4425-4DOI Listing
November 2016
20 Reads

Stellate Ganglion Block in the Treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Historical and Recent Literature.

Pain Pract 2017 04 14;17(4):546-553. Epub 2016 Oct 14.

Department of Environmental Health & Engineering, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

Concerns over the rising prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), particularly among military service members returning from combat, and over barriers that hinder individuals from seeking out or adhering to standard therapies have contributed to interest in alternative therapies for the disorder. A novel alternative therapy for PTSD-stellate ganglion block (SGB)-may be considered lacking in formal evidence of efficacy despite having shown considerable promise. This review of the recent and historical literature related to SGB finds evidence of substantial beneficial psychiatric effects and substantiates that this fast-acting, somatic treatment may provide positive results for patients with PTSD and may reduce barriers to therapy, particularly among military populations. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/papr.12503
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papr.12503DOI Listing
April 2017
25 Reads

Local anaesthetic toxicity after bilateral thoracic paravertebral block in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

Anaesth Intensive Care 2016 09;44(5):615-9

Professor and Chair, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong SAR.

We conducted a small pilot observational study of the effects of bilateral thoracic paravertebral block (BTPB) as an adjunct to perioperative analgesia in coronary artery bypass surgery patients. The initial ropivacaine dose prior to induction of general anaesthesia was 3 mg/kg, which was followed at the end of the surgery by infusion of ropivacaine 0.25% 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0310057X1604400502DOI Listing
September 2016
5 Reads

Diagnosis and Characters of Non-Specific Low Back Pain in Japan: The Yamaguchi Low Back Pain Study.

PLoS One 2016 22;11(8):e0160454. Epub 2016 Aug 22.

Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Study Design: Cross sectional data from the Yamaguchi low back pain study conducted in Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan, was used for this analysis.

Methods: A total of 320 patients were recruited from walk-in orthopedic clinics in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Patients visited the clinics primarily for low back pain (LBP) and sought treatment between April and May 2015. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0160454PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4993356PMC
July 2017
3 Reads

Spontaneous Osteonecrosis of the Jaw During Bisphosphonate Therapy: An Unusual Etiology of the Numb Chin Syndrome.

J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2016 Sep 5;30(3):206-9. Epub 2016 Aug 5.

The numb chin syndrome is a rare manifestation of intractable pain in the palliative care setting and represents a major therapeutic challenge. The reported etiologies of the numb chin syndrome include trauma, infections, immune-mediated systemic conditions, and malignancy, both through local infiltration or compression of the inferior alveolar nerve sheath. The authors present the case of a patient with long-standing multiple myeloma, suffering from numb chin syndrome caused by a spontaneous osteonecrosis of the jaw after bisphosphonate therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15360288.2016.1204409DOI Listing
September 2016
9 Reads

[Effect of Stellate Ganglion Block on Bilateral Regional Cerebral Oxygen Saturation and Postoperative Cognitive Function].

Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi 2016 Feb;33(1):132-5

The present study was to examine the effect of stellate ganglion block (SGB) on bilateral regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and postoperative cognitive function. Eighty patients undergoing selective coronary artery bypass graft with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were randomly and equally divided into two groups. The patients in group S were given right SGB with ropivacaine, while the patients in group C were injected with normal saline. Read More

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February 2016
6 Reads

Short-term effects of greater occipital nerve blocks in chronic migraine: A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Cephalalgia 2017 Aug 12;37(9):864-872. Epub 2016 Jun 12.

4 Department of Preventive Medicine, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria San Carlos, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

Background Greater occipital nerve (GON) blocks are widely used for the treatment of headaches, but quality evidence regarding their efficacy is scarce. Objective The objective of this article is to assess the short-term clinical efficacy of GON anaesthetic blocks in chronic migraine (CM) and to analyse their effect on pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in different territories. Participants and methods The study was designed as a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102416655159DOI Listing
August 2017
28 Reads

Immunization Against Specific Fragments of Neurotrophin p75 Receptor Protects Forebrain Cholinergic Neurons in the Olfactory Bulbectomized Mice.

J Alzheimers Dis 2016 05;53(1):289-301

Shemyakin's-Ovchinnikov's Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive cognitive impairment associated with marked cholinergic neuron loss and amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide accumulation in the brain. The cytotoxicity in AD is mediated, at least in part, by Aβ binding with the extracellular domain of the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), localized predominantly in the membranes of acetylcholine-producing neurons in the basal forebrain. Hypothesizing that an open unstructured loop of p75NTR might be the effective site for Aβ binding, we have immunized both olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) and sham-operated (SO) mice (n = 82 and 49, respectively) with synthetic peptides, structurally similar to different parts of the loops, aiming to block them by specific antibodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-160146DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4942728PMC
May 2016
24 Reads

Accessory mental foramina associated with neurovascular bundle in Korean population.

Surg Radiol Anat 2016 Dec 4;38(10):1169-1174. Epub 2016 May 4.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, Korea.

Purpose: To determine the prevalence and anatomical features of accessory mental foramina (AMFs) associated with neurovascular bundle using reformatted CBCT images in Korean population.

Materials And Methods: Three-dimensional, cross-sectional, and axial images of CBCT from total 446 patients were evaluated. To include only AMF associated with neurovascular bundle, the course of accessory nerve through AMF was evaluated on three-dimensional images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-016-1680-3DOI Listing
December 2016
11 Reads

Multiple D2 heteroreceptor complexes: new targets for treatment of schizophrenia.

Ther Adv Psychopharmacol 2016 Apr 10;6(2):77-94. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Instituet, Retzius väg 8, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.

The dopamine (DA) neuron system most relevant for schizophrenia is the meso-limbic-cortical DA system inter alia densely innervating subcortical limbic regions. The field of dopamine D2 receptors and schizophrenia changed markedly with the discovery of many types of D2 heteroreceptor complexes in subcortical limbic areas as well as the dorsal striatum. The results indicate that the D2 is a hub receptor which interacts not only with many other G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) including DA isoreceptors but also with ion-channel receptors, receptor tyrosine kinases, scaffolding proteins and DA transporters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2045125316637570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4837969PMC
April 2016
6 Reads

Comparative Evaluation of Mental Incisal Nerve Block, Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block, and Their Combination on the Anesthetic Success Rate in Symptomatic Mandibular Premolars: A Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial.

J Endod 2016 Jun 14;42(6):843-5. Epub 2016 Apr 14.

Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of mental incisive nerve block (MINB) and inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) that were given alone or in combination to provide anesthesia to symptomatic mandibular premolars.

Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients participated in this randomized, double-blind clinical trial. The patients were divided into 3 groups; first group received MINB with 2 mL 2% lidocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine and a mock IANB with 2 mL sterile saline, patients in group 2 received mock MINB and an IANB with 2 mL 2% lidocaine, and patients in group 3 received both MINB and IANB with 2 mL each of 2% lidocaine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2016.02.015DOI Listing
June 2016
5 Reads

MANDIBULAR MORPHOMETRY APPLIED TO ANESTHETIC BLOCKAGE IN THE MANED WOLF (CHRYSOCYON BRACHYURUS).

J Zoo Wildl Med 2016 Mar;47(1):91-7

Chrysocyon brachyurus (maned wolf) is the biggest South American canid and has a high frequency of dental injuries, both in the wild and in captivity. Thus, veterinary procedures are necessary to preserve the feeding capacity of hundreds of captive specimens worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the mandibular morphometry of the maned wolf with emphasis on the establishment of anatomic references for anesthetic block of the inferior alveolar and mental nerves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/2015-0092.1DOI Listing
March 2016
12 Reads

Anthropometric Analysis of Facial Foramina in Korean Population: A Three-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Study.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2016 Mar 21;17(1):9-13. Epub 2016 Mar 21.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Eulji General Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Position of the facial foramina is important for regional block and for various maxillofacial surgical procedures. In this study, we report on anthropometry and morphology of these foramina using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) data.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed for all patients who have undergone 3D-CT scan of the facial skeleton for reasons other than fracture or deformity of the facial skeleton. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2016.17.1.9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556725PMC
March 2016
24 Reads