171 results match your criteria Nerve Block Infraorbital


Quantitative and qualitative assessment of sensory changes induced by local anesthetics block of two different trigeminal nerve branches.

Clin Oral Investig 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Vennelyst Boulevard 9, DK-8000, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objectives: The aims were to use different techniques to assess the degree of sensory changes and magnitude of perceived size changes in the facial region induced by nerve blocks of two different trigeminal nerve branches in healthy participants.

Materials And Methods: This placebo-controlled study included 30 healthy volunteers. The participants underwent quantitative and qualitative sensory testing (QST and QualST) thrice: before, 10 min, and 2 h after mental (n = 15) and infraorbital (n = 15) nerve blocks and during control (saline) sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-018-2695-4DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Bilateral suprazygomatic maxillary nerve blocks vs. infraorbital and palatine nerve blocks in cleft lip and palate repair: A double-blind, randomised study.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2019 01;36(1):40-47

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Vall d'Hebron Hospital, Department of Surgery, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (GE, MDM, MdN), Department of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Denver, Colorado, USA (GM, CC, RJI), Department of Pediatric Anesthesia, King Abdullah Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (PS), Department of Anesthesiology, Guwahati Comprehensive Cleft Care Center, Guwahati, India (PB, NB) and Department Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA (AB).

Background: Cleft defects are common craniofacial malformations which require early surgical repair. These patients are at high risk of postoperative airway obstruction and respiratory failure. Cleft surgery may require high doses of opioids which may contribute to these complications. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00003643-900000000-9852
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EJA.0000000000000900DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Extraoral approach of infraorbital nerve block for inferior partial maxillectomy as an adjunct to general anaesthesia.

J Clin Anesth 2019 02 28;52:33. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Regional Cancer Centre, Trivandrum 695011, Kerala, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2018.08.024DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.210 Impact Factor

Urgent care peripheral nerve blocks for refractory trigeminal neuralgia.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Nov 8;36(11):2058-2060. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, 525 East 68th Street, Box 124, New York, NY 10065, United States of America.

Objective: After medication failure, patients with refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) often present urgently and seek more potent or invasive therapies such as opioids or surgical options. Peripheral nerve blocks, safe and simple, may offer extended pain relief prior to opioid use or more invasive ganglion level procedures.

Methods: We report a retrospective case-series (urgent care, at a large urban medical center, over a 2 year period) of nine patients with intractable primary TGN who underwent peripheral trigeminal nerve blocks after failing conservative medical therapy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.08.019DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Infraorbital foramen location in the pediatric population: A guide for infraorbital nerve block.

Paediatr Anaesth 2018 08 5;28(8):697-702. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, West Liberty University, West Liberty, WV, USA.

Background: Infraorbital nerve blocks are often performed for the management of postoperative pain associated with cleft lip correction. Infraorbital nerve block procedures depend on the identification of the infraorbital foramen; however, there is little information regarding the infraorbital foramen location in the pediatric population.

Aims: The aim of this study was to identify the location of the infraorbital foramen in the pediatric population relative to a midpoint between the nasospinale and jugale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pan.13422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109424PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Real-time ultrasound-guided infraorbital nerve block to treat trigeminal neuralgia using a high concentration of tetracaine dissolved in bupivacaine.

Scand J Pain 2015 Jan 1;6(1):51-54. Epub 2015 Jan 1.

Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Ehime Japan.

Background Trigeminal neuralgia is a neuropathic disorder characterized by episodes of intense pain in the face. Drug therapy is the first choice of treatment. However, in cases where drug therapy are contraindicated due to side effects, patients can get pain relief from lengthy neurosurgical procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2014.10.003DOI Listing
January 2015
16 Reads

Ultrasound-Guided Intervention for Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia: An Updated Review of Anatomy and Techniques.

Pain Res Manag 2018 2;2018:5480728. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital Bei-Hu Branch, Taipei, Taiwan.

Orofacial myofascial pain is prevalent and most often results from entrapment of branches of the trigeminal nerves. It is challenging to inject branches of the trigeminal nerve, a large portion of which are shielded by the facial bones. Bony landmarks of the cranium serve as important guides for palpation-guided injections and can be delineated using ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5480728DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5902000PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Cardiac Arrest and Death Attributable to the "Diving Response" Triggered During Incision and Debridement of an Abscess of the Forehead.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jul;29(5):e507-e509

Ross University School of Medicine, Miramar, FL.

The authors discuss about a patient who, while undergoing a routine procedure to drain a subcutaneous abscess within his forehead, suffered cardiac arrest that we conclude was caused by an activation of the diving response. This reflex affects homeostatic function which alters respiration and preferentially distributes oxygen stores to the heart and brain. Under some conditions, however, this reflex can also trigger cardiovascular collapse and death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004555DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

The Infraorbital Foramen Is Located Midway Between the Nasospinale and Jugale: Considerations for Infraorbital Nerve Block and Maxillofacial Surgery.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Mar;29(2):523-527

Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics.

Identification of the infraorbital foramen is important in infraorbital nerve block and the prevention of iatrogenic injury of the infraorbital nerve in maxillofacial surgeries. This study assessed the location of 887 infraorbital foramina from 518 adult crania of varied sex and population. The study assessed the midpoint of a line segment spanning from nasospinale to jugale (NS-J) relative to the infraorbital foramen. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001665-900000000-9593
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5839919PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Facial blanching after inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia: an unusual complication.

J Dent Anesth Pain Med 2017 Dec 28;17(4):317-321. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Republic of Korea.

The present case report describes a complication involving facial blanching symptoms occurring during inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia (IANBA). Facial blanching after IANBA can be caused by the injection of an anesthetic into the maxillary artery area, affecting the infraorbital artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17245/jdapm.2017.17.4.317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5766093PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Multisensory modulation of experimentally evoked perceptual distortion of the face.

J Oral Rehabil 2018 Jan 18;45(1):1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 18.

Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Odontology and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Chronic oro-facial pain patients often perceive the painful face area as "swollen" without clinical signs, that is a perceptual distortion (PD). Local anaesthetic (LA) injections in healthy participants are also associated with PD.

Objective: The aim was to explore whether PD evoked by LA into the infraorbital region could be modulated by adding mechanical stimulation (MS) to the affected area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12581DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Evaluation of a modified infraorbital approach for a maxillary nerve block for rhinoscopy with nasal biopsy of dogs.

Am J Vet Res 2017 Sep;78(9):1025-1035

OBJECTIVE To determine whether a maxillary nerve block via a modified infraorbital approach, applied before rhinoscopy and nasal biopsy of dogs, would decrease procedural nociception, minimize cardiorespiratory anesthetic effects, and improve recovery quality. ANIMALS 8 healthy adult hound-type dogs PROCEDURES In a crossover study, dogs received 0.5% bupivacaine (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.78.9.1025DOI Listing
September 2017
35 Reads

Regional Nerve Blocks for Equine Dentistry.

Authors:
Molly K Rice

J Vet Dent 2017 Jun;34(2):106-109

1 Midwest Veterinary Dental Services, Elkhorn, WI, USA.

Regional nerve blocks are necessary to facilitate equine oral surgery in the standing sedated patient. Step-by-step instruction on how to perform common regional nerve blocks are discussed, including infraorbital, maxillary, middle mental, and inferior alveolar nerve blocks. Regional nerve blocks are critical when performing dental procedures in the standing horse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898756417713730DOI Listing
June 2017
4 Reads

Management of isolated infraorbital neuralgia by ultrasound-guided infraorbital nerve block with combination of steroid and local anesthetic.

J Clin Anesth 2017 Feb 10;37:146-148. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Baskent University, Adana Education and Research Center, Adana, Turkey.

Patients with isolated peripheral branch neuralgia of trigeminal nerve usually receive traditional treatment such as medical therapy and interventional procedures targeting the entire trigeminal nerve or related ganglions. However, if the intractable pain is limited to a certain branch, the patient may also benefit from a peripheral and nerve-targeted interventional approach. Here, we report the management of a patient with isolated infraorbital neuralgia by ultrasound-guided infraorbital nerve block with steroid and local anesthetic combination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2016.12.007DOI Listing
February 2017
6 Reads

A comparative evaluation of anesthetic efficacy of articaine 4% and lidocaine 2% with anterior middle superior alveolar nerve block and infraorbital nerve block: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2016 Nov-Dec;19(6):527-531

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Dental College and Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, India.

Background: The ideal maxillary injection should produce a rapid onset of profound pulpal anesthesia for multiple teeth from a single needle penetration. The main objective is to compare the efficacy of articaine 4% and lidocaine 2% and to compare anterior middle superior alveolar nerve block (AMSANB) and infraorbital nerve block (IONB) for anesthesia of maxillary teeth.

Materials And Methods: Forty patients undergoing root canal treatment of maxillary anteriors and premolars were included and randomly divided into four groups of ten each. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2016/19/6/527/194021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.194021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5146767PMC
December 2016
18 Reads

Variant Anatomy of the Nasal and Labial Branches of the Infraorbital Nerve.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2016 Nov 22;9(4):294-296. Epub 2016 Aug 22.

Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Comprehensive understanding of the variations in the branches of the infraorbital nerve (ION) is vital to the prevention of iatrogenic nerve injury and successful ION blockade during orbitozygomatic facial procedures. Only a few studies exist on the variant anatomy of the branching patterns of this nerve. This article provides a detailed description of the variations of the nasal and superior labial branches of the ION. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0036-1584404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5101112PMC
November 2016
5 Reads

Technical Modifications for Intraoral Quadrangular Le Fort II Osteotomy.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Feb 6;75(2):402.e1-402.e16. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Resident, Department of Cranio-, Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Purpose: The intraoral quadrangular Le Fort II osteotomy (IQLFIIO) represents a reliable surgical method in cases of midfacial deficiency with good functional, esthetic, and stable long-term results.

Patients And Methods: In this technical note, we present 3 surgical modifications to previous reports: 1) inferior orbital rim osteotomy by angulated piezosurgical instruments, thereby avoiding the use of chisels in the orbital region; 2) osteosynthetic fixation only laterally at the zygomatic buttress with 2 L-shaped miniplates, thus avoiding paranasal osteosynthesis; and 3) advancement step camouflage in the lateral infraorbital region with a compound mass of autologous bone chips and fibrin glue with the intention to reduce bone block-associated side effects.

Results: Thirteen consecutive patients presenting with midfacial deficiency and Class III malocclusion were treated by IQLFIIO and mandibular osteotomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2016.09.050DOI Listing
February 2017
8 Reads

Retrograde maxillary nerve perineural injection: A tomographic and anatomical evaluation of the infraorbital canal and evaluation of needle type and size in equine cadavers.

Vet J 2016 Nov 3;217:33-39. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Perugia University, via San Costanzo 4, 06126 Perugia, Italy.

The aim of this study was to investigate a new approach for equine maxillary nerve blocks, which can facilitate several orofacial surgeries. Current techniques aim at the maxillary foramen and approach via the zygomatic arch, conferring the risk of injury to several delicate structures in the target area. To investigate the feasibility of a retrograde approach from the infraorbital foramen, an anatomic study of the infraorbital canal and its surrounding structures was performed on 13 cadaveric skulls using computed tomography and anatomical dissection. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10900233163007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.05.016DOI Listing
November 2016
7 Reads

A clinical study to determine the efficacy of 7ppm dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to 2% lignocaine in infraorbital nerve block.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Nov 11;54(9):997-1000. Epub 2016 Aug 11.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, V.S.P.M's Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Dexmedetomidine is a selective alpha-2-adrenoceptor agonist used as an adjuvant for regional anaesthesia. We studied its efficacy as an adjuvant to lidocaine in infraorbital nerve block in 90 patients divided equally into three groups. The first group (control) was given 2% lidocaine 2ml only, the second, 2% lidocaine 2ml with dexmedetomidine 14μg peripherally (peripheral group), and the third, 2% lidocaine 2ml peripherally with dexmedetomidine 14μg systemically (systemic group). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02664356163018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2016.07.011DOI Listing
November 2016
13 Reads

The effects of lidocaine or a lidocaine-bupivacaine mixture administered into the infraorbital canal in dogs.

Authors:
Peter J Pascoe

Am J Vet Res 2016 Jul;77(7):682-7

OBJECTIVE To determine the onset, duration, and extent of regional nerve blocks performed by administration of lidocaine or lidocaine-bupivacaine into the infraorbital canal in dogs. ANIMALS 6 healthy hound-type dogs. PROCEDURES Under general anesthesia, stimulating needles were inserted into the gingiva dorsolateral to both maxillary canine (MC) teeth and the maxillary fourth premolar (MPM4) and second molar (MM2) teeth on the treatment side. Read More

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http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/10.2460/ajvr.77.7.682
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.77.7.682DOI Listing
July 2016
7 Reads

Short-term effects of greater occipital nerve blocks in chronic migraine: A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Cephalalgia 2017 Aug 12;37(9):864-872. Epub 2016 Jun 12.

4 Department of Preventive Medicine, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria San Carlos, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

Background Greater occipital nerve (GON) blocks are widely used for the treatment of headaches, but quality evidence regarding their efficacy is scarce. Objective The objective of this article is to assess the short-term clinical efficacy of GON anaesthetic blocks in chronic migraine (CM) and to analyse their effect on pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in different territories. Participants and methods The study was designed as a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102416655159DOI Listing
August 2017
28 Reads

Effect of Three Different Injection Sites on the Success of Anterior Middle Superior Alveolar Nerve Block with 3% Mepivacaine: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2016 Feb 1;17(2):130-5. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

Dental Research Center, Research Institute of Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Aim: Anterior middle superior alveolar (AMSA) nerve block injection targets the anterior superior alveolar nerve and the middle superior alveolar nerve branches of the infraorbital nerve through nutrient canals. Therefore, the central incisor to the second premolar teeth of one quadrant can be anesthetized. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of AMSA nerve block injection with 3% mepivacaine solution at three different injection sites. Read More

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February 2016
14 Reads

Location of the infraorbital foramen with reference to soft tissue landmarks.

Surg Radiol Anat 2017 Jan 4;39(1):11-15. Epub 2016 May 4.

Department of Anatomy, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: The location of the infraorbital foramen and its variations are important during periorbital, dental, plastic, and oromaxillofacial surgeries. The aim of this study is to document the most practical anatomical soft tissue landmarks for defining the location of infraorbital foramen and infraorbital nerve for effective nerve blockade and to decrease its risk of injury during periorbital surgeries.

Methods: Forty sides from 20 adult fixed cadavers were used for this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-016-1683-0DOI Listing
January 2017
4 Reads

Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain following cleft lip repair in children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016 Apr 13;4:CD011131. Epub 2016 Apr 13.

Private Office, Rua Borges Lagoa, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Postoperative pain is a barrier to the quality of paediatric care, the proper management of which is a challenge. Acute postoperative pain often leads to adverse functional and organic consequences that may compromise surgical outcome. Cleft lip is one of the most common craniofacial birth defects and requires surgical correction early in life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011131.pub2DOI Listing
April 2016
25 Reads

Anthropometric Analysis of Facial Foramina in Korean Population: A Three-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Study.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2016 Mar 21;17(1):9-13. Epub 2016 Mar 21.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Eulji General Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Position of the facial foramina is important for regional block and for various maxillofacial surgical procedures. In this study, we report on anthropometry and morphology of these foramina using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) data.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed for all patients who have undergone 3D-CT scan of the facial skeleton for reasons other than fracture or deformity of the facial skeleton. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2016.17.1.9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556725PMC
March 2016
24 Reads

Anaesthetic efficacy of unilamellar and multilamellar liposomal formulations of articaine in inflamed and uninflamed tissue.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Apr 27;54(3):295-300. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Department of Physiological Sciences, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Av. Limeira, 901 - Bairro Areião CEP 13414-903 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

We compared the efficacy of articaine encapsulated in multilamellar and unilamellar liposomes with that of articaine with epinephrine, after infiltration into inflamed and uninflamed tissue in rats. We encapsulated 4% articaine in multilamellar (articaine:multi) and unilamellar (articaine:uni) liposomes and compared them with 4% articaine with 1:100 000 epinephrine (articaine:epinephrine), in inflamed (plantar incision into the hind paw) and uninflamed (infraorbital nerve block) tissue in rats. Anaesthetic formulations (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2016.01.005DOI Listing
April 2016
12 Reads

Effects of Buprenorphine Added to Bupivacaine Infraorbital Nerve Blocks on Isoflurane Minimum Alveolar Concentration Using a Model for Acute Dental/Oral Surgical Pain in Dogs.

J Vet Dent 2016 06 6;33(2):90-96. Epub 2016 Aug 6.

3 Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Bupivacaine appears to have a duration of action longer than previously reported. Results of this study demonstrate that the addition of buprenorphrine may enhance the analgesic duration of effect for bupivacaine regional nerve blocks. In addition, the use of bupivacaine alone may have analgesia that exceeds 24 hours in many cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898756416657232DOI Listing
June 2016
6 Reads

Infraorbital and infratrochlear nerve blocks combined with general anaesthesia for outpatient rhinoseptoplasty: A prospective randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2016 Feb 5;35(1):31-36. Epub 2015 Nov 5.

Department of anaesthesiology and intensive care, Édouard-Herriot hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France; Claude-Bernard Lyon I university, university of Lyon, Lyon, France.

Introduction: We conducted a study to determine the efficacy of bilateral extraoral infraorbital and infratrochlear nerve blocks during outpatient rhinoseptoplasty under general anaesthesia.

Patients And Methods: In this prospective, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial, 40 adult patients undergoing outpatient rhinoseptoplasty under general anaesthesia were assigned to receive bilateral infraorbital and infratrochlear nerve blocks with either 10mL of 0.25% levobupivacaine (Group LB) or isotonic saline (control group). Read More

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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352556815
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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S235255681500133
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.accpm.2015.09.002DOI Listing
February 2016
36 Reads

Bilateral Infraorbital Nerve Block Versus Intravenous Pentazocine: A Comparative Study on Post-operative Pain Relief Following Cleft Lip Surgery.

J Clin Diagn Res 2015 May 1;9(5):UC04-6. Epub 2015 May 1.

Professor, Department of Anaesthesia, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital , Ludhiana, Punjab, India .

Background And Objectives: Infra orbital nerve block is utilized for postoperative pain control in children undergoing cleft lip repair. This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness, advantages and disadvantages of infra orbital nerve block and opioids for postoperative pain relief following cheiloplasty.

Materials And Methods: Sixty paediatric patients aged 3 months - 13 years undergoing cheiloplasty were selected by simple random sampling and were divided into two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/11953.5984DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4484127PMC
May 2015
6 Reads

Anatomical study of the infraorbital foramen: A basis for successful infraorbital nerve block.

Clin Anat 2015 Sep 28;28(6):753-60. Epub 2015 Jun 28.

Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre, London, United Kingdom.

Detailed knowledge of variations of the infraorbital foramen (IOF) and the establishment of a constant reference point for needle insertion are important for safe and successful regional block and for avoiding iatrogenic injury to the nerve during surgery in the midfacial region. Infraorbital foramina from 133 sides of 67 dry intact adult skulls of undetermined gender were examined for variations in shape, number, location in relation to bony landmarks, and relationship to the maxillary teeth. The angles of needle insertion in the sagittal and Frankfurt planes were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.22558DOI Listing
September 2015
9 Reads

The effect of infraorbital nerve block on emergence agitation in children undergoing cleft lip surgery under general anesthesia with sevoflurane.

Paediatr Anaesth 2015 Sep 12;25(9):906-10. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Sevoflurane is widely used in pediatric anesthesia. However, a high incidence of emergence agitation (EA) after general anesthesia with sevoflurane has been reported and pain has been regarded as a significant contributing factor. The objective of this prospective randomized, placebo-controlled trial was to determine whether infraorbital nerve block reduces EA in children undergoing repair of cleft lip after sevoflurane. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/pan.12674
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pan.12674DOI Listing
September 2015
10 Reads

Neonatal sensory nerve injury-induced synaptic plasticity in the trigeminal principal sensory nucleus.

Exp Neurol 2016 Jan 6;275 Pt 2:245-52. Epub 2015 May 6.

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Sensory deprivation studies in neonatal mammals, such as monocular eye closure, whisker trimming, and chemical blockade of the olfactory epithelium have revealed the importance of sensory inputs in brain wiring during distinct critical periods. But very few studies have paid attention to the effects of neonatal peripheral sensory nerve damage on synaptic wiring of the central nervous system (CNS) circuits. Peripheral somatosensory nerves differ from other special sensory afferents in that they are more prone to crush or severance because of their locations in the body. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00144886150014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2015.04.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4636484PMC
January 2016
18 Reads

T-shaped excision of the orbicularis oris muscle: an innovative technique for upper lip lift procedures.

Aesthet Surg J 2015 May 1;35(4):456-61. Epub 2015 Apr 1.

Department of Plastic Surgery, HuiZhou Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Huizhou, China.

Background: The lips are a prominent part of the face and they age along with the face. Microsurgery for upper lip lifts is becoming popular because of its association with minimal trauma and rapid recovery.

Objectives: The authors introduced an innovative method of lifting the upper lip. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sju056DOI Listing
May 2015
50 Reads

Practical regional blocks for nasal fracture in a child: blockade of infraorbital nerve and external nasal branch of anterior ethmoidal nerve.

J Clin Anesth 2015 Aug 29;27(5):436-8. Epub 2015 Mar 29.

Baskent University, School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Dadaloglu Mh, 39.sk, No:A/4, 01250, Adana, Turkey.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09528180150007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2015.03.018DOI Listing
August 2015
9 Reads

Painful stimulation and transient blocking of nerve transduction due to local anesthesia evoke perceptual distortions of the face in healthy volunteers.

J Pain 2015 Apr 29;16(4):335-45. Epub 2015 Jan 29.

Section of Clinical Oral Physiology, Department of Dentistry, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.

Unlabelled: Anecdotally, orofacial pain patients sometimes report that the painful face area feels "swollen." Because there are no clinical signs of swelling, such illusions may represent perceptual distortions. In this study, we examine whether nociceptive stimulation can lead to perceptual distortion of the face in a way similar to that of local anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2015.01.006DOI Listing
April 2015
11 Reads
4.010 Impact Factor

[New method of conduction anesthesia in the maxilla].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2014 ;93(6):35-37

Volgogradskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ meditsinskiĭ universitet.

There was the research aimed at improving the effeciency of intraosseous anesthesia in the maxilla by blocking the infraorbital nerve conduction along its entire length. In the experimental part of the needle puncture defined place and character of the spreading of contrast medium into the upper jaw. In the clinical part of the study shows the advantages of the proposed method of intraosseous anesthesia. Read More

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http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/stomatologiya/2014/6/downlo
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/stomat201493635-37DOI Listing
May 2015
4 Reads

Regional anaesthesia for cleft lip surgery in a developing world setting.

S Afr J Surg 2014 Nov;52(4):108-110

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital, Durban, South Africa.

Background: The role of regional anaesthesia in cleft lip surgery in the developing world is not well documented.

Method: A retrospective chart review of 100 patients aged >14 years who had cleft lip surgery during an Operation Smile South Africa (OSSA) volunteer surgical programme in Madagascar during 2007 and 2008. The nerve blocks used included a bilateral infraorbital nerve block, a dorsalnasal nerve block and a septal block supplemented with peri-incisional local in_ltration. Read More

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November 2014
3 Reads

Infraorbital nerve block for isolated orbital floor fractures repair: review of 135 consecutive cases.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2014 Jan 7;2(1):e97. Epub 2014 Feb 7.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, CTO-AOUC, Florence, Italy.

Background: Orbital blowout fractures can be managed by several surgical specialties including plastic and maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, and ophthalmology. Recommendations for surgical fracture repair depend on a combination of clinical and imaging studies to evaluate muscle/nerve entrapment and periorbital tissue herniation.

Methods: The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of regional anesthesia when repairing orbital floor fractures. Read More

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http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:land
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000000039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4174218PMC
January 2014
11 Reads

Infiltrative anesthesia in office practice.

Am Fam Physician 2014 Jun;89(12):956-62

Headquarters Air Armament Center Family Medicine Residency, Eglin Air Force Base, FL, USA.

When choosing an infiltrative anesthetic agent, the type of procedure, the length of time required for anesthesia, and the pharmacodynamics of each medication are important considerations. Distraction techniques and buffering with sodium bicarbonate can be used to decrease the pain associated with injection. Local cutaneous infiltration is the most commonly used anesthetic technique and involves direct injection into the area requiring anesthesia. Read More

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June 2014
8 Reads

Efficacy and feasibility of frontozygomatic angle approach for extra oral maxillary nerve block in oral surgery: a descriptive clinical trial.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2014 Sep 21;13(3):231-7. Epub 2013 Apr 21.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Al Badar Rural Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka India.

Background: Pain control is an integral part of minor oral surgery and maxillary/mandibular nerve blocks have proved promising in achieving the same. Although intra oral techniques of maxillary nerve block are common and are widely used, there are certain inherent disadvantages and potential complications. Less commonly described in the literature, the extra oral techniques have a wide spectrum of indications as well as can be more advantageous than the intra oral approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-013-0514-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4082541PMC
September 2014
25 Reads

Opioid consumption after levobupivacaine scalp nerve block for craniosynostosis surgery.

Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan 2014 Jun 21;52(2):64-9. Epub 2014 Jun 21.

Département d'Anesthésie-Réanimation, Hôpital neurologique et neurochirurgical Pierre Wertheimer, Bron, Lyon, France.

Background And Objectives: Craniosynostosis surgery is considered a very painful procedure due to extended scalp and periosteal detachment, and is associated with prolonged postoperative consumption of opioids and their side effects. In this observational descriptive case series study, we investigated perioperative opioid consumption in children undergoing craniosynostosis repair under general anesthesia when scalp nerve block with levobupivacaine was involved.

Methods: After standard anesthesia induction, scalp nerve block with levobupivacaine 2 mg/kg plus epinephrine 1:800,000 was performed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18754597140004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aat.2014.05.006DOI Listing
June 2014
15 Reads

Morphometric analysis and anatomical variations of infraorbital foramen: a study in adult North Indian population.

Morphologie 2014 Dec 20;98(323):166-70. Epub 2014 May 20.

Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, Rajasthan 342005, India.

Purpose: Various studies have been conducted on morphometric variations of infraorbital foramen to provide data to surgeons for nerve block in infraorbital region. This study aims to analyse the anatomical variations by comparing various morphometric measurements of infraorbital foramen in dry skulls of adult North Indian population. This study becomes relevant in the present study group as very scant data is available about the variations and morphometric measurements in Indian population. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S12860115140001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.morpho.2014.02.008DOI Listing
December 2014
8 Reads

[The efficacy of ultrasound-guided infraorbital nerve block with hockey stick typed probe].

Masui 2013 Oct;62(10):1210-3

Department of Anesthesiology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo 160-8402.

We report a case of ultrasound-guided infraorbital nerve block with a hockey stick typed probe in plane approach. Individual difference of infraorbital anatomy makes it difficult to puncture the infraorbital for a man, and the risks include bleeding, double vision and paranasal sinus puncture. The advantage of ultrasound-guided nerve block has been reported. Read More

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October 2013
11 Reads

Anatomical and morphometric analysis of accessory infraorbital foramen.

J Craniofac Surg 2013 Nov;24(6):2124-6

From the *Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University; and †AJ Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, India.

The aim of the present study was to analyze the anatomical and morphometric variation in shape, frequency of occurrence, direction, and position of accessory infraorbital foramen (AIOF) in relation to infraorbital foramen (IOF) in cadaveric dry skulls to minimize clinical complications and aid in surgical maneuvering in the maxillofacial region and implementing the regional block anesthesia. The IOF is an important anatomical landmark in these surgical manipulations. Because there is limited literature available on AIOF, which transmits accessory branch of the infraorbital nerve, the present study was designed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0b013e31828f2fa6DOI Listing
November 2013
3 Reads

Panophthalmoplegia and vision loss after cosmetic nasal dorsum injection.

J Clin Neurosci 2014 Apr 9;21(4):678-80. Epub 2013 Aug 9.

Department of Neurology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 761-1 Sanggye 7, Nowon-gu, Seoul 139-707, South Korea.

We report a case of unilateral blindness and panophthalmoplegia after hyaluronic acid injection into the dorsum of the nose in a healthy young woman. Microspheres of hyaluronic acid are popular fillers for facial rejuvenation. While ocular side effects from injections in the nose and face have been reported following turbinate injection, rhinoplasty and infraorbital nerve block, ocular side effects from injection into the dorsum of the nose are extremely rare. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868130042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2013.05.018DOI Listing
April 2014
4 Reads

Visualization of mouse barrel cortex using ex-vivo track density imaging.

Neuroimage 2014 Feb 21;87:465-75. Epub 2013 Sep 21.

Centre for Advanced Imaging, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

We describe the visualization of the barrel cortex of the primary somatosensory area (S1) of ex vivo adult mouse brain with short-tracks track density imaging (stTDI). stTDI produced much higher definition of barrel structures than conventional fractional anisotropy (FA), directionally-encoded color FA maps, spin-echo T1- and T2-weighted imaging and gradient echo T1/T2*-weighted imaging. 3D high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) data were acquired at 48 micron isotropic resolution for a (3mm)(3) block of cortex containing the barrel field and reconstructed using stTDI at 10 micron isotropic resolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.09.030DOI Listing
February 2014
14 Reads

Length and anatomic routes of the greater palatine canal as observed by cone beam computed tomography.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2013 Mar;10(2):155-61

Torabinejad Dental Research Center and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Greater palatine canal is used for maxillary nerve block. This procedure has some complications such as proptosis, blindness, and intravascular injection. This study aimed to determine the mean greater palatine canal length (CL) and its typical anatomic routes, as well as provide a reliable facial index for computing the CL by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3731953PMC
March 2013
11 Reads

Supraorbital and infraorbital nerve blockade in migraine patients: results of 6-month clinical follow-up.

Authors:
S Ilhan Alp R Alp

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013 Jul;17(13):1778-81

Department of Neurology, Corlu State Hospital, Tekirdag, Turkey.

Background: Nerve blockades are used for the treatment of acute migraine episodes in emergency room conditions and beneficial results are obtained from this clinical use. Although this is the case, there are limited numbers of studies investigating the long-term effects of such an approach.

Patients And Methods: In this investigation, we had 26 patients diagnosed as migraine based on the ICHD II criteria, these were injected with 1% lidocaine at supraorbital and infraorbital nerve localizations and clinical results were evaluated after 6 months of follow-up. Read More

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July 2013
8 Reads

Lacrimal neuralgia: so far, a missing cranial neuralgia.

Cephalalgia 2013 Oct 14;33(14):1198-202. Epub 2013 May 14.

Neurology Department of Fundación Alcorcón University Hospital, Alcorcón, Spain.

Background: The lacrimal nerve supplies the lacrimal gland, the lateral upper eyelid, and a small cutaneous area adjacent to the external CANTHUS . First division trigeminal neuralgia, supraorbital/supratrochlear neuralgia, and infraorbital neuralgia have been acknowledged as neuralgic causes of pain in the forehead and periorbit. However, the lacrimal nerve has never been identified as a source of facial pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102413488000DOI Listing
October 2013
99 Reads