2,481 results match your criteria Nephrosclerosis


Mortality patterns in patients with diabetes mellitus at a Nigerian tertiary hospital: A 10-Year autopsy study.

Niger Postgrad Med J 2020 Apr-Jun;27(2):83-86

Department of Pathology, University College Hospital; Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a global health problem with associated high morbidity and mortality. This study was a retrospective review of post-mortem examination findings of hospitalised patients with DM for causes of death.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional autopsy review of all the patients with DM in our hospital between January 2008 and December 2017 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/npmj.npmj_160_19DOI Listing

Time-averaged proteinuria during follow-up and renal prognosis in patients with biopsy-proven benign nephrosclerosis.

Clin Exp Nephrol 2020 Apr 9. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8, Nishi-shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan.

Background: Heavy proteinuria at diagnostic renal biopsy has been reported as an independent risk factor for deteriorating renal function in benign nephrosclerosis (BNS). However, studies investigating the relationship between the amount of proteinuria during follow-up and long-term renal prognosis in BNS are limited. This study aimed to assess the relationship between time-averaged proteinuria (TAP) and renal prognosis in BNS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10157-020-01885-wDOI Listing

Clinical value of multiorgan damage in hypertensive crises: A prospective follow-up study.

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2020 May 9;22(5):914-923. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Nephrology, Ruijin Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Hypertensive crises are associated with high rates of target organ complications and poor outcomes. A recent shift from the definition of malignant hypertension to hypertension-multiorgan damage (MOD) contributes to the diagnosis and management of hypertensive crises. Here, we prospectively included 166 adult (≥18 years old) patients with hypertensive crises (blood pressure >180/120 mm Hg). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jch.13848DOI Listing

Clinical Phenotypes and Long-term Prognosis in White Patients With Biopsy-Verified Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis.

Kidney Int Rep 2020 Mar 27;5(3):339-347. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Introduction: Hypertensive nephrosclerosis is considered the second most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but it is still an insufficiently studied and controversial disease entity. More information on the phenotype and prognosis is needed to improve clinical diagnostics and treatment.

Methods: We included all Norwegian patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) referred for kidney biopsy between 1988 and 2012 whose clinical presentation was consistent with, but not primarily suspicious for, hypertensive nephrosclerosis (n = 4920); follow-up continued until 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2019.12.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7056866PMC

Pharmacokinetics of dasatinib in a hemodialysis patient with chronic myeloid leukemia and chronic kidney disease.

Int J Hematol 2020 Mar 9. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Hematology, Nephrology, and Rheumatology, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan.

Until now, no studies have addressed the use of dasatinib in hemodialysis patients. Herein, we report the case of a 73-year-old hemodialysis patient with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who was treated with dasatinib. For 5 years prior, the patient had received nilotinib for the treatment of CML. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-020-02846-5DOI Listing

Detecting Proteomic Indicators to Distinguish Diabetic Nephropathy from Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis by Integrating Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging with High-Mass Accuracy Mass Spectrometry.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2020 14;45(2):233-248. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Clinical Proteomics and Metabolomics Unit, University of Milano-Bicocca, Vedano al Lambro, Italy,

Introduction: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) and hypertensive nephrosclerosis (HN) represent the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and many patients progress to -end-stage renal disease. Patients are treated primarily through the management of cardiovas-cular risk factors and hypertension; however patients with HN have a more favorable outcome. A noninvasive clinical approach to separate these two entities, especially in hypertensive patients who also have diabetes, would allow for targeted treatment and more appropriate resource allocation to those patients at the highest risk of CKD progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505187DOI Listing
February 2020

Does established vascular kidney disease exist?

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2020 Feb 31;22(2):296-298. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Clinica Medica, Università Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jch.13818DOI Listing
February 2020

Kidney Structural Features from Living Donors Predict Graft Failure in the Recipient.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2020 Feb 23;31(2):415-423. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension,

Background: Nephrosclerosis, nephron size, and nephron number vary among kidneys transplanted from living donors. However, whether these structural features predict kidney transplant recipient outcomes is unclear.

Methods: Our study used computed tomography (CT) and implantation biopsy to investigate donated kidney features as predictors of death-censored graft failure at three transplant centers participating in the Aging Kidney Anatomy study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2019090964DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7003295PMC
February 2020

Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Glomerular C4d Staining in Native Kidney Biopsies.

Kidney Int Rep 2019 Nov 30;4(11):1555-1567. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Introduction: Routine C4d staining in renal transplantation has stimulated its use in kidney biopsies with glomerulonephritis (GN). Methodical description on staining patterns in the native kidney is not available.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated C4d staining in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections from 519 native kidney biopsies (bx) with and without glomerular disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2019.07.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6933466PMC
November 2019

Premature vascular disease in young adult stroke: a pathology-based case series.

J Neurol 2020 Apr 18;267(4):1063-1069. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

Introduction: The prevalence of modifiable vascular risk factors is increasing in young adults and may contribute to the growing frequency of stroke in this population. The neuropathology and end-organ damage profile of young adult stroke patients with clinically advanced atherosclerosis or arteriosclerosis has not been studied.

Methods: This retrospective study included patients aged 18-60 years admitted to our hospital from 1995 to 2017 with recurrent ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes, fatal stroke, or stroke associated with advanced small vessel disease (SVD) on brain MRI, who had no evidence for structural, genetic, inflammatory, or infectious etiology for stroke, and had adequate pathological materials available for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-019-09623-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7125011PMC

Correlations Between Interleukin-11 Expression and Hypertensive Kidney Injury in a Rat Model of Renovascular Hypertension.

Am J Hypertens 2020 Apr;33(4):331-340

Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, University Hospital of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a pleiotropic cytokine of the interleukin-6 family. Recent studies revealed its crucial role in the development of cardiovascular fibrosis. In this study we examined IL-11 expression levels in the heart and the kidney exposed to high blood pressure in renovascular hypertensive rats and their correlations to fibrotic markers and kidney injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpz194DOI Listing

Urinary biomarkers of latent inflammation and fibrosis in children with vesicoureteral reflux.

Int Urol Nephrol 2020 Apr 12;52(4):603-610. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Pathophysiology, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To investigate the urinary levels of TGF-β1, VEGF, and MCP-1 as potential biomarkers of latent inflammation and fibrosis in the kidney before and 6 months after correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children.

Methods: A total of 88 patients (mean age 26 months) with VUR were divided into three groups: group A-patients with grades II-III VUR, conservative treatment; group B-patients with grades III-V VUR, endoscopic correction of VUR; group C-patients with grades III-V VUR, ureteral reimplantation after failed endoscopic correction. Control group included 20 healthy children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-019-02357-1DOI Listing

BP Fluctuations and the Real-Time Dynamics of Renal Blood Flow Responses in Conscious Rats.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2020 Feb 2;31(2):324-336. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center and.

Background: Renal autoregulation maintains stable renal function despite BP fluctuations and protects glomerular capillaries from hypertensive injury. However, real-time dynamics of renal autoregulation in conscious animals have not been characterized.

Methods: To develop novel analytic methods for assessing renal autoregulation, we recorded concurrent BP and renal blood flow in conscious rats, comparing animals with renal autoregulation that was intact versus impaired (from 3/4 nephrectomy), before and after additional impairment (from the calcium channel blocker amlodipine). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2019070718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7003298PMC
February 2020

Successful Implementation of Unmanned Aircraft Use for Delivery of a Human Organ for Transplantation.

Ann Surg 2019 Oct 28. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

University of Maryland Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Test Site, College Park, Maryland.

Objective: To understand and overcome the challenges associated with moving life-urgent payloads using unmanned aircraft.

Background Data: Organ transportation has not been substantially innovated in the last 60 years. Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS; ie, drones) have the potential to reduce system inefficiencies and improve access to transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000003630DOI Listing
October 2019

Progressive Nephron Loss in Aging Kidneys: Clinical-Structural Associations Investigated by Two Anatomical Methods.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2019 Oct 9. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Cardiovascular Disease Program, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Two major studies of structural changes associated with aging in human kidneys are reviewed and new information presented. The studies are the Monash University stereologically analyzed series of 319 autopsy kidneys from the United States in which 44% were white and the Mayo Clinic CT angiogram/biopsy analysis of 1,388 US kidney donors in which 97% were white. Hypertension rates in the Monash series were 48% and included moderate and severe hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24249DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Interleukin 17A Participates in Renal Inflammation Associated to Experimental and Human Hypertension.

Front Pharmacol 2019 13;10:1015. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Cellular Biology in Renal Diseases Laboratory, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Hypertension is now considered as an inflammatory disease, and the kidney is a key end-organ target. Experimental and clinical studies suggest that interleukin 17A (IL-17A) is a promising therapeutic target in immune and chronic inflammatory diseases, including hypertension and kidney disease. Elevated circulating IL-17A levels have been observed in hypertensive patients. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fphar.2019.01015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.01015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6753390PMC
September 2019
4 Reads

Glomerular solidification is associated with nephritis-related clinical parameters in IgA nephropathy.

Ren Fail 2019 Nov;41(1):893-898

Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical University , Saitama , Japan.

Two types of global glomerulosclerosis, glomerular obsolescence and solidification, have been identified. A clinicopathological correlation between these glomerular changes and hypertensive nephrosclerosis has been reported; however, clinicopathological correlations with other kidney diseases are unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the two glomerulosclerosis types and the clinical IgA nephropathy presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0886022X.2019.1665545DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7011875PMC
November 2019
2 Reads

Novel Haplotype Indicator for End-Stage Renal Disease Progression among Saudi Patients.

Int J Nephrol 2019 22;2019:1095215. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Background: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the result of hypertensive nephrosclerosis and chronic glomerular diseases and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. There are strong heritable components in the manifestation of the disease with a genetic predisposition to renal disorders, including focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and arterionephrosclerosis. Recent studies in genetics have examined modifiable risk factors that contribute to renal disease, and this has provided a deep insight into progressive kidney disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1095215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6724424PMC
August 2019
3 Reads

Long-term patient follow-up after post-kidney transplant symptomatic lymphocele therapy.

Rozhl Chir 2019 ;98(8):321-325

Introduction: Symptomatic lymphocele could impair the function of a graft kidney. The aim of our research was to conduct a five-year follow-up after symptomatic lymphocele therapy.

Methods: Overall 50 patients undergoing the therapy of symptomatic lymphocele were enrolled in the study cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33699/PIS.2019.98.8.321-325DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Development and validation of a new prediction model for graft function using preoperative marginal factors in living-donor kidney transplantation.

Clin Exp Nephrol 2019 Nov 23;23(11):1331-1340. Epub 2019 Aug 23.

Department of Urology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Recently, living-donor kidney transplantation from marginal donors has been increasing. However, a simple prediction model for graft function including preoperative marginal factors is limited. Here, we developed and validated a new prediction model for graft function using preoperative marginal factors in living-donor kidney transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10157-019-01774-xDOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read
1.708 Impact Factor

Non-Diabetic Kidney Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-11-Year Experience from a Single Center.

Med Arch 2019 Apr;73(2):87-91

Department of Endocrinology, Internal Medicine Clinic, University Clinical Center of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Introduction: In patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD) can also occurs, as well as diabetic nephropathy. NDRD is most accurately diagnosed using kidney biopsy.

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence and type of NDRD diagnosed by kidney biopsy in patients with type 2 DM and the correlation of clinical and laboratory findings with histopathological diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2019.73.87-91DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6643338PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

The Key Role of Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) in Hypertensive Kidney Disease.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 07 21;20(14). Epub 2019 Jul 21.

Hypertension Unit, Department of Medicine-DIMED, University Hospital, 35128 Padova, Italy.

Accumulating evidence indicates that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), originally described as a key process for organ development and metastasis budding in cancer, plays a key role in the development of renal fibrosis in several diseases, including hypertensive nephroangiosclerosis. We herein reviewed the concept of EMT and its role in renal diseases, with particular focus on hypertensive kidney disease, the second leading cause of end-stage renal disease after diabetes mellitus. After discussing the pathophysiology of hypertensive nephropathy, the 'classic' view of hypertensive nephrosclerosis entailing hyalinization, and sclerosis of interlobular and afferent arterioles, we examined the changes occurring in the glomerulus and tubulo-interstitium and the studies that investigated the role of EMT and its molecular mechanisms in hypertensive kidney disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20143567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6679134PMC
July 2019
1 Read

The effect of hemodialysis on ocular changes in patients with the end-stage renal disease.

Ren Fail 2019 Nov;41(1):629-635

c Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin Medical University Eye Institute , Tianjin , China.

Numerous metabolic parameters can be changed during hemodialysis in the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) caused by systemic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension. Some ocular parameters also can be variable due to the changes after hemodialysis. This study evaluates the effects of ocular parameters, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), central macular thickness (CMT), subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), retinal arteriolar caliber (RAC), retinal venular calibre (RVC), in ESRD patients following hemodialysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0886022X.2019.1635494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6609354PMC
November 2019
4 Reads
0.775 Impact Factor

Peritonitis due to Moraxella osloensis: A case report and literature review.

J Infect Chemother 2019 Dec 10;25(12):1050-1052. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Department of Nephrology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, Japan.

A-26-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with diffuse abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. He had a history of malignant nephrosclerosis, for which he had been receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the past 14 months. His PD effluent was cloudy and turbid (white blood cell count, 10,528/μL; neutrophils 95. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2019.05.018DOI Listing
December 2019
10 Reads

Effects of Sustained-Release Beraprost in Patients With Primary Glomerular Disease or Nephrosclerosis: CASSIOPEIR Study Results.

Ther Apher Dial 2020 Feb 28;24(1):42-55. Epub 2019 Jul 28.

The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

TRK-100STP, a sustained-release preparation of the orally active prostacyclin analogue beraprost sodium, targets renal hypoxia. This study aimed to show the superiority of TRK-100STP over placebos in patients with chronic kidney disease (with either primary glomerular disease or nephrosclerosis) to determine the recommended dose. CASSIOPEIR (Chronic Renal Failure Asian Study with Oral PGI Derivative for Evaluating Improvement of Renal Function) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted at 160 sites in seven Asia-Pacific countries and regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-9987.12840DOI Listing
February 2020
17 Reads

Aging Vs. Hypertension: An Autopsy Study of Sclerotic Renal Histopathological Lesions in Adults With Normal Renal Function.

Am J Hypertens 2019 06;32(7):676-683

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Minato City, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Aims: Arterial hypertension and glomerular ischemia coexist in elderly patients with hypertension. Thus, 2 conflicting therapeutic purposes, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpz040DOI Listing
June 2019
10 Reads

Synergistic Impact of Diabetes and Hypertension on the Progression and Distribution of Glomerular Histopathological Lesions.

Am J Hypertens 2019 08;32(9):900-908

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Diabetes and hypertension share renal histopathological features, such as arterial lesions and glomerular hypertrophy, that have not been investigated in relation to the blood pressure status of diabetic subjects. The severity of glomerular lesions varies across locations of the renal cortex, which may be further affected by diabetes and/or hypertension.

Methods: Histopathological lesions in different parts of the renal cortex of autopsy kidneys were evaluated and analyzed based on medical histories of diabetes and hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpz059DOI Listing
August 2019
11 Reads

Current status of vascular access in Japan-from Dialysis Access Symposium 2017.

Authors:
Mizuya Fukasawa

J Vasc Access 2019 May;20(1_suppl):38-44

Division of Integrated Renal Replacement Therapy, University of Yamanashi, Chūō, Yamanashi, Japan.

At the second Dialysis Access Symposium held in Nagoya, Japan, a proposal was made to investigate the differences in vascular access methods used in different countries. In this article, we describe the management of vascular access in Japan. The Japanese population is rapidly aging, and the proportion of elderly patients on dialysis is also increasing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1129729818762982DOI Listing
May 2019
33 Reads

In vivo selective inhibition of TRPC6 by antagonist BI 749327 ameliorates fibrosis and dysfunction in cardiac and renal disease.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 05 26;116(20):10156-10161. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

Cardiometabolic Diseases Research, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ridgefield, CT 06877;

Transient receptor potential canonical type 6 (TRPC6) is a nonselective receptor-operated cation channel that regulates reactive fibrosis and growth signaling. Increased TRPC6 activity from enhanced gene expression or gain-of-function mutations contribute to cardiac and/or renal disease. Despite evidence supporting a pathophysiological role, no orally bioavailable selective TRPC6 inhibitor has yet been developed and tested in vivo in disease models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1815354116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6525474PMC
May 2019
5 Reads
9.809 Impact Factor

Value of renal gene panel diagnostics in adults waiting for kidney transplantation due to undetermined end-stage renal disease.

Kidney Int 2019 Jul 15;96(1):222-230. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address:

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) of undetermined etiology is highly prevalent and constitutes a significant clinical challenge, particularly in the context of kidney transplantation (KT). Despite the identification of numerous rare hereditary nephropathies over the last few decades, patients with undetermined ESRD are not being systematically investigated for rare genetic causes in clinical practice. To address this, we utilized mutation analysis in patients on the kidney transplant waitlist and scrutinized underlying renal diagnoses of 142 patients in a single center KT-waitlist. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00852538193018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2019.01.038DOI Listing
July 2019
22 Reads

The Impact of APOL1 on Chronic Kidney Disease and Hypertension.

Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 2019 03;26(2):131-136

Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Nephrology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC. Electronic address:

Essential hypertension is a clinical diagnosis based on the presence of an elevated systemic blood pressure on physical examination without a clear inciting cause. It has multiple etiologies and is not a homogeneous disorder. Hypertension contributes to the development and progression of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, and antihypertensive treatment reduces the risk of fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and congestive heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ackd.2019.01.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6601639PMC
March 2019
9 Reads

Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis in Two Patients Following Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 24;20:587-591. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Piedmont Transplant Institute, Piedmont Hospital, Atlanta, GA, USA.

BACKGROUND Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) is a well-known cause of renal injury. This disease is caused by a prior infection with specific nephritogenic strains of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus resulting in formation of immune complexes in the glomeruli. Clinical presentation can range from asymptomatic, microscopic hematuria to the nephritic syndrome which is defined by red to brown urine, nephrotic range proteinuria, edema, hypertension, and acute kidney injury. Read More

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https://www.amjcaserep.com/abstract/index/idArt/914304
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.914304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6501732PMC
April 2019
14 Reads

A Case of Rheumatoid Arthritis Presenting with Renal Thrombotic Microangiopathy Probably due to a Combination of Chronic Tacrolimus Arteriolopathy and Severe Hypertension.

Case Rep Nephrol 2019 6;2019:3923190. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

A 51-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis presented with mild hypertension 20 months after tacrolimus treatment and developing proteinuria 24 months after the treatment. Tacrolimus was discontinued 27 months after the treatment, followed by heavy proteinuria, accelerated hypertension, and deteriorating renal function without ocular fundus lesions as a clinical sign of malignant hypertension. Renal biopsy revealed malignant nephrosclerosis characterized by subacute and chronic thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), involving small arteries, arterioles, and glomeruli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3923190DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431373PMC
March 2019
13 Reads

Peritoneal Dialysis and Malignancy: An Experience With a Patient Complicated by Gastric Carcinoma.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2019 12;12:1179547619835176. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan.

An 86-year-old man who had been treated with peritoneal dialysis for 14°months due to end-stage kidney disease secondary to hypertensive nephrosclerosis presented with a recent history of malaise, abdominal discomfort, and anorexia. An endoscopic evaluation revealed an elevated, ulcerated, and friable lesion around the lesser curvature of the stomach. The concurrent gastric biopsy specimens revealed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, while a cytological examination of the dialysis fluid revealed clusters of malignant cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179547619835176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415473PMC
March 2019
12 Reads

Higher rates of rejection in HIV-infected kidney transplant recipients on ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors: 3-year follow-up study.

Clin Transplant 2019 06 3;33(6):e13534. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York.

Rejection rates in HIV-infected kidney transplant (KTx) recipients are higher than HIV-negative recipients. Immunosuppression and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) protocols vary with potentially significant drug-drug interactions, likely influencing outcomes. This is an IRB-approved, single-center, retrospective study of adult HIV-infected KTx patients between 5/2009 and 12/2014 with 3-year follow-up, excluding antibody-depleting induction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13534DOI Listing
June 2019
25 Reads

Pathogenic role of angiotensin II and the NF-κB system in a model of malignant hypertensive nephrosclerosis.

Hypertens Res 2019 06 26;42(6):779-789. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Renal Division, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

We previously reported that rats treated with an NF-κB inhibitor, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), during lactation developed hypertension in adult life, without apparent functional or structural damage to kidneys, providing a new model of essential hypertension. Here, we investigated whether uninephrectomy associated with salt overload would unveil a latent renal dysfunction in this model, aggravating arterial hypertension and promoting renal injury. Male Munich-Wistar rat pups received PDTC from maternal milk (PDTC) from 0 to 20 days after birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41440-019-0226-6DOI Listing
June 2019
13 Reads

Knockout of receptor for advanced glycation end-products attenuates age-related renal lesions.

Aging Cell 2019 04 22;18(2):e12850. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

U995 - Lille Inflammation Research International Center, INSERM, CHU Lille, University of Lille, Lille, France.

Pro-aging effects of endogenous advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have been reported, and there is increasing interest in the pro-inflammatory and -fibrotic effects of their binding to RAGE (the main AGE receptor). The role of dietary AGEs in aging remains ill-defined, but the predominantly renal accumulation of dietary carboxymethyllysine (CML) suggests the kidneys may be particularly affected. We studied the impact of RAGE invalidation and a CML-enriched diet on renal aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acel.12850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413655PMC
April 2019
10 Reads

Gene Expression Studies and Targeted Metabolomics Reveal Disturbed Serine, Methionine, and Tyrosine Metabolism in Early Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis.

Kidney Int Rep 2019 Feb 17;4(2):321-333. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Introduction: Hypertensive nephrosclerosis is among the leading causes of end-stage renal disease, but its pathophysiology is poorly understood. We wanted to explore early metabolic changes using gene expression and targeted metabolomics analysis.

Methods: We analyzed gene expression in kidneys biopsied from 20 patients with nephrosclerosis and 31 healthy controls with an Affymetrix array. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2018.10.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365407PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

The spectrum of kidney biopsy findings in patients with morbid obesity.

Kidney Int 2019 03 31;95(3):647-654. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Division of Renal Pathology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Morbid obesity, defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m, affects approximately 8% of United States adults and is a recognized risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). We present the first focused biopsy-based study exploring the range of kidney diseases in this population. Among 3263 native kidney biopsies interpreted at Columbia University in 2017, we identified 248 biopsies from morbidly obese patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2018.11.026DOI Listing
March 2019
35 Reads

Amplified Association Between Blood Pressure and Albuminuria in Overweight Patients With Biopsy-Proven Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis.

Am J Hypertens 2019 04;32(5):486-491

Department of Nephrology and Laboratory Medicine, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.

Background: An overweight person is at high risk for hypertensive renal damage. The effect of weight on the association between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and albuminuria remains unknown in patients with histologically diagnosed hypertensive nephrosclerosis.

Methods: A total of 97 patients with biopsy-confirmed hypertensive nephrosclerosis were recruited from 13 centers throughout Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpz010DOI Listing
April 2019
14 Reads

Pulse Granulomas in Interval Appendectomy Specimens: Histochemical Identification of Cellulose Matter.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2018 Sep-Dec;12(3):765-772. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Pathology, Dokkyo Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Koshigaya, Japan.

Pulse granuloma is a rare pathologic condition considered to be a benign inflammatory reaction to foreign materials originated from ingested legume matter. As for pulse granulomas of the gastrointestinal tract, association with diverticular diseases is relatively common, but only a few pulse granuloma cases associated with appendicitis have been reported. This report presents histopathologic findings of pulse granuloma lesions observed in two appendectomy cases, with some histochemical examinations of cellulose matter which is reportedly a major component to provoke pulse granuloma reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495318DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341352PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Larger nephron size, low nephron number, and nephrosclerosis on biopsy as predictors of kidney function after donating a kidney.

Am J Transplant 2019 07 1;19(7):1989-1998. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

It is unclear whether structural findings in the kidneys of living kidney donors predict postdonation kidney function. We studied living kidney donors who had a kidney biopsy during donation. Nephron size was measured by glomerular volume, cortex volume per glomerulus, and mean cross-sectional tubular area. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ajt.15259
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajt.15259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6591036PMC
July 2019
24 Reads

Hepatitis C virus antibodies in outpatients with chronic kidney disease.

Clin Exp Hepatol 2018 Dec 3;4(4):267-270. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department Internal Medicine II of Slovak Medical University, F.D. Roosevelt University Hospital, Banská Bystrica, Slovak Republic.

Aim Of The Study: To determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in outpatients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) attending a nephrology clinic.

Material And Methods: Prospective observational study on consecutive outpatients attending a nephrology clinic. Inclusion criteria were age > 18 years, CKD, informed consent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/ceh.2018.80129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311740PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

MiR-192-5p in the Kidney Protects Against the Development of Hypertension.

Hypertension 2019 02;73(2):399-406

From the Department of Physiology, Center of Systems Molecular Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (M.A.B., F.W., Y.L., A.J.K., A.M.G., K.U., H.X., D.W., Y.K., M.L.).

MicroRNA miR-192-5p is one of the most abundant microRNAs in the kidney and targets the mRNA for ATP1B1 (β1 subunit of Na/K-ATPase). Na/K-ATPase drives renal tubular reabsorption. We hypothesized that miR-192-5p in the kidney would protect against the development of hypertension. Read More

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https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.118.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.118.11875DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339564PMC
February 2019
42 Reads

Urinary mitochondrial DNA level as a biomarker of tissue injury in non-diabetic chronic kidney diseases.

BMC Nephrol 2018 12 19;19(1):367. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Carol & Richard Yu Peritoneal Dialysis Research Centre, Departmentof Medicine & Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Urinary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) fragment level has been proposed as a biomarker of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we determine the relation between urinary mtDNA level and rate of renal function deterioration in non-diabetic CKD.

Methods: We recruited 102 non-diabetic CKD patients (43 with kidney biopsy that showed non-specific nephrosclerosis). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-018-1178-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299980PMC
December 2018
31 Reads
1.520 Impact Factor

Systemic Sarcoidosis Presenting with Renal Involvement Caused by Various Sarcoidosis-associated Pathophysiological Conditions.

Intern Med 2019 Mar 19;58(5):679-684. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Nephrology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University, Japan.

A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with sarcoidosis involving the lungs, eyes, parotid gland and extrathoracic lymph nodes complicated by chronic kidney injury and hypercalcemia. Kidney biopsy showed non-specific interstitial nephritis and nephrosclerosis. However, immunohistochemical staining of cell surface markers revealed a multinucleated giant macrophage surrounded by T-cells, suggesting granulomatous interstitial nephritis. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/internalmedicine/advpub
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.1558-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443549PMC
March 2019
63 Reads

Volume Ratio of Glomerular Tufts to Bowman Capsules and Renal Outcomes in Nephrosclerosis.

Am J Hypertens 2019 01;32(1):45-53

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The concomitant appearance of glomerular collapse and enlargement is characteristic of the histological findings in nephrosclerosis. However, no previous study quantitatively examined the clinicopathological significance of this feature in patients with biopsy-proven nephrosclerosis.

Methods: Renal biopsy specimens and follow-up data from nephrosclerosis patients with estimated glomerular filtration rates >30 ml/min/1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpy147DOI Listing
January 2019
45 Reads

Klotho Ameliorates Medullary Fibrosis and Pressure Natriuresis in Hypertensive Rat Kidneys.

Hypertension 2018 11;72(5):1151-1159

Department of Nephrology, Saitama Medical University, Iruma, Japan (T.I., T.M., H.S.).

Renal expression of klotho is reduced in hypertension. Experiments were performed to examine whether exogenous klotho protein supplementation ameliorates pressure natriuresis in early phase of hypertension, using stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (sp-SHR). The interactions between klotho protein and renal renin-Ang (angiotensin) system were examined with immunoprecipitation and cell culture methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.118.11176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247804PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Autopsy Patients With Obesity or Metabolic Syndrome as Basic Cause of Death: Are There Pathological Differences Between These Groups?

Clin Med Insights Pathol 2018 30;11:1179555718791575. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine of Botucatu, São Paulo State University, FMB-UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil.

Background: The objectives of this study were the evaluation of pathological characteristics of patients with obesity or metabolic syndrome (MS) as basic cause of death, associating the autopsy findings with some clinical aspects and the abdominal adipose panicle thickness.

Methods: A total of 88 autopsy cases were studied, divided into 2 groups based on the main cause of death: group 1 (n = 15) obesity and group 2 (n = 73) MS. Clinical summaries of autopsy requests, macroscopic findings, and histologic sections were reviewed. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1179555718791575
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179555718791575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066805PMC
July 2018
26 Reads