22,388 results match your criteria Nephritis Interstitial


Acute Interstitial Nephritis in a Patient with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer under Immunotherapy with Nivolumab.

Case Rep Nephrol 2019 15;2019:3614980. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Section of Nephrology and Hypertension, 1st Department of Medicine, AHEPA Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Immune-checkpoint-inhibitors (ICPIs) represent a novel class of immunotherapy against several malignancies. These agents are associated with several "immune-mediated" adverse effects, but the reported renal toxicity of ICPIs is less well defined. We present the case of a 60-year-old man with a history of non-small cell lung cancer, who developed acute kidney injury (AKI) approximately 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3614980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350541PMC
January 2019

Bullous Pemphigoid with Atypical Skin Lesions and Acute Interstitial Nephritis: A Case Report and Focused Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 18;20:212-218. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.

BACKGROUND The hallmark of bullous pemphigoid (BP) is widespread tense blisters arising on normal or erythematous skin, often with marked pruritus, the diagnosis of which is confirmed by direct immunofluorescence (DIF). BP is an autoimmune process that can be induced, though rarely, by medications. Drug-induced BP often has atypical clinical presentation, which requires a good understanding of other dermatological conditions with similar presentations, in particular, bullous subtype of erythema multiforme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911422DOI Listing
February 2019

Pattern of Anaemia in Chronic Kidney Disease.

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):1-7

Dr Mohammad Omar Faruque Miah, Senior Clinical Pathologist, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Bangladesh is increasing. Chronic kidney disease refers to an irreversible deterioration in renal function which classically develops over a period of years. Initially, it manifest's only as a biochemical abnormality. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Renal toxicities associated with pembrolizumab.

Clin Kidney J 2019 Feb 9;12(1):81-88. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Pathology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, Paris, France.

Objective: Expanded clinical experience with patients treated by pembrolizumab has accumulated. However, renal toxicities associated with this anti-programmed cell death 1 agent are poorly described because kidney histology is rarely sought. As a nephrology referral centre, we aimed to describe the clinic-biological and histopathological characteristics of pembrolizumab-related nephropathy and its response to treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfy100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366307PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Pembrolizumab-related renal toxicities: diagnosis first, treatment later.

Authors:
Ben Sprangers

Clin Kidney J 2019 Feb 1;12(1):78-80. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Laboratory of Experimental Transplantation, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Checkpoint inhibitors are increasingly used to treat different types of malignancy and have been associated with renal toxicities. In this issue, Izzedine report on the incidence of pembrolizumab-associated renal toxicity in a French single-centre nephrology referral centre. They report an estimated incidence of pembrolizumab-related renal toxicities of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfy114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366137PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis caused by rifampicin: An increasing and often overlooked side effect in elderly patients
.

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Background: There are many side effects of antituberculous drugs, however, renal failure is relatively rare. Therefore, this side effect is thought to be unrecognized by most physicians. We experienced one case of acute renal failure caused by antituberculous therapy (rifampicin). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CP203287DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Vancomycin-associated Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DIHS).

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address:

Background: While hypersensitivity reactions are well-characterized for certain medications, vancomycin-associated drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), or drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), has yet to be defined.

Objective: To better define the clinical phenotype of vancomycin-associated DIHS.

Methods: A retrospective case series was conducted over an 8-year period at a single, academic institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Severe acute interstitial nephritis induced by valsartan: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14428

Department of Nephrology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Rationale: Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) can increase serum creatinine or potassium levels in patients with renal insufficiency, renal artery stenosis, heart failure or hypovolemia, but hardly cause severe kidney injury in patients without any risk factors. A case of severe acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) induced by valsartan was reported here.

Patient Concerns: A 62-year-old female with nausea for 1 month and acute deterioration of kidney function for 2 weeks was admitted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014428DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Reversible SAHH inhibitor protects against glomerulonephritis in lupus-prone mice by downregulating renal α-actinin-4 expression and stabilizing integrin-cytoskeleton linkage.

Arthritis Res Ther 2019 Jan 29;21(1):40. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Laboratory of Immunopharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201203, China.

Background: Glomerulonephritis is one of the major complications and causes of death in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is characterized by glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy, along with severe persistent proteinuria. DZ2002 is a reversible S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (SAHH) inhibitor with potent therapeutic activity against lupus nephritis in mice. However, the molecular events underlying the renal protective effects of DZ2002 remained unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13075-019-1820-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352376PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Leptospira interrogans serogroup Pomona serovar Kennewicki infection in two sheep flocks with acute leptospirosis in Uruguay.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2019 Jan 26. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Unidad Mixta Pasteur + INIA (UMPI), Institut Pasteur de Montevideo, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Acute leptospirosis is an infrequent disease in sheep that can cause jaundice, haemolysis, haemoglobinuria, hepatitis and nephritis. In most reports the diagnoses have been made by clinical, pathological or serological evidence without isolation or direct identification of the agent. Here, we report one confirmed and one presumptive outbreak of acute leptospirosis in suckling lambs from two unrelated sheep farms in Uruguay with mortalities of 9/60 (15%) and 9/163 (5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13133DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Noninvasive diagnosis of primary membranous nephropathy using phospholipase A2 receptor antibodies.

Kidney Int 2019 Feb;95(2):429-438

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. Electronic address:

Kidney biopsy is the gold standard to diagnose membranous nephropathy (MN). Approximately 70%-80% of patients with primary MN have anti-phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) antibodies. We hypothesized that PLA2R antibody testing without kidney biopsy may be a valid strategy to make a non-invasive diagnosis of MN in patients with a negative work-up for secondary causes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2018.10.021DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Granulomatous interstitial nephritis on renal biopsy in HIV positive patients: prevalence and causes in Cape Town, South Africa.

Nephrology (Carlton) 2019 Jan 20. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.

Introduction: South Africa continues to be burdened by human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] and tuberculosis [TB]. In Cape Town, the epidemic of HIV-TB co-infection is as high as 70%. Granulomatous interstitial nephritis [GIN] has increased in frequency on renal biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nep.13564DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Prospective Biopsy-Based Study of Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Etiology in Sri Lanka.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Kandy Teaching Hospital, Kandy, Sri Lanka.

Background And Objectives: A kidney disease of unknown cause is common in Sri Lanka's lowland (dry) region. Detailed clinical characterizations of patients with biopsy-proven disease are limited, and there is no current consensus on criteria for a noninvasive diagnosis.

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: We designed a prospective study in a major Sri Lankan hospital servicing endemic areas to ascertain pathologic and clinical characteristics of and assess risk factors for primary tubulointerstitial kidney disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2215/CJN.07430618DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads
4.613 Impact Factor

Rapid decline of renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes with heavy proteinuria: a report of three cases.

BMC Nephrol 2019 Jan 16;20(1):22. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Nephrology, Serdang Hospital, 43400, Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Although there is a large volume of literature regarding the definition and epidemiology of. Type 2 diabetes nephropathy (T2DN). There has been a paucity of data focused on the rate of transition of T2 DN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1203-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335779PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
1.520 Impact Factor

Bear Paw Sign: Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Nov 30;12(11):18-24. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Urology, Hospital Universitario Sanitas La Moraleja, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Spain.

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare form of chronic pyelonephritis in which the involved areas of the kidneys are destroyed and replaced by foam cells. It usually occurs in immunocompromised middle-aged females with ureteral obstruction or chronic urinary tract infection induced by the formation of renal stones. We herein report the case of a 44-year-old woman, with a history of left kidney staghorn calculi and recurrent urinary tract infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i11.3415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312122PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Allopurinol-induced Drug Reactions with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms Syndrome with Interstitial Nephritis.

Indian J Nephrol 2018 Nov-Dec;28(6):477-481

Laboratory of Pathology Souss, Agadir, Morocco.

Allopurinol-induced drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a severe illness related to hypersensitivity syndrome characterized by fever, skin rash, lymph node enlargement, hematological abnormalities, especially eosinophilia and atypical lymphocytosis, and single or multiple organ involvement. The syndrome is difficult to diagnose in view of its clinical heterogeneity and long latency period within 8 weeks after start treatment. We report a case of DRESS syndrome in a 64-year-old man, induced by allopurinol treatment for asymptomatic hyperuricemia, started 8 weeks earlier but stopped only 3 days after because of the onset of rash. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijn.IJN_166_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309396PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Treated with Vancomycin and Piperacillin-Tazobactam in Tertiary Care Hospital.

Int J Pediatr 2018 16;2018:9256528. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

College of Pharmacy, King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam (PTZ) are commonly used as empirical therapy for patients with health care associated infections. Vancomycin has been recognized as a nephrotoxic agent and in a few cases in the literature PTZ has been associated with interstitial nephritis nevertheless; the combination of these agents has routinely been used for many years. However, there have been some observational studies that showed high rates of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving vancomycin and PTZ concomitant treatment compared to patients receiving vancomycin alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9256528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311308PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Citrullinated histone H3 expression in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis in older Japanese autopsy patients.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Pathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: Neutrophil extracellular traps play key roles in the necrotizing vasculitis associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). However, the relationships between neutrophil extracellular traps formation and the distribution and phase of vasculitis are not well understood. In the present study, we clarified the clinicopathological characteristics of older AAV patients, as well as the expression of citrullinated histone H3 (citH3), a marker of neutrophil extracellular traps, in autopsied AAV patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13596DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Acute kidney injury in childhood-onset nephrotic syndrome: Incidence and risk factors in hospitalized patients.

Kidney Res Clin Pract 2018 Dec 31;37(4):347-355. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerulopathy in children. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of NS, caused by severe intravascular volume depletion, acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis, or progression of NS. However, the incidence and risk factors of childhood-onset NS in Korea are unclear. Read More

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http://www.krcp-ksn.org/journal/view.html?doi=10.23876/j.krc
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23876/j.krcp.18.0098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312784PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Telavancin-associated acute kidney injury
.

Clin Nephrol 2019 Mar;91(3):187-191

Telavancin is a lipoglycopeptide semi-synthetic derivative of vancomycin used for select infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria including . Human clinical trials suggest that telavancin is potentially nephrotoxic, however there is no histopathologic description of acute kidney injury (AKI) in humans. An animal model has recently characterized the histologic changes associated with telavancin-induced AKI as proximal tubular injury with numerous phagolysosomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CN109651DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Nephrotoxicity of immune checkpoint inhibitors beyond tubulointerstitial nephritis: single-center experience.

J Immunother Cancer 2019 Jan 6;7(1). Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Division of Internal Medicine, Section of Nephrology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Unit 1468, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Rationale & Objective: The approved therapeutic indication for immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) are rapidly expanding including treatment in the adjuvant setting, the immune related toxicities associated with CPI can limit the efficacy of these agents. The literature on the nephrotoxicity of CPI is limited. Here, we present cases of biopsy proven acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) and glomerulonephritis (GN) induced by CPIs and discuss potential mechanisms of these adverse effects. Read More

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https://jitc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40425-018-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40425-018-0478-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322290PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Case report: systemic tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis in a cat.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Jan 5;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Background: The diagnosis of previous cases of feline tuberculosis in Turkey has been made based solely on pathological changes without isolation of the causative agent. This case report details the first case of feline tuberculosis in Turkey for which the causative agent (Mycobacterium bovis) was confirmed with microbiological isolation, morphological evaluation, molecular (PCR) characterization and antibiotic sensitivity.

Case Presentation: Systemic tuberculosis was diagnosed via postmortem examination of a 5-year-old stray male cat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1759-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321719PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

BK Virus nephropathy in living donor renal allograft recipients: An observational study from a large transplant center in India.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):1366-1370

Department of Histopathology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.

BK virus is a polyoma virus which remains in latent phase in the urinary tract, particularly in the renal tubular epithelial cells. In immunosuppressed patients, it is activated and manifests as tubule-interstitial nephritis causing renal allograft dysfunction. A total of 402 patients who underwent renal allograft biopsy from 2013 to 2016 were included in this study; six patients were diagnosed to have BK virus nephropathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.248313DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A composite of urinary biomarkers for differentiating between tubulointerstitial inflammation and interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy in kidney allografts.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2018 Nov 27;22(4):310-320. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Backgrounds/aims: Compared with a single urinary biomarker, a composite of multiple urinary biomarkers may be more helpful for differentiating tubulointerstitial inflammation from interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (IFTA) in kidney allografts.

Methods: In this cross-sectional cohort study, we collected urine samples from 115 patients with for-cause biopsy, 53 patients with stable allografts, and 50 living kidney donors. We measured the urinary levels of transglutaminase 2 (TG2), syndecan-4 (SDC4), alpha 1 microglobulin (A1M), interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2018.22.4.310DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295379PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Extracellular Matrix: Alport Syndrome.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1085:197-198

Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University, Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Patients present with X-linked inheritance; Alport syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 50,000 newborns. The systemic features include progressive interstitial nephritis, renal failure by the fifth decade, and neurosensory deafness. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-95046-4_41
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95046-4_41DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

Isolated Neurogenic Bladder Associated With Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Infection in a Renal Transplant Patient From Central Australia: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 7;50(10):3940-3942. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Central Australian Renal Services, Alice Springs Hospital, Northern Territory, Australia.

Background: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is endemic amongst the Aborigines of the Northern Territory of Australia. HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) has been associated with this infection. In general population, isolated neurogenic bladder dysfunction in HTLV-1-infected individuals without HAM/TSP has been reported, and the HTLV-1 proviral load has been found to be higher in such patients compared with asymptomatic carriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.031DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Favorable evolution after medical treatment in three cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis: about 3 cases].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 23;30:233. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Service d'Urologie B, CHU Ibn Sina, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université Mohamed V Souissi, Rabat, Maroc.

Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a necrotic infection of the kidney characterized by the presence of gas within the renal parenchyma, the secretory cavities or the perirenal spaces. It is a severe condition that could be life-threatening. Patient's management remains controversial and is based either on surgery or on medical treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.223.12086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295303PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Primary respiratory disease in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: data from the Spanish rheumatology society lupus registry (RELESSER) cohort.

Arthritis Res Ther 2018 Dec 19;20(1):280. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, Vigo, Spain.

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact on mortality of primary respiratory disease in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort.

Methods: All adult patients in the RELESSER-TRANS (Registry of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], cross-sectional phase) registry were retrospectively investigated for the presence of primary pleuropulmonary manifestations.

Results: In total 3215 patients were included. Read More

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https://arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13075-018-1776-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299951PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Renal sarcoidosis: a rare case.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 14;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Internal Medicine Functional Unit 7.2, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central, Lisboa, Portugal.

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease with rare renal involvement. We describe a case of a 45-year-old female patient admitted to the hospital with severe acute kidney injury and uveitis. After clinical investigation, sarcoidosis with renal, hepatic and ocular involvement was diagnosed. Read More

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http://www.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-227023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227023DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Renal lithiasis and inflammatory bowel diseases, an update on pediatric population.

Acta Biomed 2018 Dec 17;89(9-S):76-80. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Pediatric Emergency Unit, University Hospital of Parma, Maternal and Infant Department, Parma, Italy.

Background And Aim Of The Work: Historical studies have demonstrated that the prevalence of symptomatic nephrolithiasis is higher in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), compared to general population. The aim of the review was to analyze literature data in order to identify the main risk conditions described in literature and the proposed treatment.

Methods: A research on the databases PubMed, Medline, Embase and Google Scholar was performed by using the keywords "renal calculi/lithiasis/stones" and "inflammatory bowel diseases". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v89i9-S.7908DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Acute kidney injury due to thin basement membrane disease mimicking Deferasirox nephrotoxicity: a case report.

BMC Nephrol 2018 Dec 17;19(1):363. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Cardiology and Nephrology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.

Background: Although the renal toxicity of Deferasirox, an oral iron chelator, has been reported to be mild, there have been reports of acute interstitial nephritis or Fanconi syndrome due to this agent. Thin basement membrane disease (TBMD) is a hereditary disease characterized primarily by hematuria, with gross hematuria also observed in about 7% of cases. We herein report a case of TBMD that presented with acute kidney injury and gross hematuria during treatment with Deferasirox. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-018-1180-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298017PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, kidney injury molecule-1, uromodulin, and cystatin C concentrations in an experimental rat model of ascending acute kidney injury induced by pyelonephritis.

J Physiol Pharmacol 2018 Aug 9;69(4). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Pathophysiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.

Recent evidence suggests that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), cystatin C (CysC), uromodulin (UMOD), and some interleukins (IL-6 and IL-18) can be considered as diagnostic markers of acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of four urinary (u) markers, namely uNGAL, uKIM-1, uCysC, and uUMOD, for the diagnosis of ascending AKI induced by bacterial pyelonephritis. The study included 30 female rats that were divided into three groups (n = 10 each) and were inoculated transurethrally with various doses of Escherichia coli to induce isolated pyelonephritis (group 1, 10 CFU/ml), pyelonephritis-induced AKI (group 2, 10 CFU/ml), or AKI and urosepsis (group 3, 10 CFU/ml). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26402/jpp.2018.4.13DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Eosinophilia and Kidney Disease: More than Just an Incidental Finding?

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 8;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Internal Medicine IV (Nephrology and Hypertension), Medical University Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Peripheral blood eosinophilia (PBE), defined as 500 eosinophils or above per microliter (µL) blood, is a condition that is not uncommon but often neglected in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), acute kidney injury (AKI), or patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT). The nature of PBE in the context of kidney diseases is predominantly secondary or reactive and has to be distinguished from primary eosinophilic disorders. Nonetheless, the finding of persistent PBE can be a useful clue for the differential diagnosis of underdiagnosed entities and overlapping syndromes, such as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), acute interstitial nephritis (AIN), or the hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm7120529DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306805PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Isolated end-stage renal disease in Sjögren's syndrome due to immune complex mediated glomerulonephritis.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 Dec 4;2018(12):omy109. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Nephrology, NYU Langone Health, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Renal involvement is an uncommon extra-glandular manifestation in Sjogren's syndrome (SS). We present the case of a young male who presented with nephrotic range proteinuria and advanced irreversible renal disease, with positive anti-Ro antibody (Ab) and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) with myeloperoxidase (MPO) specificity. He was initially treated with steroids for suspected ANCA vasculitis but treatment was discontinued as there was no response and renal biopsy revealed interstitial lymphocytic infiltrates, advanced glomerular disease with immune complex mediated glomerulonephritis more suspicious for SS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omy109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277814PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Population-Based Study of Risk of AKI with Levetiracetam.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2019 Jan 11;14(1):17-26. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, and Departments of

Background And Objectives: Regulatory agencies warn about the risk of AKI with levetiracetam use on the basis of information from case reports. We conducted this study to determine whether new levetiracetam use versus nonuse is associated with a higher risk of AKI.

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of adults with epilepsy in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2215/CJN.07490618DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Henoch-schonlein Purpura Nephritis with Renal Interstitial Lesions.

Open Med (Wars) 2018 27;13:597-604. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institute of Pathology, Basic Medical College of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical pathology and prognosis & outcome of Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) with renal interstitial lesions.

Methods: All 148 patients were analyzed for clinical, renal pathological, and prognostic features. Patients with no, mild, and moderate- severe renal tubulo-interstitial lesions were included in group A, B and C, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2018-0088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6272053PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

[Sjögren's Syndrome: Early diagnosis and effective treatment].

Authors:
Torsten Witte

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2018 Dec 3;143(24):1778-1782. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Klinik für Immunologie und Rheumatologie der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover.

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease affecting the salivary and lachrymal glands. The patients complain of symptoms of dry eyes and dry mouth, but up to 50 % may additionally develop extraglandular manifestations such as arthritis, vasculitis, polyneuropathy, pulmonary fibrosis or interstitial nephritis. Most therapeutic studies on the glandular manifestations of pSS failed to meet their primary endpoints, possibly since many of the patients had already advanced and irreversible disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0547-1025DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Descriptive Epidemiology of Acute Pyelonephritis in Korea, 2010-2014: Population-based Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2018 Dec 12;33(49):e310. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is one of the most common community-acquired bacterial infections. Recent increases of antimicrobial resistance in urinary pathogens might have changed the other epidemiologic characteristics of APN. The objective of this study was to describe the current epidemiology of APN in Korea, using the entire population. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2018.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e310DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262185PMC
December 2018
20 Reads

Drug Hypersensitivity Reactions Documented in Electronic Health Records within a Large Health System.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Electronic address:

Background: Hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) are immunologic responses to drugs. Identification of HSRs documented in the electronic health record (EHR) is important for patient safety.

Objective: To examine HSR epidemiology using longitudinal EHR data from a large United States health care system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2018.11.023DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Clinical markers to predict progression from acute to chronic kidney disease in Mesoamerican nephropathy.

Kidney Int 2018 Dec;94(6):1205-1216

Section of Pediatric Tropical Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA. Electronic address:

An epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown etiology, known as Mesoamerican Nephropathy (MeN), has been ongoing in Latin America for at least two decades. MeN primarily affects young adults without traditional CKD risk factors, and agricultural workers are disproportionately afflicted. We previously identified an acute phase of MeN that involves acute kidney injury (AKI) with tubulointerstitial nephritis and systemic inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2018.08.020DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Not all inflammation in a renal allograft is rejection.

Clin Case Rep 2018 Nov 23;6(11):2285-2286. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Renal Transplantation University of Florida Gainesville Florida.

High index of suspicion for adenovirus infection is required in renal graft dysfunction, especially in the setting of hematuria. Histology can mimic acute rejection, which creates a diagnostic dilemma. Tissue adenovirus immunostains, though usually reliable, may not be always positive like in our case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230630PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Tubulointerstitial Nephritis.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2019 02;66(1):111-119

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 200 North Wolfe Street, Room 3055, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) is a cause of acute kidney injury in children characterized histologically by an inflammatory cell infiltrate in the kidney interstitium. The most common causes of TIN in children include medications, infections, inflammatory disorders, and genetic conditions. TIN typically presents with nonoliguric acute kidney injury and may be associated with systemic symptoms, including fever, rash, and eosinophilia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00313955183013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2018.08.009DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

A Case of Systemic Sarcoidosis Presenting with Renal Involvement Caused by Various Sarcoidosis-associated Pathophysiological Conditions.

Intern Med 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Nephrology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University, Japan.

A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with sarcoidosis involving the lungs, eyes, parotid gland and extrathoracic lymph nodes complicated by chronic kidney injury and hypercalcemia. Kidney biopsy showed non-specific interstitial nephritis and nephrosclerosis. However, immunohistochemical staining of cell surface markers revealed a multinucleated giant macrophage surrounded by T-cells, suggesting granulomatous interstitial nephritis. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/internalmedicine/advpub
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.1558-18DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Distribution of virulence genes and their association with antimicrobial resistance among uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from Iranian patients.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Nov 15;18(1):572. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most frequent diseases encountered by humans worldwide. The presence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) harboring several virulence factors, is a major risk factor for inpatients. We sought to investigate the rate of antibiotic resistance and virulence-associated genes among the UPECs isolated from an Iranian symptomatic population. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3467-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238375PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Expression of CMIP in podocytes is restricted to specific classes of lupus nephritis.

PLoS One 2018 15;13(11):e0207066. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

AP-HP (Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris), Groupe Hospitalier Henri-Mondor, Department of Nephrology and Renal Transplantation, Créteil, France.

Lupus glomerulopathies are classified into various histological patterns, which probably result from different pathophysiological origins. Podocyte injury can be demonstrated in lupus nephritis but its clinical relevance is far little appreciated and is often masked by proliferative lesions and inflammatory cell infiltrations. Two patterns of podocyte lesions may be considered, either occurring in the context of renal inflammation or reflecting podocyte dysfunction in non-proliferative and non-inflammatory glomerulopathies. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207066PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237342PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Macrophages and Galectin 3 Control Bacterial Burden in Acute and Subacute Murine Leptospirosis That Determines Chronic Kidney Fibrosis.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 30;8:384. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Laboratory of Animal Viruses, Institute of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, UNLP-CONICET, La Plata, Argentina.

Previous studies have suggested that macrophages may contribute to acute dissemination, as well as having a major role in kidney fibrosis. Our aim was to characterize the role of macrophages and galectin 3 (Gal-3) on the survival, clinical course, bacterial burden, interstitial nephritis, and chronic kidney fibrosis in serovar Copenhageni (LIC)-induced experimental murine leptospirosis. C57BL/6J mice depleted of macrophages by liposome-encapsulated clodronate treatment and infected with LIC presented a higher bacterial burden, had reduced subacute nephritis and enhanced chronic kidney fibrosis relative to untreated, infected mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2018.00384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218566PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Acute kidney injury as a rare manifestation of pediatric sarcoidosis: A case report and systematic literature review.

Clin Chim Acta 2019 Feb 7;489:68-74. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Rheumatology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, 399 Wanyuan Road, Shanghai 201102, China. Electronic address:

Background: Sarcoidosis is a chronic noncaseating granulomatous disease with an unknown etiology that can affect multiple organs. Renal involvement in pediatric-onset adult-type sarcoidosis is rare, and only a few cases have been reported. We present a case of a Chinese patient with pediatric-onset adult-type sarcoidosis with renal involvement, and a literature review was performed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00098981183058
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2018.11.014DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Should a patient with rheumatoid arthritis be a kidney donor?

Clin Rheumatol 2019 Jan 8;38(1):251-256. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Division of Rheumatology, Departments of Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California and Los Angeles County + University of Southern California (LAC+USC) Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

We cared for a woman with sero-positive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), in clinical remission on oral methotrexate (MTX) and hydroxychloroquine, who wished to donate a kidney to a brother with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We could find scant literature about this unusual clinical circumstance, and therefore review pertinent aspects of renal disease in RA, perioperative medical management, maintenance of disease remission, outcomes for RA patients who have donated kidneys, and relevant ethical issues. Renal complications in RA are not uncommon, with as many as 50% of patients at risk of reduced eGFR. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10067-018-4350-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-018-4350-5DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads