23,978 results match your criteria Nephritis Interstitial


De-novo CMV infection manifesting as interstitial nephritis in a high-risk kidney recipient with concurrent urologic complications: lessons for the clinical nephrologist.

J Nephrol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 251 East Huron Street, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

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[The importance of timely and safe care. Report of one case].

Rev Med Chil 2021 Nov;149(11):1664-1667

Departamento de Urología, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

We report a 32-year-old woman with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis undergoing a nephrectomy for left xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis with a coralliform calculus and septic shock. Her clinical evolution was torpid, subfebrile, with persistent elevation of inflammatory parameters and with the finding of intra-abdominal collections interpreted as post-surgical. Finally faced with microbiological evidence of infection of the collections, the patient was operated and tended to improve. Read More

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November 2021

The risk of renal comorbidities in celiac disease patients depends on the phenotype of celiac disease.

J Intern Med 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.

Background: An increased risk of kidney disease in patients with celiac disease has been reported, but the association has remained obscure. Only few studies have investigated the association between renal comorbidities and dermatitis herpetiformis, a cutaneous manifestation of celiac disease.

Objectives: We investigated whether patients with different phenotypes of celiac disease are at higher risk of kidney diseases than age- and sex-matched references. Read More

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Case Report: Vancomycin-Associated Tubulointerstitial Nephritis in Clinical Practice-Case Report and Review of Literature.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 31;9:899886. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Internal Medicine, Pikeville Medical Center, Pikeville, KY, United States.

Nephrotoxicity is one of the major limiting factors for vancomycin use. The most common histological patterns of kidney injury are acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and acute tubular necrosis. Patients who develop acute tubulointerstitial nephritis are prone to develop acute kidney injury with vancomycin rechallenge and, in most cases, present alone or as a part of Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS). Read More

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Circulating and renal fibrocytes are associated with interstitial fibrosis in lupus nephritis.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: Fibrocytes, the extracellular matrix (ECM)-producing cells derived from bone marrow progenitors, contribute to organ fibrosis. We investigated the presence and characteristics of fibrocytes in the peripheral blood and kidney of patients with lupus nephritis (LN), and the association of the abundance of fibrocytes with renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) in LN fibrogenesis.

Methods: Fibrocytes were identified with type I collagen (colI), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), CD34, and CD45 using flow cytometry and confocal imaging. Read More

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Acute Kidney Injury Induced by Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors.

Kidney Dis (Basel) 2022 May 4;8(3):190-201. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Nephrology, Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital, The Fifth Clinical Medical College of Shanxi Medical University, Shanxi Kidney Disease Institute, Taiyuan, China.

Background: Recent advances in immune therapy have focused on several agents that target tumor suppression; specifically, use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), such as ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab, has become an important strategy in cancer therapy as they improve outcomes in malignant disease. However, the incidence of renal complications arising from the widespread use of ICIs may be underestimated.

Summary: The most frequently reported renal condition caused by ICI use is acute interstitial nephritis, and for clinicians, the crucial question is how to effectively manage patients who develop renal side effects due to cancer treatment. Read More

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Serum IL-6 as a marker of disease progression in interstitial nephritis.

Am J Transl Res 2022 15;14(5):3189-3197. Epub 2022 May 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University Qingdao, Shandong, China.

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) change in disease progression of interstitial nephritis.

Methods: This is a retrospective study. From November 2017 to November 2019, 87 patients with interstitial nephritis treated in our hospital were enrolled and divided into an acute group (n=42) and a chronic group (n=45) based on pathological results of renal biopsies. Read More

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Hypercalciuria may predict better response to immunosuppressive therapy in renal sarcoidosis: a case series.

J Nephrol 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Renal Division, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University Institute of Nephrology, No.8 Xishiku Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, China.

Background: Renal sarcoidosis is a rare cause of tubulointerstitial nephritits (TIN). The clinical and pathological characteristics, as well as outcomes, of renal sarcoidosis remain unclear.

Methods: This single-center study retrospectively analyzed 18 patients affected by sarcoidosis with tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) and 53 patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis  not related to sarcoidosis. Read More

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Emphysematous Pyelonephritis with IgA-Dominant Infection-Related Glomerulonephritis: An Unusual Picture.

Acta Med Acad 2022 Apr;51(1):59-63

Department of Internal Medicine, Hatyai Hospital, Songkhla, Thailand. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0158-2685.

Objective: The aim of this case report is to illustrate a very rare case of emphysematous pyelonephritis complicated by IgAdominant postinfectious glomerulonephritis.

Case Report: We report the case of a 53-year-old woman with emphysematous pyelonephritis who initially presented with unintentional weight loss for 3 months and subnephrotic range proteinuria without fever. Urinalysis revealed proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, and pyuria. Read More

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Incidentally found focal xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis with extensive venous thrombus.

Can J Urol 2022 Jun;29(3):11187-11189

Section of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Virginia Mason Franciscan Health, Seattle, Washington, USA.

A 71-year-old woman with history of asthma presented with 2 months history of shortness of breath; on imaging an incidental left renal mass was noted. Subsequent renal protocol CT was obtained that showed a 4.5 cm left upper pole exophytic mass with renal vein thrombus extending into the inferior vena cava to the level of the caudate lobe concerning for renal cell carcinoma. Read More

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Severe maternal infectious morbidity during the second half of pregnancy is an independent risk factor for a small for gestational age neonate.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2022 Jul 30;274:238-242. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Objective: The effect of severe maternal infectious morbidity on fetal growth during the second half of pregnancy is under debate. Preliminary evidence suggests that such association may be plausible. The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) The association between severe maternal infectious morbidity and adverse pregnancy outcome; and 2) The effect of maternal infection during pregnancy on fetal growth. Read More

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Dickkopf Homolog 3 (DKK3) as a Prognostic Marker in Lupus Nephritis: A Prospective Monocentric Experience.

J Clin Med 2022 May 25;11(11). Epub 2022 May 25.

University Center of Excellence on Nephrologic, Rheumatologic and Rare Diseases with Nephrology and Dialysis Unit and Center of Immuno-Rheumatolgy and Rare Diseases (CMID), Coordinating Center of the Interregional Network for Rare Diseases of Piedmont and Aosta Valley (North-West Italy), San Giovanni Bosco Hub Hospital, 10154 Turin, Italy.

Background: The gold standard for diagnosis of lupus nephritis (LN) is still represented by renal biopsy, and serological prognostic biomarkers are still lacking. Dickkopf homolog-3 (DKK3) has been suggested as a marker of tissue fibrosis in different conditions; however, its role in autoimmune diseases needs to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the prognostic role of DKK3 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with and without LN, assessing its changes in relation to kidney function, flares, and interstitial fibrosis. Read More

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Antibiotic resistance pattern and pathological features of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli O78:K80 in chickens.

Braz J Biol 2022 3;84:e257179. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Forestry and Range Management, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) induces colibacillosis, an acute and systemic disease, resulting in substantial economic losses in the poultry sector. This study aimed to investigate the antibiotic resistance pattern associated with frequent virulence gene distribution in APEC O78:K80 that may cause pathological alterations in chickens. The antibiogram profile showed high resistance to erythromycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, ampicillin, and co-trimoxazole, followed by intermediate resistance to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, enrofloxacin, norfloxacin, nitrofurantoin, and doxycycline hydrochloride, and sensitive to amikacin, streptomycin, gentamicin, and colistin. Read More

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Effect of anticoagulant and platelet inhibition on the risk of bacteremia among patients with acute pyelonephritis: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 May 31;22(1):509. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: An increasing number of patients are being prescribed anticoagulants and platelet inhibitors (antithrombotic treatment). Basic research has suggested an association between antithrombotic treatment and bacteremia during kidney infection. Here, we investigated the association between antithrombotic treatment, bacteremia and acute kidney injury in patients with acute pyelonephritis. Read More

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Incidence, Pathogenesis, and Management of Proton Pump Inhibitor-Induced Nephrotoxicity.

Drug Saf 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, No. 218 Jixi Road, Hefei, 230022, Anhui, China.

Proton pump inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of various acid-related diseases and are among the most commonly used drugs. Studies estimate that 25-70% of proton pump inhibitors are prescribed for inappropriate treatments, doses, and indications, where the benefits of proton pump inhibitor use may be less than the risk of adverse drug reactions for many patients. Acute interstitial nephritis is an immune-mediated atypical kidney injury in the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors that causes problems for clinicians and patients. Read More

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Kidney Biopsy in Patients with Cancer along the Last Decade: A Multicenter Study.

J Clin Med 2022 May 21;11(10). Epub 2022 May 21.

Nephrology Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Vall d'Hebron Institute of Research, CSUR National Unit of Expertise for Complex Glomerular Diseases of Spain, 08035 Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Currently, following the new advances in cancer treatments and the increasing prevalence of kidney disease in the population, more kidney biopsies are being performed. The aim of our study is to analyze clinical and histological characteristics of patients with active solid organ malignancy who underwent kidney biopsy. This is a multi-center collaborative retrospective study supported by groups GLOSEN/Onconephrology from the Spanish Society of Nephrology. Read More

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Kidney Stones, Proteinuria and Renal Tubular Metabolic Acidosis: What Is the Link?

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 May 2;10(5). Epub 2022 May 2.

Kidney Stone Clinic, Nephrology Department, Hôpital Brugmann, 1020 Brussels, Belgium.

Kidney stone disease represents a rare cause of chronic kidney disease (2-3%) but has severe clinical consequences. Type 1 renal tubular acidosis is a strong lithogenic condition mainly related to primary Sjögren syndrome. This study aimed to illustrate an unusual presentation of Sjögren syndrome to improve the knowledge about rare kidney stone diseases, and to provide clues for the diagnostic approach in this specific condition. Read More

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The Anti-Rheumatic Drug, Leflunomide, Induces Nephrotoxicity in Mice via Upregulation of TGFβ-Mediated p53/Smad2/3 Signaling.

Toxics 2022 May 23;10(5). Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt.

Recent studies indicated renal toxicity and interstitial nephritis in patients receiving leflunomide (LEFN), but the exact mechanism is still unknown. The transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)/p53/Smad2/3 pathway crucially mediates renal fibrosis. We aimed to assess the nephrotoxic effect of LEFN in mice and the possible role of TGFβ-stimulated p53/SMAD2/3 signaling. Read More

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A rare concurrence: bee venom associated acute tubular necrosis and acute interstitial nephritis.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2022 May 23;2022(5):omac026. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Radiology, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida Specialist Hospital, Minna, Nigeria.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is generally associated with increased morbidity and mortality and is even more devastating in patients with comorbidities. Although AKI due to multiple bee stings is well established in the literature, it is still a rare entity with complex pathophysiologic mechanisms. The most commonly reported histological findings in AKI due to bee stings is acute tubular necrosis (ATN), with a few studies attributing it to acute interstitial nephritis (AIN), whereas the concurrence of both ATN and AIN is rarely reported. Read More

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AAUS guideline for acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis.

J Infect Chemother 2022 Aug 22;28(8):1092-1097. Epub 2022 May 22.

Department of Urology, Fujita Health University, School of Medicine, Japan. Electronic address:

Patients with acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis often show impaired immune function that aggravates infectious diseases. Some of the therapeutic recommendations for UTIs have been revised recently, partly because of the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria such as quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli and Extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria, mainly E. coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, which vary from country to country or between regions in frequency of emergence and spread. Read More

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Clinical Phenotype and Mechanisms of Leukopenia/Neutropenia in Patients with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome.

Mediterr J Rheumatol 2022 Mar 31;33(1):99-101. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease which afflicts mainly the exocrine salivary and lachrymal glands, leading to mouth and eye dryness. However, any organ can be affected during the disease course, resulting in a variety of clinical manifestations. Sjögren's syndrome clinical manifestations can be classified into glandular (sicca manifestations or parotid swelling), extra-glandular, either nonspecific (arthralgias, arthritis, Raynaud's phenomenon, fatigue) or peri-epithelial (primary biliary cirrhosis, interstitial nephritis, bronchiolitis), and extra-epithelial (palpable glomerulonephritis, peripheral neuropathy, purpura). Read More

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Kidney Effects by Alternative Classes of Medicines in Patients and Relationship to Effects in Nonclinical Toxicity Studies.

Toxicol Pathol 2022 May 24:1926233221100414. Epub 2022 May 24.

Private Consultant, Alligator Point, Florida, USA.

Drug-induced kidney injury has historically been associated with renal tubule injury related to small molecule pharmaceuticals such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antineoplastic agents, or antibiotics, but as a greater number of alternative classes of medicines such as biotherapeutics, molecular-targeted antineoplastic drugs, chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapies, antibody-drug conjugates, oligonucleotide therapies, or other immunomodulatory drugs come to market, the presentation of drug-induced nephrotoxicity is changing. This review article describes the potential rare clinical events in drug-induced kidney injury that might be noted with these new therapies and their potential impact on patients. Potential pathogenic mechanisms related to immunogenicity, immune complex formation, and stimulation of downstream proinflammatory pathways with some of these alternative medicine classes have resulted in the potential for glomerulonephritis, acute interstitial nephritis, renal vasculitis, and other immune-mediated renal disorders in humans. Read More

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A Case of Membranous Nephropathy Hypothesized to be Associated With COVID-19 Vaccine.

Cureus 2022 Apr 18;14(4):e24245. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Internal Medicine, Baptist Health - University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, North Little Rock, USA.

A 56-year-old male patient with a medical history of essential hypertension was referred to the emergency room after he was found to have a serum creatinine level of 13 mg/dL at his primary care physician's office. The patient reported that he had developed a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-like infection six months prior that was not confirmed. Two months later, he started to notice dyspnea on exertion and bilateral lower limb swelling and was started on furosemide. Read More

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Experimental Aristolochic Acid Nephropathy: A Relevant Model to Study AKI-to-CKD Transition.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 4;9:822870. Epub 2022 May 4.

Laboratory of Experimental Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is a progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis caused by the intake of aristolochic acids (AA) contained in Chinese herbal remedies or contaminated food. AAN is characterized by tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis, characterizing advanced kidney disease. It is established that sustained or recurrent acute kidney injury (AKI) episodes contribute to the progression of CKD. Read More

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Renal sarcoidosis: local renal turgescence, hypermetabolic F-FDG lesions, and granulomatous interstitial nephritis.

Am J Med Sci 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China; Institute of Nephrology, Peking University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

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Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis revealing VEXAS syndrome.

Kidney Int 2022 Jun;101(6):1295-1297

Department of Nephrology, Saint Nazaire Hospital, Saint Nazaire, France.

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Clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with acute kidney injury in Japan in whom kidney biopsy was performed: a cross-sectional analysis of the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J‑RBR).

Clin Exp Nephrol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Pathology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a worldwide concern and it leads to a poor prognosis or end-stage kidney disease. The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of patients with AKI in whom kidney biopsy was performed using data of the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR).

Methods: We screened 38,351 cases that were registered in the J-RBR from 2007 to 2018. Read More

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Acute interstitial nephritis after COVID-19 vaccination.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 19;15(5). Epub 2022 May 19.

Renal Medicine, Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, UK.

A woman in her 70s presented to the hospital being generally unwell 8 days following the first dose of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccination. She was in stage III acute kidney injury (AKI) with hyperkalaemia and metabolic acidosis. Urinalysis showed haematoproteinuria. Read More

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Assessment of renal microcirculation in biopsy-proven tubulointerstitial nephritis in patients with and without glomerular disease: the role of resistive index.

Microvasc Res 2022 07 16;142:104379. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Translational and Precision Medicine, "Sapienza", University of Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Renal resistive index (RRI) measured by Doppler sonography is a marker of microvascular status and it is associated with changes in renal function. Aim of the study was to assess RRI in biopsy-proven tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) in patients with and without glomerular disease.

Methods: 132 consecutive patients underwent to native renal biopsy with diagnosis of isolated TIN or in association with glomerulonephritis. Read More

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Acute interstitial nephritis with Prothionamide.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2022 13;10:2050313X221094076. Epub 2022 May 13.

USAID Eliminate TB Project, KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Among drug-related complications, drug-related nephrotoxicity is the commonest. It is the cause for 7% of all drug-related toxicities among inpatients and accounts for 20% to 30% of acute renal failure. Acute interstitial nephritis is one of the drug-related adverse reactions and occurs due to a drug-related type 4 hypersensitivity reaction. Read More

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